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  • Liberty Writers News Paris Swade ... Democrats shed huge crocodile tears after 109 of the 32,000 foreign passengers were detained at U.S. airports this weekend. The fake news media isn’t covering the fact that Obama banned Iraqi refugees for six months in 2011 and Democrats didn’t say a damn thing. Starbucks Corp CEO Howard Schultz said that the company plans to hire 10,000 refugees over the next five years. According to Bloomberg, Starbuck’s CEO (who announced Fortune he was stepping down in Dec 2016, effective Apr 2017) Howard Schulz said that the company will hire 10,000 refugees over the next five years in response to Trump ordering a suspension of refugees into the U.S. Starbucks is in direct conflict with the immigration ban and will do “everything possible to support and help them to navigate through this confusing period,” said Schultz. If Starbucks decides to hire employees based on nationality that is against the law. That violates U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission rules, according to The Gateway Pundit. Image Source: EEOC According to the EEOC: “Under the laws enforced by EEOC, it is illegal to discriminate against someone (applicant or employee) because of that person’s race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity, sexual orientation, and pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to retaliate against a person because he or she complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.”
  • Forward ... Starbucks Doesn't Mix Coffee With Politics ... It took only a few hundred online activists to bring coffee shop giant Starbucks to denounce as “unequivocally false” claims that the company and its founder support Israel financially. The chain’s immediate disavowal of ties to the Jewish state, issued in a public statement on August 5, could be seen as a victory for the movement promoting an economic boycott of Israel. But Starbucks argues it is no more than a tempest in a venti cup. The statement, Starbucks officials told the Forward, was merely an attempt to “set the record straight” and a reiteration of long-standing policies. But for Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz, the Seattle coffee magnate who grew up in a modest Brooklyn Jewish family, dealing with Israel has always been a touchy issue. In 2004 he was accused by supporters of the Jewish state of caving in to Arab pressure when he moved to shut down Starbucks operations in Israel. At the same time, the coffee king came under fire from pro-Arab activists for backing Zionist organizations in America. When trying to run a multinational mega-business, Schultz has learned, addressing customers’ political sensitivities is a balancing act.
  • DumpStarbucks We are urging customers across the globe to 'Dump Starbucks' because it has taken a corporate-wide position that the definition of marriage between one man and one woman should be eliminated and that same-sex marriage should become equally 'normal'. As such, Starbucks has deeply offended at least half its US customers, and the vast majority of its international customers. On January 24th, 2012, Starbucks issued a memorandum declaring that same-sex marriage 'is core to who we are and what we value as a company. Starbucks also used its resources to participate in a legal case seeking to overturn a federal law declaring marriage as the union of one man and one woman. In many areas of the world where Starbucks does business, the concept of 'gay marriage' is unheard of and deeply offensive to cultural, moral and religious values. In taking these actions, Starbucks has declared a culture war on all people of faith (and millions of others) who believe that the institution of marriage as one man and one woman is worth preserving. A portion of every cup of coffee purchased at a Starbucks anywhere in the world goes to fund this corporate assault on marriage. We urge consumers across the globe to join the 'Dump Starbucks' campaign. In addition to Starbucks coffee shops, the Starbucks Corporation also owns Seattle's Best Coffee, Verismo single-serve coffee system, Evolution Fresh, Tazo Tea, Torrefazione Italia Coffee, and La Boulange. Please sign the Petition to register your protest.
  • VeteransToday ... Starbucks Attempts Deflection from Association with Zionist War Crimes Against Humanity ... World Closes in on the Criminality of Israel Grinding Starbucks Coffee Starbucks Owner Stands with Netanyahu Criminal Version of Israel and Murder of Children Putting Coffee Giant at Serious Global Risk By Johnny Punish ... In 1998, the Jerusalem Fund of Aish HaTorah gave him “The Israel 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Tribute Award” for “playing a key role in promoting a close alliance between the United States and Israel.” In 2002, Israel’s Foreign Ministry praised him for being key to the country’s long-term PR success, through his provocative speeches accusing Palestinians of terrorism, calling intifada resistance anti-semitism, asking Americans to back Israel against a common enemy, and sponsoring fund raisers for Israeli causes.
Index
Kosher Tax    top
Boycott
   
  • GreenPeace Families against Bush,
  • Infact.org Boycott Kraft
  • Inminds.UK Jews Against Zionism
  • Innovative Minds Boycott Israel, News
  • The Great Boycott Net member list
  • Karma banque short selling strategy for boycotts of COKE, MRK, MCD, etc. do
  • Jenni "Emiko" Kuida Boycott Disney, Eisner made $189 million annually, a Disney sweatshop worker makes 30 cents an hour ($700 annually)....
  • Marxist.de 51 Documents, Zionist Collaboration with the Nazis
  • Memebee Soviet Tech from the West
  • MonaBaker.com Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions
  • Mother Earth international campaign for disarmament, ecology, human rights
  • QuitUSA  Don't buy from Esso, Why?
  • PakAlertPress Six Zionist Companies Own 96% of the World's Media
  • Pakistan Observer Nov 2, 2012  22 groups urge EU to boycott Israeli settlers products   ...  Ankara— a boycott would undercut their economic reason for staying there.  The Palestinians want to establish a state in the occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem and besieged Gaza and say settlements steal their own territory. About 311,000 Israeli settlers and 2.5 million Palestinians live in the occupied West Bank.   
  • Protest.net  Boycott Bush, Exxon Day
  • Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign 
  • Spend for Peace  toolkit, links, New Zealand 
  • StopEsso  boycott Esso, Exon, kyoto, global warming info
  • Stop the Wall 
  • TheAge  boycott the Oscars, search
  • The Boycott Israeli Goods Campaign,
  • Transcend Media  ...  by Mya Guarnieri – Al Jazeera Israelis explain why they joined the Boycott Divestment Sanctions movement. It was Egypt that got me thinking about the Boycott Divestment Sanctions (BDS) movement in a serious way. It is not just the settlements and the occupation, two sides of the same coin, which pose a serious obstacle to peace and infringe on the Palestinians’ human rights. It is everything that supports them – the government and its institutions. It is the bubble that many Israelis live in, the illusion of normality. It is the Israeli feeling that the status quo is sustainable.
  • Truthout firefighters boycott 9/11 Tribute
  • Takeaction Burman, Unocal, Levi
  • VeteransToday 400 richest, Jews, Israel Zionists
  • World Socialist Website  It is surely no coincidence that the day before Anders Breivik’s attack on the youth camp at Utoya, the participants there declared their support for a Palestinian state and for an economic boycott, and urged a stronger stand against Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. I understand also that Norway’s Foreign Minister visited the camp on its second day of rallies and addressed the group. So, in killing over 90 people at the camp, Breivik wiped out a considerable number of people who had potential to be future leaders of a more socialist-oriented Norway
  • notes: Breivik massacre:  In March, the leader of the Socialist Left, Kristen Halvorsen, the Minister of Education of Norway and a former Finance Minister, called for military action against Israel if it attacked Gaza. The Socialist Left and Labor Party, along with the Norwegian Peace Association and the Norwegian energy and telecommunications union, strongly support the Boycott Israel campaign, which includes backing the pan-European Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) committee and an embargo on arms sales to the Jewish state. In August 2010, the Norwegian pension fund divested in two Israeli companies controlled by Israeli billionaire Lev Leviev, Africa Israel Investments and its subsidiary Danya Cebus.
  •  Who Profits?,   and the .
  • ADL Anti Defamation League
  • Boycottwatch  
  • Boycottnet  poor white rural  Republicans
  • Boycott Hollywood Right Voices. 
  • This technology company that manufactures computer processors and other hardware components employs thousands of Israelis and has exports from Israel totaling over $1 billion per year.  They are one of Israel’s oldest foreign supporters, having established their first development center outside of the US in 1974 in Haifa.  Al-Awda (the Palestinian Right to Return Coalition) has urged action against Intel for building a facility on the land of former village Iraq Al Manshiya, which was cleansed in 1949.  Bay Area Campaign to End Israeli Apartheid 
  • Forbes 400 richest, Zionists
  • JTA 150 out 400 richest are Zionist
  • SBGI NewsCentral Mailbag to send comments
  • SBRF Russian banking history, SBERBank
  • Mark Hyman
  •  Orthodox Union
  • Oter-Israel Boycott Israel
  •  Sabra This brand of hummus, baba ghanoush and other foods is co-owned by Israel’s second-largest food company The Strauss Group and Pepsico.  On the “Corporate Responsibility” section of its website, The Strauss Group boasts of its relationship to the Israeli Army, offering food products and political  Bay Area Campaign to End Israeli Apartheid   support.
  • Sara Lee holds a 30% stake in Delta Galil (see #2) and is the world’s largest clothing manufacturer, which owns or is affiliated with such brands as Hanes, Playtex, Champion, Leggs, Sara Lee Bakery, Ball Park hotdogs, Wonderbra, and many others.  Similar to L’Oreal (see #4), a representative of Sara Lee received the Jubilee Award from Netanyahu for its commitment to business with Israel. Bay Area Campaign to End Israeli Apartheid 
  • Sinclair Broadcasting Group, partial list of advertisers: : Halls Fruit Breezers, Sylvan Learning Centers, Kentucky Fried Chicken, ITT Tech, Ford Motor Company, Yahoo DSL, Isuzu, Hardees, Taco Bell, Toyota, Warner Brothers, Century 21, Prudential, Zigzagzone.com, Cnn.com, General Motors, Geico, Pepsi, Mountain Dew, Titan TV, Iams, Miller Lite, Ringling Brothers, Oak Express, ABC Solutions, Kentucky Lottery, Florida Lottery, NFL, Lincoln Mercury, H&R Block, Pontiac
  • Republican Gear  If Bush blames the Democrats for the Iraq War failure they will lose the 2008 election
  • Shabak
  • Sinclair lawsuits: George Butler (of Swift Boat film), copyright infringement
  • Time Magazine named Bush Person of 2004
  • Wikipedia Boycotts of Israel
  • Wikipedia Orthodox Union
  • Wikipedia Religious Zionism
  • KarmaBank Of our boycotted co's, these have the highest Boycott Vulnerability Ratios: Monsanto 7.12 Yahoo! 5.63 Coca-Cola 4.78 Microsoft 4.49 Apple 4.31   Altria/Philip Morris 4.08 7-Eleven 3.21 Pfizer 3.14 Eli Lilly 2.99 Wells Fargo & Co.
  • AntonyLowenstein If Europe was serious, boycotting Zionist colonies is just the beginning Typ­i­cally as­tute Gideon Levy col­umn in Haaretz: Eu­rope is wak­ing up. The for­eign min­is­ters of that con­ti­nent will soon issue reg­u­la­tions that will oblige prod­ucts from the set­tle­ments to be marked as such. Good morn­ing, Eu­rope. Jerusalem, as usual, is fum­ing; it al­ways fumes when any­one dares to men­tion the set­tle­ments. Jerusalem is in favor of boy­cotts but of course not those against Is­rael. It is in favor of eco­nomic sanc­tions but, heaven for­bid, not against the set­tle­ments. The truth is that Jerusalem can calm down. This is merely a min­i­mal step, of sym­bolic im­por­tance, un­avoid­able, but not any­thing that will bring about a change. Per­haps they will buy less gin­ger from Tekoa in the su­per­mar­kets of Paris’ 16th arondisse­ment but the set­tle­ment en­ter­prise will con­tinue to flour­ish. Of course, every con­sumer with a con­science in the world is en­ti­tled to know whether he is buy­ing blood di­a­monds from Africa; sneak­ers man­u­fac­tured in the sweat shops of Asia; per­fumes tested on an­i­mals; stolen goods, or prod­ucts from stolen lands. Eu­rope owes this to its cit­i­zens; they should know what they are buy­ing. Just like they should know what the com­po­nents and nu­tri­tional val­ues are of every item, it is their right to know what their moral and legal val­ues are. After that, every con­sumer can de­cide for him­self whether to smear his body with cream from the oc­cu­pied shores of the Dead Sea or to drink Mer­lot wine from the oc­cu­pied Golan Heights. It is dif­fi­cult to un­der­stand how the con­sumer or­ga­ni­za­tions in Eu­rope did not de­mand this oblig­a­tory in­for­ma­tion until now. Is­rael should ac­tu­ally wel­come this step. If it is so con­vinced that the set­tle­ment en­ter­prise is jus­ti­fied, why com­plain about mark­ing the prod­ucts it pro­duces? On the con­trary, if the en­ter­prise is so jus­ti­fied, per­haps mark­ing the goods will lead to greater con­sump­tion? Being angry might still hint that Is­rael is ashamed of its set­tle­ments. The set­tlers should have marked their prod­ucts a long time ago; just as blue-and-white prod­ucts give rise to pride among many con­sumers in Is­rael and abroad, so the set­tle­ments’ pro­duce should give their pro­duc­ers a feel­ing of pride. But Is­rael and the set­tlers know that this is a prob­lem­atic en­ter­prise, to put it mildly, and that is why they are so de­ter­mined to hide the source of prod­ucts from the oc­cu­pa­tion. By re­veal­ing this Is­raeli em­bar­rass­ment, Eu­rope has al­ready achieved some­thing im­por­tant. But this achieve­ment is not suf­fi­cient. An­other con­clu­sion can be de­duced from the re­sponse by For­eign Min­is­ter Avig­dor Lieber­man. He was quick to at­tack the Eu­ro­peans’ in­ten­tions and said it was proof of “a lack of un­der­stand­ing of the re­al­ity in the field.” And once again, Lieber­man is cor­rect: The “re­al­ity in the field” is that the oc­cu­pied ter­ri­to­ries long ago be­came an in­sep­a­ra­ble part of the one coun­try – the Green Line has be­come blurred, and is as though it had never ex­isted. That being the case, there is no longer any point to mak­ing prod­ucts that come from the ter­ri­to­ries; all of Is­rael gives them its back­ing, whether by agree­ment or by re­main­ing silent. There­fore, the con­clu­sion to be drawn from Lieber­man’s preach­ing is that Eu­rope must not make dis­tinc­tions or sep­a­rate be­tween things. Do not mark what comes from the set­tle­ments. If you want to try to in­flu­ence Is­rael, to put pres­sure on it to end the oc­cu­pa­tion, boy­cott all of its pro­duce. Jerusalem that op­poses mark­ing prod­ucts from the set­tle­ments tells Eu­ro­pean con­sumers that they should not make a dis­tinc­tion. In this way, it is ex­pos­ing all Is­raeli pro­duce to a boy­cott. But we can be con­fi­dent that Eu­rope will once again be scared by the “anger” of Jerusalem, to which will prob­a­bly be added the holy ire of Wash­ing­ton as well. That is how Eu­rope al­ways con­ducts it­self. At a time when pub­lic opin­ion on the con­ti­nent is be­com­ing more crit­i­cal and even more and more hos­tile to Is­rael, this finds no res­o­nance in the poli­cies of the gov­ern­ments there. This gap is in­con­ceiv­able in de­mo­c­ra­tic coun­tries. Fear of the past and fear of Amer­ica de­scend upon the lead­ers of the con­ti­nent and par­a­lyze them. In the midst of Op­er­a­tion Cast Lead, they all came to cheer on then-prime min­is­ter Ehud Olmert but did not bother to go to Gaza to see what it looked like. Now per­haps they will ful­fill their du­ties, and use fine and weak print to affix the Mark of Cain, as re­quired, on the prod­ucts from the ter­ri­to­ries. Well done, Eu­rope.
  • SpikedOnline Natalie Rothschild ...   Now Israel plans to boycott the boycotters A proposed Israeli bill to punish groups that call for boycotts is the ugly conclusion to today’s shallow Israel-bashing. Rarely these days is the word ‘boycott’ not followed by ‘Israel’. From British academics and Spanish gay festival organisers to American pop stars and EU bureaucrats, refusing to engage with Israelis has gone mainstream. Now, the Israeli government has responded to the global boycott brigade, but not in the way the boycotters might have hoped for. Instead of promising to dismantle the settlements, end the blockade on Gaza or broker a peace deal – solutions that might have satisfied some of the Western boycottistas at least – the Israeli Knesset is considering a bill that seeks to criminalize the promotion of boycotts against any Israeli individual, organization or manufacturer. It is a boycott on boycotts. Twenty-five members of Knesset (MKs) have tabled the Prohibition on Imposing a Boycott bill which, if passed into law, will prevent Israelis from initiating or promoting boycotts against the state of Israel. Those who fail to comply will face hefty fines. Foreign individuals, organizations and governments that instigate or support boycotts will also be subject to fines, economic sanctions and entry bans. Foreigners involved in coordinating boycotts would be banned from entering Israel for at least 10 years. To Israel’s critics, this bill will be further proof of its hawkishness and arrogance. But boycotters will also likely find the initiative extremely irritating, because, while there has been much back-slapping amongst international boycotters since the Gaza flotilla incident in the end of May inspired several international artists, businesses and sports associations to join the boycott movement, it looks as if Israel has found a way of taking control of the situation. If this bill is passed into law, it will signal the Israeli government turning the tables on those around the world who are calling for divestment, sanctions and disengagement. But boycotters really can’t complain. After all, the inevitable outcomes of the efforts of both the boycott brigade and of the Israeli MKs supporting the new bill are the same: severing political and commercial ties, politicizing academia, science, sports and the arts, and aligning individuals with the actions of their states. Isn’t this precisely what boycotters have demanded all along? The ugly side of this law – preventing cooperation and exchange between different peoples – is also the ugly end-product of international boycott campaign against Israel. And just as boycotters expect Israelis to take responsibility for the politics of their government – campaigning for the banishment of Israeli artists, academics, sportsmen and others from international events – so MKs are now demanding that all Israelis decide whether to be with their state or against it. If they choose the latter, they will be punished. You could say that this stern Israeli reaction is a sign of success for the ‘Boycott Israel’ campaigns, as it exposes a strong sense of nervousness and defensiveness amongst Israeli political leaders faced with growing political pressures and global unpopularity. But Western boycotters shouldn’t flatter themselves. Because while many Israelis are certainly dismayed that they are being vilified around the world and cut off from academic and cultural events, the Israeli government is not overly concerned about this aspect of boycott campaigns. MKs are probably not too bothered about missing out on gigs by artists like the Pixies and Gorillaz Sound System, who recently cancelled performances in Tel Aviv.
  • Transcend Leehee Rothschild, 26, is one of the scores of Israelis who have answered the 2005 Palestinian call for BDS. Recently her Tel Aviv apartment was raided. While the police did this under the pretense of searching for drugs, she was taken to the station for a brief interrogation that focused entirely on politics. “The person who came to release me [from interrogation] was an intelligence officer who said that he is in charge of monitoring political activity in the Tel Aviv area,” Rothschild says. It was this officer who had requested the search warrant. Since Operation Cast Lead, Israeli activists have reported increasing pressure from the police as well as General Security Services – known by their Hebrew acronym, Shabak. The latter’s mandate includes, among other things, the goal of maintaining Israel as a Jewish state, making those who advocate for democracy a target. House raids, such as the one Rothschild was subjected to, are not uncommon, nor are phone calls from the Shabak. “Obviously [the pressure] is nothing compared to what Palestinians are going through,” Rothschild says. “But I think we’re touching a nerve.” When asked about the proposed Boycott Law, Rothschild comments: “If the bill goes through, it will peel off, a little more, Israel’s mask of democracy.” Tough love As for her involvement in BDS, Rothschild remarks that she was not aware of the movement until it became a serious topic of discussion within Israel’s radical left, which she was already active in. And even after she heard about it, she did not jump onboard right away. “I had reservations about [BDS],” Rothschild recalls. “I thought about it for a very long time and I debated it with myself and my friends. “The main reservation I had was that the economic [aspects] would first harm the weak people in the society – the poor people – the people who have the least effect on what’s going on. But I think that the occupation is harming these people much more than the divestments can.” Rothschild points out that state funds that are poured into “security and defence and oppressing the Palestinian people” could be better used in Israel to help those in the low socioeconomic strata.

400 Richest Zionists Lists, Research     
PROGRESSIVE    1%*
  • Lerach Coughlin Stoia Geller Rudman

 

  • Jeff
Aspartame Boycotts
PROGRESSIVE  REFERENCE   1%*
  • Rumsfeld, CEO of Searle when Aspartame approved by FDA.
Gaza Palestine    
  REFERENCE  
  • BigCampaign Boycott Israeli goods   
  • Mother Earth News, Bush Boycott: Altria, Phillip Morris, Kraft, Pepsico, ChevronTexaco, ExxonMobil, McDonalds, Coca-Cola.
  • Bush Whitehouse
  • Phillip Morris, Altria, MO
  • ChevronTexaco
  • Coca-Cola COKE
  • McDonalds, MCD
  • Kraft
  • Pepsico
  • see campaign contributions to   1%s
  • Time Magazine named Bush Person of 2004
Fox Network Boycott 
  REFERENCE  
  • OpenSecrets Bush cabinet connections
  • Facebook Boycott-Bordeaux   Boycott Bordeaux is primarily directed at boycotting the Rothschilds who live on and own the French Bordeaux estates, who are responsible for most wars on the planet, and conflict within occupied Palestine today, who are now aiming their guns at Iran
Hazardous chemical Boycotts
  REFERENCE  
                 Zionist Boycotts
 
 
McDonalds, junk food boycotts
  REFERENCE  
  • Just Drinks Arab boycott of US Soft drinks
  • Norwegian Palestinian Committee
  • Innovative Minds boycott Israel
  • ProIslam McDonalds chairman and CEO Jack M. Greenberg is an honorary director of the American-Israeli Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Inc, of Chicago

 

European anti-Semitism   top
  REFERENCE  
Kosher Tax    top
  REFERENCE  
  • Tax Foundation on FSC's, Foreign Sales Corporation
  • Jewish Criticism of Zionism Edward C. Corrigan
  • Facebook Boycott-Bordeaux   Boycott Bordeaux is primarily directed at boycotting the Rothschilds who live on and own the French Bordeaux estates, who are responsible for most wars on the planet, and conflict within occupied Palestine today, who are now aiming their guns at Iran
Merck, Pfizer, Glaxo   more at: Pharma    Corporate Fraud       
     
  • Kaiser Network search: Merck
  • State of Minnesota, Office of the Attorney General consumer fraud, complaint forms.
  • Phizer Product Boycott list:
  • Accupril® (quinapril hydrochloride tablets)
  • Aricept® (donepezil hydrochloride tablets)*
  • Bextra® (valdecoxib)
  • Celebrex® (celecoxib)
  • Diflucan® (fluconazole)
  • Glucotrol XL® (glipizide GITS)
  • Lipitor® (atorvastatin calcium) tablets
  • Neurontin® (gabapentin)
  • Norvasc® (amlodipine besylate)
  • Relpax® (eletriptan HBr)
  • Rescriptor® (delavirdine mesylate)
  • Tikosyn® (dofetilide)
  • Vfend® (voriconazole)
    Viagra® (sildenafil citrate) tablets
  • Viracept® (nelfinavir mesylate)
  • Zithromax® (azithromycin)
  • Zoloft® (sertraline hydrochloride)
  • Zyrtec® (cetirizine hydrochloride)
Stop the War Boycotts
  REFERENCE  
Wal-mart boycotts        lawsuits,  China
   

 

  • 1850Wikipedia  Edward Swaine writes Objections to the Doctrines of Israel's Future Restoration to Palestine, national pre-eminence, etc.
  • 1874  Wikipedia  The American Israelite is a Jewish weekly newspaper published in Cincinnati, Ohio. Founded in 1854 as The Israelite and assuming its present name in 1874, it is the longest-running English-language Jewish newspaper still published in the United States.
    The paper's founder, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise, and publisher, Edward Bloch and his Bloch Publishing Company, were both very influential figures in American Jewish life. During the 19th century, The American Israelite became the leading organ for Reform Judaism in America. During the early 20th century, it helped geographically dispersed American Jews, especially in the West and the South of the country, keep in touch with Jewish affairs and their religious identity.
  • 1897Wikipedia General Jewish Labour Bund is founded in the Russian empire  was a secular Jewish socialist party in theRussian Empire, active between 1897 and 1920. Remnants of the party remain active in the diaspora as well as in Israel. A member of the Bund is called a Bundist (Bundistn in the plural)
  • 1897  Mievr  Hovevei Zion   "Lovers of Zion" - the international social movement aims to return the Jews to Palestine (Eretz Yisrael) to create there agricultural settlements. This movement gained the widest popularity in Russia and Romania, where Jews were discriminated. In the Russian Empire the ideologues of Hovevei Zion were Peretz Smolenskin, Abram Ber Gottlober, Moshe-Leib Lilienblum, Ahad Ha'am, and others. In 1890, the members of various clubs of Hovevei Zion in Odessa created the "the Aid Community for Jewish farmers and craftsmen in Syria and Palestine" (so-called "Odessa Committee"), which became Russia's only legal organization of Palestinophils. Moshe Montefiore and Baron Edmond de Rothschild supported the activity of Hovevei Tzion. Thanks to their help, the Russian palestinophils founded the settlements Rehovot and Hadera in Palestine.
  • 1902Wikipedia The American Israelite calls Zionism a "pernicious agitation", and is used by a number of editorial contributors such as Rabbi David Philipson, Rabbi Moses Mielziner and Jewish history scholar Gotthard Deutsch to oppose Zionism, arguing that Judaism was a religion exclusively, and thus stateless
  • 1903Wikipedia British Uganda Programme offered to the World Zionist Organization
  • 1905 - Wikipedia  Jewish Territorialist Organization splits off from the World Zionist Organization, in order to obtain "a large tract of territory (preferably within the British Empire) wherein to found a Jewish Home of Refuge" outside of Palestine
  • 1905Wikipedia  Folksgrupe founded in the Russian empire
  • 1908-09 - Wikipedia  Palestinian anti-zionism begins to take shape
  • 1915 - Wikipedia  Philosopher Hermann Cohen publishes Deutschtum und Judentum, an Anti-Zionist work which encouraged German Jews to assimilate
  • 1917Wikipedia  Edwin Samuel Montagu submits his Memorandum on the Anti-Semitism of the British Government in response to ongoing discussions around theBalfour Declaration, in which he states "Zionism has always seemed to me to be a mischievous political creed, untenable by any patriotic citizen of the United Kingdom" and outlines his four principles of anti-zionism
  • 1917Wikipedia    David Lindo Alexander, president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and Claude Montefiore, president of the Anglo-Jewish Associationobjecting to published statements of the Zionist leaders that "Jewish settlements in Palestine shall be recognized as possessing a national character " and the intention "to invest the Jewish settlers in Palestine with certain special rights in excess of those enjoyed by the rest of the population"
  •    

    [edit]After the Balfour Declaration
  • 1919 - Wikipedia  Congressman Julius Kahn presents an anti-zionist petition to Woodrow Wilson ahead of the Paris Peace Conference, including the statement "…we protest against the political segregation of the Jews and the re-establishment in Palestine of a distinctively Jewish State as utterly opposed to the principles of democracy which it is the avowed purpose of the World’s Peace Conference to establish. Whether the Jews be regarded as a “race” or as a “religion,” it is contrary to the democratic principles for which the world war was waged to found a nation on either or both of these bases." The petition included signatures from over 300 prominent American Jews, including Henry Morgenthau, Sr. and Simon W. Rosendale[4]
  • 1919 - The US-Government sponsored King–Crane Commission advocated the creation of a Greater Syria, to include Palestine, stating "nor can the erection of such a Jewish State be accomplished without the gravest trespass upon the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine"
  • 1919Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten founded in Germany
  • 1922  June PalestineRemembered  British colonial secretary Winston Churchill issues White Paper excluding Transjordan from scope of   Balfour Declaration. Ignoring political criteria, White Paper authorizes Jewish immigration according to "economic absorptive capacity" of the country.  24 July  League of Nations Council approves Mandate for Palestine.  August  Fifth Palestinian National Congress, meeting in Nablus, agrees to economic boycott of Zionists (see 1901 entry on JNF).  October  First British census of Palestine shows population of 757,182 -78% Muslim Arab, 11% Jewish, 9.6% Christian Arab. It is often claimed that Palestine was empty until Zionist Jews made the Palestinian desert bloom, click here to read our response to this argument.
  • 1924Wikipedia  Jacob Israël de Haan assassinated by Haganah for his anti-Zionist political activities
  • 1933: IAmTheWitness On January 30, Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. He drives Jews, many of which were Communist out of Governmental positions within Germany. As a result of this, in July, the Jews hold a World Conference in Amsterdam during which they demand that Hitler re-instate every Jew back to his former position.    ...   Hitler refuses and as a result of this, Samuel Untermyer, the Ashkenazi Jew who blackmailed President Wilson, and is now the head of the American delegation and the president of the whole conference, returns to the United States, and makes a speech on radio which was transcribed in the From the New York Times, Monday, August 7, 1933. In the speech he made the following statements, "...the Jews are the aristocrats of the world...Our campaign is...the economic boycott against all German goods, shipping and services...What we are proposing...is to prosecute a purely defensive economic boycott that will undermine the Hitler regime and bring the German people to their senses by destroying their export trade on which their very existence depends... ...Each of you, Jew and Gentile alike...must refuse to deal with any merchant or shopkeeper who sells any German-made goods or who patronizes German ships or shipping."    ...   As two thirds of Germany's food supply had to be imported, and could only be imported with the proceeds of what they exported, if Germany could not export, two thirds of Germany's population would starve, as there would be not enough food for more than one third of the population. As a result of this boycott, Jews throughout America, would protest outside and damage any stores in which they found any products with, "Made in Germany," printed on them, causing stores to have to dump these products or risk bankruptcy.    ...   Once the effects of this boycott began to be felt in Germany, the Germans, who had demonstrated no violence towards the Jews up to this point, simply began boycotting Jewish stores in the same way the Jews had done to stores selling German products in America.    ...   Rothschild financed IBM, supply machines to the Nazis which produce punch cards to help organize and manage the initial identification and social expulsion of Jews, the confiscation of their property and their extermination.    ...   On November 16, President Roosevelt recognizes the Zionist regime of Stalin in Russia without consultation with Congress even as 8,000 Ukrainians march in protest in New York.    ...   Also this year, President Roosevelt, born of a Jewish mother, therefore satisfying Ashkenazi rules of being Jewish, orders the all-seeing eye to be placed upon all new dollar bills along with the motto, "Novus Ordo Seclorum." This is latin for, "A New Order of the Ages."
  • 1935Wikipedia  Louis Fles writes Godsdienst, openbare school en Zionisme  Levie Jacob "Louis" Fles (1872–1940) was a Dutch businessman, activist and author. He was a member of the organizing committee of the 1928 Summer Olympics. Louis Fles is best known for writing and broadcasting against Zionism and organized religion. Fles was a strong supporter of Jewish assimilation and had a complex relationship with the Dutch Social Democratic Workers' Party. He was a strong criticizer of Nazism, for example in his work from 1933 Hitler, hervormer of misdadiger? (Dutch: Hitler, reformer or criminal?) and committed suicide at the conquest of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany.   and .... BWSA  Polak was a symbol of the ambivalent attitude of the SDAP towards both religion and Zionism. Why suddenly declared Polak religion and socialism compatible? Why did Polak, who in 1933 had strongly opposed the decision of Abel Herzberg as the Jews would have no country, part of the Palestine Construction Fund, and suffered his socialist-Zionists as Sam de Wolff in his party? Polak felt indeed addressed. In The Peoplewrote not a Zionist to be. Bottle was orthodox Jewish upbringing and it was the straitjacket of the Jewish religion, which he as a young man in revolt had come. Although he later freethinker against any religion resisted, he founded his poisonous arrows on Judaism. He left no sacred cow standing: Shabbat celebration, dietary laws, circumcision and chuppah (wedding). All these customs were based on dubious statements in the outdated and the Jewish clergy abused Jewish laws and led to a questionable Jewish isolation. Levi was Louis Bottle Bottle become: a principal proponent of assimilation. The "mixed" marriage, he saw as a sovereign remedy against a detested parochialism and anti-Semitism. A similar reasoning followed Bottle in his campaign against Zionism. Already in 1914 he had in the Algemeen Handelsblad Zionism alleged that the commitment to all Jews in the country together, was artificial. This was because people who primarily Hollander, German or Englishman had. Judaism was a religion, and as such reprehensible, and nationalism was that much. In his later anti-Zionist brochures Bottle pointed out that the historic right at odds with the self-determination, a sore point for social democrats and socialist-Zionists. The core of his argument was his argument that the Zionists, like the Jewish orthodoxy, greatly contributed to the image of the jew as 'stranger', with all the dangers. However, the bottle was prisoner of his own limited analysis of Judaism as a religion and anti-Semitism as a form of religious
  • 1936Wikipedia  Victor Alter of the General Jewish Labour Bund in Poland labels Ze'ev Jabotinsky antisemitic, writing "No, it is not we who are creating a sense of alienation between the Jewish masses and Poland; this is being attempted by those who have supported Jewish reaction wherever and whenever it occurs, who wish to turn the Jewish masses into a collective of fanatics who are alien to the ideology and struggles of Polish workers"
  • 1938Wikipedia  Mahatma Gandhi writes "The Jews In Palestine", in which he states: "Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs.... The Palestine of the Biblical conception is not a geographical tract. It is in their hearts....Let the Jews who claim to be the chosen race prove their title by choosing the way of non-violence for vindicating their position on earth. Every country is their home, including Palestine, not by aggression but by loving service"
    After the Biltmore Program
  • 1942Wikipedia  American Council for Judaism founded  ....   The ACJ was founded in June 1942 by a group of Reform rabbis who opposed the direction of their movement, including, but not limited to, the issue ofZionism as redefined by the Biltmore Program in May 1942. After the Reform movement declared itself officially neutral on Zionism in 1937, the split was prompted by the passage of a resolution endorsing the raising of a "Jewish army" in Palestine to fight alongside the Allies of World War II. The leading rabbis included Louis WolseyMorris LazaronAbraham CronbachDavid Philipson, and Henry Cohen but their most vocal representative soon became Elmer Berger, who became the Council's Executive Director. The presidency of the ACJ was accepted by the well-known philanthropist Lessing J. Rosenwald, who took the lead in urging the creation of a unitary democratic state in the British Mandate of Palestine in American policy making circles. Though up against overwhelming support for the creation of a Jewish state in Congress, the Council had many friends who supported its position in the State Department such as Sumner Welles and Dean Acheson. In the final year before the founding of the State of Israel in 1948, the Council became very close to Judah Magnes, the leading Israeli advocate for a binational state, who had returned to America for fear of his life in Palestine.
  • 1943 - Orthodox Hungarian rabbi, Yissachar Shlomo Teichtal, originally opposed to Secular Zionism, publishes Eim HaBanim Semeicha in Budapest under Nazi persecution which strongly advocates, on a religious basis, the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. He concluded that "Anti-Zionism was the root of evil befalling the Jewish people."Rabbi Yisachar Shlomo Teichtal (1885-1945) was one of the few European rabbis to break ranks with Ashkenazi Orthodox Judaism to support an active effort to settle the land of Israel. He was murdered on a transport train during the closing days ofWorld War II.  His original view had been that of the majority in the Orthodox Jewish world at the time, which discouraged an active movement for a return of Jews to Israel. The prevalent view at that time was that God would bring about a return without the need of human mechanizations. The Holocaust caused him to re-think this approach, and he therefore came to the conclusion that the reason that the Jewish people had not been redeemed, was because they had not returned to their homeland, the land of Israel, to resettle and rebuild it to its former glory.
  • 1944 - Wikipedia  Philosopher Hannah Arendt publishes Zionism Reconsidered, writing "Only folly could dictate a policy which trusts a distant imperial power for protection, while alienating the goodwill of neighbours... If the Jewish commonwealth is obtained in the near future… it will be due to the political assistance of American Jews... But if the Jewish commonwealth is proclaimed against the will of the Arabs and without the support of the Mediterranean peoples, not only financial help but political support will be necessary for a long time to come. And that may turn out to be very troublesome indeed for Jews in this country, who after all have no power to direct the political destinies of the Near East."  ...  Arendt's first major book was The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951), which traced the roots of Stalinist Communism and Nazism in both anti-Semitism andimperialism. The book was opposed by the Left on the grounds that it presented the two movements as equally tyrannical. She further contends that Jewry was not the operative factor in the Holocaust but merely a convenient proxy. Totalitarianism in Germany was in the end about megalomania and consistency, not eradicating Jews.
  • 1945Wikipedia  Elmer Berger publishes The Jewish Dilemma, which argued that Zionism was a surrender to the racial myths about the Jews and that assimilationism was still the best path for the Jews in the modern world   ...    was a Jewish Reform rabbi widely known for his anti-Zionism. He was the executive director of the American Council for Judaism from its founding in 1942 until 1955. After this time, he served as a consultant until he was forced to resign in 1968, at which time he founded American Jewish Alternatives to Zionism.   ...  From the beginning, Elmer Berger was squarely in the camp of those Reform rabbis who opposed the Columbus Platform[4] of 1937 which moderated the movement's original anti-Zionism and rejection of traditional ritual. It was Berger's mentor, Louis Wolsey, who would in June 1942 issue a call to convene theAmerican Council for Judaism, and who hired Berger as its first executive director. In the organization's struggle against the Zionist program adopted at the Biltmore Conference in May 1942, Berger increasingly became the movement's public face, particularly with the publication of his book The Jewish Dilemmain 1945, which argued that Zionism was a surrender to the racial myths about the Jews and that assimilationism was still the best path for the Jews in the modern world.
  • 1946 - Wikipedia  The Jewish Anti-Zionist League founded in Egypt   ...    was a political organisation in Egypt. The organization had branches in Alexandria and Cairo. The League conducted militant agitations in the Jewish neighbourhoods of Cairo. The League was formed in the summer of 1946 by Jewish members of the underground communist Iskra movement. The founding Secretary of the Jewish Anti-Zionist League was Ezra Harari. Other members of the founding committee of the League were Marcel Israel, Edward Mataloun, Hanzin Kasfelt and Edward Levy. Immediately after the founding of the organization, the members of the founding committee were arrested.
    After the founding of the State of Israel
  • 1947   JewishRefugees  This blog has already drawn attention to the little-known fact that Jews own substantial property in what is now Syria. Now more evidence comes from Guy Bechor in this GPlanet article inHebrew: (via Elder of Ziyon) Bechor writes that some 100,000 hectares were Jewish-owned in the Houran region, (as Michael Fischbach explains in his book Jewish property claims against Arab countries) landholdings almost equivalent to the total area of the Golan Heights, annexed to Israel since 1967. In the late 19th century a member of Hovevei Zion, Adam Rosenberg, a US lawyer, encouraged the purchase of cheap land in the Houran. Another leading purchaser was Baron Edmond de Rothschild. In spite of an Ottoman ban on immigrants and initial refusal to register the purchases, Jewish settlements were established on the land. But the settlements were attacked and in 1896 all settlers were expelled. The Golan and Houran became part of the French mandate of Syria 'for reasons unclear', according to Bechor. Between 1944 and 1948 Syria confiscated the land - registered in the name of PICA, the Palestine Jewish Colonisation Association - without compensation. Title to the land was transferred in the 1950s from PICA to the Jewish National Fund.
  • 1951-2 Voltairenet In 1951-52 the Cuban dictatorship has organized an airlift for Jewish immigrants in Israel  ...   The Cuban newspaper Juventud Rebelde showed that, in the years 1951-1952, an airlift was organized by Cuban society Intercontinental Aérea de Cuba SA businessman Narciso V. Roselló Otero to transport 150,000 Jewish immigrants to Israel (115,000 from Iraq and 25,000 in Iran). These revelations can reconstruct an operation far partially known. To colonize Palestine, the Zionist movement meant not only move the European survivors of Nazi persecution, but also the Jewish populations in the Middle East.  force for Iraqi Jews to emigrate, the Zionist movement is in three parts:  An agreement was reached with Iraqi Prime Minister pro-British Nuri al-Said for Iraqi Jews to Israel take a ticket of no return. Parliament adopted the law of denaturalization, March 9, 1950: Iraqi Jews who left the country were writing waive their nationality and could not return.  March 19, 1950 January 30, 1951, a campaign of bombings struck meeting places of the Jewish community. They were falsely attributed to the Golden Square officers (who had supported Germany against the British during the Second World War). They were actually organized by the Israeli services under the direction of Mordechai Ben Porat (as was established in 1956 by the magazine Israeli Uri Avnery,Haolam Hazeh ).  Immediately, an airlift from Cuba by the dictatorship of General Fulgencio Batista allowed the evacuation of 115,000 Jews, distraught by the turn of events. The planes left Baghdad and were calling in Nicosia (Cyprus). However, at the end of the operation of airplanes with a capacity greater relièrent directly Iraq to Israel to accelerate the transfer. Mordechai Ben Porat terrorist, a friend of David Ben-Gurion, was four times and once deputy minister without portfolio. In 2001, he received the Israel Prize for all his actions and for pushing the Iraqi Jews to emigrate in particular. Narciso V. Roselló Otero emigrated from Cuba to the United States after the attack on his residence by revolutionary Fidel Castro. They seized the weapons they used to take Havana and overthrow General Batista.
  • 1961 - Wikipedia  Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, leader of the Satmar Hasidim, publishes Vayoel Moshe, a robust castigation of Zionsim, in which he blames the Holocaust on the "idolatry of Zionsim".   ...   is a Hebrew book written by Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, leader of the SatmarHasidic movement, in 1961. It made his case that Judaism is against Zionism. The name of the book is a statement in the bible that also notates his name and his grandfather's name—Joel andMoshe respectively. However, he had other reasons for this naming as well. The source for the title is Exodus 2:21, "And Moses agreed to stay...an alien in a foreign land." This book is considered one of utmost importance by many Haredim, especially Satmar Hasidim and other members of the Edah HaChareidis in the Land of Israel as well as the Central Rabbinical Congress in North America. Satmar Hasidism has many institutions, buildings and neighborhoods named after it. It is primarily a book of Halacha, Jewish law. However, it draws on Rabbinic Jewish philosophy as well. Although it did not originate with him, before World War II most Hasidic rabbis, as well as some other prominent Orthodox rabbis opposed Zionism. While others had written about the issue in other publications - Torah commentaries and books of Halacha - Rabbi Teitelbaum was the first to write a book specifically about this subject.
  • 1962Wikipedia  Matzpen organisation founded in Israel   ...   'Compass') is the name of a revolutionary socialist and anti-Zionist organisation, founded in Israel in 1962 which was active until the 1980s. Its official name was the Israeli Socialist Organisation, but it became better known as Matzpen after its monthly publication.   ...   The organisation was founded by former members of the Israeli Communist Party - Maki who opposed that party's unquestioned support for the international policies of the Soviet Union. They offered a more radical analysis of and opposition to Zionism. An early analysis of the Arab-Israeli conflict, written before they left the Communist Party, by Moshe Machover and Akiva Orr (using a pseudonym, A. Israeli), appeared in Hebrew in 1961 under the title of Shalom, Shalom ve'ein Shalom (שלום, שלום, ואין שלום; Peace, peace and there is no peace - an English translation was completed in 2009, and the authors are looking for a publisher). Matzpen drew together Jewish and Arab activists with various backgrounds in left-wing organisations and affiliations. Prominent among them was Jabra Nicola, a Palestinian-Israeli intellectual and activist who helped shape the theoretical orientation of the nascent organisation. It published a magazine of the same name in Hebrew and Arabic. The organisation grew in the period after the 1967 Six-Day War and Israel's occupation of Palestinian and Arab territories.  ...   In a statement titled “Down with the Occupation”, from 1 January 1969, Matzpen distinguished itself – together with the Communist Party (Rakah) – as the only forces conducting “a consistent struggle against the continued occupation of the territories conquered in June ’67”.[4] Faced with a situation in which "Israel controls the whole of the Palestine Mandate territory as well as vast tracts of Egyptian territory and a region in the south of Syria", Matzpen asserted in "General Declaration by the ISO" in March 1968, that "It is both the right and duty of every conquered and subjugated people to resist and to struggle for its freedom.  ...  In this context, Matzpen's aim was to create a broad front of people opposed to the occupation and in favour of a de-Zionized Israel, which would form part of a socialist federation of the entire Middle East. In contrast to the Communist Party and the Zionist Left, Matzpen insisted that the 1967 occupation was but one stage in the long history of Zionist settlement, and reversing it would be a necessary but not sufficient condition for overall solution to the problems of the Middle East. For such a solution, political mobilization of Arabs, Jews, and other national minorities in the region would be needed. The political framework for this moblization became known as the Arab Revolution, which combined national and socialist tasks in the process of struggle against Zionism, imperialism and Arab reaction. To advance these aims, Matzpen established links with New Left organisations in Europe and other parts of the world, and also with progressive Palestinian organisations, such as the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine    ...   The Zionist state was born in the violent expropriation and expulsion from their country of the Palestinian Arabs, and that process continues today. In open alliance with Western, especially United States, imperialism, and in scarcely hidden collusion with the most reactionary forces in the Arab world, the Zionist state actively sets itself against every step, no matter how faltering, taken by the Arab masses to alleviate the centuries’ old misery imposed on them by colonialism and imperialism. Within the territories occupied since 1967, the Zionist state employs a system of direct military repression to expel Palestinian Arabs from their lands and secure Jewish colonization of them, and to crush every expression of Palestinian resistance. Within its own borders, the Zionist state engages in systematic national oppression of its minority of Arab citizens. The dark-skinned majority of the privileged Jewish community itself increasingly feels the sting of racist discrimination, as economic inequality increases and social conditions deteriorate. Far from offering a haven to the persecuted Jews of the world, the Zionist state is leading new immigrants and old settlers alike toward a new holocaust by mobilizing them in a colonial enterprise and a counterrevolutionary army against the struggle of the Arab masses for national liberation and social emancipation – a struggle that is not only just but will eventually be victorious. This state of affairs is, moreover, in no sense accidental. It was the inevitable outcome of the success of the Zionist project to establish a Jewish state in Palestine. And to change this reality requires not merely a change of government or a modification of one or another specific policy, but a revolutionary transformation of the very foundations of Israeli society."    ...   Despite the absence of organizational activity, some of the original Matzpen members continue to write and be active politically. Haim Hanegbi and Michel Warschawski played a key role in writing the 2004 Olga Document, which is a statement of the anti-Zionist position and a radical critique of Israeli policies and practices, and Warschawski published his political memoir in English, On the Border (South End Press, 2004; original French in 2002).
  • 1967Wikipedia  Maxime Rodinson publishes "Israel, fait colonial" in Jean-Paul Sartre's journal, Les Temps Modernes
    After the Six Day War   ...   Maxime Rodinson (French:  26 January 1915, Marseille – 23 May 2004, Paris) was  a French Marxist historian, sociologist and orientalist. He was the son of a Russian-Polish clothing trader and his wife who both died in the Auschwitz concentration camp. After studying oriental languages, he became a professor of Ethiopian (Amharic) at EPHE (École Pratique des Hautes ÉtudesFrance). He was the author of a rich body of work, including the book Muhammad, a biography of the prophet of Islam. Rodinson joined the French Communist Party in 1937 for "moral reasons", but later turned away after the party's Stalinist drift. He was expelled from the party in 1958. He became well known in France when he expressed sharp criticism of Israel, particularly opposing the settlement policies of the Jewish state. Some credit him with coining the term "Islamic fascism" (le fascisme islamique) in 1979, which he used to describe the Iranian revolution.    ...   A few months before publishing his famous article, Rodinson took part in a meeting organised in the "Mutualité" in Paris for the Palestinian struggle. Published in June 1967 under the title "Israel, fait colonial" (Israel, a colonial fact) in Jean-Paul Sartre's journal, Les Temps Modernes, Rodinson's article made him known as an advocate of the Palestinian cause. He created the Groupe de Recherches et d'Actions pour la Palestine with his colleague Jacques Berque. At that time, he observed that the Palestinian struggle was mainly the cause of anti-semitic right and Maoist fringe of the left. He called on the Palestinians to take their case to liberal Europeans, warning them of the danger of a religious nature of the conflict which would tarnish the reputation of a just cause: "in the ardor of the ideological struggle against Zionism, those Arabs most influenced by a Muslim religious orientation would seize upon the old religious and popular prejudices against the Jews in general"
  • 1968Wikipedia  Elmer Berger founds the American Jewish Alternatives to Zionism (AJAZ)
  • 1970 Gilad Atzmon ...  I grew up in Israel in the 1970’s people of my generation are nowadays the leaders of the Israeli army, politics, economy, academia and the arts. We were trained to believe that ‘a good Arab is a dead one’. A few weeks before I joined the IDF in the early 1980’s, General Rafael Eitan, the Chief of Staff at the time announced that the “Arabs were stoned cockroaches in a bottle”.  He got away with it, he also got away with the murder of many thousands of Lebanese civilians in the 1st Lebanon war. In a word, Israelis manage to get away with murder.   ...  Seemingly, in Israeli politics, Arab blood is translated into votes. It would obviously be very reasonable to charge Livni, Barak and the current IDF Chief of Staff Ashkenazi with first-degree murder, crimes against humanity and the obvious breach of the Geneva Convention. But it would be far more intelligible to take into account that Israel is a ‘democracy’. Livni, Barak and Ashkenazi are giving the Israeli people that which they want: it is called Arab blood and it must come in vast quantity.  This repetitive murderous practice, conducted by Israeli politicians reflects on the Israeli people as a whole rather than just a few politicians and generals.  We are dealing here with a barbarian society that is politically driven by bloodthirstiness and lethal inclinations. There should be no mistake, there is no room for these people amongst nations.
  • 1970Wikipedia  Ma'avak party founded   ...   Ma'avak (Hebrew: מאבק‎, Struggle) was a Maoist-influenced political organisation in Israel in the early 1970s. Officially known as the Revolutionary Communist Alliance (Hebrew: הברית הקומוניסטית המהפכנית, HaBrit HaKomunistit HaMahapakhnit), the group became better known by the name of its journal, Ma'avak. It split from Matzpen in the autumn of 1970. Citing organisational, strategic and programmatic disagreements, Ma'avak stressed the colonial nature of the Israeli state. In its founding statement, Ma'avak stated "Our principles are based on Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism". They stressed the October revolution as "the starting point of the worldwide socialist revolution", and the Chinese revolution as its direct continuation, and identified with "the people of Vietnam, Korea and Palestine, and all those people whose heroic struggle against imperialism will not only lead them to a revolutionary path and participation in the international class war, but is also a direct source of experience and lessons for revolutionaries everywhere". Members of the group included Udi AdivIlan Halevi and Rami Livneh.   Matzpen criticized the Zionist project in Israel as a colonizing project, although they were careful to distinguish it from the European colonialism of the 19th and 20th century, arguing that the Zionists had come to Palestine to expropriate the indigenous population rather than to exploit them economically.
  • 1972Wikipedia  Aki Orr publishes The Other Israel: the Radical Case against Zionism   ...   Akiva or "Aki" Orr (born 1931) is an Israeli writer and political activist. He is an outspoken critic of Zionism and supports a one-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since 1968 Orr has been a leading advocate of radical direct democracy.
  • 1973 - Wikipedia  Trial of Revolutionary Communist alliance - Red Front members including Daud TurkiUdi Adiv and Dan Vered
  • 1975Wikipedia  United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 passed, which "determine[d] that Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination"  ...   On May 14, 1948, on the day in which the British Mandate over a Palestine expired, the Jewish People's Council gathered at the Tel Aviv Museum, and approved a proclamation which declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel.[2] The 1948 Palestinian exodus, known in Arabic as the Nakba (Arabic: النكبة‎, an-Nakbah, lit. "disaster", "catastrophe", or "cataclysm"), occurred whenapproximately 711,000 to 725,000 Palestinian Arabs left, fled or were expelled from their homes, during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and the Civil War that preceded it. The exact number of refugees is a matter of dispute. The causes remain the subject of fundamental disagreement between Arabs and Israelis. The Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries, denoted by some as the Jewish Nakba, occurred when 800,000 to 1,000,000 of Mizrahi Jews and Sephardic Jews had left, fled, or were expelled from their homes in Arab countries, such that 260,000 reached Israel between 1948–1951, and 600,000 by 1972.
  • 1979Wikipedia  Edward Said publishes The Question of Palestine   ...    was a Palestinian–American literary theoreticianUniversity Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, and a public intellectual who was a founding figure of the critical-theory field of post-colonialism. He was born a Palestinian Arab in the Jerusalem city of Mandatory Palestine (1920–48), and was American through his U.S.-citizen father, Wadir Saïd. As such, Edward Saïd was an advocate for the political and the human rights of the Palestinian people, whom the commentator Robert Fisk described as their most powerful voice.  ...   He proposed and contended that Orientalist scholarship was, and remains, inextricably tied to the imperialist societies that produced it, which makes much of the work inherently political, servile to power, and therefore intellectually suspect. Orientalism is based upon Saïd’s intimate knowledge of colonial literature, such as the fiction of Joseph Conrad, and the post-structuralist theories of Michel Foucault and Jacques DerridaGiambattista VicoAntonio Gramsci, and Theodor Adorno; and the literary theories of R. P. Blackmur and Raymond Williams, and other philosophers. Hence, Orientalism, and his other thematically related works, proved analytically influential in the fields of the humanities, especially in literary theory and in literary criticism. Moreover, Orientalism proved especially influential upon the field of Middle Eastern studies, wherein it transformed the academic discourse of the field’s practitioners,   ...    Drawing from his family experiences, as Palestinian Christians in the Middle East, at the time of the establishment of Israel (1948), Saïd argued for the establishment of aPalestinian state, for equal political and human rights for the Palestinians in Israel — including the right of return— and for increased U.S. political pressure upon Israel to recognize, grant, and respect said rights; in that vein, the public intellectual Edward Saïd also criticized the political and cultural politics of the Arab and Muslim régimes who acted against the interests of their peoples 
  • 1980Wikipedia  Naeim Giladi writes Ben Gurion's Scandals: How the Haganah and the Mossad Eliminated Jews  ...   Iraq, as Naeim Khalaschi, died 2010) was an anti-Zionist Iraqi jew, president of the World Organization of Jews From Islamic Countries and author of an autobiographical article and historical analysis titled "The Jews of Iraq". The article later formed the basis for his originally self-published book Ben-Gurion's Scandals: How the Haganah and the Mossad Eliminated Jews.   ...   After serving in the Israeli Army between 1967–1970, Giladi was active in the Israeli Black Panthers movement.  ...   In the 1980s, he left Israel for New York, renouncing his Israeli citizenship. In the U.S., he wrote about an autobiographical account and historical analysis of Zionist misdeeds in Iraq, Palestine, and later Israel in an article titled "The Jews of Iraq" The article later formed the basis for his originally self-publishedbook Ben-Gurion's Scandal: How the Haganah and the Mossad Eliminated Jews. ...   Giladi has strong views on Zionism and its negative effects and his article begins with the following passage: "I write this article for the same reason I wrote my book: to tell the American people, and especially American Jews, that Jews from Islamic lands did not emigrate willingly to Israel; that, to force them to leave, Jews killed Jews; and that, to buy time to confiscate ever more Arab lands, Jews on numerous occasions rejected genuine peace initiatives from their Arab neighbors. I write about what the first prime minister of Israel called 'cruel Zionism'. I write about it because I was part of it."   ...   Giladi's position that the 1950–1951 Baghdad bombings were "perpetrated by Zionist agents in order to cause fear amongst the Jews, and so promote their exodus to Israel" is shared by a number of anti-Zionist authors, including the Israeli Black Panthers (1975), David Hirst (1977), Wilbur Crane Eveland (1980),Uri Avnery (1988), Ella Shohat (1986), Abbas Shiblak (1986), Marion Wolfsohn (1980), and Rafael Shapiro (1984). In his article, Giladi notes that this was also the conclusion of Wilbur Crane Eveland, a former senior officer in the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who outlined that allegation in his book "Ropes of Sand".   ... Ben-Gurion's Scandals, How the Hagannah and Mossad Eliminated Jews.banned in Israel and the United States.
  • 1983Wikipedia  Noam Chomsky writes The Fateful Triangle
  • 1983 - Wikipedia  The USSR founds the Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public, headed by David Dragunsky  "...By its nature, Zionism concentrates ultra-nationalism, chauvinism and racial intolerance, excuse for territorial occupation and annexation, military opportunism, cult of political promiscuousness and irresponsibility, demagogy and ideological diversion, dirty tactics and perfidy... Absurd are attempts of Zionist ideologists to present criticizing them, or condemning the aggressive politics of the Israel's ruling circles, as antisemitic... We call on all Soviet citizens: workers, peasants, representatives of intelligentsia: take active part in exposing Zionism, strongly rebuke its endeavors; social scientists: activate scientific research to criticize reactionary core of that ideology and aggressive character of its political practice; writers, artists, journalists: fuller expose anti-populace and anti-humane diversionary character of propaganda and politics of Zionism..." (highlights preserved)   ...   David Abramovich Dragunsky, Colonel-General, twice the Hero of the Soviet Union, the World War II hero (he was the commander of the 55th Guards Tank Brigade), well known inside the country and abroad, was designated its chairman. The writers who specialized in the Soviet-invented and sponsored doctrine of Zionology ("сионология") considered any expressions of Jewishness as Zionist and therefore subject to being stamped out.
  • 1984Wikipedia  Uri Davis joins Fatah   Uriel "Uri" Davis (Hebrew: אוריאל "אורי" דייוויס‎ Arabic: أوري ديفيس‎, born 1943 in Jerusalem) is an academic and a civil rights activist in IsraelOccupied Palestinian Territories and the Middle East. Davis has served as Vice-Chairman of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights and as lecturer in Peace Studies at the University of Bradford. Davis describes himself as "a Palestinian Hebrew national of Jewish origin, anti-Zionist, registered as Muslim and a citizen of an apartheid state - the State of Israel." A member of Fatah since 1984, he was elected to the Revolutionary Council for the Palestinian party in 2009  ...   Davis wrote a series of books and articles that classify the State of Israel as an apartheid state, alleging that Israel's policies towards Palestinians, including Palestinian citizens of Israel, are comparable to South Africa's apartheid policies: Israel: An Apartheid State (1987), Apartheid Israel: A Critical Reading of the Draft Permanent Agreement, known as the "Geneva Accords" (2003), and Apartheid Israel: Possibilities for the Struggle Within (2003). In an interview to Irish Times in 2002 Davis said: "I am an anti-militarist and recognise the right to use force in certain instances, in armed resistance, which is legal in international law. It allows armed resistance, the targeting of the opposite party in uniform.    ....   Fata (Arabic: فتح‎ Fatḥ) (also known as Fateh, Levantine Arabic[ˈfateħ]) is a major Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a multi-party confederation. Fatah is generally considered to have had a strong involvement in revolutionary struggle in the past and hasmaintained a number of militant groups,. Fatah had been closely identified with the leadership of its founder Yasser Arafat, until his death in 2004. Since Arafat's departure, factionalism within the ideologically diverse movement has become more apparent. In the January 25, 2006 parliamentary election, the party lost its majority in the Palestinian parliament to Hamas, and resigned all cabinet positions, instead of assuming the role as the main opposition party. Fatah's size is estimated at 6,000–8,000 fighters with 45–300 politicians. However, the Hamas legislative victory led to a split between the two main Palestinian political parties, with Fatah retaining control of the Palestinian National Authority in the West Bank. In April 2011, officials from Hamas and Fatah announced that both parties had reached an initial deal to unify into one government, with plans for elections to be held in 2012
  • 1984 - Wikipedia  Alternative Information Center founded   ...   The Alternative Information Center (AIC) is a joint Palestinian-Israeli non-governmental organization (NGO) which "engages in dissemination of information, political advocacy, grassroots activism and critical analysis of the Palestinian and Israeli societies as well as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict". It was established in February 1984 by Israeli activists from the Revolutionary Communist League (previously Matzpen-Jerusalem) and Palestinian leftwing activists from the West Bank.   Accuses Israel and the Jewish National Fund of "ethnic cleansing"
  • 1989Wikipedia  Marc H. Ellis writes The Future of Dissent: a Reflection on What Shall I Do With This People? Jews and the Fractious Politics of Judaism   ...   Marc H. Ellis (born in 1952, Miami, Florida) is an American author, liberation theologian, and University Professor of Jewish Studies, Professor of History and Director of the Center for Jewish Studies at Baylor University.  ...    In 1998 he was appointed Professor of American and Jewish Studies at Baylor University, where the next year he was named University Professor of American and Jewish Studies. In 1999 he founded Baylor University's Center for American and Jewish Studies. In 2006, the Center was renamed The Center for Jewish Studies. He is currently University Professor of Jewish Studies and Director of the Center for Jewish Studies at Baylor University. His current writings deal with contemporary Judaism, Jewish liberation theology, Jewish-Arab relations, and justice and peace studies. Ellis was featured in the David Horowitz book The Professors: The 101 Most Dangerous Academics in America.  ...  Among those who have commented appreciatively on the work of Ellis are George McGovernNoam ChomskyEdward Said, Professor Susannah Heschel,Elliot Dorff and Desmund Tutu. Among those who have criticized Ellis's work are Edward AlexanderDavid Horowitz, and Alan Mittleman.
  • 1990 - Wikipedia  Thomas A. Kolsky writes Jews Against Zionism   ...   Jews Against Zionism: The American Council for Judaism, 1942-1948 is a 1990 book by Thomas A. Kolsky, a professor of history and political science at Montgomery County Community College, based on his doctoral dissertation at The George Washington University. In Jews Against Zionism, Kolsky describes the history of the American Council for Judaism, an organization of American Reform Rabbis specifically created to fight against both Zionism and a Jewish state   ...   Lenni Brenner (born 1937) is an American Marxist Trotskyist writer. In the 1960s, Brenner was a prominent civil rights activist and a prominent opponent of the Vietnam War. Brenner was born into an Orthodox Jewish family. He became an atheist at age 10 or 12 and a Marxist at age 15. Brenner's involvement with the American Civil Rights Movement began when he met James Farmer of the Congress of Racial Equality, later the organizer of the "freedom rides" of the early 1960s. He also worked with Bayard Rustin, later the organizer of Martin Luther King's 1963 "I Have a Dream" march on Washington. (Neither were Marxists.) Brenner was arrested three times during civil rights sit-ins in the San Francisco Bay Area. He spent 39 months in jail when a court revoked his probation formarijuana possession, because of his activities during the Berkeley Free Speech Movement at the University of California in 1964. He was an anti-war activist from the first days of the Vietnam War, speaking frequently at rallies in the Bay Area. In 1963 he organized the Committee for Narcotic Reform in Berkeley. In 1968 he co-founded the National Association for Irish Justice, the American affiliate of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. In the 1990s, he and Kwame Ture (aka Stokely Carmichael), the legendary "Black Power" leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, co-founded the Committee against Zionism and Racism. They also published The Anti-War Activist. In 2003, Brenner spoke at the inaugural meeting of Jews Against Zionism in, with his colleagues Alice Coy, Haim Bresheeth and Roland Rance who presented Brenner's book, "51 Documents: Zionist Collaboration with the Nazis".
Google Sites  “Proposal of the National Military Organization (Irgun Zvai Leumi)  Concerning the Solution of the Jewish Question in Europe and the  Participation of the NMO in the War on the side of Germany” was found in the German Embassy in Turkey. They told the Nazis that “The evacuation of the Jewish masses from Europe is a precondition for  solving the Jewish question; but this can only be made possible and  complete through the settlement of these masses in the home of the  Jewish people, Palestine, and through the establishment of a Jewish  state in its historic boundaries.... The NMO, which is well-acquainted with the goodwill of the German Reich  government and its authorities towards Zionist activity inside Germany  and towards Zionist emigration plans, is of the opinion that: 1. Common interests could exist between the establishment of a new  order in Europe in conformity with the German concept, and the true  national aspirations of the Jewish people as they are embodied by the  NMO. 2. Cooperation between the new Germany and a renewed folkish-national  Hebraium would be possible and, 3. The establishment of the historic Jewish state on a national and  totalitarian basis, bound by a treaty with the German Reich, would be  in the interest of a maintained and strengthened future German position  of power in the Near East. Proceeding from these considerations, the NMO in Palestine, under the  condition the above-mentioned national aspirations of the Israeli  freedom movement are recognized on the side of the German Reich, offers  to actively lake part in the war on Germany’s side. This offer by the NMO... would be connected to the military training  and organizing of Jewish manpower in Europe, under the leadership and  command of the NMO. These military units would take part in the fight  to conquer Palestine, should such a front be decided upon.
  • 1990Wikipedia  Lenni Brenner and Stokely Carmichael found the Committee against Zionism and Racism   ...   Lenni Brenner (born 1937) is an American Marxist Trotskyist writer. In the 1960s, Brenner was a prominent civil rights activist and a prominent opponent of the Vietnam War. Brenner was born into an Orthodox Jewish family. He became an atheist at age 10 or 12 and a Marxist at age 15. Brenner's involvement with theAmerican Civil Rights Movement began when he met James Farmer of the Congress of Racial Equality, later the organizer of the "freedom rides" of the early 1960s. He also worked with Bayard Rustin, later the organizer of Martin Luther King's 1963 "I Have a Dream" march on Washington. (Neither were Marxists.) Brenner was arrested three times during civil rights sit-ins in the San Francisco Bay Area. He spent 39 months in jail when a court revoked his probation formarijuana possession, because of his activities during the Berkeley Free Speech Movement at the University of California in 1964. He was an anti-war activist from the first days of the Vietnam War, speaking frequently at rallies in the Bay Area. In 1963 he organized the Committee for Narcotic Reform in Berkeley. In 1968 he co-founded the National Association for Irish Justice, the American affiliate of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. In the 1990s, he and Kwame Ture (aka Stokely Carmichael), the legendary "Black Power" leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, co-founded the Committee against Zionism and Racism. They also published The Anti-War Activist. In 2003, Brenner spoke at the inaugural meeting of Jews Against Zionism in, with his colleagues Alice Coy, Haim Bresheeth and Roland Rance who presented Brenner's book, "51 Documents: Zionist Collaboration with the Nazis".
  • 1994 to present
  • 1994Wikipedia  Israel Shahak writes Jewish History, Jewish Religion: the Weight of Three Thousand Years  ...  Israel Shahak (Hebrew: ישראל שחק; born Himmelstaub, April 28, 1933 – July 2, 2001) was a Polish-born Holocaust survivor and Israeli professor of chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, known especially as a liberal political thinker, author, and civil rights activist. Between 1970-1990, he was president of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights and was an outspoken critic of the Israeli government.  Judaism  ...  Shahak first became concerned about Israel’s direction because of David Ben-Gurion's statement during the 1956 Suez War that Israel was fighting for "the kingdom of David and Solomon."[9] In the 1960s he became involved in the Israeli League Against Religious Coercion. In 1965, he began his political activism against “classical Judaism” and Zionism.[7] That year he wrote a controversial letter to Haaretz alleging he had witnessed an Orthodox Jew “refusing to let his phone be used on the Sabbath to help a non-Jew who had collapsed nearby,” beginning a still continuing debate on Orthodox Jewish attitudes towards non-Jews   ...   Following the 1967 Six-Day War, Shahak disavowed his affiliation with the League Against Religious Coercion, stating they were "fake liberals" who used liberal principles to fight religious influence in Israeli society, but failed to apply them to Israeli treatment of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.Shahak then became active with the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights and was elected its president in 1970. He remained a “moving spirit” of the organization for many years  ...   In 1994, Shahak published Jewish History, Jewish Religion: The Weight Of Three Thousand Years. In it he proposes that most nations' histories are initially ethnocentric. However they then evolve through a period of critical self-analysis to incorporate other perspectives. Jewish emancipation by the Enlightenment was a dual liberation, from both Christian antisemitism and a 'ghetto priesthood' with its 'imposed scriptural control'
  • 1997 InformationUnderground Jerome Hauer is also Jewish and a staunch Zionist. Hauer's mother, Rose Muscatine Hauer, is the retired Dean of the Beth Israel School of Nursing and the Honorary President of the New York Chapter of Hadassah, the Daughters of Zion movement that is one of the central Zionist organizations involved in the creation and maintenance of the State of Israel.  In 1918, when Hadassah opened its first hospital on Jerusalem's Rehov Ha'nevi'im, the Street of the Prophets – a gift of the Rothschild family – Dr. Kagan became Head of Pediatrics.  Jerome Hauer was also the guy chosen to run Mayor Rudy Guiliani's office of emergency management( OEM) from 1996 to 2000. He is the key individual that pushed for this office to be placed in Silverstein's building 7.  link Building 7 to Blackstone  to Rothschild.  Former special agent FBI, John O'neil, who was tasked with investigating Bin Laden coincidentally enough, was Former special agent FBI, John O'neil, who was tasked with investigating Bin Laden coincidentally enough, was hired as head of security at the WTC by Jerome Hauer. Amazingly, O'neil was killed on his FIRST day of work -- 9/11.
  • 1998 WindowToPalestine   Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz   ...  “In 1998 he was honored by the Jerusalem Fund of Aish HaTorah with ‘The Israel 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Tribute Award’ for his services to the Zionist state in ‘playing a key role in promoting close alliance between the United States and Israel.” The Jerusalem Fund of Aish HaTorah funds Israeli arms fairs… 
  • 2000 Stop de Bezetting Disney Company - Gilian Technologies, which provides Web content security solutions, announced in early 2002 that it had received a $2 M investment from Steamboat Ventures LLC, the venture investment arm of the Walt Disney Company. * after receiving $1.8 M from Israel towards construction cost of $8 M, Disney unveiled an exhibit in October 200 showing a united Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The Jewish Chronicle reported on the 24 Sept, 2000: "If you go and see the show there won't be any doubt in your mind that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel." As noted on the friends of al-Aqsa website, “this is an attempt by Disney to mentally condition people in accepting the illegal Israeli claims to Jerusalem.” 
  • 2000Wikipedia  Norman Finkelstein publishes The Holocaust Industry  Norman Gary Finkelstein (born December 8, 1953) is an American political scientist, activist and author. His primary fields of research are the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the politics of the Holocaust, an interest motivated by the experiences of his parents who were Jewish Holocaust survivors. He is a graduate of Binghamton University and received his Ph.D in Political Science from Princeton University. He has held faculty positions at Brooklyn College, Rutgers University, Hunter College, New York University, and, most recently, DePaul University, where he was an assistant professor from 2001 to 2007. In 2007, after a highly publicized row between Finkelstein and a notable opponent of hisAlan Dershowitz, Finkelstein's tenure bid at DePaul was denied. Finkelstein was placed on administrative leave for the 2007–2008 academic year, and on September 5, 2007, he announced his resignation after coming to a settlement with the university on generally undisclosed terms. An official statement from DePaul strongly defended the decision to deny Finkelstein tenure, stated that outside influence played no role in the decision, and praised Finkelstein "as a prolific scholar and outstanding teacher".  The Holocaust Industry   is a 2000 book by Norman G. Finkelstein that argues that the American Jewish establishment exploits the memory of the Nazi Holocaust for political and financial gain, as well as to further the interests of Israel. According to Finkelstein, this "Holocaust industry" has corrupted Jewish culture and the authentic memory of the Holocaust.   ...  Finkelstein states that his consciousness of "the Nazi holocaust" is rooted in his parents' experiences in theWarsaw ghetto; with the exception of his parents themselves, "every family member on both sides was exterminated by the Nazis". Nonetheless, during his childhood, no one ever asked any questions about what his mother and father had suffered. He suggests, "This was not a respectful silence. It was indifference." It was only after the establishment of "the Holocaust industry", he suggests, that outpourings of anguish over the plight of the Jews in World War II began. This ideology in turn served to endow Israel with a status as "'victim' state" despite its "horrendous" human rights record   ...
  • 2001 Stop de Bezetting Coca-Cola USA sponsors the United Jewish Federation Greater Atlanta branch, which gives to the Jewish community in Israel, aiding, among other things “refugee resettlement” there. * On October 11th 2001, Coca-Cola World Headquarters hosted the American-Israel Chamber of Commerce Eagle Star Awards Gala in which “Israeli Company of the Year”, “Israeli Technology of the Year”, etc awards were given out by Israel’s Economic Minister to North America. The Coca-Cola Company was also the Platinum sponsor of the whole event. * together with "Friends of Israel" and National Hillel sponsored a lecture by pro-zionist correspondent Linda Gradstein (of National Public Radio) at the University of Minnesota * honored by Israel Economic Mission at Israel Trade Award Dinner for continuous support of Israel, as in 1968 in response to Arab boycott, it opened a factory in Israel, event though this brought “serious financial damages to Coca-Cola,” to the tune of “millions of dollars” (quotes taken from company’s official Hebrew website
  • 2001 Stop de Bezetting Coca-Cola – bought 43% of Neviot Water in 2001 for c. $20 million, a company which has 40% of the Israeli bottled water market * in January 2002 Coca-Cola reported it was beginning negotiations to acquire Golan Wineries, located in the Golan Heights * in Dec. 2000 bought 33.3%of StoreAlliance, Israeli computer technology supplier, for $5 million through its Israeli subsidiary * until July 2000 Coca-Cola owned Mayanot Eden which is a water-company based in the Golan * announced in July 2002 that, in return for millions of dollars in tax breaks from the Israeli government, it will build a new plant in Kiryat Gat. The new plant will employ 700 Israelis. * sponsors Israel’s national basketball team, “where it invests great amounts of money annually,” also sponsors Israeli national marathons, tennis competitions, and so on; sponsors yearly public Arad Jazz concert at the Red Sea (quote from company’s official Hebrew website)
  • 2001 LittleTboca David Axelrod is Obama’s Senior Advisor and Campaign manager and has been hanging out with Obama since 2001. Axelrod is one of the highest level Rothschild Zionist agents/controllers of the Obama administration. Axelrod was commissioned in 1992 by Klutznick to make Barack Obama “our first black president,” Philip M. Klutznick of Chicago, the former president of B’nai B’rith International the global voice of the Jewish community, is an international Jewish organization … and the World Jewish Congress. George Soros is a Rothschild Zionist agent, not only donates to Obama but is one of Obama’s puppeteers. Obama’s advisors and czars who are connected to Rothschild Zionism include Cass Sunstein. Cass appointed two Rothschild Zionists (Carol Browner & Todd Stem) to take charge of the climate change and global warming. Ken Feinberg was appointed by Obama to be the special pay master for the companies bailed out by our stimulus money and yes, Ken is connected to the Rothschild Zionists. Economic Czar – Larry Summers, Pay Czar – Kenneth Feinberg, Guatanomo/Military Jails Czar -Daniel Fried, Car Czar – Steven Rattner, Border Czar and there’s so much more. So when you wake up tomorrow and wonder why Obama acts and sounds like a crazy man – you know who the real puppeteers are and you’d better believe that David Axelrod is destroying our Nation under the watchful eye of the Rothschild Zionists.   
  • 2001 - Wikipedia  Israel and the United States pull out of the World Conference against Racism 2001, also known as Durban I  ...  The 2001 World Conference against Racism (WCAR), also known as Durban I, was held at the Durban International Convention Centre in Durban, South Africa, under UN auspices, from 31 August to 8 September 2001. The conference dealt with several controversial issues, including compensation for slavery and the actions of Israel. The language of the final Declaration and Programme of Action produced by the conference was strongly disputed in these areas, both in the preparatory meetings in the months that preceded the conference and during the conference itself. Two delegations, the United States and Israel, withdrew from the conference over objections to a draft document equating Zionism with racism. The final Declaration and Programme of Action did not contain the text that the U.S. and Israel had objected to, that text having been voted out by delegates in the days after the U.S. and Israel withdrew.   ...   The NGO Forum ended in discord. Mary Robinson lost the support of the United States in her office of High Commissioner, and many of the potential political aftereffects of the conference were annulled by the September 11, 2001 attacks. The attacks took place just three days after the conference ended, entirely eclipsing it in the news, and significantly affecting international relations and politics. The conference was followed by the 2009 Durban II conference in Geneva, which was boycotted by ten western countries. A commemorative Durban III conference scheduled to take place in 2011 in New York has also drawn significant criticism and will be boycotted by the UK, US, Canada and Israel.
  • 2002 May Mona Baker In May 2002, following the sharp rise in the level of atrocities committed against the Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza, I decided to join the call to boycott Israeli academic institutions. The boycott was conceived along the same lines as the sanctions which ultimately led to the collapse of the apartheid regime in South Africa. The call was initiated by Professor Steven Rose (Physics, Open University) and Professor Hilary Rose (Bradford University). The most extensive overview of the boycott to date was published in The Guardian in December 2002, under the title It’s water on stone. I first wrote to Miriam Shlesinger (Bar Ilan University, Israel) on 23 May explaining my decision and asking her to resign from the Editorial Board of The Translator. She refused. I also wrote to Gideon Toury (Tel Aviv University, Israel) on 8 June along the same lines, asking him to resign from the panel of Consulting Editors of Translation Studies Abstracts. He too refused. I removed them both from the boards of the respective journals.
  • 2002 Haaretz  Hadassah is calling for an end to all boycotts, including Jewish-led boycotts against Israel's critics. Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, passed a resolution at its national convention in Buena Vista, Florida, last week saying it "strongly condemns all forms of organized boycott." The resolution follows months during which Jewish groups have led boycotts against, among others, American newspapers and broadcasters for perceived anti-Israel bias and France for its perceived tolerance of anti-Semitism. But boycott calls against Israel and its institutions are also mushrooming. "It is exactly because Israel has been the target of boycotts, that Hadassah opposes boycotts - even by well-intended parties - as a strategy that only results in harm," said Hadassah's national president, Bonnie Lipton, in a press release.
  • 2002 CorporateWatch Among other things, Raytheon makes Bunker Buster bombs, Tomahawk and Patriot missiles. A number of their missiles can be loaded with cluster bombs, which are banned under international law but have, nonetheless, been used by the US and Israeli armies. Raytheon is one of Israel's main suppliers of weapons used in the recent attacks on Gaza. Through its US and Israeli military relations, the company is said to advocate the expansionist notion of 'Greater Israel', which, of course, means more war business and more profits (see here). In September last year, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency, which oversees major arms sales, approved the sale of three kits made by Raytheon to upgrade Israel's Patriot missile system in a deal valued at up to $164 million (see here).
  • 2002 Stop de Bezetting  Cadbury Schweppes – announced on Dec. 17, 2002 plans to invest $4.5 m in Israeli confectionary maker and distributor Carmit after a year’s trial association with Carmit whereby the latter distributed Cadbury’s goods in Israel. The money, Cadbury specified, will paid in the first three months of 2003 and will be used for the advertising to promote its products in Israel. Carmit will become Carmit-Cadbury
  • 2003  RicharSilverstein   I’ve been writing Tikun Olam, one of the earliest liberal Jewish blogs, since February, 2003.  It focuses on Israeli-Palestinian peace and includes commentary on U.S. politics and human rights. Technorati ranks this blog 21st of all world politics blogs and a member of the Top 100 in that category. I also created the Israel Palestine Forum, a discussion forum for progressives about the I-P conflict. Israel Palestine Blogs aggregates 50 peace blogs writing about the conflict. I wrote a chapter for the Independent Jewish Voices essay collection, A Time to Speak Out. I’m a regular contributor toTruthout and contributed to Haaretz, Christian Science Monitor, Jewish Forward, Los Angeles Times, Comment Is Free and Al Jazeera English. My work has also been in the Seattle Times, American Conservative Magazine,Beliefnet and Tikkun Magazine. I’ve done several segments for Al Jazeera TV’s Listening Post and Israel’s Channel 10 Tzinor Layla news program.  The NY Times featured my reporting about the Shamai Leibowitz FBI tapes on its front page.
  • 2003 Inminds.co.uk Jews Against Zionism Zionism Against Jews Panel Roland Rance (chair) Alice Coy Haim Bresheeth Lenni Brenner Inaugural Meeting 18 June 2003 Recently "Jews Against Zionism" group held its inaugural meeting. With three knowledgeable speakers, all of Jewish origin speaking against Zionism, followed by an open discussion made a stimulating evening. The panel consisted of Roland Rance(chair), Alice Coy, Prof. Haim Bresheeth and Lenni Brenner. We were privileged to be able to attend and here we present in full the speeches and discussion. There is something here for everyone to learn from - especially for those who blindly follow Zionism and for those who blindly paint all Jews with the Zionist brush. In their own words Jews Against Zionism describe themselves as: Jews Against Zionism is an organisation of Jews and others opposed to the Zionist movement and ideology, and to its impact on both Palestinians and Jews. We believe that the conflict in Palestine cannot be resolved without a return of Palestinian refugees and dismantlement of the Zionist structure of the state of Israel; and that this is impossible in the context of “two states“ and a re-partition of Palestine. We advocate the only approach which can lead to peace with justice in the region; we call fro a unitary, secular and democratic Palestine, the return of Palestinian refugees, and full and equal rights for Palestinians, Israeli Jews, and all other people living in the whole of Palestine. 
  • 2005Wikipedia  Michael Neumann writes The Case Against Israel   Michael Neumann (born 1946) is a professor of philosophy at Trent University in Ontario, Canada. He is the author of What's Left? Radical Politics and the Radical Psyche (1988), The Rule of Law: Politicizing Ethics (2002) and The Case Against Israel (2005), and has published papers on utilitarianism and rationality.   ...  Neumann is "the son of German Jewish refugees", one of them the eminent political sociologist of NazismFranz Leopold Neumann. He has written that "Like my parents, I have always been an atheist." He is a US citizen and resident of Canada. Neumann graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. in English and History from Columbia University in 1968, and in 1975 was awarded his Ph.D. in philosophy by the University of Toronto.   ...   Neumann is the author of What's Left? Radical Politics and the Radical Psyche (1988) and The Rule of Law: Politicizing Ethics (2002). He is a frequent contributor to the CounterPunch newsletter edited by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair, and contributed to their 2003 edited collection The Politics of Anti-Semitism. In 2005 he published The Case Against Israel, a response to Alan Dershowitz's The Case for Israel.  ...   On April 21, 2009, Neumann gave an interview in which he stated that Israel is an “illegitimate state” but also stated that Israel should not be destroyed. He quoted from his book The Case Against Israel in which he wrote that “The cure of destruction is worse than the disease of illegitimate existence. In practise, wiping out a powerful state like Israel or the U.S. would cause even more suffering than letting it survive
  • 2005 CorporateWatch  over 100 Palestinian organisations and unions called for a campaign of boycott, divestment and sanctions against Israel "until it complies with international law and universal principles of human rights" (see the call here). The boycott campaign had been gathering momentum all over the world, with dedicated campaigns and groups researching, lobbying their governments and the public, and taking direct action. Following the recent massacres in Gaza, the calls for boycotting Israeli goods have become even more powerful and mainstream, as people started to realise that Israeli and international companies investing in Israel not only contribute to an immoral and often illegal economy, but also help perpetuate a brutal and bloody occupation.  
  • 2005Wikipedia  Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) is a campaign started on 9 July 2005 by 171 Palestinian non-governmental organizations in support of the Palestinian cause for boycottdivestment and international sanctions against Israel.  ...  The final declaration of the NGO Forum, World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in Durban, South Africa in 2001, called for "mandatory and comprehensive sanctions and embargoes, the full cessation of all links (diplomatic, economic, social, aid, military cooperation and training) between all states and Israel". Mary Robinson, UN Human Rights chief said that there was "horrible anti-Semitism present" at the NGO Forum   ...   Criticism  ...   Although BDS has tried to finesse the question of whether the movement is seeking a one-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, many of its leaders have gone on the record as seeking this, including Omar Barghouti, a founder of the BDS movement. Furthermore, many have gone as far as to call for the complete destruction of the Jewish state, including Professor As'ad AbuKhalil, who wrote in Al-Akhbar that he agrees that "the real aim of BDS is to bring down the state of Israel" and that "Israel will have to submit to the will of the Palestinians."
  • 2005 Islam-Online  While the US managed to secure a Saudi pledge to ease boycott of Israel in swap for a helping the kingdom join the World Trade Organization (WTO), the main Jewish lobby in America said the move did not live up to its expectations. Riyadh has promised, as part of a bilateral agreement signed with Washington on Friday, September 9, not to enforce aspects of the Arab League boycott of Israel that apply to US firms doing business with Israel, US Trade Representative Rob Portman said in a statement posted on his Web site. The kingdom has also pledged to abide by WTO rules in its trade with all 148 members of the WTO, including Israel, he added. "As a result of negotiations on its accession to the WTO, we will see greater openness, further development of the rule of law, and political and economic reform in Saudi Arabia". The agreement, signed without public fanfare in Washington, paves the way for Saudi Arabia to join the WTO by the end of 2005. The United States was the last WTO member to reach a bilateral market access deal with Riyadh.
  • 2005 Sept WMR September 23, 2005 -- Anti-war Democrats are up in arms over the fact that top Democrats will not be addressing the huge anti-war demonstration planned for Washington on September 24 -- the first demonstration that plans to surround the White House -- although at a distance -- since the Vietnam War protests. Past anti-war figures like DNC Chairman Howard Dean and potential presidential candidate Sen. Russ Feingold of Wisconsin (who also infuriated Democrats by voting in the Senate Judiciary Committee for the nomination of John Roberts as Chief Justice) are boycotting the demonstration as is Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, Sen. John Kerry, and Sen. Joseph Biden, all likely presidential candidates in 2008. Anti-war Democrats are vowing to have their revenge against these candidates in the 2008 primaries. At this time only Representatives Cynthia McKinney and John Conyers are scheduled to address the protesters. They also addressed past anti-war rallies in the nation's capital. Rep. Lynn Woolsey of California also plans to address the rally.
  • 2005 StopdeBezetting Estée Lauder – CEO Ronald Lauder bought 80% of Jerusalem Capital Studios in Dec. 1996 for $15.6 M * bought Ron Shmueli’s Catering CO. for $5 M * Ronald Lauder Group’s RSL bought 51% of Delta Three in Dec. 1997 * opened the Shalem Center in 1993 * President of the company, Ron Lauder, is also president of the Jewish National Fund which collects monies to usurp Palestinian land and territorial claims. * He has set up the Ron S Lauder Fund which runs a summer camp for Eastern European Jewish children to encourage their interest in Zionism. * His foundation the Ronald Lauder Organization financially supports "America's Voices in Israel" - a recently established US-based organization that brings American talk radio hosts to Israel to broadcast their shows back to the US. * In Jan. 2001, he announced at rally in Jerusalem that Palestinians should not have the right of return. * Most recently, Lauder has participated on the board of the Israel Emergency Solidarity Fund which raises monies supplementing governmental benefits to give to families of Israeli Jews killed by Palestinian resistance.  
  • 2005 CorporateWatch BAE is known to have supplied Israel with 'Head-Up Displays' (HUD) for F16 fighter aircraft, which have been used by the Israeli army to turn Lebanese and Palestinian villages and towns into rubble. The first of Israel's new order arrived in 2005 and the first 25 F16s were fitted with BAE's HUDs. The remaining 77 were to be fitted with Elbit HUDs. BAE also supply Israel with part of the 'navigation suite' and elements of the 'self-protection suite' (including a BAE Systems/Rokar flare) for all Israel's F16 jets.
  • 2006 comment "The consensus among Israeli peaceniks is that both Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and his Labor Party Defense Minister Amir Peretz feel the political need to show that they are 'strong' and hence the invasion and attack on Lebanon is their only politically possible strategy. For the sake of their egos and their future political viability, they 'must' proceed with the wild escalation of the struggle against the Lebanese people, most of whom had exercised their democratic rights by rejecting Hezbollah’s electoral appeals, voting in a government that had only a small minority of Hezbollah within it." Message from Rabbi Michael Lerner of Tikkun, July 17, 2006.
  • 2006Wikipedia  Yakov M. Rabkin  ...  is a professor of history at the Université de Montréal, author and public intellectual. His book A Threat from Within: A Century of Jewish Opposition to Zionism was nominated for best French to English translation for "an important and timely work" at the 2006 Governor General's Awards. It has also been listed as one of the three best books of the year by Japan’s leading daily Asahi Shimbun in 2010. This book is currently available in twelve languages.   ...   His other published works include studies of relations between science and technology, research on cultural aspects of science, including studies of Jews in the scientific profession,Science Between the Superpowers (Priority Press), a study of programs for the exchange of U.S and Soviet Union scientists,as well as works on the fate of Soviet science and scientists after the dismemberment of the USSR and, more generally, on science and political freedoms   ...  Rabkin largely rejects the concept of a two-state solution for the Israel/Palestine conflict, and has expressed strong support for a bi-national state.
  • 2006 May WW4Report Congresswoman boycotts AIPAC Submitted by David Bloom on Sat, 05/20/2006 - 18:58 Palestine Theater From the JTA, May 20: Congresswoman cuts off AIPAC A congresswoman says AIPAC is unwelcome in her office until it apologizes for an activist who called her a terrorist supporter. Rep. Betty McCollum (D-Minn.) said the supporter of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee told her chief of staff that "McCollum's support for terrorists will not be tolerated." McCollum is one of two members of the U.S. House of Representatives' International Relations Committee who voted against a bill, which AIPAC strongly endorses, that would cut off the Palestinian Authority. AIPAC says the bill is necessary to isolate Hamas, the terrorist group in control of P.A. government. McCollum and some others in Congress say the bill goes too far, cutting off the Palestinian Authority no matter who is governing it, and severely restricting humanitarian aid. "For an AIPAC representative to say that I would ever vote to support Middle East terrorists over the interests of my country will never be tolerated by me or the families I serve," McCollum wrote in a letter to Howard Kohr, AIPAC's executive director, that was republished in the New York Review of Books. AIPAC has yet to reply to McCollum's demand for an apology.
  • 2006 Facebook Any boycott of Israel should include a trade boycott, including a boycott of diamond corporations such as De Beers that trades with Israel. The diamond and jewelry industry makes up a significant part of Israel's GDP annually. It therefore contributes to the Israeli fiscuss and arms spend and ultimately to the military oppression of the Palestinian people. Apartheid's defeat came about in part because the cultural and academic boycott was expanded into a trade boycott. Any diamonds processed in Israel are blood diamonds. Southern African countries like South AFrica and Botswana should as a matter of principle end all ties with Apartheid Israel. 
  • 2006Wikipedia  Mondoweiss   Mondoweiss (2006-Present) is a news website that is co-edited by journalists Philip Weiss and Adam Horowitz.[1] According to the editors describe Mondoweiss as "a news website devoted to covering American foreign policy in the Middle East, chiefly from a progressive Jewish perspective." They also state that they "maintain this blog because of 9/11, Iraq, Gaza, the Nakba, the struggling people of Israel and Palestine, and our Jewish background
  • 2006 Sept  Dissident Voice "Israeli-US Strategy: Lebanon and Iran ... Even as the bricks were still smoldering from 9/11, Israeli ideological point men, Senator Lieberman and Undersecretary for Defense Wolfowitz urged Washington to attack Iran by launching either simultaneous or sequential wars. In pursuit of Israel’s regional priorities, its representatives in the US Government, in the Pentagon (Wolfowitz, Feith and Shulsky), in the National Security Council (Abrams), in the Vice President’s Office (Libby) and in the President’s Office (Speech writer Frum) falsified intelligence, designed the propaganda (War Against Terror, Axis of Evil) and planned the War against Iraq, and with the Lobby secured near unanimous Congressional acquiescence. They then successfully secured a US boycott of Syria and support for Israel’s expropriation, annexation and settlement of Palestinian land in the West Bank and the destruction of Gaza. Even as the US invasion failed to secure control of Iraq, Israel’s representatives in the US Government did destroy Iraqi society and state, and its capacity to support the Palestinian resistance, increasing Israel’s regional power (at a very high cost to the United States)."  These indictments just a predictable course of events in the fascist neo-con plans for the Middle East."  There are very few images of Harold Rhode on the internet.   
  • 2006Wikipedia  Ilan Pappé writes The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine   Ilan Pappé (Hebrew: אילן פפה; born 1954) is an Israeli historian and socialist activist. He is currently a professor with the College of Social Sciences and International Studies at the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom, director of the university's European Centre for Palestine Studies, and co-director of the Exeter Centre for Ethno-Political Studies. Pappé was born in HaifaIsrael. Prior to coming to the UK, he was a senior lecturer in political science at the University of Haifa (1984–2007) and chair of the Emil Touma Institute for Palestinian and Israeli Studies in Haifa (2000–2008). He is the author of The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine (2006), The Modern Middle East (2005), A History of Modern Palestine: One Land, Two Peoples (2003), and Britain and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (1988).He was formerly a leading member of Hadash, and was a candidate on the party list in the 1996  and 1999 Knesset elections. Pappé is one of Israel's New Historians who, since the release of pertinent British and Israeli government documents in the early 1980s, have been rewriting the history of Israel's creation in 1948, and the corresponding expulsion or flight (1948 Palestinian exodus) of 700,000 Palestinians in the same year. He has written that the expulsions were not decided on an ad hoc basis, as other historians have argued, but constituted the ethnic cleansing of Palestine, in accordance with Plan Dalet, drawn up in 1947 by Israel's future leaders. He blames the creation of Israel for the lack of peace in the Middle East, arguing that Zionism is more dangerous than Islamic militancy, and has called for an international boycott of Israeli academics.   ...   In 1999, Pappé ran in the Knesset elections as seventh on the Communist Party-led Hadash list. After years of political activism, Pappé supports economic and political boycotts of Israel, including an academic boycott. He believes boycotts are justified because "the Israeli occupation is a dynamic process and it becomes worse with each passing day. The AUT can choose to stand by and do nothing, or to be part of a historical movement similar to the anti-apartheid campaign against the white supremacist regime in South Africa. By choosing the latter, it can move us forward along the only remaining viable and non-violent road to saving both Palestinians and Israelis from an impending catastrophe." If it is possible Israel's conduct in 1948 would be brought onto the stage of international tribunals; this may deliver a message even to the peace camp in Israel that reconciliation entails recognition of war crimes and collective atrocities. This cannot be done from within, as any reference in the Israeli press to expulsion, massacre or destruction in 1948 is usually denied and attributed to self hate and service to the enemy in times of war. This reaction encompasses academia, the media and educational system, as well as political circles.    The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine   is a book about the 1948 Palestinian exodus authored by Ilan Pappé and published in 2006 by Oneworld Publications. Ilan Pappé is one of the New Historians. He seeks through his book to prove that a planned ethnic cleansing of Palestinian Arabs occurred during the 1948 Palestine War, or as he puts it in the preface of this book: In other words, I want to make the case for the paradigm of ethnic cleansing and use it to replace the paradigm of war as the basis for the scholarly research of, and public debate about, 1948. He considers that this objective was implemented by the Zionist movement leaders, mainly David Ben-Gurion and the other ten members of his "consultancy group" as referred to by Pappé, and that the forced move of Palestanians to the Arab World was an objective of the Zionist movement, and a must for the desired character of the Jewish State. The book says that this planned ethnic cleansing was put into effect through systematic destruction of about 500 Arab villages, as well as several terrorist attacks executed mainly by members of the Haganah and the Irgun.
  • 2007 Corporate Watch In 2007, the UK government blocked almost one-third of British military exports to Israel, citing "possible threats to regional stability" and fears that "the equipment might facilitate human rights violations." Despite Israel's continuous war crimes against the Palestinian people, however, the UK has no arms embargo on Israel and licences for the export of military 'goods' continue to be granted in accordance with the criteria set down in the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria
  • 2007 Jun Haaretz 
  • 2008Wikipedia  Shlomo Sand publishes The Invention of the Jewish People  ...   Shlomo Sand (pronounced Zand; Hebrew: שלמה זנד) (born 10 September 1946 in Linz, Austria) is professor of history at Tel Aviv University and author of the controversial book The Invention of the Jewish People (Verso Books, 2009). His main areas of interest are nationalism, film as history, and French intellectual history   ...    He eventually left the Union of Israeli Communist Youth (Banki)   and joined the more radical, and anti-ZionistMatzpen in 1968. Sand resigned from Matzpen in 1970 due to his disillusionment with the organisation   ...   Sand’s best-known book in English is The Invention of the Jewish People, originally published in Hebrew (Resling, 2008) as Matai ve’eich humtsa ha‘am hayehudi? (When and How Was the Jewish People Invented?) and subsequently translated into English the following year (Verso, 2009). Reviewing the book for Haaretz, Ofri Ilani wrote that Sand's work is an attempt "to prove that the Jewish people never existed as a ‘nation-race’ with a common origin, but rather is a colorful mix of groups that at various stages in history adopted the Jewish religion. He argues that for a number of Zionist ideologues, the mythical perception of the Jews as an ancient people led to truly racist thinking   ...   In an afterword to the paperback issue of The Invention of the Jewish People in June 2010 Sand wrote "As of today, no study based on anonymous DNA samples has succeeded in identifying a genetic marker specific to Jews, and it is not likely that any study ever will. It is a bitter irony to see the descendants of Holocaust survivors set out to find a biological Jewish identity: Hitler would certainly have been very pleased! And it is all the more repulsive that this kind of research should be conducted in a state that has waged for years a declared policy of 'Judaization of the country' in which even today a Jew is not allowed to marry a non-Jew."
  • 2008 Banki  Maki    The Democratic Camp, including political parties, public organizations and grassroots movements, is organizing to fight back against the governmental attack on Israeli democracy, orchestrated by Foreign Minister Lieberman
  • 2008 Bibliotecaplaydes  Zionist Jew Timothy Geithner was confirmed as Secretary of Treasury by Obama on November 22 2008… another banner day for the global Zionist Rothschild elite. Geithner, who was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn NY, has been serving the Rothschilds as the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York since 2003.  and Wikipedia  His father was the director of the Asia program at the Ford Foundation in New York in the 1990s.  During the early 1980s, Geithner's father Peter oversaw the Ford Foundation's microfinance programs in Indonesia being developed by Ann Dunham Soetoro, President Barack Obama's mother, and they met in person at least once.  and InvestorsHub Proof Tim Geithner works for Rothschild globalists and wants America to fail. ... And third, Geithner completely overlooks what has brought significant parts of Europe to its economic knees. He should spend more time with the authorities in Iceland or Ireland or Switzerland, countries where “financial globalization” allowed banks to become big relative to the economy.
  • 2008Wikipedia  International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network founded  ...   (IJAN) is a network of anti-Zionist Jews pledged to "Oppose Zionism and the State of Israel    ...   The IJAN views Zionism as a racist movement, and Israel as an apartheid state.[1] The charter of the organization states "[w]e are an international network of Jews who are uncompromisingly committed to struggles for human emancipation, of which the liberation of the Palestinian people and land is an indispensable part. Our commitment is to the dismantling of Israeli apartheid, the return of Palestinian refugees, and the ending of the Israeli colonization of historic Palestine." It also calls for the unconditional freeing of all Palestinian prisoners in Israel. The group also opposes the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,capitalism, and Islamophobia. Prominent members of IJAN include feminist activist Selma James and holocaust survivor Hajo Meyer. It comprises groups in the USA, Canada, India, Argentina, and several European countries   ...   Sara Kershnar and others founded the International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network in 2008   ...   In 2011 IJAN was one of a number of organizations that organized a 13-city speaking tour of the USA, which according to the Jerusalem Post "compares Israel’s relations with the Palestinians to the Nazis’ treatment of Jews during the Holocaust
  • 2009 Jan CorporateWatch On the second big Gaza solidarity march in London on 10th January, angry protesters smashed the front of a Starbucks store on Kensington High St, near the Israeli embassy, while other activists occupied the Ahava beauty shop in central London. Other actions in protest at the Israeli massacre in Gaza this month have included occupying the offices of the British Israel Communications and Research Centre (BICOM) in central London, 'decommissioning' the ITT/EDO arms factory in Brighton and university occupations across the country calling for divestment. So, who are these companies and why are they being targeted by protesters and campaigners?
  • 2009 DissidentVoice Boycott and Disinvest in Israel, in Solidarity and Self-Defense by Glen Ford / February 18th, 2009 African Americans must take a leadership role in the movement to boycott and disinvest in Israel, both for reasons of elemental justice and to defend our own people from the raging right-wing, corporate assault, of which the pro-Israel lobby is an integral component. If solidarity with Palestinians who suffer the aggressions of a regime as fundamentally racist as apartheid South Africa is not a compelling enough reason — and it surely is — then self-defense against Zionist subversion of domestic Black politics should move us to action. There can be no prospect of global peace or domestic progress while Israel runs amok in the Mid-East and its operatives wreak havoc in the African American political arena.
  • 2009 CorporateWatch Boeing has had a long business history with the Israeli military. Its recently deliveries to Israel include: IAI-developed arrow missiles, Boeing AGM-114D Longbow Hellfire missiles, 18 AH-64D Apache Longbow fighter helicopters, 63 Boeing F15 Eagle fighter planes, 102 Boeing F16 Eagle fighter planes, 42 BOEING AH-64 Apache fighter helicopters, F-16 Peace Marble II & III Aircraft, 4 Boeing 777s, and Arrow II interceptors. In September last year, the US government approved the sale of 1,000 GBU-9 small diameter bombs made by Boeing to Israel, in a deal valued at up to $77 million
  • 2010 Dec DavidIcke  They Dare Not Speak Its Name ...  But to understand the financial crisis, 9/11 and so much more, it must be spoken constantly. As we begin a new year, amid ever-gathering global tyranny, this information is vital for everyone to know. ...  It is widely known as Zionism or, as I call it, more accurately, I suggest ...Rothschild Zionism. I add the 'Rothschild' to constantly emphasise the true creators of Zionism and its controllers to this day (see Human Race Get Off Your Knees). Jewish people organise protests and call for boycotts of Israel in response to the Rothschild Zionist agenda for the Palestinians and yet how many people know that who glean their 'information' from the mainstream media?
  • 2010 - Wikipedia  Former BBC and ITN journalist Alan Hart publishes Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews   ...    is an author, former Middle East Chief Correspondent for Independent Television News, and former BBC Panorama presenter specialising in the Middle East. He has authored the three-part series Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews   ...   Hart began his career as a reporter in Central Africa, on the Nyasaland Times, and served as a war correspondent in Vietnam. He tells of having been the first Western correspondent to reach the banks of the Suez Canal with the Israeli army in 1967. He also tells of having been friendly with both Golda Meir and Yasser Arafat at roughly the same time and having been on friendly terms with such leaders as Saudi Arabia's King Faisal, Jordan's King Hussein, and both Egyptian Presidents Nasser and Sadat.
  • 2010 Jerusalem Post  For some time now, a number of pundits have been advancing the following argument: Faced with the seemingly intractable Israeli-Palestinian conflict and stuck with consecutive governments unwilling to reach an equitable agreement with the Palestinian leadership, highly educated and moderate-minded Israelis have been leaving Israel in droves. This trend has been boosted in recent years, it is claimed, by the added factor of Iran’s menacing push to achieve nuclear capability. Those remaining in Israel are increasingly ethno-nationalists such as religious Zionists, Russians, traditional-minded Sephardim and Ethiopians. Stephen Walt, the Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University, argued in April of last year on Foreign Policy’s website, for instance, that [Prime Minister Binyamin] Netanyahu “ought to be... concerned by signs that the Zionist ideal is losing its hold within Israel itself.” For proof of this claim, Walt noted that “there are reportedly between 700,000 and one million Israeli citizens now living abroad, and emigration has outpaced immigration since 2007.” According to Walt, the conflict with the Palestinians in eminently solvable, but “because Netanyahu has long opposed the creation of a viable Palestinian state and instead wants to extend Israel’s control of the West Bank, he has to lay out a set of demands that will endlessly delay the process and make it hard for Obama to put meaningful pressure on him.”
  • 2010 Haaretz  within Israel, Jews constitute 75.5 percent of the population, but that the proportion in 1998 was 79.2 percent, and 81.7 percent in 1988. In other words, the percentage of Jews in the Israeli population is constantly declining, in spite of the influx of about 1 million immigrants over the past two decades. According to the forecasts, in 2015 the percentage of Jews will decline to 73.5 percent, and will drop to 70.6 percent by 2025. Only in 2030 will there be, for the first time, a miniscule increase in the proportion of Jews, bringing us to 72 percent.
  • 2010 WindowToPalistine It started out as an Internet parody of Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz thanking customers for supporting Starbucks and Israel. The spoof read, in part: “I want to thank you for making Starbucks the $6.4 billion global company it is today… Every latte you drink at Starbucks is a contribution to the close alliance between the United States and Israel, in fact it is — as I was assured when being honored with the “Israel 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Tribute Award” — key to Israel’s long-term PR success. Your daily frappucino helps pay for student projects in North America and Israel, presenting them with the badly needed Israeli perspective of the Intifada.” 
  • 2011 JudeoFascism  From crypto-Zionist left-Bolshevism and right-Neoconservatism in the Diaspora, through naked Jewish national socialism in Israel, Judeo supremacist (Zionist) movements have murdered and terrorized millions in pursuit of a messianic, "Chosen Race" agenda. They will continue to kill until the Judeofascists and their agents, allies and accomplices are identified, exposed and isolated.--Chris Moore, editor    I learned last night from an Israeli online journal that two days before the Utoeya Island massacre, the leader of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party’s youth wing, the Workers Youth League (AUF), Eskil Pedersen, gave an interview to Dagbladet, Norway's second largest tabloid newspaper, in which he unveiled what he thinks of Israel. In the course of the interview, Pedersen stated that he “believes the time has come for more drastic measures against Israel, and [that he] wants the foreign minister to impose an economic boycott against the country”. Pederson went on to say, “The peace process goes nowhere, and though the whole world expect Israel to comply, they do not. We in Labour Youth will have a unilateral economic embargo of Israel from the Norwegian side.”
  • OCCUPY AIPAC ENDORSEMENT LIST

    14 Friends of Palestine 
    Adalah-NY: The Coalition for Justice in the Middle East
    Al- Nakba Awareness Project
    Alliance for Global Justice
    Americans & Palestinians for Peace (AMPAL)
    American Jews for a Just Peace 
    American Jews for a Just Peace – Boston
    American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) – DC
    American Muslims for Palestine
    American Muslim Voice Foundation
    Americans United for Palestinian Human Rights
    Arab American Forum
    Arab Americans of Central Ohio
    Arizona Alliance for Peace and Justice (AAPJ)
    Artists Against Apartheid
    BAKA: Students United for Middle Eastern Justice at Rutgers University
    Bay Area Women in Black
    Birthright Unplugged
    Brooklyn for Peace
    Build Bridges Not Walls
    California Israel Divestment Campaign
    Carolina Peace
    Central New York Working for a Just Peace in Palestine and Israel
    Chicago Faith Coalition on Middle East Policy (CFCMEP)
    Christians for Palestinian Rights, Maine
    Christian Peacemaker Teams – Palestine
    Citizens for Justice in the Middle East 
    Citizens for Palestinian Self-Determination
    Coalition for Palestinian Rights
    Coalition of Community Organizations (COCO)
    Coalition to Stop $30 Billion to Israel
    CODEPINK Women For Peace
    Committee for a Just Peace in Israel and Palestine
    Committee for Palestinian Rights
    Committee for Peace in Israel and Palestine
    Corvallis Palestine Action Group
    Council for the National Interest
    Cultures of Resistance Network
    Ella’s Daughter’s and Arab-Jewish Partnership
    End the Occupation- Northern Illinois
    Dorothy Day Catholic Worker Movement
    Faculty for Israeli-Palestinian Peace
    Fast Times in Palestine
    Fellowship of Reconciliation
    Free Palestine Movement
    Friends of Palestine
    Friends of Sabeel -North America
    Friends of Sabeel -NorCal
    Front Range Coalition for Mideast Justice & Peace
    Global Exchange
    Hilton Head for Peace
    If Americans Knew
    Institute for Research: Middle Eastern Policy, Inc
    InterDenominational Advocates for Peace
    Interfaith Community for Palestinian Rights

    Interfaith Community for Palestinian Rights, Austin, TX

    Interfaith Peace-Builders
    International Solidarity Movement
    International Solidarity Movement, Bard College
    International Solidarity Movement, Northern California
    International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network
    Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions USA (ICHAD-USA)
    Israeli Occupation Archive
    It is Apartheid
    Jews Say No
    Jewish Voice for Peace
    Jewish Voice for Peace, Bay Area
    Jewish Voice for Peace, Boston
    Jewish Voice for Peace, Chicago
    Jewish Voice for Peace, Portland, OR
    Jewish Voice for Peace, DC Metro Chapter
    Justice First Foundation
    JustPeace
    Kalamazoo Nonviolent Opponents of War (KNOW)
    LA Jews for Peace
    MADRE
    MAS (Muslim American Society) Freedom
    Methodist Federation for Social Action

    Middle East Children’s Alliance
    Middle East Fellowship
     Section
    MidEast: JustPeace
    Middle East Peace Now
    Middle East Policy Advisory Committee (MEPAC)
    Minnesota Break the Bonds
    Muslim Student Union – University of California, Irvine
    National Lawyers Guild, Free Palestine Committee 
    Network of Spiritual Progressives
    New Orleans Palestinian Solidarity
    Nonviolence International
    Northfielders for Justice in Palestine/Israel
    North Shore Coalition for Peace and Justice
    Olympia BDS
    Palestine-Israel Action Group- Quakers, Ann Arbor, MI
    Peace Action
    Peace Action New York State
    Peace Action of San Mateo County
    Peace Action Montgomery (MD)
    Philly BDS
    Princeton Middle East Society
    Progressive Democrats of America
    Proposition One Committee
    Radio Free Maine
    Rachel Corrie Foundation
    Radio Against Apartheid
    Radio Free Maine
    Run For Palestine
    Sabeel DC Metro
    Sacramento Area Peace Action
    Saje Press
    Sba Farms Collective
    Seattle Mideast Awareness Campaign
    Socialist Party USA -Baltimore branch
    South Florida Boycott, Divest and Sanction
    Squadron13.com
    Students Confronting Apartheid by Israel at Stanford University
    Students for Peace and Justice in Palestine- University of Virginia
    St. Louis Palestine Solidarity Committee
    Stop AIPAC
    Students for a Free Palestine at Oberlin
    Students for Justice in Palestine Groups:
    SJP- American University
    SJP- Benedictine University
    SJP- Brown University
    SJP- Florida International University
    SJP- George Washington University
    SJP- Georgetown University
    SJP- New York University
    SJP- Northeastern University
    SJP- Pennsylvania State University
    SJP- San Diego State University
    SJP- Saint Xavier University
    SJP- UC Berkeley
    SJP- UCSD
    SJP- University of Maryland
    The Campaign for Peace and Democracy
    The Coalition Against Israeli Apartheid
    The Coalition for Peace with Justice
    The Committee for Peace in Israel and Palestine – CoPiP
    The Front Range Coalition for Mideast Justice & Peace
    The Madison-Rafah Sister City Project in Madison, Wisconsin
    The North Texas Boycott, Divest and Sanction of Israel Campaign 
    The Peace Education Center of Greater Lansing
    The Tree of Life Educational Fund
    The US Peace Council
    Unelected.org
    Unitarian Universalists for Justice in the Middle East
    United for Peace and Justice
    United National Antiwar Committee
    US Boat to Gaza
    US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel
    US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation
    US Palestinian Community Network (USPCN)
    The US Peace Council
    Vermonters for a Just Peace In Palestine/Israel
    Veterans for Peace
    Voices for Creative Nonviolence
    Washington Interfaith Peace Alliance
    Washington Peace Center 
    We Are Wide Awake
    WESPAC Foundation
    Women in Black, Augusta Chapter
    Women in Black, Westchester, NY
    Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom- US
  • 2011Gilad Atzmon publishes The Wandering Who?  Gilad Atzmon (Hebrew: גלעד עצמון; born June 9, 1963) is an Israeli-born British jazz saxophonist, novelist, political activist and writer.Atzmon's album Exile was BBC jazz album of the year in 2003. Playing over 100 dates a year, he has been called "surely the hardest-gigging man in British jazz." His albums, of which he has recorded thirteen to date, often explore the music of the Middle East and political themes. He has described himself as a "devoted political artist." A profile in The Guardian in 2009 which described Atzmon as "one of London's finest saxophonists" stated: "It is Atzmon's blunt anti-Zionism rather than his music that has given him an international profile, particularly in the Arab world, where his essays are widely read." His criticisms of ZionismJewish identity, and Judaism, as well as his controversial views on The Holocaust and Jewish history have led to allegations of antisemitism and racism from both Zionists and anti-Zionists.   ...   Activism: Gilad Atzmon's service as a paramedic in the Israeli Defense Forces during the 1982 Lebanon War caused him to conclude that "I was part of a colonial state, the result of plundering and ethnic cleansing." He told an interviewer that it was there he first learned about Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, legislation to prevent their return, and the wiping out of Palestinian villages. “We were indoctrinated into a denial of the Palestinian Cause. We were not aware of it.” Atzmon supports the Palestinian right of return and the one-state solution in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict   ...   The Wandering Who?  In 2011, Zero Books published Atzmon's book The Wandering Who? A Study of Jewish Identity Politics whose publisher states the book "examines Jewish identity politics and Jewish contemporary ideology using both popular culture and scholarly texts."[65] Five academics, a journalist and an author were quoted in blurbs in the front of the book. John Mearsheimer of the University of Chicago wrote that "Gilad Atzmon has written a fascinating and provocative book on Jewish identity in the modern world" and that the book "should be widely read by Jews and non-Jews alike." Richard Falk wrote it was "absorbing and moving" book that everyone who "care[s] about real peace" should "not only read, but reflect upon and discuss widely
  • 2011 Stop de Bezetting We have always been and will always be against the occupation We have always been and will always be against normalization in all its aspects We have always been and will always be against the illegal Zionist state We have always been and will always be resistance resistance resistance...
  • 2011 Facebook TEVA pharmaceuticals, boycott Boycotting TEVA is done in 3 easy steps: 1) If you have a prescription at a pharmacy and the manufacturer (MFG) of your medication is TEVA, call the pharmacy and kindly ask it what other brands they carry in your generic medication (there are so many).   Teva manufactures 71 billion tablets a year in 77 production facilities around the world. Over 1.5 million Teva prescriptions are written each day in the US alone, 1,052 prescriptions per minute.
  • 2012 July TheYeshivaWorld According to a Kikar Shabbat report, the Vishnitzer Rebbe from Monsey Shlita may boycott the main Siyum HaShas because “Zionist rabbis” are expected to address the tzibur. This apparently may also lead to other prominent rabbonim and admorim shlita to boycott the event. Until this announcement, residents of Eretz Yisroel were envious of Jews in North America which was holding one major siyum for all as opposed to in Eretz Yisrael there are siyumim for Ashkenazim, Sephardim, litvish and dati leumi. The rebbe’s announcement however changes all of this. Invited to address that forum is Tel Aviv Chief Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau Shlita as well as Rosh Yeshivas HaMekubalim Ahavas Shalom HaRav HaGaon Yaakov Hillel Shlita. The Vishnitzer Rebbe Monsey, told organizers earlier in the week he cannot attend since the “Zionist rabbis” will be attending in an official capacity.
  • 2012 June EndTheOccupation  The last two months have seen a lot of activity around our two corporate boycott and divestment campaigns, from over two-dozen events during our March month of action, to protests at the Motorola shareholders' meeting last week.  Just one day before Motorola's shareholders' meeting, the AIPAC  American-Israel Public Affairs Committee's (AIPAC) Executive Director made an impassioned speech about the efficacy of boycott and divestment campaigns.  Now, join us as we gear up for Caterpillar's  shareholder's meeting on June 10th.
  • 2012 Oct Center for Economic Justice The World Bank Bonds Boycott is an international grassroots campaign that is building moral, political, and financial pressure on the World Bank. The World Bank raises most of its funds by issuing bonds. Ordinary people, through their pension funds, labor unions, churches, municipalities, and universities are exerting pressure for change on the World Bank by refusing to buy its bonds. The campaign links social movements in the global South which are challenging harmful World Bank policies with activists and networks in the North which are using the boycott to reclaim democracy at home. The campaign demands an end to the World Bank's harmful "structural adjustment" policies; 100% debt cancellation; and an end to environmentally destructive projects, especially for oil, gas, mining, and dams.  ...   OCTOBER 8, 2012  -- The International Brotherhood of Teamsters signed onto the World Bank Bonds Boycott on October 3, at a meeting of its International Executive Board. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters, with 1.4 million members, is one of the largest labor unions in the world. The Teamsters join six other international unions that have adopted the boycott, including the American Postal Workers Union (APWU), the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), the American Federation of Government  Employees (AFGE), the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), the Communication Workers of America, and the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers (UE). In addition to these international unions, the Wisconsin State AFL-CIO, 7 central labor councils, and several UAW, AFSCME and Steelworker locals have adopted the boycott.
  • 2012 Oct AIPAC The United States on Oct. 25 rejected a U.N. report calling for the boycott of companies with commercial activities with Israelis living in the West Bank. The report to the U.N. General Assembly (UNGA) was issued by Richard Falk, the U.N. special rapporteur for the Palestinian territories. In the report, Falk recommends that U.N. member states and their citizens “boycott, divest and sanction” thirteen companies, including HP, Caterpillar and Volvo. In an official statement, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice described the calls from Falk as “irresponsible and unacceptable.” Rather than providing the UNGA with ways to advance peace between Palestinians and Israelis, Ambassador Rice expressed disappointment that Falk’s report instead “poison[ed] the environment for peace.”
  • 2012 Nov Pakistan Observer Nov 2, 2012  22 groups urge EU to boycott Israeli settlers products   ...  Ankara— a boycott would undercut their economic reason for staying there.  The Palestinians want to establish a state in the occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem and besieged Gaza and say settlements steal their own territory. About 311,000 Israeli settlers and 2.5 million Palestinians live in the occupied West Bank.  see BigCampaign Boycott Israeli goods
  • 2012 Nov SetYouFreeNews The leader of Britain's Conservative party, David Cameron, called himself a "Zionist" Tuesday as he slammed a British initiative for an academic boycott against Israel. Cameron, responding to questions at the annual luncheon of Conservative Friends of Israel, said the academic boycott was completely uncalled for, and that attacks against Israel often slid into anti-Semitism. "If by Zionist you mean that the Jews have the right to a homeland in Israel and the right to a country then I am a Zionist," the Tory leader said, adding that support for Israel is "in the DNA" of members of his party. He also justified construction of the separation fence, but expressed concern that it might torpedo a two-state solution.
  • 2012 Nov MonaBaker   Personal Statement: To fully understand the reasons for the growing campaign of boycott of Israeli institutions, as well as my own position, it helps to know something about the history of the conflict. You might like to consult some sources by renowned Israeli scholars, for example Ilan Pappe's The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestinians (Routledge, 2006), and Jewish activists, for example The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict, by Jews for Justice in the Middle East. See also the website of Uri Davis, renowned Israeli activist and author of numerous books on Israel.   To understand the nature of the horror to which the current boycott campaign is responding, please look at some of thephotographs recently taken by a chest doctor in Palestine (British doctors are currently campaigning to have the Israeli Medical Association expelled from the World Medical Association). Scroll down the page and ask yourself if any decent human being can possibly justify these atrocities or would wish to campaign against anyone trying to do something about them through non-violent means, even if they do not fully agree with some aspects of the boycott. You might also wish to read this report by Brian Johnston, a member of a group from Pittsburgh who visited Palestine in August 2007.   To understand the rationale for the boycott campaign, and access a set of links to various initiatives, click here.   To understand my own rationale concerning the distinction between institutions and individuals, click here.   If you are particularly interested in minorities such as Deaf children, click here for an example of what they are suffering in this context.
  • CorporateWatch
  • 2012 Dec Haaretz According to a new survey, more than a third of Israelis would leave the country if they could, citing economic opportunities as the main reason. Who are the wannabe leavers, and what can be done to induce them to stay?  











Sinclair Broadcasting Advertisers List data from BoycottSBG.com
Advertiser (click for website)Phone 1Phone 2Phone 3Email
**BlueHippo Funding 1-800-747-4260   info@bluehippo.com
**Gerber Life Insurance Co. 1-800-704-21801-800-332-3686  info@gerberlife.com
**Prudent Choice 1-800-209-11411-800-315-4603  advertising@prudentchoice.com
*General Mills (763) 764-7600612-540-7092  kirstie.foster@genmills.com
Applebee’s International, Inc. (913) 967-4000(913) 967-2718  webmaster@applebees.com
Arby's 1-800-487-2729   kgordon@ARBYS.COM
AZO Products - PolyMedica Corporation (781) 933-2020   webmaster@polymedica.com
Best Buy 1-888-BEST BUY612-292-4000612-291-1000 NewsCenter@bestbuy.com
Betty Crocker 1-800-446-1898   siri.marshall@genmills.com
Big Lots (614) 278-6800   Talk2US@BigLots.com
Blue Cross of NC 919-489-7431   bluepoints@bcbsnc.com
Brinker International (972) 980-9917    investor.relations@brinker.com
CDI College 866-569-2934   kim.greaves@cdicollege.com
Chaplin Papa & Gonet 804-643-0133804-285-7500804-276-5800 kim@cpglaw.com
Chili's Grill and Bar 800-983-4637   investor.relations@brinker.com
Circuit City 804-418-8298   curtis_george@circuitcity.com
CNS, Inc. /Breathe Right 1-952-229-1500   mmorfitt@cns.com
Cochran Law Firm 1 800 LAW-HELP   jcochran@cochranfirm.com
Colgate-Palmolive 212-310-2000800-468-6502  Allison_Klimerman@colpal.com
Concerned Patient Hotline 1-800-CPADVICE  
add
Consolidated Credit Counseling Services = April Lewis 9544843328x9344   alewis@consolidatedcredit.org
Corona     procermexlt@corona-extra.com
Covance Inc. 609-452-4440   info@covance.com
Discount Tire (888) 774-6560800-589-6789  consumeraffairs@discounttire.com
Dodge 1-800-992-1997   jhv2@daimlerchrysler.com
Domino's Pizza 734-930-3030   mcintyt@dominos.com
Dr Pepper/Seven Up Inc 800-527-7096   consumer_relations@dpsu.com
Dunkin' Donuts 781-961-4020   customerservice@adrus.com
Educate, Inc. (Sylvan) (410) 843-8000fx?410 843-6145  kevin.shaffer@educate-inc.com
Einstein PCS     domainadmin@airadigm.com
Elizabeth Arden Salon Holdings, Inc. 1-800-592-7336    eascsr@rdspas.com
ESL Federal Credit Union (800) 848-2265(585) 336-1000  intserv@esl.org
Fazoli's 1-859-268-1668   Patti.Briggs@fazolis.com
Florida Lottery 1-850-487-7727   asklott@flalottery.com
Ford Motor Company 800-392-3673   crcfmc@customersupportctr.com
FreeStyle Flash 510-749-5400   service@therasense.com
Geico 1-800-824-5404    contactmarketing@geico.com
Gillette Company 1-800-GILLETTE   michael_baratta@gillette.com
Glaxo Smith Kline 1 888 825 5249    csr.contact@gsk.com
GMC 1-800-462-8782   cac@gmc.com
Harrah's Casino 1-800-HARRAHS   investors@harrahs.com
Hyundai 800-826 CARSlocal dealer  resumes@hmmausa.com
Iams Pet Food (800) 675-3849   customer.service@iams.com
IDT 1-800-667-5401   pr@idt.com
Injury Helpline 1-800-560-5516  
add
Invention Submission Corporation 1-888-648-IDEA   licensing@intromark.com
ISC-Invention Submission Corp. 1-800-203-IDEA   media@inventhelp.com
ITT Tech (805) 520-7200   nbrown@ittesi.com
Jim Barkley Toyota 828-667-8888   sales@jimbarkleytoyota.com
Johnson & Johnson 1-800-355-3013   treynol3@ethus.jnj.com
Kao Brands 203-353-5100   monica.rowe@kaobrands.com
Kings Auto Mall 513-683-544018 car dealers  
add
LA Weight Loss Centers 1-800-526-SLIM   jjanthor@laweightloss.com
Liberty Medical 1-866-836-9935   webmaster@libertymedical.com
Liberty Medicare 1-800-225-1070  
add
Life Alert 800-815-5922  
add
LoChiatto's Restaurant 828-650-9797  
add
LoChiatto's Restaurant 828-650-9797  
add
Long John Silvers (502) 874-8200   yum.investor@yum.com
Lowes 1-800-445-6937   webeditor@lowes.com
Marks and Harrison 804-282-0999804-748-0999  lawyers@marksandharrison.com
Mattel, Inc. 310-252-2000   service@mattel.com
Medical Careers Institute 804-521-0400757-873-2423757-497-8400 webmaster@medical.edu
Meineke Car Care Centers 704-377-8855   web.comments@meineke.com
Menards - Tammy Polzine (715) 876-5911   feedback@menard-inc.com
Mile One Automotive 866-645-3663   info@mileone.com
Miller Brewing Co. 414-931-2000   gary.leibowitz@sabmiller.com
nationwide insurance 614 249-7111   custrel@nationwide.com
NetZero 1-888-349-0029   feedback@support.netzero.net
Nissan North America 310-771-3111   nnaconsumeraffairs@nissan-usa.com
Papa John's 1-502-261-7272t   john_leonard@papajohns.com
People PC Online 1-888-587-9669   member.services@peoplepc.com
Pfizer, Inc. (212) 573-2323fx: 212 5737851  ccfeedback@pfizer.com
Philips Inc (408) 532-3921   support@philips.com
Procter & Gamble 513-983-1100   pgcustsvc@custhelp.com
Progressive Auto Insurance 1-800-776-4737440-395-1076386-947-5158 webmaster@progressive.com
Prudent Choice health Care 1-800-314-7890   advertising@prudentchoice.com
Regis Corp. 952-947-7777   investorrelations@regiscorp.com
Rentway, Inc. 1-800-RENTWAY814-455-5378  mdawson@rentway.com
Safe Auto Insurance Company (614) 231-0200800-SAFE-AUTO  JamesP@safeauto.com
SC Johnson Scrubbing Bubbles 1-800-494-4855262-260-3709262-260-4402 consumerproducts@SCJ.com
Select Comfort Corp. 763-551-7000   hostmaster@selectcomfort.com
Skyland Automotive 828-667-5213   skylandauto@bellsouth.net
Sonic (405) 225-5000(816) 842-1500  sonicpr@sonicdrivein.com
Spherion 954 308-7600410-752-5244410- 752-8369 nicoledunn@spherion.com
Stone Street Capital 1-888-LUMP-SUM   info@stonestreet.com
Subaru - complete contact info 1-800-SUBARU3   soamail@sun.subaru1.com
Subway (203) 877-4281 (800) 888-4848  asksubway@subway.com
Taco Bell/Yum! Brnads Inc 502 874-25431-800-tacobell  Amy.Sherwood@Yum.Com
The Dick James Law Firm 800-988-9842   dick@dickjameslawfirm.com
The Lawyer's Group 800-677-2020   deborahh@lawyersgroup.com
The Wish Center Surgical Program 888-854-9474937-885-9474Weight Loss infooh@wishcenter.org
Time Domain Inc. 888-826-8378(Sinclair ownsequity stake) careers@timedomain.com
Time Warner Road Runner of Rochester 585-756-1608   brian.wirth@twcable.com
Toyota Consumer Relations 800-331-4331 #3   toyota_cares@toyota.com
Tri-Star Health Systems/HCA Mid-America 615-886-5000615-886-4902  cheryl.chubbs@hcahealthcare.com
TRIMSPA® 800-467-3041   carol@nutramerica.com
U.S. Cellular 773-399-8873   corporate@uscellular.com
United Financial Management Group, Inc. 1-800-567-2630  
add
Value City Department Stores Inc. (614) 471-4722    corpjobs@valuecity.com
Victoria's Secret 1.800.411.5116   service@victoriassecret.com
Volkswagen +49 (0) 5361 97Reinhold.Kopp@Corp/Gvt Relat reinhold.kopp@volkswagen.de
Wachovia Bank 800-922-4684   contact.community@wachovia.com
Wal Mart 1-800-925-6278479-273-4000  help@walmart.com
Wyeth Consumer Healthcare/ Advil (973) 660-6923   pr@wyeth.com

boycott list

Zionist Opposition


Occupy / Facebook Israel
  • Facebook /ilya.marshak
  • Facebook Campaign to Boycott Zionist Products
  • Facebook LeeHee Rothschild is a a pro-Palestinian Israeli activist who is a supporter of the Boycott Disinvestment and sanctions (BDS) campaign
  • Facebook TEVA pharmaceuticals, boycott Boycotting TEVA is done in 3 easy steps: 1) If you have a prescription at a pharmacy and the manufacturer (MFG) of your medication is TEVA, call the pharmacy and kindly ask it what other brands they carry in your generic medication (there are so many).   Teva manufactures 71 billion tablets a year in 77 production facilities around the world. Over 1.5 million Teva prescriptions are written each day in the US alone, 1,052 prescriptions per minute.
  • OccupyStreams, Occupy Israel
  • Facebook Boycott-Bordeaux   Boycott Bordeaux is primarily directed at boycotting the Rothschilds who live on and own the French Bordeaux estates, who are responsible for most wars on the planet, and conflict within occupied Palestine today, who are now aiming their guns at Iran
  • Facebook Boycott Israel
  • Occupy Israel Facebook
  • UStream Occupy Israel
  • Facebook Boycott Israel "American musician Cat Power has canceled her show in Israel, joining a list of artists shunning the country over its conflict with the Palestinians. Charlyn Marie Marshall, better known by her stage name Cat Power, was to perform in Tel Aviv on Sunday. ... she tweeted on Friday that due to “much confusion” she felt she could not play for her Israeli fans and that she felt “sick in her spirit.”"
  • Facebook Leehee Rothschild is a a pro-Palestinian Israeli activist who is a supporter of the Boycott Disinvestment and sanctions (BDS) campaign. She will describe her experiences of campaigning for a boycott from within Israel, and explain what we can do here in Scotland to help build the growing international campaign. Leehee Rothscild Leehee Rothschild, an Israeli political activist and conscientious objector, is speaking in Stirling at 7.30pm in the Lesser Albert on Monday 19th March. Leehee campaigns against t he separation wall and supports the boycott of Israeli goods (BDS – Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions). She has been active for over a decade in political and social struggles in Israel and the West Bank. Amongst other things she was involved in struggles for refugees and work migrants rights, public housing, as well as feminist and LGBTQ issues. Currently Leehee is close to graduating with a Bachelor’s degree with combined honours in Gender and Philosophy studies from Tel-Aviv University. Leehee has a personal blog goes under the heading of ‘Radical Blonde’. Her political writing has been published in Centre for Alternative Information, Mondoweiss, the Occupation Magazine and other magazines.
Pro-Israel Lobby in US Under Attack    and see UPI (  1% news, Sun Myung Moon) "Professor John Mearsheimer of the University of Chicago, author of "The Tragedy of Great Power Politics" and Professor Stephen Walt of Harvard's Kenney School, and author of "Taming American Power: The Global Response to U.S. Primacy," are leading figures American in academic life.   and Harvard  , "The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy".
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The article, which is already stirring furious debate in US academic and intellectual circles, also explores the historical role of the Lobby.

WASHINGTON - (UPI) - Two of America's top scholars have published a searing attack on the role and power of Washington's pro-Israel lobby in a British journal, warning that its "decisive" role in fomenting the Iraq war is now being repeated with the threat of action against Iran. And they say that the Lobby is so strong that they doubt their article would be accepted in any U.S.-based publication.

Professor John Mearsheimer of the University of Chicago, author of "The Tragedy of Great Power Politics" and Professor Stephen Walt of Harvard's Kenney School, and author of "Taming American Power: The Global Response to U.S. Primacy," are leading figures American in academic life.

They claim that the Israel lobby has distorted American policy and operates against American interests, that it has organized the funneling of more than $140 billion dollars to Israel and "has a stranglehold" on the U.S. Congress, and its ability to raise large campaign funds gives its vast influence over Republican and Democratic administrations, while its role in Washington think tanks on the Middle East dominates the policy debate.

And they say that the Lobby works ruthlessly to suppress questioning of its role, to blacken its critics and to crush serious debate about the wisdom of supporting Israel in U.S. public life.

"Silencing skeptics by organizing blacklists and boycotts -- or by suggesting that critics are anti-Semites -- violates the principle of open debate on which democracy depends," Walt and Mearsheimer write.

"The inability of Congress to conduct a genuine debate on these important issues paralyses the entire process of democratic deliberation. Israel's backers should be free to make their case and to challenge those who disagree with them, but efforts to stifle debate by intimidation must be roundly condemned," they add, in the 12,800-word article published in the latest issue of The London Review of Books.

The article focuses strongly on the role of the "neo-  1%s" within the Bush administration in driving the decision to launch the war on Iraq.

"The main driving force behind the war was a small band of neo-  1%s, many with ties to the Likud," Mearsheimer and Walt argue." Given the neo-  1%s' devotion to Israel, their obsession with Iraq, and their influence in the Bush administration, it isn't surprising that many Americans suspected that the war was designed to further Israeli interests."

"The neo-  1%s had been determined to topple Saddam even before Bush became president. They caused a stir early in 1998 by publishing two open letters to Clinton, calling for Saddam's removal from power. The signatories, many of whom had close ties to pro-Israel groups like JINSA (Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs) or WINEP (Washington Institute for Near Eastern Policy), and who included Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Douglas Feith, William Kristol, Bernard Lewis, Donald Rumsfeld, Richard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz, had little trouble persuading the Clinton administration to adopt the general goal of ousting Saddam. But they were unable to sell a war to achieve that objective. They were no more able to generate enthusiasm for invading Iraq in the early months of the Bush administration. They needed help to achieve their aim. That help arrived with 9/11. Specifically, the events of that day led Bush and Cheney to reverse course and become strong proponents of a preventive war," Walt and Mearsheimer write.

The article, which is already stirring furious debate in U.S. academic and intellectual circles, also explores the historical role of the Lobby.

"For the past several decades, and especially since the Six-Day War in 1967, the centerpiece of US Middle Eastern policy has been its relationship with Israel," the article says.

"The combination of unwavering support for Israel and the related effort to spread 'democracy' throughout the region has inflamed Arab and Islamic opinion and jeopardized not only U.S. security but that of much of the rest of the world. This situation has no equal in American political history. Why has the U.S. been willing to set aside its own security and that of many of its allies in order to advance the interests of another state?" Professors Walt and Mearsheimer add.

"The thrust of U.S. policy in the region derives almost entirely from domestic politics, and especially the activities of the 'Israel Lobby'. Other special-interest groups have managed to skew foreign policy, but no lobby has managed to divert it as far from what the national interest would suggest, while simultaneously convincing Americans that U.S. interests and those of the other country - in this case, Israel -- are essentially identical," they add.

They argue that far from being a strategic asset to the United States, Israel "is becoming a strategic burden" and "does not behave like a loyal ally." They also suggest that Israel is also now "a liability in the war on terror and the broader effort to deal with rogue states.

"Saying that Israel and the U.S. are united by a shared terrorist threat has the causal relationship backwards: the US has a terrorism problem in good part because it is so closely allied with Israel, not the other way around," they add. "Support for Israel is not the only source of anti-American terrorism, but it is an important one, and it makes winning the war on terror more difficult. There is no question that many al-Qaeda leaders, including Osama bin Laden, are motivated by Israel's presence in Jerusalem and the plight of the Palestinians. Unconditional support for Israel makes it easier for extremists to rally popular support and to attract recruits."

They question the argument that Israel deserves support as the only democracy in the Middle East, claiming that "some aspects of Israeli democracy are at odds with core American values. Unlike the US, where people are supposed to enjoy equal rights irrespective of race, religion or ethnicity, Israel was explicitly founded as a Jewish state and citizenship is based on the principle of blood kinship. Given this, it is not surprising that its 1.3 million Arabs are treated as second-class citizens."

The most powerful force in the Lobby is AIPAC, the American-Israel Public affairs Committee, which Walt and Mearsheimer call "a de facto agent for a foreign government," and which they say has now forged an important alliance with evangelical Christian groups.

The bulk of the article is a detailed analysis of the way they claim the Lobby managed to change the Bush administration's policy from "halting Israel's expansionist policies in the Occupied Territories and advocating the creation of a Palestinian state" and divert it to the war on Iraq instead. They write "Pressure from Israel and the Lobby was not the only factor behind the decision to attack Iraq in March 2003, but it was critical."

"Thanks to the lobby, the United States has become the de facto enabler of Israeli expansion in the Occupied Territories, making it complicit in the crimes perpetrated against the Palestinians," and conclude that "Israel itself would probably be better off if the Lobby were less powerful and U.S. policy more even-handed."

© Copyright 2006 United Press International

 

 

 
 
Jews Against Zionism list, from DoubleStandards website


Shalom and Welcome to the Jewish Peace Fellowship - http://www.jewishpeacefellowship.org
Founded by Rabbis in 1941. Supports conscientious objectors.
Tikkun Magazine
 - http://www.tikkun.org/
Pacifist voices of conscience and reason, edited by Rabbi Michael Lerner in San Francisco.
Yesh Gvul
 - http://www.yesh-gvul.org/english.html
The movement for soldiers of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) refusing to serve in the Occupied Territories.
Gush Shalom
 - http://www.gush-shalom.org/english/index.html
The website of the prominent Israeli peace movement features thought-provoking articles by its dissident director, Uri Avnery.
PEACE NOW!
 - http://www.peacenow.org.il/English.asp
Israeli pacifists for Palestinian self-determination within 1967 borders.
  Not In My Name: Taking Action for a Just Peace in Israel and Palestine - http://www.nimn.org
NIMN, based on their belief in Judaism, oppose "Israeli Government brutality against Palestinians".
  Junity - Jewish Unity for a Just Peace - http://www.junity.org/
Jewish peace groups which agree on ending abuses of Palestinian human rights and Israel's self-destructive settlement policy.
  B'tselem - http://www.btselem.org/English/Publications/index.asp
The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, reports on Israeli abuses such as torture, shootings, home demolitions, and settler violence.
  Jewish Voice For Peace (SF Bay Area) - http://www.jewishvoiceforpeace.org/
This SF Bay Area grassroots organization is dedicated to the rights of Jews, Palestinians, and all peoples in the Middle East. They believe conflict won't end until Israel removes settlements. Site includes petition, listserver, resources, media.
  Why do they hate US? by Stephen Shalom - http://www.zmag.org/shalomhate.htm
Time-line of US interventions in the Middle East from 1948.
  Open Tent Middle East Coalition - http://www.opentent.org
Arab and Jewish groups of mutual goodwill. California-based.
  The 94 Percent Solution: A Matrix of Control (Middle East Report) - http://www.merip.org/mer/mer216/216_halper.html
Jeff Halper, director of the Campaign Against House Demolitions, explains how the chicanery of apartheid chokes off Palestinian life in myriad ways.
  oznik.com: news headlines - http://oznik.com
A small I/P resistance news-service publishes reports from Palestine under IDF occupation, with the motto "We are all Palestinian Refugees".
  Building Settlements, Killing Peace (Antiwar.com) - http://www.antiwar.com/hacohen/h052601.html
Ran HaCohen writes "The Settlements are the Occupation" and "The Fallacy Industry".
  Jews NOT Zionists - Torah-true Jews against Zionism - http://www.jewsnotzionists.org/
"Any form of Zionism is heresy from the Torah viewpoint and the so-called 'State of Israel' is illegitimate". Menu includes links and quotes to Anti-Zionist Jewish organizations and statements, and the wisdom of Judaism on the Middle East Quandary.
  Australian Jewish Democratic Society - http://www.ajds.org.au/
"Committed to Peace and Social Justice, Reconciliation between Nations and Peoples, and Nuclear Disarmament". Contents include News, Mid East Conflict, Library, Peace Links, Readers' Forum, Newsletters, and Activities.
  Tom Segev's "One Palestine, Complete" Book Review - http://www.salon.com/books/int/2001/12/08/palestine/
Segev wrote in "One Palestine, Complete" how the British Mandate favored Zionism. In this interview he sees an evolution of Israeli willingness to accept responsibility for the Palestinian tragedy.
  Noam Chomsky Lecture at MIT on Mideast Crises, Dec 14, 2000 - http://www.media.mit.edu/~nitin/mideast/chomsky_lecture.html
One of America's most brilliant intellectuals portrays two rogue states against the world - the US and Israel.
  "Israel Isn't David . . . It's Goliath" - http://www.progressive.org/mr0701.html
Matthew Rothschild of The Progressive magazine interviews Irena Klepfisz of The Jewish Women's Committee to End the Occupation
  Right livelihood awards - http://www.rightlivelihood.se/recip1987_5.html
Israeli scientist Mordechai Vanunu, kidnapped by Mossad abroad and life-sentenced to solitary confinement for revealing that Israel has nuclear warheads, is commemorated here for his courage and sacrifice.
  Matzpun = Hebrew for Conscience - http://www.matzpun.com
"The authors of this appeal are Jews whose families have been victims of racism and genocide, and who feel they cannot remain silent." They appeal to the world to boycott Israeli goods and leisure travel.
  Taayush - http://minerva.tau.ac.il/~alon/taayush.html
Food convoys to the territories, articles.
  Neturei Karta - http://www.netureikarta.org/
Orthodox Jews who condemn Zionism and the brutal treatment of the Palestinians as a heresy and violation of the Torah.
  Zionism in the Age of the Dictators, by Lenni Brenner. - http://www.marxists.de/middleast/brenner/index.htm
Full-length, on-line history book with details of political infighting, including how and why Zionists fostered Hitler as a "godsend" to force the creation of the Jewish state, whatever the cost. Bibliography.
  Writings of Israel Shamir - http://www.israelshamir.net/
Apartheid dissolves in this brilliant journalist's lyric vitriol. His articles, bio and links to friends and adversaries are found on his page.
  Press Freedom Heroes: Amira Hass (Haaretz) - http://www.freemedia.at/IPIReport2.00/22Hass.htm
This dissident Israeli journalist reports from the Gaza Strip and Ramallah, where she has taken up residence.
  SF Jewish Film Festival - Al-Nakba - http://www.sfjff.org/sfjff18/programs/p0722b.html
The Palestinian Catastrophe 1948, a documentary.
  Nathan Weinstock: Zionism - False Messiah - http://www.marxists.de/middleast/weinstock/index.htm
This on-line book continues the analytical tradition of Karl Marx' anti-nationalist and anti-colonialist view of The Jewish Question.
  Closure and Apartheid: Seven Years of "Peace" through Separation, by Allegra Pacheco - http://www.library.cornell.edu/colldev/mideast/pachec1.htm
Allegra Pacheco, an Israeli human rights attorney, noted for prosecuting the first Israeli torture trial, describes how the closure of the West Bank and Gaza since 1993 is in violation of international law, and an extreme hardship for the people.
  MidEastFacts Select author index - http://www.mideastfacts.com/index_author.html
Articles by over 100 prominent anti-Zionist authors, of whom about one-third are Israeli.
  Securing Occupation: The Real Meaning of The Wye Memorandum - http://www.normanfinkelstein.com/id66.htm
Norman Finkelstein, author of "The Holocaust Industry", analyzes how Israel expels the indigenous population in defiance of the UN.
  Israel Shamir Archive - http://shamir.mediamonitors.net/index.html
Palestine is not a dead object, she is a living country. Palestinians are her soul.
  Jewish Opposition to Zionism - http://codoh.com/zionweb/ziondark/zionoppdex.html
Historical documents showing persistent Jewish support for pluralistic democracy rather than segregation.
  Rodfei Shalom - Jewish Peacemakers Delegation to Israel/Palestine - http://www.geocities.com/jewishpeacemakers/index.html
"Olive Tree Summer 2001" was a delegation of Jews from North America and the world to Israel / Palestine to participate in nonviolent protest.
  Jewish Bulletin: Israeli who protects Palestinians from IDF's bullets speaks here (November 09, 2001) - http://www.jewishsf.com/bk011109/eb20.shtml
Liad Kantorowicz, 23-year-old Israeli-American activist, says Israelis feel victimized while they are the ones victimizing Palestinians, and works against apartheid to make Israel a better place to be from.
  Palestine: What Americans need to Know -- but probably won't be told -- to Understand Palestinian Rage - http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/palestine/eduardoCohen.html
Eduardo Cohen of KPFA sees the depth of Israeli racism and repression in Palestine, and of incomprehension and censorship on the subject when he returns.
  Felicia Langer - A portrait. Al Ahram Weekly - http://www.ahram.org.eg/weekly/1998/402/pal2.htm
Ostracised and repeatedly threatened with death at the hands of her own people, lawyer Felicia Langer has not flinched since she adopted the Palestinian cause.
  Build Palestinian Confidence in What? (IHT) - http://www.iht.com/articles/26300.htm
Henry Siegman of the Foreign Relations Council, former executive of the American Jewish Congress, points out that Israel has not offered peace, but only continued occupation.
  A Spokesman For Justice: A Tribute to Rabbi Elmer Berger - http://www.washington-report.org/Washington-Report_org/www/backissues/1096/9610012.htm
by Grace Halsell. Founder of American Jewish Alternatives to Zionism (AJAZ), believer in core values of Judaism and democracy which Zionism tramples on.
  Jeff Halper: Simply look at the maps - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/JewishPeaceNews/message/400
Israeli anthropology professor shows how Barak's "best offer" makes geographical shreds of Palestine.
  Like Father, Like Son: A Tribute to Moshe and Yehudi Menuhin, by Grace Halsell - http://www.washington-report.org/Washington-Report_org/www/backissues/0796/9607018.htm
"Jews should be Jews, not Nazis" - Moshe Menuhin on Israeli oppression of Palestinians.
  The Jews Are Not A Race! - http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Senate/7891/notrace.html
Alfred Lilienthal debunks the Hebrew descent of European converts to Judaism.
  Benjamin Freedman - A Jewish Defector Warns America - http://www.themodernreligion.com/jihad/freedman.html
The famous 1961 speech by this New York businessman exposes "Zionist control of the US Government," including the plot to push the US into WWI in order to annex Palestine, thereby sowing seeds of Nazism and Communism.
  Palestine Media Watch - http://www.pmwatch.org/pmw/links/jewishorganizations.html
List of Pro-Palestinian Rights Jewish Organizations.
  Gideon Levy: Like the old days in South Africa - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/JewishPeaceNews/message/773
Raymond Louw, editor who fought apartheid in South Africa, finds Israel even worse, because it aims at expelling the indigenous oppressed.
  "The Second half of 48" - The Sharon-Ya'alon Plan (by Tanya Reinhart) - http://www.mediamonitors.net/tanya8.html
How Alon became Ya'alon - Oslo as a tool to "finish the job" of liquidating the people of Palestine.
  Albert Einstein and Martin Buber Quotes - http://www.aai-us.org/main.html
Einstein: "I should much rather see reasonable agreement with the Arabs on the basis of living together in peace than the creation of a Jewish State." Buber: "our murderous sickness of causeless hatred is bound to bring complete ruin upon us. Only then will our land realize how great was our responsibility to those Arab refugees in whose towns we settled."
  Amy and the Jews - http://courant.ctnow.com/news/special/ne/amy_0715.stm
Amy Pagnozzi, the Hartford Courant's spunky columnist, plunges into a media firefight.
  WRMEA: If All Rabbis Were Like Arik Ascherman, Middle East Peace Would Be Attainable - http://www.wrmea.com/archives/october01/0110015.html
Rabbi Ascherman of Rabbis for Human Rights actively protests the demolition of Palestinian homes, and admits the right of return of refugees to a secular democratic state.
  An Unconditional Withdrawal from the Territories is Urgently Needed (lemonde/zmag) - http://www.zmag.org/content/Mideast/ayalonwithdr.cfm
Ami Ayalon, chief of Israeli security Shin Bet 1996-2000 , places blame for violence on Israel and calls for withdrawal and acceptance of a contiguous Palestinian state.
  Jews Speak Out Against the Occupation - http://www.cam.org/~rsilver/jewspeakout.htm
Pacifist, dissident Montreal organization's call on Jews to stand up and demand an end to war and apartheid, with list of signers.
  The Bible Unearthed (rense.com) - http://www.rense.com/general18/bible.htm
Larry Saltzman, a horticulturalist, actively opposed the occupation upon Israel's wanton destruction of orchards. He reports on a new archaelogical consensus that undermines Zionism: ancient Israel was Canaanite, not Hebrew.
  Muhammad's Killer - http://www.mediamonitors.net/netagolan1.html
Chatting with a stranger, activist Neta Golan discovers the young soldier who gunned down her young Arab friend in cold blood.
  In Memoriam, Israel Shahak. Obituary by Norton Mezvinsky (WRMEA) - http://www.wrmea.com/archives/october01/0110071.html
Eulogizes a man of courage and conviction, born in a Polish ghetto, died in Jerusalem, who blazed a scholarly trail with radical writings on the reactionary character of Zionism and Talmudic Judaism.
  Interviews in Occupied Territory. - http://www.occupied.org
Mainly audio - video dialogue around demolished houses in Hebron.
  With Jews Like These... - http://masada2000.org/selfhate.html
Denouncing Jews who are active in the peace movement, or who question Israel's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, as self-hating enemies of the state.
  Siege of the Innocent by Rachelle Marshall - http://www.koutayba.com/palestine/siege.html
A Jewish home in Palestine built upon bayonets and oppression is not worth having. Rabbi Judah Magnes, letter to Chaim Weizmann, 1929.
  Independent News: British Jews at odds after rabbi criticises Israel - http://news.independent.co.uk/world/middle_east/story.jsp?story=101898
A prominent liberal, Rabbi Dr David Goldberg, provoked consternation by describing Israel as the "last colonial power in the world" and "a golden calf."
  South African Jews Polarized Over Israel (washingtonpost.com) - http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A63012-2001Dec18.html
Anti-Racism Leaders Equate Country's Treatment of Palestinians to Apartheid.
  Yahoo Groups : JewishPeaceNews - http://www.egroups.com/group/JewishPeaceNews
This public news list on the Middle East Conflict and US intervention posts current news and comment pieces, moderated by pro-Palestine American Jews.
  Victor Ostrovsky [broken link] - http://www2.southwind.net/~amfirst/ostrovsk.htm
A former Mossad spy talks about Israel's behind the scenes influence on the U. S.
  On the Palestinian Right of Return - http://tari.org/marc_Ellis.htm
This Essay by Marc Ellis is "A Jewish Meditation on History, Rights and Return".
  Yahoo! Groups : al-awda-unity - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/al-awda-unity
Jewish activism for Middle East justice.
  Ariga: from the Intersection of Three Continents since 1995 - http://ariga.com
Israeli e-zine linking to Human Rights Groups, Rabin's Last Speech, historic documents, Jewish-Arab Dialogue, Non-supremacist Religious Zionism, News from Ha'aretz, Dukium - the Negev Coexistence Forum, Shalom/Salaam/Welcome Peace Links, Magazines Supporting Peace, Stop the 911 War.
  Jews against the Occupation - New York City - http://www.angelcities.com/members/jato
Activism, events, resources, discussion board.

 

  PROGRESSIVE  ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALIST 

 

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  •   Los Angeles Times  Speaking frankly about Israel and Palestine  Jimmy Carter says his recent book is drawing knee-jerk accusations of anti-Israel bias.  By Jimmy Carter, JIMMY CARTER was the 39th president of the United States. His newest book is "Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid," published last month. He is scheduled to sign books Monday at Vroman's in Pasadena.  December 8, 2006

    "I SIGNED A CONTRACT with Simon & Schuster two years ago to write a book about the Middle East, based on my personal observations as the Carter Center monitored three elections in Palestine and on my consultations with Israeli political leaders and peace activists.

    We covered every Palestinian community in 1996, 2005 and 2006, when Yasser Arafat and later Mahmoud Abbas were elected president and members of parliament were chosen. The elections were almost flawless, and turnout was very high - except in East Jerusalem, where, under severe Israeli restraints, only about 2% of registered voters managed to cast ballots.

    The many controversial issues concerning Palestine and the path to peace for Israel are intensely debated among Israelis and throughout other nations - but not in the United States. For the last 30 years, I have witnessed and experienced the severe restraints on any free and balanced discussion of the facts. This reluctance to criticize any policies of the Israeli government is because of the extraordinary lobbying efforts of the American-Israel Political Action Committee and the absence of any significant contrary voices.

    It would be almost politically suicidal for members of Congress to espouse a balanced position between Israel and Palestine, to suggest that Israel comply with international law or to speak in defense of justice or human rights for Palestinians. Very few would ever deign to visit the Palestinian cities of Ramallah, Nablus, Hebron, Gaza City or even Bethlehem and talk to the beleaguered residents. What is even more difficult to comprehend is why the editorial pages of the major newspapers and magazines in the United States exercise similar self-restraint, quite contrary to private assessments expressed quite forcefully by their correspondents in the Holy Land.

    With some degree of reluctance and some uncertainty about the reception my book would receive, I used maps, text and documents to describe the situation accurately and to analyze the only possible path to peace: Israelis and Palestinians living side by side within their own internationally recognized boundaries. These options are consistent with key U.N. resolutions supported by the U.S. and Israel, official American policy since 1967, agreements consummated by Israeli leaders and their governments in 1978 and 1993 (for which they earned Nobel Peace Prizes), the Arab League's offer to recognize Israel in 2002 and the International Quartet's "Roadmap for Peace," which has been accepted by the PLO and largely rejected by Israel.

    The book is devoted to circumstances and events in Palestine and not in Israel, where democracy prevails and citizens live together and are legally guaranteed equal status.

    Although I have spent only a week or so on a book tour so far, it is already possible to judge public and media reaction. Sales are brisk, and I have had interesting interviews on TV, including "Larry King Live," "Hardball," "Meet the Press," "The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer," the "Charlie Rose" show, C-SPAN and others. But I have seen few news stories in major newspapers about what I have written.

    Book reviews in the mainstream media have been written mostly by representatives of Jewish organizations who would be unlikely to visit the occupied territories, and their primary criticism is that the book is anti-Israel. Two members of Congress have been publicly critical. Incoming House Speaker Nancy Pelosi for instance, issued a statement (before the book was published) saying that "he does not speak for the Democratic Party on Israel." Some reviews posted on Amazon.com call me "anti-Semitic," and others accuse the book of "lies" and "distortions." A former Carter Center fellow has taken issue with it, and Alan Dershowitz called the book's title "indecent."

    Out in the real world, however, the response has been overwhelmingly positive. I've signed books in five stores, with more than 1,000 buyers at each site. I've had one negative remark - that I should be tried for treason - and one caller on C-SPAN said that I was an anti-Semite. My most troubling experience has been the rejection of my offers to speak, for free, about the book on university campuses with high Jewish enrollment and to answer questions from students and professors. I have been most encouraged by prominent Jewish citizens and members of Congress who have thanked me privately for presenting the facts and some new ideas.

    The book describes the abominable oppression and persecution in the occupied Palestinian territories, with a rigid system of required passes and strict segregation between Palestine's citizens and Jewish settlers in the West Bank. An enormous imprisonment wall is now under construction, snaking through what is left of Palestine to encompass more and more land for Israeli settlers. In many ways, this is more oppressive than what blacks lived under in South Africa during apartheid. I have made it clear that the motivation is not racism but the desire of a minority of Israelis to confiscate and colonize choice sites in Palestine, and then to forcefully suppress any objections from the displaced citizens. Obviously, I condemn any acts of terrorism or violence against innocent civilians, and I present information about the terrible casualties on both sides.

    The ultimate purpose of my book is to present facts about the Middle East that are largely unknown in America, to precipitate discussion and to help restart peace talks (now absent for six years) that can lead to permanent peace for Israel and its neighbors. Another hope is that Jews and other Americans who share this same goal might be motivated to express their views, even publicly, and perhaps in concert. I would be glad to help with that effort."

  •  

 

Jewish National Fund from Semitism.net  on 
One curious fact about Israel is that only seven percent of the land is privately owned. Eighty percent is under government ownership, and the remaining thirteen percent belongs to an entity called Keren Kayemet le-Israel (in English, the Jewish National Fund or JNF).

To get a sense of how important the JNF is, however, consider this: the thirteen percent of land it owns houses seventy percent of the Israeli population.

The history of the Jewish National Fund is, in a sense, the history of modern Zionism. The fund was initiated in 1901 at the Fifth Zionist Congress. It was the "bank account" to which Jews worldwide contributed, whose proceeds went to purchase land in Palestine with the aim of founding a Jewish state there.

In the U.S., the JNF was rather like the Jewish March of Dimes. As told on the organization's web site,

At the start of the 1920s, the world Jewish population numbered some 15 million people, scattered throughout 76 different countries. JNF reached out to every Jewish community, regardless of size or distance... JNF's Blue Box stood in hundreds of thousands of Jewish homes, schools, synagogues, public buildings and businesses. JNF made it possible for every Jew--whether man, woman or child--to become a partner in the Zionist enterprise and be personally involved in the development of the land.

By 1928, the Jewish National Fund had acquired 50,000 acres and founded 50 Jewish communities

Its holdings increased greatly when Israel became a nation. The Forward discreetly reports that "some 60% of the fund's 550,000 acres was purchased from the government in a special deal soon after the 1948 War of Independence."

Israeli peace activist Uri Avneri is more direct. It is now well-documented that the Irgun (the pre-national Jewish militia, of which Avnery is a veteran) took advantage of the chaos of war to drive about 700,000 Arabs off their lands.

When the United Nations resolved in November 1947 to partition the country between a Jewish and an Arab State, less than 7% of the land belonged to Jews. Only a part of this area belonged to the KKL (Keren Kayemet le-Israel - the JNF), the rest to private Jewish owners in the towns and the agricultural colonies.

Logic would have dictated that with the founding of the State of Israel, the KKL transfer its lands to the State. After all, that was the idea of collecting the money.

But this did not happen. In fact, the very opposite took place: the new state transferred to the KKL millions of dunams of land expropriated from Arabs - the refugees who were not allowed to return ("absentees" in legal language), those who had remained in the country but were absent on a given day from their villages ("present absentees"), as well as Arabs who became citizens of Israel.

In 1960, the Israel Lands Administration was established to administer the 93% of land that is in the public domain - that is, either state-owned or Jewish National Fund-owned. The founding covenant between the Jewish National Fund and the State declares:

The Government of Israel and Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael have resolved to end the duplication resulting from the administration of their lands by different agencies, to concentrate the administration, conservation and care of these lands in the hands of the State and to strengthen the hands of Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael in fulfilling its mission of redeeming land from desolation.

In order to maintain control over the disposition of the property, the Israel Lands Administration offers it to Jewish citizens on long-term lease, but not for purchase.

Nowhere in the covenant does it state that the land is to be leased only to Jews. However, as Bernard Avishai explained in January's Harper's,

Few outside observers have been able to penetrate the Lands Administration's convoluted leasing arrangements with Jewish Agency mortgage companies, or with preferred contractors... Yet nobody doubts that when any new housing developments are completed, only people with "Jewish nationality" need apply.

Now, in what is being hailed by some as a landmark decision, Israel's Attorney General Menachem Mazuz has announced that "all land managed by the Israel Lands Administration, including land owned by the Jewish National Fund, will be marketed without discrimination or limits including to non-Jews."

New York's Jewish Week gives the background for Mazuz's decision:

Mazuz’s comment was prompted by petitions to Israel’s High Court of Justice from four human rights groups objecting to the decision by the Israel Lands Authority, a government body, to restrict the marketing of Jewish National Fund land to Jews.

The ILA acted after marketing leases last year on 43 plots in the primarily Jewish neighborhood of Karmiel. Six of the 17 families that won plots were Israeli Arabs.

But Jewish residents of the area objected, and the ILA froze the transaction. It cited a 1968 contract between the state and Jewish National Fund whereby Jewish National Fund-owned land would be sold only to Jewish citizens of Israel.

When the land was offered again for lease in September, the ILA said Israeli Arabs could not apply.

As noted, the ILA has never had a legal mandate to lease exclusively to Jews. It has maintained this exclusivity through procedural and bureaucratic measures. The Jewish National Fund - which, recall, owns the majority of habitable land in Israel - has no such compunction. The Fund's position, quoted in Jewish Week, is that "selling and/or leasing land to Arabs would be a violation of the covenant established between Jewish National Fund and diaspora Jews who paid for the land" This argument conveniently ignores the Arab land transferred to the Jewish National Fund by the State after the 1948 war.

Haaretz confirms that the Attorney General's decision was meant to head off a High Court ruling that might have eliminated sole Jewish proprietorship of Jewish National Fund holdings:

The revolutionary decision followed a discussion held in Mazuz's office attended by senior members of the state prosecutor's office and the legal advisers to the Jewish National Fund and the ILA. The ruling was made in preparation for the state's response to High Court petitions filed on the matter.

The state prosecutor's office believes it will not be able to defend before the High Court the policy of allocating JNF land to Jews only.

Faced with intervention by the Court, Mazuz is actually acting to protect the Jewish National Fund, not to challenge it. Haaretz quotes him thus:

In order to preserve the original designated purpose of the JNF, which is formally defined as an organization working "on behalf of the Jewish nation," and in the name of the interests of the Diaspora Jews, it was decided that if any ILA tender for land owned by the JNF is won by a non-Jewish citizen, the ILA will transfer alternative land to the JNF.

In other words, if the State leases JNF land to an Arab, it will transfer an equivalent parcel of state-owned land to the JNF's holdings. What is "equivalent"? From Jewish Week:

Raanan Gissin, a spokesman for Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, said the government was considering a proposal to have Jewish National Fund and the Israel Lands Authority swap land "acre for acre..."

But a JNF spokeswoman in New York, Sarina Roffe, said her organization... would insist on a dollar-for-dollar swap, meaning that JNF would get considerably more land than it would be relinquishing.

It is interesting to compare the de facto policy of ethnic separation in Israel, which is just starting to come under fire, with the evolution of race relations in the United States. Researcher Wendy Plotkin has an excellent site on the history of racial and religious covenants in the U.S. and Canada.

In the 1930's it was common for residents of white urban neighborhoods to enforce racial housing covenants, restricting the sale of property to negroes in "white areas". This led to the creation of racially segregated neighborhoods in northern cities such as Boston, New York and Chicago, and in Washington, DC. Among the results were elevated racial tension, fear and violence.

Plotkin cites a 1948 paper by Robert C. Weaver of the American Council on Race Relations.

As long as a group is relegated and confined to a physically undesirable area (as any overcrowded neighborhood inevitably becomes), its occupants are all lumped together in the minds of most people. A curious train of reasoning is initiated: the occupants of such an area are all believed to be undesirable (as indeed some are, largely because of their bad housing), and then their perpetual and universal banishment to the ghetto is defended on the basis of the imputed 'racial' characteristics. Since there is little intergroup contact on the basis of normal activity, such attitudes grow stronger, and segregation gains positive acceptance. Any proposal to break down the segregated pattern is automatically opposed.

The same vicious circle seems to me to be at work in Israel. The more we separate ourselves from the Arabs, the less well we understand them. Relationships are replaced with stereotypes. The anger and violence that result from discrimination and its effects come to be seen as part of the "Arab character". These assumptions make it seem inconceivable that Arabs and Jews could co-exist peacefully.

From Bernard Avishai:

This is where the demographic argument gets you... You say Jews and Arabs must be separated because even if Israel's Arab citizens will make the most of what liberties Israel gives them, they could not possibly want to be absorbed into Israel. And after all of this, you suppose yourself a democracy because you represent the general will of the "Jewish majority." But is the choice really apartheid or binationalism?

People who put things this way, presumably to maintain Zionist momentum, have actually lost touch with what Zionism was mostly about at its inception, the power and grace of Hebrew culture. They underestimate the capacity of Israel's cities to absorb new generations, including Arab citizens and foreign workers, to something both fully democratic and patently Jewish...

Israel's real challenge in the coming generation is not only to get back into a peace process, but to shore this up with a democratic revolution in civil rights; that is, to get Israeli Jews to "recognize Israel" (as a potentially inclusive, democratic state).

Wrapped up in the arcane issues of land use and civil rights are the whole histories of the Israeli and Palestinians peoples. Challenging the exclusivity of the Jewish National Fund raises questions like whether a Jewish state was justified in 1948; whether it is justified now; and whether the Palestinian "absentees" have a claim to the land from which they were displaced, i.e., in one form or another, a right of return. These are issues that will need to be addressed by both leaders and populace if the cease-fire is going to proceed to actual peace. Tuesday's summit meeting was a small step on a long road.

Inherent in the Zionist enterprise is a conflict between ethnic separatism and democratic inclusivity. Israel has more or less finessed this question for fifty-odd years. I suspect that now, as in the American Civil Rights Movement, it will be non-violent activism by a minority that forces Israel to confront the contradiction; that the body politic will be paralyzed; and the courts will play a critical role in resolving the conflict in a way that could change Israeli society quite profoundly.

 

Palestine California
Secretary Rice might want to consider meeting Arab and Muslim lobbies in Washington along with AIPAC, especially as Muslims and Arabs are the majority in the Middle East.  By Bouthaina Shaaban

Listening to Secretary Rice addressing the Senates’ Committee on International Affairs and reading the recently published American plan for a decade of conflict with Islam, raise alarming concern. The image of the Middle East presented in both is quite vague and stands at stark contradiction with the region’s public will and aspirations.

Secretary Rice described Iran as “the greatest strategic challenge” facing the United States in the Region. This is because Iran uses policies that “contradict the nature of the kind of Middle East sought by the United States.”

Unsettling questions ensue: What is the nature of the kind of Middle East sought by the United States? Should Middle Eastern states adapt themselves to that nature designed oceans away? Or should the United States consult with their people about their own preferences on such nature, instead of following the lead of self-serving political lobbies in Washington?

Secretary Rice then talks about “Hizbollah in Syria and Lebanon.” She might have not been briefed that Hizbollah is a LEBANESE political party. Then she talks about Syrian-Iranian relations as if they started only yesterday. It seems that she has not been briefed either that Syrian-Iranian relations have been consistent and continuous for the last three decades. That is quite some time before the United States severed its support to Saddam Hussein, realizing that he was a security threat to the region. A realization that dawned on both Iran and Syria twenty years before.

The Secretary of State generously stretches a hand of help and support to the future aspirations of people in the region. The question is, however, how in-depth were her briefings on Syria, Iran, Hizbollah, and the Arab-Israeli conflict? The people of the region’s dearest hope is to prevent an Iraq-like catastrophe from happening again. They don’t see in the Iraqi model a road to democracy, security or peace.

The more Secretary Rice talks about the region and its people, the more alienated from the United State the people here feel. American official statements and plans do not seem to concern themselves with the thoughts and feelings of the people in the region. What freedom could be achieved for the Palestinians with the separation walls constructed by the Israelis? The Palestinians are now trapped between two walls; one in the East severing the Jordanian valley from the West Bank, and one in the west separating the West Bank from Israel. The Palestinians now cannot go anywhere unless they pass through Israeli security barricades.

One can only wonder if Secretary Rice knows that the agriculture dependent Palestinian economy will by loosing most of its fertile lands in the Jordanian valley. She might not know either about displacing Palestinians, cutting their olive trees, killing them, and depriving them of their most basic human rights. She might have not been informed that what we need in the Middle East is international justice based on international laws and agreements.

Under the banner of crusading for freedom and democracy in the Middle East, Secretary Rice remains silent about the Pentagon’s reaction to the newly released torture photos: “There is no need for new controversy over some old photos.” Under the same banner, the European Union sees no harm in the provocative cartoons on Prophet Mohammad.

In the meanwhile, the United States propagates for a long-term plan for conflict with Muslims. The plan designates no countries, cultures, history or human beings. It is war against some unidentifiable mass entity, where the only visible landmarks are vital ports and strategic natural resources. A plan of a dim future for humanity, while the gap between the East and West gets wider by the day.

Secretary Rice said that “the people of the Middle East and Latin America should be able to select their leaders.” Indeed they should be. American policies in both regions, however, are the main insurmountable obstacles. Therefore, the day people in both regions will have a say in their futures might be the day when the United States will have lost all their faith.

Secretary Rice might want to consider meeting Arab and Muslim lobbies in Washington along with AIPAC, especially as Muslims and Arabs are the majority in the Middle East. This might broaden her vision of the Middle East and give depth to her understanding of the issues. Taking matters of trust into consideration, she might want to start with the International Council of Churches in Washington. On February 8th, 2006, the Council sent a letter to Secretary Rice inviting her to explore their point of view about suffering and politics in the Middle East. I hope she accepts the invitation.

-Dr. Bouthaina Shaaban is Minister of Expatriates in Syria, and writer and professor at Damascus University since 1985. (Copy Rights © Asharq Alawsat, February 23, 2006

Israel hopes to colonize parts of Iraq as "Greater Israel"
January 28, 2008 -- Israel hopes to colonize parts of Iraq as "Greater Israel"

Israeli expansionists, their intentions to take full control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and permanently keep the Golan Heights of Syria and expand into southern Lebanon already well known, also have their eyes on parts of Iraq considered part of a biblical "Greater Israel."

Israel reportedly has plans to re-locate thousands of Kurdish Jews from Israel, including expatriates from Kurdish Iran, to the Iraqi cities of Mosul and Nineveh under the guise of religious pilgrimages to ancient Jewish religious shrines. According to Kurdish sources, the Israelis are secretly working with the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to carry out the integration of Kurdish and other Jews into areas of Iraq under control of the KRG.

Kurdish, Iraqi Sunni Muslim, and Turkmen have noted that Kurdish Israelis began to buy land in Iraqi Kurdistan after the U.S. invasion in 2003 that is considered historical Jewish "property."

The Israelis are particularly interested in the shrine of the Jewish prophet Nahum in al Qush, the prophet Jonah in Mosul, and the tomb of the prophet Daniel in Kirkuk. Israelis are also trying to claim Jewish "properties" outside of the Kurdish region, including the shrine of Ezekiel in the village of al-Kifl in Babel Province near Najaf and the tomb of Ezra in al-Uzayr in Misan Province, near Basra, both in southern Iraq's Shi'a-dominated territory. Israeli expansionists consider these shrines and tombs as much a part of "Greater Israel" as Jerusalem and the West Bank, which they call "Judea and Samaria."

Kurdish and Iraqi sources report that Israel's Mossad is working hand-in-hand with Israeli companies and "tourists" to stake a claim to the Jewish "properties"of Israel in Iraq. The Mossad has already been heavily involved in training the Kurdish Pesha Merga military forces.

Reportedly assisting the Israelis are foreign mercenaries paid for by U.S. Christian evangelical circles that support the concept of "Christian Zionism."

Iraqi nationalists charge that the Israeli expansion into Iraq is supported by both major Kurdish factions, including the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan headed by Iraq's nominal President Jalal Talabani. Talabani's son, Qubad Talabani, serves as the KRG's representative in Washington, where he lives with his wife Sherri Kraham, who is Jewish.

Also supporting the Israeli land acquisition activities is the Kurdistan Democratic Party, headed by Massoud Barzani, the President of the KRG. One of Barzani's five sons, Binjirfan Barzani, is reportedly heavily involved with the Israelis.

The Israelis and their Christian Zionist supporters enter Iraq not through Baghdad but through Turkey. In order to depopulate residents of lands the Israelis claim, Mossad operatives and Christian Zionist mercenaries are staging terrorist attacks against Chaldean Christians, particularly in Nineveh, Irbil, al-Hamdaniya, Bartalah, Talasqaf, Batnayah, Bashiqah, Elkosheven, Uqrah, and Mosul.

These attacks by the Israelis and their allies are usually reported as being the responsibility of "Al Qaeda" and other Islamic "jihadists."

The ultimate aim of the Israelis is to depopulate the Christian population in and around Mosul and claim the land as biblical Jewish land that is part of "Greater Israel." The Israeli/Christian Zionist operation is a replay of the depopulation of the Palestinians in the British mandate of Palestine after World War II.

In June 2003, a delegation of Israelis visited Mosul and said that it was Israel's intentions, with the assistance of Barzani, to establish Israeli control of the shrine of Jonah in Mosul and the shrine of Nahum in the Mosul plains. The Israelis said Israeli and Iranian Jewish pilgrims would travel via Turkey to the area of Mosul and take over lands where Iraqi Christians lived.

 

 WMR Israel using "super-power" clout to scare up UN votes against Palestine independence  June 28-29, 2011 --
Second part of a two-part series

Israel is using the kind of diplomatic clout usually exercised by a super-power in pressuring the nations of the world to vote "no" or abstain on an expected UN General Assembly resolution recognizing the independence of Palestine within 1967 borders. However, Israel does have the full backing of the United States and Germany, which are using their own diplomatic muscle to reward and threaten those nations based on their votes in the UN. Israel, through its lobbying arms, particularly the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) and the American Jewish Committee, has managed to get key Republicans in the House of Representatives to threaten to limit U.S. funding for the UN and its specialized agencies if the General Assembly votes to recognize Palestine.

The German government of Chancellor Angela Merkel is reportedly threatening a cut-off in economic aid to developing nations that vote for Palestine. German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle and International Aid Minister Dirk Niebel have been at the forefront of the pressure operations.

Israel's new ambassador to the UN, Ron Prosor, has been twisting the arms of delegates from large and small countries to vote with Israel and against Palestine. Prosor's replacement as the ambassador in London, Daniel Taub, was chosen for the job because he and his wife Zehava were both born in London and educated in the UK before emigrating to Israel. The Taubs are well-connected to Britain's Jewish community, including Labor Opposition Leader Ed Miliband, and can use their influence to try and dissuade the Tory-Liberal Democratic coalition government from voting for Palestine at the UN.

Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon has been making his rounds to suppress the pro-Palestine vote in the UN. Even the Vatican City micro-state has not been ignored by Israel. Although only a UN observer, the Vatican has diplomatic clout with majority Catholic countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as nations in Africa with sizable Catholic populations. Ayalon met with Vatican Under-Secretary for Relations with States Monsignor Ettore Balestrero at the Vatican a few weeks ago to discuss various "political issues."

A few days after returning to Jerusalem from Europe, Ayalon requested Vietnam to vote no on Palestine. Ayalon had been meeting with Vietnamese Minister of Information and Communications Le Doan Ho. Earlier in June, Ayalon traveled to El Salvador to address the summit of the Organization of American States where he held bilateral discussions with several delegates to lobby for a no vote on Palestine. Ayalon's trip was designed to convince those Western Hemisphere nations that had previously recognized Palestine to abstain or vote against Palestine in the General Assembly. Mexico was a key target of the Israeli arm-twisting and Prosor later stated in New York that Israel had bagged Mexico's vote.

The former Soviet states of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have been lobbied by Israeli President Shimon Peres who paid visits to both nations in 2009.

Ayalon later claimed success in stemming the tide of Palestinian support in Latin America and Europe.

Israel's rabidly anti-Arab racist Foreign Minister, Avigdor Lieberman, has sent classified cables to Israel's ambassadors around the world instructing them to seek promises from nations to vote against Palestine by stressing that a yes vote for Palestine would somehow "de-legitimize" Israel. Lieberman has visited Albania, Croatia, and Austria soliciting no votes on Palestine. Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu will visit Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland to persuade them to also vote no on Palestine.

Israel's strategy is to see 60 members of the UN vote no or abstain on the Palestine vote. At they very least, Israel wants some members to be absent on the day of the vote.

Prosor has stated that one of Israel's main targets in its campaign are "countries along the Pacific Ocean coastline." That strategy was part of the reason Israeli Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin visited the south Pacific island nation of Tonga in April.

Three former U.S. Trust Territories that vote with the United States and Israel in a manner reminiscent of the lockstep support that the former Byelorussian and Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republics gave to the USSR in the United Nations are expected to vote against Palestine. In May, Stuart Beck, the UN ambassador of Palau, one of these " freely Associated States," which are bound to the U.S. by treaty, said, "Palau is the number one friend of the US, ahead of everyone, including Israel. We overtook Israel this year." Palau's voting record with the United States in the UN is 96.5 percent. Palau is followed by the Federated States of Micronesia at 94 percent, Israel at 91.8 percent and the Republic of the Marshall Islands at 81 percent. The United States, Israel, and the three "associated states" often vote as a unified small minority block against a vast majority of the UN member states.

Vanuatu: A case of just how far Israel and its allies are willing to go

The South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu is best known to Americans as the scene of one of the "Survivor" television shows. However, its history of diplomatic poker playing between China and Taiwan has made it well-known as a nation that can be swayed easily on the global stage.

In May, when Vanuatu decided to recognize the Georgian breakaway region of Abkhazia as independent, joining Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua and Vanuatu's South Pacific partner Nauru, alarm bells went off not only in Georgia but in Israel, a close ally of Georgia. A number of dual Georgian-Israeli citizens have served or are serving as members of the Georgian government of President Mikheil Saakashvili and Israel counts Georgia as a major diplomatic ally at the UN.

Almost immediately after the Vanuatu government of Prime Minister Sato Kilman recognized Abkhazia, Vanuatu's ambassador to the UN, Donald Kalpokas, stated that Vanuatu recognized only Georgia and not Abkhazia. It is quite clear that Kalpokas was taking his orders not from his own government but from the US and Israeli ambassadors, Susan Rice and Prosor, both ardent supporters of Georgia. However, Vanuatu Foreign Minister Alfred Carlot, who had been on a visit to China, confirmed that Vanuatu had, in fact, recognized Abkhazia and appeared on a YouTube video confirming the recognition.

Meanwhile, New Zealand's conservative and pro-Israeli Prime Minister John Key, made some comments about Russian influence in the South Pacific at the same time his Foreign Minister Murray McCully was touring the island states on a mission tied to continued New Zealand economic assistance, a mission that may have been in concert with Germany's threat to withhold aid to nations that voted with Palestine at the UN. McCully's mission took him to Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands, with Papua New Guinea being dropped at the last minute after its foreign minister was fired.

After Abkhazian authorities produced the document signed by the prime ministers of Abkhazia and Vanuatu establishing diplomatic relations, a funny thing happened to Vanuatu Prime Minister Kilman. The nation's Supreme Court fired Kilman and appointed his predecessor Edward Natapei, dismissed in December 2010 after he lost a no-confidence vote. The court ruled that Kilman's election as prime minister was null and void because the parliamentary vote was by a show of hands rather than a secret ballot.

One of Natapei's first actions was to nullify Vanuatu's recognition of Abkhazia. But there is yet another wrinkle to the ouster of Kilman. Natapei's acting foreign minister Joe Natuman, in "de-recognizing" Abkhazia, also announced that Australian attorney Ari Jenshel, an official with the Australian Agency for International Development (AUSAID), as rife with Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO) agents as the US Agency for International Development (USAID) is with CIA agents, would be welcomed back to Vanuatu after his expulsion by the Kilman government for espionage. Natapei charged that Kilman's government was receiving "bribes" from businessmen from unnamed foreign countries. Jenshel, who is close to Australian Jewish circles, worked for five years in the Vanuatu Attorney General's office under an AUSAID program.

From the Kilman government's vantage point, Jenshel was in a position to rifle through documents and other sensitive material, copy them, and send them to Canberra. The Vanuatu government, in fact, charged Jenshel with copying sensitive documents and sending them to Australia. Jenshel was also accused of copying classified communications between the Kilman government and that of Fiji's military ruler, Commodore Frank Bainimarama. Fiji's vote on Palestine at the UN and its possible following Vanuatu in recognizing Abkhazia may have been the subject of the classified communications, which would have been of interest to ASIO, Mossad, and the CIA.

After his dismissal by the Supreme Court, Kilman was re-elected by the Vanuatu parliament with 29 out of 52 votes, defeatinf rival Serge Vohor by six votes. Kilman's entire government, including Foreign Minister Carlot, who arranged for the recognition of Abkhazia, was re-instated. There is no indication that the Kilman government will abide by the "de-recognition" decision of interim Prime Minister Natapei and with more evidence surfacing about Australian, Israeli, and U.S. intrigue behind Vanuatu's "constitutional coup," something that Australians are painfully aware of as a result of the CIA's 1975 constitutional coup against Australian Labor Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, Vanuatu may be an example of an intelligence operation "blow back," with Kilman and his South Pacific partners voting for Palestine at the UN General Assembly as a warning to Canberra, Wellington, Tel Aviv, Tbilisi, and Washington to stay out of South Pacific affairs.

But, as is normal, the Obama administration has not gotten the message from the South Pacific. In a throwback to "gunboat diplomacy," it is dispatching the USS Cleveland (LPD-7), a Navy amphibious ship with a Marine contingent, on a "goodwill" tour of Vanuatu, Tonga, Micronesia, Timor-Leste, and Papua New Guinea as part of "Pacific Partnership 2011." The CIA's official diplomatic cover "political officers" will undoubtedly be on hand to ensure that the five nations visited by the ship are "on side" for the General Assembly vote.

 

WMR Israeli Math: Counting and pounding heads against Palestine in the UN General Assembly   June 29-30, 2011
Informed Caribbean sources have reported to WMR that Israel's Foreign Ministry personnel, including the Israeli non-resident ambassador to Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Amiram Magid, who resides in Jerusalem at the Israeli Foreign Ministry, has been promising the Caribbean states security and intelligence assistance in return for their votes in the UN General Assembly against recognition of Palestine's sovereignty. Many Caribbean travel officials scoff at Magid's promise of an influx of money-tossing Israeli tourists in return for pro-Israel UN votes by the Caribbean nations. Israelis are known by many Caribbean hotel owners as among the stingiest and cheapest tourists who have vacationed in the islands. Hotel owners often complain that Israeli tourists damage rooms, steal room fixtures, and leave the islands without fully paying their bills.

Magid is clearly trying to shore up the Caribbean states' votes against Palestine at this September's General Assembly meeting. What is hypocritical in the Israeli approach to the small Caribbean islands is that Israel is promising Israeli security assistance to fight organized crime, largely stemming from Colombian drug cartels that are allied with Russo-Israeli mafia syndicates. The latter's ranks include and have included a number of veterans of the Israeli Defense Force, Shin Bet, and Mossad, including the notorious Yair Klein, aka Jair Klein, expelled from Russia after pressure was exerted on Moscow by the European Court of Human Rights. Klein is now living in Israel.

Klein's extradition to Colombia has been requested by Bogota for his activities in training and arming the Colombian drug cartels of Pablo Escobar and Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha and right-wing paramilitary militias against the progressive forces of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

One of the Caribbean states being lobbied by Israel to oppose the Palestine resolution is Antigua and Barbuda, once a base of Klein's operations and the home to a number of Russo-Israeli drug money laundering operations.

The expected Palestine sovereignty resolution, if passed by a two-thirds majority, would not only confer the General Assembly's recognition of Palestine within the 1967 borders but would also open up the legal channels for UN members to apply sanctions against the State of Israel.

Israel's strategy is to have 60 members of the General Assembly vote against the Palestine resolution, abstain on it, or be absent from the Assembly and not vote. Sixty votes would deny Palestine and its supporters a two-thirds majority. For that reason, Israel is concentrating its efforts on the 38 members of the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). With all or a majority of the 38 SIDS members, Israel hopes to pick up the remaining 22 to 30 votes from small European and African nations, as well as from the United States, Canada, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and some of the NATO nations of eastern Europe.

The 38 SIDS members are as follows:

1 Antigua and Barbuda

20 Federated States of Micronesia

2 Bahamas

21 Mauritius

3 Bahrain

22 Nauru

4 Barbados

23 Palau

5 Belize

24 Papua New Guinea

6 Cape Verde

25 Samoa

7 Comoros

26 São Tomé and Principe

8 Cuba

27 Singapore

9 Dominica

28 St. Kitts and Nevis

10 Dominican Republic

29 St. Lucia

11 Fiji

30 St. Vincent and the Grenadines

12 Grenada

31 Seychelles

13 Guinea-Bissau

32 Solomon Islands

14 Guyana

33 Suriname

15 Haiti

34 Timor-Lesté

16 Jamaica

35 Tonga

17 Kiribati

36 Trinidad and Tobago

18 Maldives

37 Tuvalu

19 Marshall Islands

38 Vanuatu

Although nations like Cuba, Suriname, and Guyana have already recognized Palestine, Israel hopes to have Guyana and Suriname reverse course in the General Assembly vote.

But it is the small English-speaking Caribbean countries that have seen a full-court press by Israel. A week ago, Magid visited St. Kitts and Nevis and promised the twin-island state help in its alternative agro-business to supplant its decimated sugar cane industry. In May, St. Kitts and Nevis National Security Minister Sam Condor said that his country was looking to Israel for training in "intelligence gathering" to combat gang warfare and other criminal activities. In April, Condor said that a "team of security force and military academy personnel from Israel" would soon be arriving in St. Kitts and Nevis. By accepting such assistance, St. Kitts and Nevis, as well as other nations accepting similar assistance from Israel will be required to give their UN vote to Israel against Palestine.

Magid has also been to St. Lucia and offered that nation security assistance in dealing with a growing murder rate linked to the drug trade. Foreign Minister Rufus Bousquet indicated in January of this year that the Israeli aid offer was linked to a similar offer from the United States. St. Lucia's Prime Minister, Stephenson King, is a former president of the Caribbean Federation of Youth, a CIA front established at the time of the U.S. invasion of Grenada in 1983 and the ouster of that nation's Marxist-led government. The Caribbean Youth Federation, which still exists with branches in Anguilla, Barbados, Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis, Saba, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago, is aimed at countering leftist and progressive recruitment efforts among the youth of the Caribbean, particularly from Cuba, Venezuela, and Nicaragua.

On February 13, 2011, King stated in his State of the Nation address that: "the Government of Israel has approved a request from the Government of Saint Lucia to provide assistance to the local police in the following areas: Intelligence Gathering and Handling Human Sources, Operations and Detective Work, and Technical Surveillance and General Surveillance." King added that the United States would supplement the Israeli efforts with training and logistical support.

Magid, the non-resident ambassador to Trinidad and Tobago, has visited the nation to ensure that national security and intelligence cooperation established between Israel and Trinidad and Tobago under Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Patrick Manning, which included the shipment of Uzi automatic weapons to the nation's security forces, continues under Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar.

In February, after Suriname recognized Palestine within the 1967 borders, Magid flew to Paramaribo and a "frank and candid" meeting with Foreign Minister Winston Lackin. "Frank and candid" is diplomatic-speak for a heated confrontation. In recent weeks, Israeli officials have expressed confidence that some Latin American nations that previously recognized Palestine will vote no or abstain in the General Assembly. These include Suriname, neighboring Guyana, as well as Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Peru, Brazil, and Argentina. Israel believes it already has the support of Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia, Honduras, and possibly, Guatemala, Jamaica, and El Salvador.

Another vote that is up in the air is that of Belize. For years, Belize considered Israel to be hostile because of Tel Aviv's military and intelligence support for Guatemala's right-wing military governments, which laid claim on Belize as Guatemalan territory. While Belize's Prime Minister was Said Musa, who was of Palestinian descent, relations soured even further. However, with the election of Belize's first black Prime Minister, Dean Barrow, who has served as an attorney for former British Conservative Party deputy leader and major Belize investor and dual British-Belizean, Lord Ashcroft, relations between Belize and Israel have warmed considerably. Israel's ambassador to Belize, Mattanya Cohen, resident in San Salvador, is a frequent visitor to Belize and he has established a close relationship with Belize's Foreign Minister and Attorney General Wilfred Elrington. Cohen has also dangled the prospect of young Israelis, who currently travel to Guatemala, of crossing the border into Belize. Cohen reminds Belize officials that before Palestine was chosen as the Jewish homeland by the Zionists, the other two possibilities for the Jewish state were Uganda and Belize.

Israel's ambassador to the Dominican Republic Moshe Sermoneta has been pressuring the remaining Caribbean states to fall in line behind Israel and against Palestine. Israeli post-quake assistance has been offered to Haiti and other aid packages have been dangled in front of the Dominican Republic, Dominica, and Antigua and Barbuda in return for their votes. Sermoneta promised Antiguan Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer a wave of Israeli tourists during a meeting in the Antiguan capital.

One country that may be ripe for a pickup by Israel for a vote that would likely have gone to Palestine is Dominica, whose Prime Minister, Roosevelt Skerrit, is a political ally of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez and has joined Dominica to the Bolivarian Alliance of Our People´s of Our America (ALBA), a counter-U.S. Latin American organization co-founded by Venezuela and Cuba. However, the illness of Chavez, who is recuperating from a sudden illness in Cuba, has forced the cancellation of the July 5-6 summit of Latin American and Caribbean leaders on Venezuela's Margarita island. It was widely anticipated that the Margarita summit would see Palestine's chief allies, Venezuela, Nicaragua, and Bolivia, press the uncommitted nations to support the UN General Assembly Palestine resolution and, perhaps, even recognize Palestine before the UN meeting. The postponement of the summit will give Israel, as well as the United States, which was not invited to the summit, time to lean on the uncommitted nations of the hemisphere to nix the Palestine resolution.

In the Bahamas, Israel has been using Christian Zionists to apply pressure on the government of Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham to vote no on Palestine. Bahamanian Christian Zionists and their Bahamian expatriate friends in Florida have established pro-Israeli pressure groups like the "Caribbean Allies for Israel Foundation" and "Shalom Caribbean International" and have held pro-Israeli rallies in Nassau and Freeport.

With Israel hoping to nab most of the SIDS members, Tel Aviv is bargaining that most of the NATO countries will side with Israel and deny Palestine their votes. Other nations being eyed by Israel are African nations with close ties to Israel, including Liberia, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Botswana, Zambia, and the the expected 193'rd member of the UN, South Sudan. Other possibilities are Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Gambia, and Benin.

Israel is also hoping for no votes or abstentions from the Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, South Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, and the European mini-states of Liechtenstein, Malta, Andorra, Luxembourg, San Marino, and Monaco. Austria, Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro, Ukraine, and the Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia are also being courted. The math of the situation, in Israel's view and with the United States and Germany threatening wavering nations with a cut-off of economic aid, means that Palestine has an uphill climb to secure a two-thirds vote in the General Assembly.

 

Wikipedia Progressive Judaism 

Progressive Judaism (Hebrew: יהדות רפורמית‎) (Yiddish: רעפאָרם יידישקייַט), is an umbrella term used by strands of Judaism which affiliate to the World Union for Progressive Judaism (WUPJ). They embrace pluralism, modernity, equality and social justice as core values and believe that such values are consistent with a committed Jewish life. The movement includes more than 1.7 million members spread across 42 countries.
Progressive Judaism started its formal existence as a movement in 1926 when leading LiberalReform, and Progressive Jews in North America and Europe met in England to discuss common interests. At the urging ofLily Montagu, they decided to unite and form the WUPJ. Local movements retained their prior organizational structure and identity but now had a new umbrella organization which they used to support one another and coordinate efforts to support congregations in regions where Progressive Judaism was not yet well established. After World War II, the WUPJ also worked to rebuild the decimated progressive congregations of Europe.
Zionists within the progressive movement are represented by Arzenu, a Brit Olamit (political party) within theWorld Zionist Organization. A Zionist Youth movement, Netzer Olami has affiliations with both the WUPJ and Arzenu.
[Relationship to Liberal, Reform, and Reconstructionist Judaism
Progressive Judaism represents a set of beliefs, goals, and organizational structure shared by Jews that variously call themselves "Liberal", "Reform", "Reconstructionist" or "Progressive".
[Continental Europe
Main article: Progressive Judaism (Germany) Main article: Liberal Judaism (Netherlands)
In the first half of the 19th century, reform-minded Jews in Germany identified with the name "Reform". Early rabbinic reformers, such as Abraham Geiger, had no desire to start a separate movement. They identified with the term "reform" and periodically met in synods, but did not formally organize into an independent denomination or rabbinic association.
The laity was more impatient with the process of reform. When the German government authorized the establishment of officially recognized separatist congregations, radical lay people in Frankfurt and Berlin formed their own congregations. In 1842 a radical group of lay people in Frankfurt formed theReformFreunde (Friends of Reform). In the summer of 1845, a group of lay people in Berlin, led by Sigmund Stern formed the Association for Reform in Judaism and held High Holiday services using a liturgy designed by the association. In 1850 the association renamed itself the Jewish Reform Congregation of Berlin. This attempt at congregational separatism, however, failed to flourish. No other official congregations were established and prominent reformers, such as Abraham Geiger, refused to serve them.
By the final quarter of the 19th century, the reform process slowed down to the point that younger members of the community accused their reform minded elders of being a "ham-eating orthodoxy". The next generation of reformers coalesced around a new name: "liberal". This time attempts at organization gathered momentum and gained rabbinic support. In 1898, German liberal rabbis organized into the Union of Liberal Rabbis in Germany. In 1908 the liberal laity organized into the Union for Liberal Judaism in Germany. Within a year had over 5000 lay and rabbinic members belonging to some 200 communities.In the 20th century, the predominant terms in continental Europe are either "Liberal" or "Progressive".
United Kingdom
Main article: Liberal Judaism (United Kingdom) Main article: Reform Judaism (United Kingdom)
The term "Progressive" is used in two senses in the United Kingdom. Some synagogues affiliated to Liberal Judaism (formerly the Union of Liberal and Progressive Synagogues) have "Progressive" rather than "Liberal" in their title. Today, however, the term "Progressive" is increasingly used as an umbrella term covering both Reform and Liberal Judaism.
North America
Main article: Reform Judaism (North America) Main article: Reconstructionist Judaism
In North America laity, rabbis and congregations began organizing much earlier than in Europe. In 1825, lay members of Beth Elohim in Charleston, South Carolina founded the Reformed Society of Israelites. Although reform minded Americans identified as "Reform" Jews, the name never made it into their major institutions. In 1873 Reform congregations organized as the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (UAHC). Shortly after, in 1875, the Hebrew Union College was established to improve the quality of rabbis in the US.
As in Europe, there were significant disagreements among the reformers over the role of tradition. In 1883, a banquet was planned to celebrate the first graduating class of rabbis from Hebrew Union College. According to a contemporary account, radical elements among the Reform leaders ordered shrimp for the dinner's menu which are forbidden according to the Jewish laws of kashrut, leading to guests walking out in disgust. The so-called Trefa Banquet has taken on mythic status as a source of the conflict between the radical and conservative reformers, though modern accounts pin the blame on a combination of the eagerness and naivete catering and, as an account by Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise stated, “the Cincinnati Banquet Committee allowed a few dishes to be served which are forbidden according to Jewish ritual law".[19][20] The conflict further intensified in 1885 when a fierce debate broke out between Kaufmann Kohler and Alexander Kohut over the very nature of reform.
In response to debate, Kohler called a conference of reform-minded rabbis in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Wise, the rabbinical head of Hebrew Union College, presided over the conference. The conference produced the Pittsburgh Platform. This platform was highly controversial and an organizational split between those more and less conservative.[21] In 1887 a separate rabbinical school, the Jewish Theological Seminary was founded. In 1889, the more liberal rabbis organized under the banner of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. In 1901, conservative rabbis organized as the Rabbinical Assembly. Ten years later, in 1913, conservative congregations banded together under the banner of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.
In the 1930s, a third stream of non-orthodox Judaism began to develop in the USA - Reconstructionist Judaism. Initially reconstructionist congregations belonged either to the Reform or Conservative movement - Mordacai Kaplan was deeply opposed to the formation of yet another American Jewish denomination. In 1955 the Reconstructionist Fellowship of Congregations was formed. This organization allowed reconstructionist congregations to share common concerns but required members to be dual affiliated with either the US Reform or Conservative movement. In 1961 the dual affiliation requirement was dropped and Reconstructionist Judaism became a full fledged third denomination on the American scene.
Thus, in the USA as in the UK, the reformers gathered under multiple denominational banners, today known as ReformReconstructionist and Conservative Judaism. Despite the organizational split, US Reform, Reconstructionist and Conservative Jews have a common appreciation for democratic pluralism and the on-going historic process of change. In a US context, the term "Liberal" refers to this common vision, as contrasted with orthodoxy. Common concerns and grassroots connections are also evidenced by interdenominational mailing lists such as Mail. Liberal-Judaism.
[edit]A common progressive identity
Prior to World War I, the US Reform, UK liberals, and their counterparts in continental Europe planned a meeting to discuss common goals. The meeting finally occurred after the war in 1926. The attendees debated the relative merits of "liberal" and "reform". Satisfied with neither, they settled on "progressive" rather than "reform" or "liberal". They also formed an organization using this common name, the World Union for Progressive Judaism.[26]
The more conservative half of the UK reform movement, UK Reform did not participate in these initial meetings. However, it later joined the WUPJ in 1930.[27]In the USA, both Reform and Reconstructionist[28] Judaism belong to the WUPJ. The US Conservative movement, has never participated in or joined the WUPJ.[29]
Communities developed after 1926
Main article: Progressive Judaism (Israel)
Countries whose progressive community developed post 1926, generally identify with the name "Progressive". This includes all of Oceania (Australia, New Zealand, Southeast Asia, etc.), South America, the Former Soviet Union and Israel. Many of the European communities rebuilt after World War II with the help of the WUPJ also consider "Progressive", rather than "Liberal" or "Reform" their primary identity.
eliefs and practices
Because the progressive movement believes in the continuous integration of Jewish tradition and non-Jewish insights, the specific beliefs and practices of Progressive Judaism have changed over time. The commitment to personal and congregational autonomy also means that standards of belief and practice can vary widely from region to region, from congregation to congregation, and even from individual to individual.[citation needed] Given this diversity, historian Michael Meyer prefers to characterize progressive Judaism by certain dynamic tensions. They include, but are not limited to: continuity versus reform, authority versus autonomy and universalism versus particularism.
[]Intellectual history
This section requires expansion. (May 2008)
Main article: Reform movement in Judaism
The intellectual roots of the reform, liberal, reconstructionist, and progressive Judaism lie in what is commonly called the Reform movement in Judaism.
[]Communal life
[]Rabbis, cantors and communal leaders
See Category:Progressive Jewish higher education Rabbis, cantors and communal leaders for the worldwide progressive movement are trained in one of three rabbinic institutions: Leo Baeck CollegeAbraham Geiger College and Hebrew Union College. While all three train rabbis for the worldwide progressive movement, each has a different regional focus: The Abraham Geiger College focuses on providing leadership for communities in Germany, Central and Eastern Europe.[34] Leo Baeck College, located in the UK, focuses on leadership for the UK Reform and UK Liberal.[32] Hebrew Union College, with campuses in the USA and Israel, trains rabbis and communal service leaders for work in North American Reform and Israeli Progressive congregations. It also provides a year in Israel program for students at the Leo Baeck College and Abraham Geiger Institute.
[edit]International cooperation
World Union for Progressive Judaism
Arzenu
 - the international umbrella organization for progressive religious Zionist organizations
Netzer Olami
, the international youth wing of the progressive movement, jointly sponsored by Arzenu and the WUPJ.
Regional organizations
Progressive congregations identify themselves by joining one of the many regional organizations. The regional organizations set common goals and work together on joint projects through the World Union for Progressive Judaism (WUPJ).
Regional organizations that are members of the World Union for Progressive Judaism include:
Union for Progressive Judaism comprising congregations in AustraliaNew ZealandChinaIndia, and Singapore.[38]
European WUPJ providing regional support to congregations in AustriaBelgiumCzech RepublicDenmarkFranceGermanyHungaryIrelandItaly,LuxembourgNetherlandsPolandSpainSwitzerland. Within the European region there are also subregional associations for Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and the UK.
WUPJ - Former Soviet Union providing support for congregations in the Former Soviet Union.
Israel Movement for Progressive Judaism
  comprising 23 congregations spread throughout Israel.
South African Union for Progressive Judaism supports congregations in South Africa.
Union of Jewish Congregations of Latin America and the Caribbean supports congregations in Latin America and the Caribbean.[44]
Union for Reform Judaism
 supports reform congregations in North America.
Jewish Reconstructionist Federation, also a member of the WUPJ, supports Reconstructionist congregations in North America.

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Bint Jbeil THE JEWS OF IRAQ By Naeim Giladi   Wikipedia    pic
THE JEWS OF IRAQ By Naeim Giladi   naeim giladi  write this article for the same reason I wrote my book: to tell the American people, and especially American Jews, that Jews from Islamic lands did not emigrate willingly to Israel; that, to force them to leave, Jews killed Jews; and that, to buy time to confiscate ever more Arab lands, Jews on numerous occasions rejected genuine peace initiatives from their Arab neighbors. I write about what the first prime minister of Israel called "cruel Zionism." I write about it because I was part of it.   My Story      Of course I thought I knew it all back then. I was young, idealistic, and more than willing to put my life at risk for my convictions. It was 1947 and I wasn't quite 18 when the Iraqi authorities caught me for smuggling young Iraqi Jews like myself out of Iraq, into Iran, and then on to the Promised Land of the soon-to-be established Israel. I was an Iraqi Jew in the Zionist underground. My Iraqi jailers did everything they could to extract the names of my co-conspirators. Fifty years later, pain still throbs in my right toe-a reminder of the day my captors used pliers to remove my toenails. On another occasion, they hauled me to the flat roof of the prison, stripped me bare on a frigid January day, then threw a bucket of cold water over me. I was left there, chained to the railing, for hours. But I never once considered giving them the information they wanted. I was a true believer. My preoccupation during what I refer to as my "two years in hell" was with survival and escape. I had no interest then in the broad sweep of Jewish history in Iraq even though my family had been part of it right from the beginning. We were originally Haroons, a large and important family of the "Babylonian Diaspora." My ancestors had settled in Iraq more than 2,600 years ago-600 years before Christianity, and 1,200 years before Islam. I am descended from Jews who built the tomb of Yehezkel, a Jewish prophet of pre-biblical times. My town, where I was born in 1929, is Hillah, not far from the ancient site of Babylon. The original Jews found Babylon, with its nourishing Tigris and Euphrates rivers, to be truly a land of milk, honey, abundance-and opportunity. Although Jews, like other minorities in what became Iraq, experienced periods of oppression and discrimination depending on the rulers of the period, their general trajectory over two and one-half millennia was upward. Under the late Ottoman rule, for example, Jewish social and religious institutions, schools, and medical facilities flourished without outside interference, and Jews were prominent in government and business. As I sat there in my cell, unaware that a death sentence soon would be handed down against me, I could not have recounted any personal grievances that my family members would have lodged against the government or the Muslim majority. Our family had been treated well and had prospered, first as farmers with some 50,000 acres devoted to rice, dates and Arab horses. Then, with the Ottomans, we bought and purified gold that was shipped to Istanbul and turned into coinage. The Turks were responsible in fact for changing our name to reflect our occupation-we became Khalaschi, meaning "Makers of Pure." I did not volunteer the information to my father that I had joined the Zionist underground. He found out several months before I was arrested when he saw me writing Hebrew and using words and expressions unfamiliar to him. He was even more surprised to learn that, yes, I had decided I would soon move to Israel myself. He was scornful. "You'll come back with your tail between your legs," he predicted. About 125,000 Jews left Iraq for Israel in the late 1940s and into 1952, most because they had been lied to and put into a panic by what I came to learn were Zionist bombs. But my mother and father were among the 6,000 who did not go to Israel. Although physically I never did return to Iraq-that bridge had been burned in any event-my heart has made the journey there many, many times. My father had it right. I was imprisoned at the military camp of Abu-Greib, about 7 miles from Baghdad. When the military court handed down my sentence of death by hanging, I had nothing to lose by attempting the escape I had been planning for many months. It was a strange recipe for an escape: a dab of butter, an orange peel, and some army clothing that I had asked a friend to buy for me at a flea market. I deliberately ate as much bread as I could to put on fat in anticipation of the day I became 18, when they could formally charge me with a crime and attach the 50-pound ball and chain that was standard prisoner issue. Later, after my leg had been shackled, I went on a starvation diet that often left me weak-kneed. The pat of butter was to lubricate my leg in preparation for extricating it from the metal band. The orange peel I surreptitiously stuck into the lock on the night of my planned escape, having studied how it could be placed in such a way as to keep the lock from closing. As the jailers turned to go after locking up, I put on the old army issue that was indistinguishable from what they were wearing-a long, green coat and a stocking cap that I pulled down over much of my face (it was winter). Then I just quietly opened the door and joined the departing group of soldiers as they strode down the hall and outside, and I offered a "good night" to the shift guard as I left. A friend with a car was waiting to speed me away. Later I made my way to the new state of Israel, arriving in May, 1950. My passport had my name in Arabic and English, but the English couldn't capture the "kh" sound, so it was rendered simply as Klaski. At the border, the immigration people applied the English version, which had an Eastern European, Ashkenazi ring to it. In one way, this "mistake" was my key to discovering very soon just how the Israeli caste system worked. They asked me where I wanted to go and what I wanted to do. I was the son of a farmer; I knew all the problems of the farm, so I volunteered to go to Dafnah, a farming kibbutz in the high Galilee. I only lasted a few weeks. The new immigrants were given the worst of everything. The food was the same, but that was the only thing that everyone had in common. For the immigrants, bad cigarettes, even bad toothpaste. Everything. I left. Then, through the Jewish Agency, I was advised to go to al-Majdal (later renamed Ashkelon), an Arab town about 9 miles from Gaza, very close to the Mediterranean. The Israeli government planned to turn it into a farmers' city, so my farm background would be an asset there. When I reported to the Labor Office in al-Majdal, they saw that I could read and write Arabic and Hebrew and they said that I could find a good-paying job with the Military Governor's office. The Arabs were under the authority of these Israeli Military Governors. A clerk handed me a bunch of forms in Arabic and Hebrew. Now it dawned on me. Before Israel could establish its farmers' city, it had to rid al-Majdal of its indigenous Palestinians. The forms were petitions to the United Nations Inspectors asking for transfer out of Israel to Gaza, which was under Egyptian control. I read over the petition. In signing, the Palestinian would be saying that he was of sound mind and body and was making the request for transfer free of pressure or duress. Of course, there was no way that they would leave without being pressured to do so. These families had been there hundreds of years, as farmers, primitive artisans, weavers. The Military Governor prohibited them from pursuing their livelihoods, just penned them up until they lost hope of resuming their normal lives. That's when they signed to leave. I was there and heard their grief. "Our hearts are in pain when we look at the orange trees that we planted with our own hands. Please let us go, let us give water to those trees. God will not be pleased with us if we leave His trees untended." I asked the Military Governor to give them relief, but he said, "No, we want them to leave." I could no longer be part of this oppression and I left. Those Palestinians who didn't sign up for transfers were taken by force-just put in trucks and dumped in Gaza. About four thousand people were driven from al-Majdal in one way or another. The few who remained were collaborators with the Israeli authorities. Subsequently, I wrote letters trying to get a government job elsewhere and I got many immediate responses asking me to come for an interview. Then they would discover that my face didn't match my Polish/Ashkenazi name. They would ask if I spoke Yiddish or Polish, and when I said I didn't, they would ask where I came by a Polish name. Desperate for a good job, I would usually say that I thought my great-grandfather was from Poland. I was advised time and again that "we'll give you a call." Eventually, three to four years after coming to Israel, I changed my name to Giladi, which is close to the code name, Gilad, that I had in the Zionist underground. Klaski wasn't doing me any good anyway, and my Eastern friends were always chiding me about the name they knew didn't go with my origins as an Iraqi Jew. I was disillusioned at what I found in the Promised Land, disillusioned personally, disillusioned at the institutionalized racism, disillusioned at what I was beginning to learn about Zionism's cruelties. The principal interest Israel had in Jews from Islamic countries was as a supply of cheap labor, especially for the farm work that was beneath the urbanized Eastern European Jews. Ben Gurion needed the "Oriental" Jews to farm the thousands of acres of land left by Palestinians who were driven out by Israeli forces in 1948. And I began to find out about the barbaric methods used to rid the fledgling state of as many Palestinians as possible. The world recoils today at the thought of bacteriological warfare, but Israel was probably the first to actually use it in the Middle East. In the 1948 war, Jewish forces would empty Arab villages of their populations, often by threats, sometimes by just gunning down a half-dozen unarmed Arabs as examples to the rest. To make sure the Arabs couldn't return to make a fresh life for themselves in these villages, the Israelis put typhus and dysentery bacteria into the water wells. Uri Mileshtin, an official historian for the Israeli Defense Force, has written and spoken about the use of bacteriological agents. According to Mileshtin, Moshe Dayan, a division commander at the time, gave orders in 1948 to remove Arabs from their villages, bulldoze their homes, and render water wells unusable with typhus and dysentery bacteria. Acre was so situated that it could practically defend itself with one big gun, so the Haganah put bacteria into the spring that fed the town. The spring was called Capri and it ran from the north near a kibbutz. The Haganah put typhus bacteria into the water going to Acre, the people got sick, and the Jewish forces occupied Acre. This worked so well that they sent a Haganah division dressed as Arabs into Gaza, where there were Egyptian forces, and the Egyptians caught them putting two cans of bacteria, typhus and dysentery, into the water supply in wanton disregard of the civilian population. "In war, there is no sentiment," one of the captured Haganah men was quoted as saying. My activism in Israel began shortly after I received a letter from the Socialist/Zionist Party asking me to help with their Arabic newspaper. When I showed up at their offices at Central House in Tel Aviv, I asked around to see just where I should report. I showed the letter to a couple of people there and, without even looking at it, they would motion me away with the words, "Room No. 8." When I saw that they weren't even reading the letter, I inquired of several others. But the response was the same, "Room No. 8," with not a glance at the paper I put in front of them. So I went to Room 8 and saw that it was the Department of Jews from Islamic Countries. I was disgusted and angry. Either I am a member of the party or I'm not. Do I have a different ideology or different politics because I am an Arab Jew? It's segregation, I thought, just like a Negroes' Department. I turned around and walked out. That was the start of my open protests. That same year I organized a demonstration in Ashkelon against Ben Gurion's racist policies and 10,000 people turned out. There wasn't much opportunity for those of us who were second class citizens to do much about it when Israel was on a war footing with outside enemies. After the 1967 war, I was in the Army myself and served in the Sinai when there was continued fighting along the Suez Canal. But the cease-fire with Egypt in 1970 gave us our opening. We took to the streets and organized politically to demand equal rights. If it's our country, if we were expected to risk our lives in a border war, then we expected equal treatment. We mounted the struggle so tenaciously and received so much publicity that the Israeli government tried to discredit our movement by calling us "Israel's Black Panthers." They were thinking in racist terms, really, in assuming the Israeli public would reject an organization whose ideology was being compared to that of radical blacks in the United States. But we saw that what we were doing was no different than what blacks in the United States were fighting against-segregation, discrimination, unequal treatment. Rather than reject the label, we adopted it proudly. I had posters of Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Nelson Mandela and other civil rights activists plastered all over my office. With the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and the Israeli-condoned Sabra and Shatilla massacres, I had had enough of Israel. I became a United States citizen and made certain to revoke my Israeli citizenship. I could never have written and published my book in Israel, not with the censorship they would impose. Even in America, I had great difficulty finding a publisher because many are subject to pressures of one kind or another from Israel and its friends. I ended up paying $60,000 from my own pocket to publish Ben Gurion's Scandals: How the Haganah & the Mossad Eliminated Jews, virtually the entire proceeds from having sold my house in Israel. I still was afraid that the printer would back out or that legal proceedings would be initiated to stop its publication, like the Israeli government did in an attempt to prevent former Mossad case officer Victor Ostrovsky from publishing his first book. Ben Gurion's Scandals had to be translated into English from two languages. I wrote in Hebrew when I was in Israel and hoped to publish the book there, and I wrote in Arabic when I was completing the book after coming to the U.S. But I was so worried that something would stop publication that I told the printer not to wait for the translations to be thoroughly checked and proofread. Now I realize that the publicity of a lawsuit would just have created a controversial interest in the book. I am using bank vault storage for the valuable documents that back up what I have written. These documents, including some that I illegally copied from the archives at Yad Vashem, confirm what I saw myself, what I was told by other witnesses, and what reputable historians and others have written concerning the Zionist bombings in Iraq, Arab peace overtures that were rebuffed, and incidents of violence and death inflicted by Jews on Jews in the cause of creating Israel.   The Riots of 1941      If, as I have said, my family in Iraq was not persecuted personally and I knew no deprivation as a member of the Jewish minority, what led me to the steps of the gallows as a member of the Zionist underground? To answer that question, it is necessary to establish the context of the massacre that occurred in Baghdad on June 1, 1941, when several hundred Iraqi Jews were killed in riots involving junior officers of the Iraqi army. I was 12 years of age and many of those killed were my friends. I was angry, and very confused. What I didn't know at the time was that the riots most likely were stirred up by the British, in collusion with a pro-British Iraqi leadership. With the breakup of the Ottoman Empire following WW I, Iraq came under British "tutelage." Amir Faisal, son of Sharif Hussein who had led the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman sultan, was brought in from Mecca by the British to become King of Iraq in 1921. Many Jews were appointed to key administrative posts, including that of economics minister. Britain retained final authority over domestic and external affairs. Britain's pro-Zionist attitude in Palestine, however, triggered a growing anti-Zionist backlash in Iraq, as it did in all Arab countries. Writing at the end of 1934, Sir Francis Humphreys, Britain's Ambassador in Baghdad, noted that, while before WW I Iraqi Jews had enjoyed a more favorable position than any other minority in the country, since then "Zionism has sown dissension between Jews and Arabs, and a bitterness has grown up between the two peoples which did not previously exist." King Faisal died in 1933. He was succeeded by his son Ghazi, who died in a motor car accident in 1939. The crown then passed to Ghazi's 4-year-old son, Faisal II, whose uncle, Abd al-Ilah, was named regent. Abd al-Ilah selected Nouri el-Said as prime minister. El-Said supported the British and, as hatred of the British grew, he was forced from office in March 1940 by four senior army officers who advocated Iraq's independence from Britain. Calling themselves the Golden Square, the officers compelled the regent to name as prime minister Rashid Ali al-Kilani, leader of the National Brotherhood party. The time was 1940 and Britain was reeling from a strong German offensive. Al-Kilani and the Golden Square saw this as their opportunity to rid themselves of the British once and for all. Cautiously they began to negotiate for German support, which led the pro-British regent Abd al-Ilah to dismiss al-Kilani in January 1941. By April, however, the Golden Square officers had reinstated the prime minister. This provoked the British to send a military force into Basra on April 12, 1941. Basra, Iraq's second largest city, had a Jewish population of 30,000. Most of these Jews made their livings from import/export, money changing, retailing, as workers in the airports, railways, and ports, or as senior government employees. On the same day, April 12, supporters of the pro-British regent notified the Jewish leaders that the regent wanted to meet with them. As was their custom, the leaders brought flowers for the regent. Contrary to custom, however, the cars that drove them to the meeting place dropped them off at the site where the British soldiers were concentrated. Photographs of the Jews appeared in the following day's newspapers with the banner "Basra Jews Receive British Troops with Flowers." That same day, April 13, groups of angry Arab youths set about to take revenge against the Jews. Several Muslim notables in Basra heard of the plan and calmed things down. Later, it was learned that the regent was not in Basra at all and that the matter was a provocation by his pro-British supporters to bring about an ethnic war in order to give the British army a pretext to intervene. The British continued to land more forces in and around Basra. On May 7, 1941, their Gurkha unit, composed of Indian soldiers from that ethnic group, occupied Basra's el-Oshar quarter, a neighborhood with a large Jewish population. The soldiers, led by British officers, began looting. Many shops in the commercial district were plundered. Private homes were broken into. Cases of attempted rape were reported. Local residents, Jews and Muslims, responded with pistols and old rifles, but their bullets were no match for the soldiers' Tommy Guns. Afterwards, it was learned that the soldiers acted with the acquiescence, if not the blessing, of their British commanders. (It should be remembered that the Indian soldiers, especially those of the Gurkha unit, were known for their discipline, and it is highly unlikely they would have acted so riotously without orders.) The British goal clearly was to create chaos and to blacken the image of the pro-nationalist regime in Baghdad, thereby giving the British forces reason to proceed to the capital and to overthrow the al-Kilani government. Baghdad fell on May 30. Al-Kilani fled to Iran, along with the Golden Square officers. Radio stations run by the British reported that Regent Abd al-Ilah would be returning to the city and that thousands of Jews and others were planning to welcome him. What inflamed young Iraqis against the Jews most, however, was the radio announcer Yunas Bahri on the German station "Berlin," who reported in Arabic that Jews from Palestine were fighting alongside the British against Iraqi soldiers near the city of Faluja. The report was false. On Sunday, June 1, unarmed fighting broke out in Baghdad between Jews who were still celebrating their Shabuoth holiday and young Iraqis who thought the Jews were celebrating the return of the pro-British regent. That evening, a group of Iraqis stopped a bus, removed the Jewish passengers, murdered one and fatally wounded a second. About 8:30 the following morning, some 30 individuals in military and police uniforms opened fire along el-Amin street, a small downtown street whose jewelry, tailor and grocery shops were Jewish-owned. By 11 a.m., mobs of Iraqis with knives, switchblades and clubs were attacking Jewish homes in the area. The riots continued throughout Monday, June 2. During this time, many Muslims rose to defend their Jewish neighbors, while some Jews successfully defended themselves. There were 124 killed and 400 injured, according to a report written by a Jewish Agency messenger who was in Iraq at the time. Other estimates, possibly less reliable, put the death toll higher, as many as 500, with from 650 to 2,000 injured. From 500 to 1,300 stores and more than 1,000 homes and apartments were looted. Who was behind the rioting in the Jewish quarter? Yosef Meir, one of the most prominent activists in the Zionist underground movement in Iraq, known then as Yehoshafat, claims it was the British. Meir, who now works for the Israeli Defense Ministry, argues that, in order to make it appear that the regent was returning as the savior who would reestablish law and order, the British stirred up the riots against the most vulnerable and visible segment in the city, the Jews. And, not surprisingly, the riots ended as soon as the regent's loyal soldiers entered the capital. My own investigations as a journalist lead me to believe Meir is correct. Furthermore, I think his claims should be seen as based on documents in the archives of the Israeli Defense Ministry, the agency that published his book. Yet, even before his book came out, I had independent confirmation from a man I met in Iran in the late Forties. His name was Michael Timosian, an Iraqi Armenian. When I met him he was working as a male nurse at the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in Abadan in the south of Iran. On June 2, 1941, however, he was working at the Baghdad hospital where many of the riot victims were brought. Most of these victims were Jews. Timosian said he was particularly interested in two patients whose conduct did not follow local custom. One had been hit by a bullet in his shoulder, the other by a bullet in his right knee. After the doctor removed the bullets, the staff tried to change their blood-soaked cloths. But the two men fought off their efforts, pretending to be speechless, although tests showed they could hear. To pacify them, the doctor injected them with anesthetics and, as they were sleeping, Timosian changed their cloths. He discovered that one of them had around his neck an identification tag of the type used by British troops, while the other had tattoos with Indian script on his right arm along with the familiar sword of the Gurkha. The next day when Timosian showed up for work, he was told that a British officer, his sergeant and two Indian Gurkha soldiers had come to the hospital early that morning. Staff members overheard the Gurkha soldiers talking with the wounded patients, who were not as dumb as they had pretended. The patients saluted the visitors, covered themselves with sheets and, without signing the required release forms, left the hospital with their visitors. Today there is no doubt in my mind that the anti-Jewish riots of 1941 were orchestrated by the British for geopolitical ends. David Kimche is certainly a man who was in a position to know the truth, and he has spoken publicly about British culpability. Kimche had been with British Intelligence during WW II and with the Mossad after the war. Later he became Director General of Israel's Foreign Ministry, the position he held in 1982 when he addressed a forum at the British Institute for International Affairs in London. In responding to hostile questions about Israel's invasion of Lebanon and the refugee camp massacres in Beirut, Kimche went on the attack, reminding the audience that there was scant concern in the British Foreign Office when British Gurkha units participated in the murder of 500 Jews in the streets of Baghdad in 1941.   The Bombings of 1950-1951      The anti-Jewish riots of 1941 did more than create a pretext for the British to enter Baghdad to reinstate the pro-British regent and his pro-British prime minister, Nouri el-Said. They also gave the Zionists in Palestine a pretext to set up a Zionist underground in Iraq, first in Baghdad, then in other cities such as Basra, Amara, Hillah, Diwaneia, Abril and Karkouk. Following WW II, a succession of governments held brief power in Iraq. Zionist conquests in Palestine, particularly the massacre of Palestinians in the village of Deir Yassin, emboldened the anti-British movement in Iraq. When the Iraqi government signed a new treaty of friendship with London in January 1948, riots broke out all over the country. The treaty was quickly abandoned and Baghdad demanded removal of the British military mission that had run Iraq's army for 27 years. Later in 1948, Baghdad sent an army detachment to Palestine to fight the Zionists, and when Israel declared independence in May, Iraq closed the pipeline that fed its oil to Haifa's refinery. Abd al-Ilah, however, was still regent and the British quisling, Nouri el-Said, was back as prime minister. I was in the Abu-Greib prison in 1948, where I would remain until my escape to Iran in September 1949. Six months later-the exact date was March 19, 1950-a bomb went off at the American Cultural Center and Library in Baghdad, causing property damage and injuring a number of people. The center was a favorite meeting place for young Jews. The first bomb thrown directly at Jews occurred on April 8, 1950, at 9:15 p.m. A car with three young passengers hurled the grenade at Baghdad's El-Dar El-Bida Café, where Jews were celebrating Passover. Four people were seriously injured. That night leaflets were distributed calling on Jews to leave Iraq immediately. The next day, many Jews, most of them poor with nothing to lose, jammed emigration offices to renounce their citizenship and to apply for permission to leave for Israel. So many applied, in fact, that the police had to open registration offices in Jewish schools and synagogues. On May 10, at 3 a.m., a grenade was tossed in the direction of the display window of the Jewish-owned Beit-Lawi Automobile Company, destroying part of the building. No casualties were reported. On June 3, 1950, another grenade was tossed from a speeding car in the El-Batawin area of Baghdad where most rich Jews and middle class Iraqis lived. No one was hurt, but following the explosion Zionist activists sent telegrams to Israel requesting that the quota for immigration from Iraq be increased. On June 5, at 2:30 a.m., a bomb exploded next to the Jewish-owned Stanley Shashua building on El-Rashid street, resulting in property damage but no casualties. On January 14, 1951, at 7 p.m., a grenade was thrown at a group of Jews outside the Masouda Shem-Tov Synagogue. The explosive struck a high-voltage cable, electrocuting three Jews, one a young boy, Itzhak Elmacher, and wounding over 30 others. Following the attack, the exodus of Jews jumped to between 600-700 per day. Zionist propagandists still maintain that the bombs in Iraq were set off by anti-Jewish Iraqis who wanted Jews out of their country. The terrible truth is that the grenades that killed and maimed Iraqi Jews and damaged their property were thrown by Zionist Jews. Among the most important documents in my book, I believe, are copies of two leaflets published by the Zionist underground calling on Jews to leave Iraq. One is dated March 16, 1950, the other April 8, 1950. The difference between these two is critical. Both indicate the date of publication, but only the April 8th leaflet notes the time of day: 4 p.m. Why the time of day? Such a specification was unprecedented. Even the investigating judge, Salaman El-Beit, found it suspicious. Did the 4 p.m. writers want an alibi for a bombing they knew would occur five hours later? If so, how did they know about the bombing? The judge concluded they knew because a connection existed between the Zionist underground and the bomb throwers. This, too, was the conclusion of Wilbur Crane Eveland, a former senior officer in the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), whom I had the opportunity to meet in New York in 1988. In his book, Ropes of Sand, whose publication the CIA opposed, Eveland writes: In attempts to portray the Iraqis as anti-American and to terrorize the Jews, the Zionists planted bombs in the U.S. Information Service library and in synagogues. Soon leaflets began to appear urging Jews to flee to Israel. . . . Although the Iraqi police later provided our embassy with evidence to show that the synagogue and library bombings, as well as the anti-Jewish and anti-American leaflet campaigns, had been the work of an underground Zionist organization, most of the world believed reports that Arab terrorism had motivated the flight of the Iraqi Jews whom the Zionists had "rescued" really just in order to increase Israel's Jewish population." Eveland doesn't detail the evidence linking the Zionists to the attacks, but in my book I do. In 1955, for example, I organized in Israel a panel of Jewish attorneys of Iraqi origin to handle claims of Iraqi Jews who still had property in Iraq. One well known attorney, who asked that I not give his name, confided in me that the laboratory tests in Iraq had confirmed that the anti-American leaflets found at the American Cultural Center bombing were typed on the same typewriter and duplicated on the same stenciling machine as the leaflets distributed by the Zionist movement just before the April 8th bombing. Tests also showed that the type of explosive used in the Beit-Lawi attack matched traces of explosives found in the suitcase of an Iraqi Jew by the name of Yosef Basri. Basri, a lawyer, together with Shalom Salih, a shoemaker, would be put on trial for the attacks in December 1951 and executed the following month. Both men were members of Hashura, the military arm of the Zionist underground. Salih ultimately confessed that he, Basri and a third man, Yosef Habaza, carried out the attacks. By the time of the executions in January 1952, all but 6,000 of an estimated 125,000 Iraqi Jews had fled to Israel. Moreover, the pro-British, pro-Zionist puppet el-Said saw to it that all of their possessions were frozen, including their cash assets. (There were ways of getting Iraqi dinars out, but when the immigrants went to exchange them in Israel they found that the Israeli government kept 50 percent of the value.) Even those Iraqi Jews who had not registered to emigrate, but who happened to be abroad, faced loss of their nationality if they didn't return within a specified time. An ancient, cultured, prosperous community had been uprooted and its people transplanted to a land dominated by East European Jews, whose culture was not only foreign but entirely hateful to them.   The Ultimate Criminals      Zionist Leaders: From the start they knew that in order to establish a Jewish state they had to expel the indigenous Palestinian population to the neighboring Islamic states and import Jews from these same states. * Theodor Herzl, the architect of Zionism, thought it could be done by social engineering. In his diary entry for 12 June 1885, he wrote that Zionist settlers would have to "spirit the penniless population across the border by procuring employment for it in the transit countries, while denying it any employment in our own country." * Vladimir Jabotinsky, Prime Minister Netanyahu's ideological progenitor, frankly admitted that such a transfer of populations could only be brought about by force. * David Ben Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, told a Zionist Conference in 1937 that any proposed Jewish state would have to "transfer Arab populations out of the area, if possible of their own free will, if not by coercion." After 750,000 Palestinians were uprooted and their lands confiscated in 1948-49, Ben Gurion had to look to the Islamic countries for Jews who could fill the resultant cheap labor market. "Emissaries" were smuggled into these countries to "convince" Jews to leave either by trickery or fear. In the case of Iraq, both methods were used: uneducated Jews were told of a Messianic Israel in which the blind see, the lame walk, and onions grow as big as melons; educated Jews had bombs thrown at them. A few years after the bombings, in the early 1950s, a book was published in Iraq, in Arabic, titled Venom of the Zionist Viper. The author was one of the Iraqi investigators of the 1950-51 bombings and, in his book, he implicates the Israelis, specifically one of the emissaries sent by Israel, Mordechai Ben-Porat. As soon as the book came out, all copies just disappeared, even from libraries. The word was that agents of the Israeli Mossad, working through the U.S. Embassy, bought up all the books and destroyed them. I tried on three different occasions to have one sent to me in Israel, but each time Israeli censors in the post office intercepted it.    British Leaders: Britain always acted in its best colonial interests. For that reason Foreign Minister Arthur Balfour sent his famous 1917 letter to Lord Rothschild in exchange for Zionist support in WW I. During WW II the British were primarily concerned with keeping their client states in the Western camp, while Zionists were most concerned with the immigration of European Jews to Palestine, even if this meant cooperating with the Nazis. (In my book I document numerous instances of such dealings by Ben Gurion and the Zionist leadership.) After WW II the international chessboard pitted communists against capitalists. In many countries, including the United States and Iraq, Jews represented a large part of the Communist party. In Iraq, hundreds of Jews of the working intelligentsia occupied key positions in the hierarchy of the Communist and Socialist parties. To keep their client countries in the capitalist camp, Britain had to make sure these governments had pro-British leaders. And if, as in Iraq, these leaders were overthrown, then an anti-Jewish riot or two could prove a useful pretext to invade the capital and reinstate the "right" leaders. Moreover, if the possibility existed of removing the communist influence from Iraq by transferring the whole Jewish community to Israel, well then, why not? Particularly if the leaders of Israel and Iraq conspired in the deed.    The Iraqi Leaders: Both the regent Abd al-Ilah and his prime minister Nouri el- Said took directions from London. Toward the end of 1948, el-Said, who had already met with Israel's Prime Minister Ben Gurion in Vienna, began discussing with his Iraqi and British associates the need for an exchange of populations. Iraq would send the Jews in military trucks to Israel via Jordan, and Iraq would take in some of the Palestinians Israel had been evicting. His proposal included mutual confiscation of property. London nixed the idea as too radical. El-Said then went to his back-up plan and began to create the conditions that would make the lives of Iraqi Jews so miserable they would leave for Israel. Jewish government employees were fired from their jobs; Jewish merchants were denied import/export licenses; police began to arrest Jews for trivial reasons. Still the Jews did not leave in any great numbers. In September 1949, Israel sent the spy Mordechai Ben-Porat, the one mentioned in Venom of the Zionist Viper, to Iraq. One of the first things Ben-Porat did was to approach el-Said and promise him financial incentives to have a law enacted that would lift the citizenship of Iraqi Jews. Soon after, Zionist and Iraqi representatives began formulating a rough draft of the bill, according to the model dictated by Israel through its agents in Baghdad. The bill was passed by the Iraqi parliament in March 1950. It empowered the government to issue one-time exit visas to Jews wishing to leave the country. In March, the bombings began. Sixteen years later, the Israeli magazine Haolam Hazeh, published by Uri Avnery, then a Knesset member, accused Ben-Porat of the Baghdad bombings. Ben-Porat, who would become a Knesset member himself, denied the charge, but never sued the magazine for libel. And Iraqi Jews in Israel still call him Morad Abu al-Knabel, Mordechai of the Bombs. As I said, all this went well beyond the comprehension of a teenager. I knew Jews were being killed and an organization existed that could lead us to the Promised Land. So I helped in the exodus to Israel. Later, on occasions, I would bump into some of these Iraqi Jews in Israel. Not infrequently they'd express the sentiment that they could kill me for what I had done.   Opportunities for Peace      After the Israeli attack on the Jordanian village of Qibya in October, 1953, Ben Gurion went into voluntary exile at the Sedeh Boker kibbutz in the Negev. The Labor party then used to organize many buses for people to go visit him there, where they would see the former prime minister working with sheep. But that was only for show. Really he was writing his diary and continuing to be active behind the scenes. I went on such a tour. We were told not to try to speak to Ben Gurion, but when I saw him, I asked why, since Israel is a democracy with a parliament, does it not have a constitution? Ben Gurion said, "Look, boy"-I was 24 at the time-"if we have a constitution, we have to write in it the border of our country. And this is not our border, my dear." I asked, "Then where is the border?" He said, "Wherever the Sahal will come, this is the border." Sahal is the Israeli army. Ben Gurion told the world that Israel accepted the partition and the Arabs rejected it. Then Israel took half of the land that was promised to the Arab state. And still he was saying it was not enough. Israel needed more land. How can a country make peace with its neighbors if it wants to take their land? How can a country demand to be secure if it won't say what borders it will be satisfied with? For such a country, peace would be an inconvenience. I know now that from the beginning many Arab leaders wanted to make peace with Israel, but Israel always refused. Ben Gurion covered this up with propaganda. He said that the Arabs wanted to drive Israel into the sea and he called Gamal Abdel Nasser the Hitler of the Middle East whose foremost intent was to destroy Israel. He wanted America and Great Britain to treat Nasser like a pariah. In 1954, it seemed that America was getting less critical of Nasser. Then during a three-week period in July, several terrorist bombs were set off: at the United States Information Agency offices in Cairo and Alexandria, a British-owned theater, and the central post office in Cairo. An attempt to firebomb a cinema in Alexandria failed when the bomb went off in the pocket of one of the perpetrators. That led to the discovery that the terrorists were not anti-Western Egyptians, but were instead Israeli spies bent on souring the warming relationship between Egypt and the United States in what came to be known as the Lavon Affair. Ben Gurion was still living on his kibbutz. Moshe Sharett as prime minister was in contact with Abdel Nasser through the offices of Lord Maurice Orbach of Great Britain. Sharett asked Nasser to be lenient with the captured spies, and Nasser did all that was in his power to prevent a deterioration of the situation between the two countries. Then Ben Gurion returned as Defense Minister in February, 1955. Later that month Israeli troops attacked Egyptian military camps and Palestinian refugees in Gaza, killing 54 and injuring many more. The very night of the attack, Lord Orbach was on his way to deliver a message to Nasser, but was unable to get through because of the military action. When Orbach telephoned, Nasser's secretary told him that the attack proved that Israel did not want peace and that he was wasting his time as a mediator. In November, Ben Gurion announced in the Knesset that he was willing to meet with Abdel Nasser anywhere and at any time for the sake of peace and understanding. The next morning the Israeli military attacked an Egyptian military camp in the Sabaha region. Although Nasser felt pessimistic about achieving peace with Israel, he continued to send other mediators to try. One was through the American Friends Service Committee; another via the Prime Minister of Malta, Dom Minthoff; and still another through Marshall Tito of Yugoslavia. One that looked particularly promising was through Dennis Hamilton, editor of The London Times. Nasser told Hamilton that if only he could sit and talk with Ben Gurion for two or three hours, they would be able to settle the conflict and end the state of war between the two countries. When word of this reached Ben Gurion, he arranged to meet with Hamilton. They decided to pursue the matter with the Israeli ambassador in London, Arthur Luria, as liaison. On Hamilton's third trip to Egypt, Nasser met him with the text of a Ben Gurion speech stating that Israel would not give up an inch of land and would not take back a single refugee. Hamilton knew that Ben Gurion with his mouth had undermined a peace mission and missed an opportunity to settle the Israeli-Arab conflict. Nasser even sent his friend Ibrahim Izat of the Ruz El Yusuf weekly paper to meet with Israeli leaders in order to explore the political atmosphere and find out why the attacks were taking place if Israel really wanted peace. One of the men Izat met with was Yigal Yadin, a former Chief of Staff of the army who wrote this letter to me on 14 January 1982: Dear Mr. Giladi: Your letter reminded me of an event which I nearly forgot and of which I remember only a few details. Ibrahim Izat came to me if I am not mistaken under the request of the Foreign Ministry or one of its branches; he stayed in my house and we spoke for many hours. I do not remember him saying that he came on a mission from Nasser, but I have no doubt that he let it be understood that this was with his knowledge or acquiescence.... When Nasser decided to nationalize the Suez Canal in spite of opposition from the British and the French, Radio Cairo announced in Hebrew: If the Israeli government is not influenced by the British and the French imperialists, it will eventually result in greater understanding between the two states, and Egypt will reconsider Israel's request to have access to the Suez Canal. Israel responded that it had no designs on Egypt, but at that very moment Israeli representatives were in France planning the three-way attack that was to take place in October, 1956. All the while, Ben Gurion continued to talk about the Hitler of the Middle East. This brainwashing went on until late September, 1970, when Gamal Abdel Nasser passed away. Then, miracle of miracles, David Ben Gurion told the press: A week before he died I received an envoy from Abdel Nasser who asked to meet with me urgently in order to solve the problems between Israel and the Arab world. The public was surprised because they didn't know that Abdel Nasser had wanted this all along, but Israel sabotaged it. Nasser was not the only Arab leader who wanted to make peace with Israel. There were many others. Brigadier General Abdel Karim Qasem, before he seized power in Iraq in July, 1958, headed an underground organization that sent a delegation to Israel to make a secret agreement. Ben Gurion refused even to see him. I learned about this when I was a journalist in Israel. But whenever I tried to publish even a small part of it, the censor would stamp it "Not Allowed." Now, in Netanyahu, we are witnessing another attempt by an Israeli prime minister to fake an interest in making peace. Netanyahu and the Likud are setting Arafat up by demanding that he institute more and more repressive measures in the interest of Israeli "security." Sooner or later I suspect the Palestinians will have had enough of Arafat's strong-arm methods as Israel's quisling-and he'll be killed. Then the Israeli government will say, "See, we were ready to give him everything. You can't trust those Arabs-they kill each other. Now there's no one to even talk to about peace."   Conclusion      Alexis de Tocqueville once observed that it is easier for the world to accept a simple lie than a complex truth. Certainly it has been easier for the world to accept the Zionist lie that Jews were evicted from Muslim lands because of anti-Semitism, and that Israelis, never the Arabs, were the pursuers of peace. The truth is far more discerning: bigger players on the world stage were pulling the strings. These players, I believe, should be held accountable for their crimes, particularly when they willfully terrorized, dispossessed and killed innocent people on the altar of some ideological imperative. I believe, too, that the descendants of these leaders have a moral responsibility to compensate the victims and their descendants, and to do so not just with reparations, but by setting the historical record straight. That is why I established a panel of inquiry in Israel to seek reparations for Iraqi Jews who had been forced to leave behind their property and possessions in Iraq. That is why I joined the Black Panthers in confronting the Israeli government with the grievances of the Jews in Israel who came from Islamic lands. And that is why I have written my book and this article: to set the historical record straight. We Jews from Islamic lands did not leave our ancestral homes because of any natural enmity between Jews and Muslims. And we Arabs-I say Arab because that is the language my wife and I still speak at home-we Arabs on numerous occasions have sought peace with the State of the Jews. And finally, as a U.S. citizen and taxpayer, let me say that we Americans need to stop supporting racial discrimination in Israel and the cruel expropriation of lands in the West Bank, Gaza, South Lebanon and the Golan Heights.     ENDNOTES Mileshtin was quoted by the Israeli daily, Hadashot, in an article published August 13, 1993. The writer, Sarah Laybobis-Dar, interviewed a number of Israelis who had knowledge of the use of bacteriological weapons in the 1948 war. Mileshtin said bacteria was used to poison the wells of every village emptied of its Arab inhabitants.   On Sept. 12, 1990, the New York State Supreme Court issued a restraining order at the request of the Israeli government to prevent publication of Ostrovsky's book, "By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer." The New York State Appeals Court lifted the ban the next day.   Marion Woolfson, "Prophets in Babylon: Jews in the Arab World," p. 129   Yosef Meir, "Road in the Desert," Israeli Defense Ministry, p. 36.   See my book, "Ben Gurion's Scandals," p. 105.   Wilbur Crane Eveland, "Ropes of Sand: America's Failure in the Middle East," NY; Norton, 1980, pp. 48-49.   T. Herzl, "The Complete Diaries," NY: Herzl Press & Thomas Yoncloff, 1960, vol. 1, p. 88.   Report of the Congress of the World Council of Paole Zion, Zurich, July 29-August 7, 1937, pp. 73-74
Boycott Bordeaux
Boycott Bordeaux shared a link. August 9, 2010 Wikipedia Bordeaux wine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia en.wikipedia.org A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. Average vintages produce over 700 million bottles of Bordeaux wine, ranging from large quantities of everyday table wine, to some of the most expensive and prestigious wines in the world. 89% of wine produced in Bordeaux is red ( August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabernet_Sauvignon Cabernet Sauvignon - Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates from Canada's Okanagan Valley to Lebanon's Beqaa Valley. Cabernet Sauvignon became internationally recognized throug... Like ·  · August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mouton_Cadet Mouton Cadet - Mouton Cadet is the brand name of a popular range of modestly priced, generic Bordeaux wines, considered Bordeaux' most successful brand.[1][2] Created by Baron Philippe de Rothschild of the Rothschild banking dynasty, the wine named after his premier cru vineyard Château Mouton Rothschild, Mouton C...  · August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israeli_wine Israeli wine - Israeli wine is produced by hundreds of wineries, ranging in size from small boutique enterprises to large companies producing over ten million bottles per year. Wine has been produced in the Land of Israel since biblical times. In 2009 Israel exports over $22 million worth of wine annually.[1] Stat... August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_Clarke Château Clarke - Château Clarke is a wine property of Bordeaux of 54hectares (130 acres) based in the Listrac-Médoc AOC and classified as Cru Bourgeois. Like ·  · August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_Lafite_Rothschild Château Lafite Rothschild - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia en.wikipedia.org Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild banking family of France since the 19th century. The name Lafite comes from the Gascon term "la hite" meaning "small hill". Like ·  · August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_Duhart-Milon Château Duhart-Milon - Château Duhart-Milon, previously also Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild, is a winery in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux region of France. The wine produced here was classified as one of ten Quatrièmes Crus Classés (Fourth Growths) in the historic Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.... Like ·  ·  August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Schloss_Rothschild_Reichenau_1.jpg File:Schloss Rothschild Reichenau 1.jpg - This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Waddesdon_paterre.jpg File:Waddesdon paterre.jpg -  August 9, 2010 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_Mouton_Rothschild Château Mouton Rothschild - Château Mouton Rothschild is a wine estate located in the village of Pauillac in the Médoc, 50km (30mi) north-west of the city of Bordeaux, France. Its red wine of the same name is regarded as one of the world's greatest clarets. Originally known as Château Brane-Mouton it was renamed by Nathaniel d... Like ·  · August 8, 2010 The primary motivation for this group, is to encourage people worldwide to boycott Bordeaux Red wine, and the red wines from the surrounding regions of France, in order to boycott the produce of the Rothschild family who own these regions, ...See More rothschild bordeaux -
PakAlertPress Six Zionist Companies Own 96% of the World's Media
The largest media conglomerate today is Walt Disney Company, whose chairman and CEO, Michael Eisner, is a Jew. The Disney Empire, headed by a man described by one media analyst as a “control freak”, includes several television production companies (Walt Disney TelevisionTouchstone Television,Buena Vista Television), its own cable network with 14 million subscribers, and two video production companies. As for feature films, the Walt Disney Picture Group, headed by Joe Roth (also a Jew), includes Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, and Caravan Pictures. Disney also owns Miramax Films, run by the Weinstein brothers. When the Disney Company was run by the Gentile Disney family prior to its takeover by Eisner in 1984, it epitomized wholesome, family entertainment. While it still holds the rights to Snow White, under Eisner, the company has expanded into the production of graphic sex and violence. In addition, it has 225 affiliated stations in the United States and is part owner of several European TV companies. ABC’s cable subsidiary, ESPN, is headed by president and CEO Steven Bornstein, a Jew. This corporation also has a controlling share of Lifetime Television and the Arts & Entertainment Network cable companies. ABC Radio Network owns eleven AM and ten FM stations, again in major cities such as New York, Washington, Los Angeles, and has over 3,400 affiliates. Although primarily a telecommunications company, Capital Cities/ABC earned over $1 billion in publishing in 1994. It owns seven daily newspapers, Fairchild Publications, Chilton Publications, and the Diversified Publishing Group. Time Warner, Inc, is the second of the international media leviathans. The chairman of the board and CEO, Gerald Levin, is a Jew. Time Warner’s subsidiary HBO is the country’s largest pay-TV cable network. Warner Music is by far the world’s largest record company, with 50 labels, the biggest of which is Warner Brothers Records, headed by Danny Goldberg. Stuart Hersch is president of Warnervision, Warner Music’s video production unit. Goldberg and Hersch are Jews. Warner Music was an early promoter of “gangsta rap.” Through its involvement with Interscope Records, it helped popularize a genre whose graphic lyrics explicitly urge Blacks to commit acts of violence against Whites. In addition to cable and music, Time Warner is heavily involved in the production of feature films (Warner Brothers Studio) and publishing. Time Warner’s publishing division (editor-in-chief Norman Pearlstine, a Jew) is the largest magazine publisher in the country (Time, Sports Illustrated, People, Fortune). When Ted Turner, a Gentile, made a bid to buy CBS in 1985, there was panic in media boardrooms across the nation. Turner made a fortune in advertising and then had built a successful cable-TV news network, CNN. Although Turner employed a number of Jews in key executive positions in CNN and had never taken public positions contrary to Jewish interests, he is a man with a large ego and a strong personality and was regarded by Chairman William Paley (real name Palinsky, a Jew) and the other Jews at CBS as uncontrollable: a loose cannon who might at some time in the future turn against them. Furthermore, Jewish newsman Daniel Schorr, who had worked for Turner, publicly charged that his former boss held a personal dislike for Jews. To block Turner’s bid, CBS executives invited billionaire Jewish theater, hotel, insurance, and cigarette magnate Laurence Tisch to launch a “friendly” takeover of the company, and from 1986 till 1995 Tisch was the chairman and CEO of CBS, removing any threat of non-Jewish influence there. Subsequent efforts by Turner to acquire a major network have been obstructed by Levin’s Time Warner, which owns nearly 20 percent of CBS stock and has veto power over major deals. Viacom, Inc, headed by Sumner Redstone (born Murray Rothstein), a Jew, is the third largest megamedia corporation in the country, with revenues of over $10 billion a year. Viacom, which produces and distributes TV programs for the three largest networks, owns 12 television stations and 12 radio stations. It produces feature films through Paramount Pictures, headed by Jewess Sherry Lansing. Its publishing division includes Prentice Hall, Simon & Schuster, and Pocket Books. It distributes videos through over 4,000 Blockbuster stores. Viacom’s chief claim to fame, however, is as the world’s largest provider of cable programming, through its Showtime, MTV, Nickelodeon, and other networks. Since 1989, MTV and Nickelodeon have acquired larger and larger shares of the younger television audience. With the top three, and by far the largest, media companies in the hand of Jews, it is difficult to believe that such an overwhelming degree of control came about without a deliberate, concerted effort on their part. What about the other big media companies? Number four on the list is Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation, which owns Fox Television and 20th Century Fox Films. Murdoch is a Gentile, but Peter Chermin, who heads Murdoch’s film studio and also oversees his TV production, is a Jew. Number five is the Japanese Sony Corporation, whose U.S. subsidiary, Sony Corporation of America, is run by Michael Schulhof, a Jew. Alan Levine, another Jew, heads the Sony Pictures division. Most of the television and movie production companies that are not owned by the largest corporations are also controlled by Jews. For example, New World Entertainment, proclaimed by one media analyst as “the premiere independent TV program producer in the United States,” is owned by Ronald Perelman, a Jew. The best known of the smaller media companies, Dreamworks SKG, is a strictly kosher affair. Dream Works was formed in 1994 amid great media hype by recording industry mogul David Geffen, former Disney Pictures chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, and film director Steven Spielberg, all three of whom are Jews. The company produces movies, animated films, television programs, and recorded music. Two other large production companies, MCA and Universal Pictures, are both owned by Seagram Company, Ltd. The president and CEO of Seagram, the liquor giant, is Edgar Bronfman Jr., who is also president of the World Jewish Congress. It is well known that Jews have controlled the production and distribution of films since the inception of the movie industry in the early decades of the 20th century. This is still the case today. Films produced by just the five largest motion picture companies mentioned above-Disney, Warner Brothers, Sony, Paramount (Viacom), and Universal (Seagram)-accounted for 74 per cent of the total box-office receipts for the first eight months of 1995. The big three in television network broadcasting used to be ABC, CBS, and NBC. With the consolidation of the media empires, these three are no longer independent entities. While they were independent, however, each was controlled by a Jew since its inception: ABC by Leonard Goldenson, CBS first by William Paley and then by Lawrence Tisch, and NBC first by David Sarnoff and then by his son Robert. Over periods of several decades, these networks were staffed from top to bottom with Jews, and the essential Jewishness of network television did not change when the networks were absorbed by other corporations. The Jewish presence in television news remains particularly strong. As noted, ABC is part of Eisner’s Disney Company, and the executive producers of ABC’s news programs are all Jews: Victor Neufeld (20-20), Bob Reichbloom (Good Morning America), and Rick Kaplan (World News Tonight). CBS was recently purchased by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Nevertheless, the man appointed by Lawrence Tisch, Eric Ober, remains president of CBS News, and Ober is a Jew. At NBC, now owned by General Electric, NBC News president Andrew Lack is a Jew, as are executive producers Jeff Zucker (Today), Jeff Gralnick (NBC Nightly News), and Neal Shapiro (Dateline). The Print Media After television news, daily newspapers are the most influential information medium in America. Sixty million of them are sold (and presumably read) each day. These millions are divided among some 1,500 different publications. One might conclude that the sheer number of different newspapers across America would provide a safeguard against Jewish control and distortion. However, this is not the case. There is less independence, less competition, and much less representation of our interests than a casual observer would think. The days when most cities and even towns had several independently owned newspapers published by local people with close ties to the community are gone. Today, most “local” newspapers are owned by a rather small number of large companies controlled by executives who live and work hundreds or ever thousands of miles away. The fact is that only about 25 per cent of the country’s 1,500 papers are independently owned; the rest belong to multi-newspaper chains. Only a handful are large enough to maintain independent reporting staffs outside their own communities; the rest depend on these few for all of their national and international news. The Newhouse empire of Jewish brothers Samuel and Donald Newhouse provides an example of more than the lack of real competition among America’s daily newspapers: it also illustrates the insatiable appetite Jews have shown for all the organs of opinion control on which they could fasten their grip. The Newhouses own 26 daily newspapers, including several large and important ones, such as the Cleveland Plain Dealer, the Newark Star-Ledger, and the New Orleans Times-Picayune; the nation’s largest trade book publishing conglomerate, Random House, with all its subsidiaries; Newhouse Broadcasting, consisting of 12 television broadcasting stations and 87 cable-TV systems, including some of the country’s largest cable networks; the Sunday supplement Parade, with a circulation of more than 22 million copies per week; some two dozen major magazines, including the New Yorker, Vogue, Madmoiselle, Glamour, Vanity Fair, Bride’s, Gentlemen’s Quarterly, Self, House & Garden, and all the other magazines of the wholly owned Conde Nast group. This Jewish media empire was founded by the late Samuel Newhouse, an immigrant from Russia. The gobbling up of so many newspapers by the Newhouse family was in large degree made possible by the fact that newspapers are not supported by their subscribers, but by their advertisers. It is advertising revenue–not the small change collected from a newspaper’s readers–that largely pays the editor’s salary and yields the owner’s profit. Whenever the large advertisers in a city choose to favor one newspaper over another with their business, the favored newspaper will flourish while its competitor dies. Since the beginning of the 20th century, when Jewish mercantile power in America became a dominant economic force, there has been a steady rise in the number o f American newspapers in Jewish hands, accompanied by a steady decline in the number of competing Gentile newspapers–primarily as a result of selective advertising policies by Jewish merchants. Furthermore, even those newspapers still under Gentile ownership and management are so thoroughly dependent upon Jewish advertising revenue that their editorial and news reporting policies are largely constrained by Jewish likes and dislikes. It holds true in the newspaper business as elsewhere that he who pays the piper calls the tune. See: Mainstream Pakistani media and their links with NeoCon Zionists Three Jewish Newspapers The suppression of competition and the establishment of local monopolies on the dissemination of news and opinion have characterized the rise of Jewish control over America’s newspapers. The resulting ability of the Jews to use the press as an unopposed instrument of Jewish policy could hardly be better illustrated than by the examples of the nation’s three most prestigious and influential newspapers: the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post. These three, dominating America’s financial and political capitals, are the newspapers which set the trends and the guidelines for nearly all the others. They are the ones which decide what is news and what isn’t, at the national and international levels. They originate the news; the others merely copy it, and all three newspapers are in Jewish hands. The New York Times was founded in 1851 by two Gentiles, Henry Raymond and George Jones. After their deaths, it was purchased in 1896 from Jones’s estate by a wealthy Jewish publisher, Adolph Ochs. His great-grandson, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr., is the paper’s current publisher and CEO. The executive editor is Max Frankel, and the managing editor is Joseph Lelyveld. Both of the latter are also Jews. The Sulzberger family also owns, through the New York Times Co., 33 other newspapers, including the Boston Globe; twelve magazines, including McCall’s and Family Circle with circulations of more than 5 million each; seven radio and TV broadcasting stations; a cable-TV system; and three book publishing companies. The New York Times News Service transmits news stories, features, and photographs from the New York Times by wire to 506 other newspapers, news agencies, and magazines. Of similar national importance is the Washington Post, which, by establishing its “leaks” throughout government agencies in Washington, has an inside track on news involving the Federal government. The Washington Post, like the New York Times, had a non-Jewish origin. It was established in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins, purchased from him in 1905 by John McLean, and later inherited by Edward McLean. In June 1933, however, at the height of the Great Depression, the newspaper was forced into bankruptcy. It was purchased at a bankruptcy auction by Eugene Meyer, a Jewish financier. The Washington Post is now run by Katherine Meyer Graham, Eugene Meyer’s daughter. She is the principal stockholder and the board chairman of the Washington Post Co. In 1979, she appointed her son Donald publisher of the paper. He now also holds the posts of president and CEO of the Washington Post Co. The Washington Post Co. has a number of other media holdings in newspapers, television, and magazines, most notably the nation’s number-two weekly newsmagazine, Newsweek. The Wall Street Journal, which sells 1.8 million copies each weekday, is the nation’s largest-circulation daily newspaper. It is owned by Dow Jones & Company, Inc., a New York corporation which also publishes 24 other daily newspapers and the weekly financial tabloid Barron’s, among other things. The chairman and CEO of Dow Jones is Peter Kann, who is a Jew. Kann also holds the posts of chairman and publisher of the Wall Street Journal. Most of New York’s other major newspapers are in no better hands than the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. The New York Daily News is owned by Jewish real-estate developer Mortimer B. Zuckerman. The Village Voice is the personal property of Leonard Stern, the billionaire Jewish owner of the Hartz Mountain pet supply firm. Other Mass Media The story is pretty much the same for other media as it is for television, radio, and newspapers. Consider, for example, newsmagazines. There are only three of any note published in the United States: Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News and World Report. Time, with a weekly circulation of 4.1 million, is published by a susidiary of Time Warner Communications. The CEO of Time Warner Communications, as mentioned above, is Gerald Levin, a Jew. Newsweek, as mentioned above, is published by the Washington Post Company, under the Jewess Katherine Meyer Graham. Its weekly circulation is 3.2 million. U.S. News & World Report, with a weekly circulation of 2.3 million, is owned and published by Mortimer Zuckerman, a Jew. Zuckerman also owns the Atlantic Monthly and New York’s tabloid newspaper, the Daily News, which is the sixth-largest paper in the country. Among the giant book-publishing conglomerates, the situation is also Jewish. Three of the six largest book publishers in the U.S., according to Publisher’s Weekly, are owned or controlled by Jews. The three are first-place Random House (with its many subsidiaries, including Crown Publishing Group), third-place Simon & Schuster, and sixth-place Time Warner Trade Group (including Warner Books and Little, Brown). Another publisher of special significance is Western Publishing. Although it ranks only 13th in size among all U.S. publishers, it ranks first among publishers of children’s books, with more than 50 percent of the market. Its chairman and CEO is Richard Snyder, a Jew, who just replaced Richard Bernstein, also a Jew. The Effect of Jewish Control of the Media These are the facts of Jewish media control in America. Anyone willing to spend several hours in a large library can verify their accuracy. I hope that these facts are disturbing to you, to say the least. Should any minority be allowed to wield such awesome power? Certainly, not and allowing a people with beliefs such as expressed in the Talmud, to determine what we get to read or watch in effect gives this small minority the power to mold our minds to suit their own Talmudic interests, interests which as we have demonstrated are diametrically opposed to the interests of our people. By permitting the Jews to control our news and entertainment media, we are doing more than merely giving them a decisive influence on our political system and virtual control of our government; we also are giving them control of the minds and souls of our children, whose attitudes and ideas are shaped more by Jewish television and Jewish films than by their parents, their schools, or any other influence.
150 out of 400 richest are Jewish (Zionist?)

Name

xBillion

City

Means

Lawrence Ellison

27

Redwood City

Oracle

Michael Bloomberg

18

New York

Bloomberg

Sergey Brin

15

Palo Alto

Google

Larry Page

15

San Francisco

Google

Michael Dell

15

Austin

Dell

Steven Ballmer

13

Seattle

Microsoft

George Soros

13

Westchester

hedge funds

Donald Bren

12

Newport Beach

Real estate

Carl Icahn

11

New York

leveraged

Ronald Perelman

10

New York

leveraged buyouts

George Kaiser

10

Tulsa

Oil, gas, banking

Sheldon Adelson

9

Las Vegas

casinos, hotels

James Simons

9

East Setauket

hedge funds

Steven Cohen

6

Greenwich

hedge funds

Eli Broad

5

Los Angeles

investments

Len Blavatnik

5

London

Access Industries

David Geffen

5

Malibu

Movies, music

Ira Rennert

5

New York

investments

Charles Ergen

5

Denver

EchoStar

Stephen Schwarzman

5

New York

investments

Samuel Newhouse

5

New York

publishing

Micky Arison

4

Bal Harbour

Carnival Cruises

Ralph Lauren

4

New York

fashion

Lester Crown

4

Wilmette

investments

Richard LeFrak

4

New York

Real estate

Donald Newhouse

4

Somerset County

publishing

Daniel Ziff

4

New York

inheritance, hedge

Dirk Ziff

4

New York

inheritance, hedge

Robert Ziff

4

New York

inheritance, hedge

Henry Kravis

4

New York

leveraged buyouts

Paul Milstein

4

New York

Emigrant, real estate

Samuel Zell

4

Chicago

Real estate

Leonard N.

4

New York

Real estate

Stanley Druckenmiller

4

Pittsburgh

hedge funds

Bruce Kovner

4

New York

hedge funds

George Roberts

4

San Francisco

leveraged

Riley Bechtel

3

San Francisco

engineering, construction

Stephen Bechtel Jr.

3

San Francisco

engineering, construction

Leonard Lauder

3

New York

Estee Lauder

Theodore Lerner

3

Washington

Real estate

Steven Spielberg

3

Pacific Palisades

movies

Warren Stephens

3

Little Rock

Stephens

David Tepper

3

Milburn

hedge funds

Stephen Ross

3

New York

Real estate

Daniel Och

3

New York

hedge

Haim Saban

3

Beverly Hills

television

Joan Tisch

3

New York

Loews

Edgar Bronfman

3

New York

liquor

Ronald Lauder

3

New York

Estee Lauder

Mitchell Rales

3

Washington

Danaher Corp

Steven Rales

3

Washington

Danaher Corp

David Rubenstein

3

Bethesda

leveraged buyouts

Mark Cuban

2

Dallas

Broadcast.com

Malcolm Glazer

2

Palm Beach

sports teams,

Steve Wynn

2

Las Vegas

casinos, hotels

Tom Gores

2

Beverly Hills

leveraged buyouts

Bruce Wasserstein

2

New York

Wasserstein Perella Lazard

Nicolas Berggruen

2

New York

Investments

Leon Black

2

New York

leveraged buyouts

William Gross

2

Laguna Beach

bonds

Michael Milken

2

Los Angeles

investments

Sumner Redstone

2

Beverly Hills

Viacom

Leslie Wexner

2

New Albany

Limited Brands

Mark Zuckerberg

2

Palo Alto

Facebook

Stewart Rahr

2

New York

Kinray

Alan Casden

2

Beverly Hills

Real estate

Thomas Pritzker

2

Chicago

hotels,

Jerry Speyer

2

New York

Real estate

Israel Englander

2

New York

hedge funds

Penny Pritzker

2

Chicago

hotels, investments

Sheldon Solow

2

New York

Real estate

Robert Friedland

2

Singapore

mining

Henry Samueli

2

Newport Beach

Broadcom

Thomas Friedkin

2

Houston

Gulf States Toyota

Alec Gores

2

Beverly Hills

leveraged buyouts

Irwin Jacobs

2

La Jolla

Qualcomm

Anthony Pritzker

2

Los Angeles

hotels, investments

Jay, Robert Pritzker

2

Evanston

hotels, investments

John Morgridge

2

Portola Valley

Cisco NETA

Isaac Perlmutter

2

Palm Beach

Marvel

Wilma Tisch

2

New York

Loews

Neil Bluhm

2

Chicago

Real estate

Robert Kraft

2

Brookline

New England Patriots

Stephen Mandel

2

Greenwich

hedge funds

Daniel Pritzker

2

Marin County

hotels,

James Pritzker

2

Chicago

hotels, investments

Jean Pritzker

2

Chicago

hotels, investments

John Pritzker

2

San Francisco

hotels, investments

Karen Pritzker

2

New Haven

hotels, investments

Linda Pritzker

2

St. Ignatius

hotels, investments

Marc Rich

2

Meggen

commodities

Lynn Schusterman

2

Tulsa

oil, gas, investments

John Sperling

2

Phoenix

Apollo Group

Mortimer Zuckerman

2

New York

Real estate

George Lindemann

1

Palm Beach

investments

Bernard Marcus

1

Atlanta

Home Depot

S. Daniel Abraham

1

Palm Beach

Slim-Fast

John Arrillaga

1

Palo Alto

Real estate

Alfred Mann

1

Los Angeles

medical devices

Michael Moritz

1

Mountain View

venture capital

Michael Price

1

Far Hills

investments

Tamir Sapir

1

New York

Real estate

Alfred Taubman

1

Bloomfield Hills

Real estate

Ken Fisher

1

Woodside

money management

David Gottesman

1

Rye

investments

Marc Lasry

1

New York

Hedge funds 92nd Street

Edmund Ansin

1

Miami

Sunbeam Broadcasting

Ron Baron

1

New York

money management

Leon Charney

1

New York

Real estate

Glenn Dubin

1

New York

Hedge funds

Donald Fisher

1

San Francisco

Gap Inc

Doris Fisher

1

San Francisco

Gap Inc

Jeremy Jacobs Sr.

1

East Aurora

sports concessions

Gary Michelson

1

Los Angeles

Medical Patents

Arthur Blank

1

Atlanta

Home Depot

Jeffrey Greene

1

Miami Beach

Real estate

Thomas Lee

1

New York

leveraged buyouts

Herbert Simon

1

Indianapolis

Real estate

Peter Sperling

1

Phoenix

Apollo Group

John E. Abele

1

Shelburne

healthcare

Norman Braman

1

Miami

art, car dealerships

John Fisher

1

San Francisco

Gap Inc

Nicholas Pritzker

1

Chicago

hotels, investments

Alexander Rovt

1

Brooklyn

fertilizer

Margaret Whitman

1

Atherton

Ebay

Leon Cooperman

1

Short Hills

Hedge funds

Barry Diller

1

New York

IAC/InterActiveCorp

Joseph Mansueto

1

Chicago

Morningstar

Marc Benioff

1

San Francisco

Salesforce.com

A. James Clark

1

Easton

Construction

Robert Fisher

1

San Francisco

Gap Inc

Alan Gerry

1

Liberty

cable TV

James Irsay

1

Carmel

Indianapolis Colts

Michael Krasny

1

Highland Park

CDW

Daniel Snyder

1

Potomac

Washington Redskins

Henry Swieca

1

New York

Hedge funds

Peter Lewis

1

Coconut Grove

Progressive Corp

Nelson Peltz

1

Bedford

Investments

William Fisher

1

San Francisco

Gap Inc

Pincus Green

1

Jerusalem

commodities

Jeffry Picower

1

Palm Beach

investments

Steven Schonfeld

1

Westbury

Proprietary Trading

Walter Shorenstein

1

San Francisco

Real estate

Evgeny Shvidler

1

London

Millhouse LLC

Charles Zegar

1

New York

Bloomberg

Jeffrey Lurie

0.98

Haverford

Philadelphia Eagles

Nancy Lerner

0.96

Cleveland

inheritance

Norma Lerner

0.96

Cleveland

inheritance

Randolph Lerner

0.96

Cleveland

inheritance

 
 
Wikipedia Tony Blair
Blair joined the Labour Party shortly after graduating from Oxford in 1975. During the early 1980s, he was involved in Labour politics in Hackney South and Shoreditch, where he aligned himself with the "soft left" of the party. He put himself forward as a candidate for the Hackney council elections of 1982 in Queensbridge ward (a safe Labour area), but was not selected.[25] In 1982 Blair was selected as the Labour candidate in the safe Conservative seat of Beaconsfield, where there was a forthcoming by-election. Although Blair lost the Beaconsfield by-election (the only election he lost in his 25-year political career) and he lost 10% of the vote, he acquired a profile within the party. In contrast to his later centrism, Blair made it clear in a letter he wrote to Labour leader Michael Foot in July 1982, that he had "come to Socialism through Marxism" and considered himself on the left. The letter was eventually published in June 2006.[26] With a general election due, Blair had not been selected as a candidate anywhere. He was invited to stand again in Beaconsfield, and was initially inclined to agree but was advised by his head of chambers Derry Irvine to find somewhere else which might be winnable.[27] The situation was complicated by the fact that Labour was fighting a legal action against planned boundary changes, and had selected candidates on the basis of previous boundaries. When the legal challenge failed, the party had to rerun all selections on the new boundaries; most were based on existing seats, but unusually in County Durham a new Sedgefield constituency had been created out of Labour-voting areas which had no obvious predecessor seat.[28] The selection for Sedgefield did not begin until after the 1983 election was called. Blair's initial inquiries discovered that the left was trying to arrange the selection for Les Huckfield, sitting MP for Nuneaton who was trying elsewhere; several sitting MPs displaced by boundary changes were also interested in it. When he discovered the Trimdon branch had not yet made a nomination, Blair visited them and won the support of the branch secretary John Burton, and with Burton's help was nominated by the branch. At the last minute, he was added to the shortlist and won the selection over Les Huckfield. It was the last candidate selection made by Labour before the election, and was made after the Labour Party had issued biographies of all its candidates ("Labour's Election Who's Who").[29] John Burton became Blair's election agent and one of his most trusted and longest-standing allies. Blair's election literature in the 1983 UK general election endorsed left-wing policies that Labour advocated in the early 1980s. He called for Britain to leave the EEC, though he had told his selection conference that he personally favoured continuing membership. He also supported unilateral nuclear disarmament as a member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Blair was helped on the campaign trail by soap opera actress Pat Phoenix, his father-in-law's girlfriend. Blair was elected as MP for Sedgefield despite the party's landslide defeat in the general election. In his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 6 July 1983, Blair stated, "I am a socialist not through reading a textbook that has caught my intellectual fancy, nor through unthinking tradition, but because I believe that, at its best, socialism corresponds most closely to an existence that is both rational and moral. It stands for cooperation, not confrontation; for fellowship, not fear. It stands for equality."[30][31] The Labour Party is declared in its constitution to be a democratic socialist party[32] rather than a social democratic party; Blair himself organised this declaration of Labour to be a socialist party when he dealt with the change to the party's Clause IV in their constitution. Once elected, Blair's political ascent was rapid. He received his first front-bench appointment in 1984 as assistant Treasury spokesman. In May 1985, he appeared on BBC's Question Time, arguing that the Conservative Government's Public Order White Paper was a threat to civil liberties.[33] Blair demanded an inquiry into the Bank of England's decision to rescue the collapsed Johnson Matthey Bank in October 1985. By this time, Blair was aligned with the reforming tendencies in the party (headed by leader Neil Kinnock) and was promoted after the 1987 election to the shadow Trade and Industry team as spokesman on the City of London. In 1987, he stood for election to the Shadow Cabinet, receiving 71 votes.[34] When Kinnock resigned after a Conservative victory in the 1992 election, Blair became Shadow Home Secretary under John Smith. Leader of the Opposition John Smith died suddenly in 1994 of a heart attack. Blair beat John Prescott and Margaret Beckett in the subsequent leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition.[35] As is customary for the holder of that office, Blair was appointed a Privy Councillor.[36] Blair announced at the end of his speech at the 1994 Labour Party conference that he intended to replace Clause IV of the party's constitution with a new statement of aims and values.[35] This involved the deletion of the party's stated commitment to "the common ownership of the means of production and exchange", which was widely interpreted as referring to wholesale nationalisation.[35][37] At a special conference in April 1995, the clause was replaced by a statement that the party is 'democratic socialist'.[37] He inherited the Labour leadership at a time when the party was ascendant over the Tories in the opinion polls since the Tory government's reputation for monetary excellence was left in tatters by the Black Wednesday economic disaster of September 1992. Blair's election as leader saw Labour support surge higher still[38] in spite of the continuing economic recovery and fall in unemployment that the Conservative government (led by John Major) had overseen since the end of the 1990–92 recession.[38] At the 1996 Labour Party conference, Blair stated that his three top priorities on coming to office were "education, education, and education".[39] Aided by the unpopularity of John Major's Conservative government (itself deeply divided over the European Union), "New Labour" won a landslide victory in the 1997 general election, ending 18 years of Conservative Party government, with the heaviest Conservative defeat since 1832.[40] During Smith's leadership of the Labour Party, there were discussions with Paddy Ashdown, the leader of the Liberal Democrats, about forming a coalition government if the next general election resulted in a hung parliament. After Blair became leader, these talks continued – despite virtually every opinion poll since late 1992 having shown Labour with enough support to form a majority. However, the scale of the Labour victory meant that there was ultimately never any need for a coalition.[41] Prime Minister Main article: Premiership of Tony Blair Blair became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 2 May 1997, serving concurrently as First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service and Leader of the Labour Party. The 43-year old Blair became the youngest person to become Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister at the age of 42 in 1812.[42] With victories in 1997, 2001, and 2005, Blair was the Labour Party's longest-serving prime minister, the only person to lead the party to three consecutive general election victories. Northern Ireland Blair addressing a crowd in Armagh in 1998 His contribution towards assisting the Northern Ireland Peace Process by helping to negotiate the Good Friday Agreement (after 30 years of conflict) was widely recognised.[43][44] Following the Omagh Bombing on 15 August 1998, by members of the Real IRA opposed to the peace process, which killed 29 people and wounded hundreds, Blair visited the County Tyrone town and met with victims at Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast.[45] Military intervention and the War on Terror In his first six years in office Blair ordered British troops into battle five times, more than any other prime minister in British history. This included Iraq in both 1998 and 2003, Kosovo (1999), Sierra Leone (2000) and Afghanistan (2001).[46] The Kosovo War, which Blair had advocated on moral grounds, was initially a failure when it relied solely on air strikes; the threat of a ground offensive would convince Serbia's Slobodan Milošević to withdraw. Blair had been a major advocate for a ground offensive, which Bill Clinton was reluctant to do, and would order that 50,000 soldiers – most of the available British Army – should be made ready for action.[47] The following year, the limited Operation Palliser in Sierra Leone would swiftly swing the tide against the rebel forces; before deployment, the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone had been on the verge of collapse.[48] Palliser had been intended as an evacuation mission but Brigadier David Richards (now General Sir) was able to convince Blair to allow him to expand the role; at the time, Richards' action was not known and Blair was assumed to be behind it.[49] Blair also ordered Operation Barras, a highly successful SAS/Parachute Regiment strike to rescue hostages from a Sierra Leone rebel group.[50] Historian Andrew Marr has argued that the success of ground attacks, real and threatened, over air strikes alone would be influential on how Blair planned the Iraq War, and that the success of the first three wars Blair fought "played to his sense of himself as a moral war leader".[51] When asked in 2010 if the success of Palliser may have "embolden[ed] British politicians" to think of military action as a policy option, General Sir David Richards would admit there "might be something in that".[49] Tony Blair and George W. Bush shake hands after their press conference in the East Room of the White House on 12 November 2004. From the start of the War on Terror in 2001, Blair strongly supported the foreign policy of George W. Bush, participating in the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan and 2003 invasion of Iraq. The invasion of Iraq was particularly controversial, as it attracted widespread public opposition and 139 of Blair's MPs opposed it.[52] As a result, he faced criticism over the policy itself and the circumstances in which it was decided upon. Alastair Campbell described Blair's statement that the intelligence on WMDs was "beyond doubt" as his "assessment of the assessment that was given to him."[53] In 2009, Blair stated that he would have supported removing Saddam Hussein from power even in the face of proof that he had no such weapons.[54] Playwright Harold Pinter and former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad accused Blair of war crimes.[55][56] Testifying before the Iraq Inquiry on 29 January 2010, Blair said Saddam was a "monster and I believe he threatened not just the region but the world."[57] Blair said that British and American attitude towards Saddam Hussein had "changed dramatically" after 11 September attacks. Blair denied that he would have supported the invasion of Iraq even if he had thought Saddam had no weapons of mass destruction. He said he believed the world was safer as a result of the invasion.[58] He also said that there was "no real difference between wanting regime change and wanting Iraq to disarm: regime change was US policy because Iraq was in breach of its UN obligations."[59] Relationship with Parliament One of his first acts as Prime Minister was to replace the then twice-weekly 15-minute sessions of Prime minister's questions held on Tuesdays and Thursdays with a single 30-minute session on Wednesdays. In addition to PMQs, Blair held monthly press conferences at which he fielded questions from journalists[60][61] and – from 2002 – broke precedent by agreeing to give evidence twice yearly before the most senior Commons select committee, the Liaison Committee.[62] Blair was sometimes perceived as paying insufficient attention both to the views of his own Cabinet colleagues and to those of the House of Commons.[63] His style was sometimes criticised as not that of a prime minister and head of government, which he was, but of a president and head of state—which he was not.[64] Blair was accused of excessive reliance on spin.[65][66] He is the first British Prime Minister to have been formally questioned by police, though not under caution, while still in office.[67] Events before resignation As the casualties of the Iraq War mounted, Blair was accused of misleading Parliament,[68][69] and his popularity dropped dramatically.[70][71] The Labour party's overall majority in the 2005 general election was reduced to 66. As a combined result of the Blair-Brown pact, Iraq war and low approval ratings, pressure built up within the Labour party for Blair to resign.[72][73] On 7 September 2006, Blair publicly stated he would step down as party leader by the time of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) conference held 10–13 September 2007,[74] having promised to serve a full term during the previous general election campaign. On 10 May 2007, during a speech at the Trimdon Labour Club, Blair announced his intention to resign as Labour Party leader and Prime Minister. At a special party conference in Manchester on 24 June 2007, he formally handed over the leadership of the Labour Party to Gordon Brown, who had been Chancellor of the Exchequer.[9] Blair tendered his resignation on 27 June 2007 and Brown assumed office the same afternoon. Blair also resigned his seat in the House of Commons in the traditional form of accepting the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds, to which he was appointed by Gordon Brown in one of the latter's last acts as Chancellor of the Exchequer.[75] The resulting Sedgefield by-election was won by Labour's candidate, Phil Wilson. Blair decided not to issue a list of Resignation Honours, making him the first Prime Minister of the modern era not to do so.[76] Policies Further information: Premiership of Tony Blair Social reforms In 2001, Blair said, "We are a left of centre party, pursuing economic prosperity and social justice as partners and not as opposites".[77] Blair has rarely applied such labels to himself, but he promised before the 1997 election that New Labour would govern "from the radical centre", and according to one lifelong Labour Party member, has always described himself as a social democrat.[78] However, at least one left-wing commentator has said that Blair is to the right of centre.[79] A YouGov opinion poll in 2005 also found that a small majority of British voters, including many New Labour supporters, place Blair on the right of the political spectrum.[80][81] The Financial Times on the other hand has argued that Blair is not conservative, but instead a populist.[82] Critics and admirers tend to agree that Blair's electoral success was based on his ability to occupy the centre ground and appeal to voters across the political spectrum, to the extent that he has been fundamentally at odds with traditional Labour Party values.[83] Some left-wing critics have argued that Blair has overseen the final stage of a long term shift of the Labour Party to the right, and that very little now remains of a Labour Left.[84][85] There is also evidence that Blair's long term dominance of the centre has forced his Conservative opponents to shift a long distance to the left, in order to challenge his hegemony there.[86][87] During his time as prime minister, Blair raised taxes; introduced a National Minimum Wage and some new employment rights (while keeping Margaret Thatcher's anti-trade union legislation[88] ); introduced significant constitutional reforms; promoted new rights for gay people in the Civil Partnership Act 2004; and signed treaties integrating Britain more closely with the EU. He introduced substantial market-based reforms in the education and health sectors; introduced student tuition fees; sought to reduce certain categories of welfare payments, and introduced tough anti-terrorism and identity card legislation. Under Blair's government the amount of new legislation increased[89] which attracted criticism.[90] Blair increased police powers by adding to the number of arrestable offences, compulsory DNA recording and the use of dispersal orders.[91] Environmental record Blair has criticised other governments for not doing enough to solve global climate change. In a 1997 visit to the United States, he made a comment on "great industrialised nations" that fail to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Again in 2003, Blair went before the United States Congress and said that climate change "cannot be ignored", insisting "we need to go beyond even Kyoto."[92] Blair and his party promised a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide.[93] The Labour Party also claimed that by 2010 10% of the energy would come from renewable resources; however, only 3% currently does.[94] In 2000 Blair "flagged up" 100 million euros for green policies and urged environmentalists and businesses to work together.[95] Foreign policy Jacques Chirac, George W. Bush, Tony Blair and Silvio Berlusconi during the G8 Summit in Évian, June 2003 Blair built his foreign policy on basic principles (close ties with US and EU) and added a new activist philosophy of 'interventionism'.[96] In 2001 Britain joined the US in the global war on terror.[97] Blair forged friendships with several conservative European leaders, including Silvio Berlusconi of Italy,[98] Angela Merkel of Germany[99] and later Nicolas Sarkozy of France.[100] Blair meets with U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, March 2005. Along with enjoying a close relationship with Bill Clinton, Blair formed a strong political alliance with George W. Bush, particularly in the area of foreign policy. For his part, Bush lauded Blair and the UK. In his post-9/11 speech, for example, he stated that "America has no truer friend than Great Britain".[101] The alliance between Bush and Blair seriously damaged Blair's standing in the eyes of Britons angry at American influence.[102] Blair argued it is in Britain's interest to "protect and strengthen the bond" with the United States regardless of who is in the White House.[103] However, a perception of one-sided compromising personal and political closeness led to serious discussion of the term "Poodle-ism" in the UK media, to describe the "Special Relationship" of the UK government and Prime Minister with the US White House and President.[104] A revealing conversation between Bush and Blair, with the former addressing the latter as "Yo [or Yeah], Blair" was recorded when they did not know a microphone was live at the G8 summit in Saint Petersburg in 2006.[105] Middle East policy and links with Israel Blair showed a deep feeling for Israel, born in part from his faith.[106] Blair has been a longtime member of the pro-Israel lobby group Labour Friends of Israel.[107] In 1994, Blair forged close ties with Michael Levy, a leader of the Jewish Leadership Council.[108] Levy ran the Labour Leader's Office Fund to finance Blair's campaign before the 1997 election and raised £12 million towards Labour’s landslide victory, Levy was rewarded with a peerage, and in 2002, Blair appointed Lord Levy as his personal envoy to the Middle East. Levy praised Blair for his "solid and committed support of the State of Israel".[109] Tam Dalyell, while Father of the House of Commons, suggested in 2003 that Blair's foreign policy decisions were unduly influenced by a 'cabal' of Jewish advisers, including Levy, Peter Mandelson and Jack Straw (the last two are not Jewish but have some Jewish ancestry).[110] Blair, on coming to office, had been "cool towards the right-wing Netanyahu government".[111] During his first visit to Israel, Blair thought the Israelis bugged him in his car. He also went on to claim that prime minister Netanyahu was merely an "armour-plated bullshitter".[112] After the election in 1999 of Ehud Barak, with whom Blair forged a close relationship, he became much more sympathetic to Israel.[111] From 2001 Blair also built up a relationship with Barak's successor, Ariel Sharon, and responded positively to Arafat, whom he had met thirteen times since becoming prime minister and regarded as essential to future negotiations.[111] In 2004, 50 former diplomats, including ambassadors to Baghdad and Tel Aviv, stated they had 'watched with deepening concern' at Britain following the US into war in Iraq in 2003. They criticised Blair's support for the road map for peace which included the retaining of Israeli settlements on the West Bank.[113] In 2006 Blair was criticised for his failure to immediately call for a ceasefire in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. The Observer newspaper claimed that at a cabinet meeting before Blair left for a summit with Bush on 28 July 2006, a significant number of ministers pressured Blair to publicly criticise Israel over the scale of deaths and destruction in Lebanon.[114] Blair was criticised for his solid stance alongside US President George W. Bush on Middle East policy.[115] Syria and Libya A Freedom of Information request by The Sunday Times in 2012 revealed that Blair's government considered knighting Syria's President Bashar al-Assad. The documents also showed that Blair was willing to appear alongside Assad at a joint press conference even though the Syrians would probably have settled for a farewell handshake for the cameras; British officials sought to manipulate the media to portray Assad in a favourable light; and Blair's aides tried to help Assad's "photogenic" wife boost her profile. The newspaper noted: The Arab leader was granted audiences with the Queen and the Prince of Wales, lunch with Blair at Downing Street, a platform in parliament and many other privileges. . . . The red carpet treatment he and his entourage received is embarrassing given the bloodbath that has since taken place under his rule in Syria. . . . The courtship has parallels with Blair's friendly relations with Muammar Gaddafi.[116] Blair had been on friendly terms with Colonel Gaddafi, the leader of Libya, when sanctions imposed on the country were lifted by United States and United Kingdom.[117][118] Even after the Libyan Civil War in 2011, he said he had no regrets about his close relationship with the late Libyan leader.[119] During Blair's premiership, MI6 rendered Abdel Hakim Belhaj to the Gaddafi regime in 2004, though Blair later claimed he had "no recollection" of the incident.[120] Relationship with media Rupert Murdoch Blair was reported to have been supported by Rupert Murdoch, the founder of the News Corporation organisation.[121] In 1995, while leader of the Opposition, Blair disclosed in the Commons register of interests that he was a guest of Murdoch when he flew to meet him in Hayman Island.[122] In 2011 Blair became Godfather to one of Rupert Murdoch's children. Apparently Blair was 'robed in white for the ceremony'.[123] However, Murdoch later ended his long-standing relationship with Blair in 2014, after suspecting him of having an affair with his then wife Wendi Deng.[124] Contacts with UK media proprietors A Cabinet Office freedom of information response, released the day after Blair handed over power to Gordon Brown, documents Blair having various official phone calls and meetings with Rupert Murdoch of News Corporation and Richard Desmond of Northern and Shell Media.[125] The response includes contacts "clearly of an official nature" in the specified period, but excludes contacts "not clearly of an official nature."[126] No details were given of the subjects discussed. In the period between September 2002 and April 2005, Blair and Murdoch are documented speaking 6 times; three times in the 9 days before the Iraq war, including the eve of 20 March US and UK invasion, and on 29 January 25 April and 3 October 2004. Between January 2003 and February 2004, Blair had three meetings with Richard Desmond; on 29 January and 3 September 2003 and 23 February 2004.[127][128] The information was disclosed after a three and a half year battle by the Liberal Democrats' Lord Avebury.[125] Lord Avebury's initial October 2003 information request was dismissed by then leader of the Lords, Baroness Amos.[125] A following complaint was rejected, with Downing Street claiming the information compromised free and frank discussions, while Cabinet Office claimed releasing the timing of the PM's contacts with individuals is undesirable, as it might lead to the content of the discussions being disclosed.[125] While awaiting a following appeal from Lord Avebury, the cabinet office announced that it would release the information. Lord Avebury said: "The public can now scrutinise the timing of his (Murdoch's) contacts with the former Prime Minister, to see whether they can be linked to events in the outside world."[125] Blair appeared before the Leveson Inquiry on Monday 28 May 2012.[129] During his appearance, a protester, later named as David Lawley-Wakelin, got into the court-room and claimed he was guilty of war crimes before being dragged out.[130] Media portrayal Blair has been noted as a charismatic, articulate speaker with an informal style.[35] Film and theatre director Richard Eyre opined that "Blair had a very considerable skill as a performer".[131] A few months after becoming Prime Minister Blair gave a tribute to Diana, Princess of Wales, on the morning of her death in August 1997, in which he famously described her as "the People's Princess".[132][133] After taking office in 1997, Blair gave particular prominence to his press secretary, who became known as the Prime Minister's Official Spokesman (the two roles have since been separated). Blair's first PMOS was Alastair Campbell, who served in that role from May 1997 to 8 June 2001, after which he served as the Prime Minister's Director of Communications and Strategy until his resignation on 29 August 2003 in the aftermath of the Hutton Inquiry.[134] Relationship with Labour Party Blair's apparent refusal to set a date for his departure was criticised by the British press and Members of Parliament. It has been reported that a number of cabinet ministers believed that Blair's timely departure from office would be required to be able to win a fourth election.[135] Some ministers viewed Blair's announcement of policy initiatives in September 2006 as an attempt to draw attention away from these issues.[135] Gordon Brown See also: Blair–Brown deal Gordon Brown (pictured in 2002) was Chancellor under Blair, with whom he made a pact to succeed as prime minister. After the death of John Smith in 1994, Blair and his close colleague Gordon Brown (they shared an office at the House of Commons)[35] were both seen as possible candidates for the party leadership. They agreed not to stand against each other, it is said, as part of a supposed Blair–Brown pact. Brown, who considered himself the senior of the two, understood that Blair would give way to him: opinion polls soon indicated, however, that Blair appeared to enjoy greater support among voters.[136] Their relationship in power became so turbulent that (it was reported) the deputy prime minister, John Prescott, often had to act as "marriage guidance counsellor".[137] During the 2010 election campaign Blair publicly endorsed Gordon Brown's leadership, praising the way he had handled the financial crisis.[138] Post-Prime Ministerial career Diplomacy On 27 June 2007, Blair officially resigned as Prime Minister after ten years in office, and he was officially confirmed as Middle East envoy for the United Nations, European Union, United States, and Russia.[139] Blair originally indicated that he would retain his parliamentary seat after his resignation as Prime Minister came into effect; however, on being confirmed for the Middle East role he resigned from the Commons by taking up an office of profit.[75] President George W. Bush had preliminary talks with Blair to ask him to take up the envoy role. White House sources stated that "both Israel and the Palestinians had signed up to the proposal".[140][141] In May 2008, Blair announced a new plan for peace and for Palestinian rights, based heavily on the ideas of the Peace Valley plan.[142] Private sector In January 2008, it was confirmed that Blair would be joining investment bank JPMorgan Chase in a "senior advisory capacity"[143] and that he would advise Zurich Financial Services on climate change. His salary for this work is unknown, although it has been claimed it may be in excess of £500,000 per year.[143] Blair also gives lectures, earning up to US$250,000 for a 90-minute speech, and in 2008 he was said to be the highest paid speaker in the world.[144][145] Yale University announced on 7 March 2008 that Blair will teach a course on issues of faith and globalisation at the Yale Schools of Management and Divinity as a Howland distinguished fellow during the 2008–09 academic year.[146] Blair's links with, and receipt of an undisclosed sum from, UI Energy Corporation, have also been subject to media comment in the UK.[147] In July 2010 it was reported that his personal security guards claimed £250,000 a year in expenses from the tax payer, Foreign Secretary William Hague said; "we have to make sure that [Blair's security] is as cost-effective as possible, that it doesn't cost any more to the taxpayer than is absolutely necessary".[148] Tony Blair Associates Former rebel leader Hashim Thaçi and Tony Blair with Declaration of Independence of Kosovo Blair has established Tony Blair Associates to "allow him to provide, in partnership with others, strategic advice on a commercial and pro bono basis, on political and economic trends and governmental reform".[149] The profits from the firm go towards supporting Blair's "work on faith, Africa and climate change".[150] Blair has been subject to criticism for potential conflicts of interest between his diplomatic role as a Middle East envoy, and his work with Tony Blair Associates,[151][152][153] and a number of prominent critics have even called for him to be sacked.[154] Blair has used his Quartet Tony Blair Associates works with the Khazakstan government, advising the regime on judicial, economic and political reforms, but has been subject to criticism after accusations of "whitewashing" the image and human rights record of the regime.[155] In particular, opposition activists have published an open letter in a Kazak newspaper, Respublika, claiming Blair would have "blood on his hands" if did not stop assisting President Nursultan Nazarbayev.[citation needed] Blair has responded to such criticism by saying his choice to advise the country is an example of how he can "nudge controversial figures on a progressive path of reform", and has stated that he receives no personal profit from this advisory role.[156] The Kazakhstan foreign minister said that the country was "honoured and privileged" to be receiving advice from Blair.[157][158] A letter obtained by The Daily Telegraph in August 2014 revealed Blair had given damage-limitation advice to Nazarbayev after the December 2011 Zhanaozen massacre.[159] Blair was reported to be have accepted a business advisory role with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, a situation deemed incompatible with his role as Middle East envoy;[160] the former prime minister described the report as "nonsense".[161] European Council president speculation In October 2007, there was speculation in the media that Blair was open to the idea of becoming the first President of the European Council, a post created in the Treaty of Lisbon that would come into force in 2009, if successfully ratified. Gordon Brown added his support, but noted that it was premature to discuss candidates before the treaty was approved. A spokesman for Blair did not rule out him accepting the post, but said that he was concentrating on his current role in the Middle East.[162] Blair was later invited to speak on European issues at a rally of President Sarkozy's party, the Union for a Popular Movement, on 12 January 2008, which fuelled speculation further.[163][164] There was opposition to Blair's potential candidacy for the job. In the UK, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats both said they would oppose Blair. In Germany, the leader of the Free Democrats, Guido Westerwelle, said that he preferred a candidate from a smaller European country.[165] In November 2009, the Belgian PM Herman Van Rompuy was named President of the European Council.[166][167] Charity On 14 November 2007, Blair launched the Tony Blair Sports Foundation, which aims to "increase childhood participation in sports activities, especially in the North East of England, where a larger proportion of children are socially excluded, and to promote overall health and prevent childhood obesity."[168] On 30 May 2008, Blair launched the Tony Blair Faith Foundation as a vehicle for encouraging different faiths to join together in promoting respect and understanding, as well as working to tackle poverty. Reflecting Blair's own faith but not dedicated to any particular religion, the Foundation aims to "show how faith is a powerful force for good in the modern world".[169] "The Foundation will use its profile and resources to encourage people of faith to work together more closely to tackle global poverty and conflict," says its mission statement.[170] In February 2009, he applied to set up a charity called the Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative: the application was approved in November 2009.[171] In October 2012 Blair's foundation hit controversy when it emerged they were taking on unpaid interns.[172] Memoirs Main article: A Journey In March 2010, it was reported that Blair's memoirs, titled The Journey, would be published in September 2010.[173] In July 2010 it was announced the memoirs would be retitled A Journey.[174] The memoirs were seen by many as controversial and a further attempt to profit from his office and from acts related to overseas wars that were widely seen as wrongful,[175][176][177] leading to anger and suspicion prior to launch.[176] On 16 August 2010 it was announced that Blair would give the £4.6 million advance and all royalties from his memoirs to a sports centre for badly injured soldiers - the charity's largest ever single donation.[175][178][179] Media analysis of the sudden announcement was wide-ranging, describing it as an act of "desperation"[179] to obtain a better launch reception of a humiliating "publishing flop" [179] that had languished in the ratings,[175][179] "blood money" for the lives lost in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars,[175][177] an act with a "hidden motive" or an expression of "guilt",[175][176] a "genius move" to address the problem that "Tony Blair ha[d] one of the most toxic brands around" from a PR perspective,[176] and a "cynical stunt to wipe the slate",[179] but also as an attempt to make amends.[179] Friends had said that the act was partly motivated by the wish to "repair his reputation".[175] The book was published on 1 September and within hours of its launch had become the fastest-selling autobiography of all time.[180] On 3 September Blair gave his first live interview since publication on The Late Late Show in Ireland, with protesters lying in wait there for him.[181][182] On 4 September Blair was confronted by 200 anti-war and hardline Irish nationalist demonstrators before the first book signing of his memoirs at Eason's bookstore on O'Connell Street in Dublin, with angry activists chanting "war criminal" and that he had "blood on his hands", and clashing with Irish Police (Garda Síochána) as they tried to break through a security cordon outside the Eason's store. Blair was pelted with eggs and shoes, and encountered an attempted citizen's arrest for war crimes.[183] Accusations of war crimes Since the Iraq War, Blair has been the subject of accusations of war crimes. Critics of his actions, including Bishop Desmond Tutu,[184] Harold Pinter[185] and Arundhati Roy[186] have called for his trial at the International Criminal Court. In 2010 George Monbiot launched a campaign for people to make a citizen's arrest of Blair as a war criminal and by 2012 four unsuccessful attempts had been made.[187] On November 2011, a mock war-crimes tribunal put together by the Kuala Lumpur War Crimes Commission reached a unanimous conclusion that Blair and George W. Bush are guilty of crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and genocide as a result of their roles in the 2003 Iraq War. The mock trial, which lasted four days, consisting of five judges of judicial and academic backgrounds, a court-appointed defence team in lieu of the defendants or representatives, and a prosecution team including international law professor Francis Boyle.[188] The mock tribunal's finding received mixed responses, being labelled a "circus" by former UN Special Rapporteur Param Cumaraswamy. In September 2012, Desmond Tutu suggested that Blair should follow the path of former African leaders who had been brought before the International Criminal Court in The Hague.[184] The human rights lawyer Geoffrey Bindman, interviewed on BBC radio, concurred with Tutu's suggestion that there should be a war crimes trial.[189] In a statement made in response to Tutu's comments, Blair defended his actions.[184] He was supported by Lord Falconer, who stated that the war had been properly authorised by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441.[189]
Independent Tony Blair takes on new role fighting anti-Semitism as chairman of European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation
Tony Blair was due to announce today his new role in tackling anti-Semitism in Europe, little more than a week after stepping down as envoy for The Quartet group of Middle East mediators. The former prime minister has been appointed chairman of the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation, an organisation campaigning for more stringent laws against extremism to be adopted across the continent. The organisation, set up by Russian-born businessman Moshe Kantor, President of the European Jewish Congress, and former president of Poland Aleksander Kwasniewski, campaigns for European countries to pass laws to criminalise Holocaust denial and to provide clear definitions of anti-Semitism and racism. It also looks to persuade governments to offer funding for security at sites including synagogues and Jewish schools. Mr Blair announced last month announced he was resigning from his role as envoy for The Quartet – a position which he had held for eight years. Moshe Kantor, head of the European Jewish Congress (MICHAL CIZEK/AFP/Getty Images) Moshe Kantor, head of the European Jewish Congress (MICHAL CIZEK/AFP/Getty Images) He had hinted in March that he was preparing to stand down in a speech which questioned the "efficacy" of democracy in the region. In an article in The Times today, Mr Blair and Mr Kantor set out the organisation's role in combating extremism across Europe as they warn anti-Semitism is a problem "infecting the whole of society". In pictures: Extremists in the EU 1 of 6 France: Marine le Pen Next France: Marine le PenGermany: Udo VoigtDenmark: Morten MesserschmidtHungary: Krisztina Morvai Italy: Mario BorghezioGreece: Eleftherios Synadinos They write: "Globalisation is pushing us closer together so the effects of racism and discrimination increasingly undermine the fabric of society as a whole. "Our individual success depends on that of the collective, which is why states, international organisations and other actors must join together to tackle hate and intolerance. If we wait for our armies to act, it will be too late." READ MORE TONY BLAIR RESIGNS FROM POST AS ENVOY FOR THE QUARTET GROUP COMMENT: 'TONY BLAIR NOW HAS A CHANCE TO RESTORE HIS LEGACY' TONY BLAIR SAYS DEMOCRACY ISN'T EVERYTHING BLAIR LABELLED A 'STANDING JOKE' IN MIDDLE EAST PEACE TALKS In the article, Mr Blair and Mr Kantor highlight a report by the Kantor Centre at Tel Aviv University, which recorded a total of 766 violent anti-Semitic acts in 2014 – a 38 per cent rise on the previous year. The report said last year was one of the worst for anti-Semitic incidents in the past decade. Mr Blair insisted he was to remain involved with the peace process after stepping down from his position with the Quartet last month. His role was thought to have become increasingly difficult as his relationship with senior Palestinian Authority figures deteriorated.
 
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group.[1][2] A person who holds such positions is called an "antisemite". Antisemitism is widely considered to be a form of racism.[3][4] While the conjunction of the units anti, Semite, and ism indicates antisemitism as being directed against all Semitic people, the term was popularized in Germany in 1873 as a scientific-sounding term for Judenhass ("Jew-hatred"),[5][6] although it had been used for at least two decades prior,[7] and that has been its normal use since then.[8] For the purposes of a 2005 U.S. governmental report, antisemitism was considered "hatred toward Jews—individually and as a group—that can be attributed to the Jewish religion and/or ethnicity."[9] Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities. Although the term did not come into common usage until the 19th century, it is now also applied to historic anti-Jewish incidents. Notable instances of persecution include the pogroms which preceded the First Crusade in 1096, the expulsion from England in 1290, the massacres of Spanish Jews in 1391, the persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition, the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Cossack massacres in Ukraine of 1648–1657, various pogroms in Imperial Russia between 1821 and 1906, the 1894–1906 Dreyfus affair in France, the Holocaust in German-occupied Europe, official Soviet anti-Jewish policies and Arab and Muslim involvement in the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries.Though the general definition of antisemitism is hostility or prejudice against Jews, and, according to Olaf Blaschke, has become an "umbrella term for negative stereotypes about Jews",[24] a number of authorities have developed more formal definitions. Holocaust scholar and City University of New York professor Helen Fein defines it as "a persisting latent structure of hostile beliefs towards Jews as a collective manifested in individuals as attitudes, and in culture as myth, ideology, folklore and imagery, and in actions—social or legal discrimination, political mobilization against the Jews, and collective or state violence—which results in and/or is designed to distance, displace, or destroy Jews as Jews." Elaborating on Fein's definition, Dietz Bering of the University of Cologne writes that, to antisemites, "Jews are not only partially but totally bad by nature, that is, their bad traits are incorrigible. Because of this bad nature: (1) Jews have to be seen not as individuals but as a collective. (2) Jews remain essentially alien in the surrounding societies. (3) Jews bring disaster on their 'host societies' or on the whole world, they are doing it secretly, therefore the anti-Semites feel obliged to unmask the conspiratorial, bad Jewish character."[25] For Sonja Weinberg, as distinct from economic and religious anti-Judaism, antisemitism in its modern form shows conceptual innovation, a resort to 'science' to defend itself, new functional forms and organisational differences. It was anti-liberal, racialist and nationalist. It promoted the myth that Jews conspired to 'judaise' the world; it served to consolidate social identity; it channeled dissatisfactions among victims of the capitalist system; and it was used as a conservative cultural code to fight emancipation and liberalism.[26] Antisemitic caricature by C.Léandre (France, 1898) showing Rothschild with the world in his hands Bernard Lewis defines antisemitism as a special case of prejudice, hatred, or persecution directed against people who are in some way different from the rest. According to Lewis, antisemitism is marked by two distinct features: Jews are judged according to a standard different from that applied to others, and they are accused of "cosmic evil." Thus, "it is perfectly possible to hate and even to persecute Jews without necessarily being anti-Semitic" unless this hatred or persecution displays one of the two features specific to antisemitism.[27] There have been a number of efforts by international and governmental bodies to define antisemitism formally. The U.S. Department of State states that "while there is no universally accepted definition, there is a generally clear understanding of what the term encompasses." For the purposes of its 2005 Report on Global Anti-Semitism, the term was considered to mean "hatred toward Jews—individually and as a group—that can be attributed to the Jewish religion and/or ethnicity."[9] In 2005, the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (now Fundamental Rights Agency), then an agency of the European Union, developed a more detailed working definition, which states: "Antisemitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of antisemitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities." It adds "such manifestations could also target the state of Israel, conceived as a Jewish collectivity." It provides contemporary examples of ways in which antisemitism may manifest itself, including: promoting the harming of Jews in the name of an ideology or religion; promoting negative stereotypes of Jews; holding Jews collectively responsible for the actions of an individual Jewish person or group; denying the Holocaust or accusing Jews or Israel of exaggerating it; and accusing Jews of dual loyalty or a greater allegiance to Israel than their own country. It also lists ways in which attacking Israel could be antisemitic, and states that denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, e.g. by claiming that the existence of a state of Israel is a racist endeavor, can be a manifestation of antisemitism—as can applying double standards by requiring of Israel a behavior not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation, or holding Jews collectively responsible for actions of the State of Israel.[28] Late in 2013, the definition was removed from the website of the Fundamental Rights Agency. A spokesperson said that it had never been regarded as official and that the agency did not intend to develop its own definition.[29] 1889 Paris, France elections poster for self-described "candidat antisémite" Adolphe Willette: "The Jews are a different race, hostile to our own... Judaism, there is the enemy!" (see file for complete translation) Evolution of usage In 1879, Wilhelm Marr founded the Antisemiten-Liga (Anti-Semitic League).[30] Identification with antisemitism and as an antisemite was politically advantageous in Europe in the latter 19th century. For example, Karl Lueger, the popular mayor of fin de siècle Vienna, skillfully exploited antisemitism as a way of channeling public discontent to his political advantage.[31] In its 1910 obituary of Lueger, The New York Times notes that Lueger was "Chairman of the Christian Social Union of the Parliament and of the Anti-Semitic Union of the Diet of Lower Austria.[32] In 1895 A. C. Cuza organized the Alliance Anti-semitique Universelle in Bucharest. In the period before World War II, when animosity towards Jews was far more commonplace, it was not uncommon for a person, organization, or political party to self-identify as an antisemite or antisemitic. In 1882, the early Zionist pioneer Judah Leib Pinsker wrote that antisemitism was a psychological response rooted in fear and was an inherited predisposition. He named the condition Judeophobia.[33] Judeophobia is a variety of demonopathy with the distinction that it is not peculiar to particular races but is common to the whole of mankind.'...'Judeophobia is a psychic aberration. As a psychic aberration it is hereditary, and as a disease transmitted for two thousand years it is incurable.'... 'In this way have Judaism and Anti-Semitism passed for centuries through history as inseparable companions.'......'Having analyzed Judeophobia as an hereditary form of demonopathy, peculiar to the human race, and having represented Anti-Semitism as proceeding from an inherited aberration of the human mind, we must draw the important conclusion that we must give' up contending against these hostile impulses as we must against every other inherited predisposition. (translation from German)[34] In the aftermath of the Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938, German propaganda minister Goebbels announced: "The German people is anti-Semitic. It has no desire to have its rights restricted or to be provoked in the future by parasites of the Jewish race."[35] After the 1945 victory of the Allies over Nazi Germany, and particularly after the extent of the Nazi genocide of Jews became known, the term "anti-Semitism" acquired pejorative connotations. This marked a full circle shift in usage, from an era just decades earlier when "Jew" was used as a pejorative term.[36][37] Yehuda Bauer wrote in 1984: "There are no anti-Semites in the world... Nobody says,

 


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Google Custom Search Engine ... Link 9/11 Truth, JFK assassination, Holocaust hoax & ISIS ...... home

No main stream media sites including Wikipedia are searched on this custom search page .... only websites dedicated to exposing the truth about 9/11, JFK assassination and the Holocaust hoax. This may include 'gatekeeper' sites such as 911Truth.org, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth.org, Chomsky etc....by 'gatekeeper' we mean websites who never mention Israel, UK or Saudi Arabia as complicit in the 'inside job' attack. The roots of 9/11 go back to the Jewish Bolshevik revolution, Zionist/Nazi Germany (chronology below), the Holocaust hoax (treachery to spur emigration to Palestine) ... Google restricts results to 10 pages (100 items)

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Yes to 'no planes', Israel nuked the WTC, the Holocaust(timeline below) is a hoax, the Mossad / LBJ assassinated John Kennedy & ISIS=Hitler.

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