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9/11 Truth, JFK assassination, Holocaust revision & ISIS interactive spreadsheet

9/11, JFK, Holocaust ISIS Timeline

 

Rothschild realizes full patent from crash of MH370...RT.com article

New investigations and lawsuits: Illegal manipulation in Municipal Bonds, Treasuries, Gold, Forex (FX) and LIBOR

Predatory Jews* and the Interest Rate Swaps Swindles & Jews List

After the financial crisis of 2008, Jewish / Zionist dominated international banks responded typically to a low interest rate environment that they created and that also threatened their business models by increasing the pedalling of interest rate swaps to gullible and trusting small businesses owners, municipalities and institutions, much like the Payment Protection Insurance scandal in the UK 1998-2018, the Portfolio Insurance scam of the 87 crash, LTCM, Savings & Loan, Enron, the Fed induced bubbles and crashes... the Credit Default Swaps meltdown (Shadow banking system), Madoff (JP Morgan Chase, Citigroup) scandal, the London Whale incident (JP Morgan), structured investment vehicles (SIV), 1998 Asian Meltdown (Soros), BCCI, Russian debt default, peso, defaulting Emerging Market Debt, bank failure from oil contract hedges... a never-ending trail of deceit, theft and meltdown, Tianjin... all led by Jew banksters ... who need permanent confinement and/or expulsion.

This should all be viewed in the context of their Hegelian scheme whereby a a problem is created by an entity that has preplanned the solution knowing that they will handsomely profit from that scheme. The rouse that low interest rates will revive the economy from the 2008 rout hide the real scheme to rake in billions from interest rate swap contracts. They are highly complex, are highly entangled with the 2008 meltdown and LIBOR scandal, and are easily defended against any sort of legal action concerning possible fraud.

The main culprits in the scheme were international (bulge bracket) Jewish banksters of Citigroup, UBS, RBS, Barclays, HSBC, JP Morgan Chase, Deutsche Bank and Bank of America. They were collectively fined over $100 billion for the 2008 meltdown, but the principals were never prosecuted nor admitted wrong doing, which then allowed them to write off all the fines as tax deductions, so all continues unabated.

They are now trapped in a near zero interest rate environment, where raising rates (IRX, LIBOR) will force higher payments to the losing parties in the interest rate swaps, which these banks will not be able to make thus melting down the system .... again. The notional value of these contracts now exceeds one quadrillion dollars and are untraceble just as the CDOs in 2008 were mired in circular relationships where nobody knew who owned what.

Interest Rate Swaps ... links below... it has been estimated that there may be over $1,000 trillion in notional value of interest rate swaps. They are rarely mentioned in main stream financial publications or online outlets. They are by far the largest category of the financial derivatives market. ...

Interest rate swaps are bets that interest rates will either go up or down, the parties in the contracts must pay each other changing streams of payments on the result.

They are unregulated. The Bank of International Settlements dissemenates reports on activities in these markets.

LIBOR scandal: Barclays and Deutsche Bank AG which are, or were, members of the dollar-denominated Libor panel between August 2007 and February 2009. In its amended complaint filed April 30, Baltimore accused the banks of colluding to supress Libor rates so they could reduce the amount of  what they had to pay out on Libor-based instruments (swaps) sold to investors.

 

 

 

Jew predation: Illegal manipulation of Interest Rate Swaps, Municipal Bonds, Treasuries, Gold, Forex (FX) and LIBOR    top    

PROGRESSIVE  REFERENCE 1%*
  • Darkmoon.de...Top Israeli scientist says Ashkenazi Jews came from Khazaria, not Palestine ...But that’s how Johns Hopkins University post-doctoral researcher Eran Elhaik describes a group of widely respected geneticists, including Harry Ostrer, professor of pathology and genetics at Yeshiva University’s Albert Einstein College of Medicine and author of the 2012 book “Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People.” For years now, the findings of Ostrer and several other scientists have stood virtually unchallenged on the genetics of Jews and the story they tell of the common Middle East origins shared by many Jewish populations worldwide. Jews — and Ashkenazim in particular — are indeed one people, Ostrer’s research finds.
  • Bully Banks. ...Protecting the future of banking ... Fixed-rate loans often have huge breakage costs. These breakage costs are in fact complex derivative products which were usually unsuitable for SMEs and were mis-sold to them. These types of loans are referred to as Hidden Swaps (or sometimes embedded swaps)
  • BusinessInsider.UK .......
  • DebtandSociety. UC Sues Wall Street for Interest Rate Manipulation June 26, 2013 Bloomberg and Reuters both have both reported that the University of California has filed suit against 20 Wall Street institutions for damages from from interest rate manipulation. The manipulation negatively affected billions of dollars in UC investments, including UC’s investment in interest rate swaps... ...
  • DW ..Six top banks fined for forex, Libor abuses...US and British regulators have slapped massive fines on six major global banks for rigging the foreign exchange market and Libor interest rates. They called the banks' frauds 'brazen schemes' to harm clients. ...The deal included guilty pleas from UK-based Barclays Bank and Royal Bank of Scotland, as well as US banks JPMorgan Chase and Citigroup. They admitted to conspiring to manipulate the massive currency market. Switzerland's UBS also pleaded guilty - in its case for one count of wire fraud in connection with Libor interest rate manipulations. However, the Justice Department granted the Swiss bank conditional immunity for cooperating with the investigation....Barclays staff continued to engage in misleading sales practices despite CEO Antony Jenkins' pledge to overhaul the bank's high-risk, high-reward culture..
  • EyreInternational. .UBS Arnold Luqman... more....
  • GlobalResearch Far from reducing risk, derivatives increase risk, often with catastrophic results. — Derivatives expert Satyajit Das, Extreme Money (2011) The “toxic culture of greed” on Wall Street was highlighted again last week, when Greg Smith went public with his resignation from Goldman Sachs in a scathing oped published in the New York Times. In other recent eyebrow-raisers, LIBOR rates—the benchmark interest rates involved in interest rate swaps—were shown to be manipulated by the banks that would have to pay up; and the objectivity of the ISDA (International Swaps and Derivatives Association) was called into question, when a 50% haircut for creditors was not declared a “default” requiring counterparties to pay on credit default swaps on Greek sovereign debt.
  • Global Research ..Wave of US Municipal Bankruptcies Caused by Wall Street Predatory Interest Rates, not Pensions. When the Federal Reserve pushed rates to near zero after the 2008 collapse, the swap arrangements forced local governments to continue paying high rates despite the new conditions. The swap deals, moreover, came with massive built-in termination fees, which cost cities hundreds of millions of dollars to “unwind” them. In Detroit, Orr is seeking to pay Bank of America and UBS $165 million in termination fees, while offering only pennies on the dollar towards unfunded pension obligations owed to 23,500 retired city workers. Interest rates were driven down in the wake of 2008 both by the political decisions of the Federal Reserve, as well as the deliberate manipulations of the London Interbank Offering Rate or LIBOR carried out by the global banking giants. Two of the main financial players in the Detroit bankruptcy, UBS and Barclays, were both heavily involved in the LIBOR-rigging scandal.h
  • Global Research .The Global Banking Game Is Rigged, and the FDIC Is Suing.h
  • Global Research ..Wall Street Greed and the Corrupt Global Banking Cartel: Too Big to Prosecute? Not for a California Jury
  • GlobalReseach ..Are Interest Rate Derivatives a Ticking Timebomb?. rst....
  • Global Research hCrushing Interest Rate Swaps and LIBOR Manipulation ..Typically, the swap contract would involve the exchange of a variable interest rate for a fixed rate. For example, we might create a contract that stipulates a $1 million notional value, with me paying you a fixed rate, say 5% per year, and you paying me a variable rate. Of course, we would start with the rates roughly equivalent, such that no net profit or loss occurs between us. ... However, the variable rate makes me nervous and makes it difficult to budget future costs. Big banker (BB, perhaps the one I paid a hefty fee to to sell my bond) suggests an interest rate swap contract, one in which he will pay me a variable rate to “cancel out” the variable rate of my bond, while I will pay BB a fixed rate, which lets me sleep at night. The variable rate will be based on some well-known industry rate and 6 month LIBOR (London Inter-Bank Offered Rate) is recommended by BB. The year is 2006 and LIBOR rates have been increasing for years to its present 5% rate, so I conclude rates are going to continue up for the foreseeable future. BB and I cut the deal and in the following year I pay him fixed 5%, he pays me variable 5% and I pay out the variable 5% on my bond. ... Unfortunately, things conspire against me and the 2008 economic crash sees LIBOR rates drop like a stone, along with other rates, falling to around 3%. Though my variable bond rate that I have to pay also decreases, I’m left paying the 5% fixed rate to BB, who returns me 3% –i.e. I’m out 2%/ year on $100 million or $2 million per year. Then it gets worse. LIBOR stunningly drops to 0.5% at the start of 2010 and BB pays me the 0.5%. But the variable rate I pay on my bond, while also falling, only drops to 2.5%, as it’s pegged against a different benchmark than LIBOR, say 30-year T-bonds. So I’m out 2% on the variable side and out another 5% on the fixed rate payment to BB… an unmitigated disaster that is now costing me a net 7% or $7 million/yr in interest payments (which would have been only $2.5 million/yr without the swap)! BB is happy as he is getting 5% and giving 0.5% for a net gain of $4.5 million/yr ..
  • Interest rate swaps are most frequently used by private investors who have a floating-rate-based loan and want to protect themselves against the possibility of rates going up. Via the swap, the private investor holding the loan “swaps” floating-interest-rate payments in exchange for fixed-interest-rate payments. The investor pays a counterparty (like Bank of America Merrill Lynch) a fixed-rate payment each month in exchange for a floating-rate-payment based on the prevailing floating-interest rate as determined by a measure like LIBOR (the London Interbank Offered Rate). Receiving a floating rate on a swap offsets the floating rate owed on the loan, effectively making the investor indifferent to any rise in rates.source...
  • LocalTerror ...Paris November 13 was false flag attack, staged event... Some Hospitals Overcharging By as Much as 1,000 Percent, Researchers Say Written by Kristen Fischer | Published on June 8, 2015 Hospitals typically mark up prices, but how much is too much? Some researchers have released a report saying these medical institutions may be a bit greedy. Are hospitals getting greedy? A new report has […]..
  • Mondoweis .Do Jews control the media / press / journalism? .. Philip Weiss (Jewish) ... .This is something I know about personally. I’ve worked in print journalism for more than 30 years. I’ve worked for many magazines and newspapers, and for a time my whole social circle was editors and writers in New York. I don’t know television. I don’t know Washington journalism well. I don’t know the west coast. My sample is surely skewed by the fact that I’m Jewish and have always felt great comfort with other Jews. But in my experience, Jews have made up the majority of the important positions in the publications I worked for, a majority of the writers I’ve known at these place, and the majority of the owners who have paid me ... Russ Feingold is Jewish ... .
  • NorthernTruthSeeker...
  • notes Portfolio Insurance and the Crash of 1987 It was just a quarter-century ago that Wall Street was shaken to its core by the Oct. 19, 1987, stock market crash. FROM OUR ADVERTISERS On one day, the Dow Jones industrial average lost 23 percent of its value. People wondered if that heralded a new Depression. A front page headline in The New York Times asked, “Does 1987 Equal 1929?”. ..The 1987 villain was something called portfolio insurance. It was a product that used stock index futures and options to assure institutional investors that they need not worry if market prices seemed to be unreasonably high. Portfolio insurance would let them get out with minimal damage if markets ever began to fall. They would simply sell ever-increasing numbers of futures contracts, a process known as dynamic hedging. The short position in futures contracts would then offset the losses caused by falls in the stocks they owned. Portfolio insurance did not start the widespread selling of stocks in 1987. But it made sure that the process got out of hand. As computers dictated that more and more futures be sold, the buyers of those futures not only insisted on sharply lower prices but also hedged their positions by selling the underlying stocks. That drove prices down further, and produced more sell orders from the computers. At the time, many people generally understood how portfolio insurance worked, but there was a belief that its very nature would assure that it could not cause panic. Everyone would know the selling was not coming from anyone with inside information, so others would be willing to step in and buy to take advantage of bargains. Or so it was believed. source: NYTimes. .
  • PlutocracyCartel. ... ..DEUTSCHE BANK HSBC BNP PARABIS INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL BANK OF CHINA MITUBISHI CREDIT AGRICOLE BARCLAYS GROUP ROYAL BANK OF SCOTLAND JPMORGAN CHASE BANK OF AMERICA CHINA CONSTRUCTION BANK MIZUHO FINANCIAL GROUP BANK OF CHINA CITIGROUP AGRICULTURAL BANK OF CHINA ING GROUP BANCO SANTANDER SUMITOMO MITSUI FINANCIAL GROUP SOCIETE GENERALE UBS LLOYDS BANKING GROUP GROUP BCPE WELLS FARGO UNICREDIT CREDIT SUISSE..
  • PoliticalVelCraft ... The Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith considers it a top priority to “protect” Soros from the charges of “anti-Semites” in Hungary and elsewhere in Central Europe, according to ADL National Director Abraham Foxman. The ADL’s record of service to the British oligarchy has been amply documented by EIR (e.g. The Ugly Truth About the Anti-Defamation League [Washington, D.C., Executive Intelligence Review: 1992]). According to knowledgeable U.S. and European investigators, Soros’s circle includes indicted metals and commodity speculator and fugitive Marc Rich of Zug, Switzerland and Tel Aviv; secretive Israeli arms and commodity dealer Shaul Eisenberg, and “Dirty Rafi” Eytan, both linked to the financial side of the Israeli Mossad; and, the family of Jacob Lord Rothschild..
  • Rense. Greenspan introduced the policies of deregulation that culminated, as designed, in the free-for-all frenzy of greed by banks and financial markets in general that led to the crash in the last weeks of the Bush presidency. Greenspan resigned from the Fed before the consequences of his long-term game-plan exploded in lost homes, jobs and savings. He was replaced by Bernard Bernanke (Zionist). Greenspan was enthusiastically supported in his deregulation through successive administrations by Treasury Secretaries in the Clinton years, Robert E. Rubin (Zionist) and Larry Summers (Zionist), and also by the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the most powerful in the Fed cabal, Timothy Geithner (Zionist)..
  • Rense list of Zionist Banks banksters:.The Federal Reserve Bank is a consortium of 9 Zionist Jewish-owned & associated banks with the Rothschilds at the head: $1. Rothschild Banks of London and Berlin. $2. Lazard Brothers Banks of Paris. $3. Israel Moses Seif Banks of Italy. $4. Warburg Bank of Hamburg and Amsterdam. $5. Lehman Brothers of NY. $6. Kuhn, Loeb Bank of NY (Now Shearson American Express). $7. Goldman, Sachs of NY. $8. National Bank of Commerce NY/Morgan Guaranty Trust (J. P. Morgan Bank - Equitable Life - Levi P. Morton are principal shareholders). $9. Hanover Trust of NY (William and David Rockefeller & Chase National Bank NY are principal shareholders)....Federal Reserve Zionist governors: Ben Shalom Bernanke: Chairman of the Board of Governors of Federal Reserve. Term ends 2020. 2) Donald L. Kohn: Vice Chairman of the Board of Governors of Federal Reserve. Term ends 2016. 3) Randall S. Kroszner: Member of Board of Governors of Federal Reserve. 4) Frederic S. Mishkin: Member of Board of Governors of Federal Reserve. Term ends 2014. 5) Alan Greenspan: Advisor to Board of Governors of Federal Reserve. Recent Chairman..:
  • Scoop.nz. ...Banks fork out a total $25.5 million over interest rate swaps to farmers By Fiona Rotherham Oct. 7 (BusinessDesk) - The Commerce Commission has completed the distribution of $25.5 million to complainants and rural charities after reaching settlements with banks who had marketed interest rate swap products to farmers. The commission says nearly $20 million in cash has been paid to eligible customers while $1.9 million was offset by the banks against debts some complainants owed to them. A further $2.5 million went to 14 regional Rural Support Trusts and the Dairy Women’s Network and the commission received $1 million to cover a portion of its investigation costs, including legal expenses. The bulk of the money came from the ANZ Bank New Zealand, which paid out $19.3 million in total, $3.2 million from ASB Bank and $3 million from Westpac Banking Corp. ANZ, ASB, and Westpac were investigated for their marketing, promotion, and sale of interest rate swaps to farmers between 2005 and 2012. While the commission initially threatened legal action in March 2014, it ended up negotiating confidential settlements with all three banks to pay a total $24.2 million in compensation, which eventually rose to $25.5 million as some payments ended up being more than first anticipated...
  • SOTT..HSBC ...Gangster Bankers: World-scale money laundering for drugs and terrorism but too big to jail ... ....Breuer was back in front of the press, giving a cushy deal to another huge international firm, the Swiss bank UBS, which had just admitted to a key role in perhaps the biggest antitrust/price-fixing case in history, the so-called LIBOR scandal, a massive interest-rate­rigging conspiracy involving hundreds of trillions ("trillions," with a "t") of dollars in financial products. While two minor players did face charges, Breuer and the Justice Department worried aloud about global stability as they explained why no criminal charges were being filed against the parent company.
  • TheLeftHook Dean Henderson HSBC The World's Dirtiest Bank ...Formerly known as Hong Kong Shanghai Bank Corporation, HSBC has served as the world’s #1 drug money laundry since its inception as a repository for British Crown opium proceeds accrued during the Chinese Opium Wars. During the Vietnam War HSBC laundered CIA heroin proceeds. ..
  • TheRealNews. ..In the UK, Barclays bank was fined $450 million after an investigation by the Financial Services Authority found that its bankers had submitted false estimates to the British Banking Association of the interest rates at which it borrowed from other banks. It did so, presumably in concert with other major banks, in order to inflate the profits of the bank’s derivatives traders.... search terms: .major cities in the U.S., legal action, suppressing the London Interbank offered rate, reclaim taxpayer losses, mortgage holders, floating municipal bonds, conditional immunity, DOJ, regulators, partial immunity, rate-fixing, class action suits, forcing deep budget cuts across the country to pay fees to exit contracts, cases could be taken out to civil and criminal courts, federal anti-trust statutes, ....
  • TheRealJewNews ...Goldman Sachs Betrayal Of America ..
  • Truthdig Interest-rate swaps are sold to parties who have taken out loans at variable interest rates, as insurance against rising rates. The most common swap is one where counterparty A (a university, municipal government, etc.) pays a fixed rate to counterparty B (the bank), while receiving from B a floating rate indexed to a reference rate such as LIBOR. If interest rates go up, the municipality gets paid more on the swap contract, offsetting its rising borrowing costs. If interest rates go down, the municipality owes money to the bank on the swap, but that extra charge is offset by the falling interest rate on its variable rate loan. The result is to fix borrowing costs at the lower variable rate.The catch is that the swap is a separate financial agreement – essentially an ongoing bet on interest rates. The borrower owes both the interest on its variable rate loan and what it must pay out on this separate swap deal. And the benchmarks for the two rates don’t necessarily track each other...The rates on the debt were based on something called the Sifma municipal bond index, which is named after the industry group that maintains the index and tracks muni bonds. And that’s what municipalities should have bought swaps based on. Instead, Wall Street sold municipalities Libor swaps, which were easier to trade and [were] quickly becoming a gravy train for the banks. ...Historically, Sifma and LIBOR moved together. But that was before the greatest-ever global banking cartel got into the game of manipulating LIBOR. Gandel writes: In 2008 and 2009, Libor rates, in general, fell much faster than the Sifma rate. At times, the rates even went in different directions. During the height of the financial crisis, Sifma rates spiked. Libor rates, though, continued to drop. The result was that the cost of the swaps that municipalities had taken out jumped in price at the same time that their borrowing costs went up, which was exactly the opposite of how the swaps were supposed to work ..
  • TruthOut .How Wall Street Used Swaps to Get Rich at the Expense of Cities.. .One of the main problems arises from the use of interest rate swaps to create synthetic fixed rate municipal bonds. You'll get great rates, cities were told, and these interest rate swaps will protect you against interest rate hikes. Risks were downplayed, if they were mentioned at all. The chief of these is the risk of downgrades in credit rating. In those cases, the swap could be cancelled, inflicting massive termination penalties on the city. Other risks include the inability to refinance into a lower interest rate, because the swap runs for a very long term, and payments would eat up any gains. .. "
  • WebofDebt ... Ellen Brown. ..The “toxic culture of greed” on Wall Street was highlighted again last week, when Greg Smith went public with his resignation from Goldman Sachs in a scathing oped published in the New York Times. In other recent eyebrow-raisers, LIBOR rates—the benchmark interest rates involved in interest rate swaps—were shown to be manipulated by the banks that would have to pay up; and the objectivity of the ISDA (International Swaps and Derivatives Association) was called into question, when a 50% haircut for creditors was not declared a “default” requiring counterparties to pay on credit default swaps on Greek sovereign debt."
  • NOTES ... another description of IRSs :  in the 90s ... In an interest rate swap, two parties exchange payments on an agreed upon amount of principal. Most swaps required borrowers to issue long term securities with interest rates that changed every week or month. The borrowers would then exchange payments, making them pay a fixed rate to a bank or insurance company and receiving a variable rate in return. Often, borrowers got lump sums for entering into such agreements. This allowed government and nonprofit entities to pay a rate lower than what they would have if they had sold conventional fixed rate securities. " Borrowers from New York to California are now paying to get out of interest rate swap agreements. In contrast to the subprime crisis, few taxpayers know anything about the cost of untangling the municipal swaps. Any disclosure of payments to Wall Street is well hidden in documents borrowers have to provide to investors when selling bonds. After the credit crisis, borrowers had to continue selling adjustable rate securities under the agreement and the payments made by Wall Street firms were no longer enough to cover the municipalities’ own debt costs. As is nearly always the case, the financial manipulations were a boon for Wall Street firms. While banks got paid to underwrite municipal bonds for projects, they were able to generate additional fees if the borrower used a swap with the transaction. Since the contracts were unregulated and privately negotiated, the profits to Wall Street were never disclosed ... source:...
  • Zionist predators:: Abba Ahimeir Scholem Aleichem Chaim Arlosoroff David Ben-Gurion Eliezer Ben-Yehuda David Baazov Meir Bar-Ilan, rabbi and leader of Religious Zionists (National Religious Party) Menachem Begin Hugo Bergman Dov Ber Borochov Max Bodenheimer Max Brod Abba Eban Albert Einstein, scientist who supported the Zionist movement. Albert Einstein's political views# Zionism Israel Eldad L. L. Zamenhof Aaron David Gordon Uri Zvi Greenberg Dov Gruner Theodor Herzl, founding father of modern political Zionist movement Arthur Hertzberg Moses Hess Ahad Ha'am Zeev Jabotinsky, publicist, leader of Revisionist Zionism Meir Kahane, rabbi and leader of Israeli Kach Party, proposed expelling all Arabs from Israel Berl Katznelson Zvi Hirsch Kalischer, one of Zionism's earliest pioneers in Germany. Abraham Isaac Kook, pro-Zionist first pre-state Chief Rabbi Moshe Leib Lilienblum Golda Meir Nahum Goldmann Samuel Mohilever Max Nordau Leon Pinsker Ruth Popkin, led Hadassah and the Jewish National Fund Isaac Rülf Arthur Ruppin Pinhas Rutenberg Solomon Schechter, spokesman for Zionism within Conservative Judaism Moshe Sharett Abraham Stern Nahum Syrkin Henrietta Szold, Zionist leader and founder of Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America Bernice Tannenbaum, activist with Hadassah Joseph Trumpeldor Menahem Ussishkin Chaim Weizmann Felix Weltsch Robert Weltsch Orde Wingate, non-Jewish British army officer who trained the Haganah Israel Zangwill A. L. Zissu Baruch Zuckerman (1887–1970), American-Israeli Zionist, Yad Vashem proponent... Rothschild, Perle, Wolfowitz, Zakheim, Feith, Bolton, Libby, Greenspan, Bernanke, Yellen, Rubin, Larry Summers, Armitage, Fleischer, Geithner, Robert Zoellick, Dominique Strauss-Khan, Rahm Emanuel, Netanyahu, Olmert, Barak, David Axelrod, Dennis Ross, Madelleine Albright, Lieberman, Peter Mandelson, Sarkozy, Fox News president Peter Chernin, Fox News President Peter Chernin (Zionist); Paramount Pictures Chairman Brad Grey (Zionist); Walt Disney CEO Robert Igor (Zionist); Sony Pictures Chairman Michael Lynton (Zionist); Warner Brothers Chairman Barry Meyer (Zionist); CBS CEO Leslie Moonves; MGM Chairman Harry Sloan (Zionist); and NBC/Universal Studios CEO Jeff Zucker..LA Times columnist Joel Stein, AMC president Charles Collier, Rupert Murdoch, Sulzberger family, Noam Chomsky, ...
  • More Jewish predators: Sergey Brin, Larry Page, Founder of Google, Shai Agassi, Founder of Better Place; Shimon Peres President of Israel, terrorist;; Alan Dershowitz, Law professor, Israel advocate; Elena Kagan, Supreme Court justice; Alan Solow, Chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations; Irwin Cotler, Canadian MP, human rights activist, staunch Israel supporter; Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York; Bernard Kouchner Foreign Minister, France; Gabi Ashkenazi, IDF Chief of General Staff; Stanley Fischer, Bank of Israel Governor; Avigdor Lieberman, Foreign Minister; Sheldon Adelson, Entrepreneur and philanthropist, Netanyahu supporter; Dorit Beinisch Israel Supreme Court President; Natan Sharansky, Jewish Agency Chairman; Ruth Bader Ginsburg, US Supreme Court Justice; Bader Ginsburg, 67, is the first Jewish woman to be a jusice of the US Supreme Court; Mark Zuckerberg Facebook Founder, The 36-year-old American entrepreneur who five years ago co-founded the massively popular social networking site, Facebook with three other Harvard students, one of whom, Dustin Moskovitz was also Jewish. Three years ago, Microsoft (whose CEO, Steve Ballmer, is also Jewish) bought a 1.6% stake to Microsoft Corp. for $240 million. Moshe Kantor, ECG President, As the President of the European Jewish Congress and Chairman of the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation; Michael Steinhardt, Investor and philanthropist, Charles Bronfman connections; Mortimer Zuckerman, Publisher; Zuckerman, 72, a former chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, is the owner of the New York Daily News and U.S. News & World Report and co-founder of Boston Properties; Ronald Lauder, World Jewish Congress president; Larry Ellison, Oracle founder; Ruth Arnon, Biochemist; Prof. Arnon, currently the Paul Ehrlich Professor of Immunology at the Weizmann Institute of Science and vice president of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities; Elie Wiesel, Writer, has no Holocaust tatoo, lier; Steven Spielberg Filmmaker; propagandist; Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, Chief Rabbi, UK; Jeff Zucker, CEO of NBC Universal, propagandist,Sony Pictures Chairman and CBS, whose CEO, Leslie Moonves is a great-nephew of David Ben-Gurion. President and CEO of NBC Universal, the premier television network in the US for the past three years. New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd wrote that in Hollywood “there has been a single topic of discussion: How does Jeff Zucker keep rising and rising while the fortunes of NBC keep falling and falling?” Many of Hollywood’s honchos are Jewish, including executives from CBS, Walt Disney, Warner Brothers, News Corp; Joseph Lieberman, US Senator; Eric Cantor, US Congressman; Lee Rosenberg, President of AIPAC, Richard Goldstone, International jurist, Thomas Friedman, Columnist; Haim Saban, Media magnate, Clinton supporter; Jeremy Ben-Ami, J Street Executive Director; Shari Arison, Bank of Hapoalim owner, The owner of Bank Hapoalim is Israel’s wealthiest citizen and listed by Forbes as the richest woman in the Middle East; Simone Veil French politician, former president of European Parliament; Irving Moskowitz, US tycoon, settler supporter; Gill Marcus Bank Governor, South African Reserve Bank governor; Bernard-Henri Lévy, Philosopher; Bob Dylan; Roman Abramovitch, Investor, Chelsea FC owner, The Russian oligarch who now lives in London and owns the private investment company, Millhouse LLC, Lucian Freud, Artist.
  • WashingtonsBlog Shadow banking ... The current financial crisis has highlighted the growing importance of the “shadow banking system,” which grew out of the securitization of assets and the integration of banking with capital market developments. This trend has been most pronounced in the United States, but it has had a profound influence on the global financial system. In a market-based financial system, banking and capital market developments are inseparable: Funding conditions are closely tied to fluctuations in the leverage of market-based financial intermediaries. Growth in the balance sheets of these intermediaries provides a sense of the availability of credit, while contractions of their balance sheets have tended to precede the onset of financial crises. Securitization was intended as a way to transfer credit risk to those better able to absorb losses, but instead it increased the fragility of the entire financial system by allowing banks and other intermediaries to “leverage up” by buying one another’s securities...
  • More Jewish Predators; ... "
  • 14 of 25 people responsible for Great Recession are Jewish ... Sandy Weill, (Jewish) Citigroup. (Smith Barney, Travelers, etc.) and persistent lobbying shattered Glass-Steagall, the law that limited the investing risks banks could take. Rivals followed ... ;Angelo Mozilo, Countrywide, IndyMac Bank, ...; Phil Gramm financial deregulation. 1999 repeal of the Depression-era Glass-Steagall Act, which separated commercial banks from Wall Street. He also inserted a key provision into the 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act that exempted over-the-counter derivatives like credit-default swaps from regulation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. ...;Alan Greenspan (Jewish) ...;Christopher Cox, SEC chief during Madoff scandal..see SEC IG David Kotz (Jewish)...; Hank Paulson, When Paulson ((Jewish)) left the top job at Goldman Sachs to become Treasury Secretary in 2006, let Lehman Bros fall...; Hank Greenberg ((Jewish)), AIG ...: Ian McCarthy, Beazer Homes ...; Frank Raines, Fannie Mae, Rahm Emanuel Jewish...; Kathleen Corbet, ran Standard & Poors rating agency, along with Moody's and Fitch rated CDOs as top grade AAA...; Dick Fuld (Jewish), The Gorilla of Wall Street, as Fuld was known, steered Lehman deep into the business of subprime mortgages ...; Marion and Herb Sandler (Jewish), In the early 1980s, the Sandlers' World Savings Bank became the first to sell a tricky home loan called the option ARM. ...; Bill Clinton, signed Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which repealed the Glass-Steagall Act, a cornerstone of Depression-era regulation. He also signed the Commodity Futures Modernization Act, which exempted credit-default swaps from regulation. In 1995 Clinton loosened housing rules by rewriting the Community Reinvestment Act, which put added pressure on banks to lend in low-income neighborhoods. ...; George W. Bush, Cheney (crypto Jew controlled him ... ; Stan O'Neal (Jewish), Merrill Lynch's celebrated CEO, allowed Merrill to load up on the bonds. By June 2006, Merrill had amassed $41 billion in subprime CDOs and mortgage bonds ...; Wen Jiabao; David Lereah, chief economist at the National Association of Realtors, misrepresented housing market; John Devaney Hedge funds ...; Bernie Madoff (Jewish) stole $50 billion from mostly Jews with the help of Citi Group ...; Lew Ranieri, Bank Hapoalim, declared special affection for Jewish ...; Burton Jablin The programming czar at Scripps Networks, which owns HGTV and other lifestyle channels, helped inflate the real estate bubble by teaching viewers how to extract value from their homes....; Fred Goodwin (his mother was German Jewish), former boss of Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), David Oddsson, freemason; Jimmy Cayne (Jewish), Bear Stearns collapse, hedge funds .
  • Barchart .Dollar Interest Rate SwapsSunday, Oct 2015 ...The interest rate swap rate is the fixed rate that is paid on an interest rate swap to receive payments based on a floating rate..
  • Amazon ... Open Secret: The Global Banking Conspiracy That Swindled Investors Out of Billions .“Gaming the LIBOR—that is, fixing the price of money—had become just that: a game. Playing it was the price of admission to a club of men who socialized together, skied in Europe courtesy of brokers and expense accounts, and reaped million-dollar bonuses.” ... the LIBOR was supposed to represent the average rate banks charge each other for loans, effectively setting short-term interest rates around the world for trillions of dollars in financial contracts. She also examines the laxity of prominent regulators and central bankers, and exposes the role of key figures such as: Tom Hayes: A senior trader for the Swiss financial giant UBS who worked with traders across eight other banks to influence the yen LIBOR. Bob Diamond: The shrewd multimillionaire American CEO of Barclays Capital, the British bank whose traders have been implicated in the manipulation of the LIBOR. Mervyn King: The governor of the Bank of England, who ignored U.S. Treasury secretary Tim Geithner’s repeated recommendations to establish stricter regulations over the interest rate... .a
  • Bloomberg ,,, 10 Year Swap Rate:1.96% for Oct 14 2015 Add to Watchlists Overview Interactive Chart 10 Year Swap Rate is at 1.96%, compared to 2.05% the previous market day and 2.36% last year. This is lower than the long term average of 4.02%. Category: Interest Rates Region: United States Report: H.15 Selected Interest Rates Source: Federal Reserves .
  • BloombergBusiness Oct 2015 China’s interest-rate swaps had the biggest weekly drop since August after trade and inflation data added to signs the economy is weakening, fueling speculation more monetary easing is on the way. The cost of one-year swaps, the fixed payment to receive the floating seven-day repurchase rate, declined five basis points from Oct. 9 to 2.41 percent as of 4:56 p.m. in Shanghai. It fell one basis point on Friday. Imports slid 17.7 percent from a year earlier in yuan terms last month, while factory-gate prices dropped for the 43rd month in a row, official data showed this week. The People’s Bank of China has cut interest rates five times since November and lowered the proportion of deposits banks have to set aside as reserves in an effort to cushion the economy’s slowdown. A report on Monday is forecast to show gross domestic product increased 6.8 percent in the third quarter, according to a Bloomberg survey. That would be the smallest gain since the first three months of 2009, during a global recession..
  • BNA .. ..Detroit Judge Rejects $165M Swaps Deal With UBS, Bank of America as Too Costly ..A Detroit bankruptcy judge Jan. 16 denied the city permission to pay UBS AG and Bank of America Corp. about $165 million to end interest-rate swaps that have cost taxpayers $202 million since 2009, saying the deal cost too much Merrill Lynch involved ...Days before Detroit filed the biggest U.S. municipal bankruptcy, it reached a deal to pay $230 million to terminate the swaps contracts, which a city service corporation signed with Zurich-based UBS and SBS Financial Products Co. Merrill Lynch, a unit of Charlotte, N.C.-based Bank of America, took over the SBS position in July...
  • Commerce Commission of New Zealand ..The Commission has reached a $2.97 million settlement with Westpac in relation to the marketing, promotion and sale of interest rate swaps to rural customers between 2005 and 2012..The Commission investigated ANZ’s, Westpac’s and ASB’s (the three banks) marketing and sale of interest rate swaps (swaps) to rural customers. The Commission investigated Westpac for the period between 2005 and 2012. The investigation was conducted under the Fair Trading Act (the Act). The Act prohibits misleading and deceptive conduct in trade, including making false or misleading representations . We commenced our investigation in August 2012 following media articles alleging that some New Zealand banks had mis-sold swaps to rural customers. ...
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  • Dealbook ..In Libor Ruling, a Big Win for the Banks By PETER J. HENNING April 1, 2013 7:44 am 11 Comments Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald of Federal District Court in Manhattan, in a 161-page decision, has given the multinational banks being investigated for manipulating the London interbank offered rate, or Libor, a dose of good news for once..Her decision might have seemed surprising given that three banks – Barclays, UBS and Royal Bank of Scotland – have already settled cases with the government that cost them more than $2.5 billion in penalties. Each admitted to submitting false interest-rate information to the British Bankers Association used to establish Libor, a benchmark for loans and securities issued throughout the world....
  • Dealbook ..With Freddie Mac Suit, Banks Face Billions More in Libor Claims ...The fallout from the manipulation of the London interbank offered rate, or Libor, has already cost banks $2.5 billion in penalties, not to mention loss of reputation. But that sum pales in comparison to payouts that will come from private lawsuits. Any finding of liability could be compounded because of the potential for any award to be tripled under the antitrust laws. The latest salvo comes from the mortgage finance company Freddie Mac, which has filed a lawsuit in the Federal District Court in Alexandria, Va. It asserts that the company was harmed by collusive activity among the banks that lowered the benchmark interest rate. And where Freddie Mac goes, Fannie Mae, its larger sibling, usually follows, so we can expect it to file a suit seeking damages from Libor manipulation.... In its complaint, Freddie Mac points out two ways that the artificially lower rates cost it money. First, the company hedged is mortgage positions by buying swaps on the fixed-rate mortgages it held so that it received floating-rate payments. When Libor was pushed down by the banks, Freddie Mac received lower payments from the swaps....
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  • Barchart ...
  • CSUN IRS education . .yield curve as indicator of direction of paycments in IRSs. ... search terms: plain vanilla swap, swaption, deliverable instrument, daily settlement cash flows on the futures contracts, creditworthy counterparties, exchange of borrowings, swap facilitators, swap broker, swap dealer, basis risk, basis points , yield spread, political unrest cound cause the LIBOR to rise above US Treasury rates, financial intermediary, unbalanced portfolio, risk hedging, T-note, receive-fixed side, fixed rate commitments, receive fixed counterparty, receive floating obligations, seasonal swap, roller coaster swap, amortizes to zero over the life of the swap, accreting swap, amortizing swap, equity swap, commodity swap, tenor, options on forwards, basis swap, Eurodollar futures, cross-currency basis swap, yield curve swap, fixed for floating foreign currency swap, fixed for fixed foreign currency swap, ..
  • Dollars and Sense...nterest rate swap deals have allowed the big banks to hold local governments and agencies hostage for tens of millions of dollars...in 2002 a little-known but powerful state agency in California and Wall Street titans Morgan Stanley, Citigroup, and Ambac consummated one of the biggest deals to date involving a type of financial derivative called an “interest rate swap.” A year later the executive director of the Bay Area’s Metropolitan Transportation Commission, ...The MTC was forced to pay $104 million to cancel its interest rate swap with Ambac when the company went bankrupt in 2010. Whereas once the Commission’s swaps portfolio was saving it money, now it must pay millions yearly to a wolf pack of banks including Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase, Morgan Stanley, Citibank, Goldman Sachs, and the Bank of New York. The MTC’s own analysts now estimate that the Commission’s swaps have a net negative value of $235 million...n March, 2010, the Service Employees International Union released one of the most comprehensive studies to date calculating how much toxic interest rate swaps have cost communities during the Great Recession. Combing through the financial reports of major cities, states, and public agencies from New York to California, SEIU researchers estimated that $28 billion had already been paid by governments to the banks, and that for 2010 alone, public entities would have to pay at least another $1.25 billion.......
  • ExpressandStar.. A company in Wolverhampton is to receive a payout worth about £40 million after settling out of court with Barclays over the alleged mis-sale of a controversial rate swap product. ... Graiseley Properties in High Street, Wednesfield, which owns Guardian Care Homes, took legal action against the bank over loans that were made to it in 2007 and 2008 ..Graiseley argued the deal was invalid because the bank’s traders had tried to manipulate the Libor rate.. they were sold the 20-year swap products on a £41m loan in in 2007 for subsidiary Graiseley Investments Ltd ... ..
  • TheFinansor LIBOR manipulation TIMELINE .. ...
  • Financial Conduct Authority FCA... UK ...In 2012, we identified failings in the way that some banks sold structured collars, swaps, simple collars and cap products, which we collectively refer to as IRHPs. The banks involved agreed to review their sales of IRHPs1 made to unsophisticated customers2 since 2001. The full review started in May 2013 and the banks have now sent a redress determination letter to 17,600 businesses. So far, £2 billion has been paid in redress, including £400 million to deal with consequential losses...The nine banks that are reviewing their sales of IRHPs are: Allied Irish Bank (UK) Bank of Ireland Barclays Clydesdale & Yorkshire Banks Co-operative Bank HSBC Lloyds Banking Group Royal Bank of Scotland Santander UK.. ...
  • Financial Times ..Sept 28, 2015 ... Investor Lawsuits pile up....p claiming US Treasury Market is rigged ... 25 cases alleging primary dealers that underwrite US debt colluded, treasuries sold through an auction process, ..DoJand NY State Dept of Financial Services .
  • FT.com .... Sept 9, 2015 Watchdog in US Treasury Market Probe ...NY's banking regulator probing treasury market manipulation ... sent letters to Barclays, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, Societe Generale and other banks seeking information ... DoJ also looking, ..sued by a Boston pension fund for public employees .. ..Scrutiny under Benjamin Lawsky tough, but he stepped down, now Anthony Albanese at helm.. unusual swings in bond yields in Oct 2014 sparked a closer look ...
  • FT.com . .Fined $5.6 billion total ...forex rigging ... .Bank of America, UBS, RBS, JP Morgan, Citigoup, Barclays, .. .out of 23 primary banks only these fined ... all Jewish controlled ... this self-described 'cartel' used an exclusive chatroom and coded messages to manipulate benchmark exchange rates, 'if you aint cheating, you aint trying' ...no CEO or senior figure resigned,
  • FT.com see LIBOR scandal menu page ...
  • HuffingtonPost..Citibank, JPMorgan Chase Bank, Royal Bank of Scotland, HSBC Bank And UBS Fined Billions In Currency Probe.Traders with nicknames like the "Three Musketeers" and the "A-Team" plotted over Internet chat rooms to manipulate currency markets for years, profiting at the expense of clients — and then congratulating themselves for their brilliance —used chatrooms ...regulators said Wednesday, as they fined five banks $3.4 billion.agreed to settlements totaling almost $3.4 billion with the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission, U.K. Financial Conduct Authority and Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority. The British regulator said Barclays remains under investigation.and SOTT.net ....
  • InstitutionalInvestorSecuritiesBlog...In New York City, the first criminal trial in the US involving traders accused of rigging the London interbank offered rate is underway. Anthony Conti and Anthony Allen, both former Rabobank traders, are accused of conspiring to turn in fraudulent rate reports for Libor to help others make money off the trades.A U.S. Judge says that the shareholder lawsuit suing Barclays PLC (BCS) for inflating its stock price by manipulating the London Interbank Offered Rate can proceed. According to lead plaintiffs, the St. Clair Shores Police & Fire Retirement System in Michigan and the Carpenters Pension Trust Fund of St. Louis, Barclays and several of its ex-officers purposely misrepresented and understated how much it costs to borrow funds by submitting false information about LIBOR during the period running from August 2007 to January 2009. The rigging of LIBOR by Barclays was disclosed in a 2012 settlement with global regulators in which the financial institution agreed to pay a $450 million fine. ..
  • InterestRateSwap .Claims and Class Actions against Interest Rate Swaps ....Fraud with Libor/Euribor Deutsche Bank & RABOBANK were found guilty of Fraud and Systematic Manipulation of LIBOR and EURIBOR, which form the heart of Interest Rate Swap Contracts. Clients of Deutsche Bank & RABOBANK would have never signed such Swap-Contracts had they known about this Fraud. Therefore should these Swap-Contracts be retroactively Nullified..Violations of Duty of Care & Unlawful Raises of Interest Secondly, Deutsche Bank & RABOBANK’s Violations of the Duty of Care, Fraudulent Misrepresentations and Unlawful imposing of Premiums and Raises of Interest Rates of the Swaps, misled Entrepreneurs into paying too much Interest. Entrepeneurs are entitled to have that Interest Reimbursed. .Summary of Damages The average damage of an Interest Rate Swap attached to a loan of €1M is €200,000 over the last seven years. This can consist of the difference between the rate of the Swap-Contract and the LIBOR/EURIBOR, costs due to the Unlawful Raise of Interest Rates and Premiums, costs caused by Fraudulent Misrepresentations and other costs. .E
  • InterestRateSwapsToday news ..Home / News Interest Rate Swap Education Books On Interest Rate Swaps Swap Rates LIBOR Rates Economic Calendar & Other Rates Size Of Swap Market Interest Rate Swap Pricers Interest Rate Swap Glossary. e
  • JewWatch ... Fake Money Schemes ... In the 1960s, Jews were again in the forefront in creatinga new business form - the conglomerate, a multi-purpose holdingcompany whose disparate profit centers were purportedly synergistic- greater than the sum of its component parts. It was not a Jewishinvention - that honor probably belongs to Royal Little of Textronbut Lehman Brothers, Lazard Freres, LoebRhoades, and Goldman Sachs were forceful in sellingthe new notion. ... JewWatch Jewish banking manipulation ...
  • Justice Dept US ..Preet Bharara, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, announced today that the United States has filed and simultaneously settled a civil health care False Claims Act lawsuit against the BETH ISRAEL MEDICAL CENTER (“BETH ISRAEL”) for fraudulently inflating its fees for services provided to Medicare patients in order to obtain larger supplemental reimbursement, known as “outlier payments,. ..
  • Local.es ... Spain ...Madrid city hall considers court challenge to interest-rate swaps... The city government, led by an alliance of leftist groups, including members of anti-austerity Podemos party which is close to Greece's ruling Syriza, said in a statement on Monday it would closely review all of its swap agreements with banks with a view to possible legal action... Under these contracts city hall must pay a fixed interest rate on its debt which is much higher the existing market rate .. Madrid's city government announced it was considering not renewing its contracts with credit rating agencies Standard & Poor's and Fitch.
  • L&W banking industry scrutiny.pdf ..2011, . .
  • MacroTrends LIBOR chart ..
  • NYT Greece, austerity, international bankers, privatization of state assets, pensions gutted, troika — the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank and the European Commission...
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  • Pimco..resources, education, bonds ..
  • PolicyMic on Robert Zoellick, president of the IMF Zoellick is an anathema. As the right hand man in the State Department and Treasury Department of James A, Baker, who was infamous for his anti-Israel stance, Zoellick acquired a reputation as "soft" on China, weak on pressuring the Soviet Union at the close of the Cold War, opposed to the first Gulf War and unsupportive of the Jewish state.”...
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  • Reuters ..May 2015Rabobank faces lawsuit over interest rate swaps. ...A Dutch organisation seeking to sue banks for losses on interest rate swap products on behalf of members said on Thursday it had filed a complaint against cooperative bank Rabobank and would seek 800 million euros (US$890 million) in damages.Lijesen said his clients had not been fully informed of the potential risks of the products they purchased and suffered large losses as a result. ...In 2013, Rabobank was fined 774 million euros by regulators in the United States, Britain and the Netherlands for attempting to manipulate Libor and Euribor lending rates from 2005-2011...
  • Powerbase ..Michael 'Woody' Sherwood (born July 1965) is a Goldman Sachs vice chairman and co-chief executive officer of Goldman Sachs International. [1] Having worked for the company all his career, he is one of its highest paid executives. In 2008 his estimated worth was £225 million. [2] Sherwood has advised London Mayor Boris Johnson and was said to have enjoyed a 'clear channel of communication to former Labour prime minister Gordon Brown.[2] In March 2011 he was appointed chairman of the bank's influential partnership committee, raising speculation that he is being positioned as an eventual successor to boss Lloyd Blankfein. If this happens, he would become Goldman's first ever British boss..
  • Radio Islam Jewish Power top 100..
  • Reuters .. Global banks admit guilt in forex probe, fined nearly $6 billion..Citigroup Inc (C.N), JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM.N), Barclays Plc (BARC.L), UBS AG (UBSG.VX)(UBS.N) and Royal Bank of Scotland Plc (RBS.L) were accused by U.S. and UK officials of brazenly cheating clients to boost their own profits using invitation-only chat rooms and coded language to coordinate their trades. All but UBS pleaded guilty to conspiring to manipulate the price of U.S. dollars and euros exchanged in the FX spot market. UBS pleaded guilty to a different charge. Bank of America Corp (BAC.N) was fined but avoided a guilty plea over the actions of its traders in chatrooms. Read more at Reutershttp://www.reuters.com/article/2015/05/20/us-banks-forex-settlement-idUSKBN0O50CQ20150520#aW1riTdI1QDqsxUJ.99..n
  • RollingStone ..Everything Is Rigged: The Biggest Price-Fixing Scandal Ever The Illuminati were amateurs. The second huge financial scandal of the year reveals the real international conspiracy: There's no price the big banks can't fix ... the London-based firm ICAP, the world's largest broker of interest-rate swaps, is being investigated by American authorities for behavior that sounds eerily reminiscent of the Libor mess. Regulators are looking into whether or not a small group of brokers at ICAP may have worked with up to 15 of the world's largest banks to manipulate ISDAfix, a benchmark number used around the world to calculate the prices of interest-rate swaps ..
  • RollingStone ..2012 ... The Scam Wall Street Learned From the Mafia How America's biggest banks took part in a nationwide bid-rigging conspiracy - until they were caught on tape..The defendants in the case – Dominick Carollo, Steven Goldberg and Peter Grimm – worked for GE Capital, the finance arm of General Electric. Along with virtually every major bank and finance company on Wall Street – not just GE, but J.P. Morgan Chase, Bank of America, UBS, Lehman Brothers, Bear Stearns, Wachovia and more – these three Wall Street wiseguys spent the past decade taking part in a breathtakingly broad scheme to skim billions of dollars from the coffers of cities and small towns across America. The banks achieved this gigantic rip-off by secretly colluding to rig the public bids on municipal bonds, a business worth $3.7 trillion. By conspiring to lower the interest rates that towns earn on these investments, the banks systematically stole from schools, hospitals, libraries and nursing homes – from "virtually every state, district and territory in the United States," ... In the bankruptcy of Jefferson County, Alabama, we learned that Goldman Sachs accepted a $3 million bribe from J.P. Morgan Chase to permit Chase to serve as the sole provider of toxic swap deals to the rubes running metropolitan Birmingham .
  • SML LIBOR scandal attornies ... bid rigging of securities..–
  • Securities Fraud Attorneys
  • Time 25 people to blame for financial crisis.....s
  • TruthOut .How Wall Street Use ... .Detroit Water and Sewerage Department (DWSD) paid $547 million in termination fees to banks on its interest rate swaps in FY 2012. It has been estimated that more than 40 percent of Detroiters' water bills now go toward paying down these termination fees. Fn. omitted ....In fiscal year 2013, Los Angeles paid $290 million in publicly-disclosed financial fees, while it cut services, including road repairs, by 19%..
  • WashingtonPost .., Kirchner ..accuses Jews of false flag plot to unseat her..... The prosecutor (Nisman) was found dead of a gunshot wound to the head the night before he was scheduled to testify to the Argentine Congress about his conclusion that Ms. Kirchner and her foreign minister conspired with Iran to cover up its involvement in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires. The same day Ms. Kirchner’s rant appeared on her official Web site, a prosecutor supportive of her political movement announced that he was dropping the criminal charges Nisman had planned to bring against her.
  • Wikipedia Bretton Woods, 1944, , IMF, World Bank The plan involved nations agreeing to a system of fixed but adjustable exchange rates where the currencies were pegged against the dollar, with the dollar itself convertible into gold. So in effect this was a gold – dollar exchange standard. There were a number of improvements on the old gold standard. Two international institutions, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank were created;. e
  • Yahoo ..Oct 2015 NEW YORK (AP) -- The first U.S. trial to result from a worldwide investigation into the manipulation of interest rates began Wednesday when a prosecutor told jurors that two British former bankers put themselves first at one of the world's largest banks, while defense lawyers portrayed their clients as scapegoats. Carol Sipperly, a Justice Department prosecutor, said in Manhattan federal court that Anthony Allen, 44, and Anthony Conti, 46, abused their positions at the Dutch bank Rabobank to influence the daily benchmarks of the London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, a measurement of London-based interbank interest rates that influence interest rates worldwide..
  • 13 of 25 people responsible for Great Recession are Jewish ... Sandy Weill, (Jewish) Citigroup. (Smith Barney, Travelers, etc.) and persistent lobbying shattered Glass-Steagall, the law that limited the investing risks banks could take. Rivals followed ... ;Angelo Mozilo, Countrywide, IndyMac Bank, ...; Phil Gramm financial deregulation. 1999 repeal of the Depression-era Glass-Steagall Act, which separated commercial banks from Wall Street. He also inserted a key provision into the 2000 Commodity Futures Modernization Act that exempted over-the-counter derivatives like credit-default swaps from regulation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. ...;Alan Greenspan (Jewish) ...;Christopher Cox, SEC chief during Madoff scandal..see SEC IG David Kotz (Jewish)...; Hank Paulson, When Paulson ((Jewish)) left the top job at Goldman Sachs to become Treasury Secretary in 2006, let Lehman Bros fall...; Hank Greenberg ((Jewish)), AIG ...: Ian McCarthy, Beazer Homes ...; Frank Raines, Fannie Mae, Rahm Emanuel Jewish...; Kathleen Corbet, ran Standard & Poors rating agency, along with Moody's and Fitch rated CDOs as top grade AAA...; Dick Fuld (Jewish), The Gorilla of Wall Street, as Fuld was known, steered Lehman deep into the business of subprime mortgages ...; Marion and Herb Sandler (Jewish), In the early 1980s, the Sandlers' World Savings Bank became the first to sell a tricky home loan called the option ARM. ...; Bill Clinton, signed Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which repealed the Glass-Steagall Act, a cornerstone of Depression-era regulation. He also signed the Commodity Futures Modernization Act, which exempted credit-default swaps from regulation. In 1995 Clinton loosened housing rules by rewriting the Community Reinvestment Act, which put added pressure on banks to lend in low-income neighborhoods. ...; George W. Bush, Cheney (crypto Jew controlled him ... ; Stan O'Neal (Jewish), Merrill Lynch's celebrated CEO, allowed Merrill to load up on the bonds. By June 2006, Merrill had amassed $41 billion in subprime CDOs and mortgage bonds ...; Wen Jiabao; David Lereah, chief economist at the National Association of Realtors, misrepresented housing market; John Devaney Hedge funds ...; Bernie Madoff (Jewish) stole $50 billion from mostly Jews with the help of Citi Group ...; Lew Ranieri, Bank Hapoalim, declared special affection for Jewish ...; Burton Jablin The programming czar at Scripps Networks, which owns HGTV and other lifestyle channels, helped inflate the real estate bubble by teaching viewers how to extract value from their homes....; Fred Goodwin (his mother was German Jewish), former boss of Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), David Oddsson, freemason; Jimmy Cayne (Jewish), Bear Stearns collapse, hedge funds .
  • ADVFN ....LIBOR manipulation Bank of America...-Banks say antitrust lawsuits over Libor manipulation allegations fail to assert collusion --Plaintiffs say motive was to reduce payout on rate-based products --Libor's ubiquity could mean massive damages if liability is proven Lawyers for 16 banks involved in setting U.S. dollar-denominated Libor rates have filed joint defense papers in New York federal court seeking to dismiss mounting antitrust litigation against them, arguing the plaintiffs have failed to make their case that banks acted together to manipulate rates. Though the plaintiff lawsuits are styled as antitrust claims, the banks say the plaintiffs have failed to assert any claims of collusive behavior. The filings, made late Friday and Saturday, come as legal and regulatory scrutiny grows concerning the setting of Libor rates. Last week, Barclays Bank Plc (BCS, BARC.LN) paid $453 million to settle with U.S. and U.K. regulators that are conducting rate-manipulation probes. The civil cases are beginning to provide a tangible sense of who might have been harmed by Libor rate manipulation and how, giving definition to what has until now been a somewhat abstract controversy. The filings also provide a first look at how banks may seek to defend themselves against damage claims that experts say could reach hundreds of billions of dollars, given the prevalent use of Libor in setting rates on everything from consumer loan securitizations to sophisticated interest rate derivative products. ...
  • American Banker..Why Swaps May Save Banks' Bacon When Rates Rise ... ... when the Federal Open Market Committee finally raises short-term interest rates. Margin pressure, deposit runoff and increased loan defaults from struggling floating-rate borrowers are all valid concerns that we see our bank clients wrestling with as they prepare for the long-awaited policy shift. ... ...if more businesses default on their loans because of higher interest rates and then the lender has to unwind the swap. ... ... In the event the borrower defaults in a higher interest rate environment, both swaps would typically be unwound. However, because that secondary swap can be terminated at a gain, it would serve to improve the bank's position in working out the troubled commercial loan..s.
  • Bank of England governor Mark Carney np.
  • Bank of Israel, governor Stanley Fischer..
  • Barclays Between January 2005 and June 2009, Barclays international traders made a total of 257 requests to fix Libor and Euribor, the European equivalent rate, according to a damning report by the Financial Services Authority... .
  • BBC Libor, the London inter-bank lending rate, is considered to be one of the most important interest rates in finance, upon which trillions of financial contracts rest. Here, the BBC explains some of the key facts.. The value of deals determined by Libor was revised down from $800 trillion to $450 trillion following new figures in the Wheatley report on 28 September 2012. 2. Why is it so important? As well as helping to decide the price of other transactions, it is also used as a measure of trust in the financial system and reflects the confidence banks have in each other's financial health ..
  • BBC 2012 December .. UBS.. Swiss banking giant UBS has been hit hard for attempting to rig the inter-bank lending rate Libor. It is the second major bank to fall foul of the regulators after Barclays was ordered to pay $450m to UK and US authorities..
  • Bank of America .. On June 28, 2002, Douglas Campbell, a former municipal derivatives salesman at Bank of America, wrote in an e-mail to his boss, then-managing director Phil Murphy, that he had paid $182,393 to banks and brokers not tied to any particular deals. Among them was UBS, which received $75,000. A copy of the e-mail was contained in a North Carolina lawsuit filed by Murphy against Bank of America in 2003. source Bloomberg...
  • Bankrate ..As of 2008, nearly all subprime ARM loans and 60 percent of prime ARMs were tied to the Libor, according to research by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland or about 2 million mortgages. .. Barclays, one of the banks that provided daily rate information used to calculate the Libor, manipulated its rates submissions from 2005 to 2009, at least.. ..Just how dirty is the Libor behind your loans? . ..
  • Bankrate Mortgage Blog..
  • Bank of America...
  • Bloomberg ..The cost of one-year interest-rate swaps, the fixed payment to receive the floating seven-day repurchase rate, sank 10 basis points to 2.29 percent.. t
  • Bloomberg IRS .It was only after the International Swaps & Derivatives Association, which Jasper helped found, created the standard swaps contract known as the master agreement in 1985 that the business began to grow exponentially..the $426 trillion interest rate swap business is stepping into the light. As of Feb. 15, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission requires most interest rate swaps to trade on systems known as swap execution facilities...19 swaps execution facilities have received preliminary approval from the CFTC, including ICAP (IAP:LN), Tradeweb Markets, TeraExchange, TrueEX, and Bloomberg LP, parent of Bloomberg Businessweek. They are poised to take business from the big banks that have dominated swaps trading. Last year,JPMorgan Chase (JPM), the biggest U.S. derivatives dealer..
  • Bloomberg ..Aug 2010 ... Auctions Costing Public Yields UBS Banker Guilty Plea. ... Zaino, 35, became the first Wall Street banker to admit to a role in a conspiracy to pay public agencies below-market returns on investment deals. The Missouri transaction was one of more than 200 that prosecutors say was rigged by banks including Bank of America Corp., JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Zurich-based UBS, according to court records. In February and March, former CDR employees Douglas Goldberg, Daniel Naeh, and Matthew Rothman entered guilty pleas and agreed to cooperate in the investigation...
  • British Bankers Association ... responsible for assembling and reporting LIBOR London Interbank Offered Rate..
  • Credit Suisse Group LIBOR lawsuit..
  • Notes: "The Warburgs, Kuhn Loebs, Goldman Sachs, Schiffs and Rothschilds have intermarried into one big happy banking family. The Warburg family - which controls Deutsche Bank and BNP- tied up with the Rothschilds in 1814 in Hamburg, while Kuhn Loeb powerhouse Jacob Schiff shared quarters with Rothschilds in 1785. Schiff immigrated to America in 1865. He joined forces with Abraham Kuhn and married Solomon Loeb's daughter. Loeb and Kuhn married each others sisters and the Kuhn Loeb dynasty was consummated. Felix Warburg married Jacob Schiff's daughter. Two Goldman daughters married two sons of the Sachs family, creating Goldman Sachs. In 1806 Nathan Rothschild married the oldest daughter of Levi Barent Cohen, a leading financier in London."source: IamtheWitness.,
  • BloombergBusiness...Deutsche Bank AG was ordered to pay a record $2.5 billion fine and fire seven employees to settle U.S. and U.K. investigations into its role in rigging Libor.The penalty is the biggest yet in the interest-rate rigging scandal and eclipses that paid by UBS Group AG. The agreements, detailing repeated misconduct by employees as well as the bank’s own foot-dragging in dealing with investigators,...The misconduct involved at least 29 Deutsche Bank individuals including managers, traders and submitters, primarily based in London but also in Frankfurt, Tokyo and New York, the FCA said.,,,The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission fined the bank $800 million. The Justice Department levied a $775 million penalty and will install a monitor at the bank for three years to ensure compliance with the terms of the deferred prosecution agreement. Both pots will go to the U.S. Treasury. Lawsky’s agency will receive $600 million..
  • CMEGroup ... .This easy-to-follow guide clearly outlines everything you need to start clearing OTC Interest Rate Swaps (IRS) accurately and efficiently, including: » Clearing Firm and Affirmation Platform Selection » Legal Documentation » User Acceptance Testing (UAT) & Production Testing » Reporting Requirements and CME CORE. .
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)...
  • European Commission April 2011, opened anti trust investigations concerning credit default swaps (CDS), where 16 banks colluded to abuse their dominant position in order to control financial information on CDS..
  • Financial Systems Authority (FSA) UK...
  • European Union EU IRS Clearing Rules..
  • Forward .Goldman Sachs CEO Credits Rabbi and Jewish Organizations for His Success...search terms: UJA-Federation of New York, Brooklyn, Gustave L. Levy Award, Jewish, Archbishop of New York, Cardinal Timothy Dolan, Alan “Ace” Greenberg, vice chairman emeritus of JP Morgan, David Wassong, the co-head of private equity at Soros Fund Management, was honored with The Wall Street Young Leadership Award,
  • Friedman, Goldman Sachs (Jewish).
  • HSBC the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, HSBC has always been associated with drugs. Founded in 1865, HSBC became the major commercial bank in colonial China after the conclusion of the Second Opium War. If you're rusty in your history of Britain's various wars of Imperial Rape, the Second Opium War was the one where Britain and other European powers basically slaughtered lots of Chinese people until they agreed to legalize the dope trade (much like they had done in the First Opium War, which ended in 1842). notes: Shanghai Settlements veteran and HSBC insider William Johnston Keswick sits on the board of BP Amoco with PONC’s #2 man Sir Eric Drake, who joins Rio Tinto board member Sir Mark Turner on the board of Kleinwort Benson, which owns 49% of the Sharp’s Pixley Hong Kong gold monopoly. Turner joins David Keswick on the board of HSBC’s Samuel Montagu, one of five firms who gather daily at N. M. Rothschild & Sons in London to “fix” the price of gold..
  • HSBC The dirtiest bank in the world ... money lauderers: board of directors 2015: Douglas Flint, Group Chairman, HSBC Holdings; Stuart Gulliver, Group Chief Executive . He is also Chairman of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited; Iain Mackay, Group Finance DirectorIain Mackay was appointed as Group Finance Director of HSBC Holdings plc in December 2010. A chartered accountant, Mr Mackay joined HSBC in July 2007; Phillip Ameen,Independent non-executive Director, member of the Group Audit Committee.; Kathleen Casey
    Independent non-executive Director, member of the Group Audit Committee and the Financial System Vulnerabilities Committee Kathleen Casey was appointed to the Board on 1 March 2014. She has extensive financial regulatory policy experience; Safra Catz; Laura Cha; Lord Evans of Weardale; Joachim Faber; Rona Fairhead, CBE; Sam Laidlaw; Irene Lee; John Lipsky; Rachel Lomax; Heidi Miller; Marc Moses; Sir Simon Robertson; Jonathan Symonds, CBE, Pauline van der Meer Mohr; Ben Mathews...notes: Matheson’s heirs through marriage with the Fraser family are the Keswick family who now run Jardine Matheson, a wide-ranging conglomerate of shipping and industrial interests which also happens to own the Hong Kong Jockey Club, a known venue for drug money laundering.  The Swire family controls Hong Kong’s Cathay Pacific Airlines, while the Inchcape family still runs the Peninsular Orient Navigation Company (PONC).  J. H. Keswick, J.K. Swire and Sir Mark Turner all served in Britain’s Ministry of Economic Warfare during WWII and are all members of the RIIA, which was founded by Rio Tinto’s first chairman Lord Alfred Milner.  These families dominate the board of directors at HSBC. [9]  Current Directors include Lord Inchcape and Henry Neville Lindley Keswick.s
    .
  • ICAP London's largest dealer in interest rate swaps ...
  • Internation Association of Financial Engineers award winners . ...2009 Richard Roll 2008 Robert Litterman 2007 Jack L. Treynor 2006 James H. Simons 2005 Phelim Boyle 2004 Oldrich A. Vasicek 2003 J. Darrell Duffie 2002 Jonathan E. Ingersoll, Jr. 2001 Andrew Lo 2001 Myron S. Scholes (Lifetime Achievement) 2000 Emanuel Derman 1999 John C. Hull 1998 John C. Cox 1997 Robert A. Jarrow 1996 Stephen A. Ross 1995 Mark Rubinstein 1994 Fischer Black 1993 Robert C. Merton..
  • Jewish Business News John L. Weinberg and his grandfather, Sidney Weinberg, who were at the head of Goldman Sachs when it was still a private partnership in the 1920s..
  • Jewish Journal .David Rubin, chairman of the board of Yavneh Hebrew Academy in Hancock Park and president of YULA girls’ high school, pleaded guilty in federal court in New York on Dec. 30 to wire conspiracy and fraud involving proceeds from municipal bonds. Beverly Hills-based CDR Financial Products, which Rubin founded and runs, pleaded guilty to related antitrust charges....
  • JP Morgan JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) , the target of multiple U.S. Justice Department investigations, tentatively agreed to pay about $2 billion to resolve probes into whether it ignored warning signs about Bernard Madoff’s crimes, according to a person briefed on the matter. The bank also assented to a deferred-prosecution agreement, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the negotiations are private. In such deals, the government agrees not to prosecute for a specified period and charges are dismissed if the entity improves its programs and complies with the law. The talks are in their final stages and the accord could be announced before year-end, the person said..
  • LATimes. .CDR Financial Products Inc. and its owner, David Rubin, are the subjects of continuing investigations by the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of Justice, which became public when investigators searched CDR's offices in November 2006.about 20 different cities, counties and school districts are now suing Rubin's firm, alleging it steered them to banks that paid CDR kickbacks...
  • .LeapRate...our position as the market leader for interest rate swaps across the interdealer broker Central Limit Order Book (CLOB) space ... shows real-time pricing for GBP, EUR and USD interest rate swaps to more than 320 of the most liquid interest rate swap price points.” ...Trad-X has also introduced reference screens for GBP, EUR and CAD IRS products for its market-leading CCP switch service for interest rate swaps between CME’s Clearing House and LCH.Clearnet.
  • Leumi ... The dealing room initiates, markets, prices and executes transactions involving financial instruments for Leumi’s customers. Customers and banks that are connected to the forex dealing room can take advantage of Leumi’s strength in various global markets. The forex dealing room’s international operations center covers many countries and transactions that are executed in trading centers located in the capital markets of Tel Aviv, Zurich, London and New York.
  • Lexology... .The EU IRS Clearing Rules would subject the following four classes of interest rate swaps to mandatory clearing (collectively, the Covered Interest Rate Swaps): Basis swaps denominated in EUR, GBP, JPY and USD with a maturity of 28 days to 50 years and referencing EURIBOR or LIBOR; ... “Category 1” includes persons that, on the date of entry into force of the EU IRS Clearing Rules, are clearing members of at least one of the clearinghouses authorized or recognized to clear Covered Interest Rate Swaps. Categor 2, Category 3 more search terms: ..forward rate agreements,
  • Neatorama.... ...10 American Financial Meltdowns in the Past Century ... Crash of 1929, LTCM, Enron, CDS, Keating Five, The Panic of 1907, Great Depression, Savings and Loan Crisis, Black Monday 1987 Portfolio Protection Insurance, California Electricity Crisis, Dot com bubble, Housing Meltdown ... sanitized view ... no mention of any Jewish controlled banks..
  • NJ. Oct 2015...N.J. spent $720M to terminate interest rate swaps, report says..New Jersey spent $720 million since 2010 to buy its way out of risky interest rate swap deals, according to a Reuters report. The state will use $54 million in proceeds from an upcoming bond sale to complete its exit from the complicated investment arrangement, in which states, municipalities and school districts made bets with Wall Street investment firms that interest rates would continue to rise.from Rollingstone ....In a post-crash era where Wall Street trials almost never make it into court, and even the harshest settlements end with the evidence buried by the government and the offending banks permitted to escape with no admission of wrongdoing, this case finally dragged the whole ugly truth of American finance out into the open – and it was a hell of a show...
  • Pimco .
  • RationalWiki ... pro Zionist attempt to debunk Jewish fraud and manipulation of financial world ..The LIBOR index set interest rates for trillions of dollars in housing and other loans, including nearly all subprime mortgages before the 2008 crash, and financial derivatives such as interest rate swaps. American municipalities also borrowed around 75 percent of their money through financial products that were linked to the LIBOR.
  • Reuters .Rising cost on U.S. rate swaps raises worries ... ... A widening gap in the costs to hedge interest rate risk between platforms based in London and Chicago is generating losses for Wall Street dealers and creating concern about how well this corner of the bond market will respond when the Federal Reserve raises rates...
  • NyTimes . sWhy I'm Leaving Goldman Sachs ...Greg Smith ... tatement.
  • Paulson & Co, John Paulson more...
  • SEC. ..May 2011, SEC Charges UBS with Fraudulent Bidding Practices Involving Investment of Municipal Bond Proceeds UBS to Pay $160 Million to Settle Charges .. fraudulently rigging at least 100 municipal bond reinvestment transactions in 36 states and generating millions of dollars in ill-gotten gains. To settle the SEC’s charges, UBS has agreed to pay $47.2 million that will be returned to the affected municipalities. UBS and its affiliates also agreed to pay $113 million to settle parallel cases brought by other federal and state authorities. (Mark Zaino SEC)..
  • Standard.UK ..Michael Sherwood, Goldman Sachs, at 16, and left school. He had a year off, studying in Israel, before going to Manchester to read economics... at 20 joined Goldman...has been there ever since, worked as a photocopier for SG Warburg, in 1986, senior people at Goldman ..Gary Cohn, Mike Evans, were all in the class of 1994, Sherwood was managing the bank's emerging markets business in 1998, for instance, ... Latin America, Asia and the Russian rouble default. Sherwood was in Moscow, advising the Russian government. ...
  • SugarHitman...Zionist Control the Banks Myth Posted on October 24, 2010 by sugarhitman Do Zionists control the Banks and the International Financial System? “BNP Paribas, Baudouin Prot (CEO), Michel Pébereau (Chairman), Baudouin “Sebastian Alexander Winckelmann van Persie; “Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) Group – RBS Group, Stephen Hester is the CEO; Barclays PLC, Robert Edward “Bob” Diamond, Jr. (born Concord, Massachusetts, July 27, 1951) is an American banker who is currently President of Barclays PLC and Chief Executive of Corporate & Investment Banking and Wealth Management, comprising Barclays Capital, Barclays Corporate and Barclays Wealth, Marcus Agius is Group CEO, who is perhaps Jewish as he is “married to Katherine (born 1949), daughter of Edmund de Rothschild of the Rothschild banking family of England, with two children, and has a close involvement with the Rothschild family estate, Exbury Gardens in Hampshire; Deutsche Bank – Deutsche Bank, the largest German bank with $2.43 trillion in assets .. .
  • Telegraph.UK Jul 2015 Libor-style scandals could happen again as banks are failing to reform, says FCA. .Despite more than £2bn in UK fines for Libor and foreign exchange benchmark manipulation, as well as action from the EU and US, banks are still showing a worrying lack of urgency in reforming their internal controls and systems to make sure there is no repeat of the scandals...
  • Telegraph.UK .. Forex fines: what the chatroom transcripts reveal The best (or should that be "worst") lines that foreign exchange dealers wrote to each other as they tried to rig the currency market. ...
  • Telegraph The world's biggest banks are still reeling from the consequences of the Libor and foreign exchange scandals, but US authorities are now investigating the possibility of more rigging. Several banks are being scrutinised over how they set influential benchmarks in the markets for gold, silver, platinum and palladium in London, with at least 10 under investigation from the Department of Justice (DoJ) and Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), according to reports. The benchmarks, which influence the prices of financial products as well as valuable jewellery, were set by a telephone conference call by a group of banks until last year, when they were overhauled amid mounting scrutiny of market rigging. The Financial Conduct Authority, which fined Barclays £26m in May for failings that saw a trader attempt to manipulate the gold fix, has decided against an investigation, as has its German counterpart. However, the DoJ and CFTC have opened investigations. Benchmark prices are now set electronically after a reform of the system, so the probes are expected to focus on past procedures. Related Articles A man walks past a logo of HSBC Holdings PLC at the bank's headquarter in Hong Kong Monday HSBC 'shamed' by Swiss tax scandal as annual profits fall 17pc 23 Feb 2015 Barclays fined £26m over gold price failings 23 May 2014 Banks could lose control of gold fix 07 Jul 2014 HSBC's annual report, released as the bank unveiled a 17pc drop in annual profits, revealed that the CFTC had issued a subpoena to the bank, demanding information about its US business's precious metals trading operation....
  • TIPS, or Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities. A type of bond issued by the U.S. government, they’re designed to track the consumer price index, therefore gaining value alongside inflation. ...
  • UBS Union Bank of Switzerland ..
  • US Dept of Justice Anti Trust Division April 2011 issued grand jury subpoenas into collusion on key interest rates. ....
  • Weill, Sanford , known as the Jewish godfather of Wall Street.He’s now adding 20 new Citigroup branches in China, bringing its total to 50, and lots more jobs for that “growing” Chinese Middle Class..
  • Wikipedia Mario Draghi Jewish ... is an Italian economist, manager and banker who succeeded Jean-Claude Trichet as the President of the European Central Bank on 1 November 2011. Draghi previously worked at Goldman Sachs from 2002 until 2005 before becoming the governor of the Bank of Italy in December 2005, where he served until October 2011. In 2014 Draghi was listed as the 8th most powerful person in the world by Forbes....
  • Wikipedia ..Loans and interest in Judaism.... The Torah and Talmud encourage the granting of loans if they do not involve interest. But the halakhah [applicable Jewish law] regarding free loans apply only to loans made to other Jews. It is permissible to make loans with interest to non-Jews. Charging interest is classed in the Book of Ezekiel as being among the worst sins, and is forbidden according to Jewish law. The Talmud dwells particularly on Ezekiel's condemnation of interest, where Ezekiel denounces it as an abomination, and metaphorically portrays usurers as people who have shed blood..
  • ..Wikipedia . SidneyWeinberg (Goldman Sachs) (Khazarian mongrel Jew) was one of eleven children of a Jewish immigrant wholesale liquor dealer. His family were active members of Congregation Baith Israel Anshei Emes in Brooklyn, joining when the synagogue was on Boerum Place, and remaining with it when it moved to Cobble Hill. Sidney's mother, Sophie, was sisterhood president from 1912 to 1913, his father, Pincus, served as president from 1919 to 1921, and the children all attended the Sunday school and Talmud Torah. ...
  • Wikipedia Poju Zabludowicz ... ...the London-based Finnish billionaire is a recent addition to the Jewish Leadership Council. A major property player, Mr Zabludowicz, 56, is said to own 40 per cent of downtown Las Vegas including half-a-dozen casinos see Wikipedia Jackie Gaughan...Meyer Lansky and Wikipedia Tamares Group...
  • Wikipedia Quantitative Easing . ..Quantitative easing (QE) is a type of monetary policy used by central banks to stimulate the economy when standard monetary policy has become ineffective. A central bank implements quantitative easing by buying financial assets (longer maturity bonds) from commercial banks and other financial institutions, thus raising the prices of those financial assets and lowering their yield, while simultaneously increasing the money supply. This differs from the more usual policy of buying or selling short-term government bonds to keep interbank interest rates at a specified target value .. ..search terms: ..anti deflation, increased money supply risk, standard central bank policy is to buy/sell government bonds on the open market to reach a specific target for interbank rates to facilitate the expansion of private bank lending, was first used in Japan to fight deflation, and has claimed that it is not effective, QE1, QE2, QE3, all failed, ..
  • ..
MH370, Rt.com (Spanish), translation

Rothschild inherited a patent to disappear semiconductor MH370

Posted: 22 Mar 2014 10:07 GMT | Last updated: 22 Mar 2014 10:07 GMT

Four days after the  flight MH370  disappeared, semiconductor patent was approved by the US Patent Office patent is divided into parts of a 20% five holders. One of the owners is the company itself, Freescale Semiconductor, Austin, Texas (USA), and the other four Chinese employees of the company: Peidong Wang, Chen Zhijun, Zhijong Cheng and Li Ying, all the Suzhou City.And all passengers of Malaysia Airlines plane disappeared on March 8, according to Eternity . If the patent holder dies, the other holders share equally the dividends of the deceased, as long as there is dispute and n his will. If four of the five patent holders die, then the patent holder left alive gets 100% of the patent. The remaining patent holder is the company Freescale Semiconductor. Who owns Freescale Semiconductor? The answer is: Jacob Rothschild. British billionaire owns the company Blackstone, which in turn owns the company Freescale. Several speculations in the Network have already paid attention to this circumstance. The Rothschilds are a dynasty of financiers and international bankers of German-Jewish origin .The family is from the nineteenth century one of the most influential families of bankers and financiers in Europe. 

mh370

 

Predatory Jews
  • The half-million settlers in the occupied territories are Jewish and prop up the Netanyahu Likud Zionist government. Netanyahu would not be in power save the Jewish legions that support him and occupy Palestinian land.
  • This site endorses the concept of calling for the deligimization of the state of Israel. From its very inception the people who created it have assumed that they could take Palestinian land merely because they had the power to do so, just as the white Europeans wiped the American native population in the American west or countless other massacres of people who stood in the way of relentless imperialism.
  • The Holocaust is a hoax perpetrated on the people of the world that was also conjured up to support the overall plan to establish a Zionist state in Palestine.
  • Ashkenazi Jews who hold the belief that they have some sort of biblical claim to Palestine is purely a conjured up scheme that is part and parcel to their over all plan to gain a foothold and then dominate the acquisition of resources in the upper African continent.
  • The people of Israel are just as responsible as its leaders in causing the horror that the Palestinians have been subject to for over sixty years now. They elected the leaders who have perpetrated the crimes upon the Palestinians who are just trying to obtain justice for those who stole their lands, homes and lives.
Jewish Billionaires source: Subvertednation

Warren Buffet – crypto-jew Berkshire Hathaway John Gandel – Northgan Gandel Group Solomon Lew Frank Lowy – The Westfield Group Harry Triguboff – Meriton Apartments Elie Horn – owner/founder Cyrela Brazil Realty SA Joseph Safra – Safra Group Moises Safra – Safra Group Dorothea Steinbruch – widow of Mendel Steinbruch, co-founder of Vicunha Group, owner Companhia Siderurgica Nacional (steel company) David Azrieli – founder Canpro Investments Charles Bronfman – co-chairman Seagram Co. Daryl Katz- founder/chairman Katz Group of Companies Bernard Sherman – founder/chairman Apotex Group Alexander Shnaider – co-founder Midland Group Jeffrey Skoll – co-founder Ebay Sir Michael Kadoorie – owner/founder CLP Holdings Ltd Serge Dassault – Dassault Group Alain & Gerard Wertheimer – owners Chanel Andy von Bechtolsheim – co-founder Sun Microsystems Shari Arison – co-owner Carnival Cruise Ami/Michael Federmann – Federmann Enterprises Morris Kahn – co-founder Amdocs Lev Leviev – owner Africa-Israeli Investments Alexander Mashkevich – co-owner Aflgeron Management Arnon Milchan – New Regency Productions Sammy Ofer – Ofer Brothers Group Benny Steinmetz – Steinmetz Diamond Group Yitzhak Tshuva – Delek Group Stef Wertheimer – founder Iscar Lily Safra – born Lily Watkins married into jewish money, husbands die of odd circumstances Alexander Abramov – Evraz Holdings, steel production Roman Abramovich – Sibneft Peter Aven – co-founder Alfa Bank Boris Berezovsky – a.k.a. Platon Elenin former deputy secretary of Russia security council, robber baron Mikhail Fridman – Alfa Group Vyacheslav Kantor – Akron German Khan – executive director Alfa Group Lev Kvetnoi Leonid Mikhelson – founder/chairman Novatek Victor Vekselberg – TNK-BP Nicky Oppenheimer – De Beers Isak Andic – founder Mango Marcuise Alicia Koplowitz – Omega Capital Marcuise Esther Koplowitz – Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas Gennadiy Bogolyubov – Privat Group Igor Kolomoysky – Dnipropetrovs’k Group Victor Pinchuk – founder Interpipe Group Clive Calder – founder Zomba Music Group Richard Desmond – publisher Daily Express Lloyd Dorfman – founder Travelers Group Bernie Ecclestone – president/CEO Formula One Management; Laurence Graff – Graff Diamonds Sir Philip Green – British Home Stores Albert Gubay – founder Kwik Safe Nasser Khalili – art dealer Joseph Lewis – founder/investor Tavistock Group Baron David Sainsbury – J Sainsbury David & Simon Reuben – joint Chief Executives of Reuben Brothers Eduard Shifrin – Midland Group Daniel Abraham – Slim-Fast Sheldon Adelson – Las Vegas Sands Philip Anschutz – founder/chairman The Anschutz Corporation Edmund Ansin – president Sunbeam Television Corp Micky Arison – CEO/owner Carnival Cruise Lines Steven Ballmer – CEO Microsoft Ronald Baron – founder Baron Capitol Management Marc Benioff – chairman/CEO of Salesforce.com Carl Berg – owner Berg & Berg Nicolas Berggruen – founder Berggruen Holdings Leon Black – partner Apollo Management Arthur Blank – co-founder/co-owner Home Depot Leonard Blavatnik – shareholder TNT-BP Saul and Access/Renova Michael Bloomberg – NY city mayor, founder Bloomberg L.P. Neil Bluhm – owner JMG Realty David Bonderman – founder GP principal, TPG Group Norman Braman – former owner Philadelphia Eagles Charles Brandes -founder Brandes Investment Partners Donald Bren – chairman Irvine Company Sergey Brin – co-founder/co-owner Google Eli Broad – shareholder American International Group Edgar Bronfman, Sr – Seagram Co. Ronald Burkle – founder Yucaipa Cos. Alan Casden – partner Blackacre Capital Management Leon Charney – lawyer Steven Cohen – founder/chairman SAC Capital Partners Leon Cooperman – founder/CEO/chairman Omega Advisors Lester Crown – shareholder General Dynamics Mark Cuban – founder Broadcast.com, Dallas Mavericks Michael Dell – founder Dell Computers Barry Diller – founder CEO IAC Stanley Druckenmiller – founder Duquesne Capital Glenn Dubin – co-founder Highbridge Capital Management Larry Ellison – CEO Oracle Communication Israel Englander – Millennium Partners Doris Fisher – co-founder The Gap John Fisher – main shareholder The Gap Kenneth Fisher – founder/chairman/CEO Fisher Investments Robert Fisher – chairman The Gap Thomas Friedkin – Gulf States Toyota Robert Friedland – Ivanhoe Mines Phillip Frost – chairman Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. David Geffen – co-founder/co-owner Dream Works SKG; Malcolm Glazer – First Allied Corporation Alec Gores – leveraged buyouts of technology firms Tom Gores – Platinum Equity David Gottesman – founder/partner First Manhattan Jeffrey Greene – real estate William Gross – manager Pacific Investments Management - See more at:

 

Joshua Harris – partner Apollo Management Carl Icahn – 2.9% of Time Warner, financier, corporate raider, private equity investor Michael Ilitch – founder/owner Little Caesar’s Pizza Jim Irsay – owner Indianapolis Colts Irwin Jacobs – co-founder/main shareholder Qualcomm Jeremy Jacobs, Sr – owner Deleware North Companies George Kaiser – owner Kaiser-Fransis Oil Sidney Kimmel – founder Jones Apparel Group, Nine West shoe stores Alexander Knaster – CEO Pampona Capital Management Charles Koch – CEO/chairman Koch Industries David Koch – co-owner Koch Industries William Koch – The Oxbow Group Bruce Kovner – founder Caxton Associates Robert Kraft – chairman Kraft Group Michael Krasny – founder/owner CDW Computer Henry Kravis – co-founder/co-owner Kohelberg, Kravis, Roberts & Company Edward Lampert – CEO/chairman EPS Investments Marc Lasry – founder/partner Avenue Capital Group Leonard Lauder – co-owner/CEO Estee Lauder Companies Ronald Lauder – co-owner Estee Lauder Companies Ralph Lauren – founder/chairman Polo Ralph Lauren Thomas Lee – founder Thomas H. Lee Partners Richard LeFrak – president LeFrak Organisation Nancy Lerner – main shareholder MBNA Financial Norma Lerner – main shareholder MBNA Financial Randolph Lerner – main shareholder MBNA Financial Theodore Lerner – principal Lerner Enterprises Peter Lewis – chairman Progressive Insurance Companies George Lindemann – Palm Beach Investments Jeffrey Lurie – owner (1994) Philadelphia Eagles Stephen Mandel, Jr – founder Lone Pine Capital Alfred Mann – owner Mankind Corporation Joe Mansueto – founder/CEO Morningstar Inc Bernard Marcus – co-founder/co-owner Home Depot Gary Michelson – spinal surgeon Michael Milken – Drexel Burnham Lambert Paul Milstein – partner Milstein Properties John Morgridge – chairman/CEO Cisco Systems Michael Moritz – Sequoia Capital Donald Newhouse – Advanced Publications Samuel Newhouse, Jr – Advanced Publications Daniel Och – Och-Ziff Capital Management Larry Page – co-founder/co-owner Google John Paulson – president Paulson & Co. Nelson Peltz – Triarc Companies Ronald Perelman – Revlon Isaac Perlmutter – CEO Marvel Enterprises Inc Michael Price – founder MFP Investments Anthony Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Daniel Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group James Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Jay Robert Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Jean Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group John Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Karen Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Linda Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Nicholas Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Penny Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Thomas Pritzker – Hyatt Hotels, Marmon Group Stewart Rahr – president/CEO Kinray Corp Mitchell Rales – director (1983) owner Danaher Corporation Steven Rales – chairman (1984) Danaher Corporation Sumner Redstone – CEO/chairman Viacom Ira Rennert – Renco Group Marc Rich – commodities trader Robert Rich, Jr – main shareholder Rich Products Corp George Roberts – co-founder/co-owner Kohlberg, Kravis, Roberts & Co. Stephen Ross – CEO/chairman Related Companies Alexander Rovt – fertilizer Marc Rowan – partner Apollo Management David Rubinstein – co-founder The Carlyle Group Haim Saban – Saban Capital Group Henry Samueli – co-founder/owner Broadcom Corporation Tamir Sapir – (birth name Temur Sepiahsvili) commodities, real estate Steven Schonfeld – Schonfeld Group Lynn Schusterman – Samson Investment Company Stephen Schwarzman – founder Blackstone Group Eugene Shvidler – shareholder Sibneft Thomas Siebel – founder Siebel Systems Herbert Simon – Simon Property Group James Simons – founder Renaissance Technologies Corporation Daniel Snyder – founder/owner Snyder Communications Sheldon Solow – real estate George Soros – investor John Sperling – founder Apollo Group Peter Sperling – Apollo Group Jerry Speyer – CEO Tishman Speyer Steven Spielberg – co-founder/co-owner DreamWorks SKG Leonard Stern – Hartz Mountain Henry Swieca – co-founder Highbridge Capital Management Alfred Taubman – Sotheby’s auction and shopping centers David Tepper – hedge funds, Appaloosa Management Joan Tisch – co-chairman Loews Corporation Wilma Tisch – co-chairman Loews Corporation Leslie Wexner – CEO Limited Brands Meg Whitman – CEO/president Ebay Stephen Wynn – chairman/CEO Mirage Resorts Charles Zegar – New York Bloomberg LP Sam Zell – Equity Residential Daniel Ziff – co-owner Ziff-Davis Publishing Dirk Ziff – co-owner Ziff-Davis Publishing Robert Ziff – co-owner Ziff-Davis Publishing Mark Zuckerberg- founder Facebook Mortimer Zuckerman – founder New York Daily News Rockefeller Family – Standard Oil and other oil holdings Bill Ackman – founder Pershing Square Capital Management
Asper Family's CanWest (Canada’s second largest media conglomerate) Founded and run by the Jewish Asper family Advance Publications (Samuel Newhouse) The company owns/controls the following newspapers: The Business Journal (Austin TX), Baltimore Business Journal (Baltimore, MD), Birmingham Business Journal (Birmingham, AL), Buffalo Business Journal (Buffalo, NY), Charlotte Business Journal (Charlotte, NC), Cincinnati Business Journal (Cincinnati, OH), Columbus Business Journal (Columbus, OH), Dallas Business Journal (Dallas, TX), Dayton Business Journal (Dayton, OH), Denver Business Journal (Denver, CO), Eastbay Business Journal (Oakland, CA), Triad Business Journal (Greensboro, NC), Pacific Business Journal (Honolulu, HI), Houston Business Journal (Houston, TX), Jacksonville Business Journal (Jacksonville, FL), Kansas City Business Journal (KC, MO), Business First of Louisville (Louisville, KY), Memphis Business Journal (Memphis, TN), Milwaukee Business Journal (Milwaukee, WI), Minneapolis/St. Paul Business Journal (Twin Cities), Nashville Business Journal (Nashville, TN), Orlando Business Journal (Orlando, FL), Philadelphia Business Journal (Philadelphia, PA), Phoenix Business Journal (Phoenix, AZ), Pittsburgh Business Journal (Pittsburg, PA), Portland Business Journal (Portland, OR), Triangle Business Journal (Raleigh, NC), Sacramento Business Journal (Sacramento, CA), St. Louis Business Journal (St. Louis, MO), San Antonio Business Journal (San Antonio, TX), San Francisco Business Journal (San Francisco, CA), San Jose Business Journal (San Jose, CA), Seattle Business Journal (Seattle, WA), South Florida Business Journal (Miami, FL), Tampa Bay Business Journal (Tampa, FL), Washington DC Business Journal (Washington DC), Wichita Business Journal (Wichita, KS), The Birmingham News (AL), The Patriot-News (Harrisburg, PA), The Express-Times (Easton, PA), The Allentown Times (PA), The Huntsville Times (AL), The Press-Register (Mobile, AL), The Jersey Journal (Jersey City, NJ), The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ), Gloucester County Times (Woodbury, NJ), Today’s Sunbeam (Salem, NJ), Bridgeton Evening News (NJ), The Times (Trenton, NJ), Mississippi Press (Pascagoula, MS), The Oregonian (Portland, OR), The Hillsboro Argus (OR), The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH), Staten Island Advance (New York City), Syracuse Post-Standard (NY), The New Orleans Times-Picayune (LA), The Springfield Republic (Springfield, MA), Sun Newspapers (Cleveland area), Ann Arbor News (MI), Bay City Times (MI), Flint Journal (MI), Grand Rapids Press (MI), Jackson Citizen-Patriot (MI), Kalamazoo Gazette (MI), Muskegon Chronicle (MI), Saginaw News (MI), Sports Business Journal, Sports Business Daily, NASCAR Scene, NASCAR Illustrated, Street & Smiths Sports Annuals, Hemmings Motor News, Hemmings Muscle Machines, Hemmings Sports & Exotic Cars, Hemmings Classic Car, The Sporting News, Allure, Architectural Digest, Bon Appetit, Brides, House & Garden, Conde Nast Traveler, Glamour, Gourmet, GQ, Jane, Lucky, The New Yorker, Parade, Self, Tatler, Vanity Fair, Vogue, Wired, The World of Interiors, W, Women’s Wear Daily, Daily News Record, Footwear News, Home Furnishings News, Highpoints, Executive Technology, Children’s Business, Supermarket News, Brand Marketing, Salon News, Details, Elegant Bride, Golf Digest, Golf for Women, Golf World, Golf World Business, Pivot Cellphone Service
On Martin Shkreli... Jewish AIDS drug price gouger ..... Yes, the name Shreli is Jewish.... below are supporting facts.... the name is used most often in New York.... and from ForbiddenKnowledge After purchasing the rights to a drug that prevents infections in people with weakened immune systems, including AIDS patients and cancer survivors undergoing chemotherapy, a pharmaceutical company has raised the price of the drug by 5,000%. Instead of paying $13.50 per pill, patients with life-threatening illnesses are now forced to pay $750 per pill. Led by a former hedge fund manager, Turing Pharmaceuticals was founded by Martin Shkreli after his first startup biotech company, Retrophin, ousted him last year amid accusations of stock impropriety. Shortly after founding Turing Pharmaceuticals, Shkreli secured the exclusive rights to sell Daraprim (pyrimethamine), which helps prevent malaria and treats toxoplasmosis. NamesLord .... By far, the name Shkreli is used in New York, which has the highest percentage of Jews in America. This name is used by 636 people, it is used as first name 4 times and 631 as lastname. This last name is mainly used by women: 18.8% are men and 81.2% are woman. Occurrence of "Shkreli" by states: State Occurences New York 60.6% Michigan 28.8% Massachusetts 6.4% Connecticut 1.9% Pennsylvania 0.7% Ohio 0.5% California 0.5% Colorado 0.5% Virginia 0.2% Anton Shkreli ... Director of Facilities Congregation Emanu-El ... Greater New York City AreaReligious InstitutionsTemple Emanu-El of New York was the first Reform Jewish congregation in New York City and, because of its size and prominence, has served as a flagship congregation in the Reform branch of Judaism since its founding in 1845. Its landmark Romanesque Revival building on Fifth Avenue is one of the largest synagogues in the world. It is slightly larger than the Budapest Great Synagogue, the largest in Eurasia. Emanu-El means "God is with us" in Hebrew.
Block Communications (Allen Block, Jewish) This company owns the following media assets, according to Hoover’s Handbook: The Toledo Blade newspaper, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette newspaper, Buckeye Cablesystem (Toledo, OH), Buckeye Telesystem (Toledo, OH), Buckeye Express High Speed Internet (Toledo, OH), Buckeye-Access Dial-up Internet (Toledo, OH), Metro Fiber & Cable Construction Company (Toledo, OH), KTRV (Nampa-Boise ID, Fox TV Affiliate), WAND (Decatur, IL, NBC TV Affiliate), WDRB (Louisville, KY, Fox TV Affiliate), WMYO (Louisville, KY, My TV Affiliate), WLIO (Lima, OH, NBC Affiliate), WTO5 (Toledo, OH, CW Cable Channel)
Comcast (Brian L. Roberts, Jewish) Comcast is the largest provider of cable television in the United States; it is also the second largest provider of internet service in our country. Revenue: US$24.97 billion (2007) Roberts also sits on the corporate board of the Bank of New York. In addition to its massive cable and internet business, Comcast owns the following media properties: E! Entertainment Television, Style Network, The Golf Network, OLN, G4, AZN Television, PBS Kids Sprout, TV One
Capital Cities/ABC/Disney President and CEO, Michael Eisner (Jewish). Robert Igner now is CEO ... This company controls the following media empire: Buena Vista Distribution, Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Pixar Animation Studios, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Miramax Films, Disney Toon Studios, Hollywood Pictures, ABC Network, ABC News, ABC Family, ABC News Now, The Disney Channel, Jetix, Jetix Play, SOAPnet, Toon Disney, Lifetime Entertainment Services (50%), A & E Television Network (37.5%), ABC Studios, Disney-ABC Domestic Television, Disney-ABC International Television, Walt Disney Television Animation, Radio Disney, ESPN Networks, to include:, ESPN, ESPN 2, ESPN Classic, ESPN News, ESPN Deportes, ESPNU, ESPN on ABC, ESPN HD, ESPN 2 HD, ESPN Radio, ESPN Deportes Radio, ESPN The Magazine, ESPN Now, ESPN Plus, ESPN PPV, ESPN 360, NASN, Walt Disney Parks & Resorts, to include:, Disneyland Resort, Walt Disneyworld Resort, Tokyo Disney Resort, Disneyland Resort Paris, Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, Disney Cruise Line, Disney Regional Entertainment, Walt Disney Imagineering, ABC-owned Television Stations, to include: KABC, Los Angeles, KFSN, Fresno, KGO, San Francisco, KTRK, Houston, WABC, New York City (Live With Regis & Kelli), WJRT, Flint, Saginaw, Bay City (Michigan), WPVI, Philadelphia, WLC, Chicago, WTVG, Toledo, ABC-owned Radio Stations, to include:, KDIS, Pasadena, KDIZ, Minneapolis, St. Paul, KESN, Dallas/Fort Worth, KMIK, Tempe, AZ, KMKY, Oakland, CA, KNIT, Dallas/Fort Worth (Spanish language ESPN), KSPN, Los Angeles, WDDY, Albany, NY, WEAE, Pittsburgh WEPN, New York City, WFDF, Farmington Hills (Detroit MI), WMKI, Boston, WMVP, Chicago, WQEW, New York City, WRDZ, Lagrange, IL, WRDZ FM, Indianapolis, IN, WSDZ, Belleville, IL, WWCS, Pittsburgh, WWMK, Cleveland, ABC News Radio, Disney Interactive Studios, Hyperion, Muppets Holding Company, Reedy Creek Energy Services, Walt Disney Theatrical
 
 
 
Jew or Not a Jew, Politicians link
   

 

THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS AND ITS IMPACT ON INTEREST RATE SWAPS: A ROAD TO RECOVERY THROUGH THE FRUSTRATION OF
COMMERCIAL PURPOSE DOCTRINE


Zachary Ahonen∗
I. INTRODUCTION
The global financial crisis of 2007 and 2008 continues to affect many
different aspects of the financial industry; everything from governmental
regulations to the number of players in a once robust lending market. In
June 2009, the US Department of the Treasury described the situation,
saying, “Over the past two years we have faced the most severe financial
crisis since the Great Depression.”1
Different parties pointed the figurative
finger at one institution or another as being the culprit responsible for the
damage, but it was not a single factor; rather, it was a combination of
excessive speculation and egregious wrong-doing by a multitude of
entities.2
The derivatives market was front-and-center in this ordeal, with
some of the more detailed and complicated derivatives lying at the heart of
the financial meltdown.3
This Note deals with vanilla interest rate swaps,
the simplest form of derivative,4
and the financial crisis’ effects on both
parties to interest rate swap transactions. Despite the so-called simplistic or
vanilla nature of traditional interest rate swaps, this Note discusses the
financial downturn’s drastic and complicated effect on these transactions.
First, this Note provides a general overview of the derivatives
market—interest rate swaps more specifically—and the financial crisis’
actual effect on the swaps. Second, this Note discusses the causes of action
both American and British parties negatively affected by the swaps have
brought in court and the manner in which the courts have disposed of these
cases. As this Note will discuss, these traditional causes of action have
almost exclusively failed in America, providing little consolation for the
losers in these transactions. Third, this Note explains the doctrine of
frustration of commercial purpose. Fourth and finally, this Note advocates
the effectiveness of the doctrine of frustration of commercial purpose as a
means of financial recovery for the losers in interest rate swaps during the
II. THE ONE HUNDRED FOOT VIEW OF DERIVATIVES, INTEREST RATE
SWAPS, AND THE FINANCIAL CRISIS
A. An Overview of the Derivatives Market
In order to fully appreciate the inner workings of interest rate swaps,
it is essential to have an understanding of derivatives in general. A
derivative is the name given to a financial instrument that derives its value
from something else.5
Derivatives come in many forms including, for
example: credit default swaps, credit linked notes, basket default swaps,
synthetic collateralized debt obligations, currency swaps, and of course,
interest rate swaps.6
Swaps are just one of the broad categories of financial
derivatives and are further divided into two classifications: commodity
swaps and financial swaps.7
Commodity swaps involve the swapping of
products such as crude oil or grain.8
Financial swaps involve the exchange
of bonds, foreign currencies, stocks, or other financial assets or liabilities.9
There are three types of financial swaps: foreign currency swaps, interest
rate swaps, and equity swaps.10 As evidenced simply by the sheer number
of derivatives within the swap category, the financial realm of derivatives
can be confusing and tedious. In recognition of that complexity, this Note
focuses solely on interest rate swaps to illustrate the overall applicability of
a frustration of purpose cause of action.
B. An Overview of Interest Rate Swaps: One of the Most Common Forms of
Derivatives
An interest rate swap involves two parties exchanging interest rate
streams from two separate debt instruments.11 For example, if “Business A”
needs to obtain capital, they may sell a debt bond and receive capital at a
floating interest rate. The prospect of maintaining a floating rate on the
loaned principal obviously creates a certain risk to Business A, so it may

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 431
desire to hedge that risk. One option is to engage in an interest rate swap,
which will allow Business A to “manage [its] financial risks” and “protect
[itself] against unfavorable market movements.”12 For purposes of this
hypothetical, the interest rate Business A has agreed to through its bond is
called the “Corporate Bond Rate.”13
Financial institutions or other entities recognize that they are in a
more favorable position to take on the high-risk, high-reward gamble of
carrying a variable rate.14 As a result, “Swap dealers aggressively market
their transactions . . . .”15 A bank or financial institution, for purposes of this
hypothetical named “Bank 1,” will offer to exchange with Business A the
Corporate Bond Rate for a “fixed” interest rate. In this transaction, no
money will exchange hands as a result of the principal but only as part of
the interest differential. This is a so-called off-balance sheet transaction.16
In this hypothetical transaction, there will be three pertinent interest
rates. The first is the aforementioned Corporate Bond Rate, which is a
floating rate. It is important to recognize that this rate stays with Business A
and does not affect Bank 1 in this transaction. The second relevant interest
rate is the standard floating rate index, or simply the rate index.17 A very
common rate index in swap transactions is LIBOR, or the London Interbank
Offered Rate, which is tied to the rate at which large banking institutions
can get loans for themselves at a single point in time.18 In this hypothetical,
assume that Bank 1 and Business A agree that the swap will be tied to
LIBOR as the index rate. The third and final relevant interest rate is the
fixed rate. This is the rate that Bank 1 provides to Business A to hedge or
counterbalance Business A’s floating Corporate Bond Rate. The parties
agree to a notional amount of principal for each term of the transaction,
which the LIBOR rate will eventually be multiplied against to determine
which party will owe an interest payment to the other for that term.19 The

amount of principal tied to an individual term likely will vary and can be
used as a strategic means for one party or the other to project which periods
might bring higher reward for that party.20
To clarify the transaction, an injection of numbers into the
hypothetical is helpful.21 First, Business A takes out a corporate bond for
$100 at the floating Corporate Bond Rate from “Bank 2.” Next, Bank 1 and
Business A agree to use LIBOR as the index rate. It is crucial to recognize
that LIBOR (or the chosen index rate) must track the Corporate Bond Rate
very closely to effectively allow for Business A to hedge its interest risks.
Bank 1 provides Business A with a fixed rate of 5 percent for each of four
terms. Each term will relate to twenty-five dollars of the principal and will
be spaced evenly throughout the duration of the loan. At the end of the first
term, LIBOR happens to be 4 percent. What this means is that Bank 1 has
won this term, and Business A will make a twenty-five cent payment to
Bank 1.22 At the end of the second term, LIBOR ends at 7 percent. That
would mean that Business A has won this term, and Bank 1 will make a
fifty cent payment to Business A.23
The last two terms will operate in the same manner, with the LIBOR
rate ending above the fixed rate as a win for Business A and the LIBOR rate
ending below the fixed rate as a win for Bank 1. This works as a hedge for
Business A in this way: if LIBOR rises to 10 percent for a term, then in a
properly functioning swap, the Corporate Bond Rate will be right around 10
percent as well. Business A will receive a payment from Bank 1 roughly
equivalent to what it must pay for that term of the bond to the original
lending institution, Bank 2; thus, Business A approximately breaks even or
hedges its risk.
If LIBOR falls to 2 percent for a term, then in a properly functioning
swap, the Corporate Bond Rate will be right around 2 percent as well.
Business A will pay Bank 1 roughly the equivalent to the amount it would
have had to pay to Bank 2 as interest on the Corporate Bond Rate had it
been equal to the fixed rate at 5 percent. In this way, Business A effectively
pays 5 percent interest regardless of the way LIBOR moves; the variable
within the transaction is whether Bank 1 is paying for any excess interest
over 5 percent during that term or whether Business A is paying Bank 1 for

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 433
a reduction in the interest rate below 5 percent. Theoretically, Bank 1 will
enter into interest rate swap transactions in which it believes Business A
will end up paying the difference between the LIBOR rate and the fixed rate
(i.e. when LIBOR falls below the fixed rate) more often than it will have to
pay the difference to Business A (i.e. when LIBOR rises above the fixed
rate). For Business A, it can calculate a reasonably fixed cost for the bond,
which allows better budgeting and financial planning: when adding what it
receives from or pays to Bank 1 with what it owes Bank 2 on the Corporate
Bond Rate, it should come out to approximately a 5 percent total interest
payment.
C. An Overview of The Global Financial Crisis of 2007 and 2008
The global financial crisis of 2007 and 2008 created a “fundamental
disruption” and a “financial upheaval” that “wreaked havoc in communities
and neighborhoods across the country.”24 Since then, there has been much
debate amongst politicians, academics, and the general populous concerning
who exactly is at fault for the meltdown.25 The government-created
Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission made a determination in 2011 that it
was indeed a combination of factors amalgamating to create the drastic
effect. Amongst these factors were the practice of shadow banking, the
increase in securitization and derivatives, the deregulation of the financial
and banking industries, and increases in subprime lending.26 Of importance
to this Note is the “conclu[sion that] over the counter derivatives
contributed significantly to th[e] crisis,” and an understanding of how the
downturn directly affected interest rate swaps in a significant way.27
1. The Effect of the Global Financial Crisis on Interest Rate Swaps in
America: Divergence Causes a Hedging Failure
As America experienced its financial spiral, floating interest rate
indexes plummeted. This brought about an “unforeseen and precipitous
drop in interest rates . . . [causing the impairment of] borrowers’ (as Fixed
Rate Payors) financial position under their swap contracts, causing them to
owe substantial interval, settlement, and/or early termination payments to

their counterparty Floating Rate Payors.”28 These index rate drops turned
the interest rate swaps into consistent losers for the parties who had the
fixed rate, as each term ended with the LIBOR or the index rate below the
fixed rates.29 The inverted effect of this was a windfall for the institutions
holding the floating rate.30 However, the loss by the fixed rate holders due
to the hedging was a foreseeable risk that those parties had knowingly taken
on as part of their agreement. What was not foreseen and what caused these
holders to lose on a much larger scale was the divergence of the Corporate
Bond Rate and the LIBOR rate.31 Recall that a basic assumption for the
effectiveness of an interest rate swap as a hedge is that the indexing rate,
such as LIBOR, and the Corporate Bond Rate will track one another; that
did not happen during the financial crisis.32 Instead, the company had to pay
the historic difference between the low indexing rate and the unmoving
fixed rate to the bank—in the previous example, Bank 1—as part of the
swap agreement.33 But in addition, the company had to pay a large amount
to the holder of the bond—in the previous example, Bank 2—at the
Corporate Bond Rate since the Corporate Bond Rate increased or held
steady, and the indexing rate plummeted; the companies stuck in these
transactions were paying two parties and effectively there was no hedge.34
Recalling the example used previously with Business A, Bank 1, and
Bank 2, it is once again easier to visualize the loss of a hedge with
numerical values. As a reminder, assume that Business A pays a fixed rate
set at 5 percent to Bank 1. For this example, Business A’s corporate bond is
$100 and the Corporate Bond Rate is tied to the Federal Funds Rate, while
the indexing rate is LIBOR. Finally, recall that LIBOR and the Corporate
Bond Rate or here, the Federal Funds Rate set by the Federal Reserve, need
to track. Assume for the first twenty-five-dollar term, the LIBOR rate is 4
percent, the Corporate Bond Rate is 4.25 percent, and the fixed rate is the
standard 5 percent; for this term, Business A makes a $0.25 payment to
Bank 1 and must pay Bank 2 $1.06.35 Under these conditions, the hedge
2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 435
works because Business A is paying a total rate of 5.25 percent, which is
near the 5 percent fixed rate. However, assume that between the first and
second term the financial crisis occurs. When it comes time for the second
payment, the fixed rate is still 5 percent, LIBOR has plummeted to 2
percent, and the Corporate Bond Rate has also fallen, but to 3.5 percent;
LIBOR and the Corporate Bond Rate are no longer closely tracking. For
this term, Business A must pay Bank 1 $0.75 and must pay Bank 2 $0.88.36
Under these conditions, the hedge has failed and Business A must pay 6.52
percent for this term instead of their fixed 5 percent. For this transaction, it
may not seem like much of a difference; however, for a larger dollar
volume corporate bond and over the course of multiple terms, this higher
payment could be a large blow for a business.
Moving on to the third term, assume that conditions continue to
deteriorate and LIBOR has fallen to 1 percent while the Corporate Bond
Rate falls to 3.25 percent; although both rates have fallen, the difference
between the rates has increased even more. In this term, the hedge has
failed again and Business A must pay Bank 1 $1.00 and must pay Bank 2
$0.81.37 The total rate paid for the term is 7.24 percent. In the fourth term,
assume that the LIBOR rate fell to 0.5 percent and the corporate bond rate
fell to 3 percent. For this term, Business A owes Bank 1 $1.12 and Bank 2
$0.75, for a total payment of $1.87 and a total rate of 7.48 percent.38
As this example demonstrates, an unexpected and unprecedented
divergence in the LIBOR rate and Corporate Bond Rate all with a falling
LIBOR rate increases the “fixed” interest rate the borrower was supposed to
pay. On a large scale, even seemingly small divergences can create drastic
losses. This is what occurred during the financial crisis of 2007 and 2008.
For example, from January of 2006 until June of 2006, the difference
between LIBOR39 and the Federal Funds Rate hovered between 0.2 percent

2. The Legal Ramifications in The United States: A Legal Barricade
from Recovery
After the divergence between the Corporate Bond Rates and LIBOR,
entities attempted to recover from their drastic losses. They began by
attempting to bring lawsuits against the banks, but they ran up against the
built-in legal safeguards of the standardized ISDA agreements they had
signed.42 The International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA)
standardized the form of swap agreements in an attempt to reduce disputes
and transaction costs associated with the deals.43 However, the ISDA
agreement is only one of three parts of an agreement, the other two being
the Schedule and the Confirmation Letter.44 These three documents
combined tend to insulate the banks from claims after a loss occurs, as they
include many waivers on the part of the entity entering into the deals with
the banks.45 Furthermore, a large majority of American litigation in the
derivatives arena falls under the jurisdiction of the Federal District Court
for the Southern District of New York and New York state law as a result of
the form documents offered by the banks.46
a. Lack of Authority or Agency
One of the more common claims brought in attempts to invalidate
swap agreements, at least initially, was that the execution on the part of the
company was performed with a lack of authority or agency. In such cases,
the customer claims that the employee or employees who entered into the
transaction did not have the corporate authority to engage in that level of
decision-making.47 The claim relies on “the assertion that the employee was
somehow a renegade and the corporation was unaware of what was actually

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 437
being done.”48 However, these claims were not widely successful due to the
doctrine of apparent authority, which places liability on a company or
employer that gives a false impression that the employee engaged in the
transaction does have the authority to execute the deal; it is a theory that
promotes reasonable reliance on a person’s authority when he or she
purports to be a decision maker.49 For apparent authority to not apply in
such a situation, the facts would require a person of questionable authority
involved in the transaction to begin with, which is not likely considering the
impliedly important nature of these hedging techniques.50
As a typical example of how US courts deal with agency claims in
this context, Ables & Hall Builders (Ables) attempted to avoid its losses
due to interest rate swaps by claiming a lack of authority to enter the
agreement.51 Ables had entered into a swap with US Bank National
Association, which brought a breach of contract action to enforce the
payment terms of the swap against Ables.52 As a defense against
enforcement, Ables claimed that Darlene, a bookkeeper, did not have
authority to bind the company with the interest rate swap transaction yet
proceeded to sign the Master Agreement and Schedule.53 The bank realized
a while later that Darlene had not been authorized to sign on behalf of
Ables, and it contacted Ables to have the contract officially executed.54
Eventually, Ables consented to sign the forms again; however, there was
some question as to whether management fully understood the agreement.55
The court found that, by performing under the contract for over three years
after execution, Ables had ratified the agreement in terms of agency law.56
The court did not discuss whether Darlene may have had apparent
authority.57 This case emphasizes the struggle an entity has in utilizing this
legal defense against enforcement. Even if the court somehow determines
that there was a lack of apparent authority on the part of an employee, the
barrier of ratification by performance makes this legal tool virtually
obsolete in instances where the transaction has already begun.
438 IND. INT’L & COMP. L. REV. [Vol. 24:2
rate swaps gone wrong have attacked the formation of the transaction,
saying that the bank either engaged in fraud or a negligent
misrepresentation. The fraud claims are highly case-specific and can
become very complex to resolve in the derivatives context.58 Because of the
relatively difficult and complicated nature of derivatives, it can be difficult
to prove that a misunderstanding, on the part of a business entity, was a
material misstatement made by the bank.59 Businesses have attempted to
assert fraud in everything from a misrepresentation of the nature of the risks
involved to a misrepresentation of the value of the derivatives.60
Even in a less financially volatile time with fewer claims, American
courts have not given much heed to fraud arguments relating to interest rate
swaps. In Procter & Gamble Co. v. Bankers Trust Co., an Ohio federal
court held that a transaction for interest rate swaps did not constitute
fraud.61 Procter & Gamble (P & G) argued that Bankers Trust Co. (BT) had
represented to them, through advertisements and presentations, that they
would be using expertise in the area to advise them in the complex area of
derivatives.62 The court found that
BT was not acting for or on behalf of P & G as that
relationship is generally construed in the customer-broker
context. As counterparties, P & G and BT were principals
in a bilateral contractual arrangement. This is not to say
that BT had no duties to P & G. . . . However, P & G has no
private right of action under § 4b [of the Commodity
Exchange Act].63
In K3C Inc. v. Bank of America, N.A., the Fifth Circuit Court of
Appeals also determined that there was not an action for fraud in the
transaction for an interest rate swap.64 The court emphasized the stringent
standard to be met in order for the plaintiff to succeed on the fraud claim
saying,
To prevail on their fraud claim, [K3C, Inc.] must prove
that: (1) BOA made a material representation that was
false; (2) BOA knew the representation was false or made it
recklessly as a positive assertion without any knowledge of

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 439
its truth; (3) BOA intended to induce [K3C, Inc.] to act
upon the misrepresentation; and (4) [K3C, Inc.] actually
and justifiably relied upon the representation and thereby
suffered injury.65
The Fifth Circuit’s opinion further cemented the trouble in
overcoming the burden of proving fraud when it mentioned that the
language contained in the ISDA Master Agreement makes it difficult to
prove the justifiable reliance prong.66 Although as a general rule fraud
claims have not found much success in this arena, most parties seeking to
recover for losses on interest rate swaps bring a fraud claim since the facts
of the individual case could potentially bring a different outcome.67
c. Negligent Misrepresentation
Though closely related to fraud, negligent misrepresentation claims
are a slightly different method of approaching recovery from a losing
interest rate swap. In order to succeed on a negligent misrepresentation
claim, an injured plaintiff must show the defendant breached a duty to the
plaintiff.68 In a commercial context, such as that of the derivatives market,
the defendant must possess some form of expertise or be in a position of
trust with the injured party such that reliance on the defendant’s negligent
misrepresentation was warranted.69 Typically, those entities bringing
negligent misrepresentation claims allege that the marketing campaign of
the financial institution has portrayed the transaction in a simpler and less
risky manner than is appropriate; this is despite the typical contractual
language in which the business agrees that it is fully informed of what it is
entering into and discloses the potential for financial loss.70 Furthermore,
“[t]he law of negligent misrepresentation is more complex than that of fraud
and generates some additional difficulties in derivatives disputes.”71 A
similar but subtly different corollary to this argument has come more
recently in the form of attempts to void the transactions as an equitable
remedy due to the LIBOR-rigging scandal occurring at the same time that
banks were still selling and marketing interest-rate swaps. Under this
theory, a party often claims that the banks were negligently misrepresenting

that the swaps worked as a hedge when those swaps already executed were
failing due to artificial LIBOR deflation.72
Cases previous to the financial crisis demonstrated that negligent
misrepresentation claims were not likely to get past the safeguards of ISDA.
Additionally, the barrier of a counterparty relationship between the banks
and those entering the transaction with them and a difficulty in proving
statements that constitute a negligent misrepresentation combine to largely
discount this cause of action.73 After the crisis, there was little to no change
in this outcome.74 Additionally, statute of limitations issues add another
obstacle to recovery under negligent misrepresentation.75
The court in Yountville Investors, LLC v. Bank of America, N.A.
provides an opinion demonstrating the difficulty parties have in bringing
negligent misrepresentation claims.76 After their interest rate swap cost
Yountville Investors dearly, they brought several claims for declaratory
relief, restitution, and damages.77 Yountville alleged “defendant possesse[d]
‘unique and specialized expertise and superior knowledge with respect to
interest swap agreements[,]’ and therefore had a duty to disclose any profit
it would realize on entering the agreement, as well as to ‘correctly represent
the manner and method by which it calculated any termination amount.’”78
The court, however, dismissed the claim saying,
Even viewing the facts alleged by plaintiff in the most
favorable light, the Court finds that plaintiff has failed to
allege either a relationship that is in any way distinct from
that between a “plain-vanilla” borrower and lender, or a
duty of care arising from any source external to the swap
agreement. The law does not impose liability for negligent

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 441
misrepresentations in such a context. Plaintiff's claim for
negligent misrepresentation must therefore be dismissed.79
In general, negligent misrepresentation claims for interest rate swaps
end up meeting the same end as most other traditional claims brought
against the behemoth that is the financial system and its built-in legal
protections.
3. The Effect on Interest Rate Swaps in the United Kingdom: A
Similar Divergence Issue Overseas
The effects of the financial crisis of 2007 and 2008 were not isolated
to the United States of America.80 When the US government allowed the
investment bank Lehman Brothers to fail in September of 2008, the crisis
came to a global head; for a period, every bank was considered to be
risky.81 Shortly thereafter, there were legitimate fears of a global financial
domino effect; this fear forced western governments to serve as capital life
support for many of their banks in order to avoid collapse.82 It is in this
financial background that interest rate swaps became losing transactions in
the United Kingdom just as they had in the United States.83 In England
alone, an estimated 28,000 interest rate swaps were sold to small businesses
between the years of 2001 and 2007.84
4. The Legal Ramifications in the United Kingdom: A More Friendly
Recovery Regime
There are two main distinguishing factors between judicial
determinations relating to interest rate swaps in the United States and the
United Kingdom. The first was the decision handed down in Hazell v.
Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council by the House of Lords
in 1991.85 Hazell was a unanimous determination by the highest court of
appeal in the United Kingdom86 that the interest rate swaps at issue were
ultra vires of the local authorities who had entered into them and thus
illegal.87 The second aspect that separates the legal ramifications of the
global financial crisis on interest rate swaps in the United Kingdom versus
the United States is the judicial handling of claims for restitution or
rescission since the crisis. In the United Kingdom, it is possible such claims
are more likely to succeed due to both the rise of mis-selling claims after
the LIBOR scandal has come to light88 and the Financial Services Authority
(FSA) process for payouts to uninformed purchasers of the swaps.89
a. The Hazell Decision and its Fortunate Consequences
Although both businesses and local governments have utilized interest
rate swaps as a funding mechanism in the United States, the Hazell case in
1991 removed local governments from the market in the United Kingdom.
The decision would seem a fortuitous piece of foresight after the global
financial crisis turned several swap transactions into toxic losers. In Hazell,
the Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council ceased making
payments toward the interest rate swaps they had entered into.90 At the time,
this was the largest default on an interest rate swap transaction in history.91
The Local Government Act of 1972 divided England into counties, districts,
London boroughs, and parishes; it also created the Hammersmith and
Fulham London Borough Council and other similar local bodies.92 The
authority of these local bodies was circumscribed by the 1972 Act
specifically limiting the purpose and methods of borrowing for local
authorities.93 The Council entered into several interest rate swaps through

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 443
the years in an attempt to correctly predict the rise or fall of interest rates
and earn a profit on the transactions in order to apply the earnings to the
interest of their borrowing.94
On January 24, 1991, the House of Lords determined all of the
Council’s interest rate swaps were illegal and invalid.95 The court
interpreted the 1972 Act to not include interest rate swaps as an ancillary or
incidental function of the Council’s borrowing power.96 As a result of the
swap transactions being ultra vires, the Council was excused from making
its contractually obligated payments of $843.5 million to $1.012 billion to
the banks with which it had entered into the transactions.97
Despite the immediate impact of the Council’s ability to excuse
payment, there was a much broader and longer-lasting effect stemming
from the Hazell decision. There were two central consequences arising from
the decision. First, the local authorities in the United Kingdom no longer
entered into interest rate swaps.98 This would be important a decade and a
half later when English local authorities and institutions watched as their
US counterparts suffered through bankruptcy or financial stress nearing
bankruptcy as a result of toxic swaps.99 The second, more chaotic action
was a “triggering of a rash of litigation.”100 Once the Hazell decision came
down, it unraveled hundreds of other transactions entered into by other
local authorities as ultra vires.
101 Overall, the central effect of the Hazell
decision on the global financial crisis in 2007 and 2008 was that when the
crisis hit, some local governments in the US were damaged severely by
holding interest rate swaps while the local authorities in the United

Kingdom had been banned from entering such arrangements since 1991.
b. The Rise of Mis-Selling Claims
More recently, the divergence between the handling of interest rate
swap disputes in the United Kingdom and the United States has increased
with the prevalence of what the British financial world has dubbed “misselling.”102
The reason behind the term is the idea that the banks selling and
marketing the transactions did not make clear the consequences of a drop in
one of the tracking rates more than the other, and that they had not revealed
initially the penalty-sized termination fees in the event the company needed
to end the contract early.103 Though nominally different, the claim for misselling
closely mirrors the American common law negligent
misrepresentation or fraud claims.104 A stark difference is the general
success realized by British companies in bringing these claims versus their
American counterparts.
With claims for mis-selling from all forms and sizes of businesses, the
FSA105 has taken on the task of sifting through the interest rate swap swamp
in the United Kingdom. It is easiest to sort the mis-selling claims into two
categories: those utilizing the LIBOR-rigging scandal as a central part of
the mis-selling argument and those claims not necessarily focused on the
LIBOR-rigging scandal. It is important to note that both of these areas of
British law are rapidly changing as multitudes of these claims are raised,
judicially or administratively determined, or settled virtually daily.106
The claims of mis-selling made without a focus on the LIBOR
scandal have been relatively successful depending on the business bringing
the claim. In 2012 the large public concern in the United Kingdom over the
havoc interest rate swaps had wreaked on small and medium-sized
companies (SMEs) culminated in a review of the transactions by the

 

 


2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 445
FSA.107 At that time, a number of banks based in the United Kingdom108
agreed with the FSA to provide appropriate remedies without a suit in
instances of mis-selling.109 Part of the reason for the banks’ acquiescence
was the FSA’s finding that 90 percent of deals with unsophisticated
purchasers violated at least one of the FSA’s rules.110 The question then
arose about what to do with the claims not based on LIBOR manipulation in
court having been brought by SMEs prior to the banks’ agreements with the
FSA.111 An answer came in the form of a decision in Grant Estates, Ltd. v.
The Royal Bank of Scotland.
112 In that case, the court held that the contract
forming the interest rate swaps precluded a mis-selling claim, similar to the
results in American courts; this left Grant Estates, Ltd. solely with a remedy
through the agreements between the FSA and the banks for restitution.113
Although it was clear that the banks would be compensating SMEs
for the mis-selling of interest rate swaps, as of January 31, 2013, there was
not an established method or calculation of how the payments were to be
made or administered, though payments under non-terminated agreements
had been suspended.114 Additionally, there were certain specifications for
the SMEs that would be eligible under the agreements. Originally, the FSA
determined only businesses with less than £6.5 million of sales, fewer than
fifty employees, or assets worth less than £3.26 million would be eligible.115
The purpose of this classification was to hopefully capture only the subset
of businesses that were non-sophisticated and would not be likely to have
understood the full financial complexities of an interest rate swap.116
Inversely, the FSA did not want to bail out companies that had the financial
complexity and capacity to understand the risky transaction they were
entering.117 However, the FSA soon realized that this was an
oversimplification and that categorizing businesses in this way did not best

serve the purpose sought.118 An example of this strict categorization would
be a company that operated a seasonal business and had more than fifty
employees due to a large amount of work in a small amount of time; more
specifically, an institution like a bed and breakfast119 or a small orchard
might be classified as complex enough to understand the inner-workings of
an interest rate swap.120 From a policy-perspective, the FSA knew it must
change course; the exact nature of this change in categorization is still being
contemplated as of the writing of this Note.121
Furthermore, there has been much debate on how those SMEs
qualifying for the FSA agreement with the banks will be compensated. The
FSA has made a general statement expressing that redress for mis-selling of
interest rate swaps “should aim to put customers back in the position they
would have been in, had the breach of regulatory requirements not
occurred.”122 The company must demonstrate it would not have purchased
an interest rate swap had the bank not mis-sold in order to receive full
compensation or that it would have purchased a different product for partial
compensation.123 Those aspects of compensation may seem straightforward,
but many SMEs also desire compensation for consequential damages
stemming from their toxic swap contracts. Some of the claims for
consequential damages include requests for compensation due to laying off
employees, selling off assets, overdrafting charges, or additional borrowing
costs; termination fees are typically considered to be a direct damage from
the swap transactions.124 At this stage, it is unclear exactly how the
consequential damages will factor into redress for mis-selling.125
By excluding larger, more complex companies from utilizing the FSA
agreement with the banks, the FSA prompted a new type of mis-selling
claim; one that focuses on the artificial deflation of the LIBOR rate during
the global financial crisis. At the time of the writing of this Note, it is not
exactly clear how the courts in the United Kingdom will handle mis-selling
cases in which the impropriety of LIBOR depression by the bank involved
in the transaction is utilized as a justification for restitution. However, there
are indications that the banks are concerned with what the future might
hold. For example, Barclays set aside $1.6 billion for legal costs it
anticipated for mis-selling claims as of February 5, 2013—including a large
portion not allocated for forced payments through its agreement with the

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 447
FSA to restore SMEs to pre-swap position.126 Additionally, UBS reported
that it had spent $2 billion on legal fees in 2012; this included $1.5 billion
in fines for its role in the LIBOR-rigging scandal in addition to fighting
other legal battles related to the scandal.127 One final demonstration of how
large banks might fear legal precedent for LIBOR-rigging claims is The
Royal Bank of Scotland, which settled for £25 million with businessman
David Agar over his interest rate swap claims.128

III. THE CARNAGE: REAL EXAMPLES OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL
DESTRUCTION DUE TO TOXIC INTEREST RATE SWAPS
It is difficult to overstate the devastating financial consequences the
crisis in 2007 and 2008 and the conditions that followed have had on
businesses, local governments, and other “fixed rate” holders of derivatives,
most specifically interest rate swaps. Jefferson County in Alabama, which
contains the city of Birmingham, underwent the largest municipal
bankruptcy on record due to its derivatives used to finance sewage
improvements in 2008.129 Boston University suffered at the hand of interest
rate swaps to the tune of a net operating loss of $162.6 million for fiscal
year 2011; this forced the university to ready and liquidate $200 million in
the event that it had to cancel the transactions and pay termination fees.130
Even worse was neighboring Harvard University, whose interest rate swaps
became so toxic that it was willing to terminate them at a fee of around $1
billion.131 Businesses from Wisconsin’s Metavante, which supplied
financial technology services and software to the British Chinese restaurant
chain Hakkasan, lost considerable amounts of money on interest rate
swaps.132 It was under this climate of financial annihilation and loss that
disenchanted and disgruntled entities brought legal claims attempting to

IV. THE FRUSTRATION OF PURPOSE DOCTRINE: A SEEMINGLY
INAPPLICABLE APPLICATION
A. The Tests for Frustration of Purpose: A Common Law Defense to
Enforcement
As a relatively rare common law defense to enforcement, frustration
of purpose may seem like an unlikely theory to enter the complicated and
complex derivatives market as a savior for holders of toxic swaps.
However, applying the facts of the recent and unprecedented global
financial crisis within the interest rate swap context to a frustration scenario,
it actually makes quite a bit of sense as a claim against enforcement.
The Restatement (Second) of Contracts states that the frustration of
purpose doctrine applies:
Where, after a contract is made, a party’s principal purpose
is substantially frustrated without his fault by the
occurrence of an event the non-occurrence of which was a
basic assumption on which the contract was made, his
remaining duties to render performance are discharged,
unless the language or the circumstances indicate the
contrary.133
The rationale behind this defense to enforcement of a contract is to
protect a party when the other party’s performance becomes virtually
worthless due to something unforeseen to either party prior to agreeing to
the deal.134 It is crucial first that the purpose being frustrated was the
principal purpose or consideration of the contract; in other words, without
the existence of the frustrated portion of the contract, the transaction would
have made little sense.135 Additionally, the frustration must not be slight;
rather, it must be of a substantial nature.136 Finally, the non-occurrence of
the frustrating event must have been so strongly assumed that it was a basic
assumption upon which the contract was made.137
In essence, the doctrine of frustration of purpose is a judicially
imposed condition on all contracts that both parties agree at the time of
contracting that either party will be excused from performance if the
conditions change in a way unforeseen to either party in a way relating to

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 449
something that is a fundamental basis of the deal.138 In order for frustration
of purpose to apply, the value of the parties’ performance must be
completely or almost completely abrogated by the frustrating event.139 The
rationale behind the foreseeability requirement is that if the occurrence of
the frustrating event is reasonably foreseeable, then the parties to the
contract should have negotiated terms addressing the potential occurrence
of the event and indicating which party would bear the burden or risk of its
occurrence.140 Furthermore, the general view amongst the legal community
is that “[t]he doctrine of commercial frustration should be limited in its
application and narrowly applied to preserve the certainty of contracts.”141
B. The Beginning of the Frustration of Purpose Doctrine: A Cancelled
Parade
The history of the frustration of purpose doctrine in both America and
the United Kingdom actually took root in the same decision. Krell v. Henry
is the archetypal case for frustration of purpose and finds itself in most firstyear
contract law courses.142 In Krell, the two parties to the lawsuit had
entered into a contract in which Mr. Henry would rent Mr. Krell’s
apartment for two days.143 Though not expressed in the language of the
contract, the principal purpose of the rental was for Mr. Henry to view the
coronation parade of the King from Krell’s balcony apartment.144 The intent
behind the renting was evidenced by the short term of the rental and the fact
that the “price to be paid . . . was fixed with reference to the expected
procession”—in other words, at a much higher price than would typically
be the case.145 When it came time for the parade, the King fell ill and the
parade did not take place as planned.146 Mr. Henry refused to pay for the
room as the contract required, and this suit commenced.147
The court ultimately held that Mr. Henry did not have to pay for the
room as agreed upon in the contract.148 The court set the following
parameters for determining whether frustration of purpose should excuse
enforcement of a contract:
Each case must be judged by its own circumstances. In
each case one must ask oneself, first, what, having regard
to all the circumstances, was the foundation of the contract?
Secondly, was the performance of the contract prevented?
Thirdly, was the event which prevented the performance of
the contract of such a character that it cannot reasonably be
said to have been in the contemplation of the parties at the
date of the contract? If all these questions are answered in
the affirmative . . . , I think both parties are discharged from
further performance of the contract.149
When applying the facts of the case to that framework, the court
determined that the basis of the contract was to rent the room in order to
view the coronation.150 The non-occurrence of the coronation prevented the
performance of the contract in that the bargained-for consideration was no
longer in existence.151 Finally, the event frustrating the agreement, or the
cancellation of the coronation, was not something the parties would have
reasonably foreseen when agreeing to the terms of the contract; in other
words, there was a presumption by both parties that the procession would
occur and the non-occurrence was reasonably determined to be so unlikely
that the contract did not specifically state that the contract was conditioned
on the occurrence of the coronation.152
C. The Current Relevance of the Frustration of Purpose Doctrine
Frustration of purpose is generally rare as an affirmative defense to
the enforcement of a contract. It does, however, have a contemporary
application,153 especially within the confines of New York state law, which
governs most interest rate swaps under ISDA form agreements. There are
many different types of contracts in which performance is excused under
frustration of purpose, and even seemingly complex business and financial
contracts between seemingly knowledgeable and experienced parties can
result in frustration of purpose.154 The particular context is of little
importance; rather, as long as the elements for frustration of purpose are
present, the defense to enforcement is valid.
In D&A Structural Contractors Inc., the court found frustration of

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 451
purpose a legitimate defense to enforcement in the insurance context.155
More specifically, a married couple had their mutual property destroyed by
a fire.156 The wife entered into a contract for the restoration of the destroyed
house, with the contracted price to be the insurance proceeds.157 However,
prior to the contract, the couple had become estranged and initiated a
divorce; as such, the matrimonial court prohibited the wife from
transferring any of her marital assets, which included the insurance
proceeds.158 The divorce proceedings and the restraint on the distribution of
the insurance money prevented the wife from paying on the contract, and a
lawsuit followed.159 The court ultimately held that her performance was
excused since the court order preventing her from disbursing the insurance
proceeds had frustrated the purpose of the contract to rebuild the house.160
The court determined that “the central element of the Restoration Contract
was the renovation of the home.”161 Essentially, “[the wife’s] objective was
to renovate her home with the insurance proceeds, and this was the basis
upon which [the parties] contracted.”162 As such, the court “conclude[d] that
the issuance of the restraining order was an unanticipated event that
frustrated the contracts’ purpose, thereby discharging [the wife’s] obligation
to make payment pursuant to the . . . [contract].”163
Another recent example of a New York court enforcing the frustration
of purpose doctrine comes in 528-538 W. 159th St. LLC.
164 In this case,
Soloff Management was hired to manage a set of apartment buildings.165 In
a breach not related to frustration of purpose, an action was commenced in
which an arbitration administered by the traditional Jewish arbitration panel
dubbed the Beis Din was to arbitrate based upon Din Torah, or Jewish
law.166 Two of the three arbitrators on the Beis Din removed themselves
from the arbitration, which led to a whirlwind of reshuffling amongst the
Jewish leaders and an ultimate determination that the Beis Din was unable
to make a judicial decision since they could not compel discovery of
essential information to the issue.167 These facts led the court to excuse the
parties from arbitration, since “the Beis Din [was] unable to fully arbitrate
the dispute, which [was] the obvious purpose of the agreement.”168 Overall,
the court determined that “defendants’ failure to complete discovery has
frustrated the entire purpose of the arbitration agreement.”169
D. Murphy-Hoffman Co. v. Bank of America, N.A. Brings the Frustration
of Purpose Doctrine into the Realm of Interest Rate Swaps
Murphy-Hoffman Co. v. Bank of America, N.A.170 is a little-known
piece of case law with drastic importance for utilizing a commercial
frustration argument to unwind an interest rate swap. It is not necessarily
significant in terms of judicial precedent; rather, its functional use is as a
guidepost for how to structure the argument. The decision was made by the
US District Court for the Western District of Missouri using New York law
for the frustration of purpose claim.171 Murphy-Hoffman Co. (MH) sold and
leased trucks at a variety of facilities across ten states.172 Bank of America
(BoA) approached MH about the possibility of entering into an interest rate
swap in order to insure that MH had a fixed interest rate for the money it
had recently borrowed.173 BoA gave a presentation to MH in which BoA
demonstrated how the transaction would benefit MH.174 In the explanation,
MH was informed that the purpose of the transaction was to hedge its
floating interest rate.175
After and during the global financial crisis, the hedging function of
the interest rate swap failed and MH stopped paying BoA.176 Essentially,
the two floating rates generally tracked as they were supposed to from the
inception of the agreement until 2007.177 However, from September 2007
until MH terminated the transactions in March of 2009, the two floating
rates substantially diverged from one another and caused the transaction to
be an ineffective hedge for MH.178 MH was forced to pay a high variable
interest rate for its original loan while not receiving an equally high variable
interest rate as a result of the interest rate swap.179
In its claim for frustration of purpose, MH stated that both parties

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 453
were aware that an interest rate hedge was the purpose of the agreement.180
However, MH also alleged that neither party was aware that the tracking
rates would substantially diverge.181 In an argument to have the frustration
of purpose claim dismissed, BoA argued that the theory did not apply
because the frustrating event was foreseeable.182 In the eyes of BoA, the
parties had both contemplated loss as a risk of the agreement due to the
difference between MH’s fixed rate payments to BoA and BoA’s floating
rate payments to MH.183 As an additional argument, BoA claimed that since
the agreement was based on something that was inherently risky, volatile,
and contingent on many factors, the frustration of purpose doctrine should
not unwind the agreement.184
After determining that § 265 of the Restatement (Second) of
Contracts would provide the elements185 of the theory for frustration of
purpose, the court determined that the central issue of contention was the
foreseeability of the divergence.186 As the court was simply making a
determination on a motion to dismiss the claim, it did not need to make an
official determination as to the foreseeability; rather, it held “[w]hile [MH]
could certainly foresee losses from engaging transactions within the swap
agreement, it is entirely plausible that neither party reasonably foresaw the
divergence between the interest rate indices.”187 In its explanation, the court
emphasized the difference between the interest rate swap—which was
inherently risky—and the overall strategy to hedge the floating interest
rate—which was not purported to be inherently risky.188 As an illustrative
point of this distinction between foreseeability and non-foreseeability, the
court brought up the case of Strauss v. Long Island Sports, Inc., a case
based on legendary NBA basketball player Julius “Dr. J” Erving and a trade
sending him to another team.189 As the court in Strauss explained, a season
ticket holder bringing a frustration of purpose claim must fail because the
possibility of a player trade is foreseeable.190 In its conclusion that it would
deny BoA’s motion to dismiss the frustration of purpose claim, the court
profoundly stated,
It is plausible that nearly identical movements of the two
floating rates was not an uncertain or contingent event; in
fact, it would make sense that the rates would track each
other given that the tracking of the two floating rates would
be necessary to effectively hedge . . . .
191
Unfortunately for those seeking some form of a definitive answer as
to whether this common law theory can invalidate highly structured and
complex financial instruments, Murphy-Hoffman Co. did not substantively
proceed past BoA’s motion for dismissal.192 Instead, the two parties reached
a settlement, and the case was dismissed with prejudice by a stipulation
from MH.193 With an undisclosed settlement agreement, it is unclear what
the motivation was for BoA in failing to fight a lawsuit over interest rate
swaps when all relevant case law was on its side. It raises a question as to
whether BoA was more concerned specifically with the frustration of
purpose claim; after all, the other claims brought by MH were not anything
with much likelihood of success given legal precedents. It could be that
BoA simply provided MH a small offer, and MH accepted it to recover
something from its losses. However, if the terms of the settlement were
substantial, BoA could have been guarding against legal precedent
accepting frustration of purpose as a legitimate claim for recovery and
opening the floodgates for litigation and payouts for all toxic interest rate
swaps.
Even without a definitive answer from the US District Court for the
Western District of Missouri as to whether MH’s interest rate swaps were
rescinded due to commercial frustration of purpose, one might have still
expected the litigation floodgates to open after the claim passed muster for a
motion to dismiss. However, the decision in Murphy-Hoffman Co. allowing
the frustration of purpose claim was handed down in August of 2009.194
Since then, there has not been another decision in any American jurisdiction
taking the claim further. This begs the question of why a newly successful
claim in a realm of unsuccessful attempts at recovery has not become a
mainstream method for unwinding interest rate swaps affected by the global
financial crisis. A simple search in an electronic legal database such as
Westlaw demonstrates that there is no negative legal treatment of the
decision to allow the frustration of purpose claim in Murphy-Hoffman
Co.
2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 455
dangers of fighting and losing a frustration of purpose battle.
There is some support for the theory that banks are eager to settle in
order to avoid case law allowing frustration of purpose. The Superior Court
of North Carolina in Mecklenburg County allowed a frustration of purpose
claim to survive a motion to dismiss in Press Communications, LLC v.
Wachovia Bank, N.A.196 In an attempt to recover from toxic swaps, Press
Communications filed a brief in response to the defendant’s motion to
dismiss the complaint, citing Murphy-Hoffman Co.197 The case settled after
the motion to dismiss was denied.198 Additionally, a claim of frustration of
purpose in an interest rate swap transaction was transferred to the US
District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina.199 Once again, the
party seeking to avoid the swaps cited the decision in Murphy-Hoffman
Co.200 Unsurprisingly, the case was settled outside of court early on in the
process and Overlook Properties, L.P. stipulated to a dismissal.201
E. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. V. CTD Moorefield Retail, LLC and the
Potential for a Definitive Answer
Although to this point there has not been a definitive resolution to the
question of whether a frustration of purpose claim will routinely succeed in
unwinding an interest rate swap, there is a chance that an answer is on the
way. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. CTD Moorefield Retail, LLC is currently
pending in the US District Court for the Northern District of Texas.202
However, the case started in the US District Court for the Southern District
of New York.203 While in the Southern District of New York, a motion to
dismiss the frustration of purpose claim alleged by CTD Moorefield Retail,
LLC was denied.204 The question becomes whether this case goes as the
others of this ilk and ends in settlement in order to prevent the Northern
District of Texas from making a decision under New York law, or whether

V. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
The global financial crisis fundamentally changed the LIBOR rate
and the range in which it generally cycles.205 Years later, it has come to
light that the international banking community may have colluded to
artificially depress this rate.206 At the same time, many businesses found
ever rising Corporate Bond Rates. Ultimately, the businesses were paying
twice on their loans: once for the differences between LIBOR and the fixed
rate in their interest rate swaps to the banks and once for the differences
between LIBOR and the Corporate Bond Rate to the loaning parties on their
bond transactions.207 The Corporate Bond Rate was so much higher than
LIBOR that at a point, the consideration for the interest rate swaps
initially—the hedging—was no longer functioning.208
It is yet to be determined whether the courts will generally recognize
the validity of the commercial frustration of purpose defense to interest rate
swaps. To this point, the cases have settled or been withdrawn before a
verdict has been handed down. This, however, may not change anytime
soon. If banks determine that they do not want to risk the chance that this
defense becomes precedential, then they may settle when parties bring this
cause of action. A separate dimension to this claim is the statute of
limitations. Since commercial frustration of purpose is a common law
contract defense, its statute of limitations might follow the same track,
which could be six years, for example. The issue to be settled would be
whether the frustration occurs at one point in time or whether it is a
continuous frustration; that finding would be crucial to determine when the
statute of limitations begins tolling. With a six-year statute of limitations, it
is possible that time is running short for many parties looking to make a
recovery from a deal in place during 2007 and 2008. At the same time, it is
possible that with the now-recognizable risk that the floating interest rate
indexes might diverge, a party could succeed by arguing that there is a
continuous frustration of purpose for the transaction; the transaction had
lost its hedging capability at any moment within a certain time frame.
In addition to the concerns surrounding the statute of limitations
running out on transactions in place during the global financial crisis, there

2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 457
are also questions about damage calculations if the claims succeed. One
possibility is that courts would place parties in the positions they were in
previous to entering into the agreement. Another possibility is that the
termination fee would be the only portion included in recovery. It is
unlikely that a court would award consequential damages due to the general
reluctance to award these in most circumstances; however, the
consequential damages have been extensive in some instances. For
example, if a company became financially strapped, it might have taken out
an additional loan to cover the interest rate payments. There is an endless
list of damages one can think of being caused by a massive and unexpected
cost of doing business. As with statute of limitation issues, the damage
calculation might turn on the exact moment the swap’s purpose was
frustrated. Overall though, one would think that many of the businesses
affected by the toxic interest rate swaps will likely accept any relief they
can recover within reason at this point.
Factoring in the unresolved issues of statutes of limitations, damage
calculations, and the other complexities of unraveling a detailed financial
derivative, this Note contends that from a purely legal perspective, interest
rate swaps operating during the global financial crisis and tied to floating
rates that diverged like LIBOR and the Federal Funds Rate should be held
unenforceable under the frustration of purpose doctrine. It should be noted
that this argument is more relevant currently for the American legal system.
In the United Kingdom, many of the losers from interest rate swaps have
been afforded restitution either through the FSA agreement with the banks,
or through the still-pending decisions on whether LIBOR-rigging banks will
be punished for selling interest rate swaps at the same time. In America,
however, the companies and local governments who have lost in their
interest rate swap transaction can really only hold out hope for success
through the frustration of purpose doctrine.
Given the background information regarding the legal theory of
frustration of purpose provided earlier in this Note, there are three chief
reasons why the doctrine should successfully be applied to interest rate
swaps during the global financial crisis. As an aside, one can assume with
rather inarguable certainty that the only contested element of the frustration
of purpose argument in this context is that of reasonable foreseeability. The
principal purpose, or the hedging function, was substantially frustrated
without any doubt. The individual institution entering into the interest rate
swap did not have any way of being at fault for the loss of the hedging. The
remaining question is whether the loss of a hedging function was an event
the non-occurrence of which the parties had assumed at the time of the
transaction. It is this question that can be answered with three contentions.
The first is that the non-occurrence of the loss of hedging was unforeseen
due to the unprecedented magnitude of the global financial crisis. The
second is that it was unforeseen that many of the largest lenders in the
world would artificially manipulate the LIBOR rate. Third, it was not
458 IND. INT’L & COMP. L. REV. [Vol. 24:2
foreseeable that the American federal government would move the Federal
Funds Rate to an astonishingly low rate and choose to bail out the financial
institutions and banks with drastic consequences for small businesses and
local or small government institutions.
The global financial crisis was both unexpected and unexpected in
extent. It was not foreseeable that the global economy would crash, nor that
rates that had historically tracked very closely would suddenly diverge
exponentially. Typically, the indexes would vary by between zero and
.25%, with rare occurrences of divergences of more than that. However,
during the Financial Crisis, the divergence reached new heights. It is safe to
say that an unprecedented event, rivaling only the Great Depression, would
not have been planned for in the interest rate swap contracts. Neither party
to the transaction would have reasonably believed it necessary to include
language for the occurrence of such a crisis. The clearest way to prove the
assertion that the contracts for interest rate swaps were founded on the basis
that the hedging function would not fail due to a divergence in the floating
rates stems from the fact that the transactions were entered into to begin
with; why would a company or local government enter into a hedging
transaction geared toward avoiding risk with knowledge that it was
potentially increasing its interest rate exposure with a rate divergence?
Although artificial depression of the LIBOR rates would not have
increased the divergence between the floating rates once the Federal
Reserve began lowering the Federal Funds rate, the manipulation of one of
the floating rates exposed the hedge to a new risk. The hedging of interest
rate exposure was substantially frustrated—there was a great unforeseen
risk once the banks began illegally controlling the rate—and the hedging
function was no longer a reasonably secure hedge. The “LIBOR Market”
was not a true reflection of the rate at which the banks were able to borrow.
What made the LIBOR manipulation egregious was that many of the same
banks illegally deflating the LIBOR rate were also selling and marketing
interest rate swaps as properly functioning hedging mechanisms. If they
sold the swaps while LIBOR was deflated artificially, they knew or should
have known that there was a chance the rate would return to an accurate rate
and then the divergence in floating rates would increase; this would, of
course, destroy the hedging function of the interest rate swaps they had sold
while the rate was depressed. The LIBOR manipulators were an
unbargained-for variable in the interest rate swap transactions; it was not
foreseeable that banks would illegally cause the hedging functions of these
contracts to fail.
Finally, it was not foreseeable that the Federal Reserve would
historically and precipitously reduce the Federal Funds Rate in an attempt
to stave off the economic downturn. In response to the global financial
crisis, the Federal Reserve precipitously lowered the Federal Funds Rate to
zero percent, where it has remained since. The issue with that is the rate had
been around four percent before the crisis hit. As the Federal Funds Rate
2014] THE RECENT FINANCIAL CRISIS 459
plummeted, there was not a chance that LIBOR would be able to keep up in
its fall for swaps tied between these two rates; the result was a large
divergence and a frustration of the hedging purpose in many interest rate
swaps. Even if one were to argue that a global financial crisis was a
foreseeable event at the time of entering the swaps, it would be difficult to
say that in the event of such a crisis, the Federal Reserve would allow the
Federal Funds Rate to drop so low and at such a quick pace.
Although the arguments against frustration of purpose as applied to
interest rate swaps during the global financial crisis should not succeed, it is
interesting to analyze the failures of the swaps. The main contention is that
the presumed knowledge and expertise of the entities agreeing to the swaps
with the banks demonstrates foreseeability. In other words, the complexity
of the organizations entering into the swaps indicated that they knew or
should have known that the interest rates might not track. However, this
presumes too much. Just because a business or its decision makers might
have complex and advanced knowledge of banking or business, that does
not mean that they would know about the inner-workings of interest rate
swaps. Even if they did know how the swaps worked, historic numbers
demonstrated that the tracking would not fail.
VI. CONCLUSION
Overall, it may be that many types of interest rate swaps will become
a derivative dinosaur and claims for recovery will be irrelevant. However,
the entities still suffering from the effects of the swaps during the global
financial crisis are searching for recovery and restitution now. As a legal
theory for unwinding interest rate swaps, the frustration of purpose doctrine
only suffers from its unusual position in the realm of a complex global
financial market, a stigma that may give pause to courts that have
consistently held for the large financial institutions and the formal ISDA
contracts. For the time being, whether in the United Kingdom or the United
States, there are questions unanswered as to whether there is a road to
recovery from the grand losers of the global financial crisis.

 

 

  • 1988 IamtheWithness9/11 Olmert, who has long been tarnished by allegations of financial crimes, was implicated in a financial scandal involving forged receipts for donations to the 1988 Likud campaign, of which he was co-treasurer. This affair culminated in the March 1996 conviction of three other Likudniks, including Menahem Atzmon, Wikipedia ICTS the Likud treasurer. Olmert was also later indicted in the Likud affair, but was acquitted.  Wikipedia ICTS Executive Officers of ICTS International include Menachem J. Atzmon (CSU since 2004), Alon Raich (CFO since 2008), and Managing Directors Avraham Dan(since 2008), Ran Langer (since 2004), and Ranaan Nir (since 2002). 7] Atzmon, the Chairman of the Board of Directors since 2004, holds controlling shares, owning more than 55% of ICTS International through a family trust  Menachem Atzmon, convicted in Israel in 1996 for campaign finance fraud, and his business partner Ezra Harel, took over management of security at the Boston and Newark airports when their company ICTS bought Huntleigh USA in 1999. UAL Flight 175 and AA 11, which allegedly struck the twin towers, both originated in Boston, while UAL 93, which purportedly crashed in Pennsylvania, departed from the Newark airport.
  • 1988 Wikipedia The State of Palestine was proclaimed on 15 November 1988 in Algiers at an extraordinary session in exile of the Palestine National Council. Legal justification for this act was based on United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947, which provided for the termination and partition of the British Mandate into two states.

Timeline          Timeline Summary     Alphabetic index     Top

Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
  • Marcus Agius is an in-law of the Rothschild family
  • Marcus Agius was the chairman of the British Bankers Association that sets the LIBOR along with Thomson Reuters
  • Fractional Reserve Banking (by Rothschild Zionist Central Banksters) is a predatory income distribution scheme to enhance the wealth of the 1%.  Fair alternatives exist.
  • 9/11 was a Bush / Cheney, Rothschild Zionist inside job
  • The same group of scum Zionists that amassed great fortunes from exploiting WW1, WWII and all other other wars since are still basically in power and are behind the creation of 'Barack Obama'.
  • Connect the dots: Looted WWII Japanese treasure, Breakup of the Soviet Union / illegal bond scheme and the 9/11 WTC gold and securities heist, & the Rothschilds
  • Economic booms and busts artificially created by Rothschild Zionist Central Banksters.  World Wide Housing Crisis
  • The Rothschilds and the Vatican Bank (Institute for Religious Works)
  • Empire of the City  Vatican, City of London, Washington DC
  • Rothschilds fund Islamaphobia as part of master plan after breakup of Soviet Union Cold War was ended.
  • Original Rothschild wealth originated in financing mercenaries of the German / British aristocracy to fight against American revolutionaries.

  • The Mormon Church, Romney, Rothschilds and Bain Capital. Mormons were originally part of Freemasons.

  • Rothschilds foment and continue to finance both sides of wars for the last 250 years.  see Erlanger,Belmont, Civil War  and China 2012

  • z

  • $Trillions in Dead Sea minerals stolen from Palestinians by Rothschild companies

  • First Jewish settlements in Palestine financed by Rothchilds, 1855

  • Blackstone Group (Rothschild company), parent corporation of one of three lease-holders for WTC 7

  • Cold War with USSR was a highly profitable, Rothschild-bankster hoax   and the "The Red Symphony"

  • WTC steel went to Rothschild Zionist connected scrap yards. (evidence removal)

  • 9-11 Judge Hellerstein is Connected to Rothschild-Funded Mossad  security firm ICTS .. 

  • Rothschild Zionist Crown family of Chicago switched support from Obama to Romney.

  • Iran attack is about its Central Bank and Rothschild monopoly of nuclear fuel.

  • AMEC, a Rothschild connected company did WTC / Pentagon rubble cleanup (evidence removal)

  • Obama is a Rothschild Zionist controlled President, and see Khodorkovsky

  • Systems Planning Corp, Dov Zakheim, WTC 9/11 remote controlled aircraft, Rothschild connection

  • 2012 election voting machines  Rothschild connections.

  • Enron scandal and NM Rothschild employee Lord Please be directed to NewsFollow on Enron board. ... Qatar, Turkmenistan, natural gas, corruption.

  • COREXIT is a product of Nalco Holding Company which is owned by The Blackstone Group, Jacob Rothschild is on International Advisory Board

  • Victor Rothschild and J. Robert Oppenheimer ring leaders in Britain's biggest communist spy scandal. Nukes

  • Use Global Warming as means to further NWO agenda

  • NATO, Rothschild's Army

  • z chart

  • Trillions in offshore accounts.

  • al Qaeda created  by Israel / Mossad / Neocons.

  • Link Rothschild to Auchi to Khashoggi to Obama  to BCCI.

  • Global Technology Partners, LLC is "an exclusive affiliate of Rothschild North America

  • Japanese WWII looted treasure, Breakup of Soviet Union, Barrick Gold and 9/11 links   (Project Hammer)

  • Soros / Rothschild connections
  • Rothschilds / Warburgs / IG Farben created Hitler, Banksters created Israel at the expense of the Palestinians.
  • CO2 Cap & Trade schemes, Al Gore, Maurice Strong, Obama.

  • Bolshevik Revolution financed by Zionists. Marx, Trotsky and Lenin all changed their Jewish names.  see Victor Rothschild

  • Rothschild Zionists had complete control over the security and access to the WTC prior to 9/11.

  • Connect the dots: Apollo Management, Huntsman (Romney), Hexion, Obama, China stealth technology

  • Rothschild Front Organizations  and the Empire of the City

  • Zionists in Obama administration and Romney Zionist advisors
  • Rothschilds and 'WWIII' China/Russia  and Bo Xilai 'color revolution.
  • Capcom, involvement in BCCI, Rothschild at the core of BCCI
  • P2
  • Tony Blair controlled by Zionists to invade Iraq.
  • Link Rothchild to Madoff scandal through Jacob Ezra Merkin's father.  Link GM bailout to Jacob Ezra Merkin.  and also to 9/11 Judge Hellerstein
  • Zionists created Soviet concentration camps
  • Rio Tinto, Hutchison Whampoa.
  • Bible revisions financed by Rothschilds
  • Rothschilds funded Mao Tse Tung
  • London School of Jewish Studies (LSJS) and London School of Economics are links to Rothschild / Dov Zakheim (9/11 mastermind) relationship.
  • Martin Frost The 'Rothschild Connection': in the invasion of Iraq

  • Illuminati=CFR, Bilderberg, Committee of 300 etc.

  • How Goldman Sachs Took Over the World

  • Secrets of the Federal Reserve by Eustace Mullins

  • Eric Cantor, Rothschild controlled Republican leader of the House of Representatives.
  • 1970 Middle East Oil Crisis & the Rothschilds
  • Lazard and the auto industry
  • 9/11 Judge Hellerstein is an orthodox Jew, a clear conflict of interest given Israel evidence ties to 9/11.
  • Canada, Bronfman, Desmarais, Barrick Gold, links to Rothschild

  • Nixon hated Zionists and so they removed him from office.
  • Vatican Banking Scandal Institute for Religious Works
  • Saud, House of Saud (Wahhabi) is Jewish, Rothschild agents
  • IMF Planned riots
  • BlackRock
  • Link Barrick Gold / Enron / Rothschild
  • BCCI scandal and the Rothschilds, Dr. Alfred Hartman
  • Rothschild and 'The Weather Channel'.

  • Jewish Billionaires

  • A path from Obama to Rothschild includes Valerie Jarrett, Chicago Tribune, Hollinger International, Telegraph.UK

The ultimate victory for the Rothschilds would be a war between China/Russia  vs. The US where Rothchild companies supply both sides with weapons and materials, then declaring a 'new world order' as a solution to the mess they created through debt abuse; all consistent with the history of the last 250 years.  Very sad; they are very sick people.

Rothschild setbacks

  • Sarkozy defeat, Merkel in trouble, Argentina Central Bank partially nationalized, Netanyahu election problems, SCO, ALBA, Iraq kicked out US, Afghanistan war winding down, US out of Afghanistan 2014, Chavez still in power, OWS, no attack on Iran yet, Pakistan closer to China, Iceland convicts banksters, EU anti-austerity movements gaining ground, Ron Paul surging in US (End the Fed), internet awakening to Rothschild banksters, Richard Lugar defeated, BRICs is growing in strength, Iran is trading gold for oil to circumvent SWIFT cutoff.

  • Eclinik Rothschild demise

 

  • 1988  LA Times: AfroCubaWeb "In February 1988, Orlando Bosch was arrested in Miami and implicated in the 1976 plot to blow up Cubana Flight 455, a terrorist act that killed 73 passengers. Joe D. Whitley, the associate U.S. attorney general at the time, called Bosch "a terrorist, unfettered by laws or human decency, threatening and inflicting violence without regard to the identity of his victims." Bosch, however, had the distinct advantage of having Ros-Lehtinen make advocating for his release one of the cornerstones of her 1989 congressional campaign. Bosch had another advantage: Ros-Lehtinen's campaign manager was Jeb Bush, President George H.W. Bush's son. In 1990, after lobbying by Jeb Bush and Ros-Lehtinen, the Bush administration went against the Justice Department's recommendation to deport Bosch and authorized his release. Since then, Bosch has become a permanent resident of the United States." and Wikipedia  Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (also known as Ileana Ros; born Ileana Ros y Adato; July 15, 1952) is the U.S. Representative for Florida's 18th congressional district, serving since 1989. She is a member of the Republican Party.  She is chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, effective 2011.  Ros-Lehtinen is a supporter of President George W. Bush's surge policy in Iraq, a supporter of Israel and supports continued sanctions against Cuba. She also supported the de facto government in Honduras, headed by Roberto Micheletti, that emerged after the military coup against President Manuel Zelaya.   Her maternal grandparents were Sephardic Jews from Turkey who became active in Cuba’s Jewish community.
  • 1988   TakeOurWorldBack Pan Am 103 explodes over Lockerbie, killing 270 people including 11 on the ground in Britain's worst terrorist atrocity. The act is blamed on Libya, but in 2003 a retired CIA officer admits that evidence was planted in a statement that is subsequently corroborated by a high-ranking Scottish police chief. One theory is that the Mossad were running drugs, and the motive was to eliminate CIA agents who knew too much.
  • 1988 PoliticalFail With the fall of the Berlin Wall, Eastern Europe, Russia, the Balkans and Central Asia were opened to Big Oil. According to Kurt Wulff of oil investment firm McDep Associates, the Four Horsemen, romping in their new Far East pastures, saw asset increases from 1988-94 as follows: Exxon Mobil-54%, Chevron Texaco-74%, Royal Dutch/Shell-52% and BP Amoco-54%. The Rockefeller/Rothschild Oil Cartel had more than doubled its collective assets in six short years.    ...   Shell also enjoys cozy relations with the world’s 2nd largest mining firm – Rio Tinto – through historically interlocked directorates. Holland’s Queen Juliana and Lord Victor Rothschild are the two largest shareholders of Royal Dutch/Shell.  In 2010 ...Seeker401, combination of BHP and Billiton in 2001 that triggered a decade of consolidation in the industry. The combined company would rank as the world’s fourth largest mining group by market capitalization, behind BHP Billiton, Vale of Brazil and Rio Tinto (Rothschild)
  • 1989: IAmTheWitness Many of the satellite states in Eastern Europe, through the influence of Glasnost, become more open in their demands of freedom from Communist governance in their Republics.  Many revolutions happen in 1989, most of them involving the overthrow of their respective Communist governments and the replacement of them with Republics.    ...  Thus, the hold the Communists had over Eastern Europe (the Iron Curtain) becomes very weak. Eventually, as a result of Perestroika and Glasnost, Communism collapses, not only in the Soviet Union but also in Eastern Europe.    In Russia, Boris Yeltsin (whose wife is the daughter of Joseph Stalin’s marriage to Rosa Kaganovich) and the Republican government takes steps to end the power of the Communist party by suspending and banning the party and seizing all their property.    ...  This symbolised the fall of Communism in Russia, and resulted in the start of a mass exodus of 700,000 Jews from the former Soviet Union to Israel.   ...   In the Israeli Journal, Hotam (24 November 1989), there is a report of a speech that then Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, Ashkenazi Jew, Binyamin Netanyahu, gave to students at Bar Ilan University in which he states,   "Israel should have exploited the repression of the demonstrations in China, when world attention focused on that country, to carry out mass expulsions among the Arabs of the territories." The London and Paris Rothschilds announce the launch of a new subsidiary, Rothschild GmbH, in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index    TOP   NFU
  • 1989 Dejan Lucic Independent Kosovo is also in the interest of the Rothshilds, because it is the “Serbian Kuwait” with enormous reserves of lead, zinc, gold, coal...Since the occupation of Kosovo and Metohija (Kosmet) Soros has invested a lot of money and effort in getting hold of Trepca for the Rothshilds. An important link in the chain is Agron Dida, deputy minister of energy and mining in Kosovo government, who was elected to this office after being a member of KFOS (one of Soros’s organizations). Independence is crucial to the interests of Rothshilds’ mining and metallurgical companies, since it would provide them with a clear passage for snatching mineral wealth and energy resources which are in low supply in the world. In the meantime the Alferon company has bought over the metallurgical plant Feronikl, which owns several open-pit mines. Alferon is owned by three businessmen from Kazakhstan (i.e. Rothshilds’ tycoons, one of them being Alexander Mashkevic, also a Khazar) and is part of the ENRC (Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation) .
  • 1990
  • 1990's Exile.ru Of the seven oligarchs who controlled more than 50% of Russia's economy during the 1990s, six were Jews: Boris Berezovsky, Vladimir Gusin-sky, Alexander Smolensky, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Mi-khail Friedman, and Vitaly Malkin. Berezovsky also controlled the state television station and several newspapers, while Gusinsky's media empire controlled NTV, Russia's only national independent TV station, as well as major radio and print outlets.   ...Putin is an old KGB hand, and the KGB is notorious as a pale, Slavs-only club. Since he rose to power, most of the OJs (Original Jewigarchs) have been forced into exile or jailed, replaced by goyim with old ties to Putin.
  • Rothschild Octopus 5  Hartmann / Rappaport 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 1 Looting of Russia, 1990's to fund 9/11 Rothschild Banks McCain / Keating Five Hartmann / Rappaport background Iran Contra / Rappaport Funding the Afghan Mujahideen BCCI 1
  • 1990 SomeUnknownHistory Hartmann was also chairman of the Swiss affiliate of the Italian BNL bank, which was implicated in the Bush sr. administration illegal transfers to Iraq prior to the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. The Atlanta branch of Italian BNL, with the knowledge of George Bush sr. when he was vice president, conduited funds to Helmut Raiser's Zug, Switzerland company, Consen, for development of the Condor II missile program by Iraq, Egypt, and Argentina, during the Iran-Iraq War. Hartmann was vice-chairman of another secretive private Geneva bank, the Bank of New York-Inter-Maritime Bank, a bank whose chairman, Bruce Rappaport, was one of the illegal financial conduits for Col. Oliver North's Contra drugs-for-weapons network during the late 1980 and he used BCCI as one of his preferred banks to hide his illegal funds.  Kycbs McCain / Keating   Criminal State McCain / Keating  
  • 1990 PPPHS Bruce Rappaport  Baruch (Bruce) Rappaport was born in Haifa where he met his wife and life partner, Ruth. He served in the British Army and was among the founders of the Military Police, graduated from Law school and served in the Military High Court of Appeal. In his search for "his way" in the world, Bruce arrived in Geneva in the late 1950’s, and began his successful business career by providing support services to shipping companies.  ...  Bruce Rappaport became the largest private investor in the Bank of New York (established in 1784, considered among the most important banks in the world). Several years later, the Bank of New York became a partner in the bank founded by Bruce in Geneva – Bank of NY – Inter Maritime Bank.
  • 1990  LondonSpeakerBureau David de Rothschild  National Geographic Emerging Explorer, Clean up the World Ambassador and UNEP Climate Hero Print this profile Send to a friend David de Rothschild is an adventurer, environmentalist and the founder of MYOO, a meaningful marketing agency, online zine and adventure group, specializing in sustainability consultancy, material science and product design. It is MYOO's goal to inspire dreams, fuel conversation, share innovations and activate change in order to give nature a voice. David's passion and commitment to action has seen him ski, dogsled and kite to both the North and South poles as well as visiting some of the world's most…   (left gatekeeper)
  • 1990's  The Libertarian Theocrats When American society collapses under the combined weight of massive foreign debt, military overstretch, and internal decadence, Gary North hopes to have a network of churches ready to step into the breech. In preparation, he has written book after book aimed at educating Christians on how to live debt free, avoid electronic surveillance, and develop the skills necessary for surviving economic collapse. “In short, North’s version of Reconstructionism blazed a path for the militia and Christian survivalist groups of the 1990s to follow.” (“”)
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP  NFU
  • 1990-91 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline US war on Iraq The US used false testimony. Posing as Nayirah, a little girl gave heart-wrenching story of the Iraqis ripping babies out of incubators, a story that was repeated from three months by the US media. "Nayirah" was Kuwait royalty. She was the daughter of Saud Nasir al-Sabah, Kuwait's Ambassador to the US and she fabricated the entire thing. The US also used false reports of a build up of troops on the Saudi Arabian border. But Russian satellite photos of the area, on the same day Bush Sr. was making his claims, as reported in the St. Petersburg Times showed no build up.
  • 1990 - GripesOnline In his book “The Keys of This Blood,” Catholic priest Malachi Martin quotes Pope John Paul II as saying: “By the end of this decade we will live under the first One World Government that has ever existed in the society of nations...a government with absolute authority to decide the basic issues of survival. One world government is inevitable.”
  • 1990 Richard Parsons 1  Legal Schnauzer  Parsons Richard Hohlt was recently hired by Citi chairman Richard Parsons as a ”consultant”. Hohlt is a former aide to Richard Lugar. His roster of clients has included, among others, JPMorgan, Washington Mutual, TimeWarner, Philip Morris, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Chevron, and the Nuclear Energy Institute. He’s a close associate of Karl Rove and collaborated with Robert Novak in outing Valerie Plame. He was a George Bush “Super Ranger” bagman.  see RawStory on Hohlt   Among these 83 lobbyists are McCain's chief political adviser, Charlie Black (JP Morgan, Washington Mutual Bank, Freddie Mac, Mortgage Bankers Association of America); McCain's national finance co-chairman, Wayne Berman (AIG, Blackstone, Credit Suisse, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac); the campaign's congressional liaison, John Green (Carlyle Group, Citigroup, Icahn Associates, Fannie Mae); McCain's veep vetter, Arthur Culvahouse (Fannie Mae); and McCain's transition planning chief, William Timmons Sr. (Citigroup, Freddie Mac, Vanguard Group)."  and SmugMug Vernon Jordan and Richard Parsons pic  kai milla, vernon jordan, valerie jarrett, ann parsons, richard parsons   and BeauProductions  Dime Savings & Loan.
  • Kissinger  --  Obama Zionist Advisors, 9/11 and Rothschild Connections   Top

     Hollinger Khodorkovsky Defense Policy Board Pilgrim Society Bronfman Trilateral JP Morgan BCCI Lord Carrington Atlantic Council KGB
    Henry Kissinger is involved in all of the above organizations that have close ties to Obama and the Rothschilds
    Bankster Think Tank Members, Companies, Organizations

    Links to Obama and Rothschild

    IISS NM Rothschild Aspen Pilgrim Society Tony Blair's ministry
    • Fleur de Villiers
    • Bill Emmott
    • Peter Forstmoser
    • Field Marshal The Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank
    • Professor François Professor
    • Dr Kurt Lauk
    • Nigel Newton Dr Risto Penttillä
    • Lord Powell of Bayswater
    • Thomas Seaman
    • Jens Tholstrup
    • NATO / Senator site
    • Bayh, Evan
    • Boren, David L.
    • Bradley, Bill
    • D' Amato, Alfonse M.
    • Dodd, Christopher
    • Feinstein, Dianne
    • Graham, Bob
    • Kerrey, Bob
    • Kerry, John F.
    • Rene Pierre Azria - Blackstone
    • Michel de Carvalho Citigroup
    • Sir John Collins  - Shell UK
    • Douglas Daft -Coca Cola
    • Dudley Eustace - Nielsen
    • Pehr Gyllenhammar
    • James Lawrence - Unilever
    • Lord Leach of Fairford, - Open Europe
    • Baron Moser
    • Paul Myners - Guardian
    • Robert S. Pirie - Bear Stearns
    • Gerald Rosenfeld - Lazard,
    • Wilbur Ross
    • Baron Vallance  RBS
    • Baron Wakeham
    • Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank
    • Istel, Yves-Andre
    • de Rothschild, Lynn Forester
    • Yochelson, John N.
    • Madeleine Albright
    • Graham Allison
    • Samuel Berger
    • Stephen Biegun
    • James Cartwright
    • Eliot Cohen
    • Philip Zilikow
    • Robert Zoelick
    • Jessica Mathews
    • Condoleeza Rice
    • Thomas Pritzker
    • John Podesta
    • Sam Nunn
    • Nicholas Kristoff
    • Richard Haass
    • Diane Feinstein
    •  
    • Skadden / CFR
    • Lieberman, Nancy A  (Joe)
    • Freyer, Dana H
    • Flom, Joseph H
    • Bialkin, Kenneth J
    • James Baker
    • Richard A. Boucher
    • Peter Carrington
    • Henry Catto
    • Prince Charles
    • William J. Crowe, Jr. 2007
    • Steve Forbes
    • Henry Kissinger
    • Philip Lader
    • Sandra Day O'Connor
    • Peter G. Peterson
    • Prince Philip
    • Lord Robertson
    • David Rockefeller
    • Edmond de Rothschild 2009
    • Raymond Seitz
    • George Shultz
    • Cyrus Vance 2002
    • Peter Sutherland
    • Richard Holbrooke 2010
    • Warren Christopher 2011
    European Round Table CFR / Aspen  site Carlyle Group Goldman Sachs Atlantic Council
    • Monday Club
    • Geoffrey Howe,
    • Sir Stephen Egerton,
    • David Gore-Booth
    • The Other Club,
    • Cecil family
    • Gordon Brown
    • .
    • Jonathan Aitken le Cercle
    • John N. Yochelson
    • Nancy Bearg-Dyke
    • Campbell, Kurt M
    • Firestone, Charles M
    • Isaacson, Walter S.
    • Nagorski, Zygmunt
    • Reiling, Peter A
    • CFR / Ford Foundation
    • Berresford, Susan Vail
    • Geithner, Peter F
    • Offenheiser, Raymond C.
    • Solnick, Steven L
    • Thomas, Franklin A
    • Ford Foundation 2000
    • Henry B. Schacht
    • Paul A. Allaire
    • Alain J.P. Belda
    • Susan Berresford 2012 more
    • Lloyd C. Blankfein
    • Michele Burns,
    • Gary D. Cohn
    • Claes Dahlback
    • Stephen Friedman
    • William W. George
    • James A. Johnson
    • Lakshmi N. Mittal
    • James J. Schiro
    • Debora L. Spar
    • Goldman Sachs / CFR
    • Hormats, Robert D.
    • Hurst, Robert J.
    • Loy, Frank E.
    • Paulson, Henry M. Jr.
    • Thornton, John L.
    Obama advisors Bank of England Chatham House Bush Administration GTP & Kissinger Assc
    • David Axelrod
    • Larry Summers,
    • Ezekiel Emanuel
    • Thomas Frieden
    • Douglas Shulman
    • Richard Haass
    • Hillary Clinton
    • Lloyd Blankfein
    • Ken Feinberg
    • Cass Sunstein
    • Daniel Fried
    • Kathleen Sebelius
    • James Johnson
    • Bob Bauer
    • Jim Messina
    • Peter M. Rouse
    • Mona Sutphen  UBS
    • Fed Reserve New York 2000 bod  site
    • Sanford I. Weill
    • Jerry I. Speyer
    • Peter Peterson
    • Charles A. Heimbold, Jr.
    • 2011
    • Richard L. Carrion  Banco Popular de Puerto Rico
    • Jamie Dimon  JP Morgan
    • Paul Mello   Solvay Bank
    • Chatham House 2001
    • Lord Hurd of Westwell
    • Lord Robertson of Port Ellen,
    • Baroness Williams of Crosby,
    • Lord Marshall of Knightsbridge,
    • Peter Cooke,
    • Adrian Lamb,
    • Lavinia Allison,
    • Sir Leonard Appleyard,
    • Sir John Birch,
    • Tony Colman,
    • Humphry Crum Ewing,
    • Dr Anne Deighton,
    • Peter Erskine,
    • Jonathan M. Fry,
    • Lord Goodhart,
    • Nik Gowing

     

    • Global Technology Partners
    • William J. Perry,
    • Ashton B. Carter,
    • Robert J. Hermann,
    • Paul G. Kaminski,
    • John P. White,
    • Irving Yoskowitz,
    • William Perry
    • John Deutch
    • DLJ
    • Kissinger Associates
    • Pehr Gyllenhammar,
    • Lord Carrington,
    • Lord Roll,
    • Lawrence Eagleburger,
    • Brent Scowcroft,
    • Etienne Davignon

     

    Commercial Club of Chicago Commercial Club of Chicago Commercial Club of Chicago Commercial Club of Chicago Commercial Club of Chicago
    • Gary D. Ahlquist
    • Ellen S. Alberding
    • Grace Barry
    • James A. Bell
    • Marshall M. Bouton CGA
    • William J. Brodsky
    • Kathleen L. Brown
    • John H. Bryan  Sara Lee
    • Frank M. Clark  Com Ed
    • Thomas A. Cole  Sidley
    • Stanton R. Cook  Tribune
    • A. Steven Crown
    • James Crown
    • Lester Crown
    • Susan Crown
    • Stephen Cruise  UBS
    • Milton F. Darr, Jr. LaSalle
    • William J. Doyle  Israel Chem
    • Brian W. Duwe  Skadden
    • Rahm Emaneul
    • Charles L. Evans Fed
    • Wade Fetzer  Goldman
    • Michael T. Foley  Zurich
    • David W. Fox  JP Morgan
    • Matthew R. Gibson Goldman
    • Richard C. Godfrey  Ellis
    • Tony W. Hunter  Tribune
    • Verne Istock Bank One
    • Valerie B. Jarrett
    • Silas Keehn  Fed
    • Cary Kochman Citigroup
    • James H. Lowry Boston Con
    • John W. Madigan Tribune
    • Newton N. Minow Sidley
    • Michael H. Moskow  CGA
    • Robert S. Murley Suisse
    • Michael D. O'Halleran Aon
    • Robert S. Osborne Booz
    • Penny Pritzker
    • Sheli Rosenberg Skadden
    • Ronald S. Safer Schiff
    • Samuel Skinner Trauig
    • Donna F. Zarcone Economic Club of Chicago
    • Robert J. Zimmer  Uof  Chicago
    Stanley / Stonebridge rpt Stanley / Stonebridge rpt B'nai Brith Chicago Top Chicago Jews Fed Res Chicago
    • William J. Antholis
    • Coit D. Blacker
    • Ralph Cossa
    • Patrick Cronin IISS
    • Alexander Friedman Lazard
    • Mona Stutphen
    • Eric Heginbotham Rand
    • Katrin Heuel IISS.uk
    • Erik Jensen Asia Found
    • Adam Ward IISS USA
    • file
    • Alan J. Jacobs
    • Gary P. Saltzman
    • Ted Greenfield
    • Yves-Victor Kamami
    • Rosalind Klein
    • Roberto Null
    • Bruce Pascal
    • Bill Peirez
    • Philip Klutznick
    • Rabbi Solomon Goldman
    • Bernard Horwich
    • Sidney Yates  site
    • IPIC
    • Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
    • Khadem Abdulla Al Qubaisi
    • 1998
    • Lester McKeever  Washington Pittman
    • Arthur C. Martinez  Sears
    • Verne Istock  Bank One
    • Marriner Eccles 1935
    Chicago CFR / CCGA Chicago CFR / CCGA Chicago CFR / CCGA Chicago CFR / CCGA Royal Bank of Scotland
    • Michelle Obama
    • Alexander Friedman  Lazard
    • Gray, Hanna 
    • Lester Crown
    • Kenneth Dam
    • Martin, Lynn, Sec Labor
    • Madigan, John   Tribune
    • Manilow, Lewis NDI
    • Patrick Cronin IISS
    • Vitale, David
    • Edgar, Jim
    • Evans, Charles Fed Res
    • Heyman, Bruce Goldman
    • Kinscherff, Paul Boeing
    • Lieb, Peter    Aon
    • McNeill, Robert Atlantic Trust Private
    • Langlois, Robert
    • Longworth, Michael
    • Melamed, Leo   CME Group
    • William Osborn, Northern
    • Porter, Richard, Kirkland El
    • Qasim, Imad, Sidley Austin
    • Shapiro, Morton, Pres  NU
    • Sprayregen, James, Kirkland
    • Tilton, Glenn JP Morgan
    • Waddell, Fred, Northern Tr
    • Zimmer, Robert Trustee UC
    • Freidheim, Cyrus Sun Times
    • Reilly, John CFR CCGA
    • Thomas, Richard, First Chicago NBD
    • Sir Philip Hampton, chairman
    • Stephen Hester
    • Bruce van Saun
    • Sir Sandy Crombie
    • Alison Davis
    • Tony Di lorio
    • Penny Hughes
    • Joe MacHale
    • Brendan Nelson
    • Baroness Noakes
    • Arthur Ryan, Philip Scott
    CSIS CSIS CSIS CSIS JPMorgan Chase
    • Sam Nunn Cochairman
    • David M. Abshire
    • John J. Hamre CEO
    • George L. Argyros
    • James A. Bell  Boeing
    • Reginald K. Brack  Time
    • Harold Brown
    • Zbigniew Brzezinski

     

    • Sue M. Cobb  Partners
    • William S. Cohen  Group
    • Ralph A. Cossa    Pacific
    • Andreas Dracopoulos
    • Richard M. Fairbanks
    • Bill Frist
    • Maurice Greenberg   Starr
    • Linda W. Hart
    • Benjamin Wl Heineman *
    • John B. Hess
    • Ray L. Hunt
    • James L. Jones
    • Henry Kissinger
    • Donald Marron
    • Joseph S. Nye
    • Thomas Pritzker
    • Felix Rohatyn
    • Charles A. Sanders
    • James Schlesinger
    • Brent Skowcroft
    • Rex Tillerson
    • Romesh Wadhwani
    • Frederick Whittemore
    • James A. Bell   Boeing
    • Crandall C. Bowles  Springs Industries.
    • Stephen Burke  NBC
    • David M. Cote,  Honeywell
    • James S. Crown  Henry
    • James Dimon  CEO
    • Timothy Flynn KPMG
    • Lee Raymond Exxon
    HSBC Global Thomson Barclays Bank Blackrock Treasury Select Committee
    • Douglas J. Flint chairman
    • John D. Coombe
    • Stuart T. Culliver
    • MKT Cheung
    • J Faber
    • Rona Fairhead
    • Sandy Flockhart
    • James Hughes Hallett
    • David Thomson
    • W. Geoffrey Beattie
    • James C. Smith
    • Manvinder S. Banga
    • Mary Cirillo
    • Steven A. Denning
    • Lawton Fitt
    • Roger L. Martin Dean
    • Sir Deryck Maughan
    • Ken Olisa
    • Vance K. Opperman
    • John M. Thompson
    • Marcus Agius
    • Alison Carnwarth
    • Reuben Jeffery III
    • Dambia Moyo
    • Bob Diamond
    • Fulvio Conti
    • Sir Andrew Likierman
    • David Booth
    • Simon Frazer
    • Chris Lucas
    • Sir John Sunderland
    • site
    • Laurence D. Fink
    • Robert S. Kapito
    • Susan L. Wagner
    • Linda Gosden Robinson
    • Kendrick R. Wilson, III
    • Philipp Hildebrand
    • Blackstone
    • Andrew Tyrie
    • Michael Fallon
    • Mark Garnier
    • Stewart Hosie
    • Andrea Leadsom
    • Rt Hon Pat McFadden
    • Andy Love
    • John Mann
    • George Mudie
    • Jesse Norman
    • Teresa Pearce
    • David Ruffley
    • John Thurso
    Bank of England  1990's Bank of England      
    • Chancellor of the Exchequer
    • Sir John Major
    • Norman Lamont
    • Kenneth Clarke
    • Gordon Brown
    • Allistaire Downing
    • George Osborne
    • Mervyn King
    • Charles Bean
    • Paul Tucker
    • Sir Roger Carr
    • Michael Cohrs
    • Lady (Susan) Rice CBE
    • John Stuart
    • Bradley Fried
    • Tim Frost   site
         

     

  • 2008 Washington Post  Barack Obama's Team of National Security Heavyweights, By Henry A. Kissinger Friday, December 5, 2008 includes Henry Kissinger, General James Jones... go to Kissinger, Obama advisor 1  Obama Zionist Advisors list 2008 More Zionist Advisors: Rahm Emanuel1 , White House Chief of Staff; Timothy Geithner, Secretary of the Treasury; Ben Bernanke, Chairman Federal Reserve; Peter Orzag, Director of the Office of Budget Management; David Axelrod, Chief political advisor; Larry Summers, Chief Financial Advisor; Ezekiel Emanuel, White House Medical Czar; Thomas Frieden, Director, Centers for Disease Control; Douglas Shulman, IRS Commissioner; Richard Haass, President of CFR and Obama’s ambassador-at-large; Hillary Clinton, Secretary of State; Lloyd Blankfein, CEO, Goldman-Sachs; Ken Feinberg, Corp. Executive Compensation Czar; Cass Sunstein, Director, Office of Regulatory Affairs; Daniel Fried, Overseer of USA’s gulag camps; Steven Rattner, Director, Obama’s Task Force of Auto Industry; Alan Bersin, Special Representative for Border Affairs; Todd Stern, Climate Change Czar; Carol Browner, environmental advisor and Energy Coordinator; Gary Gensler, Chairman of Commodities Futures Trading Commission; Elena Kagan, U.S. Solicitor General; Ron Klain, Chief of Staff to Vice President Biden; Eric Lander, Chairman, Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Jacob Lew and James Steinberg, Deputy Secretaries of State; Ellen Moran, White House Director of Communications; Mary Schapiro, Chairperson, Securities and Exchange Commission; Sheila Bair, Chairperson, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC); Mona Sutphen, Deputy White House Chief of Staff; Donald Kohn, Vice Chairman, Federal Reserve Board; Richard Holbrooke Wikipedia, Special Envoy to Pakistan/Afghanistan; , Karen Mills, head, Small Business Administration; Jon Leibowitz, Chairman, Federal Trade Commission; Julius Genachowski, Chairman, Federal Communications Commission; , Dr. Margaret Hamburg, Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration; Susan Sher, Chief of Staff for First Lady, Michelle Obama, Henry Kissinger, Susan Rice - ambassador to the UN; Michael McFaul - head of the Russian desk at the National Security Council; Elena Kagan - solicitor general of the United States; Anne-Marie Slaughter - State Department policy planning staff; Neal S.Wolin - deputy counsel to the president for economic policy; Ezekial Emanuel - senior counselor at the White House Office of Management and Budget on health care policy; Lawrence Summers - head of the National Economic Council; Peter Orszag - director of the Office of Management and Budget; Peter Rouse - senior advisor to the president; Mona Sutphen - deputy chief of the White House staff.
  • Timeline continued below
  • Creation of First Jewish President
  • Rothschild Zionists control Obama   Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • Summary   1 Link Obama to Rothschild   1      Alphabetic index

      Obama linked British / Israeli Rothschild link
      Davignon, Etienne   Bilderberg Chairman Rothschild / Bilderberg
      Mandelson, Peter     Rothschild / Mandelson
      Netanyahu, Benjamin   Israel Rothschild / Netanyahu
      Rich, Marc Rahm Emanuel, Israel Bill Clinton Rothschild / Israel
          Bronfman Rothschild / Bronfman
          Desmarais Rothschild / Desmarais (Privy Council)
        QuinetIQ   Rothschild / QuinetIQ
      Tony Blair     Rothschild / Blair
      Jewish Policy Center   Israel Rothschild / Netanyahu
      Lord Carrington   Telegraph.UK Rothschild / Carrington
      American
      Al Waleed bin Talal, Prince Percy Sutton Obama / al Waleed / Harvard tuition Rothshild /al Waleed / Murdoch
      Auchi, Nadhmi Tony Rezko  Nadhmi Auchi / BCCI / B'nai Brith, Rahm Emanuel Rothschild / Auchi
      Ayers, William Chicago Valerie Jarrett / Vernon Jordan Rothschild / Ford Foundation
      Axelrod, David Philip M. Klutznick of Chicago  B’nai B’rith Rothschild / B'nai B'rith
      Blackwill, Robert   Peterson, Peter  
      Aspen Strategy Group, Baker, James, Davignon Pritzker, Jordan, Vernon, Perry, William Pilgrim Society, Zelikow, Trilateral Rothschild North America, Rand Corp
      Blair, Tony Tony Blair is Obama advisor Rupert Murdoch  Rothschild / Murdoch
      Brennan, John   Mandelson, Peter  
      John Bryson (Sec of Commerce)   Pacific Institute of International Policy Rothschild / Pacific Institute
      John Bryson (Boeing)   Boeing Company Rothschild / Boeing
      John Bryson (Walt Disney, ABC) Gerald Rosenfeld - Former CEO Rothschild North America Legg Mason Nathaniel Rothschild - Co-Chairman of Atticus Capital LLC Rothschild / Rosenfeld
      Brzezinski     Rothschild / Brzezinski
      Chertoff, Michael Emanuel, Rahm, Mossad, father Irgun Chertoff's mother, Mossad founder Rothschild / Chertoff
      Greg Craig WH counsel   Skadden Rothschild / Scadden / London
      Crown, Lester Henry Crown   Rothschild / Henry Crown
      Emanuel, Rahm Chicago Mayor, Obama chief of Staff Israel / Zionist  / B'nai Brith Rothschild / Emanuel
          Eisenber, Saul  
      Feinberg, Ken     Rothschild / Feinberg
      Ford Foundation    Atlantic Institute for International Affairs) Rothschild / Atlantic Institute
      Gamaliel Foundation, (Soros)   Ford Foundation Rothschild / Soros
      Geithner, Tim Timothy Geithner (father) Ford Foundation Rothschild / Ford
      Gensler, Gary   Goldman Sachs Rothschild / Goldman Sachs
      Hormat, Robert   Goldman Sachs Rothschild / Goldman Sachs
      Jarrett, Valerie, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago   Rothschild, Bank of England
      Jarrett, Valerie, husband at Chicago Tribune Tribune owned by Hollinger (Telegraph)  Rothschild / Lord Carrington
      Henry Kissinger   Kissinger is Obama advisor Rothschild
      Joyce Foundation   Ford Foundation Rothschild
      Klutznick, Philip B'nai Brith B'nai Brith ADL Rothschild / B'nai Brith
      McCloy, John Connecticut Social Security number Warburg, Stephenson, Cass Sunstein Rothschild
      Patterson, Mark   Goldman Sachs Rothschild / Goldman Sachs
      Perle, Richard     Rothschild / Perle
      Reed, Bruce Democratic Leadership Council Emanuel gave 2008 DLC national convention speech Rothschild / DLC / Clinton
      Rice, Condoleeza  WND   Perry, William Rothschild / GTP
      Perry, William   Defense Policy Board Rothschild / DPB
      Perry, William   -Rothschild North America Rothschild / North America
      Penny Pritzker     Rothschild / Pritzker
      Rubin, Robert Bill Clinton Goldman Sachs Rothschild / Rubin
      Saltzman, Bettylu Philip Klutznick  B’nai B’rith Rothschild /  B’nai B’rith
        Continental Bank, Chicago   Rothschild
      Tides Foundation   Tides Foundation (Soros) Rothschild / Soros
           White House Office of Public Liaison.   Rothschild
      Woods Fund   Ford Foundation Rothschild / Soros
      Zakheim, Dov,  9/11 Defense Policy Board London School of Economics Rothschild / Zakheim
       

      sites: FedUpUSA, ModernHistoryProject,

    • 1 Connect Lester Crown to Rothschild           and 1 B'nai Brith
    • Chicago Tribune Nathan Cummings, chairman of Consolidated Foods Corp, ...in a bid to purchase a controlling interest in A&P, ... gathered a group of backers that included Henry Ford II, Chicago industrialist Col. Henry Crown, the Rockefellers, the British branch of the Rothschild family, the United States Steel Corp. pension trust and Harvard and Yale Universities... annual sales $7 billion.
    • HiddenMysteries In 1968, Israeli Finance Minister Pinchas Sapir (Wikipedia), the creator of Israel's "offshore" banking system, sponsored a "millionaires conference" in Jerusalem. All in attendance were in one way or another connected to the Israeli intelligence apparatus responsible for the weapons and money that helped create Israel in 1948. Among them were : Louis Boyar and Sam Rothberg - Henry Crown - Max Fisher - Ray Wolfe - Shaul Eisenberg (ThinkAboutIt) (Globes, Rothschild) - Raphael Recanati - Philip Klutznik. Out of this conference, the Israel Corporation (Wikipedia) was formed.
    • Paul Goldstein .. B'nai Brith Britains Weapon Against America
    • See these Shaul Eisenber links Eisenberg, Shaul Mossad, Eisenberg, Shaul, Russia, Eisenberg, Lewis
    • Possible path between Rothschilds and Obama via Valerie Jarrett, to her husband at the Chicago Tribune to Hollinger to Rothschild  ... go to Capcom...and see Valerie Jarrett ties to Thomas Ayers 1
    • NYTimes Valerie Jarrett has never worked in Washington, her great-uncle is Vernon Jordan1, the well-known Democratic power broker. go to  
    • 1978 Wikipedia White House Jewish Liason, has existed since the Carter administration  ...  At times, the post has operated within the White House Office of Public Liaison.   see also
    • 1985 Jewish Policy Center Wikipedia ..  founded in 1985, is a Washington, D.C.-based think tank tied closely to the Republican Jewish Coalition.
    • 2008 Bibliotecaplaydes  Zionist Jew Timothy Geithner was confirmed as Secretary of Treasury by Obama on November 22 2008… another banner day for the global Zionist Rothschild elite. Geithner, who was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn NY, has been serving the Rothschilds as the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York since 2003.  and Wikipedia  His father was the director of the Asia program at the Ford Foundation in New York in the 1990s.  During the early 1980s, Geithner's father Peter oversaw the Ford Foundation's microfinance programs in Indonesia being developed by Ann Dunham Soetoro, President Barack Obama's mother, and they met in person at least once.  and InvestorsHub Proof Tim Geithner works for Rothschild globalists and wants America to fail. ... And third, Geithner completely overlooks what has brought significant parts of Europe to its economic knees. He should spend more time with the authorities in Iceland or Ireland or Switzerland, countries where “financial globalization” allowed banks to become big relative to the economy.
    • 2001 LittleTboca David Axelrod is Obama’s Senior Advisor and Campaign manager and has been hanging out with Obama since 2001. Axelrod is one of the highest level Rothschild Zionist agents/controllers of the Obama administration. Axelrod was commissioned in 1992 by Klutznick to make Barack Obama “our first black president,” Philip M. Klutznick of Chicago, the former president of B’nai B’rith International the global voice of the Jewish community, is an international Jewish organization … and the World Jewish Congress. George Soros is a Rothschild Zionist agent, not only donates to Obama but is one of Obama’s puppeteers. Obama’s advisors and czars who are connected to Rothschild Zionism include Cass Sunstein. Cass appointed two Rothschild Zionists (Carol Browner & Todd Stem) to take charge of the climate change and global warming. Ken Feinberg was appointed by Obama to be the special pay master for the companies bailed out by our stimulus money and yes, Ken is connected to the Rothschild Zionists. Economic Czar – Larry Summers, Pay Czar – Kenneth Feinberg, Guatanomo/Military Jails Czar -Daniel Fried, Car Czar – Steven Rattner, Border Czar and there’s so much more. So when you wake up tomorrow and wonder why Obama acts and sounds like a crazy man – you know who the real puppeteers are and you’d better believe that David Axelrod is destroying our Nation under the watchful eye of the Rothschild Zionists.
    • Webster Tarpley Obama is a creature and puppet of finance capital and of the Wall Street bankers and investment bankers, as represented by the Trilateral Commission, Bilderberger Group 1, Council on Foreign Relations, Skull and Bones Society, Ford Foundation, and Chicago School of Friedmanite economics. The family business which Obama inherited from his mother (a Ford Foundation anthropologist and counterinsurgency operative who also worked for the World Bank and the US Agency for International Development) was to work for foundations. And this is what Obama has done in his life, working at various times for or with the Gamaliel Foundation, the Woods Fund, the Joyce Foundation, the Annenberg Foundation,
    •  "The Real Crime of M. Khodorkovsky" by F. William Engdahl
    • "Barack Obama will go down in history as America’s first Jewish President." — Abner Mikva (Jew) Former White House Counsel, Clinton Administration
    • Some research by NAUinfo Obama Jewish backers: Tide Foundation, Drummond Pike, Gerald Kellman / Saul Alinsky (Wikipedia), 1 Peter Lewis, Stephen Bing, Herbert and Marion Sandler, Marilyn Katz SDS, Robert Borosage IAF, Barney Frank, Apollo Alliance, SEIU.
    • Watch.Pair André Malraux was a Communist who became a Fascist, but was secretly a Synarchist and a member of the Prieuré de Sion, which conspires to establish a Jewish theocracy ruled by the Learned Elders of the 33º and their priest-king, the Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion. While Andre Malraux was meeting with Pres. John Kennedy from 1961 through 1963, the future Grand Master of the Prieuré de Sion (1963-81), Gaylord Freeman, was also meeting with JFK. As Chairman of the Board of the First National Bank of Chicago, a Federal Reserve Bank and BIS member bank, and its parent, the First Chicago Corporation, Gaylord Freeman held official positions in several U.S. administrations – Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, Ford and Carter. Also on the Board of First Chicago was Thomas G. Ayers, the father of Bill Ayers. Under the patronage of Thomas G. Ayers, young Barack Obama made the right connections in Chicago’s Jewish community thus insuring the success of his career. Thomas Ayers also financed Obama’s rise to power as the President of the United States.
    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
     

     

    Romney Zionist Advisors   Top

    • 1984 comment: Bain Capital was founded in 1984 by Bain & Company partners Willard Mitt Romney, T. Coleman Andrews III, and Eric Kriss. In addition to the three founding partners, the early team included Fraser Bullock, Robert F. White, Joshua Bekenstein, Adam Kirsch, Stephen Pagliuca and Geoffrey S. Rehnert. Bain Capital's original $37 million fund was raised entirely from private individuals in mid-1984, led by Ricardo Poma, a Salvadoran businessman
    • 2008 Connect the dots: Wikipedia Dubai Ports World controversy, Norm Coleman  ...  also search Sankaty High Yield Asset Investors Ltd, unreported by Romney.  see Bermuda Online search Provence Management II Stitchting c/o Rothschild Trust, Victoria Street, Hamilton
    • 2008 SourceWatch Freedom's Watch
    • 2009 Wikipedia Carl Forti  MotherJones carl-forti-romney-super-PAC  SourceWatch  Freedom's Watch,
    • 2011 JudeoFascism Romney deep into bed with wealthy Jewish Zionist Israel-firsters  ...   Romney published a list of his foreign policy advisers, including many who have been active in or are close to the pro-Israel community, such as Norm Coleman Wikipedia , the former U.S. senator from Minnesota who is now active with the Republican Jewish Coalition Wikipedia; Dan Senor, the co-author of a book on Israeli technological innovation who often works with the American Israel Public Affairs Committee; and Dov Zakheim Wikipedia, a former top Pentagon official in various Republican administrations who also is active with the American Jewish Committee...
    • 2012 Council for the National Interest, on Romney Israeli-firsters)  ...  Romney’s financial backers are a who’s who of the Republican Jewish establishment, and his foreign policy advisers are culled from some of the pro-Israel community’s best and brightest. Romney has cultivated Jewish Republicans since he launched his unsuccessful bid in 2007... “Every major Jewish Republican fundraiser has been with Mitt” since then. Search: Dan Senor, Mel Sembler Wikipedia, Fred Zeidman Wikipedia, Dov Zakheim.  Romney Zionists.  TheHill Coleman
    • General Dynamics, Crown Family Chicago, General Electric, Imelt. Colin Powell (Zionist), John McCain,
    • 2012 Jewish Policy Center board: Chairman: Richard Fox, Honorary Chairman: Sheldon B. Kamins, Vice Chairmen: Marshall J. Breger Michael David Epstein, General Counsel: Jeffrey P. Altman, Executive Director: Matthew Brooks, Director of Policy: Matthew RJ Brodsky, Senior Director: Shoshana Bryen, Senior Research Associate: Samara Greenberg, Board of Trustees: Diana Epstein Cheryl Halpern Joel Hoppenstein Eliot Lauer Mark L. Lezell Herman Obermayer J. Philip Rosen Walter Stern, Board of Fellows: Richard Baehr William J. Bennett Mona Charen Midge Decter David Frum Rabbi Joshua Haberman David Horowitz Irving Kristol z"l Rabbi Daniel Lapin Michael A. Ledeen Michael Medved Larry Miller David Novak Daniel Pipes John Podhoretz Norman Podhoretz Dennis Prager Tevi Troy Ruth Wisse
    • 2012 NakedCongress Carl Forti, a founder of Restore Our Future and its spokesman, predicted that as many as 20 Republican-leaning super PACs would seek to oust Obama  IWatchNews Forti / Romney, UncleScam, HumanEvents Scytl, no Soros connection.
  • 1990 - GripesOnline Peter Kawaja, in charge of security for a company called Product Ingredient Technology in Boca Raton, Florida, learns to his dismay that the factory he was led to believe was manufacturing a cherry flavoring is actually producing chemical/biological agents to be shipped to Iraq. He also discovers that this is being done with the full knowledge and consent of the FBI, the CIA and the Bush Administration. When he attempts to alert authorities, government agents seize the documents he has collected and his wife is killed.
  • 1990 Leo Wanta Wikipedia, NewsMax, Rense  see Christopher Story Wikipedia 1 and WorldReports, ArcticBeacon, Brtaniaradio Global Security Fund set up by Jacob Rothschild,   Dastych‘Global Security Fund’, consisting of off-balance sheet USG (U.S. Government) funds originally worth $27.5 trillion raised from 200+ international banks, is a fund which was set up to finance the ‘management’ of the ‘post-Cold War’ environment. The accumulated value of these funds, held offshore in bank accounts linked to Title 18, Section 6 US Government intelligence corporations established under President Reagan’s Executive Order 12333 (Archive.gov), is now believed to exceed $70 trillion. The original $27.5 trillion was raised from the 200+ banks at a deep discount for 20 years at 7.5% per annum.  To avoid these funds being liberated, Leo Wanta, who afterwards became Somalian ambassador, was imprisoned in Switzerland and the United States, and was repeatedly poisoned when in prison. None of this deterred Leo Wanta when he was released from prison, from continuing to claim his legal right as administer of this immense fund, through the AmeriTrust Group Inc (Corporationwiki). The reference which shows this is title 18 USC Section 6 offshore bank accounts, authorized under President Reagan’s Executive Order 12333.  (Archive.gov)
  • 1990  Bruegel Nicolas Véron .. His prior experience includes working for Saint-Gobain in Berlin and Rothschilds in Paris in the early 1990s  Véron is a member of the Business and Economic Advisory Group of the Atlantic Council,  CFA Institute, International Corporate Governance Network. A French citizen, a graduate from Ecole Polytechnique (1992) and Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris (1995)
  • 1990's Billionaires CNN  Baron Edmond de Rothshild, 64 and family Geneva SWITZERLAND $2.0B Compagnie Financiere Benjamin & Edmond de Rothschild, Geneva; 7% of Hachette and holdings in other French corporations; real estate. Baron Edmond is heir to two of the five main branches of the famous Rothschild banking family. The modest-size Banque Privee Edmond de Rothschild channels money into Rothschild's other banks scattered about the Continent.  also mentioned: SHEIKH RASHID BIN SAID AL MAKTOUM (Sidley Austin, BCCI civil action)   1  Barn toWire Breeder's Cup entrants: Edouardo de Rothschild (England's Legend), Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed al Maktoum (Spring Oak)  Wikipedia History of Dubai
  • 1990 - GripesOnline Sept. 11,  In an address to Congress entitled “Toward a New World Order,” George Bush says: “The crisis in the Persian Gulf offers a rare opportunity to move toward an historic period of cooperation. Out of these troubled times a new world order can emerge. We are now in sight of a United Nations that performs as envisioned by its founders.” But who were the founders of the U.N. and what exactly were their intentions? At least 43 members of the U.S. delegation to the founding conference in San Francisco were also members of the CFR. The Secretary General at the U.N. founding conference in 1945 was a U.S. State Department official named Alger Hiss. It was later determined that Alger Hiss was a Soviet spy. He was convicted of perjury for lying about his pro-Soviet activities. And Hiss was not just an aberration. The U.N. has always chosen socialist one-worlders for leaders.]
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  • 1990 Wikipedia Adnan Khashoggi He was implicated in the Iran–Contra affair as a key middleman in the arms-for-hostages exchange along with Iranian arms dealer Manucher Ghorbanifar and, in a complex series of events, was found to have borrowed money for these arms purchases from the now-bankrupt financial institution the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) with Saudi and US backing. In 1988, Khashoggi was arrested in Switzerland, accused of concealing funds, held for three months and then extradited to the United States where he was released on bail and subsequently acquitted. In 1990, a United States federal jury in Manhattan acquitted Khashoggi and Imelda Marcos, widow of the exiled Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, of racketeering and fraud. 6] see also: Khashoggi, along with Ramy El-Batrawi, was the principal financier behind GenesisIntermedia, Inc. ...Valerie Red Horse...  Khashoggi's unwillingness to pay his margin loan to Native Nations Securities, and Native Nations (and Red Horse's) inability to pay its debts to MJK Clearing, began a series of bankruptcies that ended in the largest payout in Securities Investor Protection Corporation history. Native Nations Securities and MJK Clearing both eventually filed for bankruptcy.
  • 1990's  9/11 Commission Revised, John Kerry The recruitment of hijackers previously settled in the US. Adnan Khashoggi (owner of Genesis Aviation) is a business partner with retired General William Lyon (on the Board of Kellstrom Industries, Inc., an Israeli owned company) in a venture called Wings of Democracy, an attempt to penetrate the commercial Iraq air business. Lyon is the founder of several university diploma-mill operations in California (American Commonwealth University, also known as William Lyon University) which are speculated to be CIA front operations used for providing US visas to foreign operatives. These operations are directly associated with the entry to the US by two of the 9/11 hijackers in the early 1990s. Lyon is a major Republican fund raiser in Orange County, associate of Karl Rove, financial backer of the swift Boat Veterans, and keynote speaker at the Republican national convention.
  • BCCI Congressional bribery list (partial list) Cong. DAN ROSTENKOWSKI (D-Illinois) see Garfield Ridge Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago, Mena, Ark. and Cong. MARTY RUSSO (D-Illinois), Cong. THOMAS FOLEY, Cong. GLENN ENGLISH, Cong. CARDISS COLLINS, Cong. E (Kika) de la GARZA, Cong. RICHARD GEPHARDT, Cong. JAMES WRIGHT, Cong. ROBERT MICHEL, Cong. RICHARD DURBIN, Sen. THOMAS DASCHLE, Sen. JAMES JEFFORDS, Sen. LLOYD BENTSEN, see Enron, Sen. ALFONSE D'AMATO, Sen. JESSE HELMS, Sen. RICHARD LUGAR, Sen. DONALD RIEGLE, Sen. PATRICK LEAHY, Cong. DAN GLICKMAN, Sen. ALAN DIXON, Cong. DAN GLICKMAN (D-Kansas) In the Clinton administration he became head of the Department of Agriculture. BCCI/Banca Nazionale del Lavoro were implicated in a huge Atlanta scandal where billions of U.S. dollars disguised as "Agriculture" loans, were used by Daddy Bush to supply weapons to Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein. Glickman was reportedly part of the coverup.Sen. ROBERT BYRD (D-West Virginia) There is strong reason to believe that he and some of his staff members know a lot about the murder in 1991 of Journalist/Author Danny Casalaro in West Virginia, also about the apparent frame-up of computer wizard Michael Riconosciuto.
  • 1991 Chicago Tribune WASHINGTON — Was the recent mysterious death of a journalist investigating a link between BCCI and high government officials really a suicide? Did Washington lawyers Clark Clifford and Robert Altman know what BCCI was really up to? Who else knew? When did they know it? And how high does the trail lead? The rumor mill has been fueled by the death of free-lance journalist Joseph Daniel Casolaro, who was found with his wrists slashed in the bathroom of a West Virginia motel room Aug. 10 after meeting a source for a book he was researching-on, among other things, the BCCI scandal. Casolaro was out to prove a theory that linked the Iran-contra affair; the so-called October Surprise deal, which the Reagan presidential campaign is alleged to have struck with Iran in 1980 for the delayed release of U.S. hostages; and the Inslaw case, in which the Justice Department is accused of illegally selling software to the Middle East. BCCI, he believed, was the financial conduit for all these deals. Casolaro was not the only one investigating the scandals, although no one has yet managed to prove the speculative link. Last month a British journalist working for the Financial Times of London was found murdered in a Guatemala hotel room shortly after telling his editors in London he had stumbled on a story linking BCCI with illegal arms transfers between Guatemala and the U.S. Congress will hold hearings on the October Surprise allegations in the fall.
  • Wikipedia Bert Lance  Lance was implicated in the BCCI scandal of the 1980s and early 1990s. He was involved in deals with notable BCCI luminaries Agha Hasan Abedi, Mochtar Riady and Ghaith Pharaon and with BCCI's largest borrower, P. S. Prasad,  and joined with Arkansas-based power investor Jackson Stephens in facilitating BCCI's takeover of Financial General Bankshares.(See OpenJurist) Lance and Stephens made millions in the wake of BCCI's collapse.  In January 1978, Lance sold his stock in National Bank of Georgia to Ghaith Pharaon, while on the same day, BCCI founder Agha Hasan Abedi paid off Lance's $3.5 million loan at the First National Bank of Chicago. The following month, Lance helped BCCI with their hostile bid for Financial General Bankshares of Washington. The attempt failed, but three years later, BCCI secretly acquired the bank (renamed First American Bankshares) using 15 Arab investors as nominees. The next year, Lance introduced Jimmy Carter to Abedi. In 1987, First American Bankshares acquired National Bank of Georgia from Pharaon. BCCI was terminated in 1991 and it was subsequently revealed that the bank had done many illegal activities, including secretly controlling several U.S. banks, in violation of federal banking statutes.
  • 1991 Bilderberg US attendees: Paul Allaire (CEO Xerox, CFR), George Ball (Lehman Brothrs, CFR), Robert Bartley (Editor-Wall St. Journal, CFR), Robert Blackwill (Professor-Harvard, CFR), Michael J. Boskin (Presidents Economic Advisor), Nicholas Brady (Secretary of Treasury), John Chafee (Senator-Rhode Island, CFR, TC), Bill Clinton (Governor-Arkansas, CFR, TC), Charles Dalara (Assistant Sec. of International Affairs), Kenneth Dam (IBM, CFR), Diane Feinstein (Ex-Mayor-San. Francisco, TC), Catharine Graham (CEO-Washington Post, IA, CFR, TC), Maurice R. Greenberg (CEO-AIG Insurance, CFR, TC), J. Bennett Johnston (Senator-Lousianna), Vernon Jordan (Attorney, CFR, TC), Henry Kissinger (CEO-Kissinger Associates, CFR, TC, KGB), Charles Mathais (Attorney, Ex-Senator, CFR), Jack Matlock (Ambassador-USSR, CFR), Charles Muller (Murden & Co., Friends of Bilderberg Inc.), William Quand (Brookings Institute, NBC News, CFR) John S. Reed (CEO-Citicorp Bank, CFR), Rozanne Ridgeway (Pres.-Atlantic Council, CFR, TC), David Rockefeller (CEO-Chase Manhattan Bank, CFR, TC), John Shad (Philanthropist) Thomas Sions Jr. (Ambassador-Poland), Alice Victor (Rockefeller's Secretary), John Whitehead (Ex-Depty Sec. of State, CFR), Brayton Wilbur Jr. (CEO-Wilbur-Ellis Co., CFR), Douglas Wilder (Governor-Virginia), Lynn Williams (Pres-United Steelworkers Union), Grant Winthrop (Attorney), James Wolfensohn (Pres., James Wolfensohn Inc., CFR), Robert Zoellick (State Dept. Economic Advisor)  and from Britain: Gordon Brown (Opposition MP - Parliament), Lawrence Freedman (Professor), Christopher Kegg, Andrew Knight (Editor - News International), Lord Roll of Ipsden (Conservative Politician, Warburg Banker), Patrick Wright (Head of Diplomatic Service) 1
  • 1991: IAmTheWitness Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, on January 16 of this year the United States and Britain began an aerial bombing campaign of targets within Iraq. On 24 February the ground campaign commenced which was to last 100 hours until on February 28 when a horrendous war crime occurred.    ...   This crime was the slaughter of 150,000 Iraqi troops with fuel air bombs. These Iraqis were fleeing on a crowded highway from Kuwait to Basra. President George Herbert Walker Bush ordered United States military aircraft and ground units to kill these surrendering troops, they were then bulldozed into mass unmarked graves in the desert, some still alive.   ...   President Bush then ordered a cessation of hostilities. What was the significance of this slaughter and President Bush declaring the war over on this day? Well it was the day the, "Day of Purim," fell on this year. This the day the Jews celebrate their victory over Ancient Babylon, now based within the borders of Iraq and a day when the Jews are encouraged to get bloody revenge against their perceived enemies.    ...   At the Bilderberg Conference on June 6 to 9 of this year, in Baden-Baden, Germany, David Rockefeller (a Rothschild) made the following statement, "We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine, and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world, if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The super-national sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practised in past centuries."
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  • 1991 History of the Money Changers At the Bilderberg 1 Conference on June 6 to 9, in Baden-Baden, Germany, David Rockefeller made the following statement,   "We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine, and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world, if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years.  But the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The super-national sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries."  Note: Click here for a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet with a list of people at the Bilderberg Conferences.
  • 1992GripesOnline “The Twilight of Sovereignty” by former Citicorp Chairman Walter Wriston (CFR) is published, in which he claims: “A truly global economy will require compromises of national sovereignty. There is no escaping the system.”
  • 1992 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline Neocons launch DPG papers
  • 1992 YellowBrickRoad Soros’s Quantum Fund became famous for “breaking” the Bank of England, forcing it to devalue the pound. Soros had bet his entire fund in a short sale on the ultimately fulfilled prediction that the British currency would drop in value, a coup that netted him a profit of $1 billion   and some organizations he started: Advancement Project, Air America Radio, All of Us or None, Alliance for Justice, America Coming Together, America Votes, America's Voice.
  • 1992 FDIC Senior Interagency Group members include: Dick Thornburgh, L. William Seidman, Timothy Ryan, Roger Jepson, William Sessions, Fred Goldberg, Nicholas Brady, John Laware, Robert Clark, Joseph Little, John Simpson, Charles Clauson.
  • 1992: IAmTheWitness In March, former Federal Reserve Board Chairman, Paul A. Volcker became Chairman of the European banking firm, J. Rothschild, Wolfensohn and Co. Stephen Bryen, caught offering confidential documents to Israel in 1978, is serving on board of the pro-Israeli Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs while continuing as a paid consultant, with security clearance, on exports of sensitive US technology.  “The Samson Option,” by Seymour M. Hersh reports, “Illicitly obtained intelligence was flying so voluminously from LAKAM (a secret Israeli intelligence unit, a Hebrew acronym for Scientific Liaison Bureau) into Israeli intelligence that a special code name, JUMBO, was added to the security markings already on the documents. There were strict orders, Ari Ben-Menashe recalled, “Anything marked JUMBO was not supposed to be discussed with your American counterparts.” The Wall Street Journal reports that Israeli agents apparently tried to steal Recon Optical Inc's top-secret airborne spy-camera system. On September 16th Britain’s pound collapses when currency speculators led by Rothschild agent, Ashkenazi Jew, George Soros, borrow pounds and sell them for Deutsche Marks, in the expectation of being able to repay the loan in devalued currency and to pocket the difference.  ....  This results in the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Norman Lamont, announcing a rise in interest rates of 5% in one day and as a result drives Britain into a recession which lasts many years as large numbers of businesses fail and the housing market crashes.    ...   This is right on cue for the Rothschilds, after they had privatised Britain’s state owned assets during the 1980’s, driven the share price up, and then collapsed the markets so they could buy them up for pennies on the pound, a carbon copy of what Nathan Mayer Rothschild did to the British economy 180 years before, in 1812.   ...  It cannot be overstated that the Chancellor of the Exchequer at that time, Norman Lamont, prior to becoming a MP, was a Merchant Banker with N. M. Rothschild and Sons, who he joined after reading Economics at Cambridge.
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  • 1992 History of the Money Changers The third world debtor nations who had borrowed from the World Bank, pay 198 million dollars more to the central banks of the developed nations for World Bank funded purposes than they receive from the World Bank. This only goes to increase their permanent debt in exchange for temporary relief from poverty which is caused by the payments on prior loans, the repayments of which already exceed the amount of the new loans. This year Africa's external debt had reached 290 billion dollars, which is two and a half times greater than its level in 1980, which has resulted in deterioration of schools, deterioration of housing, sky-rocketing infant mortality rates, a drastic downturn in the general health of the people, and mass unemployment.   The Washington Times reports that Russian President, Boris Yeltsin, was upset that most of the incoming foreign aid was being siphoned off, and he stated,  "Straight back into the coffers of Western Banks in debt service."  This year American taxpayers pay the Federal Reserve 286 billion dollars in interest on debt the Federal Reserve purchased by printing money virtually cost free.
  • 1992 Dutch authorities and El Al admit Flight LY1862 carried sarin components and DU depleted uranium,  YouTube
  • 1992 Wikipedia In 1992, Marcos claimed that her fortune came from Yamashita's Gold. In February 2006, Marcos insisted that her husband had acquired his wealth legitimately as a gold trader. By the late 1950s, she claimed, he had amassed a personal fortune 7,500 tons of gold, and after gold prices climbed in the 1970s, the Marcos family was worth about $35 billion. However, the Bureau of Internal Revenue has no record of the Marcos family declaring or paying taxes on these assets citation needed], and the source of their wealth remains open to investigation.
  • 1993 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline Oslo accords are signed by Israel and the PLO (the was and still is the best solution IF Israel would actually obey it) ...   The ADL is caught spying on the US for Israel (this is a huge and highly unreported story all by itself)   ...
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  • 1993 Bibliotecaplaydes September 1993 he succeeded over the Bank of England. He was certain that the bank would have to take the pound that came under pressure out of the European exchange mechanism and devalue it. He gambled ten billion US$ - with success. He made one billion US$
  • 1993 MFA FUNDAMENTAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE HOLY SEE AND THE STATE OF ISRAEL  and Wikipedia is a treaty between the Holy See (the Pope' see) and the state of Israel signed by them on 30 December 1993. It deals with the property rights and tax exemptions of the Roman Catholic Church within Israeli territory. Meetings between the parties are continuing to resolve several outstanding issues. As a result of the Agreement, the Vatican has established in 1994 full diplomatic relations with Israel, and has appointed an Apostolic Nuncio to Israel. On 10 November 1997, the Vatican and Israel entered into a further agreement, called Agreement Between the State of Israel and the Holy See, also referred to as the Legal Personality Agreement or the Agreement on the Legal Personality of the Church, but neither of these agreements have been passed by the Knesset.
  • 1993 James A Baker III (Atlantic Council of U.S., Director - Baker Botts, Senior Partner - Sec. of State under Bush-41, & Sec. of Treasury under Reagan, White House chief of staff to Reagan and George H.W. Bush - Former U.N. Personal envoy to the Sec.General - Former Council on Economic Policy, Chairman - Former Dept. of Commerce, Under Secretary}... CFR is the U. S. counterpart to British RIIA (See RIIA - Rothschild)
  • 1993: IAmTheWitness Norman Lamont leaves the British government to return to N. M. Rothschild and Sons as a director, after his mission to collapse the British economy to profit the Rothschilds is accomplished. Former Congressman, Paul Findley publishes his seminal book, Deliberate Deceptions: Facing the Facts About the U.S. Israeli Relationship. In this book he lists the 65 United Nations Member Resolutions against Israel from the period 1955 to 1992, and the 30 United States vetoes on Israel’s behalf which if not made would have seen Israel have 95 resolutions against them at this point. No matter, even with Israel’s puppet the United States helping them terrorize others, the 65 Resolutions passed against Israel are more than all the Resolutions passed against all other countries combined.   ...  Not that Israel care too much about the views of the United Nations when you consider that less than two weeks after Israel’s attack on the USS Liberty (an attack designed to sink the Liberty and blame it on Egypt prompting the USA into a war with Egypt on behalf of Israeli Lies, remember the Mossad motto, “By Way Of Deception, Thou Shalt Do War”), the Israeli Foreign Minister, Aba Eban, stated of the United Nations, "If the General Assembly were to vote by 121 votes to 1 in favor of, "Israel," returning to the armistice lines (pre June 1967 borders), "Israel," would refuse to comply with the decision," New York Times –
  • 1993 Wikipedia London_International_Financial_Futures_and_Options_Exchange, The London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE, pronounced 'life') is a futures exchange based in London. LIFFE is now part of NYSE Euronext following its takeover by Euronext in January 2002 and Euronext's merger with New York Stock Exchange in April 2007.  edit]The London International Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE), established by Sir Brian Williamson started life on 30 September, 1982, to take advantage of the removal of currency controls in the UK in 1979. The exchange modelled itself after the Chicago Board of Trade and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. It initially offered futures contracts and options linked to short term interest rates. In 1993 LIFFE merged with the London Traded Options Market (LTOM), adding equity options to its product range. This is when it changed its name to the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange. In 1996 it merged with the London Commodity Exchange (LCE)
  • 1993 Webster Tarpley  “Operation Board Games” is the code name for the prosecution of Rezko, joined potentially by Chicago Mayor Richard Daley, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich, and other Democratic and Republican pols, ward-heelers, and fixers. One of the central points of this probe is the Davis, Miner, and Barnhill law firm, where Obama was employed. Pringle outlines the case as follows: The investigation dubbed “Operation Board Games,” into the influence peddling within the cesspool of corruption that encompasses Illinois politicians from both major parties, has developed into multiple subplots, many of which feature Barack Obama. They also give the details of Obama’s involvement in a slumlord business largely operating out of the Chicago based Davis, Miner & Barnhill law firm, which hired Obama in 1993, with his boss, Allison Davis, reaping in the profits with Rezko’s development company, Rezmar. Pringle’s] “Board Games for Slumlord” article gives in-depth details of the federal investigation along with the names of people who are listed as “Co-Schemers” and “Individuals” in the indictments issued thus far. Therefore for the most part, this article will refer to all the scams collectively as what prosecutors refer to as “pay-to-play” schemes. The Davis Miner Barnhill & Galland law firm, where Obama worked for nearly a decade, served as a hub for a slew of slumlord deals, many that benefited the firm’s founder, Allison Davis, and Obama’s claims that he knew nothing about the inner workings of this small firm, represent an insult to the intelligence of the American public…. Allison Davis, Obama’s boss at the law firm, is also listed in legal documents as playing a part in setting up a major extortion attempt in the Board Games case.
  • 1993 -Skolnick Report The Joseph Andreuccetti Affair involved 58.4 million dollars of federal funds parked with Household Bank and Household International. $50,000,000 of those funds vanished and turned up in Little Rock, Arkansas, as part of the Clinton family's attempts to cover up the embezzlement of $47,000,000. Congressman Dan Burton commented on this vanishing money, which Clinton hid using dope $$$ laundries. This story was covered up by the media.
  • 1993 - GripesOnline A second Parliament of World Religions is held in Chicago on the 100th anniversary of the first. Like the first convention, this one seeks to join all the religions of the world into “one harmonious whole,” but it wants to make them “merge back into their original element.” Traditional beliefs of monotheistic religions such as Christianity are considered incompatible with individual “enlightenment” and must be drastically altered.
  • 1993 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline   The First WTC bombing occurs. (This was a botched false flag that used the cover up of claiming to be a botched sting operation) El Sayyid Nosair was fingered in the bombing plot and also for the killing of the founder of the JDL Meir Kahane the man who coined the phrase "never again" and "Greater Israel". It was one of Meir Kahane's Zionist followers who shot up 29 people in a Mosque thus starting the Intifada. Nosair was not convicted of shooting Kahane because nobody saw him pull the trigger and he did not buy the gun. Emad A. Salem. of the FBI supplied the useful idiots with explosives which he thought were fakes and to protect himself he recorded 100s of conversations with the FBI. The media spent the whole year on the OJ trial.   ...  Quote: Salem, initially believing that this was to be a sting operation, claimed that the FBI's original plan was for Salem to supply the conspirators with a harmless powder instead of actual explosive to build their bomb, but that the FBI chose to use him for other purposes instead. 4] He secretly recorded hundreds of hours of telephone conversations with his FBI handlers; reported by Ralph Blumenthal in the New York Times, Oct. 28, 1993, section A,Page 1. -wiki   and  As an apparent CIA asset, however, KSM could well have been responsible for Yousef’s involvement, although it is clear from the timing of Yousef’s entry to the US that the operation was already under way when he arrived. see also Michael Mukasey
  • New York Times The New York Times is controlled by the Sulzberger family, founding members of B'nai B'rith (secret organization of Jewish Freemasons) Lodge No. 1 of New York, for more than one hundred years.  The chairman of the NYT is Arthur Sulzberger Jr., a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is the son of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger and grandson of Arthur Hays Sulzberger who served as a Trustee for the Rockefeller Foundation. (Rothschild connected at the hip).
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  • 1993 Physics911 Nuclear False Flag ... Was the 1993 World Trade Center bombing related to 9/11? The 1993 explosion under the World Trade Center complex in New York City was the first major terrorist event on American soil. And, as many claim, this could well have paved the way for the events of September 11, 2001. The explosion along with the trials, which started soon after the September 1993 Oslo Agreement between Israel and the PLO, brilliantly solved many troublesome problems at one stroke for the US and its allies, Israel and Egypt. The convictions that flowed from the trials proved that the U.S. government was able to obtain terrorism convictions with virtually no evidence against defendants with no motives and no ability to have carried out the explosion. Despite the evidence that the act was facilitated by agents connected to and protected by the US government, with funds from supposedly unidentifiable sources and leadership, there has been no doubt expressed in the mainstream media about the legitimacy of the convictions. In short, the WTC 1993 bombing trials demonstrated the cynical use that the United States — with the cooperation of its courts and the media — would make of its Muslim community to carry out its new, post-Cold War geopolitical agenda.
  • 1993 Wikipedia Norman Lamont, Baron Lamont of Lerwick, Before entering Parliament he worked for N M Rothschild & Sons, the investment bank, and became director of Rothschild Asset Management
  • 1993 HiddenMysteries Soros (Rothschild) was very close to the financial and secret service circles around George Bush. His most important deposit bank and main lender during his attack on the European monetary system in Sept. 1993 was Citicorp, America's largest bank. Soros called upon the international investors to unhinge the Deutsche Mark. When in late 1989 as reunification became probable, a high ranking Citicorp manager who before had been advisor in the Dukakis campaign said: "German unity will be catastrophic for our interests.   ...  Soros is personally responsible for the chaos and "shock therapy" caused in Eastern Europe after 1989. He foisted ludicrous draconian measures upon the weak governments there, which enabled him to buy up resources in wide parts of Eastern Europe at rock-bottom prices.   Soros used a young friend, the Polish-Jewish economic advisor Jeffrey Sachs.
  • 1993 History Commons complete 9/11 Timeline alleged Al-qaeda WTC bombing
  • 1993  WMR / NFU Neil Heywood (murder case, China) knew Bo (Xilai) as mayor of Dalian from 1993 to 2001 and continued to have a relationship with the up-and-coming Chinese leader when he took over as party boss in Chongqing. With Chongqing as his base, Bo, who, along with Chongqing vice mayor and police chief Wang Lijun, became known for stamping out criminal activity. However, the criminal activity suppressed by Bo and Wang pales in comparison to the high-level corruption Bo and his cronies engaged in with the Rotshschilds, Soros, and the Canadian tycoon Paul Desmarais, Sr. and his son, Andre Desmarais, the founder of the Rothschild Bank of Canada. The elder Desmarais, the head of Power Corporation of Canada and founder of the Canada China Business Council, saw his business association with Bo as opening up China’s vast energy sector to Desmarais, Rothschild, and Soros private investment. 
  • 1993 - GripesOnline CFR member and Trilateralist Henry Kissinger writes in the “Los Angeles Times” concerning NAFTA: “What Congress will have before it is not a conventional trade agreement but the architecture of a new international system...a first step toward a new world order.”
  • 1993GripesOnline “Washington Post” ombudsman Richard Harwood does an op-ed piece about the role of the CFR's media members: “Their membership is an acknowledgment of their ascension into the American ruling class where they do not merely analyze and interpret foreign policy for the United States; they help make it.”
  • 1994 AlanPetersonNewsBriefs  ...Research into all the aliases of the Stanley Ann Dunham name and fraudulent money laundering schemes.  ... this globalist micro-finance scheme (including the Clintons) using the old Muslim money system of hawala with modern credit card laundering, including ATM transfers with the direct quid pro quo involving non profits and the indirect infiltration of funds via some very connected Muslim billionaires, topped off with the public airwaves as a public paid for propaganda ministry, has deep ties between the Indonesian and certain US banking systems over the course of several decades. search terms include: Standard Oil, Kelly A. Dunham, Madelyn L. Dunham, Shippleck, Sandra Dunham, Stephen, Scott, real-estate scams, Dunham Enterprises, Sutoro, Soetoro, Go to Thomas Ayers section 1  Dunham Obama Timeline
  • 1994 History of the Money Changers The Regal Act is introduced in the United States to authorize the replacement of President Lincoln's Greenbacks with debt based notes. They had lasted for 132 years. 1996 Ever wondered why all the world's production seems to be moving to China? In a report entitled, "China's Economy Toward the 21st Century," released this year, it predicts that the per capita income in China in 2010, will be approximately 735 dollars. This is less than 30 dollars higher than the World Bank definition of a low income country. 1997 Less than two months before Tony Blair came to power in England, another interesting entry can be found in HANSARD, 5th March 1997, volume 578, No. 68, columns 1869-1871, in which the Earl of Caithness is recorded as having stated, "The next government must grasp the nettle, accept their responsibility for controlling the money supply and change from our debt-based monetary system. My Lords, will they? If they do not, our monetary system will break us and the sorry legacy we are already leaving our children will be a disaster."  On 6 May, only four days after Tony Blair's election as Prime Minister, his Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, announces he is going to give full independence from political control to the Bank of England.   In his 1997 book, The Grand Chessboard, Zbigniew Brzezinski reveals that Germany is the largest shareholder in the World Bank. When you bear in mind that bankers of the Rothschild bloodline were said to own Germany, "lock, stock and barrel," at the end of World War I, it is not difficult to see who controls the World Bank now.
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  • Le Cercle, British Secret Society    Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • Wikipedia Le Cercle (graphic) is a foreign policy think-tank specializing in international security. Set up after World War II, the group has members from twenty-five countries and meets at least bi-annually, in Washington, D.C. The group's current chairman is  Norman Lamont Wikipedia, and graphic  former British  Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lamont worked at Rothschild's.  Other names: Cercle Violet, Cercle Pinay, The Pinay Circle
      • Link Obama to Rezko to Auchi to the City of London to Rothschild
      • Wikipedia Norman Lamont . (Chairman of Le Cercle graphic) ... is best known for his period serving as Chancellor of the Exchequer Wikipedia, from 1990 until 1993. He was created a life peer in 1998. see LiveJournal  ...Le Cercle membership lists include:  Nadhmi Auchi 1, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Giulio Andreotti, Lord Lamont (Privy Council), and Frank Wisner, Jr., Julian Amery (Privy Council, create Israel),  Jonathan Aitken (Privy Council),   Lord Lamont has been a long time director of N.M. Rothschild and Rothschild Asset Management  Wikispooks His involvement with Le Cercle Wikipedia is covered in detail by The Institute for the Study of Globalization and Covert Politics in a comprehensive study: "Le Cercle and the struggle for the European continent which it subtitles a "Private bridge between Vatican-Paneuropean and Anglo-American intelligence".  GnosticLiberationFront
      • Nadhmi Auchi is a member of Le Cercle   DeepPolitics copy1 Le Cercle was set up by interests tied to the Habsburgs and radical elements in the Vatican. Soon, an important trade representative of the City of London, Sir Peter Tennant, was attracted, and about two decades later British aristocrats, the last three of them Privy Councilors, took over leadership of Le Cercle. Its latest head is a former Rothschild banker. * Just to clarify a bit: the Privy Council, the most senior "advisory body" to the British monarch and the highest organ within the Commonwealth consisting of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, large chunks of southern Africa, 
      • WSWS Total oil in France’s biggest postwar financial scandal, Nadhmi Auchi
      • Go to Rothschilds and BCCI
      1
    • Wikipedia  The Chancellor of the Exchequer  is the title held by the British Cabinet minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters. Often simply called the Chancellor, the office-holder controls HM Treasury and plays a role akin to the posts of Minister of Finance or Secretary of the Treasury in other nations. The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the Prime Minister. It is the only office of the four Great Offices not to have been occupied by a woman. see Wikipedia search Rothschild  and comment ...   The only British visitor I came across turned out to be someone with close connections to the British aristocracy and the Rothschild interests, which certainly isn't unique to the Sun Valley. Sun Valley meetings:  J. Gordon Brown, the participant I'm talking about, is an exceptionally influential Chancellor of the Exchequer, very close to Tony Blair, chairman of the IMF's International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMF's key decision-making committee), member of the Bilderberg Group, and a member of the Privy Council. When Brown came to power as Chancellor of the Exchequer he immediately surprised everyone by giving the Bank of England operational independence from the British government in the conduct of monetary policy, which is very similar to the Federal Reserve of the United States. Brown is a member of the extremely aristocratic Other Club, over the years together with the Duke of Devonshire (Cavendish), the 7th Marquess of Salisbury (Le Cercle), Lord Carrington (Pilgrims Society president), Lord Richardson of Duntisbourne (major Pilgrims Society member), Lord Jacob Rothschild, Lord Rees-Mogg (media disinformation agent with Richard Mellon Scaife through Strategic Investments and Newsmax), Prince Charles, Lord Julian Amery (former head Le Cercle), Lord Kelvedon (Le Cercle), Tony Blair, Sir Edward Heath, Sir Denis Thatcher (husband of), and Winston S. Churchill (grandson of). He also attends meetings of the London-based Institute for Jewish Policy Research (JPR) - the former Institute of Jewish Affairs - of which Lord Jacob Rothschild is honorary president. At times, the institute receives visits from the Israeli ambassador. Lord Rothschild also organized at least one party at J. Gordon Brown's house.
    • Dutroux Affair Billionaire Nadhmi Auchi is widely regarded as a corrupt supporter of Saddam Hussein's regime who got his money from doing deals, especially illegal arms transfers for Saddam. Auchi is a central figure in the U.N. oil-for-food program where both U.S. Congress and a special U.N. investigation are looking into massive corruption and a missing $10 billion. Auchi is a member of Saddam Hussein's inner circle and was tried alongside Saddam Hussein for his involvement in a conspiracy to assassinate an Iraqi prime minister in the 1950s. Auchi used money from military contracts in Iraq to establish close political, business and banking contacts in Britain, Luxembourg, and the U.S. MSNBC (search Aurchi, Bremer, Alaa Al Khawaja, Sherihan Ahmed Abdul Fattah Al Shalaqany Wikipedia Orascom, Elf corruption case,) The Observer has discovered that Auchi met Saddam's number two, Tariq Aziz, as recently as October 2002 at a gala dinner in Beirut. But Auchi also has links with British intelligence, through the former senior MI6 officer Anthony Cavendish (Le Cercle), who acts as a consultant to Auchi's business empire. During the Gulf War II, Auchi was reported to have full run of the palace in the Green Zone and met with "everyone important," including CPA top leader Paul Bremer. Attempts by a French investigating magistrate to have Auchi arrested during corruption inquiries had been blocked by Britain since July 2001. In November 2003, Auchi was honoured by the catholic Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George and the Royal Order of Francis I. In April 2004 he was briefly arrested. In November Auchi , 66, was given a 15-month suspended sentence and fined £1.4m by a French court for receiving illegal commissions to help Elf build an oil refinery in Spain. Despite this setback, Auchi , a British citizen who lives in London, is forging ahead with the rebuilding of Iraq, his birthplace. Lamont is a director of one of Auchi's biggest companies, Compagnie Internationale de Participations Bancaires et Financieres, the financial arm of General Mediterranean Holdings, which holds a stake in BNP Paribas and Jordan's Union Bank for Savings and Investment.
    • Le Cercle members: Turki bin Faisal Al Saud; Adenauer, Konrad (Paneuropa, Military Order of Malta, Opus Dei?); Aitken, Jonathan (MI6, Arms dealer, CIA?); Albertini, Georges (The 61); Amery, Lord Julian (Privy Council, MI6, Other Club); Andreotti, Giulio (head of p-2 lodge? Opus Dei); Auchi, Nadhmi (, arms dealer saddam, financial corruption); Bach, Dr. Franz Josef; Bennett, Sir Erik (Bilderberg); Botta, Colonel; Brzezinski, Zbigniew; Brunello, Monsignor; Burnside, David Wilson Boyd; Casey, William (, Knight of Malta, Opus Dei, CIA); Cavendish, Anthony (MI6 ,mason); Cavendish, Andrew; Cecil, Robert Gascoyne (mason); Channon, Paul; Clark, Alan; Colby, William E. (, CIA Director, Knights of Malta, Opus Dei); Cradock, Sir Percy; Crozier, Brian Rossiter (The 61); Duncan, Alan; Elliot, Nicholas (MI6, The 61, Le Cerlce); Feulner, Edwin J., Jr. (Knights of Malta); Fraser, Charles Alan; Gallois, General Pierre Marie (Bilderberg); Turki bin Faisal Al Saud ( member); Adenauer, Konrad (Paneuropa, , Military Order of Malta, Opus Dei?); Aitken, Jonathan (MI6, Arms dealer, CIA?); Albertini, Georges (The 61); Amery, Lord Julian (Privy Council, MI6, Other Club); Andreotti, Giulio (head of p-2 lodge? Opus Dei); Auchi, Nadhmi (, arms dealer saddam, financial corruption); Bach, Dr. Franz Josef; Bennett, Sir Erik (Bilderberg); Botta, Colonel; Brzezinski, Zbigniew; Brunello, Monsignor; Burnside, David Wilson Boyd; Casey, William (, Knight of Malta, Opus Dei, CIA); Cavendish, Anthony (MI6 ,mason); Cavendish, Andrew; Cecil, Robert Gascoyne (mason); Channon, Paul; Clark, Alan; Colby, William E. (, CIA Director, Knights of Malta, Opus Dei); Cradock, Sir Percy; Crozier, Brian Rossiter (The 61); Duncan, Alan; Elliot, Nicholas (MI6, The 61, Le Cerlce); Feulner, Edwin J., Jr. (Knights of Malta); Fraser, Charles Alan; Gallois, General Pierre Marie (Bilderberg); Gehlen, General Reinhard (Nazi General, ?, Knights of Malta); Gerber, Conrad; Giovanetti, Monsignor Alberto (Opus Dei); Grossouvre, Francois de Habsburg, Otto von (Opus Dei); Hague, William J. (bilderberg);Howard, Michael; Howell, Lord David; Huyn, Count Hans The (61); Iliescu, Ion (KGB); Jameson, Donald "Jamie" F.B. (CIA); Karageorgevitch, Crown Prince Alexander II; Kelly, Crosby M.; Kissinger, Henry Alfred (Shreiner, Bilderberg); Lamont, Lord Norman (Rothschild employee, Privy Council, chair Oil Club); Lowenthal, Gerhard; Luchsinger, Fred; McLean, Neil "Billy" L.D.; Mertes, Dr Alois (Opus Dei); Monnet, Jean Moss, Robert; Munoz, Federico Silva (Opus Dei); Narjes, Karl-Heinz; Nixon, Richard; Pandolfi, Filippo Maria; Pesenti, Carlo II; Pinay, Antoine (Opus Dei); Poher, Alain (Knights of Malta); Qaboos, Sultan; Rockefeller, David; Schuman, Robert; Schwarzkopf, H. Norman; Spinola, Gen. Antonio de Stilwell; Gen. Richard Giles (The 61); Strauss, Franz Josef (Opus dei), Talal, Hussein bin; Tantum, Geoffrey (MI6); Tennant, Sir Peter (SOE (WWII rival of MI6); Twetten, Thomas A. (CIA); Violet, Jean (Opus dei); Violet, Paul; Volcker, Paul A; Wilson, William A. (Knights of Malta)
    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
    • 1935 Le Cercle1  .. and the struggle for the European continent | Membership list Private bridge between Vatican-Paneuropean- and Anglo-American intelligence
    • Sir Evelyn Rothschild was exposed in 2002 for funding Policy Network, the primary think tank for New Labour, which is very pro-Europe (September 22, 2002, Sunday Times, 'Rothschild bankrolls Mandelson think tank'  ,  Scribd membership  BlackVault, Calneeva Bilderberg info
    • Clinton Global Initiative  Wikispooks LeCercle member list, MasterJules, Gnostic Liberation Front   TheRealBarackObama Findtrade

    Empire of the City -- International Banking Fronts    Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • Archive.org Empire of the City The Secret History of British Financial Power    by E. C. Knuth.... read online or download

    • DeepPolitics copy1 The Chicago CFR (CCFR) is a sister organization of the New York-based CFR. At the moment, the chairman of the Chicago CFR is the multibillionaire banker and industrialist Lester Crown. Lester controls the family holdings, including large stakes in Maytag and Bank One, which is part of J.P. Morgan Chase since 2004. In 2000, Crown and Jerry I. Speyer (chair Tishman Speyer, located in Rockefeller Center; CFR; vice chair of the NY Fed; vice chair of the Rockefeller's Museum of Modern Art; chair of the Rockefeller's New York Partnership; director RAND) bought the shares of Rockefeller Center from their partners David Rockefeller, Goldman Sachs, the Agnelli family (1001 Club; Bilderberg; Chase; ERT), and Stavros Niarchos (1001 Club; Onassis family) (65). Crown is also a member of the CFR, vice-chairman of the Aspen Institute, and vice-chairman of the (Chaim) Weizmann Institute of Science. Today's chair of Chatham House (Royal Institute for International Affairs) is Dr. DeAnne Julius, a director of British Petroleum and the banking and insurance giant Lloyds TSB. She was a founding member of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England from 1997 to 2000 and served on the Court of the Bank of England from 2001 to 2004. In addition, Chatham House has three presidents, all Privy Councilors. One of them, Lord Hurd of Westwell, was chairman of the British Invisibles, a group that represents most of the banking houses and multinationals of London

    • OpEdNews  City of London  "England is in fact a financial oligarchy run by the "Crown" which refers to the "City of London" not the Queen. The City of London is run by the Bank of England, a private corporation. The square-mile-large City is a sovereign state located in the heart of greater London. As the 'Vatican of the financial world,' the City is not subject to British law. On the contrary, the bankers dictate to the British Parliament."

    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
    •  

  • Al Gore and Carol Browner both attended college for free via the Rockefeller Foundation scholarship fund, the Rockefellers (Rothschild America) currently are the largest personal donator to AGW  .. Al Gore's daughter married into the Schiff family  and see examples of advisors: Standard Chartered Bank (Africa, Asia and Middle East), Rand Merchant Bank, Macquarie (Australia), Société Générale, BNP Paribas and Calyon, Metzler , Mediobanca, Nomura, Daewoo Securities (South Korea), ABN Amro, Moelis & Company, HDL Capital (Toronto), Portico Capital, and William Blair (United States), Corporate Professional (India), NKS & Company, Company Secretaries.
  • 1994 911Disclosure  Our research indicates that the alleged virtual news network was launched by Maurice Strong in 1994 under the name of Newsworld International in a joint venture with CAI-Carlyle private-equity associates in CIDA, Power Corporation of Canada and CBC/Radio Canada. Wikipedia   In the video at the url below, we expose the pattern of the crime for 911, including your partners' alleged use of a virtual news network to insert live-broadcast snuff films into otherwise unwitting media channels. Google Video
  • 1994 - GripesOnline The globalists realize that as more and more people begin to wake up to what's going on, they have only a limited amount of time in which to implement their policies. Speaking at the United Nations Ambassadors' dinner, David Rockefeller remarks: “This present window of opportunity, during which a truly peaceful and interdependent world order might be built, will not be open for too long.” Notice that he did not question if world order would come - only whether it would arrive peacefully.] He believes: “We are on the verge of a global transformation. All we need is the right major crisis and the nations will accept the New World Order.”
  • 1994 Wikipedia Zbigniew Brzezinski, created Obama
  • 1994 Wikipedia Tony Blair was elected Leader of the Labour Party in the leadership election of July 1994, following the sudden death of his predecessor, John Smith. Under his leadership, the party used the phrases "New Labour" and "New Socialism" to define its policy, and moved away from its support of state socialism since the 1960s and created a new version of the ethical socialism that was last pursued by Clement Attlee. 2] Critics of Blair claim that "New Labour" did not adhere to socialism as claimed, and that it effectively advocated capitalism.  ...  Blair was reported to have been supported by Rupert Murdoch (see Rothschild apparatus), the founder of the News Corporation organisation. 123] In 1995, while leader of the Opposition, Blair disclosed in the Commons register of interests that he was a guest of Murdoch when he flew to meet him in Hayman Island. 124] In 2011 Blair became Godfather to one of Rupert Murdoch's children.
  • 1995
  • 1995: AwakenedRepublic Former atomic energy scientist, Dr Kitty Little claims the Rothschilds now control 80% of the world’s uranium supplies giving them a monopoly over nuclear power.
  • 1995 EIR In December 1995, the "Jerusalem" freemasonic lodge was established, adjacent to the Temple Mount, in the Grotto of King Solomon, to work for the rebuilding of Solomon's Temple. The lodge worked side by side with the on-the-ground networks of Jewish and Christian fundamentalist fanatics, to foment a bloody religious war over the control of the Temple Mount. That such a lodge would be founded shortly after the Israel-Palestine peace breakthroughs at Oslo--and just weeks after the assassination of Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, an architect of that peace--is surely no coincidence. The Jerusalem Lodge was founded by the Grand Master of Italian Regular Freemasonry, Giuliano di Bernardo, the right-hand man of Lord Northampton on the Temple Mount project.  Di Bernardo also let slip that Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith director Abe Foxman is a collaborator in the Temple Mount project.  Another key figure, whose work has dovetailed with the Quatuor Coronati activities on Temple Mount, is the Dutch-born architect Leen Ritmeyer, who received his doctorate from Manchester University in England on the design of Solomon's Temple. Ritmeyer's work in Israel, in which he claims to have discovered the resting place of the lost Ark of the Covenant inside the Dome of the Rock, has been almost wholly financed by Lord Jacob Rothschild, the son of the late Lord Victor Rothschild, and the head of Rothschild Investment Trust. search terms: Club of Isles, Royal Consort, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, British Israelism, lost tribes, Satanic rituals of Aleister Crowley, Golden Dawn cult, Ars Quatuor Coronarum, The Temple of Solomon the King, Temple Mount, Yitzhak Rabin, Giuliano di Bernardo, Lord Northampton, Jewish Cabbalism, Leen Ritmeyer (financed by Jacob Rothschild), Dallas Theological Seminary, Darbyite movement, Stanley Goldfoot, Stern Gang, Chuck Missler, Koinonia House, (destruction of Islamic sites),
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  • Timeline continued below
  • 1995 - GripesOnline U.N. delegates meet in Copenhagen, Denmark, to discuss various methods for imposing global taxes on the people of the world.
  • 1995 LaRouchePub Ten to twelve pivotal companies, assisted by another three dozen, run the world’s food supply. They are the key components of the Anglo-Dutch-Swiss food cartel, which is grouped around Britain’s House of Windsor. Led by the six leading grain companies—Cargill, Continental, Louis Dreyfus, Bunge and Born, André, and Archer Daniels Midland/Töpfer—the Windsor-led food and raw materials cartel has complete domination over world cereals and grains supplies, from wheat to corn and oats, from barley to sorghum and rye. But it also controls meat, dairy, edible oils and fats, fruits and vegetables, sugar, and all forms of spices.
  • 1995 Christopher Story  1 Wikipedia  was a British writer, publisher and government adviser specialising in intelligence and economic affairs, who is best known for his collaboration with KGBdefector Anatoliy Golitsyn on the 1995 book The Perestroika Deception. Christopher Story, the son of Colonel Henry Harle Story MC of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 2] was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, and then worked as an industrial writer in Canada. In 1963, he formed his own publishing company specialising in intelligence and founded World Reports Limited in 1963. 3] Since 1970, he has edited and published International Currency Review, 4] which includes the World Bank, the Federal Reserve, and the Bank of England amongst its subscribers. 5]
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP    NFU
  • 1995GripesOnline “Popular Science” magazine describes a top secret U.S. Navy installation called HAARP (High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) in the state of Alaska. This project beams powerful radio energy into the earth's upper atmosphere. One of the goals of the program is to develop the capability of "manipulating local weather" using the techniques developed by Bernard Eastlund. The program has been underway since 1990.]  Haarp-BAE  AMEC BP Acergy HAARP  (2003) BAE purchased HAARP from Raytheon. Gillibrand was Chairman of BAE  (2005) Raytheon was awarded $300 Million Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System contract from NOAA’s National Weather Service through 2014.  BAE Systems Software was selected for 3D Mapping Project for airports.  FT  Rothschilds have taken 70% stake in the WeatherChannel.  The deal comes almost three years after Bain Capital, Blackstone and NBC Universal bought Weather Channel for $3.2bn. see Peter Mason 1 (Rothshild)  and Truth Fukishima photos and video HAARP effects
  • 1995  An Abrahamic Jew Is A Zionist. A Jew Financed By Teutonic Zionists, Is Himself A Teutonic Zionist. Teutonic Zionists are the father of NWO and seated as The City Of London’s Banking Cartel with The British Monarchy as its head piece for attempting centralization of all world finances. They were the ones who purchased Israel for the Abrahamic Jews only to be exploited by taxation by the Monarchy. The Abrahamic Jews revolted and kicked the British out ( Much Like America had to do with the British in 1776). The Queen of England (and or any other so called royalty) are still forbidden to walk on Jewish soil. Think of (Teutonic Zionists as Liberals/democrats/rinos) and think of (Abrahamic Zionist as Conservatives).   1995 assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1995: IAmTheWitness Former atomic energy scientist, Dr Kitty Little claims the Rothschilds now control 80% of the world’s uranium supplies giving them a monopoly over nuclear power.  The Defense Investigative Service circulates a memo warning US military contractors that,  "Israel aggressively collects (US) military and industrial technology." The report stated that Israel obtains information using, "ethnic targeting, financial aggrandizement, and identification and exploitation of individual frailties," of US citizens.
  • 1995 Wikipedia Dutroux Affair Marc Dutroux, Belgian serial killer case (very similar to Franklin Scandal Omaha1 cover-up) kidnapped, tortured and sexually abused six girls during 1995 and 1996, search terms: dungeons, Justice Minister Melchior Wathelet, victims: Lijeune, Russo.  Protests 'White March', accomplice Michel Nihoul, 11
  • 1995 TriGranit Nathaniel Rothschild is the Co-chairman of Atticus Capital LLC, an international investment management firm established in 1995  Mr. Rothschild is Chairman of JNR Limited,   ...  Sándor Demján is one of the founders and the Chairman of TriGránit Development Corporation. In 1976, he started and directed Skála, the first Hungarian cooperative department store and in 1986 Mr. Demján founded and became the inaugural President of the first commercial bank in Hungary, the Hungarian Credit Bank. In 1990 he established the Central European Development Corporation (CEDC) in cooperation with Andrew Sarlós, Ronald Lauder, Mark Palmer and Peter Munk.  and 1   Breakup of Soviet Union, Adnan Khashoggi, links to 9/11  and see SuperYacht Marinas  Located in the heart of Europe’s “southernmost fjord” is Porto Montenegro, a development spearheaded by Canadian gold-mining entrepreneur Peter Munk in partnership with a consortium of international entrepreneurs (and yacht owners) that includes Lord Jacob Rothschild, Nathaniel Rothschild, Bernard Arnault, Oleg Deripaska and Sandor Demjan. Now entering its second year of operation, the project is transforming a defunct naval dockyard in Tivat into a state-of-the-art marina and residential community.  Scribd Nathaniel Rothschild owns 15% of Trigranit
  • 1996 PacificRim You may vaguely remember the rise of the Oligarchs in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It was said that these few young men became the richest men in the world when then bought and controlled huge portions of the natural resources and industries in the former Soviet Union for pennies on the dollar. We were told that they were lucky, smart or cunning. The reality was that they were merely front men for a much larger power. Young men like Mikhail Khordorkovsky went from obscurity to owning the Russian equivalent of Exxon Mobil in a few years. For years these Oligarchs controlled Russia with their wealth and mob like tactics. Finally, when Vladimir Putin wrestled control of Russia from the Oligarchs it became apparent that the power was never with the Oligarchs, but the Rothschilds. When Vladimir Putin imprisoned Mikhail Khordorkovsky it was reveled that Jacob Rothschild was the real owner of Yukos.
  • 1996: IAmTheWitness A General Accounting Office report, "Defense Industrial Security: Weaknesses in US Security Arrangements With Foreign-Owned Defense Contractors," found that according to intelligence sources, "Country A," (identified by intelligence sources as Israel, Washington Times, 22 February 1996), "conducts the most aggressive espionage operation against the United States of any US ally." A pdf file of the report is here: GAO  An unformated text version is here:  FAS   The Jerusalem Post (30 August 1996) quoted the report, "“Classified military information and sensitive military technologies are high-priority targets for the intelligence agencies of this country." The report described, "An espionage operation run by the intelligence organization responsible for collecting scientific and technologic information for (Israel) paid a US government employee to obtain US classified military intelligence documents." The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (Shawn L. Twing, April 1996) noted that this was,   "a reference to the 1985 arrest of Jonathan Pollard, a civilian US naval intelligence analyst who provided Israel's LAKAM espionage agency an estimated 800,000 pages of classified US intelligence information." WashingtonReport  The GAO report also noted that, "Several citizens of (Israel) were caught in the United States stealing sensitive technology used in manufacturing artillery gun tubes."  An Office of Naval Intelligence document, "Worldwide Challenges to Naval Strike Warfare" reported that,  "US technology has been acquired (by China) through Israel in the form of the Lavi fighter and possibly SAM (surface-to-air) missile technology." Jane's Defense Weekly (28 February 1996) noted that, "until now, the intelligence community has not openly confirmed the transfer of US technology (via Israel) to China." The report noted that this, "represents a dramatic step forward for Chinese military aviation." (Flight International, 13 March 1996). Amschel Rothschild, 41, is strangled with the heavy cord of his own towel robe in his hotel room in Paris. French Prime Minister orders the French Police to close their investigation, and, Rupert Murdoch, born of a Jewish mother and so a Jew by Ashkenazi standards, instructs his editors and news managers around the world to report it as a heart attack, if they need to report it at all.
  • 1996 DailyMail ... one of Nat Rothschild's cousins, Amschel, hanged himself at the age of 41. Four years later, another cousin, Raphael de Rothschild, died in Manhattan from a heroin overdose. He was just 23.
  • 1996-7 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline ISBC papers given to Israeli PM
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index    TOP  NFU
  • 1997 WideShut The tentacles that the private banking cartels have spread around the globe are so interconnected with the entire economy and power structure that the Governments that are now in power are only puppets to the banks. There aren’t any true leaders left and probably very few that understand the system. After all they are more than happy to skim off the top in their expense accounts as hit the headlines in 2009. Gordon Brown the Prime Minister of England as of writing, granted the Bank of England operational independence to set interest rates in 1997 and sold all of the country’s gold overseas at knockdown prices before the economic crisis. You can see that they don’t much care about the situation.
  • Connect London, Chicago and Obama to 9/11   Top

    Summary    via Rothschild, Defense Policy Board  Alphabetic index                      

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
     Pilgrim Society Trilateral Kissinger Norman Lamont Lord Carrington Atlantic Council Le Cercle
    • Wikipedia Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee  ... is a federal advisory committee to the United States Department of Defense.  ...  Richard Perle was the chairman of the committee during the initial years of the George W. Bush administration.  ...  was an influence in the decision to go to war in Iraq, and Jack Keane was instrumental in the implementation of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007. The War Profit Machine  ... these people all lied about the WMD in Iraq and are perpetuating the lies about 9/11 and the WTC, Pentagon, Pennsylvania...and they are still at it with Barack Obama...

    • Ashton Carter Wikipedia, and Paul Kaminiski Wikipedia of GTP were members of the Defense Policy Board.  Defense.gov, GTP, LLC

    • Henry Kissinger was a member of the Defense Policy Board in 1997 Defense.gov

    • GTP is an exclusive agent of 1Rothschild North America ...PRNewswire  Global Financial Advisory team is led by Nigel Higgins, Olivier Pécoux and Jim Lawrence. Chairman David de Rothschild  Deputy Chairman Gerald Rosenfeld1 , Deputy Chairman, Global Investment Banking Christopher Lawrence   see IWatchtheNews from Center for Public Integrity

    • 1997 GTP-LLC Global Technology Partners founded in 1997 by William J. Perry, the 19th Secretary of Defense, specializes in providing advice in the areas of Defense, ... members include Ashton Carter, Paul Kaminsky   William Perry, founded Global Technology Partners to help equity firms invest in defense, aerospace and technology companies, after he left office. The group advises Donaldson, Lufkin and Jenrette's Merchant Banking Partners...which was bought by Credit Suisse Wikipedia  They gained this dominance in both underwriting and trading by astutely picking up most of the expertise from Drexel Burnham Lambert (see Rothschild connection) after its demise in the late 1980s. ...  Notable alumni include Daniel Scotto — Former Director of Research at Bear Stearns, DLJ, Rothschild, and S&P.

    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
    • 2011 Defense.gov  members: Defense Policy Board: Madeleine Albright, former secretary of state; Jamie Gorelick, former deputy attorney general; Jane Harman, former U.S. congresswoman; Retired Gen. James Cartwright, former vice chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff; Retired Adm. Gary Roughead, former chief of naval operations.  ...  These members join the following returning members: John Hamre, chairman; Harold Brown; J.D. Crouch; Richard Danzig; Rudy deLeon, Chuck Hagel; Retired Gen. Jack Keane; Henry Kissinger; Frank Miller; John Nagl; Sam Nunn; Joseph Nye; William Perry; James Schlesinger; Brent Scowcroft; Sarah Sewall; and Retired Gen. Larry Welch. 1go to more Obama advisor

    • see CNAS Center of a New American Security (sure sounds like PNAC) The New Republic, Rachel Maddow (Rhodes Scholar) interview with John Nagl Defense.gov Defense Policy Board   ...  14 former CNAS hands have landed jobs inside Obama’s Pentagon and State Department.

    • Wikipedia list of British Think Tanks   Atlantic Partnership member list

    • 2009 Defense.gov Ashton Carter served as Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics from April 2009 until October 2011  see also PRNewswire  Rothschild announced today the formation of a strategic alliance with Global Technology Partners, LLC, a specialized group of professionals, including former U.S. Secretary of Defense William Perry...  Gerald Rosenfeld1, Chief Executive Officer of Rothschild North America,   Dr. William J. Perry is a Senior Partner and the Chairman of Global Technology Partners, LLC. Dr. Perry served as the U.S. Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1997,  Dr. John M. Deutch is a Senior Partner of Global Technology Partners served as Director of Central Intelligence for the U.S. and was in charge of the Central Intelligence Agency. He had previously served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1995 and Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisitions and Technology from 1993 to 1994.  Wikipedia Dr Ashton Carter served as a member of the Defense Science Board from 1991–1993 and 1997–2001, the Defense Policy Board from 1997–2001, and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice’s International Security Advisory Board from 2006-2008. In 1997, Dr. Carter co-chaired the Catastrophic Terrorism Study Group with former CIA Director John M. Deutch, which urged greater attention to terrorism. Dr. Deutch serves as a director of Ariad Pharmaceutical, Citigroup. CMS Energy, Cummins Engine, Raytheon Corporation and Schlumberger Ltd. and GTP-LLC  and SourceWatch GTP    In-Q-Tel

    • 2012 RedactedNews Ashton Carter,Obama’s New 2nd in Command at DOD: Ashton Carter – CFR, Aspen Group, Goldman Sachs…Connects to 911 False Flag Carter worked directly with Philip Zelikow who oversaw the 9/11 Whitewash Commission that covered up the truth about the events of 9/11. Here are some of Carter’s connections and affiliations: Senior Partner at Global Technology Partners ( GTP’s partners have collectively served as Secretary of Defense, Director of Central Intelligence, Deputy Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget, Deputy Secretary of Defense (three times), Deputy Secretary of Energy, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology (three times), Assistant Secretary of Defense (three times), Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, and Director of the National Reconnaissance Office.)  see also WhoDidIt 9/11,

    • 2010 Dealbook The Rothschild Group said on Thursday that it has named Jim Lawrence as its chief executive for Rothschild North America, as the global firm seeks to bolster its practice here.  Mr. Lawrence, a founder of L.E.K. Consulting, will also become a co-head of global investment banking for Rothschild, alongside Nigel Higgins and Olivier Pecoux in Europe.  Two of Rothschild North America’s top bankers, Christopher Lawrence and David Resnick, will add new titles as well.

    • 2011 TheHill President Obama will soon nominate Pentagon acquisition executive Ashton Carter to become deputy Defense secretary, the White House announced Tuesday.   (grandson of Yonah Fischer Antwerp diamond merchant who ran Zionist Federation of Belgium)  and see

    • 1999 CIA In-Q-Tel has intimate relationship with William Perry, Global Technology Partners, exclusive agent of Rothschild North America.  In-Q-Tel Board of Directors of In-Q-Tel: In-Q-Tel Board of Trustees include Lee Ault, Chairman, former Chairman and CEO of Telecredit, Inc; Norman Augustine (Wikipedia), former Chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin Corporation; John Seely Brown, Chief Scientist, Xerox Corporation and President, Xerox PARC Research Center; Michael Crow, Executive Vice Provost of Columbia University; Stephen Friedman, Senior Principal of Marsh & McLennan Capital, Inc., and former Chairman of Goldman Sachs and Co; Paul Kaminski, President and CEO of Technovations, Inc., Senior Partner in Global Technology Partners, and former Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology; Jeong Kim, President of Carrier Network, part of the Lucent Technologies Group, and former founder of Yurie Systems; John McMahon, consultant to Lockheed-Martin Corporation, former President and CEO of Lockheed Missile and Space Company, and former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence; Alex Mandl, Chairman and CEO of Teligent and former President and CEO of AT&T; William Perry (Wikipedia), Former Secretary of Defense and currently Berberian Professor at Stanford University.  and Wikipedia "In-Q-Tel" principles include  Christopher A. R. Darby, President/CEO, Bruce Adams, Secretary, Michael M. Crow,  Chairman, Paul G. Kaminiski (Wikipedia), Director, Jeong H. Kim, Director  and see Endrtimes

    • The Carnigie Endowment Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative EASI.  Principles include Sam Nunn, Robert Legvold, Desmond Browne.UK, John Kerr.UK,

    • Wikipedia John Hamre, CSIS Dr. Hamre (a Republican) worked on the Obama transition team. He is chairman of the Defense Policy Board  1 Link Hamre to Obama to Rothschild via Field Marshal The Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank GCB LVO OBE ... is a Director of N M ...  Rothschild & Sons Limited; 1  see Gold-Silver.us

    • 2010 European Institute principles include: Yves-André Istel Senior Advisor, Rothschild, Inc. Co-Chair of the Board of Directors, The European Institute,Jacqueline Grapin Founder and Co-Chair of the Board of Directors, The European Institute, The Honorable John Bruton Chairman, Ambassador Günter Burghardt, Dr. Bertrand Collomb, The Honorable Jacques Delors, Dr. R. Michael Gadbaw, Ambassador C. Boyden Gray, Ambassador Robert Hunter, Francine Lamoriello, Diony Lebot, The Honorable T. Allan McArtor, Oliver Moss, Mark Orr, Neil Planzer, Francis Blanchard, Albert D. Bourland, Sir Jeffery H. Bowman, Philippe Giscard d'Estaing, The Honorable Abraham Katz David Maxwell, Ambassador Herbert S. Okun, Ursula Seiler-Albring, The Honorable Simone Veil, The Honorable Peter D. Sutherland, The Honorable Robert B. Zoellick, The Honorable William A. Nitze, Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Danielle Aguto, Frédéric Badey, Cynthia Braddon, Nova Daly, James F. Dobbins, Dr. Zdenek Drabek, Robert H. Dugger, The Honorable J. Edward Fox, Dr. Michael Haltzel, Kathryn Karol, Francis J. Kelly, Rolland Langley, Clay Lowery, Dr. Eric D. K. Melby, Sean P. Murphy, Christian Nadal, Dr. Michael R. Nelson, Peter A. Peyser, Robert Siegel Host, Jose Toscano, Franklin Vargo, Enzo Viscusi, Richard Weiner

    • 2010 July Global Research David Ray Griffin Left-Leaning Despisers of the 9/11 Truth Movement: Do You Really Believe in Miracles? Left gatekeepers: Noam Chomsky, Mathew Rothschild, Chris Hays, Terry Allen, Alexander Cockburn, David Corn, George Monbiot, Matt Taibbi

    • 2010 InsideFacebook Facebook executives Mark Zuckerberg, Founder and CEO  Matt Cohler, VP of Strategy and Business Operations  profile) Adam D’Angelo, VP and CTO  Dustin Moskovitz, Co-founder and VP of Engineering  Chamath Palihapitiya, VP of Product Marketing and Operations  Owen Van Natta, VP and Chief Revenue Officer  Gideon Yu, VP and CFO  Chris Kelly, VP of Corporate Development, Chief Privacy Officer, General Counsel  profile) Dan Rose, VP of Business Development  Rudy Gadre, VP and General Counsel  Mike Murphy, VP of Media Sales  Jeff Rothschild, VP of Technology  Current Facebook Board of Directors Peter Thiel, Managing Partner at The Founders Fund  Jim Breyer, Partner at Accel Partners  David Sze, Partner at Greylock Partners  profile) Paul Madera, Managing Director at Meritech Capital Partners  Additional Facebook Co-founders Andrew McCollum  Eduardo Saverin  Chris Hughes  Former Facebook Executives Sean Parker  Mike Sheridan   and see WhoOwnsFacebook  and Freedom-won Facebook funding can be traced back to the CIA throught Accel Partners, In-Q-Tel, James Breyer, formerly of Northern Venture Capital, on board with Gilman Louie, CEO of In-Q-Tel, see also Anita Jones of DARPA, (ran Information Awareness Office) Visible Technologies monitors the internet.

    • Wikipedia Joseph Nye, Dr. Nye is North American chairman of the Trilateral Commission, serves on the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations, and is a member of the Board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Dr. Nye is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Academy of Diplomacy; a Senior Fellow of the Aspen Institute and Director of the Aspen Strategy Group; and a Fellow of the British Academy. In addition, he is a director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a member of the advisory committee of the Institute of International Economics, and the American representative on the United Nations Advisory Committee on Disarmament Affairs.....    and Trilateral.org Chairman North America Trilateral Commission  Deputy Chairman: Allan E. Gotlieb Senior Adviser, Bennett Jones LLP, Toronto; Chairman, Sotheby's, Canada; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States Deputy Chairman: Jaime Serra Chairman, SAI Law and Economics; Founder, Aklara, the Arbitration Center of Mexico, and the NAFTA Fund of Mexico, Mexico City North American Director: Michael J. O'Neil Former North American Chairmen: Thomas S. Foley (2001-2008) Paul A. Volcker (1991-2001) Honorary North American Chairman  bhisymposia

    • Sheila A. Penrose, Chairman of the Board Jones Lang LaSalle, website The Boston Consulting Group, Northern Trust Corporation, University of Birmingham in England, London School of Economics, Stanford Graduate School of Business;  Colin Dyer President and Chief Executive Officer Jones Lang LaSalle, WorldWide Retail Exchange, CEO of Courtaulds Textiles, Managing Director of the Dutch retail chain, GDL, McKinsey & Company in Amsterdam, INSEAD, Imperial College in London; Hugo Bagué Group Executive Rio Tinto (United Kingdom), Hewlett Packard Corporation, University of Ghent in Belgium; Darryl Hartley-Leonard Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hyatt Hotels Corporation,LaSalle Hotel Properties, holds a B.A. from Blackpool Lancashire College of Lancaster University and an honorary doctorate of business administration from Johnson and Wales University; DeAnne Julius Chairman Royal Institute of International Affairs, She is the Chairman of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, also known as Chatham House, was previously a founding member of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England and was the Chief Economist at each of British Airways and Royal Dutch Shell, World Bank, and a consultant to the International Monetary Fund, Roche Holding AG, Deloitte UK, member of the board of directors of BP PLC; Ming Lu Partner KKR & Co., L.P. Wuhan University of Hydro Electrical Engineering in China and an M.B.A. from the University of Leuven in Belgium; Lauralee E. Martin senior management positions with General Electric Credit Corporation. Thomas C. Theobald Partner and Senior Advisor Chicago Growth Capital Partners LLC Mr. Theobald has been a Director of Jones Lang LaSalle since July 1997. He has served as a Partner and Senior Advisor at Chicago Growth Capital Partners LLC,  he served as a Managing Director at William Blair Capital Partners. From July 1987 to August 1994, Mr. Theobald was Chairman of Continental Bank Corporation. He currently serves on the boards of directors of Ambac Financial Group, on the board of directors of Anixter International, a supplier of electrical equipment. Mr. Theobald holds an A.B. from the College of the Holy Cross and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.  CivicCommittee

    • Ashton Carter Dr. Carter is currently a Senior Partner at Global Technology Partners and a member of the Board of Trustees of the MITRE Corporation, and the Advisory Boards of MIT's Lincoln Laboratories and the Draper Laboratory. He is a consultant to Goldman, Sachs and Mitretek Systems on international affairs and technology matters, and speaks frequently to business and policy audiences. Dr. Carter is also a member of the Aspen Strategy Group, the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Physical Society, the International Institute of Strategic Studies, and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations.

    • Dr. John Nagl is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Center for a New American Security and the Minerva Research Fellow at the U.S. Naval Academy as part of the Department of Defense Minerva Initiative program. He was previously the President of CNAS. He is also a member of the Defense Policy Board, a Visiting Professor in the War Studies Department at Kings College of London, a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Veterans of Foreign Wars and a member of the International Institute of Strategic Studies. Dr. Nagl has testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Commission on Wartime Contracting and served on the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review Independent Panel (the Hadley/Perry Commission). He sits on the advisory boards of Mission Essential Personnel, the Spirit of America and the Journal of the Royal United Services Institute. Dr. Nagl is also a member of the Joint Force Quarterly Advisory Committee, a Young Leader of the French-American Foundation and the American Council on Germany and a member of the Diplomatic Finnish Sauna Society of Washington.

    • The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), is the NSA counterpart in Britain

    • Trilateral Commission member list1

  • 1997: IAmTheWitness An Army mechanical engineer, Ashkenazi Jew, David A. Tenenbaum, "inadvertently," gives classified military information on missile systems and armored vehicles to Israeli officials (New York Times, 20 February 1997). The Washington Post reports US intelligence has intercepted a conversation in which two Israeli officials had discussed the possibility of getting a confidential letter that then-Secretary of State Warren Christopher had written to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.  One of the Israelis, identified only as, “Dov,” had commented that they may get the letter from, “Mega,” the code name for Israel’s top agent inside the United States.   US ambassador to Israel, Martin Indyk, complains privately to the Israeli government about heavy-handed surveillance by Israeli intelligence agents.  Israeli agents place a tap on Ashkenazi Jew and daughter of a Rabbi, Monica Lewinsky’s, phone at the Watergate and record phone sex sessions between her and President Bill Clinton. The Ken Starr report confirms that Clinton warned Lewinsky their conversations were being taped and ended the affair. Interestingly, at the same time, the FBI’s hunt for, "Mega," is called off. On 29 October Edmond de Rothschild dies in Geneva. Interestingly on the exact same day Anton Szandor LaVey, the founder of the Church of Satan also dies, who in his book, "Satan Speaks," he states in relation to The Protocols Of The Elders Of Zion, "The first time I read the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, my instinctive reaction was, So what's wrong with THAT? Isn't that the way any master plan should work? Doesn't the public deserve - nay, demand - such despotism?" Kofi Annan becomes Secretary General to the United Nations. He is married to Nane Lagergren, a Rothschild, who he wed in 1984. 1998: The European Central Bank is set up in Frankfurt, the city from which the Rothschilds originate.
  • 1997 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline PNAC papers released (same authors and rhetoric as all the other papers)
  • 1997 Wikipedia Vernon Jordan 1 ... Since January 2000, Jordan has been Senior Managing Director with Lazard Freres & Co. LLC, (Michel David-Weill owns Lazard Wikipedia regretted hiring Bruce Wasserstein) an investment banking firm. He is also a member of the board of directors of multiple corporations, including American Express, J.C. Penney Corporation, Xerox, Asbury Automotive Group and the Dow Jones & Company. He is formerly a member of the board of directors of Revlon, Sara Lee, Corning and RJR Nabisco during 1989 leveraged buy-out fight between RJR Nabisco CEO F. Ross Johnson and Henry R. Kravis and his company KKR. A close friend of Jordan was the late Xerox tycoon Charles Peter McColough, who convinced Jordan to join the Board of Trustees at Xerox. McColough served as a mentor and friend of Jordan's until McColough's death. In the 2004 presidential campaign, Jordan led debate preparation and negotiation efforts on behalf of John Kerry, the Democratic nominee for President. That year he was elected president of the Economic Club of Washington. In 2006, Jordan served as a member of the Iraq Study Group, which was formed to make recommendations on the U.S. policy in Iraq. He helped Monica Lewinsky after the Clinton impeachment proceedings. Time Jordan's chief role in the Lewinsky scandal and eventual impeachment was that he at one point was tasked with finding Monica Lewinsky a job in New York City.    go to Jordan / FirstMark / Lauder Valerie Jarrett is link between Obama and Lynn Forester de Rothschild, Wikipedia  Vernon Jordan 1 is on the board of her FirstMark Communications company.  Jordan joined Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, in 1982)  and Observer Jordan  ... see Ford Foundation president Franklin Thomas.
  • Go to Connect Vernon Jordan / Wasserstein / Lazard / Rothschild  and see Valerie Jarrett ties to Thomas Ayers 1
  • 1997 The London Financial Times in its Thursday, January 30, 1997 edition, revealed the extent of the gold trading taking place daily through the London Bullion Marketing Association (LBMA). The LBMA is run predominantly by the house of N. M. Rothschild. "Deals involving about 30 million troy ounces, or 930 tonnes, of gold valued at more than $10 billion are cleared every working day in London,  Mr. Jeffrey Rhodes, of Standard Bank, London, said the 30m ounces should be 'multiplied by three, and possibly five, to give the full scope of the global market.
  • 1997 Stormfront The 99 year British lease on Hong Kong expired in July 1999 allowing the Red Chinese to take over. Hundreds of newspaper stories and TV reports have covered this event but not one revealed how England first gained control of Hong Kong! The truth lies buried in the family line of David Sassoon, "The Rothschilds of The Far East," and their monopoly over the opium trade. Britain won Hong Kong by launching the opium Wars to give the Sassoons exclusive rights to drug an entire nation!   ...David Sassoon was born in Baghdad, Iran in 1792. His father, Saleh Sassoon, was a wealthy banker and the treasurer to Ahmet Pasha, the governor of Baghdad. (Thus making him the "court Jew" - a highly influential position.) In 1829 Ahmet was overthrown due to corruption and the Sassoon family fled to Bombay, India.  This was the strategic trade route to interior India and the gateway to the Far East. In a brief time the British government granted Sassoon "monopoly rights" to all manufacture of cotton goods, silk and most important of all - Opium - then the most addictive drug in the world!  ...   The Jewish Encyclopedia of 1905, states that Sassoon expanded his opium trade into China and Japan. He placed his eight sons in charge of the various major opium exchanges in China. According to the 1944 Jewish Encyclopedia: "He employed only Jews in his business, and wherever he sent them he built synagogues and schools for them. He imported whole families of fellow Jews. . . and put them to work."    ...   Solomon Sassoon moved to Hong Kong and ran the family business there until his death in 1894. Later, the entire family moved to England because with modern communications they could operate their financial empire from their luxurious estates in London. They socialized with royalty and Edward Albert. Sassoon married Aline Caroline de Rothschild in 1887 which linked their fortune with that of the Rothschilds. The Queen also had Edward knighted. All 14 of the grandsons of David Sassoon were made officers during World War One and thus most were able to avoid combat.  Wikipedia David Sassoon  Although David Sassoon did not speak English, he became a naturalised British citizen in 1853. He kept the dress and manners of the Baghdadi Jews, but allowed his sons to adopt English manners. His son, Abdullah changed his name to Albert, moved to England, became a Baronet and married into the Rothschild family. All the Sassoons of Europe are said to be descendants of David Sassoon.  and BobTuskin Throughout the 19th century the British families of Matheson, Keswick, Swire, Dent, Inchcape, Baring and Rothschild controlled the Chinese heroin traffic. The Inchcape’s and Baring’s Peninsular & Orient Steam Navigation Company (PONC) transported the dope around the world. When a British subject named Mohandas Ghandi spoke out against the opium trade in 1921, he was jailed by India’s British rulers for “undermining the revenue”. and * Like the present 'royal family,' Palmerston made a pretense of being a Christian but was in fact a servant of Satan. Many satanists became leaders of British aris- tocracy and made immense fortunes out of the China opium trade. I learned from the papers in the museum named after Victoria that she changed the name of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in 1885 in order to break away from the Catholic connection of the Order's founder, Peter Gerard, and renamed it the "Protestant Most Venerable Order of Jerusalem." Membership was open to every oligarchical family that had made its fortune in the China opium trade and every thoroughly decadent family received place in the 'new order.' Many of these venerable gentlemen were responsible for overseeing the prohibition era in the United States from Canada, where several of its members supplied the whisky ferried to the United States. Notable among this group was Committee of 300 member Earl Haig, who gave his whisky franchise to old Joe Kennedy. Both prohibition and the distilleries who met the demand for alcohol were creations of the British Crown acting through the Committeemen of 300
  • 1998 History of the Money Changers The IMF eliminate food and fuel subsidies for the poor in Indonesia. At the same time the IMF soaked up tens of billions of dollars to save Indonesia's financiers or rather the international banks from whom they had borrowed. A document leaks out of the World Bank, called, "Master Plan for Brazil." In it it spells out five requirements to ensure a flexible public sector workforce. These are as follows: Reduce Salary/Benefits Reduce Pensions Increase Work Hours Reduce Job Stability Reduce Employment 1999 In Brazil, Rio's privatized electric company named, "Rio Light," is responsible for repeated blackouts in neighborhoods. The company blames the weather in the Pacific Ocean for the blackouts, when Rio is on the Atlantic. The blackouts wouldn't have anything to do with the fact that after privatization Rio Light axed 40% of the company's workforce would it? No problem for Rio Light, as a result of that their share price went up 33%.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP   NFU
  • 1998-2003  NFU / Leagate Scoop  - 1998 - McCain was a co-sponsor of the Iraq Liberation Act that led to the creation of a false intelligence factory that replaced CIA Iraq reporting. He led charges in the Senate about Iraqi WMD programs that U.S. intelligence was reporting didn’t exist. ....  John McCain enthusiastically espoused the delusion about cheap and easy Middle East wars, and sponsored Ahmed Chalabi’s Iraqi National Congress (I.N.C.) organization, even though the CIA had cut it off for producing faulty intelligence.
  • 1998 Wikipedia Kim Jong-un attended the public school “Liebefeld Steinhölzli” in Köniz near Bern under the name “Pak-un” or “Un-pak” from 1998 until 2000 as the son of an employee of the Embassy of North Korea.  ...  The ambassador of North Korea in Switzerland, Ri Tcheul, had a close relationship with him and acted as a mentor
  • Rothschild Octopus 6  Hartmann / Rappaport 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 1 Looting of Russia, 1990's to fund 9/11 Rothschild Banks McCain / Keating Five Hartmann / Rappaport background Iran Contra / Rappaport Funding the Afghan Mujahideen BCCI 1
  • 1998, TheVertigo Russian investigators traced a $300,000 ransom payment from the Bank of New York, which opened up the Bank of New York/Russian Mafiya bank scandal. This scandal would later be shown to be connected to the Swiss banks and the Deutsche Bank. “The plundering exemplified in the BNY case is of an immense magnitude, ...in a report prepared by Fitch IBCA, an international credit rating agency, that estimated a total of $136 billion was taken out of all of Russia between 1993 and 1998. this ... lined the pockets of the new Russian kleptocracy, but also flowed into the coffers of US and European financial institutions. (The BNY case may well involve a number of major European banks. On Tuesday, the Wall Street Journal, citing sources familiar with the investigation, said that Credit Suisse, Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS), Dresdner Bank, Westdeutsche Landesbank and Banque Internacionale of Luxembourg are being scrutinized for their role in the matter.)” Bank of New York probe exposes ties between Western financiers and Russian Mafia, World Socialist Website, James Brookfield, 8/27/ 1999] It is of significant note that two primary owner-investors in two of the key banks involved in the Russian money laundering scandal were Bruce Rappaport, a Swiss- Israeli banker who was involved with Khashoggi and George Bush Sr. in the Iran- Contra, October Surprise and BCCI scandals, and Dr. Alfred Hartmann. “…what has never been identified in a single major Western press investigation was that the Rothschild group was at the heart of the vast illegal web of BCCI. The key figure was Dr. Alfred Hartmann, the managing director of the BCCI Swiss subsidiary, Banque de Commerce et de Placement SA; at the same time, he ran the Zurich Rothschild Bank AG, and sat in London as a member of the board of N.M. Rothschild and Sons, Hartmann was also a business partner of Helmut Raiser, friend of de Picciotto, and linked to Nordex. Hartmann was also chairman of the Swiss affiliate of the Italian BNL bank, which was implicated in the Bush administration illegal transfers to Iraq prior to the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. The Atlanta branch of BNL, with the knowledge of George Bush when he was vice president, conduited funds to Helmut Raiser's Zug, Switzerland company, Consen, for development of the CondorII missile program by Iraq, Egypt, and Argentina, during the Iran-Iraq War. Hartmann was vice-chairman of another secretive private Geneva bank, the Bank of NY-Inter-Maritime Bank, a bank whose chairman, Bruce Rappaport, was one of the illegal financial conduits for Col. Oliver North's Contra drugs-for-weapons network during the late 1980. North also used the BCCI as one of his preferred banks to hide his illegal funds.” The Secret Financial Network Behind "Wizard" George Soros, William Engdahl, EIR Investigation Executive Intelligence Review (EIR), November 1, 1996]
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  • 1998 Wikipedia Wang Jun, (CITIC, Clinton, Ken Starr, Monica Lewinsky)  is Chairman of the Board of Poly Technologies in the People's Republic of China. The company deals in arms-trading and is associated with the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Wang is also the Chairman of China International Trust and Investment Corporation (CITIC). He is the son of China's revolutionary elder Wang Zhen. 6]  BusinessWeek Rothschild / CITIC winery
  • 1998 Wikipedia  First Chicago Bank was a Chicago-based retail and commercial bank tracing its roots back to 1863. Over the years, the bank operated under several names including The First National Bank of Chicago and First Chicago NBD (following its 1995 merger with the National Bank of Detroit). In 1998, First Chicago NBD merged with Banc One Corporation to form Bank One Corporation, today a part of CHASE.
  • 1998 The Third Way is a synthesis of the right and the left that originated from Sir Evelyn de Rothschild, Lynn Forrester (later de Rothschild), Michael Steinheart and Al From. Bill Clinton was the first candidate chosen by the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC) to run for US president. Tony Blair, Clinton's buddy from Oxford, was the Third Way candidate in Great Britain. When Clinton and Blair won, the New Democratic Movement transcended the right v left conflict and reinvented the world.    ...    "New Democrat policies transcend the stale left-right debate and define a Third Way for governing based on progressive ideas, mainstream values, and innovative solutions that reflect changing times. New Democrat ideas that have become law include national service, work-based welfare reform, charter schools, community policing, an expanded earned-income tax credit, and market incentives for environmental protection." see Wikipedia Third Way,  Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister from 1957 to 1963, based his philosophy of government on what he entitled in a book, The Middle Way (1938).  Centrism, Blue Dog Democrats, DLC.....  search CESJ for Rothschild
  • 1998 Bibliotecalaplayedes According to knowledgeable U.S. and European investigators, Soros is part of a circle which includes Marc Rich of Zug, Switzerland and Tel Aviv, the indicted metals and commodity speculator and fugitive; Shaul Eisenberg, (ThinkAboutIt) (Globes, Rothschild) the secretive Israeli arms and commodities dealer; and "Dirty Rafi" Eytan - both linked to the financial side of the Israeli Mossad, and to the family of Jacob Lord Rothschild.  search also Bill / Hillary Clinton, pardon.
  • 1999 WakeUpFromYourSlumber Jacob Ezra Merkin clearly enabled Madoff's scheme to continue operating by investing hundreds of millions of dollars with Madoff. Merkin's late father, Hermann Merkin, was a high-level Rothschild-linked director of the PEC Israel Economic Corporation for thirty-three years (1966-1999) until his death.  Archive.FrontpageMag Former L.F. Rothschild (Wikipeidia) banker and the onetime mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., Burt Ross, also reportedly lost $5 million, virtually all of his personal financial assets.
  • 1999 Wikipedia As director of the NEC, Gene Sperling, who had played a key role in the 1993 Deficit Reduction Act, was a key negotiator of the 1997 bipartisan Balanced Budget Act. Sperling was also a principal negotiator with then-Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers of the Financial Modernization Act of 1999, also known as the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act. Gramm-Leach-Bliley repealed large portions of the depression-era Glass-Stegall Act allowing banks, securities firms and insurance companies to merge. President Barack Obama believes that the repeal of Glass–Steagall helped cause the 2007 subprime mortgage financial crisis.  Sperling earned $887,727 from Goldman Sachs in 2008
  • 1999 WMR , the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) broke open a major conspiracy involving a Saudi prince’s Colombian cocaine smuggling from Venezuela  ...“Declassification of a Secret DEA 6 Paris Country Office”, the DEA was conducting a major investigation of the Medellin drug cartel called Operation Millennium (Justice.gov). Through an intercepted fax, the Bogota Country Office of the DEA learned of the Paris cocaine seizure and linked the drug smuggling operation to the Saudis. The DEA investigation centered around Saudi Prince Nayif al Saud, whose alias was El Principe (the Prince). Nayif's full name is Nayif (or Nayef) bin Fawwaz al-Shaalan al-Saud. ...  Nayif was also reported to have met with drug cartel members in Marbella, Spain, where the late Saudi King Fahd and the Saudi royal family maintained a huge palatial residence. search terms: Skyways International, a Saudi-owned airline with past connections to the mysterious James Bath, George W. Bush's Texas Air National Guard friend and later Arbusto and Harken Energy investment pass-through between the Saudis and Bush  ...  Operation Palme chart, Nawwaf bin Fawwaz al-Shaalan is Vice President of Kanz Bank located at 65 rue du Rhone in Geneva. This bank is linked to Bammer Financial Trade Organization at 7 rue Versonnex in Geneva, Virgin Corporation LLC in Vessy (Geneva Canton), Maison Virgin Corporation also in Vessy, Degroof Luxembourg SA of Genf, Geneva Canton, and Capital Trust SA, 640 Avenida Diagonal, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 1999 TariGanter Deutsche Bank, historically owned by the Nazi-funding Warburg family, bought Bankers Trust in 1999 to become the world’s largest bank with $882 billion in assets.
  • 1999, Anglo American merged with Luxembourg-based Minorco to form Anglo American plc. Minorco, which had hitherto been responsible for our international assets, combined with Anglo American Corporation the company responsible for the South African interests of the Group to become Anglo American plc, with our primary listing in London and secondary listings in Johannesburg, Switzerland, Botswana and Namibia.  search terms: Oppenheimer, Rothschild
  • 1999 WMR In 1999, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) broke open a major conspiracy involving a Saudi prince’s Colombian cocaine smuggling from Venezuela to support some “future intention” involving Koranic prophecy. The DEA operations were contained in a “Declassification of a Secret DEA 6 Paris Country Office” memorandum dated June 26, 2000, a date which coincided with the height of Israeli art student and 911 hijacker activity in the United States. In June 1999, 808 kilograms of cocaine were seized in Paris. At the same time, the DEA was conducting a major investigation of the Medellin drug cartel called Operation Millennium. Through an intercepted fax, the Bogota Country Office of the DEA learned of the Paris cocaine seizure and linked the drug smuggling operation to the Saudis. The DEA investigation centered around Saudi Prince Nayef al Saud not to be confused with the late Crown Prince Nayef], whose alias was El Principe (the Prince). Nayif's full name is Nayef (or Nayif) bin Fawwaz al-Shaalan al-Saud. In pursuit of his international drug deals, Nayef traveled in his own Boeing 727 and used his diplomatic status to avoid customs checks. The DEA report stated Nayef studied at the University of Miami, Florida, owned a bank in Switzerland, speaks eight languages, was heavily invested in Venezuela’s petroleum industry, regularly visited the United States, and traveled with millions of dollars of U.S. currency. Nayef is also invested in Colombia's petroleum industry. Nayef was also reported to have met with drug cartel members in Marbella, Spain, where the late Saudi King Fahd and the Saudi royal family maintained a huge palatial residence.
  • 1999 Terrorism-Illuminati In 1999, the French Parliament commissioned an extensive and thorough investigation of global money-laundering. After publishing reports on Liechtenstein, Monaco and Switzerland, it also produced a report titled, The City of London, Gibraltar and the Crown Dependencies: Offshore Centers and Havens for Dirty Money, part of which was an addendum titled, The Economic Environment of Osama bin Laden. The report concluded that up to forty British banks, companies and individuals were associated with bin Laden’s network, including organizations in London, Oxford, Cheltenham, Cambridge and Leeds. 1] In introducing the report, Arnaud Montebourg, a French Member of Parliament concluded, “Tony Blair, and his government, preaches around the world against terrorism. He would be well advised to preach to his own bankers and oblige them to go after dirty money... Even the Swiss co-operate more than the English.” 2]
  • 1999 Martin Frost McCain has numerous connections to the Rothschilds. One of his key corporate supporters was Wilbur Ross Jr, the so-called "Bankruptcy King", who worked for Rothschild USA Inc. for nearly 25 years before he quit in 2000 to set up his own firm, W.L. Ross & Co. (which managed the Rothschild Recovery Fund).144 Ross was at the launch of McCain's memoir, Faith of My Fathers, in 1999. Rothschild support was more overt during the 2008 presidential elections. In March 2008 Jacob and Nat Rothschild hosted a McCain fundraiser in London. And in September 2008, Lynn Forester de Rothschild, a prominent Democrat, announced she would be supporting McCain over Obama.   and Peter Mandelson In 1999, Mandelson spent three days at the Rothschild villa in Corfu, and later went to Albania all paid for by Jacob. He also became close to Evelyn and his wife, counting them as his "new best friends"; he attended their wedding in 2000 and reportedly convinced Evelyn to fund Policy Review, which Mandelson chaired. Mandelson remains close to Jacob and Nat, holidaying with them in recent years in Corfu, Switzerland and the Caribbean.
  • 1999 Stanley Foundation pdf
  • 2000
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  • 2000 
  • 2000 Bolyn  Lone Gunmen (made by Rupert Murdoch’s FOX TV) in which remotely hijacked planes were flown into the WTC was made in Vancouver in 2000. The Lone Gunmen "Pilot" episode in which a passenger airliner is hijacked by an external computer program and flown into the World Trade Center was another Murdoch production.  The "Pilot" episode, which bore an uncanny resemblance to the 9/11 attacks, aired on Murdoch-owned FOX TV on March 4, 2001.  Arnon Milchan, Murdoch's Israeli business partner and senior Mossad agent in Hollywood, was most likely the real author of the plot for "Pilot".
     Murdoch originally financed by Rothschild  ...  Murdoch's 20th Century Fox (News Corp.) distributed blatantly anti-Muslim propaganda films like The Siege (1998) which were clearly designed to prepare the public mindset for the false-flag terrorism of 9/11.   and    Murdoch's initial $200 million investment in Arnon Milchan's company in 1998 is something of a mystery. Why did Murdoch buy into a dodgy company run by an Israeli nuclear criminal? It is, of course, most likely the result of Murdoch simply doing as he is told by the Zionist financiers, e.g. the Rothschilds, ...
  • 2000 Wikipedia City of London  Although there is no agreed definition of a tax haven, many authors have accused the City of London of being one. The Tax Justice Network, goes further and accuses the City of London as being “the biggest tax haven in the world” as well as ‘a state within a state’. Ian Doyle and Jem Bendell, summarise these claims with the following statement: the City “is the most powerful lobby in Britain and possibly the world, and as a result . . . exerts enormous political influence to resist regulation and extract tax exemption. It has fostered criminality by ensuring that the City ranks amongst the least accountable of financial centres on the face of the Earth”. see The novel Golden Handcuffs by Polly Courtney
  • 2000 Bibliotec Pleyades Member of J.P. Morgan's International Advisory Council. Former member of the Advisory Council of Forstmann Little & Co. and American Express. Advisor to China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC). Member of the Europe Strategy Board of Hicks, Muse, Tate & Furst. Director of Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation and Revlon. Chairman of the International Advisory Board of the American International Group (AIG), a partner of Kissinger Associates. Also chairman of the Advisory Boards of AIG Asian Infrastructure Funds I & II and a director of AIG Global. In 2000 Henry Kissinger was quoted by Business Wire: "Hank Greenberg, Pete Peterson and I have been close friends and business associates for decades." Maurice Greenburg is head of AIG and Peter G. Peterson is head of The Blackstone Group, which is the other major partner of Kissinger Associates. Peterson is also a former chairman of Lehman Brothers. Kissinger is a friend of Lynn Forester and introduced her to Sir Evelyn de Rothschild at the 1998 Bilderberg 1 conference. They would soon become married. When Henry Kissinger is invited to speak at the United Nations Association on April 11, 2001 Lord Jacob Rothschild is flanking his side. Henry Kissinger is a trustee of the Open Russia Foundation since 2001, together with Lord Jacob Rothschild. The Foundation was set up by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a controversial oligarch, later locked up by Putin. Honorary trustee of the Aspen Institute 1go to more   Peter G. Peterson, a director of First National Bank of Chicago/First Chicago Corp., was a Trilateral Commissioner, Chairman of the CFR and was Chairman of the Federal Reserve of New York from 2000 to 2004. Peterson would later recruit Timothy F. Geithner as President of the NY Fed.
  • 2000 Wikipedia  Zayed_bin_Sultan_Al_Nahyan (1918 – 2 November 2004), the principal driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), was the ruler of Abu Dhabi and first president of the UAE, a post which he held for over 30 years (1971–2004).   ...  In 1972, Agha Hasan Abedi, a Pakistani banker who had set up a new bank called Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), approached Zayed for investment. Abedi had previously set up the United Bank of Pakistan in 1959, which became a leading nationalized bank in 1971. Zayed fronted the majority of the investment for the BCCI. Bank of America (25%) and the CIA allegedly invested, too. It is claimed that the CIA was seeking a funding route for the mujahideen in Afghanistan, similar to the Investors Overseas Service and the Nugen Hand Bank in the 1960s.  FAS see Bank of America, EditorsEye the-sheikhs-of-abu-dhabi BCCI helped Saddam Hussein funnel money to Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) which worked with Henry Kissinger.  Gruppo PNB Paribas,    DeanHenderson
  • 2000 UnitedNationsofFilm The Governor of California, Schwarzenegger is an Austrian Zionist who’s father was a member of the Austrian Nazi Party , is financed by Lord Jacob Rothschild and is a self confessed lover of Hitler and dictator rule.  Wikipedia Gustav Schwarzenegger
  • 2000 Amdocs executives: Bruce K. Anderson, CEO; Avinoam Naor Director;  see SEC ANNUAL REPORT OF PROXY VOTING RECORD OF REGISTERED MANAGEMENT, Elect Director Lynn F. De Rothschild
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  • 2000 RealZionistNews Silverstein obtained this lease from his Jewish synagogue buddy, Lewis M Eisenberg, Wikipedia, Muckety  (who was then the Chairman of the Port Authority of New York), even though Vornado Realty outbid Silverstein by $50m. Eisenberg aborted Vornado’s bid in favour of his Zionist buddy Silverstein. Eisenberg, who was a huge contributor to the Bush-Cheney campaign, is a member of the Republican Jewish Coalition and former partner of the Jewish bank, Goldman Sachs. Silverstein and Eisenberg both held senior leadership positions with the United Jewish Appeal, a billion dollar Zionist organization. At present, Silverstein is on the UJA’s Board Of Directors. The UJA raises millions of dollars for its client, the Zionist State of Israel. Silverstein is also co-founder of the Israel Export Development Company.   see also Republican Leadership Council,
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  • 2000: IAmTheWitness George W. Bush is elected (so they tell me) President of the United States. Bush and his family claim to be descendants of the House of Plantagenet which is descended from the Royal House of Judah.  Wikipedia House of Plantagenet
  • 2000 Britannica Royal Bank of Scotland Group (RBS), in the United Kingdom, a bank and financial services company that became one of the largest in Europe through its acquisition of National Westminster Bank in 2000. Its headquarters are in Edinburgh, Scotland. The Royal Bank of Scotland is the leading U.K. provider of commercial, corporate, and private banking services. RBS conducts business through other entities such as Citizens Financial Group in the northeastern United States and the Ulster Bank in Ireland.
  • 2000 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline Rumsfeld sells North Korea two light water nuclear reactors.
  • 2000 Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline Israel spy ring (the art students, penetrate the US) They peddle Ecstasy (as finance) and they spy on military bases and federal buildings.
  • 2000 MoneyTeachers Joseph Cannon (Mormon, Deseret News) and His brother Chris Cannon, were close associates with Jack Abramoff and even assisted him in forwarding the gambling interests agenda. Joe worked with Abramoff on the same lobbying clients and convicted felon and Abramoff partner, David Safavian, worked as Congressman Cannon's "Chief of Staff". Chris Cannon was forced to return campaign donations from Abramoff and Safavian, as well as a few of the Indian Tribes they represented, but, he served his masters well by inserting the "poison pill" that destroyed any hopes of regulating online casino gambling.
  • 2000 Nov  Rys2sense Israel False Flag Timeline Bush steals the election  Jan 2001 Bush is sworn in as President
  • 2000 Terror-Illuminati September 2000, the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), a neo-conservative think-tank, with strong ties to the right-wing American Enterprise Institute, and funded by three foundations closely tied to Persian Gulf oil and weapons and defense industries, drafted a plan for U.S. global domination. AEI is also connected to the Heritage Foundation, through the same funders..  and see ZionCrimeFactory, NoGW Sumner Rothstein (Redstone).
  • 2000 TruthandLife One important repository for the wealth of the global oligarchy that owns these bank holding companies is US Trust Corporation – founded in 1853 and now owned by Bank of America. A recent US Trust Corporate Director and Honorary Trustee was Walter Rothschild. Other directors included Daniel Davison of JP Morgan Chase, Richard Tucker of Exxon Mobil, Daniel Roberts of Citigroup and Marshall Schwartz of Morgan Stanley. 2] and Wikpedia US Trust Corp United States Trust Corporation is an American bank holding company based in New York, NY. It is the oldest trust company in the U.S., and provides personal wealth management to some of the wealthiest individuals and families. In 2000, the Charles Schwab Corporation purchased U.S. Trust for $2.73 billion. 1] In 2001, less than a year after the acquisition of U.S. Trust, the U.S. Trust subsidiary was fined $10 million in a bank secrecy law case. It was ordered to pay $5 million to the New York State Banking Department and $5 million to the Federal Reserve Board. 2] On November 20, 2006, Schwab announced an agreement to sell U.S. Trust to Bank of America for $3.3 billion cash. 3] The deal closed in the second quarter of 2007.  CureZone  The Rothschilds and JP Morgan-Chase ...  important to note that the Rothschilds/Bank Of England, have hidden this ownership through JP Morgan, Lehman Brothers, Kuhn-Loeb and other so-called American institutions that were funded and created by the House of Rothschild through the Bank of New York, which is owned by the Bank of England,  ... JP Morgan received 25 billion dollars in TARP funds during the taxpayer funded bailout. Claims of paying the money back may be obfuscated by the fact that the Federal Reserve, which is owned in part by JP Morgan,
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  • 2001 9/11 For those who would like to support Ellen Mariani’s ongoing efforts (last unsettled 9/11 victim case), please send letters of support and donations to Ellen Mariani, P.O. Box 2792, Parker, CO 80134. Search Hellerstein.
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  • 2001 Enron CabalTimes Qatar holds 13.39% of the world’s natural gas reserves, making it #3 on the chart. Qatar and its gas reserves have been historically dominated by the Rothschild Shell Oil Corporation. Qatar figures prominently as a forwarding base for American operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Recently, Qatar has also became a major player in the so-called Arab Spring.   ...  The fall of Communism meant that Western corporations could freely operate in the region (Turkmenistan) for the first time. It comes as no surprise that Turkmenistan’s natural gas was quickly earmarked for export by groups such as the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers  ....  Gazprom in turn has intricate relationships with Rothschild heavyweights such as Shell Oil and BP.  and Rockefeller quote: "Some even believe we (the Rockefeller family) are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as ‘internationalists’and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure - one world, if you will. If that’s the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it." -David Rockefeller, Memoirs, page 405
  • 2001 Biblioteca Pleyades Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank in June 2001. Joined N.M. Rothschild & Sons at the latest in 2002. Annual visitor of the Trilateral Commission since 2002. Member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. Member of the steering committee of the Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). Member of the European Council of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. In December 2002, Blair sent Lord Guthrie and Jack Straw to Turkey as an unofficial military envoy to shore up support for an invasion of Iraq and to discuss plans to remove Saddam Hussein from power. Became a non-executive special advisor of Aon Special Risks in 2004, a leading Counter-Terrorism, Political Risks and Kidnap and Ransom insurance broker and risk consultant. Freeman of the City of London, a member of the Knights of Malta, and a Commander of the Legion of Merit USA. Member of the House of Lords.
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  • 2001 History of the Money Changers Professor Joseph Stiglitz, former Chief Economist of the World Bank, and former Chairman of President Clinton's Council of Economic Advisers, goes public over the World Bank's, "Four Step Strategy," which is designed to enslave nations to the bankers. I summarize this below, Step One: Privatization. This is actually where national leaders are offered 10% commissions to their secret Swiss bank accounts in exchange for them trimming a few billion dollars off the sale price of national assets. Bribery and corruption, pure and simple.   ...   Step Two: Capital Market Liberalization. This is the repealing any laws that taxes money going over its borders. Stiglitz calls this the, "hot money," cycle. Initially cash comes in from abroad to speculate in real estate and currency, then when the economy in that country starts to look promising, this outside wealth is pulled straight out again, causing the economy to collapse.   ...  The nation then requires IMF help and the IMF provides it under the pretext that they raise interest rates anywhere from 30% to 80%. This happened in Indonesia and Brazil, also in other Asian and Latin American nations. These higher interest rates consequently impoverish a country, demolishing property values, savaging industrial production and draining national treasuries.    ...   Step Three: Market Based Pricing. This is where the prices of food, water and domestic gas are raised which predictably leads to social unrest in the respective nation, now more commonly referred to as, "IMF Riots." These riots cause the flight of capital and government bankruptcies. This benefits the foreign corporations as the nations remaining assets can be purchased at rock bottom prices.   ...  Step Four: Free Trade. This is where international corporations burst into Asia, Latin America and Africa, whilst at the same time Europe and America barricade their own markets against third world agriculture. They also impose extortionate tariffs which these countries have to pay for branded pharmaceuticals, causing soaring rates in death and disease  There are a lot of losers in this system, but a few winners - bankers. In fact the IMF and World Bank have made the sale of electricity, water, telephone and gas systems a condition of loans to every developing nation. This is estimated at 4 trillion dollars of publicly owned assets.  In September of this year, Professor Joseph Stiglitz is awarded the Nobel Prize in economics.
  • 2001 Scoreboard-Canada Rudolph Giuliani running for President on 9/11 record....see Scoreboard-Canada Raytheon  and Opus Dei links to Rothschild   and  Tucson, Arizona is in fact the Headquarters of Raytheon Missile Systems ...  Who is really behind Raytheon? ANALYSIS: The largest institutional shareholders are Capital Research & Management, Harris Associates, Merrill Lynch, Smith Barney, State Street, Barclays, NWQ Investment Management and Lord Abbet & Co. Further down the list are JP Morgan Chase and T. Rowe Price.
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  • 2001 SourceWatch Open Russia Foundation board of directors Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky,  Henry Kissinger, Arthur Hartman Dr. Mikhail Piotrovsky, Lord Jacob Rothschild, OM GBE  and NewsCompass It is significant that YUKOS’s liberal pressure group, the Open Russia Foundation, is completely controlled by Rothschild now that its founder is in jail.  and Martin Frost (Kissinger) was a friend of Baron Edmond de Rothschild; served with Baron Eric de Rothschild on the international board of governors of the Peres Peace Center... 1go to
  • 2001 CorbettReport   Richard Andrew Grove - In 2000, Richard Andrew Grove was working for Silverstream Software, a software development company specializing in enterprise architecture software. By October of that year he had landed the firm their largest client in the company's history: Marsh & McLennan. After finding evidence that Silverstream was overbilling Marsh by nearly $7 million and being told to keep quiet by both his own management and those he confided to at Marsh, he was fired. After his termination, he was invited to present his evidence at a staff meeting in Marsh's offices where Marsh employees who were suspicious of such transactions themselves were gathered. That meeting was on the 98th floor of the World Trade Center. It was the 11th of September, 2001. And everyone who was in attendance at the meeting died there that day. Grove, who had been late for the meeting, survived. His remarkable story, as well as subsequent events, led him to start piecing together how 9/11 helped financial institutions and insurance companies cover up billions of dollars in fraud by eliminating those who were asking questions about it.
  • 2001 Bollyn (Mariani case) Hellerstein has a clear conflict of interest in the 9-11 tort litigation because his son is a lawyer with Amit, Pollak & Matalon, the law firm that works for and is closely connected with Cukierman & Company, the parent company of ICTS. Cukierman & Co. is headed by Roger Cukierman and his son Edouard. Previously, Roger was CEO of the Edmond de Rothschild Group and chairman of the Israel General Bank. He has also served as the chairman of several venture capital funds established by the Rothschild Group. One of these funds, the Catalyst Fund, is run by Boaz Harel, a managing partner of private equity at Cukierman & Co. - and the head of ICTS at the time of 9-11. The Rothschild/Cukierman Catalyst Fund is also invested in a company called Cyalume, which is run by several of the SCP Partners of Ehud Barak. The Israeli Mossad corporate network may seem large but it always involves the same small group of people at the top. Many of the names are easily recognized by a researcher who is familiar with the Zionist criminal network. One of the head people of the Catalyst Fund and Cyalume, for example, is Yair Shamir, the son of the well-known terrorist-cum-prime minister Yitzhak Shamir.
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  • 2001 9/11
  • Rothschild Media Monopoly
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  • 2002 IntelHub On October 7, 2002 now-retired Texas Senator Phil Gramm was rewarded for the deregulation frenzy which he and his Enron board member wife Wendy helped create. Gramm was named Vice-President and partner at UBS Warburg. Lehman went under in 2008, leaving the Warburgs firmly in command.
  • 2002 Wikipedia Zhou_Xiaochuan  As governor of the People's Bank of China since December 2002, he has been in charge of the monetary policy of the People's Republic of China.  see Gold Speculator Zhou_Xiaochuan... and the present Warburg Pincus executive management: Scott A. Arenare Alain J. P. Belda David A. Coulter Timothy J. Curt Patrick T. Hackett Peter R. Kagan Charles R. Kaye Joseph P. Landy Kewsong Lee David Hui Li Michael E. Martin Dalip Pathak Steven G. Schneider Joseph C. Schull Chang Q. Sun Christopher H. Turner Bess Weatherman.
  • 2002-2004 Wikipedia  Amy Rothschild Friedkin (1947-) was the first female president of AIPAC, from May 2002 until May 2004, then served as the national chair of AIPAC's board. edit]  She was president of the Jewish Federation of the Greater East Bay from 1988-1990. She served on the United Jewish Appeal Young Women’s Leadership Cabinet and led numerous community missions to Israel. citation needed] Friedkin was honored by the Jewish Women’s Archive 2] and the Lions of Judah. Senator Gordon Smith (R-OR) said, “Amy is a bridge between Israel and America.” Long-time friend Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) said, “When Amy looks into the eyes of a legislator, they know she speaks from the heart. She has her facts straight. She has a deep commitment for Israel. It comes through. It’s contagious and very effective.” 3]
  • 2002 NationalCorruptionIndex  John Carter Beese Jr. ..  After 9/11, it was learned that Prince Bandar’s wife had actually sent more than $70,000 to a San Diego couple, who then turned it over to two of the 9/11 hijackers. Omar al-Bayoumi, a Saudi national, opened Riggs bank accounts for the two hijackers. Many other suspicious Riggs transactions involved Prince Bandar personally, with him often transferring over $1 million at a time. In 2003, the Bush administration insisted on censoring sections of a congressional report on the 2001 terrorist attacks that dealt with the Saudis’ Riggs bank accounts. The matter of Bandar’s wife’s involvement was not pursued by the FBI.
  • 2002 Effedieffe Alfonso Cortina, Vice Chairman of Rothschild Europe; Senior Advisor for Spain and Latin America of Rothschild; Senior Advisor for Spain of Texas Pacific Group; Member of the Board of Directors of Mutua Madrileña; Member of the International Advisory Board of Allianz AG, Madrid
  • 2002 AmericanFreePress Sir Peter Mason is a Knight of the British Empire. The former mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani, who gave the management of the WTC site to the two British firms, AMEC and Bovis Lend Lease, received an honorary knighthood in the Order of the British Empire from Queen Elizabeth II on Feb. 13, 2002.
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  • 2002  ForeignPolicyJournal Speaking of the Pentagon, the little discussed British company called AMEC had some interesting personnel.  It was AMEC’s subsidiary AMEC Construction NA that was responsible for reconstructing Wedge 1 of the Pentagon just before (and after) Flight 77 hit that exact spot in the building.  AMEC Construction NA was also immediately hired to clean-up the WTC site at Ground Zero, within hours of the destruction there. 17] The British parent company, AMEC, provides “engineering and project management services to the world’s energy, power and process industries.” 18] It is a major international player in the oil and gas industry, as well as in other natural resource industries.  AMEC had a significant presence in Saudi Arabia dating back to the late 1970s, providing support to the national oil company Saudi Aramco, which is by far the richest company in the world. 19]  Executives and board members at AMEC included former directors of NM Rothschild, Kellogg Brown and Root (now Halliburton), and SG Warburg.  and see Amec  Recently, one of our non-executive directors, Jock Green-Armytage, was appointed our chairman. Mr. Green-Armytage, for many years a director and then non-executive director of NM Rothschild & Sons Limited
  • 2002 IamthWitness9/11 In partnership with Raytheon, System Planning Corporation also supplies CTS/FTS technology to commercial airplane manufacturers for installation in airliners (Boeing: confirmed; Airbus: undetermined, but highly probable given the consortium's connection to BAE, a US military contractor.) It has been reported that DARPA's codename for the CTS/FTS system was "Home Run". Former German Secretary of Defense Andreas Von Buelow may have alluded to foreknowledge of Home Run technology in an interview he gave the German daily "Tagesspiegel" on January 13th, 2002:   
  • 2002: IAmTheWitness Webster's Third New International Dictionary (Unabridged), re-printed in 2002, provides a new definition of Anti Semitism which has not been updated since 1956. It reads, "Anti-Semitism: (1) hostility toward Jews as a religious or racial minority group, often accompanied by social, political or economic discrimination (2) opposition to Zionism (3) sympathy for the opponents of Israel." It was definition (2) and (3) that were added in the 2002 edition, just before the USA decide to invade Iraq under orders from the State of Rothschild, I mean Israel. Also this year, the Prime Minister of Israel, war criminal, Ariel Sharon, orders the massacre in the Jenin refugee camp in the West Bank. Best get that definition updated to protect these criminals. The DEA issues a report that Israeli spies, posing as art students, have been trying to penetrate US Government offices. Police near the Whidbey Island Naval Air Station in southern Washington State stop a suspicious truck and detain two Israelis, one of whom is illegally in the United States. The two men were driving at high speed in a Ryder rental truck, which they claimed had been used to, "deliver furniture." The next day, police discovered traces of TNT and RDX military-grade plastic explosives inside the passenger cabin and on the steering wheel of the vehicle. The FBI then announces that the tests that showed explosives were, "false positived," by cigarette smoke, a claim test experts say is ridiculous. Based on an alibi provided by a woman, the case is closed and the Israelis are handed over to INS to be sent back to Israel. One week later, the woman who provided the alibi vanishes.
  • 2002 911Research Theories that Nuclear Weapons Destroyed the Twin Towers
  • 2002 Sep AssassinatedPress (Jim Fetzer, UofW) Senator Paul Wellstone was assassinated by Bush/Cheney dark forces... Bush 41:"Who's this little chicken-shit?"...and electromagnetic pulse, radio frequency or High Energy Radio Frequency weapons designed to overwhelm electrical circuitry with an intense electromagnetic field. An abrupt cessation of communication between the plane and the tower took place at about 10:18 a.m., the same time an odd cell phone phenomenon occurred with a driver in the immediate vicinity. Mathew Rothschild gave the eulogy ... see Progressive article   ToBeFree, NFU Wellstone page1    and Abledanger Sen. Paul Wellstone (D-Mn), his wife Sheila, daughter Marcia, aides Mary McEvoy, Tom Lapic, Will McLaughlin, pilot Richard Conry and co-pilot Michael Guess were all killed.  and Cheney's threat: ‘Go along with the program, if you know what’s good for you and Minnesota. Stop sticking your nose into 9/11.’ and Voxfux   Wellstone was assassinated under the exact same circumstances as Mel Carnahan, two years ago. Carnahan the Democrat was beating John Ashcroft, but with just two weeks remaining before election day, Carnahan's plane conveniently crashes.
  • 2002 History of the Money Changers On April 12th every major paper in the USA runs a story that Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez had resigned as he was, "unpopular and dictatorial." In fact he had been kidnapped under a coup, where he was imprisoned on an army base. Following sympathy from the guards, the coup falls apart and President Chavez is back in his office one day later. Interestingly he has video evidence that whilst he was imprisoned on that base a United States military attaché entered the base. President Chavez, demonized by the controlled western media, gives milk and housing to the poor, and gives land not used for production by big plantation owners for more than two years, to those without land. His big crime however, was in passing a petroleum law that doubled the royalty taxes from 16% to 30% on new oil discoveries, which affected Exxon Mobil and other international oil operators.   ...   He also took full control of the state oil company, PDVSA, which before was nominally owned by the government, but in actual fact was in thrall to these international oil operators. Not only that but President Chavez is also the President of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). The main reason is, however, that President Chavez fully rejects the World Bank's, "Four Step Strategy," and plan to reduce wages of the people for the benefit of the bankers.   Indeed President Chavez has increased the minimum wage by 20%, which has increased the purchasing power of the lower paid workers and strengthened the economy. His minister, Miguel Bustamante Madriz, fully aware of the danger Venezuela poses to the bankers when people contrast the fact it wouldn't let them in, for example, with Argentina who did, stated, "America can't let us stay in power. We are an exception to the new globalization order. If we succeed, we are an example to all the Americas."
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index     NFU
  • 2003 SECFilings Since leaving N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Lord Rothschild has established an independent private equity and venture capital investment business. He was one of the two founder shareholders of Global Asset Management, the successful asset management company which has recently been sold to the Union Bank of Switzerland. Sir Mark Weinberg and he together founded J Rothschild Assurance which is now part of St James' Place Capital. Lord Rothschild is now chairman of RIT Capital Partners plc (the successor company to RIT) and Five Arrows Limited.  Bush Sr. Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady came from Dillon Read (UBS Warburg) and both Clinton Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin and Bush Jr. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson came from Goldman Sachs. Obama Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner worked at Kissinger Associates and the New York Fed.
  • 2003 DavidIckeForum Rupert Murdoch and the financial sector Lord Jacob Rothschild was appointed to the board of British Sky Broadcasting in 2003 as Senior Independent Non- Executive Director and Deputy Chairman of Murdoch’s organization. (Shah 2003) Having graduated from Oxford University, Rothschild joined the family bank N. M. Rothschild & Sons before leaving in 1980 to pursue his own interests in the financial sector. (Shah 2003) Rothschild co-founded Global Asset Management and J Rothschild Assurance, now part of the St James’s Palace Group.
  • World War III -- Pilgrim Society / Aspen Institute / Chatham House  Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    •  PolitcalVelcraft Newly declassified documents show that President Bill Clinton personally approved the transfer to China of advanced space technology that can be used for nuclear combat. The documents show that in 1996 Clinton approved the export of radiation hardened chip sets to China. The specialized chips are necessary for fighting a nuclear war.
    • 2004 Aspen Institute / Aspen Strategy Group Madeleine K. Albright, Graham T. Allison, Zoë Baird Budinger, Samuel R. Berger, Stephen E. Biegun, Robert D. Blackwill, James E. Cartwright, Eliot Cohen Susan Collins, Richard Cooper, Richard Danzig, John M. Deutch, Richard A. Falkenrath, Diana Farrell, Peter D. Feaver, Dianne Feinstein, Michèle Flournoy, Stephen Friedman, Michael Green, Richard N. Haass, Stephen Hadley, Chuck Hagel, John Hamre, Jane Harman, David Ignatius, Nicholas Kristof, Richard G. Lugar, Leo S. Mackay, Jr. Sylvia, Mathews Burwell, David McCormick, Sam Nunn, Meghan O'Sullivan, William J. Perry, John Podesta, Thomas Pritzker, Jack Reed, Mitchell B. Reiss, Condoleezza Rice, Carla Anne Robbins, David E. Sanger, Susan C. Schwab, Smita Singh, Anne-Marie Slaughter, James Steinberg, Strobe Talbott, Jessica Tuchman Mathews, Fareed Zakaria, Dov S. Zakheim, Philip Zelikow, Robert B. Zoellick   AspenInstitute website
    • Aspen Institute profiles1   Madeleine K. Albright is Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm, and Chair of Albright Capital Management LLC, an investment advisory firm focused on emerging markets.  Helios Towers Africa Ltd. $350 Million of Equity Financing from Global Investor Group, Company will develop tower operations across Africa.  2009, A group of investors including Soros Strategic Partners LP, RIT Capital Partners plc, and Lord Rothschild's family interests, Albright Capital Management LLC, and funds furnished by Helios Investment Partners LLP ... to form Helios Towers, Africa, HTA, see also Nigeria, HTM, Soros Fund Management, pdf
    • Clinton Global Initiative  Wikispooks LeCercle member list, MasterJules, Gnostic Liberation Front
    • Chatham House .. Based in St James's Square in London, the listed building was home to three Prime Ministers (William Pitt the Elder, Edward Stanley and William Gladstone) before being gifted to what was then the British Institute of International Affairs in 1923.  Members: Lord Ashdown
    • Chatham House members 2001 Lord Hurd of Westwell, Lord Robertson of Port Ellen, Baroness Williams of Crosby, Lord Marshall of Knightsbridge, Peter Cooke, Adrian Lamb, Lavinia Allison, Sir Leonard Appleyard, Sir John Birch, Tony Colman, Humphry Crum Ewing, Dr Anne Deighton, Peter Erskine, Jonathan M. Fry, Lord Goodhart, Nik Gowing
    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
    • 2010 Euro-Med The Rothschild think tank, the Chatham House, has presented its proposal for a world currency based on the International Monetary Union´s (IMF) Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) - not based on real values, but only set at a notional value arbitrarily conferred on them, probably to be based on allocated CO2 allowances. The IMF would accordingly become the world's Central Bank and Treasury. Already the IMF can be regarded as a Rothschild subsidiary. The Chatham House suggests that the IMF's head and the participating countries' central bank governors, who are Rothschild-controlled, be given the task of controlling the world currency! The UNEP, the UNCTAD and the G20 have made the same proposal.
    • UAE Country Report, by the Economist Intelligence Group, Rothschild search Aspen, Aspen Ideas Festival, a colloquium organized by the Aspen Institute that brought together public policy professionals and analysts from around the world.
    • Aspen Institute Through the generous support of the RockefellerFoundation, the Bernard van LeerFoundation, and the Multilateral Investment Fund at the Inter-American Development Bank, the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE) is pleased to announce the ANDE Research Initiative, a new program that will support research on the impact of small and growing businesses (SGBs) on poverty. 
    • Nader Library Terrorism Illuminati  Like the Salafi, the Nazis were also a principal component in the execution of Illuminati strategy, in their case, towards the creation of World War II. In accord with the plan worked out by Albert Pike, and summarized by William Guy Carr, the plan for WWII “was to be fomented by using the differences between Fascists and Political Zionists. This was to be fought so that Nazism would be destroyed and the power of Political Zionism increased so that the sovereign state of Israel could be established in Palestine.”  Therefore, the harsh terms imposed by the agents of the Illuminati at the Treaty of Versailles, that ruined Germany financially, were to set the stage for World War II. 1
    • 2003  Institute for the Study of Globalization and Covert PoliticsNndb Pilgrim Society  PilgrimSociety  ... leaders include: Allen W. Dulles, Andrew Carnegie, Andrew W. Mellon, Anne L. Armstrong, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., C. Douglas Dillon, Charles Francis Adams IV, Charles G. Dawes, Charles M. Schwab, Chauncey Depew, Clement Attlee, Cyrus Vance, David K. E. Bruce, David Rockefeller, David Sarnoff, Dean Acheson, Dean Rusk, Edmund de Rothschild, Educator, Elihu Root, Francis Biddle, Frank B. Kellogg, George C. Marshall, George F. Baker, George Nathaniel Curzon, George Shultz, Harry Brittain, Henry Catto, Henry Kissinger, Henry L. Stimson, Henry Luce III, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Henry R. Luce, Henry S. Morgan, Historian, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, J. Pierpont Morgan, Jacob Schiff, James Baker, James Buchanan Duke, James Speyer, John C. Whitehead, John D. Rockefeller, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., John Foster Dulles, John Hay Whitney, John Macomber, John Tower, John W. Davis, Joseph Choate, Joseph P. Kennedy, Journalist, Leonard Bernstein, Levi P. Morton, Lewis W. Douglas, Lord Acton, Lord Inge, Lord Mountbatten, Lord Robertson, Malcolm Forbes, Margaret Thatcher, Marshall Field, Nelson Rockefeller, Nelson W. Aldrich, Neville Chamberlain, Nicholas Murray Butler, Orvil Dryfoos, Otto Kahn, Paul Mellon, Paul Volcker, Peter Carington, Peter G. Peterson, Peter Sutherland, Philanthropist, Philip Lader, Prince Andrew, Prince Charles, Prince Edward, Prince Philip, Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth II, Raymond Seitz, Richard A. Boucher, Richard C. Holbrooke (Obama’s top consultant on Afghanistan and Pakistan, and AIG), Robert Cecil, Robert H. Tuttle, Robert Worth Bingham, Sandra Day O'Connor, Steve Forbes, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., Thomas W. Lamont, W. Averell Harriman, Walter Annenberg, Walter P. Chrysler, Warren Burger, Warren Christopher, William J. Crowe, Jr., William Rehnquist, William S. Farish, William Waldorf Astor, Winston Churchill, Winthrop W. Aldrich,   and ... Gold-Silver.us John R. Drexel III (great-great-great-grandson of Francis Martin Drexel), John R. Drexel IV (married Mary Jacqueline Astor), Raymond Seitz (Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1991-1994, after which he joined the boards of companies including British Airways, Rio Tinto, General Electric, and silver short Lehman Brothers), Sir Edwin A.G. Manton (died 2005), Rupert Hambro, Pilgrims Society of Great Britain SilverTrust.co.uk, Eric Norman Shrubsole, Sir David Alan Walker, Pilgrims Society of Great Britain (chairman of Morgan Stanley International and chaired, 1985-1988, Johnson Matthey Bankers and held a high post at the Bank of England, 1981-1993), Richard A. Debs was with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1960-1976 and pres Morgan Stanley until 1987, James D. Robinson III, Lindsay Russel, Sir Christopher Meyer, Edmund L. de Rothschild, Paul Mellon, Peter John Charles Mosse, David Rockefeller, Detlev W. Bronk, George L.Hinman, Richard Dilworthe, George Hanar, Dean Rusk, Hillary Clinton, Earl of De La Warr, and possible members: Timothy Mellon; David Rockefeller Jr.; Timothy Geithner; Benjamin Bernanke; George Soros; Warren Buffet; Bill Gates; Ted Turner; Robert Kelly of Bank of New York Mellon; Gene McQuade of Citigroup; Lloyd Blankfein, William W. George, James A. Johnson and John H. Bryan of Goldman Sachs; Jamie Dimon, James Crown and Lee Raymond of JPMorganChase; John Stumpf of Wells Fargo; Marcus Agius, Sir Richard Broadbent and Sir John Sunderland of Barclays; Donald F. Donahue, Depository Trust New York; William Dudley, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; Thomas J. Healey of the Rockefeller Foundation; and others the reader can look up including Philip Anschutz; John D. Arnold; Louis M. Bacon; Robert Bass; Michael Bloomberg; David Bonderman; Eli Broad; Anne Cox Chambers; Barry Diller; Larry Ellison; James Goodnight; William H. Gross; Amos Hostetter Jr.; Carl Icahn; Edward Johnson III; Rupert Johnson Jr.; Paul Tudor Jones; George B. Kaiser; Peter R. Kellogg; Randal J. Kirk; Thomas H. Lee; Donald B. Marron; Forrest Mars Jr.; John Franklyn Mars; Craig McCaw; Gordon Moore; Donald Newhouse; Samuel Newhouse Jr.; Hank Paulson; John Paulson; Thomas Pritzker; Richard Rainwater; Julian Robertson; Sir Simon Robertson and Sir Brian Williamson of HSBC; Richard Mellon Scaife; Harold Simmons; Donald Trump; Mortimer B. Zuckerman.   SilverBearCafe
    • Wikispooks The Pilgrim Society (very little in Wikipedia).  NFU page copy of
  • 2003  Pauline Neville-Jones — International Governor of BBC on 9-11; Chairman of UK Joint Intelligence Committee (1991-1994); Chairman of QinetiQ Group, a war technology company with government customers in UK and USA; Chairman of Information Assurance Advisory Council (IAAC) QinetiQ Group The ESII consortium comprises six partners QinetiQ, BAE Systems, BT, EADS, EDS and IBM plus 17 associates. Associate companies comprise LogicaCMG, Ericsson, Alcatel-Lucent, Motorola, Rockwell Collins, ITT, SELEX Communications, 3 Way Networks, Invocom, Groupe Intellex and Ultra Electronics with associate universities comprising Imperial College, Glamorgan, St Andrews, Southampton, Surrey and York.
  • 2003 Wikipedia Global Settlements The central issue at hand that had been judged in court previously was the conflict of interest between the investment banking and analysis departments of ten of the largest investment firms in the United States. The investment firms involved in the settlement had all engaged in actions and practices that had allowed the inappropriate influence of their research analysts by their investment bankers seeking lucrative fees 1]. A typical violation addressed by the settlement was the case of CSFB and Salomon Smith Barney, which were alleged to have engaged in inappropriate spinning of "hot" IPO's and issued fraudulent research reports in violation of various sections within the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Similarly, UBS Warburg and Piper Jaffray were alleged to have received payments for investment research without disclosing such payments in violation of the Securities Act of 1933.
  • 2003 comment: James Murdoch lives in London because in 2003 his father made him CEO of British Sky Broadcasting Group. Jacob Rothschild was named deputy chairman SECFiling.NYSE
  • 2003 Rumormillnews "The Opus Dei is the real Catholic Masonic lobby of today, as Licio Gelli said a couple of months ago in a interview and a lot of Italian Freemasons have now the double card of being Masons and Opus Dei members. They are working at very high levels in the Government and political parties like Alleanza Nazionale to take over the show.    ...   "But the Jesuits are now in firm control of the faith and of the mind because of their underground network of Masonic Illuminati linked to Black Magic circles and all these new religious movements through people like Massimo Introvigne that you should investigate a bit more ...
  • 2003: IAmTheWitness The United States invade Iraq on 19 March, which this year is the holy, "Day of Purim," in the Jewish calendar. This, "Day of Purim," is a day the Jews celebrate their victory over Ancient Babylon, now based within the borders of Iraq, how interesting.  What is also significant is that the previous U.S. led invasion of Iraq ended on the Day of Purim ten years earlier with the slaughter of 150,000 fleeing Iraqis under the current President's father, George Herbert Walker Bush. Purim is also the time when the Jews are encouraged to get bloody revenge against their perceived enemies. Ancient Babylon, I mean Iraq, is now one of six nations left in the world who don’t have a Rothschild controlled central bank. This war is mainly about stealing Iraq’s water supply for Israel and is being fought with the blood of the American military which the State of Rothschild, I mean Israel control.   Israel has always struggled for water, it had to steal the Golan Heights from Syria which provided Israel with one third of its fresh water 36 years before, yet still in Israel water extraction has surpassed replacement by 2.5 billion metres in the last 25 years.  This means the water is far more precious to them than the oil reserves which are the second largest reserves of oil on the planet.
  • 2003 Wikipedia Hisashi Owada  is a former Japanese diplomat and a judge on the International Court of Justice.Until 2003 Owada was president of the Japan Institute of International Affairs and advisor to the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Owada also served as senior advisor to the president of the World Bank in 1999–2000.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP  NFU
  • 2003 NewsExpose Mitre Corp, Board of Trustees include: James R. Schlesinger, Charles S. Robb Vice Chairman, Nicholas M. Donofrio, George Campbell Jr., Martin C. Faga, General Ronald R. Fogleman, Jane F. Garvey, Admiral Edmund P. Giambastiani, Jr., Alfred Grasso, John J. Hamre, Cleve L. Killingsworth, Elizabeth J. Keefer, Cathy E. Minehan, . Donald M. Kerr, John P. Stenbit, General Montgomery C. Meigs, Honorary Members, Robert R. Everett, General Robert T. Marsh, Jack Ruina Boran, spy meters, Belfer Center Harvard, John P. Holgren.  and CounterPsyOps #1 The Ford Financed Belfer Center John P. Holdren (population reduction mad man) advocated forced sterilization of women and adding sterilants to food and water in his book Ecoscience. The Ford Foundation financed John P. Holdren’s Belfer Center located at Harvard. Investment banker Rowan Gaither headed the Ford Foundation and said their purpose was to “so alter the U.S. that it could comfortably merged with the Soviet Union“. (He also helped found the Rand Corporation) Conspirators are satisfied with assaulting the former independence thinking of the American people. A large segment has now accepted themselves as “global citizens”. The insiders have accelerated their dirty business of extermination. American’s have been anesthetized ready for their killing. The concerns for environment has been the perfect shield to hide the implementation of a “world tyranny.” Listed participants running the Belfer Center include John P. Holdren, two ex-heads of the CIA, John Deutch, and James Schlesinger (CFR/T) plus Nathan Rothschild and central banker Paul Volcker (T/B). John P Holdren (CFR) is an advisor to the president.  SeptermberClues and David E. Jeremiah has served continuously as a member of the Board of Trustees at the MITRE Corporation since 1999.  He is also a member of the Board of Directors at the Jewish Institute of National Security Affairs.    1996 Mitre Board  James Schlesinger is born to Rae and Julius Schlesinger, Jews in a predominantly democratic, liberal, Jewish immigrant community.
  • 2003 BAE Systems Board of Directors: Board of Directors Dick Oliver Chairman, Ian King Chief Executive, Peter Lynas Group Finance Director, Linda Hudson President & CEO of BAE Systems, Inc., Paul Anderson Non Executive Director, Harriet Green Non Executive Director, Michael Hartnall Non Executive Director, Lee McIntire Non Executive Director, Sir Peter Mason Non Executive Director, Paula Rosput Reynolds, Non Executive Director, Nick Rose  Non Executive Director, Carl Symon Non Executive Director  BAE Director Sir Peter Mason is the retired chief executive of AMEC (Pentagon Flight 77) plc, a British engineering firm with ties to N.M. Rothschild.  see 9/11 Inside Job
  • 2003 Rand Corp, annual report Frank Wisner, James A. Thompson (President), RQPI, Agency of International Development, World Bank, Martin van der Mandele, Ratan Tata, Matthew Fong, Paul Volcker, George Tanham,
  • 2003 Warburg Pincus board includes Robert M. Kimmitt, Henry A. Kissinger, Klaus Kleinfeld, Alan S. MacDonald, Joseph McLaughlin, Dale L. Ponikvar, Justin X. Ramsteck, David M. Rubenstein, Ulrike K. Schlafly, Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, Garrick Utley, Marie M. Warburg, Stanford S. Warshawsky 1go to more
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP   NFU
  • 2003 AlfredKewl  Raytheon  Senior officers include: William H. Swanson, Thomas M. Culligan, Keith J. Peden, Jay B. Stephens, David C. Wajsgras  and 2001 Board included: Daniel P. Burnham, Ferdinand Colloredo- Mansfeld, John M. Deutch, Thomas E. Everhart, John R. Galvin, L. Dennis Kozlowski, Henrique de Campos, Frederic M. Poses, Warren B. Rudman, William R. Spivey, Alfred M. Zeien
  • 2003  US Saudi forum Dr. Muhammad Sulaiman Al-Jasser was appointed Governor of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA) in February 2009. He joined SAMA as Vice Governor in 1995. His previous positions included Acting Deputy Minister of Finance for Budget and Organization as well as Executive Director for Saudi Arabia at the International Monetary Fund. Dr. Al-Jasser was awarded the King Abdulaziz Medal of the First Order. He also received the Euromoney (Emerging Markets) Award for Central Bank Governor MENA Region for the Year 2009, Arab Bankers Association of North America (ABANA) Achievement Award for 2010, and the ‘The Banker’ Award Central Bank Governor of the Year for the Middle East for 2011 Dr. Al-Jasser has been and is still involved as Chairman and Member of the Board/Council in various organizations and projects. They include the GCC Monetary Council, the Supreme Economic Council, the Public Investment Fund, the Group of Trustees of the Principles for Stable Capital Flows and Fair Debt Restructuring in Emerging Markets, the Plenary of the Financial Stability Board for Saudi Arabia, the Governing Body of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the Council of the Islamic Financial Services, the Higher Committee of King Saud University Endowment, the Fund for Supporting Research and Educational Programs at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Telecom Company, the Centennial Fund, the Saudi Arabian Negotiation Team on the Accession of Saudi Arabia to the World Trade Organization, The Arab Investment Company, the Saudi Arabian Mining Company, the “Technical Saudi Negotiating Team” for negotiations with “International Oil Companies,” the Saudi Public Pension Agency, Saudi Arabian Airlines, the Eisenhower Fellowships Nominating Committee for Saudi Arabia, and the Consultative Council of Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector. In addition, Dr. Al-Jasser served as Alternate Governor for the Islamic Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank Group.  see Yatedo
  • 2003 Martin Frost Conrad Black: Before his imprisonment for mail fraud in 2007 (he was reimprisoned in 2011), Canadian-born Lord Black of Cross Harbour was Chairman of Hollinger International and the owner of a number of newspapers and magazines including: the Daily Telegraph, Sunday Telegraph, Chicago Sun-Times, The Spectator, the Jerusalem Post and The National Interest. Most of these publications actively promoted the neo-conservative and pro-Israel line. In fact Black was close to a couple of the key neo-conservatives, among them the aforementioned Richard Perle, (go to Vulcans 1)whom he first met at Bilderberg 1 and later put on Hollinger's International Advisory Board;124 and Bush's future speechwriter David Frum, who attended a number of Bilderberg meetings as Black's guest.125 Black was vociferous supporter of the invasion of Iraq and made a number of outrageous claims in favour of the war. Writing in The Spectator in 2003, Black described Iraq as "an international terrorist supporting state" and Saddam the "standard-bearer of all the Arab world's militant Muslims." Iraq, he claimed, could only be disarmed through "regime change."126 Black's links to the both branches of the English Rothschilds are extensive. He first met Sir Evelyn de Rothschild at Bilderberg, and it was through N.M. Rothschild that Black later acquired the Daily Telegraph}21 Jacob was a member of the Hollinger Advisory Board and a guest at Black's wedding to Barbara Amiel in 1992; and he had Black and Amiel as his guests when he travelled to Israel to open the Rothschild-funded Supreme Court building later that year.128 Jacob was among the guests to the exclusive annual Hollinger dinner in 1998, alongside former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Henry Kissinger, former French President Valery Giscard  and Martin Frost Richard Perle also stands out as the only one of the nine neo-conservatives identified by Icke and Makow as "Rothschild agents" to have had any documented contact with the Rothschilds. The principal venue for this contact was the Hollinger International Advisory Board, with both Perle and Lord Jacob Rothschild identified as members in 1994.  and Springmeier Lord Peter Carrington Wikipedia is one of the key people running Hollinger, Inc. which is financed largely by Rothschild and Li money, and owns the Jerusalem Post and the Chicago Sun, and hundreds of other daily or weekend mainstream establishment newspapers. Sir Henry Kissinger also helps run Hollinger, Inc., which originally began as a British company procuring weapons from the United States during W.W. II. Lord Carrington and Sir Evelyn de Rothschild and Rupert Nicholas Hambro have ran The Telegraph Wikipedia, ( Conrad Black took control in 1986.) PLC, which has ties to the Bank of England and the British Royal Family. Hollinger, Inc.(Wikipedia) owns The Telegraph, PLC. Hollinger owned The Jerusalem Post  and Whale.to Eustace Mullins
  • 2003 WSWS Nadhmi Auchi ..  Total oil in France’s biggest postwar financial scandal By Keith Lee 11 July 2003 While oil companies are scrambling to take advantage of the vast profits to be made from the plunder of the Iraqi oil industry, one of those bidding for contracts—Total formerly known as TotalFinaElf—is currently involved in a court case in France that has exposed corruption on a vast scale that goes to the highest levels of the state. It has been called France’s biggest postwar financial scandal.   ...   The sale of Ertoil to Elf has formed a substantial part of the court case. Recently the person who brokered the Spanish deal, Nadhmi Auchi, gave evidence to the court. The French authorities in a statement published by Channel Four News said, “He has been charged on the warrant with three charges of conspiracy to defraud involving the takeover of Ertoil by General Mediterranean Holdings (GMH) Auchi’s arms company] and its subsequent sale to Elf between December 1990 and August 1994.”  Auchi is an Iraqi-born British businessman who has recently been extradited to France from Britain. It has taken the French authorities nearly two years to get the extradition as it was blocked by the Blair government. While in Britain Auchi developed some very powerful friends. Former Conservative Chancellor Lord Lamont was chosen to serve on the board of his Luxembourg banking company Cipaf and former Liberal Party leader Lord David Steel agreed to take up a directorship in Auchi’s arms company General Mediterranean Holdings. search terms: British Labour, close to Tony Blair,  Keith Vaz, MP, director of GMH, seventh richest Brit, was tried with Sadam Hussein for assassination, 1950's, established banking empire in Iraq, Britain and Luxembourg, deal maker, Battaglia, Elf Aquataine, more1
  • 2003 Washington Times Khodorkovsky's shares in the Russian oil giant Yukos have passed to renowned banker the Rt Hon Lord] Jacob Rothschild, under a deal they concluded prior to Mr. Khodorkovsky's arrest, the Sunday Times reported.  Jacob Rothschild had close links with Menatep only through the Open Russia Foundation whose trustee membership included Henry Kissinger. ....But Menatep failed to mention that the Open Russia Foundation was founded by Yukos Oil ...
  • 2004 MafiaToday the Triads and the Freemasons have become lifelong partners in crime and occult works - along with the Merovingian provided resources of not only arms, but also legitimate targets - and the influence of the mass media to indoctrinate criminals and dissent into obeying the Chinese state and the future Asian Union.
  • 2004 Rothschild Middle East     OECD  panelists: H.E. Dr. Sinan Al Shabibi, Governor, Central Bank of Iraq; Mr. Paul Reynolds, Chairman, Middle East Investor Relations Society; Senior Partner, Rothschild’s Middle East  see OECD   and possibly related people Khodor Mattar, Guillaume Basini Director, Investment Banking at Rothschild, Christopher Hawley Director at Rothschild, Raphael de Ricaud Head of Islamic Finance at Rothschild, Alex Carre de Malberg Global Head Investment and Merchant at CommercialBank...  Nikhil SenGupta, Majed al Mesmari Director- Financing Advisory at Rothschild, Mian Zaheen Managing Director at Rothschild.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index  TOP   NFU
  • 2004 EIR Peter Munk and London's hit squad Barrick Gold Chairman Peter Munk has floated to a high place in the British Empire's political-financial apparatus. Munk is chairman of Trizec, a huge real estate conglomerate which was taken over in virtual bankruptcy, and which holds a large part of Barrick's stock. Trizec had been the property of Munk's close friends, the Bronfmans, as front men for British intelligence and "Dope, Inc." London bankers around the Eagle Star Insurance Company. Munk and Barrick director Andrew Sarlos are very close associates of international speculator George Soros, in a grouping of Hungarian Jewish emigres. A personal investment director for Britain's Queen Elizabeth, Soros is the world's leading promoter of the legitimization of criminal enterprises, particularly narcotics. Munk is also a director of the Hollinger Corporation, the reactionary global newspaper conglomerate organized by British intelligence and "Special Operations Executive" Crown representatives. Hollinger Chairman Conrad Black was the primary sponsor of Brian Mulroney's career. Munk has said that he created the Barrick international advisory board on the model of the Hollinger Corp.' s advisory board, which features such close Bush allies as Margaret Thatcher, Henry Kissinger, and the Bronfmans. 1  link Barrick / Rothschild /   9/11
  • Michelle Obama  / Chicago CFR 1

    • 2004 LouisProyect Since 2004 Lester Crown has been the chairman of the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, a group whose longstanding board members include Michelle Obama , the present First Lady of the United States.  ...   Michael Federmann and Lester Crown solidify their Zionist interests by acting as representatives of the Jerusalem Foundation, an organization which ostensibly “seeks to create a just society for all citizens of Jerusalem” and was founded by the well-known Zionist the late Teddy Kollek.   ...   and Action Against Hunger board members include: Roger Thurow The Chicago Council on Global Affairs,  Yves-André Istel, Rothschild, Inc. and Robert de Rothschild Rothschild, Inc.    
    • Michelle Obama is on Board of Chicago Council of Global Affairs.  ...   Mrs. Obama worked in the Daley administration between Sept. 16, 1991, and April 30, 1993. She was hired by Jarrett, then Daley’s deputy chief of staff. (search: "Chicago Council on Global Affairs" Rothschild)  AbundantHope Zionist  
    • Craig Robinson is Barack Obama’s Brother-in-Law (Michelle's brother)... Robinson worked in the 1990s as a bond trader. He became a vice president at Continental Bank and worked there from 1990 to 1992. He was then a vice president, from 1992 to 1999, at Morgan Stanley Dean Witter. 4] Later he was a managing director and partner at Loop Capital Markets, a minority-owned boutique investment banking firm Wikipedia (link points to a China Bank, not Continental Illinois National Bank) for several years as well as vice president at Morgan Stanley Dean Witter. He was also a managing director and partner at Loop Capital Markets, a minority-owned boutique investment banking firm.  Wikipedia Craig Robinson.
    • Michelle Obama is on the Board of Directors in the Chicago branch of the CFR.   1
  • 2004 Seeker401 In 2004 Tony Blair brought Gaddafi in from the cold when the pair signed the so-called ‘deal in the desert’ during a highly symbolic meeting in Tripoli. The former Prime Minister introduced a UN resolution to lift sanctions against Libya after Gaddafi agreed to compensate victims of the Lockerbie atrocity. The rapprochement paved the way for a string of highly lucrative deals to be agreed between British companies and the oil rich state.  In 2009,...any trial or matters involving Saif or Megrahi would dredge up many names including Lord Mandelson (former Business Secretary), the Duke of York (The Prince Andrew, second son of Queen Elizabeth II), Nathaniel Rothschild, ...  Saif's PhD. at the London School of Economics, Sir Howard Davies, International Criminal Court.
  • 2004 KansasPress Hitler's Jewish Soldiers, The Untold Story of Nazi Racial Laws and Men of Jewish Descent in the German Military, Bryan Mark Rigg and comment: There were a number of Mischlings--i.e., half- and quarter- Jewish Germans--who were legally "Aryanised" by special license or document and many of them were in the high command. even Heydrich, who was the "Butcher of Prague" was part-Jewish and the part-Jews or 'Meschlings' seem to have been much more zealous in exterminating Jews as they had something to prove. The faster they removed the bulk of the Jewish population, the safer they made themselves.
  • 2004 Bollyn U.S. District Judge Alvin K. Hellerstein, the Orthodox Jew who oversees all 9-11 related cases, is seldom discussed in the news. While his name does appear occasionally in the press, for example when he sentenced a "terrorism financier" to prison in April, the secretive judge who handles all 9-11 tort litigation is virtually unknown to most Americans. This is intentional, of course, because any discussion of the Bronx-born judge would reveal his Zionist roots and close relationship to the state of Israel, where his son Joseph Z. Hellerstein lives on a Jewish settlement on the West Bank and practices law with one of Israel's most important law firms, Amit, Pollak & Matalon.   and Bollyn (Whale.to) Ellen Mariani, Widow's Motion Exposes 9-11 Judge's Ties to Israeli Defendant ICTS
  • 2004 NationalCorruptionIndex Lifelong Bush family functionary John Carter Beese was a director at Riggs National Bank, Washington D.C.’s largest, when evidence of international money laundering led to the bank’s downfall in 2004. Riggs Bank was fined more than $40 million dollars for hiding transactions involving the Saudi Royals and 9/11 money transfers, former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, and a corrupt regime in Equatorial Guinea.
  • 2004 TakeOurWorldBack Deborah S Simon (911Forum) is exposed as a link between 9/11 disinformation shills and billionaire Zionist families with close ties to the Israeli government. June: A hoax story is promoted about a billion-dollar gold heist at the WTC just before it collapsed.  ...   It is now evident that Deborah Simon - a woman who married into a wealthy family of Zionist billionaires - is a common link between many of the phony truth seekers and Zionist real estate billionaires who are in regular contact with Benjamin Netanyahu and the Israeli State. Deborah Simon is linked to Phil Jayhan (www.letsroll911.org), Tom Flocco, Karl Schwarz (aka Jon Carlson), John Kaminski, and is also believed to have partly financed the Loose Change video by Dylan Avery et al.
  • 2004 The French Rothschilds can supply the "vin", but look to the UK Rothschilds to provide the financial coup. N M Rothschild & Sons is the merchant banking arm and UK branch of the Rothschild family's financial empire. The company's services include investment banking, commercial banking, private banking, and asset management. Family company Rothschilds Continuation Holdings of Switzerland controls the firm, along with other Rothschild entities. The French and UK branches of the family consolidated their international banking operations through a joint venture known as Concordia, which owns a controlling interest in Rothschilds Continuation Holdings. Chairman, N M Rothschild & Sons and Rothschilds Continuation Holdings: Baron David de Rothschild  Concordia BV, ... which will take control of most of the assets of the British and French sides of the family.... Paris Orleans SA, will have 50% of Concordia
  • 2004 GlobalResearch  The plans were formulated in 2004. The previous year, Congress gave the Pentagon the green light to use thermo-nuclear weapons in conventional war theaters in the Middle East and Central Asia, allocating $6 billion in 2004 alone to create the new generation of "defensive" tactical nuclear weapons or "mini-nukes".    "In 2005, Vice President Dick Cheney ordered USSTRATCOM (Strategic Command) to draft a 'contingency plan' that included "a large-scale air assault on Iran employing both conventional and tactical nuclear weapons," Chossudovsky writes. The plan went beyond the terms of reference outlined in the Pentagon’s 2001 Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), which called for a "preemptive" "first strike use" of nuclear weapons against Russia and China as well as Iran and North Korea.  ...  The 2005 plan identified more than 450 strategic targets in Iran, including numerous alleged nuclear-weapons-program development sites. The plan, incredibly, was rationalized on a second 9/11 type attack on the US that Cheney believed Iran would allegedly support!
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP   NFU
  • 2004: IAmTheWitness Two years into an investigation of AIPAC’s (The American Israel Public Affairs Committee – the largest political lobbying group in the USA with over 65,000 members whose only purpose is to use the USA for the purposes of Israel) possible role as a spy front for Israel, Ashkenazi Jew, Larry Franklin, a mid-level Pentagon Analyst is observed by the FBI giving classified information to two officials of AIPAC suspected of being Israeli spies.   ...   AIPAC hires lawyer Nathan Lewin to handle their legal defense, the same lawyer who defended suspected Israeli spy Stephen Bryen in 1978. Larry Franklin worked in the Pentagon Office of Special Plans, run by Richard Perle, at the time Perle (who was caught giving classified information to Israel back in 1970) was insisting that Iraq was crawling with weapons of mass destruction requiring the United States to invade and conquer Iraq.    ...   There were no WMDs, of course, and Perle has dumped the blame for the, "bad intelligence," on George Tenet. But what is known is that the Pentagon Office of Special Plans was coordinating with a similar group in Israel, in Ariel Sharon’s office.    ...   With two suspected Israeli spies (at least) inside the office from which the lies that launched the war in Iraq originated, it appears that the people of the United States are the victims of a deadly hoax, a hoax that started a war using the blood and money of American citizens for the purposes of Israeli oppression.    ...   The leaking of the investigation of AIPAC to the media on August 28th, 2004 gave advance warning to other spies working with Franklin. The damage to the FBI’s investigation was completed when United States Attorney General John Ashcroft ordered the FBI to stop all arrests in the case. Like the Stephen Bryen case and the hunt for, "Mega," this latest spy scandal seems destined by officials who have their own secret allegiances to protect, barring a massive public outcry. Police near the Nuclear Fuel Services plant in Tennessee stop a truck after a three mile chase, during which the driver throws a bottle containing a strange liquid from the cab. The drivers turn out to be Israelis using fake identifications. The FBI refuses to investigate and the Israelis are released. Two Israelis try to enter Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, home to eight Trident submarines. The truck tests positive for explosives. The National Director of the ADL, Abraham H. Foxman, publishes a book entitled, "Never Again? The Threat Of The New Anti-Semitism," in which he states that the New Testament's "lie," that the ancient Pharisees were responsible for the death of Christ, has been responsible for anti-semitism throughout the millennia and thus the New Testament of the bible is, "hate speech," and should be censored or banned.
  • 2004 OpEdNews The Russians ... detained Senators Obama and Lugar in 2004 following a three day fact finding mission related to disarmament talks. .. they accused Obama of spying for the British (?) and demanded to search his aircraft (as he was leaving, not entering, the country).
  • 2004 Wikipedia Paul Desmarais is a member of the Board of Directors of Total SA and Suez. They frequently combine their European operations with the Belgian financier Albert Frere. Paul Desmarais (son) is also a member of the board and the Lafarge Group. The Desmarais family also maintains relations with the French Dassault industrial dynasties, Peugeot and Rothschild, among others. Nicolas Sarkozy has privatized companies in which the Power Corporation of Canada has invested. Through the Carlyle Group, several LNG port projects are under development with controversial Rabaska in Quebec and the Northern Medoc in France.
  • 2005
  • 2005: IAmTheWitness On January 20, President Bush makes the following statement as part of his second inaugural address, "When our Founders declared a new order of the ages." This is not true. The founders did not declare a, "new order of the ages," President Roosevelt did when in 1933, he put it's latin translation, "Novus Ordo Seclorum," on the dollar bill. On 7 July the London Underground Network is bombed. Israel’s Finance Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu is in London on the morning of the attacks in order to attend an economic conference in a hotel over the underground station where one of the blasts occurred, but stayed in his hotel room instead after he had been informed by Israeli intelligence officials attacks were expected. There are now only 5 nations on the world left without a Rothschild controlled central bank: Iran; North Korea; Sudan; Cuba; and Libya. Physics Professor, Stephen E. Jones of Brigham Young University publishes a paper in which he proves the World Trade Center buildings could have only been brought down in the manner they were by explosives. He receives no coverage in the mainstream media for his scientific and provable claims.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP   NFU
  • Timeline continued below
  • 2005  DailyMail.uk Siberia....four weary travelers to be able to warm themselves in front of the furnace of an enormous smelter — all wearing hard hats bearing the corporate logo of Rusal, the world’s largest aluminium producer. One of the men is Oleg Deripaska, the controversial Russian oligarch and boss of Rusal. He owns the gigantic Sayanogorsk plant near the tundra city of Abakan. At his side is his youthful British friend and adviser, the Honourable Nat Rothschild. ... and Peter Munk, the Canadian founder and chairman of the world’s largest gold-producing corporation. Mr Munk is a business partner of Deripaska and Rothschild. And the smiling man at the centre of this high-powered group? None other than Peter (now Lord) Mandelson, architect of the New Labour project, former close adviser to Tony Blair and Business Secretary in Gordon Brown’s Cabinet. At the time these photographs were taken, in January 2005, Mandelson was the EU Trade Commissioner. ...Daily Mail wins libel case against banker.
  • 2005 I4U Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI.; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger on 16 April 1927) is the 265th and current Pope, by virtue of his office of Bishop of Rome, the Sovereign of the Vatican City State and the leader of the Catholic Church, which includes the Latin Church and the twenty-two sui iuris Eastern Catholic Churches. Often regarded as the present successor to Saint Peter, Benedict XVI was elected on 19 April 2005 in a papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 24 April 2005, and took possession of his cathedral, the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. A native of Bavaria, Pope Benedict XVI has both German and Vatican citizenship.
  • 2005 July  ... the London Underground Network is bombed. Israel’s Finance Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu is in London on the morning of the attacks in order to attend an economic conference in a hotel over the underground station where one of the blasts occurred, but stayed in his hotel room instead after he had been informed by Israeli intelligence officials attacks were expected.
  • 2005 Clinton Global Initiative  Hillary Rodham Clinton (former first lady of U.S., 67th U.S. Sec. of State under Obama - Lynn Forester De Rothschild, friend, de Rothschild and other Clinton backers created the website Together4us.com Clinton supporters - Clinton Global Initiative, member - Broadcasting Board of Governors, Governor - Voted for Financial Markets Bail out Bill 10/1/08  .... Lynn Forester de Rothschild also major contributor to Bill Clinton Foundation
  • Trilateral Commission, Obama, Rothschild    Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • 1973: CliffordShack David Rockefeller asked Zbigniew Brzezinski to put together an organization of the top political, and business leaders from around the World. He called this group the Trilateral Commission (TC). Wikipedia, Rense member list1
    • Counterpsyops Schlesinger / Mitre Corporation  Listed participants running the Belfer Center include John P. Holdren, two ex-heads of the CIA, John Deutch, and James Schlesinger (CFR/T) plus Nathan Rothschild and central banker Paul Volcker (T/B)  ... Trilateral members.
    • CounterCurrents Trilaterial member James Johnson was on Obama’s vice presidential vetting team. He stepped down after questions surfaced about loans he received from Countrywide Financial Corp., a key player in the U.S. housing crisis.  Other Obama North American Trilateral members in Obama’s inner circle include Brzezinski, former Clinton Secretary of State Madeleine Albright see Rothschild connection to Madeleine Albright, Michael Froman of Citigroup, and former Congressman Dick Gephardt, along with Dennis Ross, Middle East envoy for Clinton and the first President Bush, and James Steinberg (Preventive War, A Useful Tool). Additional Trilateral members of team Obama include Warren Christopher and Clinton National Security Advisor Anthony Lake.   ...  with the appointment of James Rodney Schlesinger,... a Trilateral approach is already underway   .... SunTimes -Laura Jarrett married Tony Balkissoon wedding ... see attendees: Susan Sher, Dr. Barbara Bowman, Newton and Jo Minow, (Harvard Martha Minow), John Levi (Sidley partner that hired Obama), Martin Nesbitt (treasurer of Obama campaign); Eric and Cheryl Whitaker (Strategic Affiliations); Vernon and Ann Jordan (UofChicago trustee emeritus); John Rogers (Ariel Investments, grew up with Jarrett, see Desiree Rogers); Antoinette Cook Bush (a Jarrett cousin who is a partner at Skadden); Eric Holder & wife Sharon Malone (Jarrett friend & Michelle O.); Allison & Susan Davis (Davis's law firm); Dan and Fay Hartog Levin (Daley staffer, resigned from Ambassador to the Netherlands)   LovetheTruth Peter Rupert Lord Carrington, who is the chairman of the Bilderbergers. has been the Rothschild’s director of their 1 Rio Tinto Zinc Corp.    He also is director of Barclay’s Bank and part of the Trilateral Commission  member list1
    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
    • Lieberman, Nancy A. – a partner of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & From LLC
    • Webster Tarpley / DeepJournal Joseph Nye is the North American Director of the Trilateral Commission and a big wheel of the Bilderberger Group.... see ‘soft power', ...  and Obama's economics team, ... Austin Goolsby, who is a professor of economics at the University of Chicago, this means he belongs to these infamous Chicago boys founded by Milton Friedman.  ... a Skull and Bones  free trader.  ... the British have signaled who the new enemy is, with the Alexander] Litvinienko story and the Anna] Politkovskaya story, both created by Boris Berezovsky - a Russian oligarch working for British intelligence – they have signaled that the new enemy is now the people in Moscow.  ... this rogue B-52 that flew from North Dakota to Louisiana with six live nuclear cruise missiles on board, was supposed to go to the Middle East and attack Iran, Sept 6, 2007, Syria, ... Brzezinski hates Russia ... his son .. Ian Brzezinsky runs John McCain's foreign policy and writes a lot of McCain's foreign policy material.   Brzezinsky says to the neocons: ‘You bunglers'.  ‘We gave you the clash of civilizations as an idea' and he says: ‘What you should have done is to play these different countries one against the other. The essence of imperialism is you don't attack Iraq , you play Iran against Iraq. You don't attack Venezuela , you play Colombia against Venezuela. ‘And ultimately you don't attack Russia ' he says, ‘You play China against Russia  ... but both Moscow and Beijing know exactly what Brzezinski is doing.  ... Obama is nothing, no pedigree, His pedigree is first of all the Ford Foundation.  ...  Ayres hired Obama to become president of the board of the Edinburg – Chicago Challenge, which is yet another foundation funded effort at social engineering and racial conflict inside the Chicago school system  the Soros foundations and in particularly this institution called The Albert Einstein Institution, with its head Gene Sharp. These are the people who organize color revolutions, coup d'états under human rights cover, invasions under human rights cover and things of this sort.  Zbigniew Brzezinski is the guru of the entire campaign.
    • LooseChange9/11 Trilateral members in Obama administration
  • 2005  Wikipedia Douglas Neville Daft AC .. is an Australian businessman.  He graduated from the University of New England in Armidale, New South Wales in 1963 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in Mathematics. In 1970 he graduated from the University of New South Wales to get a Diploma of Admin. He was CEO of Coca-Cola (2000–2004). In 2005, he was made a Companion in the Order of Australia (AC) for his leadership in the global business community. He is currently a Corporate Director of Wal-Mart.  Douglas Daft now is advisor for Rothschild and sits on the Board of Trustees for preeminent Thunderbird School of Global Management.
  • Timeline,    Summary,    Alphabetic index   TOP   NFU
  • 2005 Nov Haaretz Report: Israel to hand control of Jerusalem holy site to Vatican Haaretz  2005 By Amiram Barkat Israel is to give the Vatican control over one of the most sacred Christian sites in Jerusalem, several European newspapers have reported recently. According to the reports, Israel will give the Holy See possession of the Coenaculum, or the Room of the Last Supper (also known as the Upper Room or the Cenacle), on Mount Zion.  and see YitchakRabin
  • 2006 WMR  October 23, 2006 -- Informed Saudi sources report that Saudi Arabia's official policy banning alcohol pursuant to the strict Wahhabi Muslim policies of the government and clergy has a major caveat. If you wish to have alcohol delivered to your home in Saudi Arabia for domestic consumption, you can do so. Special import routes and distribution networks exist to deliver the alcohol but at a tremendous markup. For example, a liter of Scotch whisky costs $150. And who benefits from this monopoly? The group that handles it exclusively -- members of the ruling House of Saud. The House of Saud + Johnnie Walker = $150 per liter, home delivered Scotch in Riyadh and Jeddah. So it appears that the Sauds have created a religious predicate for their prohibitionist policy in order to ensure their market supply, demand, and commodity profits. Al Capone could not come up with a better ruse.
  • 2006 January 30: Lord Michael Abraham Levy (Wikipedia), "tennis partner" of puppet prime minister Tony Blair and in reality intermediary between Blair and the Zionist Mafia, is re-arrested on suspicion of conspiring to obstruct justice in the cash-for-honors scandal.  Wikipedia Levy was arrested and questioned in connection with the "Cash for Honours" inquiry by the Metropolitan Police on 12 July 2006 (whereby it was suggested that monies were paid to political parties for Honours in particular peerages). 2] In July 2007 the Crown Prosecution Service dropped the charges against him.  and Bollyn Michael Abraham Levy, or "Lord Levy," was known as "Lord Cashpoint" when he was the leading fundraiser for the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
  • 2006 Human Rights Watch 2011 annual report, member list, Chicago: Margaret "Peg" Duncan, Co-Chair Carolyn Grisko, Co-Chair Judy Gaynor, Founding Co-Chair Susan Manilow, Founding Co-Chair Jobi Cates, Director and also David de Rothschild and Peter Forstmoser of IISS. Chicago partners include: Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation), The Atlantic Philanthropies, Ford Foundation, Nationale Postcode Loterij, MacArthur Foundation, Oak Foundation, Arcadia, Stichting Vluchetling, Stichting Democratie en Media  HRW Chicago
  • 2006 Wikipedia Father Peter Hans Kolvenbach, Superior General emeritus of the Society of Jesus, in Goa, India,  2006.  Superior General of the Society of Jesus, the largest male Catholic religious order.  Wikipedia Society of Jesus  The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ, or SI) is a Christian male religious order that follows the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits and are also known colloquially as "God's Marines" 2] and as "The Company", these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and members' willingness to accept orders anywhere in the world and live in extreme conditions.  The Society participated in the Counter-Reformation and later in the implementation of the Second Vatican Council in the Catholic Church.  ... In Latin America,the Jesuits have had significant influence in the development of liberation theology, a movement which has been highly controversial in the Catholic theological community and condemned by Pope John Paul II on several fundamental aspects.  Criticized by  Malachi Martin.   and ForbiddenKnowledge Black Pope, Jesuit Order, Jean-Baptist Janssens, Pedro Arrupe, Count Hans Kolvenhoof, Church of the Jesu, Headquarters of the Knights of Malta, part of Vatican City, worship Lucifer, don't believe in Satan, Black Mass, see author Jean Lacoutre, Jesuits,  Jesuits aligned with Pope wrote the Protocols of the Learned Elders, create 'sports' as distractions, Jews work for the Mafia, Jesuits are SS of the Catholic Church.
  • Connect Vernon Jordan, Wasserstein, Emanuel, Lazard to Rothschild    Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • Wikipedia Vernon Jordan1  ...  Since January 2000, Jordan has been Senior Managing Director with Lazard Freres & Co. LLC, an investment banking firm. He is also a member of the board of directors of multiple corporations, including American Express, J.C. Penney Corporation, Xerox, and Dow Jones & Company.  He took Bill Clinton in 1991 to the Bilderberg conference in Germany... violation of Logan act?
    • Go to Vernon Jordan board membership information and Vernon Jordan, connections Lauders, Bronfmans
    • Wasserstein & Perella  Both Rahm Emanuel 1 Wikipedia 1 and  Vernon Jordan Wikipedia were employed by Wasserstein.    See Bruce Wasserstein (Wikipedia)
    • Wasserstein merged with Dresdner, connections to BCCI Baltimore Sun 2000, Telegraph M&A, Biblioteca Pleyades BCCI, Fountain Court BCCI Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein, 1 search: Wasserstein Rothschild
    • IISS  Field Marshal The Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank GCB LVO OBE  He is a Director of N M Rothschild & Sons Limited; a Visiting Professor and Honorary Fellow of King’s College London University; Chairman of the Trustees of The Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives; a Member of the Steering Committee of The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Washington DC.
    • 1999 USAToday by Jack Kelley USA Today ... More than a year after the U.S. Embassy bombings in East Africa, prominent businessmen in Saudi Arabia continue to transfer tens of millions of dollars to bank accounts linked to indicted terrorist Osama bin Laden  ...  The money transfers were discovered in April after the royal family ordered an audit of NCB and its founder and former chairman, Khalid bin Mahfouz, U.S. officials say. Mahfouz is now under "house arrest" at a military hospital in the Saudi city of Taif, intelligence officials said.  ...   His successor, Wikipedia Mohammad Hussein Al-Amoudi, also heads the Capitol Trust Bank in New York and London, which U.S. and British officials are investigating for allegedly transferring money to bin Laden. Amoudi's Washington lawyer, Vernon Jordan, could not be reached for comment.  FreeDominion Jordan
    • 1996 Independent.UK NM Rothschild yesterday merged its equity capital markets businesses worldwide with ABN Amro (Algemene Bank Nederland), the Dutch bank, ... Sir Evelyn de Rothschild, chairman. .Bernie Myers, a Rothschild managing director, said the deal gave the bank stronger international distribution than it had with Smith New Court.  Wikipedia  LaSalle Bank Corporation was the holding company for LaSalle Bank N.A. and LaSalle Bank Midwest N.A. (formerly Standard Federal Bank). With US$116 billion in assets, it was headquartered at 135 South LaSalle Street in Chicago, Illinois. LaSalle Bank Corporation was formerly an indirect subsidiary of Netherlands-based ABN AMRO Bank N.V., one of the world's largest banks, with total assets of EUR 986 billion, more than 3,000 locations in over 60 countries and a staff of more than 105,000. Bank of America acquired LaSalle Bank Corp. effective October 1, 2007 and officially adopted the Bank of America name on May 5, 2008.
    • WakeUpFromYourSlumber Rothschild donates to Rahm Emanuel  CampaignMoney
    • 1996 Bloomberg ABN AMRO Rothschild LLC, a joint venture between ABN Amro Inc. and Rothschild Groups,...  The company was founded in 1996 and is based in London,  Alliance Insurance was started by the Rothschilds as a competitor of Lloyd's of London...it is known under variations of the 'Alliance' name 'Allianz' ...   Allianz bought Dresdner in 2001, in its biggest acquisition,  ...
    • 1996 Wikipedia Dresdner Kleinwort was a British-based investment bank. It disappeared as a brand from the world of investment banking in September 2009, when its remaining businesses adopted the Commerzbank branding.  .. Rahm Emanuel worked for Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein Wikipedia 1 ...  Dresdner Kleinwort was established in July 1995 when Kleinwort Benson was acquired by Dresdner Bank. It added global reach through the acquisition of the US investment bank Wasserstein Perella in 2001 (from Bruce Wasserstein). The Frankfurt branch of the bank was instrumental in initiating trading in emissions credits in 2003. In 2004, the Russian government hired Dresdner Kleinwort to value Yukos's Yuganskneftegaz which was later sold to Russian state oil major Rosneft. In January 2006, the bank became the target of a $1.4 billion class action suit by six employees alleging bias and systematic discrimination against female workers.... Wikipedia In 2002 Dresdner Bank became a wholly owned subsidiary of the insurance corporation Allianz.(Rothschild) In July 2006 Dresdner Kleinwort, dropped Wasserstein from their name and went through a re-organization of corporate bank, capital markets and investment bank. The arm made up of Capital Markets and Investment Banking. In 2008 it was reported that Allianz was looking to dispose of Dresdner Bank. .. August 2008, Commerzbank announced that it would acquire Dresdner Bank for EUR 9.8 billion. Dresdner Bank was legally merged with Commerzbank in May 2009 and ceased to be an independent entity  Wikipedia Dresdner Bank was known as the bank of choice for Heinrich Himmler's SS. The bank took part early on in the Third Reich's policy of confiscating Jewish property and wealth. The bank helped to finance concentration camps, including Auschwitz. The bank was closely involved in the occupation of Europe, "essentially acting as the bank of the SS in Poland". Gazprom Dresdner Bank attempted to get a banking operating license in Saint Petersburg, where former KGB agent Vladimir Putin was in charge of foreign economic relations. Dresdner Bank appointed Matthias Warnig, a former Stasi agent and Vladimir Putin's former KGB contact, to negotiate with Putin. The office was opened in 1991.  Warnig became Chairman of the Board of Directors of Dresdner Bank ZAO, Dresdner Bank Russian subsidiary. The bank has had a lucrative business relationship with Gazprom and the state oil company Rosneft. The bank advised on the forced sale of Yukos assets.   see Intestment Banks find the best Dresdner-Kleinwort-Wasserstein  ... Rahm Emanuel 1  and see Lazard  and Vernon Jordan 1  and Bankers Trust   Skolnick  GlobalRealm the-international-oil-drugs-guns-kissinger-associates,  ProjectWorldAwareness money laundering,
    • Wikipedia Lazard past chairman  Alexandre Lazard, Elie Lazard and Simon Lazard (founders), Alexandre Weill, David David-Weill, Pierre David-Weill, André Meyer, Michel David-Weill, Bruce Wasserstein (Wikipedia) (2005–2009)   board of directors: Kenneth M. Jacobs, Ashish Bhutani, Richard Parsons, Steven J. Heyer, Hal S. Scott, Sylvia Jay, Vernon E. Jordan, Jr. Philip Laskawy, Laurent Mignon, Gary Parr, Michael J. Turner. notable former employees: Marcus Agius - Chairman of Barclays, Sir Philip Hampton - Chairman of Royal Bank of Scotland, Former Chairman of Sainsbury's and UK Financial Investments Limited, Jean-Marie Messier - Chairman & CEO of Vivendi (1996–2002), Andre Meyer - Famed American investment banker, advisor to Kennedy family, President Lyndon Johnson, John Nelson - Chairman of Lloyd's of London, Chairman of FTSE 100 property company Hammerson, Mark Pincus - Internet entrepreneur, Co-founder of Zynga, Simon Robey - Head of Morgan Stanley UK and Co-Chairman of Global M&A, Nathaniel Rothschild - Co-Chairman of Atticus Capital LLC, William von Mueffling - Founder of Cantillon Capital Management, Adjunct Professor at Columbia Business School, Ken Wilson - Vice Chairman BlackRock. Public Officials: Ron Bloom - Senior official in the Obama Administration, Robert Henry Brand, 1st Baron Brand - a member of "Milner's Kindergarten", Robert Fred Ellsworth - Former U.S. Congressman, U.S. Ambassador to NATO, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Nixon adviser, Wouter Gabriels - Former Chief of Staff to Prime Minister of Belgium Guy Verhofstadt, Robert Kindersley, 1st Baron Kindersley - British public servant, Lord Mandelson - British politician, held Cabinet positions under both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, Simon Sebag Montefiore - British historian and writer
    • Dean Henderson When the Rothschilds Dial 9/11 and Rothschild  Tariganter 9/11..banksters
    • Lazard,  Gerald Rosenfeld 1 rejoins Lazard pdf  Mr. Rosenfeld served as Chief Executive Officer of 1 Rothschild North America  from 1999 until 2007. Previously, he was President of G. Rosenfeld & Co., an investment banking firm he founded in 1998. Prior to joining Lazard in 1992, Mr. Rosenfeld held management positions at 1 Bankers Trust Company  Salomon Inc. and its Salomon Brothers subsidiary, and McKinsey & Company ... Independent ABN Amro and Rothschild merge.
    • Ironically, Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein (Wikipedia) is part of Allianz AG, the firm that helped bankroll the Nazis in Germany in the early 1930s along with Brown Brothers Harriman, for whom George W. Bush's grandfather, Prescott, was a principal. Prescott also partnered in deals with German industrialist Fritz Thyssen, a major upporter of Adolf Hitler.
    • DeepPoliticsForum Jordan / Rothschild  
    • 1 Trilateral Commission Vernon Jordan Mormons were Freemasons NATO / al Qaeda / Zionist / Saudi cabal Privitization Le Cercle Money Laundering Syria 1 chart
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  • 2006 Scoreboard-Canada Boeing wins Secure Border Contract: 2. One of the Boeing partners is Kollsman, Inc. It is described as an Elbit systems of America company. . 3. Elbit Systems is Israel's largest privately owned high tech defense contractor. 4. The largest shareholder in Elbit (ESLT) is Michael Federmann. 5. Michael Federmann is on the Board of Governors of the Weizmann Institute. with  "Lord Rothschild" and Sir Ronald Cohen who was the leader of Apax Partners. Apax owned IFCO Systems which was recently the target of the largest illegal alien worker bust in USA history. What this means at a minimum is that the owner of the largest shares of stock in the biggest illegal aliens hiring firm raided in USA history sits on the same Board at the Weizmann Institute with the largest owner of shares in a firm that is supposed to be Boeing's 'partner' in helping to secure the border from the very illegals caught in the raids.
  • 2006: IAmTheWitness The Edmond De Rothschild Banque, a subsidiary of Europe's Edmond De Rothschild family bank group in France, becomes the first foreign family bank that has obtained approval of the China Banking Regulatory Commission and entered China's financial market.
  • 2006  Telegraph.co.uk British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) has appointed NM Rothschild, the investment bank, to advise on the impending £1bn sale of British Nuclear Group, its nuclear clean-up arm.
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  • 2006  Gerald Rosenfeld 1 is Chief Executive Officer of Rothschild North America. Prior to joining Rothschild he was President of G Rosenfeld & Co LLC, an investment banking firm. Prior to founding GR Co in 1998 he was Head of Investment Banking and a member of the Management Committee of Lazard Freres & Co LLC. Mr. Rosenfeld joined Lazard in 1992 after holding significant management positions at Bankers Trust (Tariganter) Company, Salomon Inc. and its Salomon Brothers subsidiary and McKinsey & Company. Mr. Rosenfeld is a member of the Board of Directors of Case Corporation, of Continental Grain Company and of the Jewish Theological Seminary and also serves on the Board of Overseers of New York University's Stern School of Business.  and ...  Enron was a McKinsey client, and Jeffrey K. Skilling, the onetime Enron executive now in prison, had been a McKinsey partner. More recently, McKinsey consultants told General Electric in 2007 not to worry about a credit crunch, according to Jeffrey R. Immelt, G.E.’s chief executive.
  • 2006 PolitcalVelcraft  PolitcalVelcraft When Putin was elected president of Russia in 2000, Russia was bankrupt. The nation owed $16.6 billion to the Rothschild-run International Monetary Fund while its foreign debt to the Rothschild-controlled Paris & London Club Of Creditors was over 36 billion dollars. But Putin took advantage of the current boom in world oil prices by redirecting a portion of the profits of Russia’s largest oil producer Gazprom so as to pay off the country’s debt. The continual surge in oil prices greatly accelerated Russia’s capacity to restore financial sovereignty. By 2006 Putin had paid off Russia’s debt to the Rothschilds. Russia’s financial dependence on the Mafia financiers was now over. Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a Russian Rothschild Cabalist, gained his fortune along with many other Mafia oligarchs, by exploiting the Yeltsin era’s privatizations. With the backing of Jacob Rothschild, Khordorkovsky started the Menatep Banking Group just prior to the fall of Rothschild Communism in 1990.  In 1995, Khordorkovsky bought Yukos Oil for $350 million. He became one of the world’s richest men with a personal worth of at least $1 billion. In October of 2003 Khordorkovsky was arrested for embezzlement. As most wealthy Rothschild Chameleons who use their financial power to subvert their host nation, Khodorkovsky set himself up as a critic of Putin’s efforts to unite Russia politically, culturally, and spiritually. Khordorkovsky spent millions of dollars to overthrow Putin by funding “democratic reforming parties” by which Banking Cabalists take control of their host nation. This was the reasons for the propaganda riots in Russia during Putin’s Election Campaigns.
  • 2006 LaRouchePac n the year 2001, Lord Jacob Rothschild set up a high-level penetration operation into Russia called the Open Russia Foundation, which was shut down by Russian authorities in March 2006. The foundation was merely one of a number of intelligence operations launched by Rothschild to exert control of Russia through corrupt Russian oligarchical circles. Rothschild, himself, was a member of the board of trustees of the Open Russia Foundation, which was sponsored by the YUKOS oil company. Other members of the Board of Trustees included: Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Henry Kissinger, Arthur Hartman, and Dr. Mikhail Piotrovsky.The first launch of the Open Russia Foundation took place in December 2001 at Somerset House in London, United Kingdom, which is owned by the Rothschild's Family Trust. The Open Russia Foundation had its United States launch on September 18, 2002 in Washington, DC. The bank accounts of the Open Russia Foundation, led by Russian oligarchy Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, were frozen by Russian authorities in March 2006.
  • 2006 ClaresWinney Peter Sutherland, the man standing with one foot in Goldman-Sachs, and the other on the burning Transocean-Halliburton-BP oil rig, as being the Consultor of the Extraordinary Section of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See. In other words, Sutherland is the chief financial adviser to the Pope. Holy Spirit-filled Catholics are encouraged to petition the Vatican to denounce Mr. Sutherland immediately. In 2010, Mr. Sutherland finished a 13-year stint as Chairman of BP, Europe’s largest oil company. A former Attorney General of Ireland, he is President of the Federal Trust for Education and Research, a British think tank whose efforts might better be called corporatist indoctrination than trustworthy “education.” He is Chairman of The Ireland Fund of Great Britain, and a member of the advisory council of Business for New Europe–a pro-New-World-Order European think-tank based in Britain. From 1993-95, Sutherland was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization. In January 2006, the current Non-executive Chairman of Goldman Sachs International, was appointed by United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, as his Special Representative for Migration.  Wikipedia   Sutherland was a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group until he was asked to leave the board when it had to be taken over by the UK government to avoid bankruptcy. He also formerly served on the board of ABB. He is on the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group 1, he is an Honorary Chairman of the Trilateral Commission (2010 -), he was Chairman of the Trilateral Commission (Europe) (2001–2010) and was vice chairman of the European Round Table of Industrialists (2006–2009).  Trilateral Commission member list1
  • 2006 Dec Ameinfo and DIFC.ae Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, Ruler of Dubai and President of the Dubai International Financial Centre last Thursday 21st December, received David de Rothschild, the well-known investment banker and Chairman of Rothschilds Continuation Holdings AG, and Gerhard Schröder, the former Chancellor of Germany and Senior Adviser to Rothschild at the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC), during their visit to the UAE.  ...   Earlier this month, Rothschild received a license from the Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA) to operate as an authorized firm from the DIFC.   ...   These meetings took place with His Excellency Mohammed Al Gergawi, UAE Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs, His Excellency Dr. Omar Bin Sulaiman, Governor, Dubai International Financial Centre, His Excellency Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, Executive Chairman of Dubai Ports World/ Nakheel Group of Companies, Mr. Mohammed Omran, Chairman Etisalat, Mr. Saeed Al Hajeri, Chairman of Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank (ADCB), Mr. Waleed Al Mokarrab, Chief Operating Officer, Mubadala Development and Khalifa Al Kindi, Deputy Managing Director, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority.
  • 2006 Honorary members of IBCA: Lewis Harris MBE - Hon President, Amb. Matthew Gould, Amb. Daniel Taub , Miri Eisin, Lord Janner , Dr. L. Kopelowitz JP , Lord Michael Levy, Pr Prof. Moshe Many. Dame Shirley Porter DBE, Dan Propper , Lord Rothschild, Ralph Rurka, Prof. The Viscount Samuel, Sir David Sieff, Lord Weidenfeld, Leah Zinder  Dr. Alan Webber Chairman Prof. Alex Deutsch Vice Chairman Roger Lavender Hon. Treasurer Yigal Levine Hon. Secretary Adrian Blumenthal Jeanette Cannon Brian Harris Brenda Katten Sam Lewis Amb. Moshe Raviv Austen Science Yigal Yardeni
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  • 2006 WMR  Owner of West Virginia mine a big donor to Democratic Leadership Council-affiliated candidates. Wilbur Ross, Jr.(Wikipedia), the Chairman of the Board of International Coal Group, the operator of the safety hazard-ridden Tallmansville, West Virginia mine where 12 miners died after an explosion, has been a contributor to Democrats who are mostly associated with the anti-union, pro-business Democratic Leadership Council. Ross, described as a "vulture capitalist," is a bankruptcy expert for the Rothschild bank in New York. His Ashland, Kentucky-based International Coal Group specializes in buying up bankrupt mines like the Sago mine in Tallmansville where unions are now non-existent  Wikipedia For three years he ran a private-equity fund within Rothschild
  • 2007 Christopher Bollyn Lord Rothschild is president of Jewish Policy Research.  When Tony Blair and his Zionist handler "Lord Cashpoint" fell from power in June 2007, Gordon Brown, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, assumed the office of prime minister, upon the approval of Queen Elizabeth II. Prior to becoming prime minister, Brown had served ten years as Chancellor of the Exchequer, the minister responsible for economic and financial matters in Britain.    ...   Prime Minister Brown, in turn, is bankrolled and controlled by Lord Ronald Cohen, who has replaced the beleaguered and disgraced Lord Levy. The Egyptian-born Cohen is described as "Sir Ronald Cohen, the daddy of England’s private equity industry and a bosom buddy of Prime Minister Gordon Brown."    ... Ronald Cohen with Gordon Brown at a Jewish Policy Research (JPR) reception at 11 Downing Street in June 2001.
  • 2007, WMR reported that Ogilvy Government Relations, which acquired the Federalist Group and its vestige firms Hall, Green and Rupli and the Berman Group, was linked to the McCain campaign. Wayne Berman, the founder of the Berman Group, was a major fundraiser for George W. Bush's "Pioneers" big money contributors and has reportedly been with the McCain campaign since the Spring of 2007. (search Rothschild) Within the last two weeks, John Green (formerly of Hall, Green and Rupli, which was merged into Ogilvy) took a leave of absence from Ogilvy and now acts as the McCain campaign's congressional liaison chief.  ...   Ogilvy Government Relations, which acquired the Federalist Group and its vestige firms Hall, Green and Rupli and the Berman Group, was linked to the McCain campaign  OpenSecrets
  • 2007 Oct 2164thblog there is considerable circumstantial evidence to argue that the nuclear armed B-52 was part of an apparent covert operation, outside the regular chain of constitutional military command. The alleged authority responsible for this was Vice President Cheney. He very likely used the Secret Service to take charge of a contrived National Special Security Event involving a nuclear armed B-52 that would be flown from Minot AFB. The B-52 was directed to Barksdale Air Force base where it would have conducted a covert mission to the Middle East involving the detonation of one or more nuclear weapons most likely in or in the vicinity of Iran. This could either have occurred during a conventional military strike against Iran, or a False Flag operation in the Persian Gulf region.  see NFU1
  • 2007 FreshPlaza The Bharti-Rothschild combine is likely to rope in Del Monte Corp as a third partner for its Indian joint venture export company, the Business Standard reported.  Rakesh Mittal, the vice-chairman of Bharti Enterprises, who is in charge of the initiative, had earlier said the business model would be changed by July this year.  Wikipedia Bharti, search: Airtel, Sunil Bharti Mittal, Walmart, Comviva, octopus
  • 2007 ... DebtEliminationAmerica ...following the retirement of Sir Evelyn de Rothschild as head of NM Rothschild & Sons of London, the English and French firms merged to become one umbrella entity called "Group Rothschild." Ownership was shared equally between the French and English branches of the family under the leadership of David de Rothschild. In 2007, the English branch sold their share to the French branch. The French branch now fully own NM Rothschild & Sons. 911 was a false flag terror attack masterminded by the global elite.
  • 2007 GovTrack HR 2755 IH 110th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2755 To abolish the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal reserve banks, to repeal the Federal Reserve Act, and for other purposes. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES June 15, 2007 Mr. Ron Paul introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services
  • 2007 Israelmatsav In 2007, I reached the conclusion that Barack Hussein Obama was bad news for Israel based on who his friends are. Ali Abunimah (Wikipedia).. Abunimah has also written that Obama gradually shifted to a pro-Israel position during his rise to the presidency.  Edward Said (Wikipedia) was a Palestinian literary theorist and advocate for Palestinian rights, Rashid Khalidi (Wikipedia)  is a Palestinian American historian, Jeremiah Wright (Wikipedia) - ... and it wasn't a good direction for Israel.
  • 2007 Wan Press A French philosopher and an Italian media magnate are among a crew of investors that has picked up shares in France's troubled Liberation newspaper to help turn its finances around. Edouard de Rothschild, a millionaire banker who is the daily's biggest shareholder, brought the new investors in after clinching a deal to rescue the newspaper from bankruptcy  ...  Rothschild, who holds 38.7 percent. AFP, January 5, 2007 and LifeWhile Borse Dubai will take over a 28% stake NASDAQ holds in the LSE. see Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum, OMX Group ... and Tharawat NASDAQ Dubai, DFM
  • 2007 Wikipedia Putin came into office when the worst regime was established: the economy was "totally decentralized", and "the state had lost central authority, while the oligarchs robbed the country and controlled its power institutions." In two years Putin has restored hierarchy of power, ending the omnipotence of regional elites as well as destroying political influence of "oligarchs and oligopolies in the federal center.  and RealJewNews  By 2006 Putin had paid off Russia’s debt to the Rothschilds. Russia’s financial dependence on the Jewish financiers was now over. Putin could then establish what became his Russian Unity Party’s 2007 campaign slogan: Putin’s Plan Means Victory For Russia! This slogan continues to make the New World Order Jews very nervous.  and Wikipedia Russian Oligarchs  Boris Berezovsky, Konstantin Kagalovsky  Roman Abramovich  Oleg Deripaska,  Mikhail Prokhorov, and still Vladimir Potanin and Vitaly Malkin. Roustam Tariko and here are oligarch links to Rothschild that Wikipedia failed to mention Washington Times/fpp Arrested oil tycoon passed shares to banker,
  • 2007 AdvocateBlog in 2007, where numerous inquiries and warnings were sent by the New York Fed to all sorts of parties, but of course it was too little, too late. Among the alarms the New York Fed supposedly picked up involved the Libor reporting rate, and Barclays was a bank that was questioned due to its reporting of its rate. Thus, an analyst in the New York Fed Markets group asked a Barclays employee about their Libor reporting problems.
  • 2008 Wikipedia LaSalle Bank Corporation (now Bank of America) was the holding company for LaSalle Bank N.A. and LaSalle Bank Midwest N.A. (formerly Standard Federal Bank). With US$116 billion in assets, it was headquartered at 135 South LaSalle Street in Chicago, Illinois. LaSalle Bank Corporation was formerly an indirect subsidiary of Netherlands-based ABN AMRO Bank N.V., one of the world's largest banks, with total assets of EUR 986 billion, more than 3,000 locations in over 60 countries and a staff of more than 105,000. Bank of America acquired LaSalle Bank Corp. effective October 1, 2007 and officially adopted the Bank of America name on May 5, 2008.  ProjectAwareness ABN Amro fines for laundering drug money
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  • 2008 FreeWestRadio In 2008, GM sold 8.35 million cars and trucks globally ...Despite three years of record sales, GM lost $18.8 billion during the first 6 months of 2008; by late October, its stock had dropped 76 percent, and it was considering a merger with Chrysler.At the time the GM-Chrysler merger was being considered, Chrysler was primarily owned (80.1 percent) by the private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management, L.P., headed by Stephen A. Feinberg and Jacob Ezra Merkin. .... It should be noted that Feinberg and Merkin also controlled General Motors Acceptance Corp. (GMAC), the financial services branch of GM. GM sold 51 percent of GMAC in 2006 to Feinberg’s private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management LP, and Jacob Ezra Merkin became chairman of GMAC. Had the merger gone through, Feinberg and Merkin would have probably become majority owners of both GM and Chrysler. This appears to have been the plan. Feinberg and Merkin, the owners of GMAC, had plundered and conspired to bring down GM so that they could take it over. When Cerberus gained control of GMAC, they hurt GM’s domestic sales by raising the credit requirements for car loans. Feinberg and Merkin reportedly raised the credit requirements so high that they caused a very sizable chunk of sales to be lost due to customers’ inability to secure financing. Cerberus reportedly used this tactic to pressure GM into selling or trading their remaining stake in GMAC. 2008 'Marion Cotillard sparked a political row yesterday after accusing America of fabricating the 9/11 attacks.
  • 2008 Tom Hartman forum Lord Jacob Rothschild and Rupert Murdoch have invested in an Israeli venture to produce oil from bituminous-bearing rock (shale) in the Elah Valley in the Judean Hills. Last week, they acquired 11 percent in equal shares of Genie Energy Corporation unit Genie Oil and Gas Inc. for a total of $11 million.   ...  Genie Energy, a subsidiary of IDT Corporation, is the parent company (89%) of Israel Energy Initiatives Ltd., which holds an exclusive shale-oil exploration and production license covering 238 square miles in the Adulam district, which is between Beit Shemesh and Beit Guvrin. The company believes its shale-oil cracking technology can free the world from dependence on Arab oil and turn Israel into an energy powerhouse able to produce 300 billion barrels of non-conventional oil at a cost of up to $40 per barrel.
  • 2008 Troyspace the balance of power between the Rothschilds, British Royalty & the Papacy, not from Garter or Bath, includes Rothschild Papal and Royal Knights, Order of Henry the Navigator, Order of Merit, Order of St. John, Order of the British Empire, Papal Knights  I would draw your attention to the two following articles which reveal many of the covert connections in European (& thus international) finance, politics, military & intelligence. These give a taste of the extent of influence of Catholic & Papal-loyal elites, including knighthood orders such as the SMOM (Knights of Malta) & Franco-Neapolitan branch of the Constantinian Order. The Venetian & Genoese aristocracy & their so called Black Nobility descendants are given some context here too: LaRouchePub and ISQP Le Cercle How anyone can think that the Rothschilds are the pinnacle of power is beyond me. Very powerful? Yes. The mind behind the all-seeing eye? No way. We have to look much deeper beyond these Kabbalistically-minded businessmen.
  • 2008 BBC Ex-US President Jimmy Carter has said Israel has at least 150 atomic weapons in its arsenal. He also described Israeli treatment of Palestinians as "one of the greatest human rights crimes on earth".  
  • 2008 Texemarrs Discover also how Rothschild and Zionist Jews brought Red China’s Mao Tse Tung to power; who really killed President John F. Kennedy; the attack on Christianity by Michael Jackson’s Jewish rabbi; the hidden bloodline of conservative talk show host Rush Limbaugh and how it affects his performance on air; the final testament and warning of Protestant Reformer Martin Luther; the stunning two million dollar bribe paid to President Harry Truman; the Babylonian black magic practiced by kabbalistic rabbis; and the real reason why U.S. military forces are in the Middle East.
  • 2008 AntiOligarch The U.S. has assiduously worked to ensure that Chinese, Russian and Iranian influence in Central Asia and Afghanistan is blocked and instead promotes the economic, transportation and security integration of the region through the Pentagon-NATO Northern Distribution Network. The U.S. and NATO intend the NDN to supplant the SCO as the engine of economic and security integration in Central Asia.
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  • 2008  JewishTerrorism Jewish terrorist bombings and assassination of Hakim and his followers!!! From: http://www.serendipity.li/iraqwar/lee01.htm U.S. Backed Mossad Agents Involved in Hakim's Assassination to Flee Iraq  ...  TEHRAN (Mehr News Agency) -- The U.S. Central Command helped 15 Mossad agents involved in the assassination of Ayatollah Mohammad Baqer al-Hakim to flee Iraq, an Egyptian weekly magazine disclosed on Monday. ... The U.S. Central Command was sure that the agents of the Zionist intelligence service Mossad had planned and executed the assassination with the help of some elements from the U.S. and Iraqi spies, Al-Osboa weekly said.   ...  The U.S. Centcom acquired conviction about the plot after examining the explosives used in the operation; the explosives which were highly advanced are used only by Mossad, the weekly added. ... The main goal of the Zionists is sowing discord among Muslims, especially the Shia, because they are aware of the people's great attachment to clerics such as martyr Ayatollah Baqer al-Hakim, who have been making efforts to unite the people in order to prevent the domination of Iraq and the plunder of its resources.
  • 2008 Reu-ters An 85-year-old former U.S. Army employee pleaded guilty on Tuesday to acting as an unregistered agent of Israel and admitted he gave classified documents to the Jewish state in the 1980s. Court documents show the defendant, Ben-Ami Kadish, reported to the same handler (MEGA) as Jonathan Pollard, an American who spied for Israel in the 1980s and triggered a scandal that rocked U.S.-Israeli relations. Kadish's plea indicates the Israeli spy network that obtained U.S. nuclear secrets through Pollard spread further than previously acknowledged. It comes as the Bush administration considers a new request by Pollard for a commutation of his life sentence. Prosecutors say Ben-Ami Kadish provided classified documents, including some relating to U.S. missile defense systems, to an Israeli agent, Yosef Yagur, who photographed the documents at Kadish's residence. Yagur was one of Pollard's handlers, according to court documents. From 1980 to 1985, Yagur asked Kadish to obtain classified documents, which Kadish retrieved from the U.S. Army's Picatinny Arsenal in Dover, New Jersey, according to Kadish's sworn statement. (Is Rahm Emanuel Mega?1)
  • 2008 Whale.to / Bollyn One of Axelrod's clients was Michael R. White (Wikipedia), who was mayor of Cleveland from 1990 to 2002. (see 9/11, Flight 93). Mayor Michael White of Cleveland .. summary: Mayor White, most corrupt administration in Cleveland's history, bribery ...his 'bagman Nate Gray serving 15 years in prison, see Judge James Gwin, 2008. Central figure in corruption is Samuel H. Miller (MarketWatch), lowered Sam Miller's property tax by $56 million and played a key role in the deception of 9-11(false report of landing of Flight 93)..see Ratner family, racketeering, extortion, ...The Ratner family, which Miller married into, controls Forest City Enterprises (LA Indymedia). Ricardo Teamor, one of the co-defendants in the racketeering and extortion scheme with Nate Gray, told the FBI that Mayor White, Gray, and Miller had regular business dinners at the Ritz Carlton hotel for years. According to Teamor, Gray said that Miller controlled White and told the mayor what to do. Miller was White's biggest financial backer when, as a little-known state senator, White ran for mayor in 1989. Miller is also a national leader in Zionist and Jewish causes. He is, for example, the national chairman of the United Jewish Appeal (UJA)(Wikipedia and United Israel Appeal, Wikipedia), a past chairman of the Cleveland Jewish Welfare Fund and Israel Bonds, and a member of the board of trustees of the Jewish National Fund. Miller is also the father of Aaron David Miller (Wikipedia), who served for two decades at the Department of State as senior adviser to six Secretaries of State, where he was involved in formulating U.S. policy on the Middle East and the Arab-Israel peace process. The Zionist Jew Sam Miller ran the city of Cleveland... When David Axelrod worked his television magic to get Michael White elected mayor, he was really working for Sam Miller. While Miller ran the city of Cleveland .while his son Aaron (center) crafted U.S. policy in the Middle East for two decades. Here Aaron Miller talks with the war criminal and genocidaire Ariel Sharon.  go to Axelrod / Rothschild / Emanuel  see New York Times Baron Elie de Rothschild retained a hand in the family’s banking enterprise, ..known for raising money for the United Jewish Appeal.
  • 2008 Shanghai Daily Bank of China said yesterday it will buy a 20 percent stake in La Compagnie Financiere Edmond de Rothschild for 236.3 million euros (US$340 million) and the two will develop private banking and asset-management services.
  • 2008 May, AdvocateBlog US Treasury Officials were apparently debriefed on the situation. On June 1, then New York Fed President Timothy Geithner then notified the Bank of England via email as recommendations on how to handle Libor.
  • 2008 The Washington Post(March 2008) informs us that "Sen. John McCain plans ...a fundraiser in London. An invitation sent out by the campaign says the luncheon will be held at Spencer House, St. James's Place, 'by kind permission of Lord Rothschild OM GBE and the Hon Nathaniel Rothschild
  • 2008 NLPC Jesse Jackson Jr. Denies Role in $6M scheme to bankroll Blagojevich ... search terms: Raghuveer Nayak ...contradicts Jackson's assertions that he hadn't tried to buy Barack Obama's pending vacant Senate seat in the weeks prior to Election Day 2008.
  • 2008 comment: Barrack Obama was the head of the Joyce Foundation which basically funded the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCE) into existence and appointed Maurice Strong (Rothschild Zionist) to head the CCE. and just a Obama birther note: Breitbart Obama The-Vetting-Barack-Obama-Literary-Agent-1991-Born-in-Kenya-Raised-Indonesia-Hawaii 
  • 2008 Blue State Digital A full service new media agency. .. develops multiplatform digital marketing and online engagement campaigns for nonprofit and advocacy organizations, political candidates and causes, and brands and businesses. Leadership: Jascha Franklin-Hodge, Thomas Gensemer, Joe Rospars, Rich Mintz Rob Blackie (Europe) Clients include Obama, Jewish Federations, United Way, DCCC, AT&T.  and see Macon Phillips Wikipedia   and Jesse Lee Wikipedia   
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  • 2008 LameCherry It is the same with the Rockefellers in they are top dogs in America, but the Rothschilds in Europe who are the old Ashkenaz Mayer family rule the pound and pound everyone, including Bill Clinton for crossing them. This is what was behind Hillary Clinton being humiliated in having to give up the presidency to Obama in Bill Clinton sold Asian uranium which the Rothschild cartel stated like all the world, was their property. This is how George Soros goes into Romania being an Ashkenaz and tells Romanians that the gold is his, and they can not mine it even in their own country.
  • 2008 Dec Wikipedia The Madoff investment scandal broke in December 2008 when former NASDAQ chairman Bernard Madoff admitted that the wealth management arm of his business was an elaborate Ponzi scheme.  One of the most prominent promoters was J. Ezra Merkin, whose fund Ascot Partners steered $1.8 billion towards Madoff's firm.
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  • 2008 WhiteHouse.gov  Senior Advisor Valerie Jarrett, 1 Valerie B. Jarrett is a Senior Advisor to President Barack Obama. ...see Obama-Biden Presidential Transition Team, and Senior Advisor to Obama's presidential campaign. ...held positions in both the public and private sector, including the Chairman of the Chicago Transit Board, the Commissioner of Planning and Development for the City of Chicago, and Deputy Chief of Staff for Mayor Richard M. Daley. She also practiced law with two private law firms. Jarrett also served as Chairman of the Board of the Chicago Stock Exchange, Director of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, and Chairman of the University of Chicago Medical Center Board of Trustees. see Wikipedia  In 1983 Jarrett married Dr. William Robert Jarrett, son of famed Chicago Sun-Times reporter Vernon Jarrett  ... Jarrett got her start in Chicago politics in 1987 working for Mayor Harold Washington 8] as Deputy Corporation Counsel for Finance and Development,  Jarrett continued to work in the mayor's office in the 1990s. She was Deputy Chief of Staff for Mayor Richard Daley, during which time (1991) she hired Michelle Robinson, then engaged to Barack Obama, away from a private law firm. Jarrett served as Commissioner of the Department of Planning and Development from 1992 through 1995, and was Chair of the Chicago Transit Board from 1995 to 2005   ...   Until joining the Obama Administration, Jarrett was the CEO of The Habitat Company, a real estate development and management company which she joined in 1995. She has been replaced by Mark Segal, a lawyer who joined the company in 2002, as CEO. Daniel E. Levin is the Chairman of Habitat, which was formed in 1971. Jarrett was a member of the board of Chicago Stock Exchange (2000–2007, as Chairman, 2004–2007).  She is also the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago Medical Center, Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago and a Trustee of Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry. Jarrett serves on the board of directors of USG Corporation, a Chicago based building materials corporation.  and Nndb   White House Staff Director, Office of Public Liaison (2009-)  and see Valerie Jarrett ties to Thomas Ayers 1
        The Habitat Company President and CEO (2007-09),  The Habitat Company EVP (1995-2007), Illinois State Official Chairman, Chicago Transit Authority (1995-2003),  Illinois State Official Chicago Department of Planning and Development Commissioner,  Illinois State Official Deputy Chief of Staff for Mayor Richard M. Daley,  Illinois State Official Chicago Deputy Corporation Counsel, Finance and Development, Member of the Board of Chicago Stock Exchange (2000-07, as Chairman, 2004-07), Member of the Board of Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (2006-07), Member of the Board of Navigant Consulting, Inc.,  Member of the Board of USG (1998-),  Chicago Museum of Science and Industry Trustee,  Carol Moseley Braun for President,  Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee 
        Gephardt for President, German Marshall Fund Board of Directors, John Kerry for President, Joyce Foundation Board of Directors,  New Leadership for America PAC, Obama for America,   Obama for Illinois 
  • 2008 OrganizedRage  Fred Goodwin the former boss of bankrupted RBS group walked away with a pension pot of £16 million
  • 2008 Rolling Stone Goldman Sachs accepted a $3 million bribe from J.P. Morgan Chase to permit Chase to serve as the sole provider of toxic swap deals to the rubes running metropolitan Birmingham – "an open-and-shut case of anti-competitive behavior," as one former regulator described it.
  • 2008 Oct The Washington Post, “Islamic Banking: Steady In Shaky Times”, reported: “As big Western financial institutions have teetered one after the other in the crisis of recent weeks, another financial sector is gaining new confidence: Islamic banking. Proponents of the ancient practice, which looks to sharia law for guidance and bans interest and trading in debt, have been promoting Islamic finance as a cure for the global financial meltdown. Ben Ali's son-in-law El Materi at the opening of his Zitouna Bank, North Africa's first Islamic bank,
  • 2009 Reu-ters Rio says to raise $21 billion through a rights issue and announces joint venture with BHP.  Japanese, Chinese and European steelmakers join forces to fight the Rio-BHP plan, while China calls for "a fully open international market." The German Federal Cartel Office issues a statement saying it would prohibit the merger
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  • Timeline continued below
  • World Wide Housing Crisis created by Central Banks, Rothschild   Top

    Libor Thomson Reuters 9/11 Rothschild North America Obama / Romney B'nai Brith  Rahm Emanuel BCCI Bain Hitler Soros The British Chatham / Aspen
    • Sachs to Soros to Rothschild
    • Rahm Emanuel was named to the Board of Directors of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) by President Clinton in 2000.During Rahm's time on the board, Freddie Mac was plagued with scandals involving campaign contributions and accounting irregularities. The Obama Administration rejected a request under the Freedom of Information Act to review Freddie Mac board minutes and correspondence during Emanuel's time as a director,  The Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO) later accused the board of having "failed in its duty to follow up on matters brought to its attention." Emanuel resigned from the board in 2001 when he ran for Congress.   ...  January 2003, Emanuel was named to the House Financial Services Committee, and sat on the subcommittee that oversaw Freddie Mac,   Emanuel won re-election to the House, defeating Republican candidate Tom Hanson. Open Secrets reported that Emanuel "was the top House recipient in the 2008 election cycle of contributions from hedge funds, private equity firms and the larger securities/investment industry". Securities and investments business interests were the main sector contributing to Emanuel's campaigns in both 2006 and 2008, During his original 2002 campaign,  go to Emanuel / Bnai Brith
    • See Rahm Emanuel's connections to Rothschild via Wasserstein & Perella, Vernon Jordan, Lazard, Dresdner...and 1.
    • 2009 Patrick Mcmullin Richard and Laura Parsons Wikipedia (Obama economic advisory team) 1 with Evelyn de Rothschild, Lynn Forester de Rothschild pic  and 4 Trader  Richard Parsons, the former chairman of Citigroup Inc is back on the board of a financial services company Investment bank Lazard Ltd  He stepped down at Citigroup's annual meeting in April, after serving as a director for 16 years and chairman since February 2009. During his tenure at Citi, the third-largest U.S. bank required multiple government bailouts during the financial crisis but showed signs of revival under Chief Executive Officer Vikram Pandit.
    • EUChronicle When talking about the Greek debts causing the first state-bankruptcy in Europe after WWII one hardly hears anything about those who benefited from that debt. It is a known fact that Deutsche Bank AG, Goldman Sachs, Nathan Meyer Rothschild, HSBC, Lazard Freres SAS, and others had made billions by speculating with Greek bonds and Credit Default Swaps (CDS) and later were employed by the Greek government as “advisors” to select the raisins in the pie that need to be privatized in order to fulfill the Troika’s demands. Then, ALPHA BANK A.E., N M Rothschild & Sons Ltd. and UBS Ltd. got appointed by the Greek government to sell off table silver. Of course, all these banks have rich clients who might want to buy the profitable pieces of Greece's assets
    • 2012 Commondreams  Shadow Banking System .... Here is a working hypothesis, suggested by Martin Andelman: securitized mortgages are the “pawns” used in the pawn shop known as the “repo market.” “Repos” are overnight sales and repurchases of collateral. Yale economist Gary Gorton explains that repos are the “deposit insurance” for the shadow banking system, which is now larger than the conventional banking system and is necessary for the conventional system to operate. The problem is that repos require “sales,” which means the mortgage notes have to remain free to be bought and sold. The mortgages are left unendorsed so they can be used in this repo market. Gorton observes that there is a massive and growing demand for banking by large institutional investors – pension funds, mutual funds, hedge funds, sovereign wealth funds – which have millions of dollars to park somewhere between investments. But FDIC insurance is designed to protect individual investors and covers only up to $250,000. The large institutional investors want an investment that is secure, that provides them with a little interest, and that is liquid like a traditional deposit account, allowing quick withdrawal. The shadow banking system evolved in response to this need, operating largely through the repo market. “Repos” are sales and repurchases of highly liquid collateral, typically Treasury debt or mortgage-backed securities—the securitized units into which American real estate has been ground up and packaged, sausage-fashion. The collateral is bought by a “special purpose vehicle” (SPV), which acts as the shadow bank. The investors put their money in the SPV and keep the securities, which substitute for FDIC insurance in a traditional bank. (If the SPV fails to pay up, the investors can foreclose on the securities.) To satisfy the demand for liquidity, the repos are one-day or short-term deals, continually rolled over until the money is withdrawn. This money is used by the banks for other lending, investing or speculating. All Behind the Curtain of MERS The housing shell game was made possible because it was all concealed behind an electronic smokescreen called MERS (an acronym for Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc.). MERS allowed houses to be shuffled around among multiple, rapidly changing owners while circumventing local recording laws. Title would be recorded in the name of MERS as a place holder for the investors, and MERS would foreclose on behalf of the investors. Payments would be received by the mortgage servicer, which was typically the bank that signed the mortgage with the homeowner. The homeowner usually thinks the servicer is the lender, but in fact it is an amorphous group of investors. This all worked until courts started questioning whether MERS, which admitted that it was a mere conduit without title, had standing to foreclose. Courts have increasingly held that it does not. Ellen Brown president of the Public Banking Institute,