|EIR The Ugly Truth About the ADL B'nai B'rith International Banking Cartel|
|First Printing: ADL in Middle of A Spy Scandal Too Big to Bury On
January 15, eight days after the publication of the first edition of
this book, The San Francisco Chronicle shocked the public with the
revelation that the office of the ADL in San Francisco was at the center
of a scandal involving a San Francisco police officer and a Bay Area art
dealer/self-described private eye who were suspected of selling
illegally obtained information to agents of the South African
government. The two men, Sgt. Tom Gerard of the San Francisco Police
Department, and Roy Bullock, a longtime paid undercover operative for
the local office of the Anti- Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (ADL),
had been undo: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) scrutiny since vii
viii SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING 1990, when federal agents discovered that
secret Bureau records on American black Muslims had been obtained by
South African spies. The trail pointed to Bullock, who, in addition to
his fulltime paid work for the ADL, had been "moonlighting" as an
undercover snitch for the Bureau. On at least one occasion, Bullock
received a 1500 cash payment from the FBI for infiltrating meetings of
two Bay Area groups. Bullock had access to confidential Bureau files,
and became a suspect when FBI files stowed up in the hands of the South
African government at the same time he was regularly meeting with two
South African spies and passing confidential data to them. Bullock
received cash payments that eventually totaled over $16,000. The early
meetings between Bullock and the two South African agents, identified as
Humphries" and "Louie,' included policeman Gerard. Later, Bullock would
meet with the South Africans alone. According to one version of the
Bullock-South Africa story, it was ADL officials who put him in touch
with the foreign agents. Nearly three years later, that FBI probe of
South African spying has mushroomed into one of the biggest espionage
scandals in years. And the center of the scandal has shifted from cops
and art dealers to an alleged command center. The central target is how
the ADL On April 1, 1993, San Francisco Assistant District- Attorney
John Dwyer told reporters: "The ADL is the target. Their involvement is
just so great. People have called this the Gerard case. Now, it's the
ADL case. Gerard is fust their guy in San Francisco. The ADL is doing
the same thing all over the country. There is evidence that the ADL had
police agents in other cities. The case just gets bigger every day. The
more we look, the more SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING ix we find people
involved." The San Francisco probe soon proved that the profile of the
ADL contained in this book is right on the mark. Far from living up to
its thoroughly undeserved and self-promoted reputation, the
Anti-Defamation League has been caught by San Francisco police
investigators: • illegally spying on at least 950 political
organizations, including the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People (NAACP), the Rainbow Coalition, Greenpeace, the Simon
Wiesenthal Center, the United Auto Workers, the Christic Institute, New
Jewish Agenda, Operation Rescue, the Liberty Lobby, the Nation of Islam,
the United Farm Workers, Act-Up, the American Civil liberties Union, the
National Lawyers Guild, the Bo Gritz Presidential Campaign and the
political movement led by Lyndon LaRouche; • infiltrating countless
police and sheriff departments across the country, bribing police
officers and illegally obtaining classified government data on at least
20,000 American citizens; • selling information on anti-apartheid groups
to agents of the South African government; • passing surveillance and
classified police data on Arab-Americans to Israeli authorities who then
used the ADL data to illegally detain American citizens visiting Israel;
• passing off Israeli intelligence propaganda as ADLgenerated research
in an effort to sway American public opinion and government policy,
while never being forced to register as foreign agents and while even
enjoying tax exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). x
SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING A Nationwide Operation The San Francisco
district attorney and police investigators have concluded that the
pattern of illegal spying that they unearthed in California is a small
part of a nationwide spy operation run centrally out of the ADL's
national headquarters in New York City under the direct tion of its
"fact finding" director Irwin Suall. In the San Francisco probe alone,
police uncovered evidence that the ADL had illegally penetrated 20
different police agencies in California alone, and had also gained
access to classified police files in Chicago, St. Louis, Atlanta, and a
half dozen other cities across the country. On April 8, 1993, San
Francisco police released nearly 800 pages of documents, providing
previously classified details of the ADL's nationwide criminal
operations. Those documents were released as attachments to a search
warrant affidavit which police executed the same day. In raids on the
San Francisco and Los Angeles offices of the ADL, police obtained "a
mountain" of new evidence of the spying and agent-provocateur operations
of the League. The April 8 search warrant actions, which garnered
financial records and internal ADL correspondence between Suall and West
Coast regional ADL officials, were the second raids on ADL offices in
four months. On Dec. 10, 1992, San Francisco police raided the San
Francisco and Los Angeles ADL offices, as well as the residences of
Bullock and Gerard. Damage Control Fails Shortly after the April raids
and document disclosures, the ADL launched what local San Francisco
newspapers labeled a massive "damage control" effort They sent out
several delegations of national officials from New York SINCE THE FIRST
PRINTING xi and Washington, D.C. to try to derail the probe. Leading the
delegations were: ADL National Chairman Melvin Salberg, ADL Executive
Director Abraham Foxman and ADL General Counsel Barbara Wahl of the
Washington, D.C. law firm of Arent Fox. In San Francisco, Richard
Goldman, the city's chief of protocol and a longtime ADL ally, was
caught armtwisting Chief of Police Tony Ribera into bringing the
investigation to a halt. Although the city's Police Commission did bend
to the ADL pressure and dropped its own probe of the League's
interference in local police operations, district attorney Arlo Smith
vowed to continue his criminal investigation despite the pressure, and
subsequently identified the ADL's national fact-finding director Suall
as a prime target. In behind-closed-doors meetings with publishers,
editors, and reporters from The Los Angeles Times, the ADL tried to
silence the press through cajoling, armtwisting and not-so-subtle
allegations of anti-Semitism. But the ADL-ruh Jewish weekly, Heritage
Southwest Jewish Press,more openly expressed the ADL's true feelings
about the probe. Publisher Herb Brin, just returned from a trip to
Belgrade, Serbia where he gave his unabashed editorial endorsement to
the Serbian slaughter of Bosnian Moslems and Croats, wrote on April 16:
"Lyndon LaRouche, from his federal prison cell, must be gloating ...
Calypso Gene Farrakhan is singing away at the chagrin of ADL.
These—among a host of skinheads, pinkos and nuts—are dancing because San
Francisco cops are on ai vicious hunt to embarrass the Anti-Defamation
League for doing what ADL has always done and must do to serve
mankind—after Hitler. "And the bastard decision by some idiotic editors
of The Los Angeles Times to play into the game—and xii SINCE THE FIRST
PRINTING Heritage will find out what prompted the malicious hunt into
the fact-finding efforts of ADL (better believe it!) - speaks for itself
as The Times played the trumped-up 'ADL investigated' story on Page One
on 'Good Friday': ... Hardly a week passes that I don't supply Jewish
defense material to David Lehrer, head of ADL in this region ... A
people must have the will and moxy to defend themselves—and that, to me,
is what ADL is all about ... The San Francisco police charge that ADL
maintains political intelligence operations in some seven U.S. cities.
In which case I say: Hooray for ADL!" Brin, a promoter of the terrorist
Jewish Defense League, and gutter-level ADL snitch for 40 years, was
openly threatening revenge. Soon after Brin's diatribe, some local news
outlets experienced nastier treatment than the name-calling directed
against The Los Angeles Times KPOO-FM, a local black community radio
station in the Bay Area, began receiving threatening calls after they
aired a series of interviews with victims of ADL spying, "Jew-hating
nigger," "nigger Nazi," and other similar epithets bombarded the
station's phone lines. In the past, these kinds of ADL hooligan tactics
never failed to work. This time, however, the sheer weight of evidence
has made this one scandal too big to bury. By. late April, after police
publicly released the inventory of documents seized from the ADL, the
League's fact-finding director Irwin Suall hired a top criminal defense
lawyer in San Francisco, the clearest signal yet that the ADL is shaking
over the idea that at long last, they have been caught in the act of
being themselves. Spying on Jews David Gurvitz was unhappy about his pay
from the ADL As the League's chief fact-finder in their Los Angeles
SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING xiii office, the 35-year-old Gurvitz was
married, with one child and a second one on the way. His fulltime job at
the ADL paid him slightly more than $20,000 a year, hardly enough to
live on in a high-cost town like LA. So, in June 1992, Gurvitz went to
the Los Angeles Simon Wiesenthal Center, another Jewish group involved
in monitoring the activities of so-called hate groups, to ask them for a
better-paying job. But unfortunately the Wiesenthal Center already had a
fulltime staff researcher, Rick Eaton, and Gurvitz was given the
brushoff by Wiesenthal Center director Rabbi Cooper. Gurvitz's response
to the job rejection was typical ADL He staked out the Wiesenthal Center
to get Eaton's car license plate number and passed the plate number to
his ADL counterpart in San Francisco, Roy Bullock. Gurvitz would later
tell San Francisco police and FBI investigators that Bullock was his
"mentor." Bullock contacted Sgt. Tom Gerard and had Gerafd get Eaton's
California Department of Motor Vehicles records. The State of California
has very strict laws prohibiting private citizens from possessing DMV
records. Those records contain photographs, addresses, Social Security
numbers, fingerprints, and other sensitive personal data. Unauthorized
possession of even one DMV record is a felony punishable by a stiff fine
and a fiveyear term in a California state prison. When Gurvitz got
Bullock and Gerard to obtain Eaton's DMV record, all three were
committing a serious state crime. But when police raided the home/office
of Roy Bullock on Dec. 10 last year, they found far more than the Eaton
records. They found DMV records on more than 1,300 Californians in a
computer spy base which inxiv SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING cluded data on
12,000 individuals and 950 political groups. Among the files in the
Bullock computer were the DMV records of nearly one-third of the
membership of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee (AADC), a
nationwide Arab-American organization involved in legitimate political
activities. For years, leaders and offices of the AADC had been the
targets of threats of violence. In 1985, Jewish Defense League (JDL)
terrorists carried out bomb attacks against AADC offices in Santa Ana,
California, Washington, D.C., and Boston, Massachusetts. In the Santa
Ana attack, regional director Alex Odeh was killed. ADL agent Bullock
has admitted to police interviewers that he had infiltrated the AADC and
personally had a key to its Santa Ana office at the time of the Odeh
murder. ADL-BATF Collusion The Gurvitz-Bullock efforts against Eaton did
not stop with the illegal spying. Next, to intimidate Eaton, Gurvitz
asked Bollock to contact a leading member of the White Aryan Resistance
(WAR), a West Coast-based white supremacist organization. The WAR
leader, whose ADL codename was "Scumbag," is a convicted felon, and an
undercover agent provocateur on the payroll of the ADL and the Treasury
Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (BATF). "Scumbag"
had been regularly meeting with Bullock and San Francisco BATF agents,
providing inside information about WAR. Through this channel, Bullock
and the ADL apparently maintained wiretaps on the WAR phone, codenaming
the effort "Operation Eavesdrop." (The case of "Scumbag" opens the
question of anSINCE THE FIRST PRINTING xv other level of criminal
activity—receipt of federal confidential records. BATF had offered to
"share" the infiltrator "Scumbag" if the ADL would pay informant
feessome several hundred dollars a week. The money-for "Scumbag" was
approved by the ADL's chief fact-finder, Irwin Suall, from the League's
national headquarters in New York City.) So, when in the fall of 1992,
Bullock contacted "Scumbag" and gave him details about Rick Eaton's
efforts to infiltrate and spy on WAR, it was a textbook dirty trick.
Bullock hoped to enhance "Scumbag's" position within the WAR group by
having him expose the infiltrator, Eaton. The ADL would gain greater
hands-on control over the group, through its own informant Bullock also
hoped that WAR might take some kind of action against Eaton that would
scare him into leaving his job with- the Wiesenthal Center—opening the
position for Gurvitz. There was only one problem. Apparently unbeknownst
to Bullock, the FBI was tapping his phone as part of the South Africa
espionage probe. His conversations with Gerard, Gurvitz, and "Scumbag"
were all recorded. The FBI had no choice but to warn Eaton at the
Wiesenthal Center about a possible physical attack against him by WAR
According to documents released by the San Francisco police, the FBI
could not rule out an actual assassination attempt against Eaton. FBI
agents also went to the Los Angeles ADL office in October 1992 to alert
them to the Gurvitz-Bullock dirty trick. The ADL response was striking.
Gurvitz was fired on the spot, despite his family financial problems and
pregnant wife. Only employed by the ADL for four years, Gurvitz was
expendable. Bullock, however, a 40-year employee of the ADL, xvi SINCE
THE FIRST PRINTING was too valuable to fire. At that very moment,
Bullock (just caught running a possible assassination through White
Aryan Resistance) was in Germany as part of a high-level ADL delegation
meeting with government officials and top German law enforcement to
peddle their credentials as "experts" on extremist groups. Bullock
personally met with the head of the German Constitutional Protection
Office (BfV), Germany's equivalent of the FBI, to receive and pass on
information about U.S. skinhead and neo-Nazi activities. Needless to
say, Bullock did not report on his own role in running agents
provocateurs inside those circles. When Bullock did return to San
Francisco and the prospect of being dumped for his antics with WAR, he
did not lose his job. Irwin Suall, the chief dirty-trickster for the ADL;
his Washington, D.C. aide, Mira Lansky Boland; David Lehrer, the head of
the ADL's Los Angeles office; and Rick Hirschhaut, the leagues San
Francisco director, all threatened to quit on the spot if any action
were taken against Bullock. Suall even wrote a memo which police
uncovered in their searches of the San Francisco ADL office, lauding
Bullock as the ADL's "number one investigator." The impromptu rally in
support of Bullock by top ADL officials speaks volumes about the real
nature of the ADL Bullock's dirty tricks with WAR were not restricted to
the targeting of Eaton. Bullock regularly tried to recruit white
supremacists, KKKers, and otters from the radical racist right to join
AADC and other Arab-American groups, in order to later "expose" those
groups for their alleged anti-Semitic ties. Eaton wasn't the only Jewish
activist targetted by the ADL. Stewart Alpert, a national leader of the
New Jewish Agenda, and other members of the group were SINCE THE FIRST
PRINTING xvii ADL targets. Vera Katz, the mayor of Portland, Oregon, who
lived for years on a kibbutz in Israel, discovered that her sister city
program was spied upon by the ADL A Dilemma for the FBI Shortly after
the Eaton affair, the FBI asked the San Francisco Police to take charge
of the probe 6f Bullock and Gerard. Once the investigation had turned
into a probe of the ADL, the Bureau ran up against a very embarrassing
dilemma. Most serious was the record of FBI collusion with the ADL On
Feb. 4, 1985, then FBI Director William Webster wrote a priority cable
to the special agents in charge of the FBI's 25 largest field offices,
ordering them, to establish permanent local liaison to the ADL The
Webster order coincided with a major effort by the ADL to solicit a
federal prosecution of Lyndon LaRouche, a longstanding target of ADL
spying and dirty tricks. Ironically, this FBI order came precisely when
the "Jewish underground," which FBI Director Webster later identified as
the number-one terrorist threat in the United States, was on a terrorist
spree that covered New York, New Jersey, and California. Terrorist
activities had left two people dead, including Alex Odeh, the Arab-
American leader. By Dec. 10, 1986, documents obtained under the Freedom
of Information Act (FOIA) show ADL National Director Nathan Perlmutter,
writing to Webster, to work details for the ADL to give annual training
lectures at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Va. on "hate crimes." On Nov.
21, 1989, Thomas F. Jones, deputy assistant director of the FBI in
charge of the criminal investigations division wrote to Irwin Suall to
invite Suall and his xviii SINCE THE FIRST HUNTING ADL associates, Allan
Schwartz and Michael Lieberman, to lecture the top 50 FBI agents on
"civil rights law." The marriage between the FBI and the ADL since
February 1985 raises serious questions of legality. Was the ADL handed
authority to run a revised "parallel COINTELPRO program" after the US.
Congress had essentially outlawed the FBI's spying on non-criminal
political groups in 1975? The ADL's intimate ties to the Treasury
Department's BATF ring similar alarm bells. When the San Francisco ADL
office was caught in possession of dozens of police intelligence reports
on "skinheads" prepared by the Portland police, ADL Northwest Regional
Director Marvin Stern told reporter Phil Stanford that perhaps the files
show ADL's "work for the government." Under the Reagan administration's
Executive Order 12333, which spelled out guidelines for domestic and
foreign spying, the FBI was given broad latitude to use non-government
personnel as "assets." No wonder the FBI dropped the probe of Bullock-
Gerard on the grounds that it might jeopardize FBI Secrets, methods, and
procedures! Local Probe, National Target With the Bullock-Gerard case in
its hands, the San Francisco police launched an ambitious investigation
late last year under the supervision of Captain John Wiilett, head of
the Special Investigations Division. In November 1992, shorty after
being interviewed by the FBI, Tom Gerard fled to th Philippines, which
has no extradition treaty with the United States. From his retreat on a
remote Filipino island, Gerard formally submitted his resignation from
the SFPD. Ironically, Gerard's last assignment was in the SID offices.
SINCE TUBE FIRST PRINTING xix On Jan. 22, 1993, Gerard told The San
Francisco Examiner (from the Phillipines) that he had first met Bullock
at the San Francisco ADL office in 1985: "We sat there one morning with
everyone in the (ADL) office, shook hands and made friends." Gerard
freely admitted he funnelled classified police data to Bullock with the
full understanding that it was for the ADL The guy (Bullock) had no
criminal record. It's like we're talking to someone in the neighborhood
community watch organization." Gerarad just returned to the San
Francisco Police Department after a two-year leave of absence in which
he worked for the CIA, ostensibly as a bomb expert. According to
documents and interviews, Gerard's CIA assignments included El Salvador,
Afghanistan and a covert operation targeted at the African nation of
Ghana. On his return to the police department, Gerard frequently boasted
to his colleagues that he was also working closely with the Israeli
Mossad In retrospect, the references to Mossad may have been based on
his budding relationship with the ADL Gerard's work for. the ADL did not
go unrewarded. In May 1991, Gerard was one of eleven police officers
from across the country who traveled to Israel on an all-expenses-paid
ADL junket The group's escort was Mira Lansky Boland, the ADL's
Washington, D.C. factfinder who personally put the delegation together.
Sgt. Tim Carroll, a detective with the San Diego County Sheriff's
Department, described the journey as a payment for services already
rendered to the ADL "A lot of it was for past work or relationship with
the ADL and kind of an emotional thing that we spread the word when we
get back... " Police officers from Boston, Washington, Mobile, xx SINCE
THE FIRST PRINTING Dallas, Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia also went
along on the junket, which featured meetings with senior Israeli police,
military, and intelligence officials. One junket participants Donald
Moore, was subsequently indicted on kidnapping conspiracy charges, when,
on behalf of the Cult Awareness Network (CAN), he joined in a plot to
kidnap a du Pont family heir, Lewis du Pont Smith, a close associate of
Lyndon LaRouche. When Moore was arraigned in late September 1992, his
attorney, Mark Rasch, was from the ADL's law firm. Mira Lansky, Boland
was in court throughout most of the trial. In taped conversations
with;the FBI's undercover informant inside the kidnap conspiracy, Moore
boasted that he had worked closely with the ADL against LaRouche and
that as a deputy sheriff in Loudoun County, Va. he had conducted illegal
wiretaps, breaking and other crimes against the LaRouche group. Though
Moore was acquitted, his codefendant, Galen Kelly, was convicted of
federal kidnapping charges in May 1993. FBI Files on Nation of Islam The
hostess of the May 1991 Israel trip, Mira Lansky Boland, may face
criminal charges for illegal possession of a classified FBI intelligence
report on the Nation of Islam (NOI), a legitimate political group. The
ADL's Gurvitz told FBI and SFPD investigators that he personally sent
copies of the FBI document to Boland after he retrieved it from the
ADL's Los Angeles office files. Lansky Boland had put out a request to
all ADL offices for information on the Nation of Islam, as part of an
ADL propaganda drive against the group. The FBI internal criminal
investigation report, a 35-page document prepared some time in the late
1980s, was leaked SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING xxi to the ADL after the FBI
apparently closed the probe without indicting anyone in the NOI. But the
ADL used the classified report to block the NOI's activities, especially
the Dopebusters program, which had successfully bid for contracts to
provide security for public housing authorities across the country.
Bullock may have passed the NOI file on to his South African spy
friends. Lansky Boland could also emerge as a pivotal figure in a
renewed probe of the Jonathan Jay Pollard spy scandal. A graduate school
classmate of Pollard's at a special national security studies program at
the Fletcher School of Diplomacy, Lansky Boland was placed in a job with
the CIA at the same time Pollard went to work for a Naval Intelligence
unit Both Pollard and Lansky Boland were proteges of the Fletcher
program director, Dr. Uri Ra'anan. Ra'anan was aformer Israeli
intelligence officer who in the 1960s set up an Israeli spy unit at the
national headquarters of B'nai B'rith, the parent organization of the
ADL Pollard, according to a story published in the May 11, 1993 Village
Voice, has written to friends that a top official of the ADL playqd a
central role in his espionage activities for Israel (and the Soviet
Union). Inside the ADL Files In April 1992, following the second search
of ADL offices, the San Francisco police released some of the spy
documents to the public. The inventory included a computerized list of
groups, with the data base broken down into five categories: "pinko,"
"right," "ANC" (for African National Congress, a South African group
that Bullock was spying on for the South African government and the ADL),
"Arab" and "skinhead" xxii SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING Since the ADL had
long paraded itself as the antidote to right-wing extremist and "hate
groups," it was a shocking revelation for many long-duped collaborators
of ADL that the majority of the 950 groups under ADL surveillance were
left-wing, liberal, ethnic, human rights, gay, and labor groups. Leading
members of the U.S. Congress including Ron Dellums, Paul McCloskey, and
Nancy Pelozi, as well as Sen. Allan Cranston, had been spied on by the
ADL, according to files seized by the police. African National Congress
leader Chris Hani, who was assassinated in April 1993, was a target of
ADL surveillance during several trips to California. The Christic
Institute, which filed a spring 1986 lawsuit against Oliver North,
Richard Secord, and others involved in the then-unknown Iran-Contra
operations, was surveiiled and infiltrated by the ADL Roy Bullock stole
trash from Christic's San Francisco offices and filed detailed reports
with the San Francisco ADL, listing bank accounts, personnel data and
other sensitive information. Chip Berlet and Russ Belant, two left-wing
"researchers" who worked closely with the ADL for years in efforts to
foist Justice Department frameups of LaRouche and his associates, were
reportedly shocked when, in a 1986 meeting at ADL headquarters with
Irwin Suall, they were told the ADL had detailed files on them. However,
from 1986 till as late as 1991, Berlet continued to closely collaborate
with the ADL Henry Schwartzchild, a former ADL employee, confirmed to
San Francisco Weekly that the ADL had spied on Rev. Martin Luther King,
Jr. "They thought King was sort of a loose cannon. He was a Baptist
preacher and nobody could be quite sure what he would do next. The ADL
was very anxious about having an unguided missile SINCE THE FIRST
PRINTING xxiii out there." The NAACP was another prime target of ADL
espionage and disruption. Wilbert Tatum, publisher of New York City's
Amsterdam News, captured the sense of betrayal in the black community in
the first of a series of front-page editorials on the San Francisco spy
case on April 24: "There can be no question that the shocking allegation
that the Anti- Defamation League has been spying for years on
organizations such as the NAACP, New Alliance Party, Ku Klux Klan,
Greenpeace, the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee, the Black
United Fund, Operation Rescue, the board of directors of public
television station KQUE, the San Francisco Bay Guardian newspaper, at
least 12,000 individuals nationwide, and still counting, as well as
organizations and individuals yet to be named in New York and the East
Coast, leaves us numbed and chilled.... "For while it was serving as a
model, by all accounts available to us, it was spying on organizations
that it was ostensibly helping. Organizations such as the NAACP welcomed
this help... They were welcomed into our organizations and into our
lives: It is unthinkable to suggest that these 'friends' have betrayed
us, as well as so many more. Yet, the investigations by competent
authorities in Los Angeles and San Francisco suggest that they have done
precisely that, up to and including selling illegally gathered
information on organizations and individuals to the apartheid government
of South Africa." San Francisco Assistant District Attorney John Dwyer
also revealed that Arab-Americans were not only being spied upon by the
ADL At a court hearing in February, he revealed that one Arab-American
whose name appeared in Bullock's computer dossiers had been arrested by
Israeli police. The man, Mohammed Jarad, a Chicago grocer, xxiv SINCE
THE FIRST PRINTING was detained when he arrived in Israel to visit
relatives on Jan. 25, 1993. He was held for days before the American
embassy was even informed of his arrest. The DA's office later
acknowledged that authorities found foreign government (believed to be
from Israel) files on Americans. One Bay Area Middle East peace
activist, Jeffery Blankfort, was tracked in the foreign government files
throughout an entire tour of the Middle East and North Africa. A New
York City ADL agent, Yehudit Barsky, who worked directly under Suall,
regularly received Israeli police dossiers on Arab activists from the
Israeli embassy, according to former American Israel Public Affairs
Committee (AIPAC) researcher Gregory Slabodkin. In February, when
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin came to Washington for the first
official meeting with President Clinton, Israeli Defense Force officials
admitted that they planted intelligence data in the ADL, which the ADL
would then release as its "research." In Chicago, the ADL's regular spy
routine against Arab-Americans, according to writer Robert Friedman, was
to conduct video-surveilance of funerals of Chicagoarea Arabs, and then
give the videos to the Israeli government. Arab-Americans visiting
relatives in Israel and the Israeli occupied territories would be taken
into Israeli custody and shown the videos as an intimidation tactic. The
Money Trail In interviews with both the FBI and the San Francisco
police, Roy Bullock freely admitted that he was a fulltime employee for
the ADL He received $550 a week plus expenses, he had a desk at the
ADL's San Francisco office, and was one of only three people with access
to the secret files maintained at the ADL's office. SINCE-THE FIRST
PRINTING xxv Yet, when police reviewed ADL financial records seized in
the Dec. 10 raids, there was no mention of Bullock as an ADL employee.
California tax filings also showed no mention of Bullock. Police
eventually uncovered a paper trail involving a prominent Los Angeles tax
lawyer, political fixer, and ADL official who systematically concealed
Bullock's ties to the ADL. The attorney, Bruce Hochman, was for years
the regional president, and is still today national vice president of
the ADL Hochman admitted to San Francisco police investigators that,
beginning in 1960, he would receive checks from the ADL, deposit them in
an account and issue cashiers checks to Bullock. The scheme enabled the
ADL to avoid payroll taxes, workmen's compensation and other pay-outs.
This scheme's illegality should have been obvious to Hochman, who is one
of the West Coast's leading tax attorneys. Hochman is also one of an
elite among California lawyers which handpicks nominees for federal
judgeships. One of Hochman's proteges, federal immigration Judge Bruce
J. Einhorn, who chairs the Los Angeles ADL civil rights committee, is
currently at the center of a controversy stemming from his refusal to
recuse himself from the "Los Angeles 8" case, involving seven
Palestinians and a Kenyan who are being charged with membership in an
Arab terrorist group and are targeted for deportation. Back in 1987,
when the eight were first arrested, ADL Regional Director David Lehrer
publicly boasted that the case was based on data provided to the FBI by
the ADL. Today, however, ADL computer spy files naming these 8
defendants open a new scandal about Einhorn's bias. Although San
Francisco investigators say that Hochman is not a target of their probe,
evidence was released xxvi SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING showing over
$160,000 in payments by Hochman to Bullock in recent years. San
Francisco D.A. Arlo Smith told reporters that the ADL could be
prosecuted on 48 separate felony counts simply for their illegal
financial transactions with Bullock. Money for the ADL's covert
"fact-finding" on the West Coast was handled through a covert bank
account maintained in the name "L. Patterson" at several Los Angeles
banks. Those accounts were maintained by regional director David Lehrer.
All of the money was initially provided by the ADL national headquarters
in New York, according to San Francisco investigators. The money trail
established through documents seized in the December and April raids has
prompted investigators to conclude that the league's dirty tricks
operations nationwide are micro-managed from ADL headquarters by Suall
and his chief deputies, including Lansky Boland. Civil Suits Pending San
Francisco prosecutors have already handed down one indictment in the
ongoing ADL spy probe. On May 6, Tom Gerard returned to San Francisco
from his Philippines hide-out and was immediately arrested and charged
with five California state felonies. Now released on 120,000 bond,
Gerard has been told by prosecutors that he can avoid a jail sentence if
he agrees to cooperate. Prosecutors described Gerard and even Bullock as
mere "cogs" in the ADL spy machinery. "Look at the top, at the
organizational setup, at the fact finders," a source inside the
investigation told The San Francisco Examiner on May 11. District
Attorney Smith has said the remaining indictments will be handed down by
June 15. SINCE THE FIRST PRINTING xxvii In the meantime, the ADL has
also been served with a class action lawsuit in California state court
by a group of Californians, including Yigal Arens, the son of the former
Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Arens, and Helen Hooper McCloskey, the
wife of die former Congressman. The suit charges the ADL with illegal
spying and violations of the civil rights of a class of California
citizens targeted because of their political beliefs. Three employees of
Executive Intelligence Review magazine from California have also joined
the suit, which is expected to result in extensive additional
disclosures of the ADL's illegal spy activities. With evidence mounting
and criminal charges pending against the ADL for foreign espionage,
domestic spying and financial fraud, many are asking: How long will the
ADL manage to retain its tax-exempt status with the IRS? To maintain
tax-exempt status a group cannot engage in any kind of direct political
campaign activity and cannot serve as an agent of a foreign government.
The ADL has been caught doing both. In police interviews, David Gurvitz
revealed that the ADL ran an army of undercover agents across the
country. In Chicago, the ADL had undercover informants code-named "Chi
1-2-3," at least one of whom was a local police officer; in St. Louis,
ADL ran "Ironsides;" in Atlanta, an Arab-speaking ADL spy was code-named
"Flipper." Elsewhere in California, ADL ran "Scout" While at first, only
the Portland, Oregon district attorney and the Chicago Police Review
Board formally announced that they will investigate the ADL spying, as
this book goes to print other official government bodies are following
the leads. The ADL Command Structure
EIRNS/L Hecht Canon Edward N. West of the Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City. Introduction The Canon Spills the Beans It was December 9, 1978. The cold New York City winter was made worse by the damp and spooky setting in which the two undercover investigators found themselves. They were sitting in the cavernous basement study of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, interviewing Canon Edward West, a senior official of the secretive Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of Malta. They had come to ask the Canon about Lyndon LaRouche, the by-then well-known economist and political figure, who had been the recent target of an assassination threat by the Order and some of its agents, including Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau. Details of the threat had been published in a thirtypage report issued by LaRouche's associates earlier in the 1 2 THE CANON SPILLS THE BEANS year, and LaRouche's U.S. Labor Party had more recently issued a book-length expose of the international drug trade, highlighting Britain's role in a new opium war directed against the United States. As a top official of the Protestant Episcopal Church in America, and as a leading Knight of Malta, Canon West was well aware of the LaRouche-commissioned exposes. After a half-hour of chatter about other, subjects, interrupted by a brief photo session memorializing the interview, the investigators brought the discussion around to LaRouche and the potential problems he and his organization posed to the Anglo-American establishment and their secret societies. The Canon's response to the inquisitive visitors startled them. In a cold, ruthless tone, the Canon stated confidently: "We will not get directly involved. We will have our Jewish friends at the Anti-Defamation League deal with Mr. LaRouche and his organisation." Canon West's threat proved prophetic. Already, during the summer of 1978, the ADL, in league with the British Fabian Society-sponsored Heritage Foundation, had published a broadside attack against Lyndon LaRouche as an "anti-Semite." The ADL was well aware of LaRouche's efforts beginning in 1975 to bring about a peaceful solution to the Middle East crisis by designing and lobbying internationally for a regional economic development program that would improve the lives of Jews and Arabs alike. LaRouche had traveled to Baghdad, Iraq and had also conferred with senior Israeli government officials about his peace plan. The ADL knew that the characterization of LaRouche as an "anti-Semite" was absurdly libelous. THE CANON SPILLS THE BEANS 3 Nevertheless, the ADL's campaign to smear and eventually destroy LaRouche and his movement escalated dramatically over the winter of 1978-79, and has continued ever since at a cost of tens of millions of dollars. The bizarre reference to the nominally Jewish civil rights group by Episcopal Canon West, with his pivotal role in the secret British Freemasonic movement in America, naturally prompted a more serious inquiry by LaRouche's associates into the ADL, especially following the sudden burst of ADL venom during the summer of 1978. What that investigation revealed was as shocking as the initial comments by Canon West about "our Jewish friends." Not only is the ADL emphatically not a Jewish civil rights lobby; the ADL, and its parent agency, B'nai B'rith, have been, from their inception, arms of the British secret intelligence agencies and secret societies that are sworn enemies of the United States. The B'nai B'rith and the ADL have used their nominal Jewishness to conceal their actual allegiance and agenda. The early history of B'nai B'rith is part of one of the ugliest chapters in the British-led Confederate secessionist insurrection against the Union in the 19th century. The ADL is more closely aligned with the racist Ku Klux Klan than with Judaism; more closely aligned with the murderous Medellin Cocaine Cartel than with any civic group. As the financial and political institutions of the United States have fallen deeper and deeper into the grip of illegal drug money, the visibility and power of the ADL has grown. Today, they are at the very center of the corruption of our most cherished institutions: our schools, our courts, and our elected officials. 4 THE CANON SPILLS THE BEANS This little book is by no means a comprehensive profile of the B'nai B'rith and the ADL. Such a serious history would require volumes. It is written in order to give you, the reader, a brief glimpse of the ugly truth about the "ADL: They are a bunch of racist thugs who push drugs. Scottish Rite Freemason and Ku Klux Klan founder Confederate Gen. Albert Pike's statue in Washington, D.C.'s Judiciary Square. 6 1 150 Years of Perfidy April 14,1865, the day President Abraham Lincoln was shot, will live forever as a day of infamy for American patriots and lovers of freedom all over file world But for the leadership of the Order of B'nai B'rith and its 20th-century secret police arm, the Anti-Defamation League, April 14, 1865 is a day that will be long remembered for a very different reason. The B'nai B'rith, a pivotal player in the British Freemasonic plot to destroy the Union, was implicated in Lincoln's assassination! That fact does not square very well with its long-cultivated, but totally unwarranted reputation as a Jewish social service organization and a champion of civil rights. For that reason, B'nai B'rith and the ADL have gone to great lengths to bury that history. Simon Wolf (1835-1923) was the Washington, DC. 7 8 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY lawyer for the Order of B'nai B'rith during the entire period of the U.S. Civil War. He would later head the International Order of B'nai B'rith for many years. in 1862, Wolf was arrested by LaFayette C. Baker, the chief of detectives for the city of Washington, D.C., and later Lincoln's chief of the U.S. Secret Service, on charges that Wolf was involved in spying and blockade running on behalf of the Confederacy. Baker arrested Wolf, who was the attorney representing a number of Jews accused of spying for the South, on the grounds that he was part of a "conspiratorial organization" working on behalf of the secessionist cause behind the lines in the nation's capital. The conspiratorial organization named by Baker was the B'nai B'rith! Both Baker and U.S. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant targeted the Order of B'nai B'rith as a Confederate spy agency. Upon taking command of the Western Front in 1862, General Grant issued Order No. 11, which,expelled all Jews from the military district within 24 hours of its implementation. U.S. Grant was no anti-Semite. He was reacting to the activities of B'nai B'rith and leading Confederates like Judah P. Benjamin. Lincoln, however, cognizant of the need to avoid blanket attacks against religious or ethnic groups, rescinded the order. A 1987 B'nai B'rith authorized biography of Simon Wolf by Esther L. Panitz offered the following highly suggestive, albeit incomplete description of Wolf's personal relationship with President Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Bear in mind that this biography, written on the basis of B'nai B'rith's archives, paints Wolf the most favorable of lights. The mere fact that the author had to include Wolf's links to Booth and Wolf's earlier 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 9 arrest as an alleged Confederate spy and blockade runner, implies that the actual story is far uglier: . "Wolf's concern for culture first expressed itself in the formation of a private club, devoted to the arts and humanities and frequented by young men avid for learning: ... Were pride and ambition his only motives in seeking the intellectual life? Clearly, Wolf hoped that if he and his friends would devote themselves to the pursuit of learning, they would deflect the prejudicial statements of their Christian neighbors. Wolf was upset that terms such as 'money-changers,' 'cotton traders,' and 'clothes dealers' had become words of reproach.... "Locally, the group's theatrical productions received a good press. Wolf, who would often play the Ghost in Hamlet or Shylock in The Merchant of Venice, bore an uncanny resemblance to John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln's assassin. Earlier in Cleveland, Booth had joined Wolf and Peixotto in dramatic performances. Years afterward, Wolf remembered that he had met Booth once again at the Willard Hotel, on the morning of the day Lincoln was shot. There, at the bar, Booth explained that Senator John P. Hale's daughter had just rejected his marriage proposal. Wolf attributed Lincoln's murder to this personal tragedy in Booth's own life.... Wolf also recalled that once he sat for a picture entitled 'The Assassination of President Lincoln.'" In his own book, Presidents I Have Known, Wolf says that he and his longtime acquaintance John Wilkes Booth did some drinking together at the Willard Hotel on the day Booth shot Lincoln. Wolf's, and a second leading B'nai B'rith figure, Benjamin Peixotto's, dealings with John Wilkes Booth were hardly cultural. Nor could Wolf have possibly believed that Abraham Lincoln was killed became of John Wilkes 10 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY Booth's unrequited love affair. Even John Hinckley, the would-be assassin of President Ronald Reagan was declared insane when he tried to peddle the line that he had tried to kill Ronald Reagan due to an unfulfilled fantasy love affair with actress Jodie Foster. To understand the circumstances under which B'nai B'rith's Washington, D.C. leader and one of its founding members were circumstantially tied to the Lincoln assassination conspiracy, and explicitly linked to the secessionist insurrection against the Union, it is necessary to look briefly at the circumstances under which the Order of B'nai B'rith was founded in 1843. Britain's Reconquest Dream Following the American Revolution, the British monarchy and its East India Company colonialist apparatus never for a moment abandoned their commitment to reconquer the lost colonies in North America. Although the military effort at reconquest in the War of 1812 foiled, other efforts to seed the United States with British agents, some drawn from the ranks of anti-republican Tories who were permitted to retain their citizenship and property in America under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, were more successful. In 1801, the Tory faction of U.S. Freemasonry—the grouping of Freemasons who had sided with England during the American Revolution—opened up shop as the "Grand Council of the Princes of Jerusalem of the Mother Supreme Council of the Knights Commander of the House of the Temple of Solomon of the Thirty-third Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Order of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in the United States." This USbased British Freemasonic lodge was chartered in 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 11 Charleston, S.C. The members of this British-led secret society would direct the Confederate secessionist insurrection a half-century later. Other Scottish Rite members would-be among the founders of the B'nai B'rith. They, too, would be leading Confederates. Apart from the esoteric mission of spreading an explicitly anti-Christian form of Roman pagan worship and occultism among the early generations of American citizens, the Charleston lodge also sought to build up a network of pro-British merchants, spies and politicians in both the North and the South, who would one day play a pivotal role in the reconquest. Many of these early Masons became wealthy through their business dealings with the British East India Company and the Dutch West India Company, in both the cotton and the slave trade. Among the founding members of the Charleston Scottish Rite Lodge were many prominent Jews, including Isaac DaCosta, Moses Cohen, Israel De Lieben, Dr. Isaac Held, Moses Levi, and Moses Peixotto. Many of these men were Sephardic Jews from North Africa or from Spain who had originally settled in the Caribbean and engaged in the early slave trade. These Jewish Masons set up other organizations which also maintained active liaison to Great Britain's powerful Jewish community. The Hebrew Orphan Aid Society was one such nominally benign group that would produce one of the most rabid secessionist leaders, Judah P. Benjamin, Although today, any reports of the Freemasonic roots and structure of B'nai B'rith are usually greeted with a torrent of allegations of "anti-Semitism," back in the formative years, B'nai B'rith's own magazine The Menorah offered the following information about the founders of the group: 12 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY "Their reunions were frequent and several of them being members of existing benevolent societies, especially the order of Free Masons and Odd Fellows, they finally concluded that a somewhat similar organization, but based upon the 'Jewish idea' would best obtain their object. The Jewish religion has many observances and customs corresponding to the secret societies known to us. The synagogue, for instance, might be compared to a lodge room. It used to be open twice a day. For a Jew desiring to find a friend, they had but to go there and make themselves known by a certain sign and token.... The sign consisted of a grip with a full hand and the magical word Sholem Alachem. The messussah on the doorpost was the countersign. Shema Israel (Hear, O Israel) was the password." Indeed, to this day, all local chapters of the B'nai B'rith are referred to as Lodges, a practice borrowed whole cloth from the Scottish Rite. When Moses saw some Jews of this B'nai B'rith type, who tried to make their religion into a pagan secret society, he "took, the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it into powder... and Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and made them gods of gold." The majority of Jews in America during the first generations following independence were opposed to the idea of a Jewish Freemasonic secret society. Thus, Israel Joseph Benjamin, a noted European Jew, in his memoirs Three Years in America, 1859-62 wrote of the B'nai B'rith that "this is a secret society, like the Freemasons, with passwords and the like and was quite a new phenomenon for me... still I think the existence of such a society not at all necessary." He was right. The secret agenda of the B'nai B'rith— 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 13 like that of the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite—was to destroy the Union and pave the way for reconquest by Britain. Benjamin and Belmont Two leading B'nai B'rith-allied figures would serve as exemplars of the British strategy for permanently dividing the Union: Judah P. Benjamin and August Belmont. Benjamin (1811-1884) was born in the British West Indies to Sephardic Jewish parents who moved to Charleston, S.C. In 1827, he was inducted into the Charleston Hebrew Orphan Aid Society, one of the precursors of the B'nai B'rith. After attending Yale College in New Haven, Ct. (he was forced to drop out under a cloud of scandal), Benjamin surfaced in New Orleans, where he quickly won the patronage of John Slidell Slidell, a U.S. senator who would later play a pivotal role in the Confederacy, and sponsored the career of August Belmont, who married Slidell's daughter. With Slidell's assistance, Benjamin became a prominent attorney, even serving for a period of time as the U.S. attorney for New Orleans. Benjamin gained notoriety for covering up the growing terrorist activities of the Scottish Rite-sponsored Knights of the Golden Circle while serving as the local federal prosecutor. In 1852, Benjamin was elected U.S. senator, a post he retained until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, when he resigned to serve the Confederacy. Benjamin was the first Confederate attorney general. He later served as secretary of war and secretary of state, ultimately running the Confederate secret service on behalf of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Judah Benjamin escaped to England following the 14 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY defeat of the Confederate secessionist plot. It was Benjamin's Confederate secret service which organized and supervised such figures in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln as John Wilkes Booth and his accomplice, John Surratt. Benjamin was charged with sedition for the Lincoln assassination, although he was never brought to trial due to his protected status in England. With the help of a leading Rothschild political asset in England, Baron Pollack, Benjamin continued his legal career in London. He never abandoned his commitment to subvert and destroy the American republic, however. As a wealthy lawyer for the British merchant oligarchs, Judah Benjamin collaborated with other exiled Confederate and Masonic strategists in England, such as James D. Bulloch and Robert Toombs. Benjamin's continuing preoccupation with defeating Reconstruction is indicated in letters he wrote back to the U.S. with complaints such as these: "I have always looked with the utmost dread and distrust on the experiment of emancipation so suddenly enforced on the South by the event of the war. God knows how it will all end!"; "the South is kept crushed under negro rule"; "I can never consent to go to New Orleans and break my heart witnessing the rule of negroes and carpetbaggers"; and "nothing is so abhorrent to me as Radicalism which seeks to elevate the populace into the governing class." The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was founded in Tennessee in the late 1860s by the southern Scottish Rite leadership under Albert Pike. The KKK drew its membership from the pre-Civil War Knights of the Golden Circle. Judah P. Benjamin's early role in sponsoring and protecting both the Knights of the Golden Circle and the 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 15 Ku Klux Klan offers a crucial insight into the B'nai B'rith- ADL's later role in fostering the revival of the KKK in the post-World War II period. We shall return to that sordid tale in a later chapter. Another Rothschild and B'nai B'rith ally who enjoyed the political patronage of arch-Confederate John Slidell, August Belmont, was Judah Benjamin's northern counterpart. A private secretary to the British House of Rothschild who arrived in New York City from London in 1837, Belmont rose to the chairmanship of the Democratic Party, a position he held for 20 years. Belmont was a leading advocate of free trade and states' rights, both cornerstones of the British reconquest scheme. Prior to his emergence as a leading figure in the national Democratic Party, Belmont worked closely with the Charleston, S.C. B'nai B'rith in fomenting radicalism among America's youth. The effort was in this case run directly by the Mother Lodge of the Scottish Rite in England, then under the command of Britain's Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, At Belmont's behest, Charleston B'nai B'rith leader Edwin DeLeon wrote a pamphlet in the early 1850s entitled The Position and Duties of Young America DeLeon, whose family were slave traders, B'nai B'rith founders and later leading Confederates, peddled free trade and openly advocated a strong Anglo-American alliance. While by today's standards, the appeals for a strong Anglo-American alliance may seem palatable to some, back in the middle of the 19th century, this was borderline treason. Belmont's Young America members were among the draft rioters and radical abolitionists who disrupted Lincoln's Union war mobilization to the benefit of the 16 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY Confederacy and England. During the early phase of the Civil War, England tried repeatedly to intervene into the conflict with "cease fire" plans that would have ensured the permanent dissolution of the Union. During the Civil War itself, while the majority of American Jews sided with the North and fought valiantly to preserve the Union, the B'nai B'rith was predominantly pro-Confederate. Even in New York City, the Lodges preached secession. The Baltimore Hebrew Congregation, founded by Dutch Jews who made their money in the slave trade, heard sermons by Rabbi Morris Raphall like the following: "Who can blame our brethren of the South for their being inclined to secede from a society under whose government their ends cannot be attained and whose union is kept together by heavy iron ties of violence and arbitrary force? Who can blame our brethren of the South for seceding from a society whose government cannot and will not protect property rights and privileges of a great portion of the Union?" Following the Civil War and the assassination of President Lincoln, many of the Jewish slave and cotton traders from the South, typified by the Lehman Brothers, moved to New York City and became prominent in Wall Street banking and stock brokerages. With the defeat of President Lincoln's Reconstruction program following his assassination, President Andrew Johnson pardoned the Scottish Rite insurrectionists—including Gen. Albert Pike—and accepted a rank of 32nd Degree in the Southern Jurisdiction Freemasons. Suspected Lincoln assassi150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 17 nation plotter Simon Wolf was also absolved of any criminal culpability for his wartime activities. The legacy of British Freemasonic treachery against the Union survived intact—including the B'nai B'rith. Although the slave trade nominally was banned in the United States as a result of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, a new form of slavery had already been launched by the British East India Company and its Scottish Rite directors, including the same Lord Palmerston who had played so pivotal a role in the secessionist insurrection. The new form of slavery was opium. Henry Carey, one of the architects of Abraham Lincoln's Reconstruction program and a leading proponent of the American System of Political Economy, warned about Britain's Opium War against China and India in his 1853 book The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign. He described the trade in "that pernicious drug, opium" as "one of perfect free trade!" Defeated in the secessionist insurrectionist plot, Britain and its fifth column of agents in both the North and the South would eventually regroup around a strategy for running an opium war against the United States. As the reader will learn in later chapters of this book, the B'nai B'rith and its Anti-Defamation League "secret lodge" would play a central role in that effort. Peddling Slavery Still Today Fast forward to 1992. In the nation's capital, where B'nai B'rith lawyer Simon Wolf conspired on behalf of the southern slave trade, the streets in many parts of town are dominated now by drug traffickers whose deadly poison has inflicted both a subculture of addiction and 18 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY violence and a spread of the AIDS virus among the predominandy black population. Community-based efforts, led by the Nation of Islam, have begun to roll back that new subculture of slavery and despair, restoring safety and dignity to some of the most desperately poor neighborhoods in the United States. True to its history, the B'nai B'rith ADL intercedes to turn back the clock to the days of slavery. First, the ADL set off a massive wave of anger and resentment in the African-American community when, in June 1992, it published The Anti-Semitism of Black Demagogues and Extremists. The widely circulated ADL report is a frontal attack on the Nation of Islam (NO!) and its leader, Minister Louis Farrakhan. It openly threatens retribution against any elected officials or political activists who "associate with or publicly commend the NOI." In July 1992, a major uproar developed in Washington, D.C. when the ADL was caught red-handed in an ugly attempt to shut down any government contact with what has been the only effective effort to clean up drugand crime-infested areas in the nation's capital: the NOI's now-famous "Dopebusters." When Washington, D.C. Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly issued an official proclamation honoring Nation of Islam leader Dr. Abdul Alim Muhammad for his leadership in the Dopebusters campaign, and for his groundbreaking work in treating AIDS patients with Immuviron, an African- developed anti-AIDS drug, the ADL went crazy. Kelly'was repeatedly hit with ADL-organized "delegations" demanding that the proclamation be rescinded lest she, too, be identified as an anti-Semite. When she refused, the ADL engaged in a national barrage of media attacks against the Nation of Islam. The attacks culmi150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 19 nated in an article run in the Washington Times coauthored by ADL National Director Abe Foxman and Fact Finding Director Mira Larisky Boland. Ultimately, Kelly succumbed to ADL demands and issued an "Open Letter to the Community" in which she continued to praise Dr. Muhammad's work against drugs, violence, and AIDS, but condemned alleged "anti-Semitic" statements attributed to him by the ADL. But what was really at the heart of the Washington Times article, which was otherwise a potpourri of outrageous and unsubstantiated charges against the Nation of Islam; was a demand that Congress defeat the major appropriations bill for the Dept of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), over the question of whether HUD rules should permit a HUD contractor to hire the Dopebusters to provide security for a federally subsidized housing project in Los Angeles. The ADL was particularly upset about the national attention the successful Dopebusters drug eradication program was getting. The Dopebusters were founded in Washington, D.G. in 1988. Since then, unarmed Dopebuster patrols have been able to eradicate drug trafficking at the street level in nine Washington ghetto neighborhoods and private housing projects. They have done so with no deaths and very little violence. Exemplary of the success of the program is the Mayfair Mansions housing complex in Northeast Washington. Mayfair Mansions went from an ugly, unsafe, open- air drug market in 1988, to being a handsomely restored, safe, vibrant community, as a result of Dopebuster patrols. When HUD Secretary Jack Kemp visited Mayfair Mansions earlier this year, he admitted that the Nation of Islam's Dopebusters deserved the credit, and indicated 20 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY that he was open to granting the patrols federal government contracts. Tenants in public and private housing projects from New York to Baltimore to Los Angeles are demanding Dopebuster patrols. In most cases, the idea has the support of local police and government agencies who have failed to find any other effective way to curtail the intensifying pattern of drug trafficking and violence. In almost every case, the ADL has attempted to block the tenants' choice of security force. Tenant leaders who refuse to back down have been subjected, to threats, harassment, break-ins and other forms of intimidation This time, however, the ADL may have committed a fatal error in launching such an open and vicious attack on the Nation of Islam. Dr. Abdul Alim Muhammad is not only a leader of the NOI, he is one of the most respected community leaders in the Washington area, and his pioneering work against AIDS is gaining him international recognition. The black and Hispanic communities in the U.S. are disproportionately infected by the deadly virus, but have had almost no access to the accepted treatment, which consists of the prohibitively expensive (and highly toxic) AZT, DDI, or DDC. Dr. Muhammad and New York City physician Dr. Barbara Justice, have reported dramatic success in treating more than 600 patients who are HIV-positive with Immuviron, the drug they brought back from Kenya. The pair is also credited with bringing vital information concerning this new treatment modality to both the general public and the medical profession, taking the point in a courageous effort to avert what would otherwise be the worst holocaust to hit the human race. Similarly, the ADL's charges against the Dopebusters 150 YEARS OF PERFIDY 21 cany little credibility, and leave the ADL completely exposed as nothing more than a protection racket for the drug cartel. The Dopebusters enjoy the intense support of the communities they serve and have an unprecedented record of success. Wherever they go, the Dopebusters convey an unmistakable message of hope and inspiration to the community, that the war on drugs can be won. Interviews with the residents of the communities served by the Dopebusters make clear that they believe that it is that message, and nothing else, that has made the Nation of Islam and the Dopebusters a target of ADL attack. In a community where the twin plagues of drug addiction and AIDS are the most visible vestiges of slavery, the ADL has shown that despite the passage of time, its true loyalties lie with the slave meters. Wide World Meyer Lansky, godfather of organized crime. 22 2 A Public Relations Front for Meyer Lansky In 1985, the ADL proudly gave its Torch of liberty award to Las Vegas "businessman" Morris Barney Dalitz. The award ceremony, a strictly black-tie affair, was given front-page attention in the League's monthly Bulletin, which praised Dalitz as a great philanthropist who had donated generously to the ADL over the years. Dalitz's "generosity" was motivated by a lot more than an impulse to help out a favorite charity. As one of the most important figures in organized crime over a period of sixty years, and as a lifetime right-hand man to organized crime's 20th-century "chairman of the board," Meyer Lansky, Moe Dalitz was well aware of the fact that the Anti-Defamation League was, from its founding, a powerful secret arm of the National Crime Syndicate. Without the ADL's undaunted "public relations" work on 23 24 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY behalf of organized crime, the United States would have never been flooded with illegal drugs, and gangsters like Dalitz and Lansky would have long ago been carted off to the penitentiary. Dalitz was one of the kingpins of the Prohibition-era bootlegging business. He, along with three other gangsters, Morris Kleinmah, Sam Tucker, and Louis Rothkopf, ran the Cleveland underworld. Their self-described "Jewish Navy" smuggled rotgut whiskey across the Great Lakes from Canada into the Midwest United States. On the Canadian side of the lakes, the booze was manufactured by the Bronfman Gang, led by Sam and Abe Bronfman, second-generation Romanian immigrants whose father had been brought over to Canada by the B'nai B'rith-allied Baron de Hirsch Fund and had set up a string of whorehouses. Sam and Abe used their Pure Drug Company, which was established with the help of the Hudson's Bay Company, to manufacture, illegal whiskey during the Canadian Prohibition (1915-19). When Canada legalized booze and the U.S. instituted its ban a year later, they were all ready to become the major suppliers to the gangsters south of the border. U.S. government documents from the Prohibition era claim that over 34,000 Americans died of alcohol poisoning drinking the Bronfman brew. Today, Sam Bronfman's son Edgar is a national commissioner of the ADL and the head of its powerful New York Appeal. We will pick up the trail of Edgar Bronfman later in our story. Following Prohibition, Moe Dalitz became the undisputed crime boss of Cleveland, expanding his criminal operations (gambling, labor racketeering, money laundering, tax evasion) from Hollywood and Las Vegas to A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 25 Miami. One of his Miami "investments," a nightspot called the Frolic Club, was a joint venture with Lansky. When Lansky moved into Cuba to open his first offshore gambling, narcotics, and money laundering haven, Dalitz was brought in as a privileged partner. When Lansky and the other directors of the National Crime Syndicate decided that his longtime partner Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel had become a liability and had to be assassinated, it was Dalitz who assumed the lion's share of Siegel's Las Vegas casino interests—interests he still holds today. Lansky and Siegel had formed the original Murder, Inc.—otherwise known as the "Meyer and Bugsy Gang"—to enforce the creation of a National Crime Syndicate overseeing the Prohibition-era illegal liquor and narcotics traffic. From the very outset, Dalitz had been a member of the national commission of the crime syndicate. Up until Lansky's death in 1983, Dalitz was a regular visitor to the crime boss's Miami Beach condo, and was widely presumed by law enforcement officials to be one of the primary heirs to Lansky's crime empire. Just two years after Lansky's death, Dalitz was publicly surfaced as an ADL philanthropist. It was a sign of the times. By the beginning of the 1980's "Decade of Greed," drug money—narco-dollars—had already replaced petro-dollars as the primary source of liquidity to fuel the stock market and real estate speculative bubbles facilitated by the Carter and Reagan administrations' deregulation of the banking and brokerage industries. As the power of drug money grew, so too did the political and financial clout of the ADL Junk bond swindlers like Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken, and dope bankers like 26 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY Edmund Safra—not to mention Moe Dalitz—regularly poured millions into the ADL war chest. In return for this largesse, the ADL publicly branded anyone who challenged the clout of organized crime as a dyed in the wool anti-Semite. The lionizing of mobster Dalitz was the ADL's way of boasting that their public relations work over a seventy- year period had paid off. Gangsters and Traitors from the Start Things were not always so easy. The ADL had been founded shortly after the turn of the century as a "Jewish defense" arm of the B'nai B'rith, the nominally Jewish secret society sponsored and controlled by the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry and by some of the leading British and American WASP families. B'nai B'rith Washington, D.C. representative Simon Wolf, the man whom Lincoln's Secret Service Chief LaFayette C. Baker had arrested as a Confederate spy and Union blockade runner during the Civil War, was now working closely with President Theodore Roosevelt in mobilizing Jewish-American support for the overthrow of the Russian Czar. According to Wolfs 1918 autobiography, he had met secretly with President Roosevelt at his Sagamore Hills estate in New York and had launched an international drive to brand the Czarist regime as "anti-Semitic." After a series of meetings and correspondence with Russia's Prime Minister Count Sergei Witte (arranged by Roosevelt), Wolf had denounced the Russian regime for reneging on its promises to curb anti-Jewish pogroms, after which American Jewish organizations, led from behind the scenes by the B'nai B'rith, began funneling guns A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 27 to the anti-Czarist insurrectionists. Thus, B'nai B'rith played an active role in the Russian Revolution of 1905. This activity would lead to widespread allegations that prominent American Jews were pro-Bolshevik. The Warburg family of Kuhn, Loeb and Company did fund VI. Lenin and Leon Trotsky; and father and son Bolshevik agents Julius and Armand Hammer, who helped found the US. Communist Party, did actively spread the Bolshevik cause in America and spent a decade in the Soviet Union following the 1917 revolution. These allegations of pro-Communist sentiments, while grounded in wellpublicized, scandalous actions by prominent Jewish families, missed the mark. In feet, the plot to bring down the Czar and install the Bolsheviks in power in Russia served longstanding British imperial and geopolitical interests of the sort advanced by the Scottish Rite. Britain feared the development of a Eurasian alliance among France, Germany, Russia, Japan, and China, based on economic cooperation and facilitated by the building of a transcontinental system of railroads linking the East to the West Such a transcontinental railroad system would render Britain's domination over the seas relatively unimportant. B'nai B'rith joined in the effort to sink the Czar for the same reasons the Order joined in the Confederates' secessionist plot to destroy the Union forty years earlier: because B'nai B'rith was an arm of the British Freemasonic treason. In feet, one of the most compelling reasons for British hatred of Russia was the role played by Czar Alexander II in coming to the aid of Abraham Lincoln during the darkest days of the U.S. Civil War. In 1863, Czar Alexander dispatched the powerful Russian Navy to the 28 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY U.S. potts of New York and San Francisco and threatened to go to war against Britain if the Crown joined the war on the side of the Confederacy. At the same time the so-called Jewish-Bolshevik ties were being targeted (frequently by people with actual anti-Semitic biases), diligent local police around the United States were becoming legitimately alarmed at the growing crime problem. New York City Police Commissioner Theodore A. Bingham, in September 1908, penned an article for the prestigious North American Review tided "Foreign Criminals in New York." The article detailed the rise of gambling, prostitution and drugs on New York's Lower East Side, emphasizing the role of Jewish, Italian and Irish immigrant gangsters in that crime explosion. Bingham was not alone in his concern about the rise of gangsterism in the Jewish communities of the metropolitan New York area and beyond. In April 1910, the leading Jewish families of the United States, Germany, France and Great Britain sent delegates to a "Jewish International Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Girls and Women" in London. Keynote speaker Arthur R. Moro delivered an alarming report on the involvement of Jewish gangsters in the worldwide white slave trade and in bigtime prostitution: "I wish I had time to tell you all I know, which goes to show that the traffic of Jewesses is almost worldwide. But I must restrict myself to a few... incidents to prove that an extensive traffic does exist.... In 1901, a Rabbi came from the Transvaal and told me that the amount of Jewish prostitution and traffic in Johannesburg, Pretoria, Lourenco Marques, Beira and Salisbury are appalling. In later years, the same story came from another Rabbi A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 29 regarding Capetown... In 1903, a Jewish schoolmaster who had spent some time in Egypt said that the traffic by Jews of Jewesses to Alexandria, Cairo and Port Said was an absolute scandal. There were Greek, Italian and French prostitutes, but they were far outnumbered by the Jewesses.... We have received, and have correspondence to show that this awful condition of affairs exists in Calcutta to a large extent, and also all along the free ports of China... From the Chief Rabbi of Constantinople, from a distinguished Jewish-American scholar, from a prominent London gentleman, and from a schoolmistress in Calata we have had letters during the past six months describing an outrageous condition of affairs in Constantinople, where traffic in prostitutes is carried out openly and shamelessly, and where the traffickers have their own Synagogue. ... They say things in Damascus are even worse." Already in 1909, the leading "Our Crowd" families of New York had established their own Bureau of Social Morals, headed by Rabbi Judah P. Magnes. The Bureau hired private detective Abe Schoenfeld, an investigator for John D. Rockefeller, Jr., to infiltrate and profile the organized crime structure centered on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Schoenfeld's mission was hardly that of crimebuster. In 1922, Rabbi Magnes took those voluminous files with him when he moved to Jerusalem and founded the Hebrew University. To this day, that genealogical chart of organized crime remains a part of the university's most closely guarded archives. It was during this same period of mounting concern over the exposure of Jewish-surnamed gangsters, that the Anti-Defamation League was founded. One of the very first targets of the ADL was New York Police Commissioner Bingham, whom the ADL 30 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY smeared as an anti-Semite for his efforts to quell organized crime on the Lower East Side. Bingham's crimefighting efforts were by no means targeted exclusively against Jewish gangsters. His chief detective, Lt. Joseph Petrosino, was assassinated in March 1909 in Sicily, while meeting with Italian police to establish cooperation in probing links between criminal elements and anarchist networks operating in both the United States and Italy. In 1901, Petrosino had warned the Secret Service about an-imminent assassination attempt against President William McKinley. Petrosino had learned of the plot by infiltrating his agents into the Henry Street Settlement House in New York, a hotbed of British Fabian Society and international anarchist activity. The Secret Service ignored his warnings, and McKinley was assassinated months later, leaving British agent and B'nai B'rith ally Teddy Roosevelt to assume the presidency. The nascent ADL, still formally called the Publicity Committee of the B'nai B'rith, had assailed Bingham's crimefighting efforts for "maligning Jews" and eventually succeeded in having him ousted as police commissioner. Organized crime got a big boost as a result What's more, the effort to establish the links betweenorganized crime, international anarchist circles and, perhaps, the Scottish Rite and B'nai B'rith secret societies, was stillborn. The man who founded and headed up the ADL for its first thirty years was Sigmund Livingston, a prominent Chicago attorney who had headed up the powerful B'nai B'rith Midwest Lodge Number 6. Livingston was the lawyer for the Chicago and Alton Railways, a company owned by William Moore of the prominent Episcopalian family. From the 1890s, the Moore family had forged a business alliance with the J.P. Morgan banking interests. A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 31 The Moores, with Morgan financing, founded the National Biscuit Company (now RJR-Nabisco) and U.S. Steel Corporation. Within two generations, members of the Moore family would also control Bankers Trust Company and sit on the board of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM). The Moore family's sponsorship of Livingston, ADL chairman from 1915-45, was a reflection of the underlying relationship between the leading WASP Freemasonic families and the ADL that continues through to the present. The Moore family's Nabisco and U.S. Steel are on record today as major financial backers of the ADL Ironically, Bishop Paul Moore, of the same Moore family, served for years as the Episcopal Bishop of New York, based at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. He was the superior to Canon Edward West. Canon West's promise to "get his Jewish friends to take care of Lyndon LaRouche provided crucial evidence that the real power behind the ADL and its organized crime confederates is the Scottish Rite. Prohibition With the ADL's successful drive to oust New York Police Commissioner Bingham, organized crime began to spread its tentacles out into New York City and across the country. By the onset of Prohibition in 1920, the undisputed chief of the New York rackets was Arnold Rothstein, the son of a prominent garment manufacturer and a junior member of the elite "Our Crowd." Many of the "Our Crowd" families—like the Lehmans— had come to New York from the South in the post-Civil War period. They were transplanted Confederates who capitalized on the power of the British Rothschild 32 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY family's Wall Street representative, August Belmont, to quickly establish themselves among the city's leading bankers and stockbrokers. They had participated in the unsuccessful Confederate secessionist plot against the Union. Now, they would take a leading role in the British effort to direct a new opium war against the American people. Rothstein operated a gambling and prostitution syndicate out of the Metropole Hotel in Midtown Manhattan, far from the teeming ethnic ghetto of the Lower East Side. He ran the unofficial gambling commission for Tammany Hall boss Timothy Sullivan. He hobnobbed with some of the country's wealthiest legitimate businessmen, like Julius Heischmann, the yeast manufacturer, Joseph Seagram, the Canadian distiller, Harry Sinclair of the Sinclair Oil Company, and Percival H. Hill, head of the American Tobacco Company. In 1919, Rothstein engineered the fixing of the baseball World Series on behalf of his gambling cronies, in what became known as the Chicago "Black Sox" scandal. At the behest of Lower East Side gangster Irving Wexler (also known as Waxey Gordon) and Detroit mobster Max Greenberg, Rothstein put up the initial $175,000 to establish the first bootlegging operations of the Prohibition era, servicing the Midwest and the East Coast with British whiskey transported across the Atlantic. Rum running ships owned by Rothstein and his partners would smuggle the British whiskey from Long Island Sound into the US. Rothstein's British contacts included Winston Churchill, who at the time headed the Royal Commission in charge of liquor. In 1921, Rothstein also opened up a British pipeline for smuggling heroin into the United States, via his busiA PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 33 ness agent in China, Jacob Katzenberg. Katzenberg hooked up with the British opium cartel, then headed by Lord Keswick of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and the Jardine and Mathe$on trading company, and arranged the transit of the illegal drugs through Marseilles into New York City. The route, later known as the "French Connection," would remain the primary pipeline of heroin into America up through the 1960s. ADL Gets a Piece of the Action The period of Prohibition marked the syndication of organized crime. It also marked the emergence of illegal money as a major source of investment capital in socalled legitimate business. As the proceeds of the billions of dollars in illegal whiskey and dope sales were funneled into such lucrative "straight" investments as the Hollywood motion picture and music industries, the Nevada gambling casinos (Nevada conveniently legalized casino gambling just as Prohibition was coming to an end), and post-Prohibition legal alcohol distilleries, the ADL was on hand to directly reap the benefits. In 1929, one of Meyer Lansky 's New York City crime lieutenants, Frank Erickson, founded the Sterling National Bank. Erickson was a specialist in money laundering. After Lansky replaced Arnold Rothstein (he was assassinated in 1926) as the chairman of the board of the National Crime Syndicate, Erickson had been put in charge of the nationwide bookmaking operations. Erickson handled Lansky's hidden interests in gambling casinos, racetracks and other businesses around the country. Sterling National Bank served as the mob's "factor" bank in the New York City garment center, doling out high34 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY interest, short-term loans to thousands of small clothing manufacturers to purchase their raw materials. The loans were collateralized by the garment firmsaccounts receivable. On paper, it was a "benign," barely legal form of loan sharking. In practice, it was the syndicate's foot in the door for taking over the entire garment industry through violence and intimidation. Erickson's relationship with Lansky gave Sterling virtually unchallenged control over the garment center. In 1934, Theodore H. Silbert went to work for Sterling National Bank. Within a decade of his arrival, Silbert was the bank's chairman, president, and CEO, posts he would retain up until his death in early 1992. Silbert was the ADL's man on the scene. He would serve as the ADL's national commissioner, treasurer, and chief fundraiser. The ADL established its bank accounts at Sterling National, and, according to IRS records, invested in bank stock. The only other outside investment into which the ADL would ever put its own money would be the American Bank and Trust Company (ABT), another New York City bank which listed ADL National Commissioner and B'nai B'rith International President Philip Klutznick as a director. ABT would go under when shady Mossad financier David Graiver made off with all the bank's deposits and then ostensibly died in a mysterious airplane crash over Mexico. Graiver's so-called death was so suspect that New York State listed him as a coconspirator in the ABT bank fraud investigation for years. Although Silbert's emergence as the leading figure at Sterling National was part of a campaign to cleanse the bank's public image by replacing a known gangster with a "philanthropist and civic-minded banker," Sterling continued to be entangled in shady financial dealing, someA PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY 35 times leading to high-visibility civil suits. The most explosive of these scandals hit in January 1982, when the Italian government filed suit in U.S. District Court in New York City against Sterling, charging it with "constructive trust, conspiracy to defraud, fraud, and breach of fiduciary duty." The case revolved around Italian banker Michele Sindona's looting of $27 million from the Banca Privata in 1973-74. The theft had repercussions across the Atlantic as well. The Franklin National Bank on Long Island, N.Y. went bust as the result of Sindona's involvement. Sterling National Bank was one of the laundromats through which Sindona washed the stolen cash. Not surprisingly, Sindona would later be exposed as a pivotal figure in the Propaganda-2 Freemasonic Lodge, a secret Italian branch of the Scottish Rite with strong ties to the Mafia. Its antecedent, the 19th-century Propaganda- 1 Lodge, had been founded by Giuseppe Mazzini, the founder of the Sicilian Mafia, a leading member of the First Communist International and an agent of Britain's Lord Palmerston, the Grand Master of the Scottish Rite. Some things just never change. ADL's shady links to Sterling National Bank went beyond Theodore Silbert. Another longtime director of the bank and ADL man, Maxwell Raab, was a business partner of Meyer Lansky in a company called the International Airport Hotel Corporation The vice chairman of the powerful New York State ADL, Raab weathered the public airing of his Lansky links and went on to be the United States ambassador to Italy during the Reagan administration. Arnold Bums was another ADL asset on the board of Sterling. Burns's law firm, Burns and Summit, got 36 caught up in a tax evasion scheme in the early 1980s that almost landed both partners in jail. Under a loophole to the federal tax codes written into law thanks to the Zionist lobby in the U.S. Congress, American investors in Israeli research and development firms could claim their investments as tax writeoffs. Arnold Burns set up a string of tax shelters in the Bahamas, ostensibly to fund these Israeli R&D projects. However, the money—minus a hefty fee to Burns and Summit—never reached Israel. It was laundered right back into the U.S. where it could be used by its owners, tax free. When the scheme became the subject of a federal grand jury in New York, Burns pointed a finger at some of his cohorts and walked away unscathed. A few months later, Arnold Burns was named deputy attorney general of the United States, a post he held throughout most of the Reagan era! Burns's name had been placed before Ronald Reagan by John J. McCloy, a powerhouse in the New York City WASP establishment, and the former chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank. Nor is Sterling National Bank the only ADL bank implicated in the dope trade and organized crime. Leonard Abess of Miami, Fla., is another honorary national chairman of the ADL. He is the chairman of City National Bank of Miami, one of many Florida banks caught laundering bigtime drug money. A top aide to Abess at City National, Alberto Duque, was jailed in the late 1980s for laundering dope dollars. Another senior bank official, Donald Beasley, was hired by Abess on the basis of his former work for the Nugen Hand Bank in Australia. Nugen Hand went bust in the mid-1980s when one of its founders, Frank Nugen, was found dead in his car, the victim of what police labeled a "suicide," and the 37 other partner, former Green Beret and CIA agent Michael Hand, disappeared into thin air with $26 million in bank assets, Nugen Hand had been set up during the final days of the Vietnam War by ex-CIA and Pentagon officers, including Ted Shackley, to launder black market profits into shady intelligence operations throughout Asia. Hollywood Hoodlums If the 1985 Moe Dalitz award dinner was a kind of "coming out party" for the ADL's friends in the National Crime Syndicate, it was by no means the first time the League publicly flaunted its deep ties to the gangster world. In 1963, as part of an effort to vastly expand its fundraising reach, the ADL appointed Hollywood producer Dore Schary as its national chairman. At the time, Schary was the reigning superstar at the Metro Goldwyn Mayer studios. Among the Hollywood insiders, however, Schary was known as a lifelong pal of syndicate higherup Abner "Longie" Zwillman of New Jersey. Zwillman was one of the first of the Prohibition-era bootleggers and Lansky aides to get involved in the Hollywood motion picture industry. Ah original member of "Murder, Inc." and the head of the powerful Reinfeld boodegging syndicate in New Jersey, Zwillman expanded into labor racketeering during the waning days of Prohibition. By 1930, he had seized control over the screen operators union up and down the East Coast, and parlayed that into shares in some of the big Hollywood studios. At this time, Dore Schary ran an amateur drama group at the YMHA in Newark, NJ. Childhood friend Zwillman sent Schary out to the West Coast and installed him at MGM. When Zwillman got into trouble with the IRS in 38 A PUBLIC RELATIONS FRONT FOR MEYER LANSKY the late 1950s, some of his syndicate associates became convinced that he might betray some of the mob's most closely held financial secrets. On Feb. 27, 1959, he was found hanging from a pipe in the basement of his twentyroom West Orange, N.J. mansion. According to FBI reports, Schary attended the funeral. In the FBI memo citing Schary's appearance at the Zwillman funeral, the Bureau delivered a kind of eulogy to the mobster. Citing an article from the New York World Telegram, the FBI memo read: "Nobody... followed so successfully for so long the approved underworld formula for success—from rags to rackets to riches to respectability." If the "rags to respectability" formula were to be applied to organizations, the Anti-Defamation League would be first on the list of success stories. EIRNS/Leo Scanlon ADL executive Kenneth Bialkin, attorney for organized crime drug money laundering figures. 3 The ADL and the Opium War Against America For the past two decades, Wall Street lawyer Kenneth Bialkin has been "Mr. ADL." A longstanding member of the League's National Executive Committee, Bialkin served from 1982 through 1986 as the League's National chairman. It was on his watch that gangster Moe Dalitz got the ADL's prestigious "Torch of Liberty" prize; that junk bond swindler Michael Milken poured millions of dollars into the launching of the League's "A World of Difference" propaganda campaign to wreck American public education; and that accused drug money launderer Edmund Safra got Bialkin and the ADL to mediate a corporate divorce between his banking empire and the American Express Company. In return for Bialkin's effort to salvage Safra's badly tarnished reputation, the ADL received all million tax-exempt payoff from him. 41 42 ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA But Bialkin's real claim to fame is that he was a central figure in the doping of America. Without Kenneth Bialkin's behind the scenes legal maneuvering, the Medellin Cartel would have had a far more difficult time establishing a beachhead in the United States. In much the same way Bialkin quieted the potentially stormy divorce between Edmund Safra and American Express, he brokered the marriage between renegade financier Robert Vesco and the Medellin Cartel's chief of logistics, Carlos Lehder Rivas. As a result, the dope smuggling routes through the Caribbean into the United States were consolidated, and the streets' of America were flooded during the 1980s with marijuana and cocaine. Bialkin, Vesco, and IOS This sordid story began in 1970, when Kenneth Bialkin, the senior partner at the Wall Street law firm of Willkie, Farr and Gallagher, helped engineer Robert Vesco's takeover of the Investors Overseas Service (IOS), a Swissbased mutual fund that was founded by Bernie Cornfeld with startup funding from the Swiss-French branch of the Rothschild family. IOS was a front for Meyer Lansky's international crime syndicate. IOS "salesman" traveled the globe carrying suitcases full of cash across international borders. Some of the money came from local investors, but the bulk of it was hot money gained from the Latisky syndicate's dope, gambling, prostitution, and extortion rackets. If this method of money laundering was labor intensive and primitive compared to today's high-speed electronic wire transfers, it was nevertheless efficient. The cash eventually wound up in numbered accounts at some ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA 43 of Switzerland's most corrupt and secretive banks. Some of the banks linked to the IOS apparatus, like the Genevabased International Credit Bank (BCI) and the Nassau, Bahamas-based Bank of World Commerce, were flagrant fronts for the Lansky syndicate. While BCI was owned by a senior officer of the Israeli Mossad named Tibor Rosenbaum, BCI's office manager, Sylvain Ferdman, was identified by Life magazine in 1967 as one of Lansky's top bagmen; and World Commerce director Alvin Mainik was Lansky's "accountant." When Lansky and his controllers decided to shift the center of their underground banking operations from Switzerland to the Caribbean as part of the planned expansion of cocaine and marijuana smuggling into the United States, it was the ADL and Bialkin that engineered the move. First, the ADL's Minneapolis, Minn. apparatus (known inside the League as the "Minneapolis Mafia"), which ran the notorious Kid Cann (Isadore Blumenfeld) organized crime ring, provided the money for a local Hebrew schoolteacher turned business entrepreneur named Meshulam Riklis to buy up a large block of shares of IOS stock. Once Riklis had amassed enough stock to control the company, he turned around and sold all his shares to Vesco. Vesco was represented in the transaction by Kenneth Bialkin. Vesco's next step was to oust Bernie Cornfeld as the president of IOS and take over the job himself. Over the next several years, a total of $270 million was siphoned out of IOS accounts in Switzerland. Officially, the money was never found, and Robert Vesco conveniently fled the United States one step ahead of the FBI and the IRS. The Cornfeld to Riklis to Vesco transaction itself 44 ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA may have been largely a wash of Lansky syndicate dollars. From Prohibition onward, the Minneapolis Kid Cann gang had been handlers of Lansky money. Kid Cann eventually moved to the Miami area and was a key player in Lansky's bigtime move into southern Florida "gold coast" real estate. However, not all of the money siphoned out of IOS by Vesco was "family cash." A lawsuit was brought in U.S. District Court in New York City in 1980 by some of the independent, investors who had lost their shirts in the looting of IOS. While not revealing the whereabouts of the missing millions, the civil suit identified Bialkin and the Bank of New York as partners of the fugitive financier in the scheme. On July 31, 1980, Federal Judge D.J. Stewart ordered Willkie, Farr and Gallagher to pay $24.5 million to a group of IOS investors and ordered the Bank of New York to pay $35.6 million. The case file, which fills twenty cartons stored at the Federal District Court warehouse in Bayonne, N.J., shows that Bialkin was the evil genius behind the looting scheme. A year before the court ordered Willkie, Farr and the Bank of New York to pay up for their role in the looting of IOS, some of that money had been used by Vesco to purchase Normans Cay in the Bahamas. Vesco's partner in the deal was Carlos Lehder Rivas, a small-time Colombian car thief and marijuana smuggler who had recently gotten out of jail in Florida. Lehder, an unabashed supporter of Adolf Hitler who would later use some of his smuggling profits to found a neo-Nazi, radical environmentalist political party in Colombia, fit neatly into the ADL scheme, with his family ties back in Colombia to leading figures in the then-emerging Medellin Cartel. ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA 45 By 1980, the Vesco-Lehder-owned Normans Cay was serving as the command center and transshipment depot for a massive marijuana and cocaine trafficking operation from Medellin into the United States. For several years, while running the Normans Cay operation, Vesco skipped from the Bahamas to Costa Rica to Nicaragua, buying up local politicians and newspaper editors and always miraculously staying one step ahead of an FBI that never really seemed too intent on capturing the fugitive money man. On one occasion on Antigua, Vesco was hosting a lavish party on a boat that he had bought from Saudi financier Adrian Khashoggi, while FBI agents were combing the island looking for the elusive fugitive. In 1982, Vesco took more secure permanent refuge in Havana, Cuba as the personal guest and financial adviser to Communist dictator Fidel Castro. Vesco and Lehder cut Castro into the lucrative cocaine and marijuana business, using Cuban airstrips to refuel their drug flights to America and, in return, helping Fidel to funnel guns to terrorist groups across Latin America. According to investigative reporten Ernest Volkman, by 1984, Vesco and Lehder had earned Fidel a $20 billion cut of the growing Western Hemisphere dope trade. Thanks to ADL frontman Vesco, Americans were getting hooked on cocaine, while Fidel Castro was reaping billions to foment narco-terrorist insurgencies all over the Hemisphere; In the meantime, back on U.S. soil, "Mr. ADL," Kenneth Bialkin, continued to ply his trade. In 1988, he left his post as managing partner of Willkie, Farr to take a partnership at another Wall Street mega-firm, Skadden Arps Slate Meagher and Flom. In the speculative frenzy that had followed the Carter administration's deregula46 ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA tion of the nation's banking system and financial markets, Skadden Arps had emerged as the "sleaze king" of Wall Street lawyering. The firm's number one client was Drexel Burnham's junk bond super-salesman, Michael Milken. When Milken left the wood-paneled conference rooms of lower Manhattan to set up shop in Beverly Hills, Calif., Skadden Arps obliged by opening up their own eighty-man Beverly Hills office to service Milken's every need. Among Milken's oldest and most well-fed clients was Meshulam Riklis, the former Minneapolis Hebrew schoolteacher who had been an important prop in the Bialkin-executed takeover and looting of IOS. (To do him justice, it should be noted that before he landed in Minnesota, the Turkish-born Riklis had been a British police spy in Palestine before Israel won its independence. When his treachery was exposed, the Stern Gang, led by Menaehem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir, tod imposed a death sentence on Riklis, That death sentence was finally lifted in the early 1980s after the Begin and Shamir-led Likud Party came into power in Israel, and Riklis made a very large cash contribution to their campaign coffers. That rapprochement was apparently arranged by Israel's Defense Minister Ariel Sharon, after Riklis bought him a ranch in the Negev Desert) Bialkin and Safra Before he moved over to Skadden Arps, Kenneth Bialkin i had occupied a great deal of his time during the 1980s with engineering a consolidation and reorganization of some of the oldest of the "Our Crowd" brokerage houses. The banking deregulation frenzy of the Carter and early Reagan years, combined with skyrocketing U.S. interest ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA 47 rates, had turned the U.S. economy into a haven for hot money. "Narco-dollars" were flooding the U.S., and Bialkin apparently recognized that if he could create a large enough and diversified enough financial structure to accommodate the hot cash, the rewards would be nearly endless. In rapid succession, he executed the absorption of Lehman Brothers into Kuhn, Loeb and Company. Shearson Hayden Stone bought out Loeb Rhodes. And, by 1984, all of those houses had been in turn bought out by American Express Company, which changed its name to Shearson Lehman American Express. Bialkin was an attorney of record on each of these transactions and he landed a seat on the board of directors of the newly consolidated Shearson Amex entity. Bialkin's buddy Henry Kissinger, by now a high-flying consultant to a fleet of major multinational corporations, also joined the board of the Amex mega-combine. In 1983, Bialkin had also orchestrated the marriage of the Amex conglomerate with Edmund Safra's Trade Development Bank of Geneva. When the ink dried, Safra was holding 4 percent of Amex's stock and was president of its private banking division. The other large-block shareholder in the new conglomerate was Carl Lindner, another rags-to-riches wheeler-dealer long suspected of being a front man for the Lansky crowd. Courtesy of Michael Milken and former Dalitz "Purple Gang" member Max Fisher (another prominent ADL figure), Lindner became the owner of United Brands, formerly the United Fruit Company. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration officials acknowledged in 1978 that an estimated 20 percent of the illegal drugs coming into the United States from South and Central America were being smuggled 48 ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA courtesy of United Brands, a company with longstanding ties to organized crime and U.S. intelligence. The capacity for money laundering and smuggling represented by this United Brands-Amex combine made Vesco's earlier IOS venture seem like a mom and pop operation in comparison. However, things began to unravel very dramatically for Bialkin and his conglomerate clients on April 2,1989. That day's Sunday edition of New York Newsday ran a full-page banner headline: "Dirty Money—No. 606347712 Is the NY Bank Account Where 2 Major Drug Money-Laundering Probes Meet." The story, by ace investigative reporter Knut Royce, revealed that Edmund Safra's Republic National Bank of New York was serving as a money laundering hub for both the Medellin Cartel and the Syrian-Lebanese Mafia. DEA and U.S. Customs investigators involved in two separate high-priority probes had traced dope dollars from South America and the Middle East into the same numbered account at the main branch of Republic. Royce's story was based in part on a Jan. 3, 1989 DEA report from the Berne, Switzerland office. The subject of the report was a Geneva-based firm, Shakarchi Trading Company. Working in league with the Bulgarian secret police, the Turkish mafia, and Syrian and Lebanese drug traffickers in the Bekaa Valley, Shakarchi had laundered the profits of the Middle East heroin and hashish trade through Switzerland into Republic National Bank. Account No. 606347712 was Shakarchi's account. What's more, the DEA document revealed that Edmund Safra had been a lifelong friend of Mahmoud Shakarchi, the founder of the Swiss company, and continued to enjoy a close business relationship with Mahmoud's ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA 49 sons, who were running the firm at the time of the Newsday expose. The DEA report said that all of Safra's banks had "surfaced in the investigation of Shakarchi's alleged drug money laundering activities." The Newsday story had been apparendy put together with the assistance of angry federal drug investigators who felt that major drug money laundering cases had been blocked for political reasons. Indeed, both Bialkin and Safra were hot political commodities at that moment. Iran-Contra special prosecutor Lawrence Walsh was deep into his probe of illegal covert operations by the Reagan-Bush White House, and both Bialkin and Safra—as well as the ADL—had surfaced as prominent players in the secret diplomacy with Khomeini's Iran and the illegal covert war against Nicaragua: • Bialkin had been the attorney for Adnan Khashoggi in arranging for the Saudi financier's purchasing of the original shipment of arms to Iran in exchange for the release of ah American hostage. •Bialkin's Willkie, Farr law partner in Geneva, Willard Zucker, had been the money handler for Oliver North and Richard Secord at Lake Resources, Inc. Earlier, Zucker had been Bialkin's Swiss point-man in the Vesco looting of IOS. •Another longtime Wall Street associate of Bialkin, Arthur Liman, had served as the chief counsel to the Senate Iran-Contra panel, which whitewashed the scandal and threw up major roadblocks to Walsh's independent counsel probe. •The ADL's Latin American Affairs director, Rabbi Morton Rosenthal, had authored a report labeling the Sandinista regime in Nicaragua as "antr-Semitic" 50 ADL-AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA and urging all American Jews to back the Reagan administration's secret war in Central America. •Carl Gershman, who cut his political teeth working as a full-time staffer at the ADL's Fact Finding (dirty tricks) Division in the late 1960s, was made the head of the Reagan administration's National Endowment for Democracy (NED), which was the primary funding conduit for the entire Contra effort. •Edmund Safra had been direcdy involved in the logistics of the Iran-Contra operations through his Republic Corporate Air front company, which he jointly owned with Willard Zucker. According to news accounts, it was one of Safra's airplanes that brought Ollie North and Robert McFarlane to Teheran in the spring of 1986 bn their last ill-feted effort at an armsfor- hostage deal. The Newsday story also intersected an escalating war of words between Safra and Amex Chairman James Robinson III. Safra had quit as Amex's international banking head a few years after he had merged his Trade Development Bank into the Bialkin-made mega-firm. With a four-year, non-competition clause now expired, Safra had launched a raid on some of Amex's top employees and private banking clients in preparation for the launching of a new private bank in Switzerland. Amex fought back and the whole sordid affair landed before a federal judge in civil court in New York. Kenneth Bialkin, still representing Amex, hammered out an out of court settlement which included a published apology to Safra and a payment by Amex of $1 million to each of four of Safra's favorite "charities." The ADL was on the top of the list of beneficiaries. ADL AND THE OPIUM WAR AGAINST AMERICA 51 It was a classic case of ADL sleight of hand, Amex delivered an "apology" to Safra, "exonerating" Safra of any alleged drug money laundering, even though nobody ever challenged the authenticity of either the DEA's Berne memo or the Newsday story! The New York Times and all the major Wall Street-linked news media dutifully ran the Amex mea culpa, and the ADL waltzed off with a cool million bucks in tax-exempt funds. In the meantime, the ADL was busy on a dozen other fronts, helping to fuel the speculative frenzy that would drive the U.S. economy into the ground by the end of the 1980s. Wide World Convicted insider trader Michael Milken, who has close ADL ties, used a network of "corporate raiders" to launder money through his junk bond schemes. 52 4 The ADL and the Junk Bond Bandits Rip Off America In the autumn of 1991, attorney Alan Dershowitz, who had been hired by junk bond king Michael Milken to get him out of jail, purchased an ad in the New York Times to denounce a new book on Milken as "anti- Semitic." The book, Den of Thieves by James B. Stewart, the front-page editor of the Wall Street Journal, detailed the massive and consistent criminality of Milken's operation at Drexel Burnham. In his book, Stewart cut through the myth of Milken as a financial genius, showing instead that much of his "success" was due to illegal acts which preyed upon both those who invested their money with Drexel's brokers, and on the U.S. economy as a whole. The attempt by Dershowitz to dismiss Milken's criminality by alleging that he was the victim of an "anti- 53 54 ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA Semitic cabal" was vintage ADL; In much the same way that the League cut its teeth defending Lower East Side gangsters against the crackdown by New York City Police Commissioner Theodore Bingham by libeling the commissioner as an unrepentant "anti-Semite," Dershowitz and other ADL mouthpieces branded Milken's accusers with the same devastating label. The Dershowitz defense of Milken let slip a very important secret: Milken and his Wall Street allies had replaced the pinstripe-suited and machinegun-toting gangsters of Prohibition as the lions of organized crime. It was Meyer Lansky's dream come true: to insulate his organized crime successors as "untouchables" byputting them in the driver's seat of the U.S. economy. And the ADL was on hand every step along the way; Recycling Narco-Dollars When Milken, fresh out of the Wharton School of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, first presented his theories on the profitability of high-yield bonds (also known as junk bonds) to skeptical traders at Drexel Burnham in the early 1970s, he found few takers. After the dual shocks of Nixon's August 1971 order severing the remaining link between the dollar and gold, and Kissinger's 1973 oil hoax, Wall Street was looking for stability, and the major investment firms were quite conservative in their investments. The 1976 election of Jimmy Carter, however, initiated a process of economic degeneration that led to many changes in how Wall Street conducted its business, changes which cleared the way for Milken and his allies to unleash their financial experiments on the nation. Already, the stage had been set by the mid-1970s' ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA 55 Kissinger-engineered oil hoax, which led to skyrocketing petroleum prices and a flood of what came to be known as "petro-dollars" into the American banking system. The "petro-dollars" of the seventies paved the way for the narco-dollar invasion of the 1980s. The appointment of Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in 1979 was a watershed in the process of opening the U.S. economy for wholesale looting. Volcker raised interest rates to the highest sustained levels in U.S. history. These high interest rates squeezed bank profits even further, as the cost of borrowing money from the Fed went through the roof. The only solution to this crisis, most bankers concluded, was to deregulate the banking system and thereby transform it into the newest safe haven for illegal cash. By the time Congress passed the Garn-St Germain Act in 1982, the U.S. banking system had been completely opened to foreign flight capital, and banks and savings and loan institutions ( S&Ls ) were given the green light for the first time ever to invest directly in real estate, junk bonds, and many other speculative ventures which had been previously prohibited. One big advocate of total deregulation was then- Vice President George Bush, who was the chairman Of President Reagan's blue ribbon task force on deregulation. Under his and Volcker's direction, most antitrust legislation was struck down, thus allowing the huge mergers and takeovers of the 1980s to occur, with funds raised by Milken's networks. Milken and Junk Bonds With Volcker at the Fed running interference for the drug bankers, and with deregulators in the Executive 56 Branch striking down protective regulations in conjunction with their congressional allies, the doors were opened for bringing the offshore drug profits back into the United States. And it was Michael Milken and his domination over the junk bond market which provided the mechanism by which the funds would be laundered. Junk bonds offered an ideal way to repatriate drug money and other illicit funds. From his promotion of junk bonds in the mid-1970s, Milken built up a network of "corporate raiders" around him, many of whom had organized crime connections. They had excess dollars, money which they used initially to buy real estate, restaurants, casinos, and other cash-based businesses ideally suited for washing money. However, as the drug trade flourished, these traditional means of laundering money became inadequate. They needed bigger, more expensive targets. Again, it was Milken who provided these targets. During a brainstorming session with the brass at Drexel Burnham, Milken won over CEO Fred Joseph to the idea of using junk bonds to fund corporate takeovers. The same raiders who had been purchasing junk bonds could use their money to take over large corporations, especially corporations with a large cash flow, such as food, beverage, and tobacco companies. Milken would sell junk bonds to part of his network of raiders, who would use their illicit funds to purchase the junk bonds. The money raised from the sale of the junk bonds would provide the funds for another raider to buy the company. Then, the new owner could mix in (i.e., launder) further drug revenues with the cash flow of his newly purchased company. ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA 57 One assistant U.S. attorney who has been building cases against money laundering for years, said that this process makes it very difficult to trace the initial funds. "To start with," he said, "these transactions [the takeovers] are very difficult to follow. But when you start using companies with heavy cash flows, which are ideal for money laundering, it becomes almost impossible." U.S. tax laws also favored use of junk bond sales for takeovers. Under provisions of the corporate tax code, interest paid on debt is deductible, while dividends received from stock holdings are not The tax laws favor those raiders who take over firms through generating huge debt responsibilities, while penalizing those who act to increase profits through investments which increase productivity. Huge tax liabilities were thus evaded through the debt-backed takeovers financed through junk bonds. In addition to his network of raiders, who to a man enjoyed long-term relationships with the ADL, Milken's operation could not have succeeded without the aid of the finest lawyers dirty money could buy. While there were many firms which offered they help, three stand out and all three are deep into the ADL circuit: • Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison. Founder Seymour Rifkind served as an adviser to one of Milken's leading raiders, Ronald Perelman. Rifkind was counsel to the Golding family, which Perelman married into. The grandfather of Perelman's first wife Faith Golding, was a founder of the ADL's Sterling National Bank. Rifkind joined the board of Perelman's company MacAndrew & Forbes, which he used as a vehicle to take over Pantry Pride and Revlon, two of the country's largest consumer-goods outfits. 58 ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA Rifkind was also on the board of Revlon, even while it was being targeted by Perelman. Rifkind protege Arthur Liman would serve on Milken's defense team following his 1989 indictment for insider trading. Liman joined the Milken team fresh from a stint as chief counsel to the House of Representatives' Iran-Contra panel, in which capacity he helped cover up the ADL's pivotal role in that covert criminal program. ■ Skadden Arps, Slate, Meagher and Flom. Senior partner Joseph Flom has been at the center of every major takeover during the 1970s and 1980s. According to Connie Brack, author of Predator's Ball, and a leading expert on takeovers, Flom and Martin Iipton of Wachtell, Lipton "virtually had created the takeover business in the seventies." Anyone looking for a takeover target hired either Flom or Upton; those firms which became targets would hire the other one for "protection." According to one prosecutor who worked on the Wall Street fraud cases in the late 1980s, "these two law firms were just like the 'insurance business' run by the mob—if you don't get insurance by hiring one of them, you might get targeted." Mob lawyer and former ADL National Chairman Kenneth Bialkin joined Skadden Arps in 1988. • Wachtell, Lipton. Milken's Monsters Once George Bush's task force eliminated the regulatory measures which had protected American enterprises and corporations from sharks and looters, and with teams of lawyers in place to defend them, it was time for Milken to unleash his raiders. ADL JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA 59 During the decade of the 1980s, more than $1.5 trillion was diverted into corporate takeovers and leveraged buyouts (LBOs). Of this amount, more than $60 billion went direcdy into the pockets of the investment bankers, the "dealmakers" (i.e., the "raiders"), and their attorneys. Henry Kravis, one of the leading dealmakers of the 1980s, exploited his close ADL ties to raise money for the takeover antics of his firm, Kohlberg Kravis & Roberts (KKR). Once Drexel Burnham decided to use junk bonds to finance takeovers, the Kravis-Milken connection was a natural. Milken and his raider networks provided billions of dollars to help finance KKR's takeovers. Henry Kravis' KKR was created in 1976 with $120,000. By 1990, it had borrowed $58 billion from banks, S&Ls, insurance companies and pension funds, to take over more than 35 companies, While cousins Henry Kravis and George Roberts are now worth more than $500 million each, the firms they took over have been loaded up with debt, threatening the investments made by S&Ls, insurance companies, and pension funds. To pay this debt, the firms were asset-stripped, and forced to close down factories, throwing hundreds of thousands of people onto unemployment lines. Many of these deals resulted in bankruptcies, forcing the federal government to cover the losses when the bankrupted firm was taken over, by borrowing from a federally insured bank, S&L or pension fund. While the new management created by the takeover was dismantling the company to pay the debt generated to buy it, the raiders came away with huge profits. Milken 60 ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA alone received a $550 million bonus from Drexel in 1986, and he doled out another $150 million in bonuses to his team. Working hand in hand with Milken in the looting of America were a collection of figures with close links to both organized crime apd the ADL Collectively, they were given the name "Milken's Monsters" by one of their most notorious members, Meshulam Riklis. Riklis, the front man for the ADL's "Minneapolis Mafia," had been the middle-man in the Vesco-Bialkin takeover of Investors Overseas Service, The Monsters were Milken's first followers, those who saw in his promotion of junk bonds the means by which they could launder funds, while simultaneously generating the leverage to take over major corporations, which would further facilitate their laundering. Many of them began by purchasing insurance companies, which in turn became major purchasers of junk bonds. In the early stages of Milken's ascendancy, the Monsters routinely passed funds back and forth among themselves, buying issues of junk bonds offered by each other's insurance companies. This first group of Monsters included: • Carl Lindner, who took over Cincinnati's Provident Bank in 1966. He then acquired Great American, a property and casualty insurance company, which operated as a subsidiary of the financial holding company American Financial Corp. In 1974, when Lindner was just beginning his relationship with Milken, he was under investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for violating anti-fraud and anti-manipulation regulations. We have already encountered Lindner as the United Brands owner who joined with Edmund Safra in staking ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA 61 out the biggest claims in Amex. Lindner and his "Purple Gang" partner Max Fisher literally took over United Brands over the dead body of CEO Eli Black, who mysteriously fell or jumped out of a window of the Pan Am building in New York City, while in the midst of fighting the Lindner grab. Black's son, Leon Black, was placated by a lucrative job as one of Milken's top allies, as a "strategic planner" at Drexel. It was Leon Black who in 1979 helped Milken convince Drexel CEO Fred Joseph that Drexel should use its clout from junk bonds to back the raiders in takeovers. Black said the raiders are the "robber barons of the future... [T]hese are the guys who are building empires." Lindner soon became Drexel's biggest client, in both trading and corporate finance. He was represented by Peter Fishbein of Kaye, Scholer, a law firm which serves as official outside counsel to the ADL's Sterling Bank. Fishbein has been an ADL officer since 1970. In 1992, federal regulators banned Fishbein from ever having any dealings with banks or any other financial institutions, as the result of a probe that linked him and the law firm to a coverup of S&L looting by Lincoln Savings and Loan's Charles Keating. • Saul Steinberg, who started a computer leasing business, Leasco, in 1961, shortly after graduation from college. He was backed up in his early takeovers by Sanford Weill, a leader of Wall Street's "New Crowd" who was named ADL's Man of the Year in 1981. Weill's lawyer at the time was the ADL's next national chairman, Kenneth Bialkin. With Weill's backing, Steinberg took over Reliance Insurance Co., which he used to make a play for New York's Chemical Bank in 1969. 62 ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA After taking over Reliance, Steinberg brought in Bialkin's law firm, Willkie, Farr and Gallagher to represent it The Saul Steinberg Foundation is also represented by Bialkin's firm. It donates heavily to the ADL. • Mesbulam Riklis, who spent much of the 1970s under investigation by the SEC and U.S. Customs Service narcotics officials. Riklis used Rapid American, a conglomerate which included International Playtex, Schenley Industries, Lerner Shops, and RKO-Stanley Warner Theatres, to finance his raids. Shortly after Riklis took, Rapid American private, Lindner and Steinberg followed suit, with American Financial and Reliance respectively. The Riklis Family Foundation has contributed heavily to the ADL, according to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) documents. • Laurence Tisch, whose insurance company CNA was a frequent investor in junk bonds issued by Milken. His Tisch Foundation has provided funds for the ADL. Lindner, Steinberg, Riklis, and Tisch all invested heavily in each other's offerings. For example, Carl Lindner, through American Financial, was the second largest shareholder in Steinberg's Reliance and in Tisch's Loews Corp., as well as a major shareholder in Riklis' Rapid American. When Milken needed to raise funds, any one of these four could be counted on for quick bucks. The Monsters Unleashed There were others from the same organized crime networks who joined the Monsters. Victor Posner, who operates out of rundown offices in Miami Beach, made a fortune in real estate in the 1930s and 1940s. Like many of the oldtimers in the Milken-ADL stable, he, too, was reputed to have been a financial partner of Meyer Lansky. ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA 63 Posner, who like Meshulam Riklis engaged in "creative financing" before hooking up with Milken, was forced to sign a consent decree with the SEC over allegations that he misused pension funds from Sharon Steel, a firm he looted in the 1970s. Ronald Perelman, another of Milken's raiders, has deep ties to the ADL Perelman married Faith Golding, whose grandfather founded Sterling National Bank. Mac- Andrews & Forbes was the vehicle used by Perelman to take over Pantry Pride, with financing from Milken. He then used Pantry Pride to take over Revlon, financed again by Milken, and -advised by Skadden Arps' Joe Flom. With the same network of advisers and some inside political help, Perelman was able to take advantage of the S&L asset giveaway known as the Southwest Plan, in which he received the assets of six shut down Texas S&Ls for a nominal fee, while receiving a $900 million tax credit to cut his liabilities from the Revlon takeover. When Perelman divorced Golding, his lawyer was mob attorney Roy Cohn. Up until he died of AIDS in the late 1980s, Cohn maintained intimate, behind the scenes ties to the ADL According to internal ADL documents, Cohn was never placed on the League's directorate out of fear that the ADL would lose the financial backing of many prominent ex-Communists, who still detested Cohn for his antics during the 1950s Joe McCarthy Red Purges. Another of Milken's raiders was Nelson Peltz, who bankrupted his family's frozen food business and was personally close to bankruptcy when he obtained Milken's backing to take a 9.5% share of Sterling Bancorp in 1980. Next, Milken helped Peltz and partner Peter May with a takeover of Triangle Industries, which they 64 ADL, JUNK BOND BANDITS RIP OFF AMERICA then used to leverage a $456 million bid for National Can, financed completely by junk bond sales by Milken. In these cases, and hundreds more, Milken provided the financing by which the raiders took over corporate America. With almost unlimited funds, Milken bragged to an associate, "We're going to tee-up GM, Ford, and IBM. And make them cringe." Milken's confidence came from the knowledge that behind all his investment wizardry stood a pool of nearly $6.25 trillion—the gross profits of the international dope trade from 1978-1990. Milken never owned up to his sources of capital. At the peak of his power, he would simply dash off "highly confident letters" informing takeover targets that he would be able to generate whatever amount of liquidity would be needed to buy out their companies. Milken's other source of confidence was his deep connection to the ADL. Milken believed that by pouring money into the League's coffers, he would be forever "untouchable." In 1987, for example, the Milken Family Fund gave $28,000 to the ADL Foundation-Christian Rescuers Project, and $10,250 to the ADL Foundation, in addition to a grant to the ADL of $344,000. The same foundation gave the ADL $29,000 in 1990. The Capital Foundation, also under Milken's control, approved $1,245 million to the ADL for "future payment" in the year ending Nov. 30, 1989. Library of Congress At a Ku Klux Klan meeting, circa 1915, candidates for membership are received. 66 5 Colluding With Terrorists In December 1985, then-FBI Director William Webster, speaking at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C, admitted that a "Jewish underground" had emerged as a serious terrorist threat to the United States during the preceding twelve months. Indeed, over the course of 1985, the Jewish Defense League (JDL) had been responsible for a string of sophisticated bombings that left two people dead, a dozen others seriously wounded, and caused millions of dollars in property damage. Alex Odeh, the head of the California branch of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee (AADC), had been killed when, a bomb went off at the group's Santa Ana office. Seven other people were hospitalized in the attack. Tscherim Soobzokov, a victim of the Justice 67 68 COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS Department's Nazi-hunting Office of Special Investigations (OSI), had also died when a booby trap bomb blew up his home in Paterson, N.J. A Boston police officer, responding to a JDL bomb threat at the local office of AADC, was crippled for life when a pipe bomb blew up as he was attempting to defuse it. In each of these instances, the bomb attacks have been preceded by noisy public demonstrations and inflammatory press statements by Mordechai Levy, the leader of a JDL splinter group, the Jewish Defense Organization (JDO). Although FBI boss Webster left his National Press Club audience with the impression that the so-called "Jewish underground" was a mysterious and amorphous outfit about which the FBI had little information, in truth, the Bureau had an exhaustive profile of the key personnel and their mode of operation. FBI agents on the scene of the Santa Ana, Calif. murder of Alex Odeh knew the identities of the three men who planted the bomb before Odeh's body was even removed from the murder scene. The killers were longtime JDL members Andy Green, Keith Fuchs and Bob Manning The American-born trio were residents of an Israeli kibbutz in the occupied territories called Kiryat Arba. Kiryat Arba was a training camp and safehouse for the JDL and its Israeli affiliate, the Kach Party. The FBI listed Fuchs, Green and Manning as suspects in a total of 25 terrorist attacks inside the United States. Fuchs had been jailed in Israel in 1983 for firing a Sovietmade AK-47 rifle at a busload of Arabs on the West Bank. Manning had served time in jail in the United States for bombing the home of an Arab-American activist When the three JDLers arrived in Los Angeles several days COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS 69 before the Odeh murder, they were already under FBI surveillance. It's no wonder that FBI Director Webster was not anxious to discuss details with the room full of reporters at the National Press Club. The Bureau had been in a position to prevent the bombing of the Santa Ana AADC office and they had flubbed it. Or worse? At the same time that the "Jewish underground" was conducting its bombing spree from coast to coast, the FBI was relying increasingly on the ADL for information about extremist groups! This was the same ADL that would join with the KGB and the East German Stasi in covering the trail of the assassins of Sweden's head of state, Olof Palme. Even more to the point, this was the same ADL that was instrumental in the creation and deployment of such diverse terrorist groups as the JDL and the Ku Klux Klan! According to Robert Friedman, the biographer of JDL founder Rabbi Meir Kahane, the militant Jewish group was controlled from its founding days by a secret three-person committee made up of future Israeli Prime Minister and Mossad operations chief Yitzhak Shamir, right-wing Israeli parliamentarian Geula Cohen, and Brooklyn ADL Chairman Bernard Deutch. It was at a December 1969 meeting between Cohen and Kahane, arranged by Deutch, that the JDL launched its campaign of terror and intimidation against Soviet diplomats in New York and Washington, aimed at forcing the Soviets to loosen up their emigration laws for Jews. In the early days, before JDL head Kahane hooked up with mobster Joe Colombo, and many JDLers began funding their terrorist operations by selling dope or running 70 COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS syndicate shakedown operations, ADL man Deutch had been the moneybags behind the Jewish militants. Deutch's involvement with the JDL was such a well-kept secret that his Kahane links remained virtually unknown until 1991. Just as the B'nai B'rith had quietly steered other Jewish-American groups to smuggle arms into Russia on the eve of the Bolshevik Revolution, the ADL ran the "Jewish underground" from behind the scenes, often going through the motions of publicly denouncing the JDL violence to make sure that no direct links were ever surfaced. ADL's 'Ku Klutz Klanners' Mordechai Levy, the leader of the JDL splinter group that managed to show up on the doorsteps of Alex Odeh and Tscherim Soobzokov on the eves of their assassinations, maintained direct and frequent contact with the ADL's Fact Finding Division head, Irwin Suall. Just two weeks before the AADC's Washington, D.C. office was blown upon Nov. 29,1985, Levy had appeared as the featured speaker at a press conference hosted by the Federation of Jewish Organizations of Greater Washington, an umbrella group led by both the ADL and B'nai B'rith, to present a list of "enemies of the Jewish people." AADC was among the groups listed. On more than one occasion, Levy's provocateur antics nearly exposed the ADL's hand in fomenting domestic violence. On Feb. 16, 1979, Levy, using the pseudonym "James Guttman," filed an application with the U.S. Park Service in Philadelphia, Pa. to obtain permission to hold COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS 71 a rally. The rally permit sought by Levy/Guttman was not filed in the name of the JDL. Levy was posing as a leader of the American Nazi Party, seeking a permit for a Ku Klux Klan and Nazi Party rally at Independence Hall, the site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. According to the rally permit, Levy was planning a "white power rally, to show white masses unity of white race, and to show the world niggers and Jews are cowards." Among the paraphernalia Levy listed on the application were: "swastikas, banners, Nazi uniforms, KKK paraphernalia ... will burn cross, swastika picket signs saying 'Hitler was right—gas commie Jews.'" Working out of the Philadelphia offices of the Jewish Defense League, Levy organized local chapters of the KKK and neo-Nazi groups to attend the Independence Hall rally. In the case of the Trenton, N.J. KKK, Levy had an inside track. James Rosenberg, also known as "Jimmy Mitchell" and "Jimmy Anderson"—a full-time paid employee of the ADL Fact Finding Division—had successfully infiltrated the local chapter of the Klan. Rosenberg had recently attempted unsuccessfully to get some of the local KKKers to blow up the Trenton headquarters of the National Association for the Adr vancement of Colored People (NAACP). At the same time he was posing as "James Guttman," neo-Nazi, Levy was also mobilizing the Jewish community and every ragtag left-wing radical group in the greater Philadelphia area to attend a mass demonstration "to confront" the KKK and Nazis at Independence Hall. All the ingredients were there for a serious riot—courtesy of the ADL. Fortunately, word of Levy's scam on the Park Service leaked out to the Philadelphia press. After one Philadel72 COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS phia newspaper ran a banner headline "Nazi Rally-Rouser Really Jewish," the Park Service yanked the permit Levy's ADL handlers ordered him to lay low for a while. After all, there was no need to jeopardize Levy or even Rosenberg's standing as professional agents provocateur inside the racist right-wing. The ADL had plenty of other aces up their sleeves, and not all of them were Jewish infiltrators. Goodman, Cheney, Schwerner— and the ADL • One of the most shocking instances of racist violence during the civil rights battles in the South of the U.S. during the 1960s was the execution-style murders of three civil rights workers in Philadelphia, Miss. in 1964. The murders of Andrew Goodman, Robert Cheney and Mitchell Schwerner sent shock waves across America and the world, as many people began to realize for the first time that the Confederacy, far from being dead, was very much alive and very much committed to rolling back the tide of equal rights for all races—at least in the Deep South. True to its historical roots in the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite Freemasonry and in the original Confederate secessionist plot, the ADL—contrary to its own published propaganda—lined up squarely with the Klan where it counted the most: with its checkbook. One particularly sordid instance of collusion between the ADL and the KKK came to light in a hail of bullets on the night of June 30, 1968 in Meridian, Miss., outside the home of ADL official Meyer Davidson. When the smoke cleared, a local schoolteacher named Kathy Ainsworth lay dead, and a second man, COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS 73 Thomas A. Tenants III, lay dying after being hit with over 70 bullets fired by 22 local police and FBI agents. Miraculously, Terrants survived the attack. Terrants and Ainsworth, both local Klan members, had been set up. They went to Davidson's home that night to plant a bomb on his doorstep, not knowing that the leader of their own KKK chapter had betrayed them, and that a small army of police and FBI sharpshooters was waiting in the bushes to ambush them. The entire affair had been staged by the ADL. The agent provocateur inside the local KKK chapter who set up Terrants and Ainsworth was one of the killers of Goodman, Cheney and Schwerner. Alton Wayne Roberts was out on bail awaiting his trial, along with six other members of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, for the Philadelphia, Miss, murders when, in the early spring of 1968, he cut a deal with the ADL's regional director, Adolph Botnick. The New Orleans-based Botnick had been a longstanding friend of the late Guy Bannister, the former FBI special agent implicated by District Attorney Jim Garrison in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Botnick, with the blessings of Meridian-based FBI Special Agent Frank Watts and Meridian police detective Luke Scarborough, agreed to pay Alton Wayne Roberts and his brother Raymond Roberts $69,000 to become the League's paid agents provocateur. $25,000 in unmarked twenty-dollar bills was hand-delivered from New Orleans to the Roberts brothers just days before the Ainsworth-Terrants ambush. At the time the deal was struck, the White Knights, led by the two Roberts brothers, had been on a ninemonth bombing spree. The brothers were prime sus74 COLLUDING WITH TERRORISTS pects in ten separate acts of racist violence, in addition to the Philadelphia murders. Three of these attacks were directed against synagogues and Jewish leaders in Mississippi. The Roberts brothers, as per their deal with Botnick, ordered two of their Klan underlings to deliver the bomb to Davidson's home. They then tipped off the FBI and the local police about the exact time the attack would occur. In return for their continuing services to the ADL after the Davidson incident, the brothers were given slap on the wrist sentences and placed in the FBI's witness protection program. For his part in the Goodman, Cheney and Schwerner murders, Alton Wayne Roberts spent less than three years in jail. The Meridian incident was classic ADL. The League used the "racist attack" against Meyer Davidson as a scare tactic fundraising ploy. The money they raised more than covered the costs of buying up the two KKKers as their permanent agents provocateur inside the Klan. The League parlayed their financing of the Roberts brothers into an ever-closer relationship with the FBI, which was delighted to have the ADL finance and deploy two of the Klan's most violent terrorists. EIRNS/Carlos de Hoyos Whiskey baron Edgar Bronfman, the ADL's "friend of Moscow." 76 6 In Bed With Communist Dictators and Spies On the day in November 1985 that Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard was arrested, things went haywire at the ADL's headquarters near United Nations Plaza in New York City. National Chairman Kenneth Bialkin immediately flew off to Israel to assess the damage and to make arrangements for the appropriate American attorneys to be brought in to represent not only the jailed spy, but the other, more senior players in the nominally Israeli spy ring. Among the most important of those senior players was Col. Aviem Sella, an Israeli Air Force war hero who had been Pollard's recruiter on behalf of the secret Israeli techno-spy unit, Lekem. Sella's cover for his spy recruiting was that he was in the United States taking graduate courses at New York 77 78 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES University; and Sella's wife Ruth, a practicing attorney, reportedly was working on the staff of the ADL's legal department while the couple lived in New York. Any published links between the ADL and life Pollard spy apparatus could naturally prove very damaging, especially in light of the cozy relationship the League was enjoying with the Reagan White House at the time. While still in Israel, Bialkin telephoned fellow ADL man Leonard Garment of the politically powerful law firm of Dickstein, Shapiro. Garment was then the personal lawyer for U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese. He agreed at Bialkin's urging to represent Sella in the Pollard matter, despite the obvious, severe conflict of interest. At the ADL's Washington, D.C. office, Mira Lansky Boland was also undoubtedly worried that her own links to Pollard might surface. Lansky Boland had been a classmate and pal of Pollard at the graduate school program in national security affairs at the Fletcher School of Diplomacy of Tufts University in Cambridge, Mass. Upon graduation in 1978, both Lansky and Pollard had been immediately placed into sensitive posts in the U.S. intelligence community. Pollard had gone into Naval intelligence and had almost immediately begun funneling secrets to Israel.Lansky Boland had gone to work for the Central Intelligence Agency. After a two-year stint with the CIA, she had transferred to the Pentagon, where she worked under Dr. Andrew Marshall at the Office of Net Assessments, a little known but powerful unit that prepared technical assessments of Soviet military capabilities. In 1982, Lansky had left the government to work full-time for the ADL in Washington. Shortly after her arrival at the ADL from the PentaIN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 79 gon, she was assigned as the case officer on the- League's multi-million dollar campaign to smear and jail Lyndon LaRouche and scores of his associates. Following the Pollard arrest, Andrew Marshall would be identified as a suspected senior member of the Pollard spy ring, although no charges were ever brought against him and he remains to this day in his post at the Defense Department To this day, Pentagon officials have never succeeded in pinning down the identity of the "Mr. X" who gave Pollard the code numbers of the classified documents that the Naval intelligence analyst then stole and passed on to Lekem. Both Pollard and Lansky had gotten their government spy jobs courtesy of Fletcher School professor Uri Ra'anan. Ra'anan, an Oxford University-trained Middle East expert, had himself been an Israeli government intelligence operative, posted in New York City and Washington during the 1950sand 1960s. While serving as a "press attache" at the Israeli embassy in Washington in the mid-1960s, Ra'anan had helped set up a unit that would recruit Israeli spies from the ranks of American businessmen traveling frequently tp the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. That spy unit, which was unearthed in a series of civil suits beginning in 1967, was housed at the headquarters of the B'nai B'rith International Ra'anan's eontact point inside the B'nai B'rith was Philip Klutznick an honorary national chairman of the ADL who would later serve as President Jimmy Carter's secretary of commerce. Among the damage control efforts launched by the ADL in the wake of the Pollard arrest was the planting of a string of news accounts and editorials portraying Pol80 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES lard as a loyal American who was also committed to the security of the state of Israel. Harmless, "friendly espionage" was the term coined by the League and its small army of paid agents inside the news media. Unfortunately, Pollard's spying Was anything but harmless or friendly. The Lekem unit, headed by the former chief of European operations for the Mossad, Rafael ("Dirty Rafi") Eytan, was passing on the most sensitive of the American national security secrets heisted by Pollard to the Soviet KGB. In return, Moscow was opening up the pipeline of Soviet Jews to Israel. It was treachery of the highest order, and then- Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger was fully aware of the magnitude of Pollard's crimes when he asked the judge to sentence Pollard to life in prison after the spy agreed to plead guilty. In a 46-page, classified affidavit submitted to the judge in the Pollard case, Weinberger showed that much of the Pollard material wound up in Soviet hands, and that it would cost the United States billions of dollars to repair the national security damage done by the Pollard spy ring. In fact, of the millions of pages of classified documents funneled by Pollard, to the KGB, a majority were of no critical interest to Israel at all. Whiskey for the Red Dictators Did Kenneth Bialkin or Mira Lansky Boland, or any of the other ADL officials who abetted Pollard in his spy work, know that the pilfered material was going to the KGB? The answer to that question has never been made public. To this day, only the players in the espionage operation know for sure. IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 81 However, it is unquestionably the case that at the same time the ADL was knee-deep in the Pollard stew, top ADL officials were working hand in glove with the Soviet bloc intelligence services on several other projects that would have devastating consequences for the United States. One such ADL "friend of Moscow" was whiskey baron Edgar Bronfman. The third-generation Bronfmans had successfully transformed their fathers' Prohibition-era bootlegging business into a "legit" whiskey empire, Seagram's. This transformation had been aided early on by the U.S. Treasury Department, which cut a deal with Sam and Abe Bronfman at the close of Prohibition, enabling them to pay several million dollars in "back taxes" in return for a whitewashing of their decade of big-time crimes. The Bronfman family came out of the deal as multimillionaires— with all their ties to the Lansky syndicate still intact Abner "Longie" Zwillman was not the only Prohibition- era gangster who profited from the old saw, "from rags to rackets to riches to respectability." By the 1950s, the Bronfmans' image had been so cleaned up that Edgar could marry into the "Our Crowd" Loeb family, and his sister Phyllis could marry Jean Lambert of the Belgian branch of the Rothschild clan. The Lambert family was the European connection in Drexel Burnham Lambert. However, image-polishing is one thing. Reality is another. As late as 1972, the Montreal, Canada Crime Commission had issued a report naming Mitchell Bronfman as a crime partner of one of the city's biggest gangsters, Willy Obront. The pair were implicated in dope smuggling. Willy and Mitchell owned a nightspot in the 82 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES middle of Meyer Lansky's turf in North Miami called the Pagoda North, which was a favorite hangout for Vito Genovese and other big-time hoodlums. Edgar Bronfman, for his part, sought out some very peculiar clientele for his family's whiskey business. In 1986, as the Pollard affair was playing out, one of Edgar Bronfman's assistants at the World Jewish Congress (Bronfman had taken over the WJC and turned it into an international arm of the ADL, on whose National Commission he sits) established ties to the brutal Communist regime in East Germany. Bronfman's Seagram's was made the exclusive distributor of booze to East Germany's ruling SED (Communist Party). In 1988, Edgar Bronfman himself traveled to East Berlin where he was the guest of honor of SED boss Erich Honecker and top party official Hermann Axen. On that trip, Bronfman vowed that he would personally arrange for the East German leader to make a state visit to Washington, D.C. to meet with President Ronald Reagan. Even one year later, with the Berlin Wall and East German Communism about to collapse, Edgar Bronfman was back in East Germany again, this time promising to marshal the resources of the World Jewish Congress and the ADL to block the reunification of Germany, which he dubbed a "sellout of socialism." In return for those efforts, Bronfman was given the highest civilian award offered by East Germany, the "People's Friendship Medal in Gold." Edgar's brother and business partner Charles was also a true friend of the Honecker dictatorship. As the head of the Canadian-East German Friendship Society, he was able to control all passports and visas between the two countries. IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 83 But there was much more to the Bronfman-East Germany liaison than a lucrative whiskey contract and a few medals. The Palme Affair On Feb. 28, 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was assassinated by a lone gunman on the streets of Stockholm. Just before his assassination, Palme was in the process of cracking down on Swedish arms dealers who were funneling guns to the Nicaraguan Contras and to the Iranian regime. The Iran-Contra scandal had not yet broken publicly and Palme's probe threatened to blow the lid on the entire covert program. Curiously, many of the guns being sold by the Swedes—with the collusion of Oliver North, CIA chief William Casey and the Israelis—were coming from East Germany and other Soviet bloc states. Was Palme in the process of unearthing a cynical East-West collusion, an even nastier reality buried beneath the then-unknown Irangate scandal? Had he inadvertently stumbled onto the trail of the ADL's own involvement in this demimonde of gun and drug dealing? The answer to that question was at least implicitly given within days of the Palme assassination, when the ADL joined with the KGB and the East German Stasi (state security service) in an effort to blame the Palme murder on Swedish associates of Lyndon LaRouche. ADL Fact Finding Division chief Irwin Suall, himself an Oxford University-trained active member of the Socialist International, personally flew to Stockholm to fuel the disinformation campaign linking LaRouche to the Palme murder. Soviet Ambassador Boris Pankin, a major general in 84 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES the KGB who specialized in planting disinformation in the Western press, directed the Soviet side of the "LaRouche killed Palme" hoax, while Georgii Arbatov, the head of the Soviet Academy of Science's U.SA.-Canada Institute, added his voice to those accusing LaRouche. Ultimately, the Soviet government-owned TV network aired an hour-long "docudrama" elaborating the LaRouche lie. The role of Edgar Bronfman's pals in the East German Stasi in the Palme coverup would not surface until three years later. However, back in August 1989, the Stockholm daily newspaper Expressen revealed that Swedish police had bugged the home of a resident KGB agent and had audiotape evidence that the man knew at least 24 hours before Palme's murder that the Prime Minister would be killed. The pivotal role of the Stasi in the Palme murder coverup was first revealed in the Aug. 20-26, 1992 edition of Journalisten, the magazine of the Swedish Journalists Association, which published ah interview with a former top Stasi officer named Herbert Brehmer. In that interview and in a series of subsequent Swedish nationwide radio broadcasts, Brehmer confessed that as an official of Department X (disinformation) of the Stasi, he had engineered the disinformation campaign blaming the European Labor Party (ELP), the Scandinavian affiliates of Lyndon LaRouche, for the Palme murder. Brehmer told Journalisten: "At my desk I drew up the outlines of how the ELP theory would be conduited into the Swedish police investigation. The plan was to have a national Swedish newspaper receive an anonymous telephone tip-off.... As an alternaIN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 85 tive, the information would go directly to one of the special tip-off phones made available by the police. The content would be along the lines that the caller 'knew that the ELP had committed the crime.' In addition, he or she had 'witnessed hectic activity in the ELP headquarters in the night.' Nothing was really true, but it sounded well-informed and credible." Indeed. The 1986 Stasi-manufactured disinformation was conduited into the U.S. media through the ADL. NBC-TV ran the story as a leading news item on their evening news broadcast, interviewing ADL official Suall as part of their coverage. Ultimately, the US. Justice Department would use the Palme disinformation to justify a massive paramilitary police raid against LaRouche's home and offices of his associates in Leesburg, Va. in October 1986. The ADL and the OSI The "LaRouche killed Palme" hoax was no isolated instance of Edgar Bronfman and the ADL teaming up with a Communist secret police agency to target a political enemy or ply a lucrative business scam. It was standard operating procedure. According to syndicated columnists Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, on Jan. 23, 1989 Bronfman hosted a secret meeting at his New York City penthouse to forge what the columnists dubbed a "Jews for grain" deal between the Soviet Union and Israel. Also present at the gathering was Dwayne Andreas, the chairman of the Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) grain cartel, and a longstanding ally and financial backer of the ADL. The Wall Street Journal had dubbed Andreas "Gorbachov's closest pal in the West." At congressional hearings, Andreas iden86 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES tified former ADL National Chairman Ben Epstein as the man who taught him all he knew about politics. The Bronfman-Andreas deal was straightforward: In return for vast quantities of dirt-cheap grain from ADM and other U.S.-based grain cartels, the Soviet government would permit the mass exodus of Soviet Jews to Israel. It was an updated version of the Pollard espionage affair, in which US. military secrets were swapped for controlled Soviet Jewish migration to Israel. The invariant in the two efforts was the central role of the ADL As part of the Bronfman-Andreas deal, the Soviet KGB teamed up with the ADL and Bronfman's World Jewish Congress (WJC) to foment a diplomatic breach between the Reagan administration and Austrian President Kurt Waldheim, the former secretary general of the United Nations, line KGB manufactured and the ADLWJC conduited phony evidence that Waldheim had been a top Nazi war criminal during World War II. U.S. Attorney General Ed Meese, still employing the legal services of ADL fellow traveler Leonard Garment, bit on the forged material and declared Waldheim persona non grata in the United States. The purpose of the smear job was to shut down Austria as a way-station for Soviet Jews coming out into the West. In the past, once Soviet Jews landed on Austrian soil, they were granted political refugee status, which then enabled them to settle in any country of their choosing. The majority either stayed in Western Europe or found their way to the United States. Very few went to Israel voluntarily. With Austria shut down, Bronfman and Gorbachov worked out alternative routes through Warsaw Pact states and eventually set up direct flights IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 87 from the Soviet Union to Israel, to ensure that the Soviet refugees had no choice as to where they would live. By the time Bronfman and Andreas forged their "Jews-for grain" deal with Gorbachov in early 1989, the ADL had just about perfected their use of forged KGB documents to smear the entire Eastern European community in the United States as closet wartime Nazis. As early as 1979, the ADL had played a pivotal role in getting legislation through the U.S. Congress establishing the Office of Special Investigations (OSI), a special Nazihunting unit inside the Criminal Division of the Justice Department. ADL asset Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman had sponsored the bill, which effectively stripped naturalized American citizens of Central European and Ukrainian descent of their constitutional rights by providing for automatic denaturalization and deportation without due process, if the OSI could produce evidence that they had been tied to the Nazis during World War II. And where did the lion's share of this evidence come from, 40 years after the end of World War II? From the Soviet archives! The ADL-sponsored OSI provided Moscow with a foot in the door to the American judicial system. For the first time ever, Soviet documents and witnesses were given fall standing in U.S. court proceedings, no questions asked: While a handful of the people targeted by, the ADL-OSI may have been low-level Nazi sympathizers or assets daring the war, many innocent people fell victim to the KGB's sophisticated forgers, courtesy of the ADL and their friends at the Justice Department's OSI: • Karl Linnas, falsely accused of Nazi collaboration, was stripped of his American citizenship and shipped off 88 IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES to the Soviet Unions where he died in a prison, reportedly from a heart attack. • Tscherim Soobzokov, accused of working with the Nazis in his native Belorussia, beat the OSI and even won a lucrative out-of-court libel suit against the New York Times. He was then murdered by a Jewish Defense League bomb attack on his Paterson, N.J. home in 1985. •Dr. Arthur Rudolph, a celebrated German-American rocket scientist who contributed greatly to America's space program, was falsely accused by the ADL and OSI of torturing Jews at the Peenemunde research facility in wartime Germany. Rather than lose his lifetime pension with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and throw his family into poverty, he renounced his U.S. citizenship and returned to West Germany. After a three-year probe based on the same evidence passed on by the East German and Soviet authorities to the OSI, West German prosecutors concluded that there was no evidence against Dr. Rudolph. •John Demjanjuk, a Ukrainian-American retired auto worker accused of being the Treblinka concentration camp mass-murderer "Ivan the Terrible," was stripped of his citizenship and hauled off to Israel to stand trial. It was the biggest show trial since the proceedings against Adolph Eichmann, broadcast in its entirety live on Israeli national television. Demjanjuk was convicted and sentenced to death by hanging. Through unflagging efforts by his family and friends, Demjanjuk eventually gathered evidence showing that the OSI had suppressed evidence proving that another man had been identified as the real "Ivan." The case is now pending before both the Israeli Supreme Court and the U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati, Ohio. IN BED WITH COMMUNIST DICTATORS AND SPIES 89 The ADL's liaison to OSI, Elliot Wells, in a signed letter to the editors of the Washington Post, demanded that Demjanjuk not be set free. Using the kind of stilted logic that would make the KGB blush, Wells argued that even if Demjanjuk is innocent of the Treblinka charges, he must be guilty of some other war crimes, and therefore should be held in custody until new evidence can be manufactured. EIRNS/Stuart Lewis EIRNS/Stuart Lewis Members of the Get LaRouche Task Force, top left to right: Irwin Suall, Kent Robinson; bottom left to right, Dennis King, Mira Lansky Boland. 90 7 Railroad! An early March 1986—within days of the assassination of Sweden's Prime Minister Olof Palme, ADL Fact-Finding department chief Irwin Suall was en route to Stockholm. An Oxford University-trained Fabian Socialist, Suall was the ADL's longtime top dirty trickster. Since 1978, with the publication of the book Dope, Inc, Suall's efforts had been almost obsessively focused against Lyndon LaRouche, the American political economist who had commissioned the anti-drug study published by EIR. Suall's trans-Atlantic voyage to Stockholm was in pursuit of that obsession. Working in tandem with the East German secret police (Stasi), the Soviet KGB, Swedish socialists and NBC-TV, Suall helped launch the disinformation cam- 91 92 RAILROAD! paign blaming LaRouche and his Swedish collaborators in the European Labor Party for the Palme assassination. Just as Suall's efforts were beginning to bear fruit with a series of "LaRouche killed Palme" smear stories in the U.S., Swedish and Soviet press, the ADL trickster was suddenly confronted with a major crisis: On March 16, 1986, two LaRouche-backed candidates— Mark Fairchild and Janice Hart—won the Illinois Democratic Party primary elections for lieutenant governor and secretary of state, respectively. The LaRouche candidates' victories were no fluke. LaRouche-backed candidates had been winning between 20-40 percent of the vote in Democratic primary elections in different parts of the country since the early 1980s. A leading Democratic Party pollster had written frantic messages to the Illinois state party chairman warning about a LaRouche upset months before the election. Not surprisingly, the upset victory by the LaRouche slate was electrifying. The Wall Street and Freemasonic circles who own the ADL were Shocked into action. Suall hurried back to New York City where he oversaw the preparation and mass distribution of a violent ADL smear sheet against LaRouche. Over the next few months, according to records of the Federal Election Commission, over 6,000 copies of the ADL libel—at a cost of at least $10,000-were circulated to every member of Congress, 1,580 news outlets and other government offices and opinion makers. Tens of thousands erf media attacks against LaRouche—branding him as everything from an anti-Semite, to a KGB agent, to a neo- Nazi to an international terrorist—were published in the United States alone. Among some anti-Zionist lobby and Third World-circles, the ADL even accused LaRouche of RAILROAD! 93 being a closet "mole" for the Israeli Mossad! The invariant in all the contradictory slanders conjured up by the ADL was to scare people away from the LaRouche political movement. The ADL smear campaign was a panicked and flagrant violation of its tax-exempt status. It was also a violation of FEC rules, which prohibit a tax-exempt organization from engaging in politicking. On June 16, 1987, the FEC officially acknowledged that the ADL action against LaRouche was illegal; but a few months later, the commissioners decided they would take no action against the League. The smear campaign was meeting with only modest political success, although it had a severe effect as financial warfare. LaRouche-Democrat candidates continued to do well. In 1988, Claude Jones, a longtime and well known LaRouche activist, was elected chairman of the Harris County, Texas Democratic Party, shortly after the Illinois victories. Harris County, which includes Houston, is one of the largest electoral districts in the United States, and a Democratic Party stronghold. Jones beat a powerful incumbent to take over the party posL The Washington Post in May 1986-summing up the consensus among the liberal establishment—editorialized that Lyndon LaRouche must be in jail, not on television, by the. time of the 1988 presidential elections. An Already Ongoing Frameup Effort On Oct. 6, 1986—less than seven months after the Illinois primary—400 federal, state and county police invaded the offices of the LaRouche-associated Campaigner Publications in Leesburg, Va. FBI and Virginia State Police special sniper units were backed up by a Loudoun 94 RAILROAD! County SWAT Team. Helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft and even an armored personnel carrier were held in reserve at a 4-H fairground a short distance from the farm where Lyndon LaRouche and his wife were staying. in feet, recently disclosed government documents demonstrate Pentagon involvement in the Leesburg raid—specifically the Special Operations unit of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The mobilization of an invasion force larger than that used in Grenada in September 1983 to serve two search warrants and four arrest warrants, was not the result of over-zealous planning. Since no later than 1982, Irwin Suall, Mira Lansky Boland (the Jonathan Jay Pollardlinked CIA agent-turned ADL dirty trickster) and an army of other ADL agents and assets had been engaged in a systematic campaign to sic the government on LaRouche. By the time the raid took place, the govermnent raiding party had been so jacked up by ADL disinformation that they were expecting to run into a terrorist armed camp that would make the Irish Republican Army green with envy. The March 1986 Illinois upset victory provided the ADL and its collaborators in what became known as the Get LaRouche Strike Force with the opportunity and motive to go all-out. How did it work? Since the spring of 1982, according to the ADL's own published accounts, Suall and company were closely collaborating with Henry Kissinger, the former U.S. secretary of state, and longtime LaRouche hater. In August 1982, Kissinger wrote to then-FBI Director William Webster the first of a series of personal letters demanding that the FBI move to shut down the LaRouche political movement. In a subsequent, more detailed note RAILROAD! 95 in November, Kissinger's attorney lied that LaRouche had foreign intelligence ties—a lie calculated to activate government "active measures" under the guidelines of Executive Order 12333. E.O.12333, signed by President Ronald Reagan in December 1981, gave the CIA, the FBI and the Pentagon intelligence services broad latitude to investigate and disrupt groups suspected of working for hostile foreign governments. In January 1983, Kissinger's allies on the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) made a formal request for such an active measures campaign against LaRouche. The FBI, operating through Judge Webster and Oliver "Buck" Revell, quickly launched such an effort. Ironically, as the Kissinger-ADL wing of the national security and law enforcement apparatus of the federal government was activating its illegal war against LaRouche, President Reagan—with the backing of his national security adviser Judge William Clark, Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and other senior military and security advisers—was moving ahead with the Strategic Defense Initiative, a plan based on a concept advanced by LaRouche even before the Reagan administration came into office. According to court testimony in Roanoke, Va. by Richard Morris, Judge Clark's NSC security chief, LaRouche had worked with the Reagan White House on at least eight national security projects—including SDI—most of which are still classified to this day. Was this a case of the right hand not knowing what the left hand was doing? Hardly! The ADL and Kissinger were painfully aware pf LaRouche's growing influence within the Reagan administration, and they were out to 96 RAILROAD! break the rules to shut down all the LaRouche-Reagan ties. According to court testimony by the ADL's Mira Lansky Boland on May 24, 1990 in Roanoke, Va., she was an active participant from day one in the illegal government covert operation against LaRouche that led to the October 1986 raid, and a series of federal and state criminal prosecutions in Boston; New York City; Alexandria, Leesburg and Roanoke, Va.; and Los Angeles. The black propaganda aspect of that covert operation which we picked up in Stockholm at the beginning of this chapter was launched at an April 1983 meeting at the New York City office of Wall Street broker and self-styled intelligence agent John Train. Mira Lansky Boland was present at that secret meeting, representing the ADL. National Security Council consultant Roy Godson, a longtime ally of the ADL, was also present, along with a dozen journalists and editors from such organizations as NBC News, Reader's Digest, The New Republic and Business Week. A CIA funding conduit deeply involved in the secret Iran-Contra operations, the Smith Richardson Foundation, provided the cash for the orchestrated smear campaign against LaRouche. While much of the anti-LaRouche propaganda spewed out of NBC, The New Republic, the Wall Street Journal and Reader's Digest consisted of name-calling aimed at scaring off active and prospective LaRouche supporters, enough charges of "terrorism" and "international espionage" were thrown in to assure that federal and state prosecutors would be forced to maintain open investigative files and, eventually, to launch grand jury probes. The "kill phase" of the ADL-led dirty war against RAILROAD! 97 LaRouche was already well underway when the spring 1986 events in Illinois took place. Financial Warfare The ADL-John Train black propaganda campaign was not merely aimed at discouraging voters from pulling the levers for LaRouche candidates on election day. To successfully throw LaRouche in jail—or worse— the ADL set out to bankrupt the LaRouche publishing operations and turn some of LaRouche's own supporters and financial backers against him. Spending millions of dollars, and working with groups like the CIA-spawned Cult Awareness Network (CAN), ADL dirty tricksters targeted thousands of LaRouche campaign contributors, whose names, addresses and phone numbers were maintained in public files at the FEC. The ADL-CAN operators would contact relatives, financial advisers and friends of the LaRouche supporters, and literally subject them to scare-tactic behavior modification. The techniques used were often those developed in the secret laboratories of the CIA and the FBI for use against enemy prisoners of war and captured spies. Through these highly illegal actions, the ADL built up a profile list of weak and vulnerable people, many senior citizens, whose only "crime" was that they financially supported the legitimate political campaign activities of Lyndon LaRouche. The names of these targets were passed on to the Department of Justice's Get LaRouche Strike Force in a fashion reminiscent of the worst of the Nazi Gestapo operations. In May 1988, after 92 days of trial, the first federal prosecution of Lyndon LaRouche and a half-dozen of his associates came to a screeching halt when Boston Dis98 RAILROAD! trict Court Judge Robert Keeton declared a mistrial. Evidence of wild government misconduct—implicating Oliver North and Vice President George Bush—had disrupted the trial, so that the government wanted to be done with it. As press reports later showed, it had also convinced the jury that any criminal activity associated with the case had been committed by the government, not by Lyndon LaRouche. Prosecution claims of credit card fraud by LaRouche campaign fundraisers and publications salesmen had been thoroughly discredited. The collapse of the first government effort at framing up Lyndon LaRouche was a direct blow to the ADL. Mira Lansky Boland and Boston ADL official Sally Greenberg had been virtually integrated into the prosecution staff of Assistant U.S. Attorneys John Markham and Mark Rasch. Although suffering a bad setback in Boston, the ADLdriven prosecution strike force had already opened up a second front in its illegal drive to wipe out the LaRouche movement. In April 1987, Loudoun County, Va. Deputy Sheriff Don Moore, a Vietnam War Marine bunkmate of Ollie North and a secret paid agent of the ADL-CAN, wrote a patently false affidavit for federal prosecutors, claiming that LaRouche and company were getting ready to pick up stakes and go underground to avoid the pending federal prosecution and the prospect of paying large fines. The Moore affidavit was then used by then-U.S. Attorney Henry Hudson to induce a federal bankruptcy judge to order an involuntary bankruptcy against three LaRouche-identified companies, including two publications with a combined circulation of 250,000 readers. In a highly illegal "hearing" at which no stenographic records were made and where no attorneys representing RAILROAD! 99 the three entities were present, the judge was convinced to sign the seizure order. The next day, U.S. Marshals padlocked and seized the same offices that had been raided six months earlier. Three years later, the same federal bankruptcy court fudge, after a full trial of the bankrupty action, reversed his initial ruling and threw out the involuntary bankruptcy, ruling that the government had filed the petitions in "bad faith" and had committed "fraud upon the court." A higher court upheld that ruling, and the government chose not to appeal. Why appeal it? The damage had already been done! With the bankrupting of the LaRouche companies, federal prosecutors and FBI agents stepped in to advise thousands of LaRouche supporters that millions of dollars in loans they had made to those companies would not be paid—unless they cooperated with the government railroad of LaRouche. The claim that money would be paid back if the "victims" played ball with the government prosecutors was another Big Lie. Once the printing presses were shut down, and the publications discontinued under the government trustees, the companies were penniless. No money could be paid back—because the government had taken the viable, successful publishing operations and driven them into the ground: first, through intensive ADL propaganda branding LaRouche a monster, and next through the fraudulent bankruptcy proceeding itself. In the majority of cases, the LaRouche supporters knew it was the government, not LaRouche, that was behind the bankruptcy and their personal losses. The former supporters who did succumb to the government pressure tactics were invariably those whose families, 100 RAILROAD! bankers, friends, etc. were already sucked in by the ADLCAN dirty war. Government prosecutors admitted under oath that Mira Lansky Boland of the ADL had served as the "clearinghouse" for trial witnesses in all of the federal and state prosecutions of LaRouche and his associates. Lansky Boland worked from the outset with Don Moore, the Loudoun deputy sheriff who authored and signed the fraudulent bankruptcy affidavit. In September 1992, Don Moore was arrested by the FBI for his role in a plot to kidnap two LaRouche supporters. Moore was working for the ADL-allied Cult Awareness Network in the kidnapping scheme. That case is scheduled to go to trial at the end of 1992. When in December 1988, a federal jury in Alexandria, Va. convicted LaRouche and six associates on conspiracy fraud charges stemming from the government and ADL-instigated bankruptcies, Mira Lansky Boland was the only non-government official to attend the "victory party" at the prosecutors' office. The conviction had been won on the basis of a pretrial order by Judge Albert V. Bryan, Jr. forbidding defense attorneys from informing the jury that the government had been responsible for the bankruptcy. Back in 1987, Bryan had been the judge who initially upheld that bankruptcy action. At the sentencing of LaRouche and the others in January 1989, Judge Bryan boasted that Boston trial Judge Robert Keeton "owed him a cigar" for ensuring that LaRouche and the others were so quickly convicted and shipped off to prison. The jailing of LaRouche in what amounted to a thoroughly unjust life sentence did not end the ADL drive to destroy LaRouche and his political movement. The state RAILROAD! 101 of Virginia, as part of the ADL's Get LaRouche dirty war, had joined in the feeding frenzy by indicting over 20 LaRouche associates on state charges stemming from the identical bankruptcy scheme. In a series of trials in Roanoke, Va., the ADL was caught red-handed in a judge buying effort. State Judge Clifford Weckstein, a political protege of Virginia ADL chief Murray Janus and other top state ADL figures, was provided with a full collection of ADL smear sheets on LaRouche by the League; In a series of back and forth letters released by Weckstein in the trial of one of the LaRouche defendants, it was revealed that Janus and other local ADL officials had mooted they would back Weckstein for a seat on the Virginia State Supreme Court The implication that his handling of the LaRouche prosecutions would be crucial to his future career on the bench was apparently not lost on the judge. Michael Billington, a LaRouche associate who had already served over two years in federal prison as the result of the Alexandria federal case, Was sentenced by Weckstein to 77 years in state prison on patently phony loan fraud charges. EIRNS/Stuart Lewis Vandalism in a Mt. Airy, Md. cemetery may have been the work of a satanic cult. 102 8 The ADL Peddles the New Age In the summer of 1989, the entire world was reeling in shock and horror over the discovery of a satanic burial ground on a ranch in Matamoros, Mexico. Dozens of mutilated, cannibalized corpses were discovered. The grisly details of the kidnapping and human sacrifice of one of the cult's victims, Texas college student - Marie Kilroy, prompted Texas State legislators to draft a iaw stiffening the penalties for satanic ritualistic crimes, and making it a criminal offense to conduct certain occult rituals. The governor of Texas convened a special session of the legislature to get the bill passed. The ADL, while peddling bills all across the country that would make it a crime to think anti-Semitic thoughts, launched an all-out effort to defeat the Texas 103 104 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE crackdown on Satanic crimes, branding the bill "anti- Semitic"! In its jaded logic, the ADL claimed that, technically, the bill made it illegal for rabbis to perform circumcisions on infants. The vast majority of the Jewish community in Texas, including many leading rabbis, refused to buy into the ADL's twisted interpretation, and supported the bill. Some people began to smell a rat. And they were right. Not only has the League been an integral part of the organized crime structure that has wrecked America's youth through the peddling of drugs; but as a pivotal institution within the Scottish Rite Freemasonry Southern Jurisdiction, the ADL has been a part of the centuryold effort to paganize America under a variety of labels: "secular humanism," "new religions," and, most recently, "the New Age." Not surprisingly, as investigators probed the higher levels of the "New Age" plot, they found that the New York City Cathedral of St John the Divine, the headquarters of ADL patrons Bishop Paul Moore and Canon Edward West, was at the very center of the paganization effort. While nominally part of the Anglican-Protestant Episcopal persuasion, the Cathedral was actually the underground headquarters of the Luciferian movement in America. Killing the Judeo-Christian Tradition Since 1948, the ADL has devoted over one-third of its legal efforts to support activity that may rightfully be called "the plot to kill God." The ADL has filed dozens of amicus curiae (friend of the court) briefs in legal cases often settled by the U.S. Supreme Court, whose results THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 105 have included banning school prayer, banning released time for religious instruction, banning Christmas carols and spirituals, banning celebration of Judeo-Christian holidays, and most recently banning the Bible as unfit for the classroom; causing federal, state, and local governments to be "neutral" on religious issues, as well as compelling them to cease participation in any display of art associated with the Christian religion, whether during a religious holiday season or other time; and banning prayers in courtrooms, together with religious oaths for courts and government officials. While the ADL has concentrated upon uprooting the traditions of Western Christian civilization from public life-e.g. by throwing Christianity out the front door of schools—it has not protested as "New Age religion" has been ushered in the back door, now to permeate society. In fact, while condemning any manifestation of Christianity at every turn, the ADL has used First Amendment arguments in court and elsewhere to defend witchcraft and peyote (an hallucinogen derived from a type of cactus) cults. The ADL has not acted alone in this drive to "paganize" America. It has enjoyed the assistance erf some friends in very high places, including the highest court in the land. It began in earnest on Feb. 10, 1947, when Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black rendered the majority opinion in the case of Everson v. Board of Education, Black, who was a lifelong member of the Ku Klux Klan and 33rd-Degree member of the Southern Jurisdiction of Scottish lite Freemasonry, enshrined the following phrase: "In the words of Jefferson, the clause against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect 'a wall of separation between Church and State.'" 106 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE During the period of time when the attention of the Court seemed to focus on religion-clause cases, roughly 1949-56, seven members of the Craft served on the Court along with a former Mason, Justice Sherman Minion. Masons continued to dominate the Court, while most of the decisions to uproot Christianity were made, until 1971. The Southern Jurisdiction of Scottish Rite Freemasonry, to which the preponderance of Supreme Court justices belonged from the period of J939 to 1971, is the self-described "New Age" Jurisdiction. As Paul A. Fisher aptly demonstrates in his book Behind the Lodge Door, the original intent of the religious establishment clause by the Founding Fathers, who shaped this constitutional instrument, was to guard against the state's establishing a theocracy of the Roman cult variety that would persecute those practicing the tenets of Western Christian civilization upon which the republic had been founded. Yet, through Justice Black's "wall" decision in Everson and hundreds of subsequent federal, state and local rulings, a Manichean religious cult is on the verge of establishing a "New Age" theocracy in the U.S. today. The Founding Fathers were deeply religious, and whatever problems may have existed in that regard, they believed that each individual had been created in imago viva Dei, in the living image of God, with a diyine spark of reason, which they expressed in the principle that "all men are created equal under God." The fallacy of the "wall of separation" cult dogma is shown by the Northwest Ordinance, passed in 1787 and readopted in 1789, which provided that "religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good, government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 107 forever be encouraged." And, in his Farewell Address to the nation in 1796, President George Washington declared that "religion and morality are indispensable supports [for] political prosperity," and warned that we could not expect "that national morality can prevail in the exclusion of religious principle." Undoubtedly, Justice Hugo Black's masonicaily dominated Court would have found these sentiments to be unconstitutional. As Justice Black's son said of him, he was a man who "could not whip himself up to a belief in God or the divinity of Christ, life after death, or Heaven or Hell." When he first ran for the U.S. Senate, public condemnation compelled Black on July 9, 1925 to "retire from the Robert E. Lee Klan No. 1, but he closed his letter of resignation to the Kligrapp [Secretary], Tours In the Sacred Unbreakable Bond.'" Having won election, Black participated in a secret Klan ceremony witnessed by investigative reporter Ray Sprigle on Sept. 2, 1926, where Senator Black was welcomed back to the Klan with a "grand passport" of life membership at the Birmingham, Ala. state Klan meeting. At the ceremony, Black swore never to divulge, even under threat of death, the secrets of the Invisible Empire. And he said, "I swear I will most zealously and valiantly shield and preserve by any and all justifiable means and methods ... white supremacy... All to which I have sworn by this oath, I will seal with my blood, be Thou my witness, Almighty God. Amen." Ironically, although Sprigle's truthful articles, were carried in all the major papers, it was the two flagship journals of American liberalism, The Nation and The New Republic, that chose to believe Black's denials that he 108 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE was a Klan member in the 1920s, in a scandal that continued after President Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointed Senator Black to the Supreme Court in 1937. Fortifying the Wall The ADL has been among the strongest upholders of lifelong Ku Klux Klan member and Mason Justice Hugo Black's "wall of separation" decision, beginning a year after the 1947 Everson opinion containing this new language. A history of that involvement can be found in the ADL's pamphlet, Friend of the Court 19471982: To Secure Justice and Fair Treatment for All by Jill Donnie Snyder and Eric K. Goodman. In the chapter tided "Separation of Church and State" we find the following: "Since 1948, ADL has filed amicus briefs in practically every major church-state case, consistently arguing for a strict interpretation of the establishment clause... ADL continues to work for a strict separation of church and state, a commitment that dates back to the League's first involvement in an establishment clause dispute: McCollum v. Board of Education. ... In the Everson opinion ... the Court emphasized in strong language the parameters of the establishment clause. ... ADL stands firmly committed to a strict separation between church and state. The wall of separation must be fortified and strengthened, so that the religious freedom dreamed of by Jefferson and the other founding fathers, may endure now and forever, an example to the world." Among the actions in which the ADL has been the historic friend of a masonically dominated Court and of KKKer Justice Black's "wall" reinterpretation of the establishment clause are: 1) Released time From the 1948 McCollum case THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 109 until the present day, the ADL has fought released time from schools, which gives a release for students to participate in religious education. One of the most recent cases was Doe v. Human, which was affirmed when the Supreme Court refused to hear it, and in which the ADL had filed an amicus brief. It resulted in the school system of Gravette, Ark. having to end the practice of released time for religious instruction in the schools on a voluntary basis requiring parental approval. In its pamphlet ADL in the Courts: Litigation Docket 1991, the ADL states that this storytime program in Gravette "presents at least two inescapable infringements on the establishment clause-impermissible inclusion of religion in the public schools and forbidden state indoctrination of a particular faith.", Paul Dee Human, the superintendent, of schools in Gravette, told a reporter for Executive Intelligence Review, "By such cases the stage is being set for a oneworld religion. Kids are being brainwashed to death by the New Age religions, and it has become harder and harder to take a Christian stand.... There is no question but that the real agenda of groups like the ADL is to usher in the New Age. The more the New Age is brought in, the lesser the boundaries on moral action. If it's right for you, it's right' is the guideline of the New Age." 2) Parochial aid. The question of public aid for parochial schools was the centerpiece of the Everson decision written by Justice Hugo Black, and there have been dozens of parochial aid suits since then. For over thirty years, one of the ADL's strongest allies in such cases has been Americans United for Separation of Church and State. According to the managing editor of The Scottish Rite Journal, Dr. John W. Boettjer, Sovereign Grand 110 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE Commander C. Fred Kleinknecht relied heavily upon the staff of Americans United for Separation of Church and State to write his call to arms in the November 1991 issue defending Jefferson's "wall of separation," which Kleinknecht calls "the cornerstone of the Constitution." Boettjer is himself a member of the National Advisory Council of Americans United Against Church and State, that has worked closely with the ADL Another collaborator of Americans United is Gregg Ivers, who wrote the recent ADL call to arms, which parallels that of Supreme Commander Kleinknecht, tided Lowering The Wall: Religion and the Supreme Court in the 1980s. The full import of Justice Black's membership in the Southern Jurisdiction's New Age religious cult emerges in a letter that 33rd-Degree Mason and Grand Prior of the Supreme Council, Scottish Rite, McIlyar H. Lichliter, wrote to Justice Harold Burton, two years after Everson The letter described Lichliter's pilgrimage to the tomb of Jacques De Molay, who had been Grand Master of the Knights Templar. De Molay was condemned as a heretic after Pope Clement V and the French King Phillip le Bel ordered an investigation, which discovered that upon initiation into this crusading order, members were required to spit upon an image of Christ's face. The Templars were shown to be a Manichean cult, practicing a form of the Middle Eastern Baphomet paganism as an initiation into their inner secrets. After Jacques De Molay was executed in 1314, as 19th-century Scottish Rite Supreme Commander General Albert Pike stated in his book Morals and Dogma, renegade Templars traveling to Scotland helped King Bruce found a precursor of the Scottish Rite, which is also THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 111 part of the ritual of the New Age Southern Jurisdiction, known as the 30th Degree Knight Kadosh, otherwise known as the "Holy Knight," "Knight of the Temple" and "Degree of Revenge." According to Pike, the Knights Templar were from the very beginning "devoted to... opposition to the tiara of Rome and the crown of its Chiefs...." Their object, Pike said, was to acquire influence and wealth, then to "intrigue and at need fight to establish the Johnnite or Gnostic and Kabbalistic dogma." According to author Paul Fisher, "The former Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite [Pike] also asserted that the secret movers of the French Revolution had sworn upon the tomb of De Molay to overthrow Throne and Altar. Then, when King Louis XVI of France was executed (1793), "half the work was done; thenceforward, the Army of the Temple was to direct all its efforts against the Pope," The United States' Founding Fathers well knew the seditious nature of the Scottish Rite, which President George Washington, in a letter to Minister G.W. Snyder, denounced for its "diabqlical tenets" and for having unleashed "the pernicious principles" of the Jacobin mob during the French Revolution. 3) Prayer. These "wall of separation" cases began in the early 1960s, and they continue today. In the interim, the Supreme Court, with the full approval of the ADL, has been involved in banning non-denominational prayer to a monotheistic God, voluntary prayer, and silent prayer in schools, courtrooms, and at other federal, state, and local government functions. In a related case in which the ADL filed an amicus brief in 1961, Torcaso v. 112 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE Watkins, the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional for people seeking public office to be required to take an oath that they believe in the existence of God. hi 1963, with School District of Abington Township v. Schempp, the Supreme Court agreed with the ADL's amicus argument that Bible reading at the start of a school day is unconstitutional. In the recent case of Kenneth Roberts v. Kathleen Madigan, as we shall see, the Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the Tenth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, that banned the Bible from being in the schoolroom unless a teacher hid it in his desk. In its pamphlet Friend of the Court, the ADL argues that it is seeking to keep the government completely out of religion and vice versa, lest the Jewish minority be overwhelmed by a Christian majority: "The horrible consequences of an officially sponsored religion can be seen in the Crusades and, in one of the darkest periods in Jewish history, the Spanish Inquisition. ... ADL works to ensure a strict separation of church and state so as to protect minority religions... Judaism is a central concern for the League." But the ADL's hostility, rather than being directed against Christianity, is actually directed against the entirety of the Judeb-Christian tradition, demonstrated when the ADL filed amicus briefs to ban display of the Ten Commandments in the classroom in cases paralleling the school prayer issue. Perhaps the most ironic case, given the ADL's claims to represent Jewish interests, was its stand in the 1980 Ten Commandments case, Stone v. Graham, where the plaintiffs challenged a Kentucky statute which required THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 113 the posting of the Ten Commandments in each school classroom. The ADL ended up fighting a small-print statement after the last Commandment which read: "The secular application of the Ten Commandments is clearly seen in its adoption as the fundamental legal code of Western civilization and the common law of the United States." In November 1980, the ADL agreed with the Supreme Court's decision that this was unconstitutional. 4) Christmas carols, hymns, spirituals. Nearly all of these song forms, which are a most efficient prophylactic to protect children from the horrors of the rock-drugsex counterculture, and are a bridge to classical music, have been all but banned with the agreement of the ADL from public schools. One recent case, Florey v. Sioux Falls School District 49-5, grew out of a 1978 school board policy which allowed the singing of Christmas carols, the performance of religious plays, and the display of religious symbols in Sioux Falls public schools. Although the ADL filed amicus briefs at the level of the Eighth US. Circuit Court of Appeals and with the Supreme Court; the latter refused to hear the case, thereby affirming the decision of the Appeals Court that such actions were constitutional, much to the dismay of the ADL 5) Equal Access Act (EAA). Another decision that drew cries of alarm from both the ADL and the New Age Southern Jurisdiction that the "wall was being lowered" involved the EAA. In a June 4, 1990 press release, the ADL said: "The Supreme Court decision today upholding the Equal Access Amendment erodes the wall separating church and state." The case, Board of Education of West114 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE side Community Schools v. Mergens, involved the efforts of a student, Bridget C. Mergens, to have equal access to school facilities for a Christian Bible study club. According to the ADL release, "The Court held that student sponsored religious clubs in public high schools do not violate the establishment clause of the First Amendment." In its amicus brief, the ADL argued that the EAA was unconstitutional, since it involves the public schools promoting religious activities impermissible from the standpoint of the cult dogma underlying the "wall of separation" opinion of Justice Hugo Black. In its 1991 ADL in the Courts pamphlet, the ADL describes its amicus brief as having argued the following: "The brief contended that both the legislative history of the EAA and the language of the statute itself reveal its impermissible religious purpose. The EAA arose following several unsuccessful legislative and constitutional initiatives to promote religion in public schools. When these efforts failed, Congress adopted the free speech analysis from Widmar v. Vincent 454 U.S. 263 (1983), characterizing student religious activity as a protected form of free expression." What particularly disturbed the ADL was that by granting Christian clubs equal access to school facilities, where there was an open forum for the debate of often competing ideas, the Supreme Court in upholding the EAA had somehow given undue emphasis to the free speech clause of the First Amendment over the establishment clause interpretation of Justice Black. 5) Religious symbols. As a result of adjudication since the Everson decision, it has become unconstitutional for schools and governments to celebrate ChristTHE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 115 mas or other Christian holidays with the display of such religious symbols as crosses, Nativity scenes, or depictions of Jesus. Instead, what must be substituted are Santa Claus, reindeer, and Christmas trees, which are of a secular nature and tend to substitute the material aspect of gifts, rather than the religious significance of the founding of Christianity, with the birth of Christ. The ADL has participated in a number of such cases. Among the recent ones described in its 1991 ADL in the Courts pamphlet is Doe v. Small 934 F. 2d 743 (7th Circuit) 1991: "At issue in this case was the constitutionality of a public park display of numerous large paintings depicting scenes from the life of Jesus Christ." The ADL wrote an amicus brief in this case from Ottawa, Illinois, saying that the local government's assistance to the Jaycees in preparing the annual display, including the use of public land, violated the "wall of separation." Writes the ADL: "The brief contended that the city is not merely acknowledging or celebrating Christmas, bat that it is instead supporting Christianity." Yet, in the case of American Jewish Congress v. City of Beverly Hills, Case No. CV. 90-6521, when the American Jewish Congress filed suit against the Lubovitchers for erecting a menorah to celebrate Hanukkah on public property, the ADL worked out a compromise whereby the menorah could be displayed along with a large Christmas tree on land that did not face public buildings. 5) Banning the Bible On June 29, 1992, the Supreme Court let stand a ruling in the case of Kenneth Roberts v. Kathleen Madigan and Adams County School District No. 50, that the Constitution prohibits an elementary public school teacher from silently reading the 116 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE Bible to himself while his students read secular books. The Court declined to review a decision of the Tenth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that Kenneth Roberts, a fifth-grade public school teacher teaching in a suburb of Denver, violated the Constitution by reading the Bible to himself during the classroom's "silent reading period." The Tenth Circuit had ruled that even having the Bible on top of the teacher's desk in view of the students violates the First Amendment, and Roberts had been forced to hide the Bible in his desk after he was admonished by the principal, Kathleen Madigan. The Appeals Court also ruled it unconstitutional for Roberts to include two Christian books, The Bible in Pictures and The Story of Jesus, in his 240-volume classroom library among such other books as Tom Sawyer, The Wizard of Oz, and Charlotte's Web. Also in the classroom library were two books that contained discussions of Indian religions and a book on Greek mythology. The ADL filed an amicus brief with the Tenth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. To quote ADL in the Courts: "ADL's brief argued that the district court properly denied the injunctive relief when it determined that Roberts was using his role as a teacher to advance religion in violation of the Lemon establishment clause test. ADL argued that the Supreme Court has recognized repeatedly that to impressionable schoolchildren, religious activities in the public schools convey the message of government sponsorship of religion. This is particularly true when a teacher reads from the Bible in front of students." However, as even the ADL had to acknowledge, "One of the three judges in the Court of Appeals panel dissented, charging that the school was converting the THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 117 establishment clause into governmental disapproval, disparagement, and hostility toward the Christian religion." Polymorphous Patrons The ADL's hostility to the basic Judeo-Christian principles upon which the United States was founded is blatant. Its support for overtly satanic or New Age "alternatives" to Judeo-Christian moral values, while less public, is also clear upon closer observation. The League's post-Matamoros efforts to sandbag Texas legislation against satanic-related crimes is one case in point. Another case in point is the ADL's involvement in one of the most outrageous instances of child sexual abuse in recent memory. The scandal began in Omaha, Nebraska but eventually spread to Washington, D.C., implicating officials of the Reagan-Bush White House in after-hours cavorting with male prostitutes. It has been the subject of thousands of pages of news coverage, several criminal trials, and one book, The Franklin Cover-up: Child Abuse, Satanism and Murder in Nebraska, by retired Nebraska state senator and decorated Vietnam war hero John DeCamp. In Late 1988, federal regulators moved in and shut the doors of the Franklin Community Federal Credit Union in Omaha. The institution had been looted into bankruptcy by its founder and manager, Larry King. King, a prominent black Republican Party activist, had been sponsored by some of the most powerful people in town, including the publisher of the only statewide daily newspaper in Nebraska, Harold Andersen, and one of the world's wealthiest men, investment broker Warren Buffett. 118 THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE Following the blowout of Franklin Credit, evidence began to surface that King, along with many of his prestigious local backers, was part of a VIP homosexual cult which regularly tortured and sexually abused area youth in pedophilic orgies. Further investigations linked King to Washington lobbyist and homosexual Craig Spence. When Washington bunco cops busted a male prostitution ring in the summer of 1989, Spence's name showed up all over the company's records as one of its biggest spending clients. Spence had high-level White House and GOP connections, and on several occasions had toured the President's home after dark in the company of corporate clients and homosexual prostitutes. According to several accounts, King and Spence were business partners in several call-boy services. Back in Omaha, a mad dash to cover up the pedophile activities was launched by local FBI officials and the Omaha chief of police, Robert Wadman, himself a member of the homosexual cult, according to numerous witness accounts. Ultimately, King was carted off to federal prison on bank fraud charges, and several efforts to get to the bottom of the pedophile ring were shortcircuited. More questions remain unanswered, but one thing is certain: Alan Baer, a local Omaha multi-millionaire and financial backer of the ADL, was personally caught redhanded in pedophile activities. In 1990, Baer was charged with pandering by local police. He pleaded guilty to a lesser charge rather than face a jury trial with all the attendant media coverage. Baer's name came up repeatedly as a major player in the testimony of victimwitnesses to the child abuse. The Alan and Marcia Baer Foundation was also listed THE ADL PEDDLES THE NEW AGE 119 as a source of money to several charities, including the Girls Club of Omaha, that were apparently victimized by the child abuse ring. The Foundation also donates to the Gay Men's Health Crisis, Inc. in San Francisco, and the People With AIDS Coalition. In December 1991, Alan Baer put up the money for a full-page advertisement placed by the ADL in several major newspapers. The ad, headlined "Not All Nazis Are Living in South America," was a fundraising pitch for the ADL. Bad judgment on the part of the ADL? Or merely one more instance of the ADL's showing its true colors? You be the judge. EIRNS Zionist lobby members (clockwise from top left) Rep. Sidney Yates (D-Ill), Sen. Howard Metzenbaum (DOhio), and Sen. Richard Shelby (D-Ala.) are just some of the ADL-AIPAC agents in Congress. 9 The Best Government Dope Money Can Buy In 1974, Richard Nixon went down for the count as the result of the botched Watergate break-in at the Democratic National Committee's headquarters in Washington, D.C. during the 1972 presidential campaign. As reporters, congressional committees and special prosecutors pored over the details of the Watergate scandal, evidence of a pattern of bribery and coverups emerged that ended up contributing to Nixon's resignation even more than the break-in itself. Since the fall of Nixon, the American political lexicon has been blessed with such Watergate offspring as "Debategate," "Cartergate," "Irangate," "Bushgate," and "Iraqgate." Political corruption scandals have become as American as apple pie. Yet despite this growing addiction to political 121 122 BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY sleaze, the vast majority of Americans are totally oblivious to the fact that on any given day, the ADL and its fellow hooligans in what is euphemistically dubbed the "Zionist lobby" (the "Dope lobby" is a far moe appropriate description) commit crimes against the American electorate that make Watergate seem tame by comparison. Blackmail, extortion and bribery are such routine tactics of the Zionist lobby that its primary target victims, the United States Senate and House of Representatives, have been turned into political mush, incapable of governing under the best of circumstances, and completely paralyzed in the face of the current political and economic crises. While the media had led the charge against congressional incumbents, appealing to a Justified "throw the bums out" sentiment building among the majority of voters, the sad reality is that unless the power of the Zionist lobby is cut down to size, any newly elected Congress will be like lambs walking to the slaughter, and nothing will change. Officially, both the ADL and its leading collaborator in this corrupting of the Congress, the American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), are forbidden from engaging in political campaigning due to their tax-exempt status. Both groups have managed to systematically break the electoral and tax laws with impunity—largely due to the fact that they have placed fellow travelers in key posts in the Executive Branch regulatory agencies that are supposed to monitor the activities of groups benefiting from the tax exemptions: the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY 123 Spreading Narco-Dollars A glimpse at how the Zionist lobby has used the power of the narco-dollar to corrupt and control the Congress is contained in a lawsuit filed in federal court in Washington, D.C on Aug. 10, 1992. The suit, filed by a group of retired U.S. diplomats against the FEC, charges that the agency failed to impose sanctions against AIPAC for functioning as an unregistered political action committee. Even though the General Counsel at the FEC agreed that AIPAC had violated the law, the Commissioners decided in July 1992 not to take any action against the group. According to the court papers, AIPAC secretly controls at least 27 different political action committees (PACs) (other investigators place the figure at 59), and uses them to funnel enormous amounts of money to candidates for Congress who support AIPACs political agenda. Under the FEC statutes, strict limits are imposed on how much money can be given to an individual candidate by a single PAC The purpose of the regulation is to curb the power of special interest groups in the financing of candidates. By running dozens of PACs, AIPAC, according to the suit, illegally circumvents the law. The case of the Joint Action Committee for Political Affiairs 0ACPAC), one of the 27 PACs named in the suit, underscores the tight relationship between AIPAC, the ADL and the political committees. JACPAC lists among its directors the wives of Thomas Dine and Stuart Eizenstat Since 1980, Dine has been the executive director of AIPAC. Eizenstat, formerly domestic policy adviser to President Jimmy Carter, is the head of the National Jewish Democratic Council (NJDC), an ADL-dominated organization dedicated to winning control over the Demo124 BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY cratic Party and placing as many of its members as possible on the staffs of congressmen, governors and mayors. And where does all of the money come from to buy up the hundreds of congressional seats currently owned by ADL-AIPAC? A brief look at the Roundtable PAC, one of the 27 outfits cited in the lawsuit as AIPAC-owned, answers that question. Roundtable PAC was founded in 1981 by a group of leading ADL and AIPAC officials and contributors, led by Malcolm Hohlein, the head of the Jewish Community Relations Council of New York. From day one, it was housed in the Manhattan offices of a tax shelter firm called Integrated Resources. Integrated was a thinly veiled money conduit for Michael Milken and his crew of junk bond peddlers and dope money washers at Drexel Burnham. In fact, Drexel CEO Stephen Weinroth, the liaison between Milken and Ivan Boesky in their insider trading scams, was a director of Integrated. All of Milken's prime "investors" socked their money into Integrated as a tax dodge. All of them also poured contributions into the Roundtable PAC. Among the biggest donors to Roundtable: Ivan Boesky, Robert Davidow (Milken's personal aide at the Beverly Hills office of Drexel), and the sons and daughters of Meshulam Riklis, Laurence Tisch, Saul Steinberg and Paul Milstein (of Carl Lindner's United Brands). When the Roundtable PAC holds its meetings, guests of honor include, respectively, New, York and Minnesota Attorneys General Robert Abrams and "Skip" Humphrey, and N.Y. Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan. All are regular recipients of AIPAC PAC dollars: In return for such generosity, Senator Moynihan in 1986 shepherded BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY 125 a tax code revision through the U:S. Congress that gave Integrated Resources an added $43 million in tax breaks. With friends like Moynihan in key posts in the U.S. Senate, Integrated could afford to be generous—at least for a while. The relationship between Milken and Integrated was so tight that within three months of Milken's indictment in March 1989 for insider trading, Integrated defaulted on $1 billion in short-term loans. It seems that without the running pipeline of hot money from Milken's bottomless Caribbean cash pool, Integrated was lost The AIPAC-ADL-run political action committees, in short, represent the combined financial clout of the Lansky dope syndicate! Any similarity between ADL-AIPAC and the genuine national interests of the state of Israel or the Jewish people is purely coincidental. All told, 211 candidates for the US. House and Senate from 48 states received money from the ADL-AIPAC PACs between Jan. 1, 1991 and March 31, 1992. Of the 211 recipients, 187 were incumbents. The total amount given in that 15-month period was well over $2 million, making ADL-AIPAC the second largest source of institutional money to candidates for federal office, second only to the combined donations of all of the labor union PACs. By October 1992, that figure had soared past the $3 million mark. The ADL-AIPAC PACs don't funnel the majority of their money into Jewish candidates, or even into candidates running for office in states where there are large Jewish populations. More typical of the kinds of officeholders and candidates who receive. AIPAC payoffs is Richard G. Shelby, a first-term Democratic U.S. senator from Alabama who has recently gained notoriety for 126 BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY pushing a death penally bill for the District of Columbia- Shelby received $67,800 from the AIPAC PACs in the 15 months beginning in January 1991, with a career total of $133,825. Another record-setting recipient of AIPAC largess is Sen. Tom Harkin, the Iowa Democrat who ran an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1992. Harkin came into the Senate in 1984 by defeating incumbent Roger Jepsen, who in 1981 had cast a decisive vote against AIPAC in a fight over the sale of AWACS surveillance aircraft to Saudi Arabia. In his first Senate bid, Harkin received over $100,000 from the AIPAC combine. His career total in AIPAC money is a staggering $366,130! A total of 29 current incumbent senators and congressmen have received over $100,000 in illegal contributions from the ADL-AIPAC PACs. A dozen have received $50,000 or more just for their 1992 re-election campaigns. That "dirty dozen" are: Richard Shelby (D-AL), Mel Levine (D-CA), Timothy Wirth (D-CO), Daniel Inouye (D-HA), Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Christopher Bond (RMO), Kent Conrad (D-ND), Robert Packwood (R-OR), Arlen Specter (R-PA), Harris Wofford (D-PA), Thomas Daschle (D-SD), and Robert Kasten (R-WI). Plumbers Unit Narco-dollars are the key to the ADL's hold over the U.S. Congress, but the League and its AIPAC associates have other trump cards as well. Both groups operate secret, highly illegal spy units that gather blackmail material and carry out dirty tricks against political opponents. When Richard Nixon got caught running such a BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY 127 "plumbers unit" at the offices of the Committee to Re- Elect the President (CREEP) in 1972, the American people demanded his scalp. It remains to be seen what the reaction will be now that AIPAC has had its first damaging defection—from its own "plumbers unit." Gregory Slabodkin worked for a number of years in AIPAC's Policy Analysis unit. Slabodkin eventually got turned off by some of the dirty deeds he was ordered to carry out by the unit's chief, Michael Lewis, and he quit his job and went public with his story. Not surprisingly, Michael Lewis is the son of Dr. Bernard Lewis, the Oxford- trained Arabist who was the architect of the Career administration's "Arc of Crisis" policy which abetted Ayatollah Khomeini's Islamic Revolution in Iran and the spread of fundamentalism throughout the region. Policy Analysis, the super-euphemistic name given to AIPAC's "plumbers," maintains dossiers on thousands of American activists—-many of them Jewish! University professors who criticize AIPAC or ADL's activities are placed on a blacklist. Their lectures are monitored by spies, who occasionally stage noisy disruptions. Their homes and cars are vandalized. University alumni linked to ADL and AIPAC threaten to pull financial backing from the schools unless the targeted faculty members are immediately fired or blocked from tenure. Members of Congress are cast as either friends or targets of the ADL-AIPAC syndicate. If they are on the friendlies list, they may be the recipients of weekly computerized blackmail dossiers on some of their colleagues and other policy shapers, which are called "Activities." The "Activities" dossiers are sent out in plain white envelopes bearing no organizational emblems. Deniability is a priority, and the whole filthy blackmail and extortion 128 BEST GOVERNMENT DOPE MONEY CAN BUY program was 100 percent deniable—until Slabodkin's defection—complete with reams of AIPAC documents. AIPAC's unit maintains a singularly close link to the ADL's parallel Fact Finding department, which engages in the exact same kind of activity. In fact, shortly after Thomas Dine took over as executive director of AIPAC, he hired Amy Goott as the first full-time staffer of the Policy Analysis unit. Goott had worked for years at the ADL; her shift of address was apparently blessed by her bosses at the League, and she continued for a period of time to work for both agencies, thereby assuring neartotal integration at the covert operations level. One feature of the job that ultimately got under Gregory Slabodkin's skin was the fact that many of his targets were themselves prominent Jewish activists, usually affiliated with left-wing causes in both the United States and Israel. Many were outspoken critics of the Israeli Likud government's brutality toward the Palestinians living in the occupied territories. Many simply favored a peaceful and equitable solution to the Arab- Israeli conflict. Many of these Jewish activists were treated to the same violence and vicious smearing by ADL-AIPAC that was meted out to Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) officials! This "McCarthyite" targeting of prominent Jews who simply bucked the ADL or AIPAC on some policy issue or financial deal underscores the fact that the League and AIPAC are anything but a Jewish "defense organization." What You Can Do It should be clear by now that the ADL is one of the most pernicious agencies working to destroy the United States, through the subversion of law and moral values, through the peddling of illegal drugs, through the blackmailing and extortion against Congress, through the looting and trashing of our industrial and manufacturing base, and through its collusion with hostile foreign agencies. Volumes could be written cataloguing the century of treachery by the ADL and its "mother lodge," the Order of B'nai B'rith. But now is not the time to dwell on details. Now is the time to do something. The ADL continues to thrive as long as Americans remain passive in the face of this subversion. The ADL is not "out there." It is alive and well right in your own backyard. 129 130 WHAT YOU CAN DO Although it maintains its national headquarters at 823 United Nations Plaza in New York City (sharing space with the Trilateral Commission), the ADL now has offices in 31 cities across the United States. The ADL has divided the entire country into regions, so that even those cities and states where the ADL does not maintain full-time offices are targeted by their subversive activity. What kinds of things does the ADL do that immediately affect your life and the lives of your children and neighbors? They have infiltrated your local police. It stands to reason that an organization as deeply tied to the international dope trade as the ADL would place special priority on getting inside the local police to undermine the police's efforts. This they have done with a vengeance. Since the early 1980s, the ADL has sponsored a halfdozen junkets to Israel for local police chiefs, sheriffs and public safety directors. By now, every ranking big city and big county law enforcement executive—with rare exceptions—has enjoyed the ADL's all expenses paid tours of Israel. The top cops are wined and dined, and given the hard sell by the Israeli Mossad, Israeli Defense Force and National Police. The Israeli government's brutal treatment of the Palestinian residents of the occupied territories is held up as the model of how to deal with protesters and demonstrators. Beginning in 1982, the ADL launched an ambitious drive to have every state in the Union pass a "hate crime" law modeled on the League's own draft legislation. The bills all add longer prison sentences and steeper fines in cases where a crime, victim was targeted because of his or her race, religion or nationality. Although prejudice WHAT YOU CAN DO 131 is an evil that must be overcome, the ADL bills, which are now on the books in all but four states, create a category of Orwellian "thought crimes" in flagrant violation of the United States Constitution. Recently, the U.S. Supreme Court and the state supreme courts in Wisconsin and Ohio have struck down versions of the ADL "hate crime" bill as violations of the First, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments. Despite these recent reversals, the ADL has managed to parlay the hate crime push into even deeper infiltration and subversion of law enforcement. Through its assets in the U.S. Congress, the ADL pushed through a string of federal laws requiring the U.S. attorney general to prepare an annual report on incidents of hate crime. Having cornered the market in monitoring so-called hate crimes, the ADL was able to insinuate its regional officers into police training seminars, practically writing the curricula and drafting all the textbooks and training aides. Not only has the ADL made millions of dollars peddling this Orwellian "hate crime" racket. It has also used the infiltration of law enforcement to spread its own brand of hatred: Blacks are inherendy anti-Semitic; Arabs, including Arab-Americans, are sub-human; anyone opposed to the Zionist lobby is automatically suspect as a left radical or right radical anti-Semitic terrorist. As citizens and taxpayers, you have the right to know whether your local police have been subjected to brainwashing by the ADL Ask your police chief or sheriff whether he has been on one of the ADL junkets, or whether his department has received ADL "training." If the answer is "yes," demand to see the training manuals. Find out whether the ADL is "helping" your local police or sheriffs in maintaining their informants—by either 132 WHAT YOU CAN DO financing those programs or even running them. As farfetched as this may seem, especially given what you now know about the ADL's ties to organized crime, there are local police departments around the country that have brought the ADL into their most sensitive intelligence gathering, usually out of naivete and desperation over shrinking budgets. Most states today have freedom of information laws that require police agencies to publicly release documents— including documents about ties to private agencies like the ADL Subverting Your Schools They are subverting your children's education. Complementing their highly successful infiltration and subversion of your local police and sheriffs departments, the gangsters and social engineers over at the ADL have conducted an equally pernicious assault into your school system, using some of the most sophisticated New Age techniques. Under the rubric of their "A World of Difference" program, ADL officials have succeeded in "training" tens of thousands of public school teachers and administrators to "combat prejudice." In fact, teachers all over the country who have been exposed to the ADL "prejudice" curriculum have complained bitterly that the film strips, training volumes and other slick multi-media tools peddled by the League actually teach prejudice—against African-Americans, Arabs, Catholics and others. Despite these occasionally surfaced protests, the ADL has managed to penetrate deep into the school system, in part due to the assistance of the National Education Association (NEA), one of the nation's largest WHAT YOU CAN DO 133 teachers unions and a longtime peddler of New Age values and curricula. The "A World of Difference" program, which got its start in 1986, is now operating in 26 of the 31 regional ADL offices. Concretely, this means that chances are very good that your children and their teachers have been exposed to this ADL subversive propaganda. Through its ties to the Hollywood entertainment industry, dating back to the gangster era of Prohibition, the ADL frequently attracts well-known Hollywood celebrities to participate in their classroom videos, thus adding to the aura of respectability. What the ADL avoids mentioning is the fact that the money to launch "A World of Difference" came from Hollywood's own junk bond king and inside trader, Michael Milken. Milken personalty ripped off billions of dollars from the U.S. economy during the 1980s, and in appreciation for the ADL's role in covering up his crimes, he passed millions of dollars into their hands. One of those million-dollar tax writeoffs went to launching "A World of Difference." Just as you have a right to know whether your local police and sheriffs have been subjected to ADL "training," you are entitled to know whether the public schools financed by your tax dollars are ruining your children with ADL propaganda The next time you attend a PTA meeting or speak with your children's teachers or the school principal, ask about the "A World of Difference" program. Is it being used in your children's school? Ask your local board of education whether they have purchased audio-visual teaching material from the ADL or whether they have budgeted to send teachers 134 WHAT YOU CAN DO through one of the ADL's frequent "A World of Difference" seminars. Tens of thousands of teachers from coast to coast have been subjected to this New Age programming over the last six years. Call up the ADL or write to them at 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10017 to get a copy of their catalogue, "Human Relations Materials for the School." Read it for yourself and get an idea of the kinds of prejudices and fears being peddled on your children. Demand that these programs be shut down, now! The easiest thing for you, the citizen, to do, is to act to prevent the ADL from continuing to use a tax-exempt, "public interest" cover for its political activities, and worse. The ADL is supposed to be prohibited by its 501 c(3) status from political action, but it violates the rules every day: Call your congressman or the Internal Revenue Service to file a complaint. The IRS can be reached at 1-800-829-1040. And, last but not least, make sure that your neighbors and friends are made aware of the dangers represented by the ADL presence in your community. Pass this book around, talk it up among your friends and colleagues. The prospects of retaking the country are dim until the influence of the Anti-Defamation League is erased! You can order additional copies of this book from: Ben Franklin Booksellers, 107 South King Street, Leesburg, Va., 22075. Phone 1-800-453-4108. Fax; 1-703- 777-8287. The cost is $7 plus 13.50 shipping and handling for the first copy and $.50 shipping and handling for additional copies. Virginia residents please add 4.5% sales tax. Visa and MasterCard accepted. Chapter Notes Chapter 1 150 Years of Perfidy Much of the material for this chapter comes from B'nai B'rith sources, including Edward E. Grusd's semiofficial history of the Order of B'nai B'rith: 'The Story of a Covenant (New York: Appieton-Century, 1966); and Esther L. Panitz's biography Simon Wolf—Private Conscience and Public Image (Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1987). For the history of the U.S. Secret Service during the Civil War period, see LaFayette C. Baker's autobiography and his one-volume history of the Secret Service. There are also a number of recently published biographies of Judah P. Benjamin and August Belmont from which the information about these two seminal B'nai B'rith collaborators was derived. Particularly useful was David Black's The King of Fifth Avenue—The Fortunes of August Belmont (New York: The Dial Press, 1981). See also The New Federalist newspaper, September-November 1992, for a series of articles by Anton 135 136 CHAPTER NOTES Chaitkin which detail the role of General Albert Pike and the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction of Freemasonry in the Confederate secessionist insurrection and in the later founding of the Ku Klux Klan. Henry C. Carey's treatment of the British Opium Wars against China and India is found in his 1853 work The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign. The complete series of American System of Political Economy works is published in reprint by the Augustus Kelly Publishing House of Philadelphia. The authors also drew heavily on a series of articles by Paul Goldstein and Mark Burdman which appeared in the December 1978 issue of The Campaigner magazine. The concluding section of this chapter was based on a series of articles published in the Washington Post and the Washington Times in the summer of 1992, as well as the ADL's 1992 report The Anti-Semitism of Black Demagogues and Extremists. Chapter 2 A Public Relations Front for Meyer Lansky For a basic, biographical profile of Morris Dalitz, including his lifelong collaboration with Meyer Lansky, his role in Hollywood and Las Vegas, etc. see Hank Messick's Silent Syndicate. For the material regarding the Bronfman family's involvement in Prohibition-era bootlegging, see The Bronfman Dynasty: The Rothschilds of the New World by Peter C. Newman (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Ltd., 1978). See also Dope, Inc., third edition, (Washington, D.C.: Executive Intelligence Review, 1992), which provides an important overview of the world narcotics trade, including several chapters dealing with the role of the Bronfman family. There are several biographies of Meyer Lansky from which the authors drew information. By for the most detailed and useful of these is the 1971 book by Hank Messick, Lansky. Messick had access to police files and other government records which have been either ignored of not made available to other authors. One recent Lansky biography, Little Man- Meyer Lansky and the Gangster Life, by Robert Lacey (Boston: CHAPTER NOTES 137 Little, Brown & Co,, 1991) does contain some useful information about the Lansky organization. For a critical source book on the early history of Jewish organized crime in America and around the world, see Albert Freed's The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Gangster in America. The involvement of Sterling National Bank in the Banca Privata theft is detailed in the files of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, case citation Adolfo Dolmetta, Giovanni Rubboli and Vittorio Coda against Uintah National Corporation, David M. Kennedy, Sterling Bancorp a/k/a Standard Prudential Corporation, Sterling National Bank & Trust Company et al. Maxwell Raab's links to Meyer Lansky are reported in Messick's Lansky. The details of the Arnold Burns offshore illegal tax shelter scam are contained in a series of news stories in the Washington Times by reporter George Archibald, published during the summer of 1988. The links between Dore Senary and Abner Zwillman are from a series of FBI documents obtained through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit regarding FBI files on the Anti-Defamation League. All told, the FBI has released several thousand pages of material regarding the ADL covering the period from World War II through the early 1980s. Additional files are still being reviewed for public disclosure. Chapter 3 The ADL and the Opium War Against America For details of the Kenneth Bialkin and Willkie, Farr and Gallagher links to Robert Vesco, see United States District Court for the Southern District of New York case citation Fund of Funds Limited, FOF, Proprietary Funds Limited, IOS Growth fund Limited against Robert L. Vesco, Norman P. LeBlanc, Milton Meissner, Allen F. Conwill, Bank of New York and Willkie Farr & Gallagher, 14 CIV 1980 (CES) Additional information on Meyer Lansky's involvement with Investors Overseas Service (IOS) is found in Hank Messick's Lansky. The role of Kid Cann and the Minneapolis branch of the National Crime Syndicate in the Meyer Lansky organiza138 CHAPTER NOTES tion is spelled out in a series of articles appearing in The New Federalist newspaper in 1991 and 1992. Other details about the Minneapolis ADL network are found in Not the Work of One Day, a six-volume oral history of the ADL published by the League and available at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C." For information on Meshulam Riklis' involvement with the Robert Vesco transactions and the Michael Milken junk bond operations, see Connie Brack's Predators' Ball: The Inside Story of Drexel Burnham and the Rise of the Junk Bond Raiders (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988). A very slanted, albeit detailed version of Edmund Safra's dealings with Kenneth Bialkin and American Express is found in Brian Burroughs' Vendetta— American Express and the Smearing of Edmund Safra (New York. Harper Collins, 1992). Burroughs admits that his book is so biased in favor of Safra that he was accused of taking all million payoff from Safra, an allegation he does not explicitly deny. Scores of articles from the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times also provided critical background information on the Safra-Bialkin-ADL relationship. For details on the role of Arthur Liman, Safra and Bialkin in the Iran-Contra scandal, see the records of the House-Senate Select Panel on Iran-Contra, as well as the hundreds of in-depth news accounts published in all of the major American daily newspapers during 1986-87. Chapter 4 The ADL and the Junk Bond Bandits Rip Off America A number of recent books on the junk bond swindles that rocked Wall Street and the investment community during the late 1980s were used in the writing of this chapter. Among the most useful of those books was Connie Bruck's Predators' Ball. Also invaluable was James Stewart's Den of Thieves (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991). Stewart, an editor of the Wall Street Journal, drew on hundreds of articles published in that newspaper over a several-year period in writing his study. Jesse Kornbluth's Highly Confident—The Crime and Punishment of MiCHAPTER NOTES 139 chael Milken (New York: William Morrow and Co., 1992 ) also provided valuable information. Information pertaining to the various tax-exempt foundations and charitable trusts cited in this chapter came from The Foundation Center, a research library on tax-exempt organizations maintained in New York City and Washington, D.C. by the Russell Sage Foundation. Chapter 5 Colluding With Terrorists The text of Judge William Webster's speech was obtained from the Washington, D.C. National Press Club files. Robert I. Friedman's book Kahane provided details on the Jewish Defense League's sponsorship by the head of the Brooklyn ADL, the Alex Odeh assassination and some information on Mordechai Levy. A spring 1986 Executive Intelligence Review special report, "Moscow's Secret Weapon—Ariel Sharon and the Israeli Mafia," provided additional background information on Mordechai Levy. Numerous stories appearing in the Philadelphia Daily News and the Philadelphia Inquirer in 1979 were also consulted. The Kathy Ainsworth story drew upon a 1970 Los Angeles Times story by its Washington, D.C. bureau chief Jack Nelson. Chapter 6 In Bed With Communist Dictators and Spies For a partial account of the Jonathan Jay Pollard affair and the involvement of Kenneth Bialkin, see Wolf Blitzer's semiauthorized biography of Pollard, Territory of Lies (New York: Harper & Row, 1991). Additional material on the Pollard affair was gathered from the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and the Jerusalem Post Edgar Bronfman's involvement with the East German governmnent was detailed in a report issued in 1991 by the Wehrkunde, Western Germany's military studies center in Munich. A prominent law professor and military historian was commissioned to review the captured archives of the East German Foreign Ministry, and the results of his study relating to Edgar 140 CHAPTER NOTES Bronfman and the World Jewish Congress were published in summary news accounts in Bild Zeitung Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and Semit. The Palme assassination material was drawn from Swedish daily newspaper accounts of the murder and the several-yearlong investigation. Information on the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations (OSI) was obtained from public files of the Dept. of Justice and from material released under the Freedom of Information Act to relatives of John Demjanjuk. Linda Hunt's Secret Agenda (New York: St. Martins Press, 1991) provided some details on the Dr. Arthur Rudolph case. Chapter 7 Railroad! All of the information used in this chapter is found in two published source books on the LaRouche trials, both published by the Commission to Investigate Human Rights Violations. Railroad! U.S.A. vs. Lyndon LaRouche, et al. (Washington, D.C., 1989) includes extensive documentation from the court records of the Boston and Alexandria trials, as well as a detailed chronology of the frameup. A second 1992 pamphlet contains the full text of LaRouche's 2255 motion for a retrial, which presents new evidence of the government and ADL frameup effort. Chapter 8 The ADL Peddles the New Age The ADL's involvement in the effort to defeat Texas legislative initiatives against satanic crime was reported in local newspaper stories in Dallas and Houston, Texas during the summer of 1989. The biographical information about Justice Hugo Black may be found in Paul A. Fisher's Behind the Lodge Door. Church, State and Freemasonry in America (Washington, D.C: Sheld Publishers). For details on the ADL's legal interventions, see Jill Donnie Snyder and Eric K. Goodman's Friend of the Court, 1947-1982: To Secure Justice and Fair Treatment for All (New York: The CHAPTER NOTES 141 Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith). Also see ADL Law Report: ADL in the Courts—Litigation Docket 1991 (New York: Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1992). Additional material was obtained from the case file of Kenneth Roberts against Kathleen Madigan and Adams County School District No. 50, Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, in the Supreme Court of the United States, Washington, D.C. A detailed account of the Omaha, Nebraska pedophile scandal is contained in John DeCamp's important book. The Franklin Cover-Up—Child Abuse, Satanism and Murder in Nebraska (Lincoln, Nebr.: ATW, Inc., 1992). In addition to its role in the Omaha satanism scandal and the effort to prevent anti-satanic legislation in Texas, more recently the ADL has been implicated in a kidnapping plot directed by the Cult Awareness Network (CAN). Nominally a group providing information and counseling to victims of cults, CAN, a longtime ally of the ADL, has been identified in recent court documents as engaging in nationwide kidnapping operations and using aversive behavior modification techniques on their victims. Leading CAN associates were formerly associated with US. government secret experimentation with psychedelic drugs under the CIA's MK-Ultra project and other similar programs. Chapter 9 The Best Government Dope Money Can Buy The July 1992 issue of Washington Report on Middle East Affairs provided a detailed breakdown of the payments made by the ADL and political action committees controlled by the American-Israel Political Affairs Committee. That same magazine published an article by Gregory Slabodkin detailing his activities as an undercover dirty trickster for AIPAC Robert I. Friedman's two-part series of articles published in The Village Voice in August 1992 also provided further details about AIPAC's dirty tricks unit. For another detailed study of ADL political dirty tricks, see also Conspiracy Against Freedom; A Documentation of One 142 CHAPTER NOTES Campaign of the Anti-Defamation League Against Freedom of Speech and Thought in America by the staff of the Liberty Lobby (Washington, D.C.: Liberty Lobby, Inc. 1986). This 228- page report includes court documents and internal ADL memos revealing interference in Federal Communications Commission- regulated
|B'nai B'rith, British Weapon Against America by Paul Goldstein|
|Rev A - See Notes
(from http://wlym.com/campaigner/7812.pdf - 12 MB pdf image-file)
Since the time of Philo of Alexandria, as before him, the religion of the antiprogress, landed oligarchy has been and is Isis worship. Through the intervening centuries, the high priesthood of the Isis cult has consciously directed one of its prime strategic efforts toward molding a small fraction of Jews, the "selected ones," into an evil pseudo-religious cult. Drawing on the cult rituals of the mystical "Covenant" promise of return to the "Land of Zion," and the irrational Cabala tradition of Judaism, the oligarchy's priesthood formed from among its own secret society, the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, a "Jewish" Masonic order. That order is the B'nai B'rith; its purpose to serve as defenders of the faith of the oligarchy against the threat of Neoplatonic humanism.
With the 1603 coup that "restored" the Stuart dynasty to the English throne, the seat of the oligarchy moved to Britain, where it remains to the present day. Beginning in the 18th century, the primary strategic threat to the oligarchy was the emergence of an institutionalized expression of Neoplatonic humanism in the form of the American republic's stated founding commitment to generalized scientific and technological progress. Against that republic the British-centered oligarchy has thrown its entire arsenal of subversion, to and including the assassinations of at least three American Presidents.
The B'nai B'rith, as the oligarchy's agents-in-place in America, has functioned as the clearinghouse for British subversion against the American republic. Therefore, the story of the B'nai B'rith, its Isis-cult roots, its 136-year record of treason against the United States, is essential to understanding who and what our enemy is, how it operates, and how we will destroy it.
BRITAIN'S "JEWISH IDEA"
The official history of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, the parent cult to the "Jewish" Masonic order of B'nai B'rith, testifies to the built-in, viciously antireligious bias of the Rite's cultist outlook, and the so-called Jewish influence in its historical development.
Masonry derives much of its ceremonial practices from the Collegia of Rome and their prototype, the Ernoi of Greece. In these societies the pattern of imitation was the Sun God under the name of Dionysus..., whose death and resurrection formed the main theme. In Masonry their place has been taken by Hiram as the type of Sun, whose name is derived from light. These are traces of Jewish influences on the Craft. Perhaps the reason for this may lie in the fact that when the Baccaric were suppressed in Rome Caesar permitted the Jews "and only these" to continue their rites. The placing of the Jewish Scriptures on the Altars of Masonry as the Volume of the Sacred Law may be due to the tenacity with which the Semitic Race clung to the conception of the Unity of the Deity. "Hear, O Israel — Tetragammation — Our God Tetragammation — Unity" was the rally cry of the "Chosen People."
The cult outlook becomes even clearer by examining and comparing a relatively buried account recorded by a member of the order at the time of the B'nai B'rith's founding. The official journal The Menorah stated:
Their reunions were frequent and several of them being members of existing benevolent societies, especially of the order of Free Masons and Odd Fellows, they finally concluded that a somewhat similar organization, but based upon the "Jewish idea" would best obtain their object.
The Jewish religion has many observances and customs corresponding to the secret societies known to us. The synagogue, for instance, might be compared to a lodge room. It used to be open twice a day; for a Jew desiring to find a friend, he had but to go there and make themselves known by a certain sign and token The sign consisted of a grip with a full hand and the magical word Sholem Alachem. The messussah on the doorpost was the countersign, Shema Israel (Hear, O Israel — ed.) was the password. (emphasis added.)
Known as the "Order of the Sons of the Covenant," the B'nai B'rith came into existence under the personal direction of the Earl of Shaftesbury, Lord Palmerston, who was the Grand Patriarch of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, and their "Hofjuden" (Court Jew) accomplices, Sir Moses Montefiore and the family of the Rothschilds. In a July 1841 memorandum to Foreign Minister Palmerston, written in part as a motivation for the then recent founding of the "Colonization of Palestine Society," Shaftesbury described the usefulness of the Jews for British strategic intentions, an idea elaborated as follows in his biography, The Life and Work of the Earl of Shaftesbury;
They (the Jews —ed . ) have ancient reminiscences and deep affection for the land ...; they are almost everywhere, accustomed to arbitrary rule and being totally indifferent to political objects, confine their hopes to the enjoyment of what people to habits of endurance and self-denial (are accustomed ) they will submit to the existing form of government having no preconceived theories to gratify, and having almost everywhere trained in implicit obedience to autocratic rule "
Financing for the British colonization scheme was arranged by Queen Victoria's "favorite Jew" Sir Moses Montefiore, who, along with his brother-in-law Nathaniel Rothschild, used their financial conduits in the United States as a major feature of the plan. The Montefiore Society, the North American Relief Society for Poor Jews in Palestine, the Widows' and Orphan Fund, plus dozens of other benevolent societies, provided the funds to establish a "Jewish homeland."
From its inception in 1843, the American side of this operation, the B'nai B'rith, functioned not only as a secret Masonic cult to undermine the humanist Judaic tradition of Philo of Alexandria but, moreover, to use American Jews as part of Britain's strategic design to destroy the American republic. The special role assigned to the leadership of the "Jewish" Masonic cult was to facilitate the deployment of numerous secret societies and cults the British had implanted in the U.S. during the last decade of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century.
Working with the Anglican-American heresy tendency among the Jesuits and B'nai B'rith under the direction of the British Secret Intelligence Service, the "mother cult" Scottish Rite created numerous secret societies and cults modeled to varying degrees on the cult of Dionysus. The Transcendentalists, the Know-Nothings, the abolitionists, the secessionists of the Knights of the Golden Circle, and more, including the post-Civil War Ku Klux Klan, were synthetically created to participate in subverting U.S. institutions and leaders. Among the crimes committed by these networks were the assassinations of three U.S. Presidents; the sabotage of the American System economic program; and the undermining of the population's belief in Reason and its product, Progress, as the guiding force of the U.S.'s and global development.
One humanist Jewish visitor to the U.S., Israel Joseph Benjamin, writing in his book Three Years in America, 1859-62 , commented on the B'nai B'rith: "This is a secret society, like the Freemasons with passwords and the like and was quite a new phenomenon for me ... still I think the existence of such a society not at all necessary. Benjamin's remarks, in contrast to standard portrayals of the B'nai B'rith as a "benevolent society" dedicated to defending and propagating "Jewish heritage" in the United States, are not only accurate, but place those authorities of the "benevolent viewpoint" in the category of the morally insane.
MOTHER CULTS AND CULTISTS
Under the Black Guelphs' Knights of St. John Of Jerusalem, the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry emerged as the aristocracy's major political secret intelligence operation against humanist forces throughout Europe and the Mediterranean over several centuries. Officially, the Scottish Rite did not surface as the "mother cult" until the 18th century, but its roots are directly traceable to the destruction of the city-building Knights Templar in the 14th century, and to King Robert Bruce of Scotland, who declared himself "Grand Master of the Order of Heredom de Kilwinning," the predecessor of the Scottish Rite.
The wave of repression begun by King Robert Bruce against the Knights Templar and their allies among the Philo-oriented Jews of Europe during the 14th-17th centuries, offered an early occasion for "Zionist project" recruitment and profiling of "selected Jews." The symbiotic relationship that developed between the Jewish "chosen ones" and the knights of St. John of Jerusalem stemmed from the unique services the Jewish merchant banking families offered the Knights of St. John, under the overall control of the Genoese-Roman black nobility families.
The "selected Jews" were assigned a twofold task in the designs of the black nobility. First, by papal edict they were permitted to participate in usurious mercantile "money-lending" practices among the larger masses of Jews — those, that is, who did not flee to Greece, Turkey, and the Eastern Mediterranean — who were being herded into ghettos and victimized in the pogroms. Second, the "selected Jews" were to employ Cabalistic mysticism as a form of "mass-brainwashing" control over ghettoized Jews, creating false messiahs and holding out promises of salvation in the Land of Zion.
One Jewish writer recounts the story of one such false prophet produced during the period of the pogroms named Abraham Abulafia. "Abulafia, was a Cabalist,... to him the Bible was one huge cipher. He was able to rise to heights of ecstasy by concentrating on the letters of the Scripture, not on words or sentences, but on individual letters, combined and recombined in an infinite number of forms."
One of the biggest frauds perpetrated during the 13th century, and which had a lasting impact on Jews into the 18th century, was the publication of Zohar, the Book of Splendor. In keeping with the priesthood tradition of the Pharisees, the "selected Jews" used Zohar as the outstanding "Talmudic"-type text for interpreting Moses' law and for creating a distorted version of the Mosaic "Covenant." Commenting on the Zohar, Jewish scholar Bernard Bamberger states, "The Zohar was put before the public by Moses de Leon, a well-known cabalist; (it) was composed in moments of exaltation and high emotional stress and its author no doubt believed himself to be writing under direct divine guidance."
Mere publication of such texts or the emergence of mystic leaders in the hideous ghettos was not enough for the black nobility, however. Several "return to the Land of Zion" projects financed by the King of Portugal and his "selected Jewish financiers" were carried out over a period of time. In 1524, for example, David Reubeni and Solomon Molcho, self-proclaimed emissaries of the "Ten Lost Tribes," arrived in Venice and traveled through northern Italy calling for "Holy War" against the Turks so that the Jews could return to their homeland and so that the Messiah could reveal himself. Theirs was a short-lived project — Reubeni ended up in prison, while Molcho was burned at the stake.
Perhaps the most infamous of these "self-appointed" messiahs was Sabbatai Zevi, who had gathered a vast following among Turkish Jews in the 1640s. After several years of intensive study of the Cabala, Sabbatai proclaimed himself the Messiah and by 1648, with the Jewish population inundated in the belief that 1648 was the year of the advent of the Messiah, Sabbatai launched his campaign. One account described Sabbatai as a "devoted student of the Cabala, (who) began to indulge in practices that kindled the hope of his enthusiasts"; Sabbatai's aim was to restore Palestine to "Jewish control." An indication of the source of his messianic zeal is that Sabbatai's father had been for years in contact with certain British merchants seeking to break open the Turkish Empire's control over the Near East.
Our historical research to date reveals these 17th century messiah projects to be the direct result of work done at Oxford and Cambridge Universities, where Hebraic "scholarship" had been restored under the direction of the leading priests of the Black Guelph oligarchy in Britain, Sir Francis Bacon and Robert Cecil. The Fifth Earl of Shaftesbury, who, with others, enabled the Genoese-Dutch banking interests aligned with the Bruce dynasty to defeat humanism in England under Elizabeth I and laid the basis for destroying Cromwell's Commonwealth, shaped the Oxford and Cambridge projects.
As Scottish Rite historian Henry Evans develops in his book, The History of the Scottish and York Rite of Freemasonry," it (the Scottish Rite) has been allied with the Jacobite movement (cult of fundamentalism — ed.) in Scotland and England, and with the Cabalistic (Jews) and Rosicrucian societies in Europe...." Pointing unmistakably to the direct interconnection between the early Scottish Rite and the Cabalistic societies' promotion of the "Jewish idea," Evans states further that the key figure of the mid-17th century, after Bacon's death, was Elias Ashmole.
Ashmole is, in fact, perhaps the most important figure in the development of the Scottish Rite and the "Jewish idea" project for Zionism — Ashmole, that is, and his band of Oxford cultists including William Lilly, Christopher Wren, Sir Edward Dugsdale, and Dr. Robert Plot. In an 1880s official Scottish Rite biography of Ashmole, Dudley Wright states: "Ashmole was made a mason in 1645 at Warrington, a society of Rosicrucians formed in London on the principles established in Germany about 1604, and partly perhaps in the plan of Literary Societies, allegorically described in (Sir Francis) Bacon's New Atlantis as the House of Solomon; ..."
Ashmole and his Scottish Rite cultists reorganized Oxford University for the purpose of resurrecting the ancient cult of Hermes occult practices of the Egyptian priesthood, fully integrating ancient Hebraic scriptures and the Cabala into these rituals. By directing the research projects, by setting up the Scottish Rite Organization, and by founding the Ashmole Museum, Elias Ashmole institutionalized the beginnings of the modern "Zionist project."
In commenting on these activities, Sir John Alexander Cockburn and Oxford biographer C.H. Joster have shown clearly the relationship between the Scottish Rite practices and the Cabala. Cockburn writes: "Christopher Wren maintained that the Scottish Rite derived its origin from the symbolic minds of the Eastern Races and was imported into Europe by the Crusaders, who thinking to subdue the Saracens, were themselves made captive by the enchantment of the Eastern mysticism and the Jewish Cabala' (emphasis added). Joster added: "In Feb. 1652, Ashmole added yet another subject to his learned pursuits. The practice of engraving magic sigils with Cabalistic signs and related studies he had brought to his notice on Judaic sources which made Hebrew most desirable" (emphasis added).
The purpose of ritualized mystical cult practices became clear when, in 1763, the first official Hofjuden institution, the Board of Jewish Deputies, was created by the British oligarchy to oversee the "Jewish idea" project. The board was composed of Cabalistic rabbis and Hofjuden financiers, including the Montefiores, the Sebags and, later, the Rothschilds. The board was the brainchild of the "Hebraic studies" project of Ashmole and Rabbi Solomon Frank, who converted to Anglicanism after the 1603 Stuart Restoration but continued to work with Ashmole. Ashmole, for example, recorded in his diary lessons in Hebrew scriptures given by Rabbi Frank.
Sir Robert Gould reports in his five-volume work on the Library of Freemasonry that the Hebrew words "Akiman Rezon" or "akim" (brothers), "manah" (to appoint), and "ratzon" (to select) were chanted as part of the daily ritual of the Hofjuden deputies as they went about their tasks.
Many of the first rabbis to come to America had been trained by the Ashmolean-Oxford school and the Anglican Church-created British and Foreign School Society, which was founded in 1807 as a direct continuation of the earlier Ashmole project.
EARLY NETWORKS OF THE "SELECTED JEWS"
Prior to the emergence of a "Jewish" Masonic cult, the high priesthood of the oligarchy relied upon the already established network of Jewish merchant families that were part of the old Dutch West Indies gold and slave trade. Practically all of these so-called Sephardic Jews had been in the United States since the late 18th century and some even from the 17th century. Most were the initiating members of the U.S. wing of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.
Based in New York City, Charleston, South Carolina and other southern cities including Baltimore, these "selected Jewish" merchants operated as part of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service networks. Among them were Moses Cohen, Moses Levi, Isaac Da Costa, and Moses Peixotto, who organized the initial web of associations called the Hebrew Benevolent and Hebrew Orphan Aid Societies — the earliest of which was founded by Mendes Lopez in Charlestown in 1784. Numerous Hebrew Literary Societies were set up alongside these benevolent organizations.
It is important simply to note here, for development further on, that Judah P. Benjamin, later Secretary of War and Secretary of State of the Confederacy — and the man who more than likely gave the order for the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln — was recruited into the Charleston Hebrew Orphan Aid Society in 1827.
At the outset the benevolent associations were either simple extensions of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem Hospitallers (hospitals and hospices) or of the "Literary Societies" of Sir Walter Scott and Sir Isaac Disraeli. Disraeli's History of the Jews in England provided the ideological bond and historical justification for the Hofjuden's servile relationship to the oligarchy, while Sir Walter Scott's feudalist extravaganza novel, Ivanhoe, glorified that theme — colored, of course, with Scott's typical anti-Semitic emphasis. Scott's heroine is a Jew named Rebecca, namesake of Rebecca Gratz, the daughter of a Philadelphia Jewish merchant Scott knew well.
The point to be understood about these early developments in the U.S. is twofold. First, the British had to create the conditions for imposing upon American Jews the belief that the American notion of progress and assimilation could not be allowed to occur. Therefore the need for a "separate" Jewish organization based on the mythos of Zion, on the return to the "promised land of Palestine," had to be infused into American Jewish thinking as the only chance Jews had for true salvation. The earlier Hofjuden were not doctrinally equipped to serve British design in this fashion. Second, and particularly important for today, was the need to replicate the same servile dependency outlook among American Jews that the Montefiores, Sebags, and the like had for their British lords. The Jewish benevolent societies created in the U.S. were to serve as indoctrination centers for inculcating this outlook among the Jewish immigrants newly arrived from Germany and Poland, Jews who had fled the ghettos and pogroms of Europe.
By 1801, in keeping with the need to train both a religious and political-financial leadership among Jews in the U.S., the "Grand Council of the Princes of Jerusalem of the Mother Supreme Council of the Knights Commander of the House of the Temple of Solomon of the Thirty-third Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Order of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry" conferred an official charter upon the former Dutch West Indies Jewish merchants of Charleston, South Carolina — Da Costa, Cohen, Israel de Lieben, Dr. Isaac Held, Moses Levi, John Mitchell, and Frederick Dalacho — the men who had established a foothold in America for Britain's "Jewish idea" through the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Aid Societies.
The task assigned these American Jews was not an easy one, however. Intense animosity between these "established Jews" and the new Jewish immigrants from Germany, Bavaria, and Poland prevented any coherent organization from coming into existence. Moreover, the immigrant Jews recognized in the American republic and the promise of assimilation the potential for far more advanced levels of technological, scientific and cultural achievement than anything even conceivable in the ghettos of Europe. Commitment to generalized scientific and technological progress ran very high in the Jewish immigrant community.
Therefore, a new program had to be developed to subvert that commitment and to bring leading American Jews into line with Britain's schemes.
B'nai B'rith's Organized Treason
"Glance at the attitude of England toward the United States. We see there are two well-defined parties, neither of them friendly to us as a nation; one the cotton interest siding with the South, and the other, the abolition coteries siding with the North, and so England, balancing herself adroitly between these two parties .... can give aid ... to one section or to the other or both, to prevent conciliation, as best may service the political purpose of England, the Permanent Division of the United States."
With these words, penned in 1860, the famous inventor Samuel Morse, an American counterintelligence officer, summarized his findings in connection with a vast British espionage network operating in the United States by the time of the Civil War. At the center of the network was B'nai B'rith.
As Morse says, the network included the Southern secessionists, and also the so-called Abolitionists. It also included American Heresy Jesuits, whose political descendants operate out of Georgetown University today. It included most of the leading figures in the Democratic Party, and a boatload of others. But the Zionist "Order of the Covenant," popularly known as B'nai B'rith, squatted at the center.
At the time Morse wrote, the B'nai B'rith was a British intelligence cult dedicated to the destruction of the American Republic. It was an arm of British intelligence with that chartered purpose at the time of its founding in 1843, and remains so to this day.
The founder of B'nai B'rith, contrary to official histories, was Henry Lord Palmerston, then British Foreign Minister, who simultaneously created the entire international Zionist movement, in the period of 1843-1860. Zionism was only one of tens of cults created under Palmerston, some "Jewish" and some "Christian" in name, and spread across Europe and America as subversive arms of the British Empire. Each cult was modeled on the Ashmolean Scottish Rite of Freemasonry — of which Palmerston was Grand Master — itself modeled on Ptolemaic Egypt's death cult of Isis. B'nai B'rith emerged in 1842 as the American extension of the "Jewish" Rite of Freemasonry in America.
According to the history of B'nai B'rith by Edward Grusd, "the mastermind" behind the early growth of this Jewish Masonic order was Baruch Rothschild, relative of the original Meyer Amshel Rothschild who founded the family banking dynasty in 18th century Germany. Rothschild was sent into the B'nai B'rith shortly after its founding to launch a ''membership drive" because, as he himself put it, "the members were not all equally well educated and of far different mental capacities." In short, B'nai B'rith was not for just any Jew. Through Rothschild's building job, it was to become an intelligence executive body, whose leaders would subsequently play controlling roles in other British networks, directing the Abolitionist-Slaveholder confrontations of the 1840s and 1850s, the Secession of the South that produced the Civil War, the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, and numerous post-war destabilizations of the American Republic.
The impetus which got B'nai B'rith and other, interfacing British networks off the ground in the United States was provided by the "Oxford Movement," a groundswell of evangelical religious reform fever organized in the 1820s by the Anglican Church itself, Kings College of London University, and Oxford University, home of British intelligence. The religion the "Oxford Movement" espoused under the leadership of John Newman, and E.G. Pusey, Regius professor of Hebrew at Oxford, was neither Christian nor Jewish, but a simple revitalization of the old Ashmolean cult of Isis-Osiris-Dionysus, whose spiritual leaders were actually Palmerston and the Scottish Masons.
The "Oxford Movement" was deployed as a cult-creating force internationally. Into the United States, in conjunction with Hapsburg-Holy Alliance forces on the continent, Newman and Pusey sent the "American Heresy" Jesuits, "Christians who are not Christians," who still operate on behalf of the British monarchy out of Georgetown. The second phase of the Oxford deployment, slightly later, would be B'nai B'rith, "Jews who are not Jews."
The Jesuits launched an organizing drive among Irish Catholic immigrants, welding this mass into a base of support for Andrew Jackson's ascension to the Presidency. Jackson, controlled by British agent Martin van Buren, subsequently destroyed the backbone of American economic development with his destruction of the Bank of the United States. The Jesuits also set up a vast spy apparatus called the St. Leopold Foundation, based in Baltimore, Maryland, the city that would also be the "Cradle of American Zionism." The principal product of the seminaries and schools operated by the St. Leopold Foundation was assassination and other dirty work. The inner circle of figures involved in the Lincoln assassination, including John Wilkes Booth, were in the main trained by these Jesuits.
Samuel Morse, who was part of the overall U.S. political intelligence service numbering Edgar Allen Poe, Winfield Scott, and Washington Irving among its active agents, exposed the Scottish-Hapsburg Rite deployment of Jesuits to America with his pamphlet, "Foreign Conspiracy Against Liberties of the United States." At approximately the same time, "Oxford Movement" leader John Newman proposed to the Anglican Church that it create a Jesuitical order of its own, so impressed was he with the work of the order in America.
During the same period of Jesuit activity, the Scottish Rite circles in England sent agents to organize an "anti-Catholic" ferment in the United States, producing mass anti-Catholic riots under the banner of the "Order of Native Americans," and the "Order of the Star-Spangled Banner.'' These operations later fused under one umbrella, the ritualized political organization known as the "Know Nothings." Under the American Party banner, this British-controlled agency ran presidential candidates which played a determining role in the outcome of the Pierce (1852) and Buchanan (1856) presidential elections. Both Pierce and Buchanan were pro-British.
The same period of pre-Civil War subversion saw British promotion and manipulation of both Abolitionists and Secessionists, in a manner exposed by Morse in his 1860 pamphlet, "The Present Attempt to Dissolve the American Union, a British Aristocratic Plot." Morse told his readers of a conversation between the Earl of Shaftesbury, and a Dr. Cheevcr. who ran the Abolitionist-Secessionist scenario from England. Shaftesbury said " I, in common with almost every English statesman, sincerely desire the rupture of the American Union. Morse, writing in mock reply, said, 'True words, my lord, you have epitomized with great precision and conciseness the inner political workings of the British aristocratic mind for many long years."
Each of the above cited operations by the British actively involved the networks of B'nai B'rith. Evidence of the interface that existed between Jesuit and Zionist is had in the authoritative report that it was Judah Benjamin, a secret controller of B'nai B'rith, who gave the directive for Lincoln's assassination to networks of the St. Leopold Foundation. Similar connections existed between Zionists and Abolitionists. When Moses Wiesenfeld, business partner of Aaron Friedenwald, the prominent Baltimore Zionist traitor, was arrested and convicted of maintaining Confederate war materiel in his factory, he was defended by Johns Hopkins, the leading Quaker "abolitionist.''
WHO WERE THE TRAITORS?
The British-Scottish Rite intelligence agents who played the most prominent role in the subversion of the American Republic before, during, and after the Civil War were Judah P. Benjamin, Benjamin Peixotto, Albert Pike, and August Belmont. Peixotto, was a President of B'nai B'rith; Albert Pike, a Confederate General, was a Grand Master of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in America. Their superiors were Lincoln-assassin Benjamin and August Belmont, Lord Rothschild's personal agent in the United States.
August Belmont made his inauspicious arrival in the United States in 1832, a decade before B'nai B'rith's founding. Of Jewish extraction, he later "converted" to Christianity by marriage into the Perry family, and was never officially a member of B'nai B'rith. The same story of "conversion" applies to Judah Benjamin. Belmont and Benjamin's long and close association with the Zionist leadership, however, is a matter of public record, and might be compared to the relationship of Henry Kissinger and the Zionist Lobby today. Belmont, Rothschild's official financial representative in New York, was a British puppet, like each leader of B'nai B'rith.
Belmont, whose activity as a British agent was most notoriously conducted through the leadership role he played in the Democratic Party, (double-crossing and bribing his way into the chairmanship 1856-76) depended on the B'nai B'rith leadership in almost every dirty operation he carried out. An exemplary instance was the Belmont project to create an ultra-revolutionary pseudo-Republican "youth cult" formation within the Democratic Party.
The "youth cult" project was a British design which went far beyond America. Its architect was British Colonial Secretary Edward Bulwer-Lytton, a builder of the British opium empire with Palmerston, a leading Knight of St. John of Jerusalem, and a man whose writings did most to promote the revival of Isis-worship internationally. In England, Lord Lytton's disciple, Benjamin Disraeli, founded the feudalist-romantic Young Englander movement. Similar movements were created by British intelligence in virtually every European country — Young Italy, Young Turkey, Young Russia, and so forth — an international terrorist network at the disposal of the British Empire.
In 1845, at the direction of August Belmont, a pamphlet appeared in the United States called "The Position and Duties of Young America.'' The pamphlet had been copied in outline from a tract by Young Germany British agent Arnold Ruge. The American author was a powerful man in B'nai B'rith, Edwin deLeon.
As early as 1515, the Portuguese marrano deLeons were active in the slave trade for New World plantations. They later settled in Charleston, which many marranos preferred because its "liberal" state constitution permitted them not merely to trade in black flesh, but to own slaves and plantations themselves. Every member of the deLeon family was a traitor during the Civil War. David deLeon took command of the Confederate Army medical corps. Edwin deLeon, author of Belmont's "Young America" pamphlet and later Consul General to Egypt under the pro-slavery President Franklin Pierce, was sent to Europe by Judah Benjamin on behalf of Jefferson Davis's Confederate Government to meet with Lord Palmerston to raise funds for the Confederacy. The deLeon family's slave-trade partner, Seixas, published a poem in the South Carolina Gazette that fervently extolled the joys of slave trading.
Edwin deLeon, whose appointment as Confederate Commissioner in Europe came from B'nai B'rith controller Judah Benjamin, joined with George Sanders, a Belmont man and former employee of the Bank of England, to form the youth cult within the Democratic Party, appropriately called Young America. The movement had a threefold program, published in a journal, also called 'Young America,'' run by "Abolitionist" Ralph Waldo Emerson:
— Reciprocal Free Trade
— Special cooperation with European (British-run) republican movements
— Ally with Great Britain against Russia and Austria British formation of these "youth cults'' in cooperation with Zionists internationally was merely a prelude to the formation of an international assassination bureau at the disposal of the high priests of the Scottish Rite. In 1853, Franklin Pierce appointed George Sanders to be U.S. Consul in Liverpool, England; August Belmont became Ambassador to Holland, Belmont's James Buchanan became U.S. Ambassador to England, and Senator Pierre Soule, owned by Judah Benjamin, became U.S. Ambassador to Spain.
In June, 1853, the high priests themselves, Lord Palmerston, the Earl of Shaftesbury, and Lord Russell, brought Sanders, Belmont, Buchanan, and Soule together at a series of meetings in London with Mazzini, Garibaldi, and Orsini of Young Italy; Arnold Ruge of Young Germany, Alexander Herzen of Young Russia, and Kossuth of Young Hungary. Out of this meeting came the international assassination bureau of the Scottish Rite-Order of Zion, whose first target was Louis Napoleon of France. A later target was Abraham Lincoln, first in 1861 in Baltimore, B'nai B'rith stronghold, and then, the fatal 1865 "hit" in Washington.
Samuel Morse, in works cited, labelled the American Civil War a "British Aristocratic Plot." The vehicle selected by Palmerston, Russell, Shaftesbury et al. for their long-planned rupture of the American Union was a secret society, the Knights of the Golden Circle. It was in the main composed of the leadership of the Scotch Rite Freemasons in America and the leaders and controllers of B'nai B'rith: Judah Benjamin, Benjamin Peixotto, August Belmont, Albert Pike, Jefferson Davis, George Sanders, and others.
The Knights of the Golden Circle emerged out of the Nullification Crisis of 1828-32, when South Carolina set a precedent for sectional strife by attempting to secede from the Union over the tariff issue — the state was controlled by deLeon-striped Zionist slave-traders who controlled B'nai B'rith. In the 1840s, the Knights of the Golden Circle arranged — through Knight General William Walker, with Albert Pike serving under him — the U.S. military expedition into Mexico (something not ordered by the President), and related attacks on Cuba and Central America whose open object was the seizure of new slave-territory, fanning tensions between North and South which "Abolitionists'' made the most of.
Subsequently, as the crisis they were building reached a head with Lincoln's election and the waves of secession by Southern states, the Knights of the Golden Circle attempted a coup d'etat against Lincoln's government immediately upon his inauguration. Involved directly were Judah Benjamin, Grand Master Mason Robert Toombs, Scottish Rite Commander Albert Pike, and the leading Zionist banking houses in Baltimore and New York, led by the Seligmans. The Seligmans financed all of the B'nai B'rith's New York front organizations for the assimilation and indoctrination of immigrant Jews ("The German- Hebrew Literary Society" and so forth). The coup would have involved seizure of the capital city's railroads, the Treasury and other strategic points, an assassination of Lincoln en route to the Baltimore stronghold of B'nai B'rith and the Jesuits, and the installation of John Breckenridge, secretly a Knight. The object of the coup was to ensure that the Civil War, already inevitable, would be fought out in the North, ravaging American industry in the British interest. The coup had been well planned, and only General Beauregard's premature firing on Fort Sumter gave Lincoln and General Winfield Scott the warning they needed to crush the coup.
Immediately, the B'nai B'rith leaders in the Knights assumed leading positions in the Confederacy, with notably Judah P. Benjamin becoming first Attorney General and then Secretary of War under Knight-President Jefferson Davis. Benjamin subsequently became Secretary of State, assuming control of the espionage service of the Confederate States. Coordinating with Benjamin's office was a "Secret Cabinet" located in British Canada, which helped run the Copperhead draft resisters' operation in the north, created by August Belmont, and employing the talents of George Sanders among others. Among the spies in the North directly controlled by Benjamin and the Canadian "Secret Cabinet" was John Wilkes Booth. Also at Judah Benjamin's disposal throughout the Civil War was every branch of B'nai B'rith.
B'nai B'rith's networks consisted of those synagogues and Jewish welfare organizations established by Zionist slave-traders in the first half of the century. Their deployment was open and loud from the first days of the Secession Crisis. During the peak of the crisis in 1861, "Covenant" Rabbi Morris Raphall of New York City gave a sermon on the "Bible View of Slavery," justifying every hideous aspect of the previous 300 years' Zionist fortune-making off black flesh. His sermon was widely praised in synagogues controlled by B'nai B'rith everywhere.
The Baltimore Hebrew Congregation, established in 1830, received its funding monies from the Dutch banking family of Judah Benjamin. Among its members were the treacherous Friedenwalds. Rabbi Bernard Illomay, in support of Raphall, addressed the congregation on Lincoln's government: "Who can blame our brethren of the South for their being inclined to secede from a society under whose government their ends cannot be attained and whose union is kept together by heavy iron ties of violence and arbitrary force? Who can blame our brethren of the South for seceding from a society whose government cannot or will not protect the property rights (read: slaves) and privileges of a great portion of the union?" Slavery, said Illomay, is "divinely ordained."
Baltimore, a strategically placed port city and transportation center, was a key to the B'nai B'rith-Knights of the Golden Circle's attempted coup against Lincoln, and the Confederacy's broader strategy throughout the Civil War. In this city, the Zionists of the "Covenant" and other British agencies planned chaos. In April, 1861, rioting broke out between Union soldiers attempting to reach Washington to crush the Golden Circle coup and mobs led by members of B'nai B'rith, Young Italy, and the Jesuits. Persons opposing the mob "were molested; some were beaten and killed" including one Union soldier, according to eyewitnesses. Printing presses, including those which printed the "Sinai" newsletter of Rabbi David Einhorn, an anti-Zionist Jew who denounced slavery, were destroyed. Homes were set afire; train tracks entering the city were destroyed. One of the individuals arrested was Joseph Friedenwald, sire of a leading Zionist family in Baltimore. Opposition to B'nai B'rith within the Jewish Community was crushed. Rabbi David Einhorn was run out of town and to this day, he is slandered by B'nai B'rith Anti-Defamation League spokesman as "merely an abolitionist."
Not only in Baltimore, but throughout the border state area and South, B'nai B'rith lodges were functioning as "safehouses" and centers for espionage operations directed by Judah Benjamin. It was this that prompted General Ulysses Grant, late in the war, to issue a directive that all Jews from Tennessee to Mississippi were to be arrested for espionage. Those B'nai B'rith officials and others subsequently put on trial for espionage were defended by lawyer Simon Wolf. Grant then ordered Simon Wolf himself arrested. Wolf's release was secured by the traitor Edwin Stanton, Lincoln's Secretary of War. Wolf went on to become the President of B'nai B'rith some years later.
B'NAI B'RITH'S KKK
Eight months after Lincoln's assassination in 1865, Judah Benjamin and Albert Pike created the Invisible Empire of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan out of what remained salvageable from the Knights of the Golden Circle. Aiding them in this project, and a Klan leader, was a Charleston South Carolina Zionist named Baruch, Bernard Baruch's grandfather. Judah Benjamin contributed some funds for the funding of the KKK, but the bulk of the financing was handled by the southern branches of B'nai B'rith. The various Klans in the United States are controlled by the Anti-Defamation League and related Zionist organizations to the present day.
Benjamin and George Sanders subsequently fled to the safety of England, with Pike remaining to run the Klan operation in the South. The operation was modelled on the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, with all the rituals attending thereto. Pike had been one of the intellectual guides of the order, and had written extensively on the subject of mysticism and the ancient cults, including books: "The Christian Mysteries," "Gnosticism, the Kabala and the Mysteries of Masonry," and "Zoroaster of Sarathrustra and His Doctrines." Pike described his (and B'nai B'rith's) worship of the goddess Isis, as follows:
"It began to shape my intellectual vision," wrote Pike in reference to the Scottish Rite, "into something imposing and majestic ... It seems to me like the pyramids in the grandeur and loneliness whose yet undiscovered chambers of generations of the sacred books of the Egyptians (are) ... so long lost to the world; in its symbolisms which are its spirit of brotherhood and its essence, Freemasonry is more ancient than all of the world's living religions."
Another famous quote of Pike's was, "Masonry says, 'Be content, compare not your condition with the few above you ... that he hath not the wealth of Rothschild' ..."
After the Civil War, Benjamin Peixotto, the former B'nai B'rith president, secured an appointment as U.S. consul to Romania, through the intervention of German-born Carl Schurz, a long-time British intelligence agent. As an advisor Peixotto took along Simon Wolfe, also a B'nai B'rith president. The appointment had been an aim of the Rothschilds and Montefiores in London. In Romania, Peixotto created the infamous Order of Zion, which worked to destroy the Russian-U.S. entente that had helped save Lincoln's Union from British intervention during the Civil War.
The Platform of Zionism's Humanist Enemy
In 1861 Rabbi David Einhorn was driven out of Baltimore for his attacks on the proslavery Zionists who (as today) ran the city. Reprinted here is the text of his "Pittsburgh Platform," as adopted by the Central Conference of Reformed Rabbis in 1889. Ninety years later, it still embodies the ecumenical qualities of humanist Judaism.
IN ACCORD WITH REASON
First — We recognize in every religion an attempt to grasp the infinite, and in every mode, source, or book or revelation held sacred in any religious system, the consciousness of the indwelling of God in man. We hold that Judaism presents the highest conception of the God idea as taught in our Holy Scriptures and developed and spiritualized by the Jewish teachers, in accordance with the moral and philosophical progress of their respective ages. We maintain that Judaism preserved and defended, midst continual struggles and trials and under enforced isolation, this God idea as the central religious truth for the human race.
Second — We recognize in the Bible the record of the consecration of the Jewish people to its mission as priest of the one God, and value it as the most potent instrument of religious and moral instruction. We hold that modern discoveries of scientific researches in the domains of nature and history are not antagonistic to the doctrines of Judaism, the Bible reflecting the primitive ideas of its own age, and at times clothing its conception of divine providence and justice, dealing with man in miraculous narratives.
Third — We recognize in the Mosaic legislation a system of training the Jewish people for its mission during its national life in Palestine, and today we accept as binding only the moral laws, and maintain only such ceremonies as elevate and sanctify our lives, but reject all such as are not adapted to the views and habits of modern civilization.
Fourth — We hold that all such Mosaic and rabbinical laws as regulate diet, priestly purity, and dress, originated in ages and under the influence of ideas altogether foreign to our present mental and spiritual state. They fail to impress the modern Jew with a spirit of priestly holiness; their observance in our days is apt to rather obstruct than to further modern spiritual elevation.
Fifth — We recognize, in the modern era of universal culture of heart and intellect, the approaching of the realization of Israel's great messianic hope for the establishment of the kingdom of truth, justice, and peace among all men. We consider ourselves no longer a nation, but a religious community, and therefore expect neither a return to Palestine, nor a sacrificial worship under the sons of Aaron, nor the restoration of any laws concerning the Jewish state.
Sixth — We recognize in Judaism a progressive religion, ever striving to be in accord with the postulates of Reason. We are convinced of the utmost necessity of preserving the historical identity with our great past. Christianity and Islam being daughter religions of Judaism, we appreciate their providential mission to aid in the spreading of monotheistic and moral truth. We acknowledge that the spirit of broad humanity of our age is our ally in the fulfillment of our mission, and therefore we extend the hand of fellowship to all who operate with us in the establishment of the reign of truth and righteousness among men.
Seventh — We assert the doctrine of Judaism, that the soul of man is immortal, grounding this belief on the divine nature of the human spirit, which forever finds bliss in righteousness and misery in wickedness. We reject as ideas not rooted in Judaism the beliefs both in bodily resurrection and in Gehenna and Eden (Hell and Paradise) as abodes for everlasting punishment or reward.
Eighth — In full accordance with the spirit of the Mosaic legislation, which strives to regulate the relation between rich and poor, we deem it our duty to participate in the great task of modern times, to solve on the basis of justice and righteousness, the problems presented by the contrasts and evils of the present organization of society.
Rev A: Changed nonbreaking spaces to regular spaces to prevent premature line breaks
|INTERNATIONAL BANKING CARTEL|
“JUDEO-CHRISTIAN” THEOCRACY FRONTS FOR INTERNATIONAL BANKING CARTEL
“Synarchy...is ‘government by secret societies’, or by a group of initiates who operate from behind the scenes. It is an analogue of ‘theocracy’, or rule by a priesthood.” ~ Marquis Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre
THE FINANCIAL VAMPIRES
“We shall surround our government with a whole world of economists. That is the reason why economic sciences form the principal subject of the teaching given to the Jews. Around us again will be a whole constellation of bankers, industrialists, capitalists and – the main thing – millionaires, because in substance everything will be settled by the question of figures.” (Protocol 8.2)
GAYLORD FREEMAN OF FIRST CHICAGO BANK THE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION THE KENNEDY ADMINISTRATION THE JOHNSON ADMINISTRATION THE NIXON ADMINISTRATION THE CARTER ADMINISTRATION / PAUL VOLCKER
“There is a new breed of creatures roving the land today; they no longer drain all of the lifeblood from their victims. They leave just enough for the host to remain alive and capable of producing more, until he eventually succumbs. The new breed does not seek out the blood that sustains physical life; instead, they desire the monetary and financial life of their victims – the insatiable lust for power, the excessive greed that wealth begets. They worship at the altar of Lucre – and he at the altar of another. The creatures drain away the life of their victims by extracting from them all of their private property, wealth, and well being – by taking the money power from them and using it against them. The money power resides with an elite group of collectivists who manage and control our monetary system, as well as the police power of the State that enforces its will. This unholy system transfers wealth from the people to those in control of the system: the elite moneychangers.” (“Vampires of the New World Order”)
GAYLORD FREEMAN (1910-1991) OF FIRST CHICAGO BANK
In his expose, Freemasonry and Judaism: The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, Leon de Poncins stated that the headquarters of B’nai B’rith is in Chicago, and that all of the U.S. Presidents must first be approved by B’nai B’rith.
“At the present time Jews and freemasons are working in collaboration throughout the whole world for the triumph of the universal revolution. The high masonic posts are for the most part held by Jews in various countries. There are lodges which are exclusively Jewish such as the notorious masonic order of Bnai Brith whose headquarters is in Chicago.” (Poncins, p. 100)
“The order of Bnai-Brith is an order of international Freemasonry reserved exclusively for Jews... It was founded in New York in 1813 but at present its headquarters are at Chicago. It divides the world into 11 districts of which 7 are in the United States. The number of its lodges is about 500 with nearly a hundred thousand adherents. The four members of its executive committee who do not live in the United States are respectively at Berlin, Vienna, Bucharest and Constantinople... “Nobody has cast doubt on the importance of the Bnai-Brith. When in 1909 the United States Government denounced the Commercial Treaty with Russia, President Taft, putting the interests of his country before Jewish interests at first resolutely opposed this rupture, but without success for he was speedily vanquished. In order to show clearly that this sacrifice was mainly due to the Bnai-Brith the President presented it with the pen which had served to notify Russia of the denunciation of the treaty. There is moreover no candidate for the Presidency of the great American Republic who does not court the friendship of this order. “According to well-informed sources, there is in the B’nai B’rith a super-position of secret societies ending in a single governing power. Above the B’nai B’rith are the B’nai Moshe, then the B’nai Zion, and finally the hidden center of supreme command. I can only mention it without proof.” (Poncins, pp. 215-216)
The “hidden center of supreme command” is the Prieuré de Sion in Paris. According to The Top 13 Illuminati Bloodlines,
“In 1963...Gaylord Freeman, helped by Antonio Merzagora and Pierre Plantard de Saint-Claire, governed the [Prieuré de Sion]. In 1981 Pierre Plantard took over as Grand Master.” (p. 81) [See Part I]
During this period of time, Gaylord Freeman was also Vice Chairman of the First National Bank of Chicago (1962-1969) and Chairman and Chief Executive of First Chicago Bank and its parent company, First Chicago Corporation (1969-81).
“First Chicago Corporation is a multi-bank holding company offering corporate and institutional banking, consumer banking and middle market banking through it’s United States offices and international facilities. The company also owns the stock of various non-bank companies involved in business relating to banking and finance including venture capital and leasing subsidiaries. The company's foreign operations are located in Canada, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and the Asia-Pacific Regions.” (Business.com)
The fact that a Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion was also the CEO of a major banking cartel headquartered in the United States and an advisor to the U.S. government reveals that the Prieuré de Sion is no mere secret society in France. Its power and influence “extend...beyond France...into the world of international high finance.”
“Plantard’s two companions in the triumvirate named in Bonne Soiree—later confirmed to Baigent, Leigh, and Lincoln by Plantard himself—for the first time extended the story beyond France and also into the world of international high finance. “Presumably Antonion Merzagora was the Italian banker, an associate of the eminent industrialist Agostino Rocca (1895-1978, who was credited with creating the Italian steel industry in the 1930s and was head of the nationalized steel industry during the Second World War). But the alleged involvement of Gaylord Freeman (1910-1991) implied that the Priory’s influence extended even further afield. An extremely important and influential American banker and financier, he was most notably associated with the First National Bank of Chicago, of which he was Chairman between 1969 and 1975... Freeman was also an advisor on the economy to the U.S. government, for example chairing a presidential task force on inflation during the Carter administration.” (Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince, The Sion Revelation, pp. 258-260)
Gaylord Freeman was also an influential spokesman for business on national and international monetary affairs. (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, p. 8)
“John Drick, A. Robert Abboud, and Gaylord Freeman were three members of the Prieuré de Sion that were associated with the First National Bank of Chicago... The Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance (the Guardian Assurance) in London where P.J. Freeman worked had shared a building with the First National Bank of Chicago which had Gaylord Freeman as chairman of the board of directors. In other words, the two businesses and the two Freemans all connected it seems to the Prieuré de Sion, and then by other inferences all connected back to the hierarchy.” (Top 13 Illuminati Bloodlines, p. 89) PHOTO: “Robert Abboud, Chauncy E. Schmidt and Richard L. Thomas (from l.), the ‘young tigers’ of The First National Bank of Chicago, 1974.” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, p. 255)
First Chicago Corporation/The First National Bank of Chicago Board of Directors October 6, 1975
A. Robert Abboud Deputy Chairman of the Board (...) Thomas G. Ayers Chairman and President Commonwealth Edison Company (...) John E. Drick Chairman of the Executive Committee (...) Gaylord Freeman Chairman of the Board (…) Source: Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, 1975, p. 11. John Drick who was Chairman of the Executive Committee of First National Bank of Chicago also served as Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion circa 1969. “...from the most recently published version of the Priory’s succession of Grand Masters, it seems Drick filled the gap between Cocteau and Plantard.” (The Sion Revelation, p. 267)
Vaincre No. 3, September 1989, page 22 Managing Editor: Thomas PLANTARD de SAINT-CLAIR 110, Rue Henri Dunant, 92700 COLOMBES
SOME ARCHIVES OF THE ‘PRIORY OF SION’ DISCOVERED IN BARCELONA…
The Grand Masters of the PRIORY OF SION: (...) 1969…John DRICK Source: Vaincre
Although relatively unknown, the First National Bank of Chicago is one of the powerful banks behind the Trilateral Commission. Rockefeller’s Chase Manhattan Bank holds a controlling interest in First Chicago:
“…Chase Manhattan, Continental Illinois, and First Chicago, the power houses behind Trilateralism, all pay far lower [tax] rates. In fact, Chase Manhattan Bank paid no U.S. taxes at all in 1976.” (Antony Sutton, Tri Laterals Over America (1995)
“Well, a listing of controlling ownership in these major oil and gas companies by banks – by Trilateral Commissioners – is listed as Manufacturer’s Hanover, Chase Bank, Wells Fargo Bank, First National Bank of Chicago, and First Continental of Illinois. And these all supposedly are of Trilateral representation… “Sutton: No, what about the First Bank of Chicago? [First Chicago Corp.]… [Ed: Robert Stephen Ingersoll before joining the Washington ‘revolving door’ was a director of the First National Bank of Chicago, a subsidiary of First Chicago Corp. The largest single shareholder in First Chicago is David Rockefeller’s Chase Manhattan Bank.” (Sutton, How to Understand Globalization)
Wall Street Journal, July 6, 1981: “The prime rate was raised to 21½ % from 20 % by Chase Manhattan and First National Bank of Chicago. The main reason was said to be ‘upward pressure’ on short term rates.”
Clearly, First National Bank of Chicago was not your average local bank. First Chicago shared offices with the Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance located in London’s financial center, which is the banking center of the world.
“In January (the seventeenth, of course) 1984, the Priory circulated a mise en garde—warning—to its (supposed) membership, informing them about the Grand Master’s action against Chaumeil and warning them against any dealings with the latter… Clearly this originated with Plantard… It was signed not just by Pierre Plantard (curiously not de Saint-Clair) but by three others: Gaylord Freeman, John E. Drick, and A. Robert Abboud. Freeman we already know, and from the most recently published version of the Priory’s succession of Grand Masters, it seems Drick filled the gap between Cocteau and Plantard. Alfred Robert Abboud (born in Boston of a Lebonese immigrant father) followed Freeman as Chief Executive of the First National Bank of Chicago, and John Edward Drick was one of its executives for over forty years, until his retirement in 1977. Yet again, why their names were circulated on ‘official’ Priory documents that would inevitably be published and would prompt researchers such as Baigent, Leigh, and Lincoln to contact the men, is a mystery… And as Freeman and Abboud were alive when the mise en garde was circulated—and Abboud still is—what on earth convinced Plantard that he could use their names with impunity? (Just for good measure, until early 1983, when all this material started to circulate, the First National Bank of Chicago and Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance shared the same London offices.)” (The Sion Revelation, p. 267)
“The Royal Exchange in the City of London was founded in 1565 by Sir Thomas Gresham to act as a centre of commerce for the city.” (Wikipedia)
“London is the banking centre of the world and Europe’s main business centre. The headquarters of more than 100 of Europe’s 500 largest companies are in London. A quarter of the of the world’s largest financial companies have their European headquarters in London too. The London foreign exchange market is the largest in the world, with an average daily turnover of $504 billion, more than the New York and Tokyo combined.” (London.gov.uk)
First National Bank of Chicago and its parent, First Chicago Corp. also collaborated with British Intelligence, MI6, via First Chicago Bank’s liaison with Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance. The latter was bought by the largest insurance company in the world, AXA, which is located in Paris.
“Britain’s Secret Service Bureau was officially designated Military Intelligence (Department 6)... “In 1922, MI6 severed itself from the Secret Service Bureau and became an autonomous entity in its own right. ...the agency was renamed SIS (Secret Intelligence Service). At this time SIS became divided and sub-divided into any number of compartmentalized departments. In 1940, for example, the Special Operations Executive (SOE) was formed largely out of SIS department ‘D’. It, too, soon became an intelligence agency in its own right. Indeed, during the Second World War, SOE quickly evolved into a new species of intelligence agency entirely – a species more concerned with the ‘international agenda’ than the national one; more the ‘corporate agenda’ than the democratic one. Its highest ranking members, for example, were drawn not so much from the military as the corporate and financial world, in particular from the boards of well-known banking, shipping, publishing and insurance companies – most notably Guardian Assurance (later Guardian Royal Exchange Group, and more recently bought by the French insurance group AXA) with specific connections to the First National Bank of Chicago and its parent company, the First Chicago Corporation. Plus a host of other major-league companies and corporations.” (Princess Diana: The Hidden Evidence, Foreward by HRH Prince Michael of Albany, p. 95)
“AXA (Euronext: CS, NYSE: AXA) is a French global insurance companies group headquartered in Paris. AXA is not the name of a single company but a group of companies independently organized and operated according to the regulations of many different countries.” (Wikipedia)
The goal of MI6 operations was to establish a European Union controlled by multinational corporations, which would naturally involve the infiltration and takeover of the governments of the sovereign nations of Europe. To accomplish this, the MI6 collaborated with banking and financial institutions, such as Gaylord Freeman’s First Chicago Bank and Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance, along with other intelligence operations such as the CIA.
“At the same time its ambitions included the formation of a corporately controlled United States of Europe... To add to this, high-ranking SOE members would, together with other interested parties, in particular the CIA, coordinate the setting up of various pro-European lobby groups following the end of WWII. Via their personal connections in the world of banking and corporate finance, untold funds would be generated in support of these groups.” (Princess Diana: The Hidden Evidence, Foreward by HRH Prince Michael of Albany, p. 95)
“In fact, the idea of a United States of Europe recurs repeatedly in the pages of Vaincre [a resistance journal of the secret society Alpha Galates published between 1941-43 by Pierre Plantard, future head of the Prieuré de Sion]. Along with the idea of a new European chivalry, it is one of the journal’s most dominant themes. In the first issue, for example, there is an illustration of a knight on horseback riding down a road towards a rising sun on the horizon. The ribbon of the road is labeled ‘United States of the West’. The beginning of the road is demarcated by the year 1937. The rising sun at the end of the road is inscribed with the year 1946. One side of the road is labeled Brittany [France], the other Bavaria [Germany].” (Vaincre, 21 Sept. 1942, Issue #1, p. 3)
First National Bank of Chicago is also a member bank of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland. The all-powerful BIS directs the central banks of member nations. Within the BIS, First National Bank of Chicago, along with J.P. Morgan and First Bank of New York (now Citicorp) exercises the voting rights of a central bank.
“Chances are, though, that you’ve never even heard of what is arguably the most powerful financial institution on earth, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS)... The founders were the central banks of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the U.K., all of which got an identical number of shares. The U.S. Federal Reserve was not an original shareholder; however, three American banks (J. P. Morgan, First Bank of New York, First Bank of Chicago) each got the same number, giving the U.S. three times the voting power from the outset.” (“The Most Powerful Bank You Have Never Heard Of”)
Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago is a collection of Freeman’s speeches and letters, published in 1975. In a 1975 speech given at the International Conference on World Economic Stabilization, Gaylord Freeman identified several international banking and finance luminaries of Chicago.
“...Chicago boasts a large group of thoroughly professional students of international finance... I cannot close without mentioning a few other notables. Important as is our port, Professors Milton Friedman, George Stigler and Harry Johnson have proved to have had even more significant influence on international trade and finance. You all remember David Kennedy and later George Shultz as Chicago’s contributions to the Treasury. Kenneth Dam, another Chicagoan who is a participant in this conference, served in The White House as deputy economic counselor to the President. Bob Ingersoll, another citizen of whom we are proud, currently serves as deputy Secretary of State, and Don Rumsfeld is President Ford’s right arm.” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 326-327)
In her book, Trilateralism: the Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management, Holly Sklar identified other officers of the First National Bank of Chicago and their roles in planning the New World Order. Lee Morgan, a director of First National Bank of Chicago and First Chicago Corp., was also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. Peter G. Peterson, a director of First National Bank of Chicago/First Chicago Corp., was/is a Trilateral Commissioner, Chairman of the CFR and was Chairman of the Federal Reserve of New York from 2000 to 2004. Peterson would later recruit Timothy F. Geithner as President of the NY Fed. The abovementioned Robert Ingersoll was also a director of the First National Bank of Chicago/First Chicago Corp., a member of the TR and CFR and deputy Secretary of State under Gerald Ford. (Trilateralism, Who’s Who?, p. 99)
THE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION
“It has often been said if you want to know who really runs things, look at a man’s advisors. Now check this out, Gaylord Freeman never ran for any major political office—and the voting process is supposedly to get men who know what they are doing into office, and yet if you read the N.Y. Times biography you will read ‘Mr. Freeman...was frequently called on by Washington for advice and assistance.’ Yes, Presidents and Congressman called Gaylord Freeman for advice (instructions might be a better term), and yet most of us haven’t even heard of the man!” (Top 13 Illuminati Bloodlines: The Freeman Bloodline)
Gaylord Freeman was active in several U.S. administrations and committees appointed by Congress to revamp the U.S. monetary and financial system and international trade as well as the housing and health industries. In the Eisenhower administration, Gaylord Freeman was assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury:
“Over the years, Mr. Freeman served on Presidential commissions on matters of housing, health, manpower, international trade, investment policy, productivity and the quality of life. In 1957 he was appointed an assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury and for two decades after that he served on various Treasury committees.” (New York Times, March 8, 1991)
In 1948, a business-led public policy organization, the Committee for Economic Development, recommended “a thorough and objective study of the U.S. monetary and financial system... Two years later, in 1950, the Douglas subcommittee of the Joint Committee on the Economic Report recommended a ‘thorough and complete study of the monetary and credit system and policies of the United States.’ In 1955, Allan Sproul, then the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, suggested ‘a renaissance in the study of money and banking in general and of central banking in particular.’” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 335-36)
Under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Gaylord Freeman and the banking cartel wielded power at the highest levels of the U.S. government. In the following excerpt from Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, Mr. Freeman described how the U.S. banking establishment inserted the central bankers into the Congressional decision-making and legislative process, prevailing against the better judgment of many Congressmen.
“What I believe was the first modern suggestion for a thorough and objective study of the U.S. monetary and financial system was that made, almost 13 years ago, in 1948, by the Committee for Economic Development (C.E.D.). Two years later, in 1950, the Douglas Committee of the Joint Committee on the Economic Report recommended a ‘thorough and complete study of the monetary and credit system and policies of the United States.’ ...There was no immediate result of these suggestions, but in December of 1955, Allan Sproul, then the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, suggested, ‘a renaissance in the study of money and banking in general and of central banking in particular.’... “The Administration at the time was Republican, but both the Senate and the House were Democratic, and the Democrats were concerned that if the President were allowed to appoint a commission, he would choose men of his own philosophy—even including bankers. Representative Spence, the chairman of the House Banking and Currency Committee, said this would be most inappropriate as ‘those who have a direct interest in the result (bankers) should not be permitted to sit on the investigative committee.’ Representative Wright Patman went further when he stated...that ‘We reject the view that the highest and best judgment in this field is that of the experts. On a matter which affects the welfare of every citizen—affects the whole economy of the United States—I say the highest and best judgment is the congressional judgment, rather than expert judgment. It is representative of, and similar to, public judgment... “...it looked as though the investigation would be given to a subcommittee of the House Committee on Banking and Currency... chaired by Congressman Patman. This would so clearly have been ‘a war of nerves against the financial world’, as one congressman said, that 38 Democrats...joined with Republicans to defeat the proposal. “In the resulting confusion Senator Harry Byrd stepped in and announced the Senate Finance Committee had unanimously determined that it would assume responsibility for an investigation and make a complete study of the financial condition of the United States, including ‘(1) the revenues, bonded indebtedness, and interest rates on all public obligations, including contingent liabilities, (2) policies and procedures employed in the management of the public debt and the effect thereof upon credit, interest rates, and the nation’s economy and welfare and (3) factors which influence the availability and distribution of credit and the interest rates thereon as they may apply to public and private debt.’ It was my good fortune to participate in this study during the summer of 1957 as a consultant to Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey... “Even during the Senate Finance Committee’s ‘study’, the White House quietly expressed the hope that after the Senate had finished, some independent nonpolitical group would assume responsibility for a serious investigation. The C.E.D. responded and on November 21, 1957, announced plans for the creation of a committee to be selected from a wide sector of the society and on the basis of the members’ reputation for competence and objectivity... “...In May of 1958, the C.E.D. announced the creation of the Commission on Money and Credit... This distinguished commission was composed of the following members: ...David Rockefeller, vice chairman, board of directors, Chase Manhattan Bank; Beardsley Ruml, New York, New York;... “[In] 1960... Beardsley Ruml passed away and I was appointed to succeed him... ” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 335-39)
THE KENNEDY ADMINISTRATION
Gaylord Freeman’s powerful influence in the economic policy and decision-making process continued in the Kennedy Administration:
“...After the Kennedy Administration was installed... “An advisory committee of ‘social scientists’ was designated to work with the commission and was composed of the following: Lester V. Chandler, professor of economics, Princeton University, Gerhard Colm, director of research, National Planning Association; Gaylord Freeman, president, The First National Bank of Chicago, Neil Jacoby, dean, School of Business Administration, University of California, Richard A. Musgrave, professor of economics, University of Michigan; Richard Newstadt, professor of political science, Columbia University; Paul A Samuelson, professor of economics, M.I.T.; Edward S. Shaw, professor of economics, Stanford University; Sumner H. Schlicter, Lamont Professor, Harvard University. Alan H. Temple, vice chairman, The First National City Bank of New York, and Jacob Viner, professor of economics, Princeton University. Of these, Sumner Schlichter has passed away and I have gone from the board to the commission.” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 339-340)
PHOTO: President Kennedy & Gaylord Freeman 1962 “Gaylord Freeman, left, attending a White House meeting of business leaders, 1962” Source: Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, p. 345
In a November 1961 address to the 15th Annual Conference of Bank Correspondents in Chicago, Gaylord Freeman delineated the Commission on Economic Development’s recommendations to Congress. Note that government control of the Federal Reserve Board was a key issue, which Gaylord Freeman argued against because it would subject the Fed to “political pressure;” i.e., accountability.
“The commission’s recommendations propose both structural changes that will improve the functioning of the economy and broad guides for policy… The commissioners’ report…contains about 85 definite recommendations… “The suggestion that has caused the most criticism is the recommendation that the chairman and vice chairman of the Federal Reserve Board should be appointed by the President from among the board’s membership to serve a four-year term coterminous with the President’s. “I strongly oppose this, first on the ground that it tends to increase the power of the President who, as an elected office holder, is subject to great political pressure in the direction of expansionary or inflationary policy, and because it diminishes the independence of the chairman of the Federal Reserve, whose removal from electoral control permits him to take a little more detached attitude. Second, emotionally we resist this because we have great confidence in [Fed] Chairman Martin’s determination to maintain the soundness of the dollar and are not certain as to how much of other goals President Kennedy would be willing to sacrifice to achieve the same end… “Related to this recommendation are the suggestions that the Board be reduced from seven to five members, that their terms be reduced from 14 years to 10 years, and that they be eligible for reappointment... however, if a President serves for eight years, he would have the opportunity to designate four out of the five members, including the chairman and vice chairman. Which can be considered as an increased opportunity to interfere with the ‘independence’ of the Federal Reserve Board... “Perhaps the third most objected-to feature is the provision that the gold reserve requirement should be eliminated. It is argued that this will destroy confidence in the dollar. On the other hand, those who advocate this, point out that foreigners have more short-term bills, bonds and deposits in this country than the total amount of gold, and that unless our entire gold supply is made available to meet their withdrawals, they may lose confidence in their ability to get gold and commence withdrawals immediately. This would greatly aggravate our balance of payments problem. I opposed this recommendation, but I must admit that the loss of the gold backing domestically probably would be of relatively little significance... Certainly, the gold requirement has not prevented either instability or inflation in the past... “Perhaps the fourth most objectionable provision is that the central responsibility for organization and coordination of economic policies be lodged in the President, who should be required to report to Congress quarterly as to the conditions of the economy...” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 351-354)
Other recommendations of the commission were:
“The ceiling on the federal debt should be abandoned. . . “The 24 percent gold reserve requirement should be eliminated. . . “The present price of gold should be maintained at $35 an ounce . . . “The Federal Reserve should remain independent...” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 352-361)
THE JOHNSON ADMINISTRATION
On February 4, 1965, Charles de Gaulle held a press conference in which he proposed a return to the principles of the gold standard. The proposal was seen as a calculated move toward creation of a new international reserve currency — the basket of currencies (including gold) which would be the future IMF Special Drawing Rights (SDR). On February 12, 1965, Time Magazine reported:
“Perhaps never before had a chief of state launched such an open assault on the monetary power of a friendly nation. Nor had anyone of such stature made so sweeping a criticism of the international monetary system since its founding in 1944. There was Charles de Gaulle last week proclaiming that the primacy of the dollar in international dealings was finished, calling for an eventual return to the gold standard — which the world's nations scrapped 50 years ago — and practically inviting other countries to follow France's lead and cash in their dollars for gold... “De Gaulle probably does not really believe that the world will return to the gold standard. He has been much influenced by Jacques Rueff, his economic mentor and probably the world's foremost proponent of a return to gold; Rueff greeted De Gaulle's blast last week as 'an invitation to a common enterprise that will deliver the West from an absurd monetary system.' But De Gaulle, however much he may admire the theory, is an artist of the possible, and he is probably using the threat of a gold standard in hopes of pressuring the U.S. and Britain into accepting lesser changes in the monetary system favorable to France. For the past six months he has been urging the creation of a new international reserve currency called the 'cru' (for collective reserve unit), which would give greater weight to gold and more financial power to nations with heavy gold supplies. The U.S. has opposed it, but De Gaulle's attack on the dollar may force Washington to reconsider. “High officials of the Federal Reserve Board believe that De Gaulle, aided by Spain's Franco, is trying to form a new European axis designed to embarrass and weaken the U.S. by attacking the dollar... “...De Gaulle's bombshell may have convinced the President [Johnson] that tougher action is needed. In any case, official Washington agrees with De Gaulle on at least one point: some changes should be made in a world monetary system that puts the U.S. under such strain.” (Time Magazine)
THE NIXON ADMINISTRATION
One financial analyst observed, “In a sense, the US$ had to face an end, its sunset guaranteed when Nixon defaulted on its redemption value. The United States served as custodian for the global reserve currency. Naturally, the most damage will be to the US as a consequence of its twilight, especially after the recent era of fraud & counterfeit. Few look back to that date in 1971 as prophetic for declaring the USDollar’s days as limited and finite.” (Jim Willie CB)
Prior to his resignation in 1973, President Nixon had decoupled the U.S. dollar from the gold standard:
“During most of the 1800s the United States was had a bimetallic system of money, however it was essentially on a gold standard as very little silver was traded. A true gold standard came to fruition in 1900 with the passage of the Gold Standard Act. The gold standard effectively came to an end in 1933 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt outlawed private gold ownership (except for the purposes of jewelry). The Bretton Woods System, enacted in 1946 created a system of fixed exchange rates that allowed governments to sell their gold to the United States treasury at the price of $35/ounce. ‘The Bretton Woods system ended on August 15, 1971, when President Richard Nixon ended trading of gold at the fixed price of $35/ounce. At that point for the first time in history, formal links between the major world currencies and real commodities were severed’. The gold standard has not been used in any major economy since that time.” (“What Was the Gold Standard?”)
Charles de Gaulle had made an arbitrage run on gold, and Nixon had no choice but to let the price float, gold not having backed the dollar domestically for nearly 40 years at that time.
1900 — Gold Standard Act 1913 — Federal Reserve Act / Federal Reserve Notes/FRNs / fiat currency 1933 — FDR Gold Confiscation Act / private ownership of gold illegal / gold confiscated, revalued @ $35/oz. 1946 — Bretton Woods Agreement / other countries to sell gold to US @ $35/oz. 1965 — Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle demanded a return to the gold standard 1969-74 — Paul Volcker served as Undersecretary of the Treasury 1971 — Nixon canceled Bretton Woods system and abandoned gold standard 1977-81 — Carter elected / inflation/recession/oil crisis / advised by Gaylord Freeman
During the Nixon and Ford administrations, from 1969 to 1974, the future Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, Paul Volcker, “served as under-secretary of the Treasury for international monetary affairs. Volcker played an important role in the decisions surrounding the U.S. decision to suspend gold convertibility in 1971, which resulted in the collapse of the Bretton Woods system.” (“Paul Volcker”)
On August 15, 1971, Pres. Richard Nixon canceled the Bretton Woods system and abandoned the gold standard. Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion, Gaylord Freeman, defended Nixon’s decision in a speech to a 1973 World Trade Conference in Chicago:
“By 1970 President Nixon, though primarily concerned with Viet Nam, became uncomfortably aware that we had some kind of economic problem. He sought some relaxation in the barriers to our exports—some upward revaluation of foreign currencies. The Germans, to their credit, allowed the mark to float upward in May of 1971, but other nations, delighted with their prosperity, were unwilling to voluntarily reduce their profitable exports or open their domestic market to us. They were not concerned with any possible problems of the rich and powerful United States. “The President attempted to at least gain their attention by his August 15, 1971 declaration (itself a violation of GATT) of a ten percent import surcharge; and end to our settlement in gold; and wage and price controls at home. Secretary Connally followed this by asserting that we didn’t have any dollar problem—the rest of the world did… “…We suggested further upward revaluations of the deutschmark and yen. There was no cooperative response—only demands that we make the dollar convertible into gold. We would love to make it convertible, but we can’t. The dollars held abroad have risen precipitously and, as some have been presented for gold, our supply has gone down. We have only about $11 billion of gold and over $82 billion of foreign-held dollar claims. So we obviously cannot offer gold convertibility today. There were also demands that the dollar be replaced as a reserve asset and as the intervention currency. But there was no discernible cooperation… “To serve as the principle international currency the dollar doesn’t have to maintain a fixed relationship to gold—or to even maintain its original domestic purchasing power. All currencies will gradually lose some of their purchasing power. Why? Because all nations will almost continuously choose the immediate benefits of ‘bread and circuses’ (increases in wages and benefits in excess of increases of productivity) with the inescapable consequence of lowered purchasing power of their currency. We included. “We do not have to keep the dollar a rock. Indeed it would not be expected that we do so as all others will depreciate. We don’t even need to keep the dollar the strongest currency. It should, however, be one of the strongest. Those which are weak can devalue. The one or two which are stronger should revalue upward—which is the concept President Nixon and Secretary Schultz have been trying to sell abroad. This proposal meets with resistance… Yet no one has come up with a better solution. And at a recent meeting of the [IMF] Committee of Twenty they voted down a proposal to make gold a more significant currency by a vote of 18 to 2. “…I believe we should immediately and aggressively step in to defend the dollar and seek to develop extensive cooperation in that effort… We should sell gold for dollars.” (Gaylord Freeman of First Chicago, pp. 539-548)
As President, Richard Nixon appointed Gaylord Freeman and other prominent bankers, business executives, and globalists in various fields to make policy recommendations on international trade and investments. According to the Washington Post, “The panel advocated free-trade policies over protectionism.”
“On May 21, 1970, President Nixon appointed a Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy to study the principal problems faced by the United States in this field, assess present U.S. policy, and produce a set of policy recommendations for the 1970’s which would take account of the changes that have taken place on the world economic scene since the end of World War II. Twenty-seven members from business, labor, agriculture and the universities (a substantial majority from business) were appointed, under the chairmanship of Albert L. Williams, Chairman of the Finance Committee of International Business Machines. The Williams Commission rendered its report in July, 1971: “United States International Economic Policy in an Interdependent World.” (The Williams Commission Report, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 66, No. 3 [Jul., 1972], pp. 537-559)
The Nixon Archives contain the minutes of Richard Nixon’s meeting with the Williams Commission. This particular meeting occurred one month after the President decoupled the U.S. currency from the gold standard. The minutes show that the Williams Commission included Gaylord Freeman. Nearly all present were CFR members and there were several Chicago business leaders: Secretary of Commerce Maurice Stans, Secretary of State William P. Rogers (CFR) who graduated from the University of Chicago, and Peter G. Peterson (TR/CFR), a director of First Chicago Bank and later Chairman of the New York Federal Reserve, who would also recruit Timothy Geithner for his present job. Discussed at the meeting was President Nixon’s Gold Standard speech of August 15, 1971 as well as the events and monetary policy leading up to August 15, 1971.
Date: September 13, 1971 Time: Unknown after 2:58 pm until 3:45 pm Location: Cabinet Room
John B. Connally met with Maurice H. Stans, William P. Rogers (CFR), Peter M. Flanigan (CFR), Peter G. Peterson (TR/CFR), Richard V. (Dick) Allen (CFR), Albert L. Williams (CFR), Dr. Isaiah Frank (CFR), James H. Binger (CFR), Fred J. Borch, Dr. Courtney C. Brown, Gaylord Freeman, Richard N. Gardner (CFR), Dr. Antonie T. Knoppers (CFR), Dr. Stewart M. Lee, Edmund W. Littlefield, Charles F. Myers, Jr., Dr. Max Myers, Kenneth N. Naden, Alfred C. Neal, William R. Pearce, Dr. Dan Throop Smith, Leroy D. Stinebower, and George A. Stinson (…) The President entered at 3:07 pm
Williams Commission members -Knoppers -Lee -Brown -C. F. Myers -Stinson -Neal -Littlefield -Smith -Freeman -Gardner -Binger -M. Myers -Stinebower Economics -Williams Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy -General contributions -Appreciation -Freeze on wages -Release of report -Commission’s work -Timing of report -Commission members -The President’s 1969 speech -World economic interdependence -Investment -Production -Employment -Trade -Study conclusions -Report recommendations -Interdependence of factors -Timing of study -August 15, 1971 speech by the President -Support for the President -Congress -US public -Report -Revision -Import surcharge -Export subsidy -Representation of majority -Labor members -Events between May and August 15, 1971 -Monetary policy -Moderation of inflation -Productivity increase -Exchange rate -Economic conditions -Exchange rates, monetary barriers, US inflation -Public views -Exchange rates -Japanese yen, German mark, European currencies -Inflationary spiral in the US
THE CARTER ADMINISTRATION
From 1963 to 1981, Gaylord Freeman was Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion. From 1969 to 1975, Grand Master Freeman was also chairman of the First National Bank of Chicago. Gaylord Freeman’s friend, Milton Friedman, was the leader of the “Chicago School” of economics based at the Rockefeller-funded University of Chicago, and also the winner of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics. Of Milton Friedman, Gaylord Freeman wrote, “no one has exerted greater influence on economic thinking in the United States than has he.” (p. 324) Friedman advocated laissez faire economics (“let them [corporations] do as they will”), i.e., unregulated by government.
Milton Friedman led a counter-revolution against Keynesian economics which advocated for fiscal policy by the public sector to regulate the private sector. Friedman lamely argued that “the central government could not micromanage the economy because people would realize what the government was doing and shift their behavior to neutralize the impact of policies.”... “His views of monetary policy, taxation, privatization and deregulation formed the policy of governments around the globe, most notably the administrations of Margaret Thatcher in the United Kingdom, Ronald Reagan in the United States and Augusto Pinochet in Chile.” (“Milton Friedman”; See also: “The Mont Pelerin Society”)
Contemporaries in the Chicago banking and academic community, Gaylord Freeman and Milton Friedman left their respective jobs in 1977 for other key positions.
Gaylord Freeman - 1910-1991 / First Nat. Bank of Chicago 1st National Bank of Chicago (1969-1975) Advisor to Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) / Washington, D.C.
Milton Freeman - 1912-2006 / University of Chicago University of Chicago (1946–77) Hoover Institution (1977–2006) / Stanford University
An abbreviated timeline shows the powerful influence the Prieuré de Sion and their Learned Elders of Sion on U.S. Presidents from 1953 to 1989, the administrations of Dwight D Eisenhower through Ronald Reagan.
EISENHOWER 1953-61 Gaylord Freeman, Senate Finance Committee study of U.S. financial system as assistant to Secretary of Treasury; member, Commission on Money and Credit C. Douglas Dillon, Undersecretary of State 1957 Mont Pelerin Society founded by Friedrich von Hayek 1962-69 Gaylord Freeman, Vice Chairman of the First National Bank of Chicago KENNEDY 1961-63 C. Douglas Dillon, Secretary of Treasury André Malraux, JFK meetings with DeGaulle; friendship with Jackie Kennedy Gaylord Freeman, advisory committee of ‘social scientists’, Commission on Money and Credit 1963-81 Gaylord Freeman, Grand Master of the Prieuré of Sion with Pierre Plantard JOHNSON 1963-69 C. Douglas Dillon, Secretary of Treasury 1969-75 Gaylord Freeman, Chairman and CEO, First National Bank of Chicago & First Chicago Corp. NIXON 1969-74 Gaylord Freeman, Williams Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy William E. Simon, Secretary of Treasury Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State Howard Phillips, Director, U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity & Executive Office of the President 1970-72 Milton Friedman, University of Chicago, President of the Mont Pelerin Society FORD 1974-77 Nelson, Rockefeller, Vice President William E. Simon, Secretary of Treasury Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense CARTER 1977-81 Gaylord Freeman, Advisor to Jimmy Carter Paul Volcker, Chairman of Federal Reserve Board 1981 Howard Phillips, Founder, Board of Governors, Council for National Policy William E. Simon, Council on Foreign Relations; Founder, Council for National Policy REAGAN 1981-89 Milton Friedman, Advisor
PAUL VOLCKER / THE FEDERAL RESERVE
The Chairman of President Obama’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board is Paul Volcker who served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board during the Carter and Reagan administrations. In his book, The Secrets of the Temple: How the Federal Reserve Runs the Country, “William Greider...offers a wealth of background on the history and workings of America’s central bank, plus a detailed log of Volker’s eight-year tenure as chairman of the Board of Governors. His main agenda, though, is challenging the FRB’s immunity to political and other pressures. In recounting the institution’s 1913 creation, for example, he asserts its independent status ‘effectively defined the limits of American democracy.’ By taming inflation, he subsequently concludes, the Volcker Fed gained de facto control of the US Government ‘with influence...superior to that of Congress and of the President...’” (Book review, The Secrets of the Temple)
“...When the Federal Reserve was created in 1913, purposely insulated from the hot breath of politics, the new institution effectively defined the permanent limits of American democracy... “Without the gold standard, money was on its own... Rather...money’s value in the long run depended on one essential variable—the money-supply management by the Federal Reserve... Congress allowed the Fed to adapt to the changing circumstances and, in effect, to discover step by step how it should manage money. This accidental evolution of the Fed’s powers was a crucial element contributing to the institution’s privileged political status, exempt from intensive oversight, for it allowed the central bank to expand its de facto authority gradually, without first submitting it to the test of congressional approval... The mystical assurances of gold were gone at last. A new secular temple, run by mortals, was entrusted with the secrets. “...In the course of fighting inflation, the Federal Reserve had gained the high ground and was in control of events. Its influence was superior to that of Congress and of the President, and, like any political institution that has seized control, the Federal Reserve and its chairman were not eager to yield.” (Secrets of the Temple, pp. 267, 283, 494)
The Sion Revelation reinforces the fact that the Prieuré de Sion is simply a religious front for the Learned Elders of Sion, i.e., the international Jewish banking cartel. And the Chicago banker, Gaylord Freeman, was their point man in the U.S., along with John Drick, A. Robert Abboud, and another Freeman.
“A curious article on the Priory of Sion appeared in the Belgian weekly Bonne Soiree on August 14, 1980; it was a translation of an article by Jania Macgillavray written a year or so earlier but doctored to include several items of information not then publicly known about the Priory... This said that, since Cocteau’s death in 1963, leadership of the Priory had resided with a triumvirate of Plantard, Gaylord Freeman, and Antonio Merzagora...
“Plantard’s two companions in the triumvirate named in Bonne Soiree—later confirmed to Baigent, Leigh, and Lincoln by Plantard himself—for the first time extended the story beyond France and also into the world of international high finance. “Presumably Antonion Merzagora was the Italian banker, an associate of the eminent industrialist Agostino Rocca (1895-1978, who was credited with creating the Italian steel industry in the 1930s and was head of the nationalized steel industry during the Second World War). But the alleged involvement of Gaylord Freeman (1910-1991) implied that the Priory’s influence extended even further afield. An extremely important and influential American banker and financier, he was most notably associated with the First National Bank of Chicago, of which he was Chairman between 1969 and 1975 (also playing a key role in establishing its famed art collection). Freeman was also an advisor on the economy to the U.S. government, for example chairing a presidential task force on inflation during the Carter administration... “The ‘official’ line changed again in 1989, when Vaincre stated that the Grand Master between 1963 and 1981 had been John E. Drick (1911-1982)—another prominent U.S. banker associated the First National Bank of Chicago.” (The Sion Revelation, pp. 258-260)
When Gaylord Freeman was an advisor to the Carter administration, even chairing a presidential task force, he was also Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion with Pierre Plantard de Saint-Clair. In other words, Jimmy Carter was receiving his instructions from the Prieuré de Sion. Paul Volcker was chairman of the Federal Reserve Board under Carter and was given credit for solving Carter’s inflation problem. However, according to The Sion Revelation, Gaylord Freeman chaired the presidential task force on inflation. Clearly, Paul Volcker was also receiving instructions from the Prieuré de Sion.
William Greider wrote in Secrets of the Temple of Volker’s capitulation to an important Chicago bank, Continental Illinois Bank.
“For two and a half years, oblivious to critics, Paul Volcker imposed his will on American economic life. He had stared down senators and presidential advisers. yet he could not stare down the directors of an important Chicago bank. When they said no and rejected his advice, the Federal Reserve chairman withdrew and allowed them to have their way. “There was a final, galling insult added to the Fed’s failure to prevail over Continental’s management. In 1983, with the annual rotation of membership, Roger Anderson, chairman of Continental Illinois, would join the Federal Advisory Council, the select group of twelve commercial bankers who met privately each quarter with the Federal Reserve Board. Volcker had tried to get him fired and failed. Roger Anderson would serve as one of Volker’s advisers.” (Secrets of the Temple, p. 537)
Greider suggests that the Fed chairman, Paul Volcker, and Continental Illinois Bank were adversaries. However, Continental Illinois, like the First National Bank of Chicago, was a Federal Reserve ‘dealer bank’ which charged interest on tax monies withdrawn by the U.S. Treasury:
“The direct line which leads from the participants in the Jekyll Island Conference of 1910 to the present day is illustrated by a passage from ‘A Primer on Money’, Committee on Banking and Currency, U.S. House of Representatives, 88th Congress, 2d session, August 5, 1964, p. 75:
“‘The practical effect of requiring all purchases to be made through the open market is to take money from the taxpayer and give it to the dealers. It forces the Government to pay a toll for borrowing money. There are six ‘bank’ dealers: First National City Bank of New York; Chemical Crop. Exchange Bank, New York, Morgan Guaranty Trust Co., New York, Bankers Trust of New York, First National Bank of Chicago, and Continental Illinois Bank of Chicago.”
“Thus the banks which receive a ‘toll’ on all money borrowed by the Government of the United States are the same banks which planned the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. There is ample evidence demonstrating the present preeminence of the same banks which set up the Federal Reserve System in 1914. For instance, Warren Brookes writes on the editorial page of The Washington Post, June 6, 1983:
“‘Citicorp (National City Bank and First National Bank of New York, merged in 1955) just recorded an 18.6% return on equity, J.P. Morgan, 17%, Chemical Bank and Bankers Trust, nearly 16%, an exceptional rate of return.’
“These are the banks which bought the first issue of Federal Reserve Bank stock in 1914, and which owned the controlling interest in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, which sets the interest rate and is the bank for all open market operations.” (Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Chapter 14: Congressional Expose, Eustace Mullins)
During the Carter Administration, the U.S. experienced rampant inflation, a severe recession, the Iranian hostage crisis and an oil crisis. As economic adviser to Jimmy Carter, did Gaylord Freeman, Grand Master of the Prieuré of Sion, steer the country into deep recession to prepare the way for the “Conservative Revolution”? And was Paul Volcker a Learned Elder of Sion, strategically placed to transition the United States from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan?
Before proceeding to answer this question, however, another crucial development occurred on President Carter’s watch which must not be overlooked.
|Bohemian Grove Members|
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Crockett, Cronkite, WalterWalter Cronkite, Cummings, Melvin EarlMelvin Earl Cummings, Curlett, WiliamWiliam Curlett, Cushing, Charles S.Charles S. Cushing, Cushing, Sidney B.Sidney B. Cushing, Davis, Andrew McFarlandAndrew McFarland Davis, Davis, Richmond P.Richmond P. Davis, Davis, Willis E.Willis E. Davis, de Fremery, Paul W.Paul W. de Fremery, De Long, George BowenGeorge Bowen De Long, De Sabla, Jr., Eugene de JolyEugene de Joly De Sabla, Jr., De Vecchi, PaoloPaolo De Vecchi, Dean, Walter E.Walter E. Dean, Dibble, Henry C.Henry C. Dibble, Dibblee, BenjaminBenjamin Dibblee, Dickman, Charles JohnCharles John Dickman, Dill, Sr., MarshallMarshall Dill, Sr., Dimond, Edwin R.Edwin R. Dimond, Dixon, MaynardMaynard Dixon, Dodge, David F.David F. Dodge, Dornin, George D.George D. Dornin, Douglass, KingmanKingman Douglass, Draper, T. W. MorganT. W. Morgan Draper, Draper III, William HenryWilliam Henry Draper III, Drum, Frank G.Frank G. Drum, Drury, AllenAllen Drury, du Pont, John EleuthèreJohn Eleuthère du Pont, Duffey, Edward J.Edward J. Duffey, Dunning, William B.William B. Dunning, Dumke, Glenn S.Glenn S. Dumke, Earl, Guy C.Guy C. Earl, Eastwood, ClintClint Eastwood, Eberle, Robert M.Robert M. Eberle, Edwards, Henry "Harry"Henry "Harry" Edwards, Edwards, J. PauldingJ. Paulding Edwards, Eldredge, Zoeth S.Zoeth S. Eldredge, Elkins, Felton B.Felton B. Elkins, Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower, Evans, George H.George H. Evans, Evans, Richard BungerRichard Bunger Evans, Everett, Sr., Wallace W.Wallace W. Everett, Sr., Fagan, James J.James J. Fagan, Fay, Charles W.Charles W. Fay, Fay, Paul B.Paul B. Fay, Faymonville, Philip R.Philip R. Faymonville, Felton, Charles N.Charles N. Felton, Fennimore, Watson D.Watson D. Fennimore, Fernald, Chester BaileyChester Bailey Fernald, Fernald, Reginald GoodwinReginald Goodwin Fernald, Ferrer, Manuel Y.Manuel Y. Ferrer, Feulner, EdwinEdwin Feulner, Charles K. Field, Charles K.Charles K. Charles K. Field, Field, George RussellGeorge Russell Field, Filer, Walter G.Walter G. Filer, Finnell, BushBush Finnell, Firestone, LeonardLeonard Firestone, Fisher, BudBud Fisher, Fisher, DonaldDonald Fisher, Fitch, Robert N.Robert N. Fitch, Fletcher, Robert HoweRobert Howe Fletcher, Flood, James L.James L. Flood, Folger, Ernest R.Ernest R. Folger, Folsom, Frank M.Frank M. Folsom, Fonda, Harry StuartHarry Stuart Fonda, Foote, Lucius HarwoodLucius Harwood Foote, Ford, GeraldGerald Ford, Ford, HenryHenry Ford, Ford, Joseph C.Joseph C. Ford, Ford, Tirey L.Tirey L. Ford, Forman, Sands W.Sands W. Forman, Foster, Arthur W.Arthur W. Foster, Frank, Anthony M.Anthony M. Frank, Freeman, J. EugeneJ. Eugene Freeman, Frenzeny, PaulPaul Frenzeny, Fritz, EmanuelEmanuel Fritz, Fuller, Jacob L.Jacob L. Fuller, Fuller, Jr., William ParmerWilliam Parmer Fuller, Jr., Galbraith, Evan G.Evan G. Galbraith, Garnett, PorterPorter Garnett, Geberding, AlbertAlbert Geberding, Gelbart, LarryLarry Gelbart, Genthe, ArnoldArnold Genthe, George, HenryHenry George, Gergen, DavidDavid Gergen, Glass, LouisLouis Glass, Giannini, MarioMario Giannini, Gilbert, Arthur HillArthur Hill Gilbert, Gilman, Daniel CoitDaniel Coit Gilman, Goldwater, BarryBarry Goldwater, Goodfellow, Geroge E.Geroge E. Goodfellow, Gove, Charles A.Charles A. Gove, Gow, P. GeorgeP. George Gow, Graham, Donald de V.Donald de V. Graham, Grant, Joseph D.Joseph D. Grant, Grau, EnriqueEnrique Grau, Gray, HarryHarry Gray, Grayson, Jr., Ellison C.Ellison C. Grayson, Jr., Greathouse, Clarence R.Clarence R. Greathouse, Greene, Clay M.Clay M. Greene, Grey, PercyPercy Grey, Griffin, Willard M.Willard M. Griffin, Grismer, Joseph R.Joseph R. Grismer, Gunter, Archibald ClaveringArchibald Clavering Gunter, Gurley, James F.James F. Gurley, Gutte, IsidoreIsidore Gutte, Hadley, Henry KimballHenry Kimball Hadley, Hale, Prentis CobbPrentis Cobb Hale, Hale, Reuben B.Reuben B. Hale, Hammond, Andrew B.Andrew B. Hammond, Hampe, Theodore MichaelTheodore Michael Hampe, Hanchett, Lewis E.Lewis E. Hanchett, Hancock, AllanAllan Hancock, Haraszthy, ArpadArpad Haraszthy, Harline, LeighLeigh Harline, Harrison, William GreerWilliam Greer Harrison, Hart, Jerome A.Jerome A. Hart, Harte, BretBret Harte, Hartley, Fred L.Fred L. Hartley, Harvey, J. DowneyJ. Downey Harvey, Haven, Charles D.Charles D. Haven, Hawes, Alexander G.Alexander G. Hawes, Hayakawa, S. I.S. I. Hayakawa, Hayward, Thomas B.Thomas B. Hayward, Hearst, William RandolphWilliam Randolph Hearst, Hecht, Marcus H.Marcus H. Hecht, Heney, Francis J.Francis J. Heney, Herold, Jr., RudolphRudolph Herold, Jr., Herrick, LesterLester Herrick, Herrin, William F.William F. Herrin, Hewlett, William ReddingtonWilliam Reddington Hewlett, Heyman, HenryHenry Heyman, Hill, BartonBarton Hill, Hill, Charles BartonCharles Barton Hill, Hill, Horace L.Horace L. Hill, Hill, ThomasThomas Hill, Holdridge, Ransome GillettRansome Gillett Holdridge, Hollister, Charles D.Charles D. Hollister, Holmes, Oliver WendellOliver Wendell Holmes, Hood, WilliamWilliam Hood, Hooker, C. OsgoodC. Osgood Hooker, Hoover, HerbertHerbert Hoover, Hotaling, Richard M.Richard M. Hotaling, Hotchkis, PrestonPreston Hotchkis, Houser, William D.William D. Houser, Howard, Jack R.Jack R. Howard, Howell, Josiah RowlandJosiah Rowland Howell, Humphrey, Charles FranklinCharles Franklin Humphrey, Hunt, LeRoy P.LeRoy P. Hunt, Huntington, Henry EdwardsHenry Edwards Huntington, Hyde, RothwellRothwell Hyde, Irvine, JamesJames Irvine, Irving, HenryHenry Irving, Irwin, BenoniBenoni Irwin, Irwin, JosephJoseph Irwin, Irwin, WallaceWallace Irwin, Irwin, William HenryWilliam Henry Irwin, Isenberg, Paul R.Paul R. Isenberg, Ives, George I.George I. Ives, Jenks, LivingstoneLivingstone Jenks, Jennings, Rufus P.Rufus P. Jennings, Johnson, Charles BartlettCharles Bartlett Johnson, Johnson, TomTom Johnson, Jones, David CharlesDavid Charles Jones, Jones, Philip MillsPhilip Mills Jones, Jones, Thomas VictorThomas Victor Jones, Jordan, David StarrDavid Starr Jordan, Jorgensen, ChristianChristian Jorgensen, Jorgenson, Virgil W.Virgil W. Jorgenson, Josselyn, CharlesCharles Josselyn, Joullin, AmedeeAmedee Joullin, Judson, Charles ChapelCharles Chapel Judson, Kaiser, Sr., Edgar F.Edgar F. Kaiser, Sr., Kaiser, Henry J.Henry J. Kaiser, Kawananakoa, DavidDavid Kawananakoa, Keeler, CharlesCharles Keeler, Keith, WilliamWilliam Keith, Kendrick, CharlesCharles Kendrick, Kennedy, Robert D.Robert D. Kennedy, Kenny, Frank G.Frank G. Kenny, Kerr, ClarkClark Kerr, Kerr, John C.John C. Kerr, Kissinger, HenryHenry Kissinger, Kluge, JohnJohn Kluge, Knight, AndrewAndrew Knight, Knowland, JoeJoe Knowland, Knowland, Joseph R.Joseph R. Knowland, Krebs, RobertRobert Krebs, Krulak, Victor H.Victor H. Krulak, Labaudt, LucienLucien Labaudt, Lankershim, James B.James B. Lankershim, Lapham, RogerRoger Lapham, Lathrop, BarbourBarbour Lathrop, Latimer, LorenzoLorenzo Latimer, Lawlor, William P.William P. Lawlor, Lawrence, Ernest O.Ernest O. Lawrence, Leach, StephenStephen Leach, Leavitt, Dana GibsonDana Gibson Leavitt, Lehman, JohnJohn Lehman, Lent, William M.William M. Lent, Lette, GeorgeGeorge Lette, Letts, ArthurArthur Letts, Levison, Jacob B.Jacob B. Levison, Lewis, Jr., Andrew L.Andrew L. Lewis, Jr., Lewis, Jr., Charles A.Charles A. Lewis, Jr., Lewis, Jr., David S.David S. Lewis, Jr., Linkletter, ArtArt Linkletter, Lilienthal, Philip N.Philip N. Lilienthal, Lipman, Frederick L.Frederick L. Lipman, Lippincott, Sara JaneSara Jane Lippincott, Lisser, LouisLouis Lisser, Littlefield, Edmund WattisEdmund Wattis Littlefield, Littlefield, JacquesJacques Littlefield, Lloyd, Reuben H.Reuben H. Lloyd, Lockhart III, James B.James B. Lockhart III, Logan, MauriceMaurice Logan, London, JackJack London, Lundborg, LouisLouis Lundborg, Lynch, James K.James K. Lynch, McAllister, M. HallM. Hall McAllister, McBean, AthollAtholl McBean, McCargar, JesseJesse McCargar, McCone, John A.John A. McCone, McDill, Alexander S.Alexander S. McDill, McDonald, James M.James M. McDonald, McDonald, Mark L.Mark L. McDonald, McDuffie, DuncanDuncan McDuffie, McHenry, DeanDean McHenry, McLaren, N. Loyall "Blackie"N. Loyall "Blackie" McLaren, McNeil, DennisDennis McNeil, Mascagni, PietroPietro Mascagni, Mathieu, Frank L.Frank L. Mathieu, Mathews, Arthur FrankArthur Frank Mathews, Marcelli, NinoNino Marcelli, Marcelli, UldericoUlderico Marcelli, Marshall, HenryHenry Marshall, Marshall, J. HowardJ. Howard Marshall, Martin, Robert CecilRobert Cecil Martin, Martínez, XavierXavier Martínez, Maybeck, BernardBernard Maybeck, Mayhew, Clarence W. W.Clarence W. W. Mayhew, Meese, EdwinEdwin Meese, Menzies, StewartStewart Menzies, Meyer, J. HenryJ. Henry Meyer, Miller, JoaquinJoaquin Miller, Mondavi, RobertRobert Mondavi, Moody, RalphRalph Moody, Moore, Arthur W.Arthur W. Moore, Moore, GordonGordon Moore, Mora, JoJo Mora, Morgan, Henry S.Henry S. Morgan, Morse, Carlton E.Carlton E. Morse, Moulder, Andrew J.Andrew J. Moulder, Moulin, GabrielGabriel Moulin, Mullally, ThornwellThornwell Mullally, Musin, OvideOvide Musin, Napthaly, Benjamin F.Benjamin F. Napthaly, Neumann, PaulPaul Neumann, Newcomb, ThomasThomas Newcomb, Neylan, John FrancisJohn Francis Neylan, Nimitz, Chester W.Chester W. Nimitz, Nixon, George S.George S. Nixon, Nixon, Richard M.Richard M. Nixon, Norris, Charles GilmanCharles Gilman Norris, Norris, FrankFrank Norris, O'Connell, DanielDaniel O'Connell, O'Keefe, SeanSean O'Keefe, O'Reilly, David J.David J. O'Reilly, Oliver, RolandRoland Oliver, Oliver, William LettsWilliam Letts Oliver, Osbourne, SamuelSamuel Osbourne, Packard, DavidDavid Packard, Paderewski, Ignacy JanIgnacy Jan Paderewski, Patigian, HaigHaig Patigian, Patterson, Sr., William A.William A. Patterson, Sr., Pauley, Edwin W.Edwin W. Pauley, Paulson, Allen E.Allen E. Paulson, Payne, Theodore F.Theodore F. Payne, Payne, Warren R.Warren R. Payne, Peixotto, Edgar D.Edgar D. Peixotto, Peterson, Rudolph A.Rudolph A. Peterson, Pflueger, Timothy L.Timothy L. Pflueger, Phelan, James D.James D. Phelan, Phleger, HermanHerman Phleger, Piazzoni, GottardoGottardo Piazzoni, Pichel, IrvingIrving Pichel, Platt, Horace GarvinHorace Garvin Platt, Polk, WillisWillis Polk, Powell, ColinColin Powell, Queen, Richard E.Richard E. Queen, Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan, Redding, Joseph D.Joseph D. Redding, Redman, GranvilleGranville Redman, Reichardt, Carl E.Carl E. Reichardt, Rhodes, William HenryWilliam Henry Rhodes, Richardson, William C.William C. Richardson, Rickenbacker, EddieEddie Rickenbacker, Ritschel, WilliamWilliam Ritschel, Rix, JulianJulian Rix, Roberts, George R.George R. Roberts, Robertson, PeterPeter Robertson, Rockefeller, Jr., DavidDavid Rockefeller, Jr., Rockefeller, Sr., DavidDavid Rockefeller, Sr., Rogers, R. C.R. C. Rogers, Roller, Albert F.Albert F. Roller, Rolph, Jr., JamesJames Rolph, Jr., Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt, Rosch, J. ThomasJ. Thomas Rosch, Roth, William M.William M. Roth, Rulofson, WilliamWilliam Rulofson, Rumsfeld, DonaldDonald Rumsfeld, Sabin, Wallace ArthurWallace Arthur Sabin, Salvini, TommasoTommaso Salvini, Sayre, J. H.J. H. Sayre, Scheffauer, Herman GeorgeHerman George Scheffauer, Schenck, CasparCaspar Schenck, Schwab, Charles R.Charles R. Schwab, Schwarzer, WilliamWilliam Schwarzer, Scripps, CharlesCharles Scripps, Seaborg, Glenn T.Glenn T. Seaborg, Seitz, FrederickFrederick Seitz, Selvage, EugeneEugene Selvage, Sesnon, William T.William T. Sesnon, Shearing, GeorgeGeorge Shearing, Sherman, FrederickFrederick Sherman, Shiels, J. WilsonJ. Wilson Shiels, Shultz, George P.George P. Shultz, Sibley, RobertRobert Sibley, Simpson, John L.John L. Simpson, Smith, H. E.H. E. Smith, Smith, William FrenchWilliam French Smith, Snow, TonyTony Snow, Spreckels, Adolph B.Adolph B. Spreckels, Spreckels, ClausClaus Spreckels, Sproul, Robert GordonRobert Gordon Sproul, Stackpole, RalphRalph Stackpole, Starr, KennethKenneth Starr, Starr, KevinKevin Starr, Steindorff, PaulPaul Steindorff, Stephens, H. MorseH. Morse Stephens, Sterling, GeorgeGeorge Sterling, Sterling, WallaceWallace Sterling, Stevens, Roger L.Roger L. Stevens, Stever, GuyfordGuyford Stever, Stewart, Humphrey JohnHumphrey John Stewart, Stoddard, Charles WarrenCharles Warren Stoddard, Stone, Michael P. W.Michael P. W. Stone, Stoutenborough, C. H.C. H. Stoutenborough, Stow, VanderlynnVanderlynn Stow, Swan, Benjamin R.Benjamin R. Swan, Swinnerton, JimmyJimmy Swinnerton, Symington, James W.James W. Symington, Tavernier, JulesJules Tavernier, Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft, Templeton, AlecAlec Templeton, Teschemacher, H. F.H. F. Teschemacher, Tharp, Newton J.Newton J. Tharp, Thomas, John CharlesJohn Charles Thomas, Thomas, Jr., LowellLowell Thomas, Jr., Thomas, Sr., LowellLowell Thomas, Sr., Tibbett, LawrenceLawrence Tibbett, Tilden, DouglasDouglas Tilden, Tilden, JosephJoseph Tilden, Traub, MarvinMarvin Traub, Tressider, DonaldDonald Tressider, Turner, Fred L.Fred L. Turner, Twain, MarkMark Twain, Unger, F. L.F. L. Unger, van Sloun, FrankFrank van Sloun, Volk, HarryHarry Volk, von Clemm, MichaelMichael von Clemm, Waldrop, UdaUda Waldrop, Wallace, William T.William T. Wallace, Watson, Jr., ThomasThomas Watson, Jr., Wedemeyer, Albert CoadyAlbert Coady Wedemeyer, Wells, William V.William V. Wells, Wells, F. MarionF. Marion Wells, Weill, RaphaelRaphael Weill, Weinberger, CasparCaspar Weinberger, Wheat, Carl IrvingCarl Irving Wheat, Wheeler, Benjamin IdeBenjamin Ide Wheeler, Wheeler, Charles StetsonCharles Stetson Wheeler, Whymper, FrederickFrederick Whymper, Wilbur, Ray LymanRay Lyman Wilbur, Williams, John H.John H. Williams, Williams, VirgilVirgil Williams, Williamson, J. C.J. C. Williamson, Wilson, CareyCarey Wilson, Wilson, Russell J.Russell J. Wilson, Winter, WilliamWilliam Winter, Witter, Jean C.Jean C. Witter, Wood, DaleDale Wood, Woods, JamesJames Woods, Wores, TheodoreTheodore Wores, Wouk, HermanHerman Wouk, Yale, Charles G.Charles G. Yale, Yoell, Rodney A.Rodney A. Yoell, Young, WaldemarWaldemar Young, Zindars, EarlEarl Zindars,|